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I'HS preceding title-page indicates the nature of the present work and the 
design of its author. Except so far as is necessary for etymological purposes, 
words occurring in writers ordinarily read by less advanced students of the 
Latin language are, for the most part, alone explained ; and in their treat- 
ment the principles upon which the larger Dictionary of White and Riddle is 
based are uniformly followed, as fully as circumstances allow or require. The 
course which has been pursued may be thus described. Immediately after the 
assigned origin of each word, the literal interpretation is given between 
parentheses ; and that English rendering of which such interpretation holds 
good in a pre-eminent degree is placed first in order, and regarded as the 
proper or primary meaning. When the source of a word is not discoverable, 
the fact is stated ; and the ordinary interpretation is accepted and assigned 
the first place. When figurative and metonymical powers exist, either 
separately or conjointly, these are given, when they fall within the necessarily 
restricted scope of the work. A brief reference is usually made to some 
author; invariably so, indeed, when a quotation is deemed desirable or 
needful. Peculiar or unusual grammatical constructions are noticed. In the 
case of adjectives and adverbs, the comparative and superlative degrees are 
mentioned when they are known to exist ; and whenever either one or the 
other or both are omitted, it is to be considered that no authority is to be 
found for their use. Proper names are included in the body of the work, 
and will be found in their alphabetical order ; added to which their meaning 
is stated, whenever their origin is clearly traceable or may be reasonably 
conjectured; such meaning being printed in Roman type in the case of 
Latinized Greek names, and in Italic type in the case of pure Latin names. 
French derivatives from such Latin words as are comprised in this Dictionary 
are, moreover, mentioned. 

In one respect, however, this book differs from the parent work, and* 
indeed, from any Dictionary which has yet appeared. This peculiarity con- 
sists in the mode of printing each leading word so as to exhibit its process of 
formation, and thus show the reason for the etymological meaning assigned to 

A 2 


it. The plan was original Ij devised for, and earned out in, a work on the 
structure of the Latin language, entitled " Latin Suffixes," which was written 
for the special instruction of the boys of a particular department in a particular 
school The success which attended its use has suggested the application of 
its principles in the present instance. Since, however, this mode of printing 
is a novelty in Lexicographical works, some explanation of the plan itself is 

Simple words consist, in part, of a base, which may be either a root, or a 
theme — by some called a stem ; in part, of either a suffix alone or a suffix 
preceded by a connecting vowel or by a consonant, which some etymologists 
term " euphonic," others " epenthetic." In order, as before stated, to show the 
formation 'of the word, and at the same time to assist in indicating the 
etymological force resulting from the combination of the base and suffix, a 
hyphen is placed between them. Thus, in am-ov, ama-tor, and vir-tus, the 
respective bases are am, ama, and vir ; the respective suffixes are or f tor, and 
tus. Again, in teg-Omen, mon-itor, and mon-strum, the respective bases are 
teg and mon; iimen and itor supply instances of the occurrence of a connect- 
ing vowel ; while strum shows the employment of the euphonic or epenthetic 
consonant between the suffix and base ; the connecting vowels being respec- 
tively u and£; the euphonic or epenthetic consonant, s; the suffixes, men- 
tor, and trum. In some few cases a seeming prefix is employed : see the 
articles a-pi-s, a-vi-s. 

Compound words are formed sometimes by the union of two simple words, 
either without or with some letter-change or contraction ; at other times by 
the combination of the primary elements entering into the formation of two 
(rarely more) simple words, either with or without a connecting vowel, and 
generally with, though occasionally without, a suffix ; while, further still, a 
euphonic or epenthetic consonant is inserted in certain instances. 

Of the former of these two classes of compound words, ah-solvo, per-rumpo, 
conscendo, are examples. In order to distinguish the component parts, a 
hyphen is inserted between them. If the composition involves no letter- 
change, the word is simply printed as shown in ah-solvo, per-rumpo. But if 
a letter-change occurs, then mention is made of the fact, while the same mode 
of printing is retained. Thus, that conscendo is a compound word, appears 
from the employment of the hyphen, while the change that is made in one of 
its members is mentioned immediately after the statement of its mode of 
.flexion and of its conjugation, in the following way ;- — [for con-scando] ; 
conscendo being in fact the euphonised form of con-scando. Examples 


of the formation of compound words from two simple words, through contrac- 
tions, are found in ne-mo from ne-homo, and in n-olo from ne-volo. 

Of the other class of compound words, la>t-i~fic-o, and mont-i-col-a, 
exhibit the employment of a connecting vowel and the addition of a suffix. 
Puer-per-us and con-sangum-eus are formed without an intervening con- 
necting vowel, while they each receive a suffix. In tced-t-fer and tub-t-cen, 
there is a connecting vowel, but no suffix. While, as will be presently 
shown, equ-e-s and com-e-s receive a euphonic or epenthetic consonant, though 
it does not appear in their nominative cases. Here, too, as in the other 
class of compound words, hyphens are employed to separate the component 
parts. In that portion of each article which is devoted to etymological 
information, the respective roots or themes of the simple words are shown 
by their being separated by a hyphen from the part changed in flexion ; 
the connecting vowel or euphonic (otherwise epenthetic) consonant iff 
denoted by its being placed between parentheses ( ) ; while, further still, any 
letter-changes that may occur are stated. 

By reference to the body of the work it will be seen that lcei-i-fte-o is fox 
lcet-i~fac-o. Here Icet is the theme of lcet-us ; fac is the root offac-to ; i, as 
will be seen from its mode of printing' — viz. (i), — is a connecting vowel \ 
while the o is a verbal suffix. So also in the case of mont-i-col-a, it will be 
seen that moid is the true theme of mons — the t disappearing, be it observed, 
in the nominative before the following consonant, s ; that col is the root oi 
col-o ; that i is a connecting vowel ; while the final a is a suffix. Here it 
should be stated, that where the true theme of a noun is not discoverable in 
the nominative case, the genitive is given, as there it always appears : e. g. 
mons, mont-is. 

On the other hand, in puer-per-us, puer the theme of puer, puer-i, is 
connected immediately with per, which is altered from par, the root of par~io ; 
while the final syllable us is a suffix. In con-sangum-eus, con, — the form 
assumed in certain cases by cum when used in composition, — is joined im- 
mediately to sanguin, which is the theme of sanguis, the n being thrown 
out before the following consonant s ; while eus is a suffix. 

Again. Tad-i-fer and tub-i-cen respectively supply instances of words 
having a connecting vowel, but being without a suffix. Thus, t<ed is the theme 
of tced-a; fer is the root of fer-o; i is a connecting vowel. So, tub is the' 
theme of tuh-a ; cen represents can, the root of can-o ; while i is a connecting 

It has also been mentioned that a euphonic or epenthetic consonant is 
occasionally inserted. The articles com-e-s and equ-e-s will show this. 
Com-e-s, it is stated in the work itself, is put for c<m-i-(t)-s f and equ-e-s for 


equ-i-(C)-s. In each instance the t does not appear in the nominative case; 
but it does appear in the oblique cases, and throughout the plural number; 
e. g. com-i-t-is> equ-i-t-is, etc. To indicate the nature of the letter t, it is 
printed, as shown above, between parentheses ; viz. (t). It should be stated, 
however, that by some scholars this t is considered to be a suffix. 
To pass now to some tew other points which require mention. 
Words, whether simple or compound, formed in the way above described, 
are often the sources of a still further formation. When this is the case, that 
portion of them which is not subject to flexion becomes the base of the 
new word, and is not divided into its original elements, but is printed con- 
tinuously. To illustrate this by reference to words already used as examples. 
From man-strum, con-scendo, are obtained, by the addition of suffixes, monstr- 
osus, conseen-sio (for conscend-sio) : the bases being monstr, canscend, which 
are those portions of their respective words which are not subject to flexion ^ 
and the suffixes being asm, mo. 

Words obtained directly from the Greek language, and which are in fact 
merely Latin representatives of Greek forms, are printed without any 
division : as, raaehina from ^^aw) ; Menman from M €/*>'& j/. Words, also, ol 
doubtful origin are not divided. 

When a consonant is inserted in the present tense of a verb m order to 
strengthen the present form, such consonant is inclosed, i» the leading word, 
between parentheses: as> ju{n)g-o f ?«/(»»)/>-«>; the true roots of which are 
respectively jvg and rup,. 

When words are formed from verbs of the first conjugation, and receive 
the conjugational letter a, such a, when their origin is stated, is exhibited 
between parentheses ; thus ama-tor, am-trum, are said to spring from am{a)-o 7 
ar(a)-o. But when the a is no£ employed, the ordinary form of the first 
person of the present tense of the verb is given , thus a?u-or, ar-mis are repre- 
sented as having their sources in atn-o-, ar-a. 

When a word has for its base the uninfected portion of a substantive of 
the second declension, or of an adjective following the form of the second 
declension, and such base ends in two, or more, consonants, a vowel is at times 
inserted before the last of them ; as from minister, ministv^iy is formed minister - 
turn, not ministrium ; from tignwn, Hgn-i, comes ti§tl-km (for tigin-lwrii), not 
tign-lum\ and from integer, integr-i, is obtained integd-lus (for integer-lus) % 
not integr-lus. The same statement aLo holds good in some other cases ; as 
from umbra, umbr-ce of the first declension, springs umbel-la (for umhw-la), 
not umbr-h.. 

■Som;* suffixes are simple, as or in am~or ; others are compound as tus in 


vir-tus* which upresent^- tuts, the real or pure suffix being tut, and s the 
nominative case-ending. This, however, is a point which cannot be treated 
of at length in a preface. 

When a suffix is preceded by a connecting vowel, or by a euphonic or 
epenthetic consonant, no hyphen is employed; as mon-itor, not mon-i-tor ; 
mon-8trum 9 not mon-s-triim. 

As the suffix always forms the last portion of a word, and follows the 
hyphen in simple words and the last hyphen in compound words, it has 
not been thought necessary to repeat in any instance what it is, inasmuch as 
it is self-evident. Where no suffix is used, the fact will appear in the state- 
ment given of the origin of the word. 

Such is the outline of the plan upon which the leading words in this work 
are printed ; a plan which, it is confidently believed, will go far to render an 
acquaintance with the mode of formation, and the etymological meaning, of 
words in general, comparatively easy even to persons beginning to study the 
Latin language. Should further insight into these matters be desired, it may 
be obtained from the work already mentioned — " Latin Suffixes." Much, also, 
will soon be procurable from the forthcoming " Public Schools Latin Grammar," 
especially with regard to letter-changes, and the construction of the cases of 
nouns and of the perfect tenses and the supines of verbs. From an examination 
of that work, which has been courteously conceded to the author of this 
Dictionary, in common with certain others engaged in educational pursuits, he 
is enabled to speak of the effort to harmonize grammatical reaching in this 
country as being, in his judgment, most skilfully carried out, and likely to 
be hailed as a great boon by all who can appreciate the advantages that 
cannot but accrue from the general adoption of one standard Grammar for 
the primary instruction of youth. 

The assistance which the author received in his former and larger Abridg- 
ment of "White and Riddle's Dictionary" from the Rev. Ernest Brette — 
Graduate of the University of France, Head Master of the French School at 
Christ's Hospital, and French Examiner in the University of London and for the 
Civil Service of India — has been extended to him in the present instance 
also; that gentleman having kindly undertaken to test the accuracy of the 
printing of the French derivatives. For this service the author tenders him 
his very sincere thanks. 

'joxdox : January I $6d. 




N.B.— The dates in this list are derived from the best authorities ; but they must, in many instances, be regarded 
as only an approximation to the true era of the writer. 


Auct. Her. 
Auct. Priap. 


Aur. Vict, or 
Sext. Aur. 

A us. or Auson, 










Lucius Appuleius, philo- 
sopher ', 

Auctor ad Herennium, 

Auctor Priapeiorum. 

Aurelius Augustinus, 
Christian writer, 

Csesar Octavianus Aug- 

floruit A.D. 1 
floruit B.C. 

obiit A.D. 430 
floruit B.C. 31 



Frontin. or 


Grat. Falisc. 



f I Sextus Aurelius Victor, } ^rait A.D. 858 
J historian, ) 

D. Magnus Ausonius, poet, floruit A.D. 395 

It. Festus Avienus, poet, floruit A.D. 370 

Caius Julius Cresar, his- 
torian, obiit B.C. 44 

Julius Capitolinus, bio- 
grapher, floruit A.D. 293 

M. Porcius Cato, orator 

and historian, floruit B.C. 201 

C. Valerius Catullus, poet, floruit B.C. 48 

Aurel. Cornelius Celsus, 
physician, floruit A.D. 

Flavius Sosipater Char- 

isius, grammarian, floruit A.D. 

M. Tullius Cicero, orator 

and philosopher, obiit B.C. 

Claudius Claudian us, poet, floruit A.D. 

L. Jul. Moderatus Colum- 
ella, writer on husbandry, floruit A.D. 

Fl. Creseonius Corippus, 
poet and grammarian, floruit A.D. 

Q. Curtius Eufus, histor- 
ian, A.D. 49 ; ace. to 
Buttman, A.D. 

Q. Ennius, poet, obiit B.C. 

Flavius Eutropius, histor- 
ian, . floruit A.D. 

See Grat. Faliscus. 

Sext. Pompeius Festus, 

grammarian , floruit A. D. 

L. Annaeus Florus, histor- 
ian, floruit A.D. 

S. Julius Frontinus, writer 
De Aquceductibus, etc., obiit A.D. 

Aulus Gellius, grammar- 
ian, etc., fioiuiitA.D. 

Gratianus Faliscus, poet, floruit B.C. 

Aulus Hirtius, historian, floruit B.C. 

Q. Horatius Flaccus, poet, obiit B.C. 







j Isid. Isidorus 

grammarian, obiit A.D. 637 

Julius Valerius, historian, floruit A.D. 142 
Justinus, historian, floruit A.D. 142 

D. Junius Juvenalis, poet, floruit A.D. 82 
L. CceliusLactantius Firm- 

is,mm,Christian writer, obiit A.D. 325 
iElius Lampridius, histor- 
ian, floruit A. D. 293 
Titus Livius Patavinus, 

historian, obiit A.D. 16 

M. Annaeus Lucanus, poet, obiit A.D. 65 
C. Ennius Lucilius, sa- 
tirist, obiit B.C. 130 
T. Lucretius Carus, poet 

and philosopher, obiit B.C. 50 

Aur. Theodosius Macro - 

bius, critic, floruit A.D. 395 

M.Valerius Martialis, poet, obiit A.D. 101 
Mel. or Mela, Pomponius Mela, geo- 
grapher, floruit A.D. 45 
C. Ntevius, poet, obiit B.C. 202 
M. Aur. Olympius Nemes- 

ianus, poet, floruit A.D. 288 

Cornelius Nepos, biograph- 
er, floruit B.C. 44 
Non. Nonius Marcellus, gram- 
marian, floruit A.D. 500 
Ov. P. Ovidius Naso, poet, floruit A.D. 9 
Pac. or Paeuv. M. Pacuvius, writer of 

tragedy, floruit B.C. 149 

Pacat. Latinus Pacatus Drepan- 

ius, panegyrist, floruit A.D. 500 

Pall. Palladius Kutilius Taurus, 

writer on husbandry, floruit A.D. 210 
Pers. A. Persius Flaccus, satir- 

ist, obiit A.D. 62 

Petr. T. Petronius Arbiter, sa- 

tirist, obiit A.D. 67 

Pha3dr.orPh83d.T. Vhvedras, fabulist, floruit A.D. 15 

Plaut. M. Attius Plautus, writer 

of comedy, obiit B.C. 184 

PI. C, Plinius Secundus (ma- 

jor), obiit A.D. 79 

„ O. Plinius Cascilius Secun- 

dus (minor), floruit A.D. 100 

Prise. Priscianus, grammarian, floruit A.D. h06 

Prop. Sox. Aurelius Propertius, 

VoH, obiit B.C. *% 

Jul. Val. 











tfrad. A.nrel. Prudentins Cle 

mens, Christian poet, 
Publ. Syr. Publius Syrns, mimo- 

Q. Cic. Quintus Tullius Cicero, 

Quint. M. T. Quintilianus, rhetor- 

Sail. 0. Sallustiua Crispus, Auj- 

Serib. Scribonius Largus, />%s- 

Sen. L. Annaaus Seneca, philo- 

Serv. Servins Maurus Honor- 

atus, grammarian, 
Sext. Aur. Vict, v. Aurelius Victor. 
Sii. C. Silius Italicus, />o^, 

Sol C Julius Solinus, gram- 

maria n, 
Spart, JEliixs Spartianns, Wo- 

floruit A.D. 397 

floruit B.C. 44 
floruit B.C. 50 

obiit A.D. 95 

floruit B.C. 44 

floruit A.D. 52 

obiit A.D. 65 

floruit A.D. 412 

floruit A.D. 77 

floruit A.D. 80 

floruit A.D. 293 

I Stat. P. Papinins Statius, poet, 

, Suet. C. Suetonius Tmnquillus, 

j biographer, 

Tac. C. Cornelius Tacitus, his- 


Ter. P. Terentius Afer, writer 

of comedy, 

Tib. Al bius Tibullus, poet, 

Val. Fl. C. Valerius Placcus, poet, 

Val. Max. Valerius Maximus, his- 

Var. M. Terentius Varro, 

writer on husbandry, etc, , 

Veg. P. Vcgetius Renatus, 

writer De Re Militari, 

Veil. P. Velloiiw Paterculus, 


Virg. P. Virgilins Maro, poet, 

Vitr. Vitruvius Pol Ho, writer 

on architecture, 

floruit A.D. 82 

floruit A.D. lie 

obiib A.D. 10S 

obiit B.C. 157 
obiit B.C. 18 
floruit A.D. 78 

floruit A.D. 2ti 

obiit B.C. 20 

floruit A.D. 386 

floruit A.D. 30 
obiit B.C. 17 

flwuit B.G. 10 


N.B.— Matter inclosed within brackets [ ] relates to etymology. 

a. or act., active, -ly. 

abL, ablative. 

absol. orabs., absolute, -ly, i.e. without 
case or adjunct. 

abstr., abstract. 

ace., accusative or according. 

adj., adjective, -ly. 

adjj., adjectives. 

adv., adverb, -ial, -ially. 

advv., adverbs. 

affirm., affirmative, -ly. 

Angl.-S., Anglo-Saxon. 

ante-class., ante-classical. 

up., apud (in). 

art. , article. 

auct., auctor (author). 

c, cum (with). 

3f., confer (compare). 

class., classic, -al. 

comm. or c, common gender. 

comp., comparative. 

(com p.), comparative degree, applying 
only to following example. 

concr., concrete. 

conj.,conjunction,conjunctive, or con- 

constr., construed, -ction, -cted. 

contr., contracted, 

dat., dative. 

decl., declension. 

demonstr.or demonstrat., demonstrat- 

dep., deponent. 

rteriv., derived, -ative, -ation. 

diff., different. 

dim., diminutive. 

dissyl., dissyllable, -able. 

distr., distributive. 

dub., doubtful. 

eccl., ecclesiastical. 

e. g., exempli gratia. 

ellipt., elliptical, -ly. 

esp., especial, -ly. 

etc. , et cetera. 

etym., etymology, -ical. 

euphon., euphonic, -ny. 

ex., exs., example, examples. 

t or fern., feminine. 

fiK., figure, -ative, -atively. 

fin. or ad fin., at the end. 

finit., finite (opp. to infinitive), 

follg., following. 

fr., from. 

Fr., French. 

freq. or fr., frequentative or frequent, 

, -iy. 

; gen., genitive, gender, or general. —in 
gen., in a general sense. 

Germ., German. 

Gr., Greek. 

hibr. , hybrid. 

i. e., id est. 
j i. q., idem quod. 

ib., ibidem. 

id., idem. 

imperat. or imper., imperative, 

imperf., imperfect. 

impers., impersonal, -ly. 

inch., inchoative, inceptive. 

indecl., indeclinable. 

indef., indefinite, 
i indie, indicative. 

inf., infinitive. [ning. 

init., in, or ad init., at the begin- 
, in tens., intensive. 
i interrog., interrogative, -tion. 
I intr., intransitive. 
\ irrog., irregular. 
| Lat., Latin. 

j lit., literal, in a literal sense. 
j m. or masc, masculine. 

medic, medical. 
; meton., by metonymy. 

milit., military, in military affairs. 

mod., modern. 

n. or neut., neuter. 

nom., nominative. 

n. pr. or nom. propr., nomen propr- 

num. or numer., numeral. 

obsol., obsolete. 

onomat., onomatopee. 

opp., opposed to, opposite, opposition. 

orig., originally. 

Pa., participial adjective. 

part., participle. 

pass., passive, -ly, or passage» 

perf., perfect. 

philos., philosophy, -ical. -ieally^ 

plur., plural, 
pluperf., pluperfect, 
poet., poeta, poet, poetical, -ly. 
polit., political, -ly. 
pos., positive, 
preced. or prec, preceding, 
praap. or prep., preposition, 
praipp. or prepp., prepositions, 
prps., perhaps, 
prob., probable, -ly. 
pron., pronoun, 
pronn., pronouns, 
prop., proper, -ly, in a proper sensn 
pro v., proverb, proverbial, -iy. 
prow., proverbs, 
q. v., quod videas. 
reg., regular, -ly. 

rel. or relat., relative. [in rhetoric, 
rhet. or rhetor., rhetoric, rhetorical, 
Rom., Roman, 
sc, scilicet. 

script., scriptor (writer), 
sq.. sequens (and the following), 
s. v., sub voce, 
s. h. v., sub hac voce, 
signif., signifies, -cation, 
simp., simple, 
sing., singular, 
sta., sometimes, 
subj., subjunctive, 
subst., substantive, -ly. 
substt., substantives. 
suff., suffix. 
sup., supine, 
(sup.), superlative degree, applying 

only to following example. 
By 11., syllable. 
1. 1., technical term. 
temp., tense, 
transf., transferred, 
trans., translated, -tion. 
trisyl., trisyllable, -abic. 
uncontr., uncontracted. 
unelid., unelided. 
v., verb, vide, or vox. 
v. h. v., vide hoc verbum. 
voc, vocative. 



1. A 3 a, n. indecl. or /., the first 
fetter of the Latin alphabet : I. In 
compound words a long by nature 
generally remains unchanged ; labor, 
delabor : — a short, or long merely by 
position, is changed either into short 
i ; tango, contingo : or, where it becomes 
long by position, into e; capio, con- 
cipio, conceptum; — sometimes it re- 
mains unchanged ; amo, addmo ; pat- 
iens, impdtiens. II. As an abbreviation 
A.=Aulus: on voting-tablets (to de- 
note the rejection of a proposed law) 
— antiquo: in trials— absolvo (hence 
called litera salutaris in Cic): a.d.= 
ante diem: A.v.c.— anno urbisconditce. 
—As a numeral A =500 ; A =5000. 

2. a, inter j., v. ah. 
S. a, v. ab, 

ab (a, abs), prcep. c. all. [San- 
scrit, apa ; Greek, awo] (Before vowels 
or h, ab is used : but before a conson- 
ant, a is mostly employed : yet some 
of the old writers use abs instead) : I. : 
A. Prop.: Of place : 1. G-en.: From: 
ab exercitu discedit, Caes.; procul a 
terra, Cic; funiculus a puppi relig- 
atus, id. — 2. Esp.: With verbs of 
rest, to denote the side or direction 
from which an object is viewed : At, 
on, in: comix est ab laeva, corvus ab 
dextera, Plaut. B. Fig. : 1. : a. 
Gen.: From: a te di versus, Cic: 
quartus ab Arcesila-, id.: principes a 
Cora, Liv. : id ab re regnum appella- 
tum, id.: a periculo civem defendere, 
Cic. — b. Esp. : (a) To point out an 
agent : From, by, by means of: laud- 
atur ab his, Hor.: anima calescit a 
spiritu, Cic. — Ambiguity, however, 
arises when the verb in the Pass, 
requires ab in the active : si postulatur 
a popnlo, if the people demand it, might 
also mean, if it is required from {—of) 
the people, Cic— (b) To denote a com- 
mencing point, etc: From : a summo 
bibere, to drink in succession from the 
one at the head of the table, Plaut.— (c) 
With words which denote fear, hope, 
etc.: From — on the part of: ei metui a 
Chryside, Ter. : spes a Pomanis, Liv. — 
(d) Of taking vengeance : From— on : 
ulcisci ab aliquo, PL— (e) Of know- 
ing : From=by means of: cognoscere 
ab aliqua re, Cass.— (f) To define the 
respect in which a thing is to be under- 
"tood : From— in relation to, in respect 

to, on the part of: a me pudica est, 
Plaut. — (g) In stating a motive : 
From — out of , on account of : ab singul- 
ari amore, Cic. — (h) Instead of a 
Gen. : From— of : ab fontibus undee, 
Virg,— (j) In stating a part: From 
—of: scuto ab novissimis uni militi 
detracto, Cass. — (k) In adverbial 
phrases : (a) Ab initio, a principio, a 
primo , From or in the beginning, atfirst : 
Cic; Tac; Plaut. — (£) A se, From 
one's self, i. e. of one's own accord, 
spontaneously: Cic. — (y) Abarte, From 
art, i. e. skilfully, with art: Ov. — 
(m) To denote office, etc. (with or 
without servus) : servus a pedibus, a 
footman, Cic. : a maim servus, a 
writer, amanuensis, Suet. — 2. Sentire, 
facere, stare, esse, ab aliquo, To feel, 
act, stand, or be on one's side, i. e. to 
belong to one's party, etc: Plaut.: Cic 
— Hence, to distinguish philosophical 
sects, illi a Platone, those on the part 
or side of Plato, i. e. the Platonic philo- 
sophers, Cic — 3. Of time: a. From, 
after: a concione, Liv. — b. From, 
since: augures a Komulo, Cic : a 
puero, from a boy or boyhood, Ter. 
$£W (a) Sts. ab is separated from its 
case : a nullius tempore, Cic. — (b) 
Put after the word which it governs : 
quo ab, Plaut. II. In composition : 
A. Ab remains unchanged before 
vowels and most of the consonants. 
But, before c, q, and t, abs is used : as, 
abs-condo, abs-que, abs-tineo. — In such 
tenses, etc., of absum as begin with / 
in the simple form, both a and ab 
are found : as, a-fui and ab-fui. — 
Before m and v the form a is mostly 
used : as, a-moveo, a-verto. — Before p 
the form abs (sometimes shortened to 
as) is employed : as, abs-porto and as- 
porto. — B. Signification: 1. Prop.: 
a. From, away, away from: abduco. 
— b. From above, downwards, down : 
abundo. — 2. Fig.: a. From, away: 
abalieno, no. II. — b. In time : From : 
Aborigines. — c. To denote a departure 
or deviation from, also a reversal or 
negation of the force of the simple 
word: abnormis, abjungo. — 3,. Met- 
o n. : In an intensive force, or to denote 
completeness: abutor, no. IL SsIT* In 
words denoting relationship ab marks 
the fourth degree from a person (not in- 
cluded) : abavus, abnepos. 

jibac-tus (for abag-tus), a, urn : 

1. P. of abig-o, through true root 
AJ8AG. — 2. Pa.: (Prop.: Driven away % 
expelled; hence) a. JFig.: (a) Driven 
away from, expelled : abacta Pauper- 
ies epulis, Hor.— (b) Restrained, etc: 
abacta conscientia, Hor. — b. M e t o n. : 
(a) Of time, etc.: Finished, completed : 
nox, Virg. — (b) Of the eyes : Sunken^ 
deep-set, hollow: oculi, Stat. 

abac-us, i, m. [a0a£, a0a.K-os] 1, A 
counting-board, arithmetic table; thePy- 
thagorean multiplication table : Pers. — ■ 

2. A gamin g-bourd, play-board : Suet. 
— 3. A table adorned with Mosaic work , 
for the display of vasts, plate, etc.; a 
sideboard: Cic 

abaHSna-tio, onis, /. [abalien- 
(a)-o] A transfer or alienation of 
property : Cic. 

ab-alien-o, avi, atum, are {Inf. 
Pass, abalienarier, Plaut.), 1. v. a.: I, 
[ab ; alicn-us] (To make alienns from; 
hence): A. Prop.: To remove, separ* 
ate, withdraw : a viro abalienarier, 
Plaut. B. Fig.: 1. To draw off; 
animos ab sensu rerum, Liv. — 2. To 
remove from, deprive of: abalienati 
jure civiurn, Liv. II. [ab; alien-o] 
A. Prop.: Mercantile 1. 1. : To make 
over or transfer from one to another ; 
to alienate, sell, etc.: agrum. Cic. B. 
Fig.: To estrange, alienate: abaliena- 
bantur animi, Liv. 

Xbas, antis, m., Abas: 1. The 
twelfth king ofArgos, son ofLynceus and 
Eypermnestra. — Hence, a. Abant- 
eus, a, urn, adj. Belonging to Abas. 
— b. Abant-i&des, as, m. A de- 
scendant of Abas. — 2. A Centaur. — 

3. A companion of Diomede. — 4. A 
companion of JEneas. — 5. A Tuscan 

ab-avus, i, m.\ I. Prop.: A great- 
great-grandfather : Cic. II, Met on.: 
A forefather, ancestor: Cic. 

Abba, £6, /. Abba; a town of 

Abbassus, i, m, Jbbassus; a town 
of Phrygia Major. 

Abdera, as, /. (orurn, n., Liv.), 
"AjSSrjpa. Abdera; a town on the Thrac- 
ian, coast, noted' for the stupid/ity of its 
inhabitants (now Polystilo or Asperosa), 
—Hence, Abder-ita (-ites), se, nu 
An inhabitant of Abdera, an Abderite, 
—Hence, Abderit-anuG, a,um,«/2?. 



(Prop. : Of, or belonging to, an Abderite ; 
Meton.) Stupid : plebs, Mart. 
abdlca-tlo, onis, /. [abdic(a)-o] 

1 . Of a son : A disinheriting : Quint. 
—2, OH an office : A giving up, abdica- 
tion, resignation : Liv. % Hence, Fr. 

1. ab«dic0,avi, atum, are, 1. v. a, 
(To proclaim one's self removed from 
*my thing ; hence) I.: A. Legal t. t,: 
Of a son : To disinherit: PL — B, To 
disown :pabrem, Curt. II.: A. Politic. 
t. t. : Of aa office : To give up, abdicate, 
resign (with or without Ace. of office): 
dictaturam, Liv.: ut abdicarent, Gic. 
— B. Abdicare se, eic. r aliqua re, To 
lay down or relinquish any thing: Oic. 
«f Hence, Fr. abdiquer, 

2. ab-dico, xi, ctum, cere, 3. v. a.: 
J. Augur, t. t. : To refuse assent to, to 
disapprove of: partes (sc. vinese) ab- 
dicere, Cic. II. To take away by a 
legal sentence: vindicias filial, Liv. 

abdit-e, adv. fabdit-us] Secretly: 

abd°itivus, a, urn, adj. [abd-o] 
(Put away ; hence) Removed, separ- 
ated: Plant. 

abd-Itus, a, um : 1. P. of abd-o. 

2. Pa.: Hidden, concealed, secret: res, 
Cic— As Subst. : abditum, i, n. : a. 
A hidden place : terrai abdita, i. e. the 
bowels of the earth, Lucr. — b, A secret 
or hidden thing: I tor. 

ab»do, didi, ditum, dere, 3. v. a.: 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To put away, 
remove : paullum abeo loco abditas (sc. 
copias), Cass. B. Esp. . With Per- 
sonal pron.: To go away; to take 
one's self off ; to withdraw, retire: sein 
Menapios, Caes. II. Meton.: A. 
Gen.: To hide, conceal: (with Dat.) 
Jateri abdidit ensem, i. e. plunged the 
sword so deeply into his side, that it 
disappeared, Virg. B. Esp.: With 
Personal pron. : To conceal or hide one's 
self by withdrawing ; to withdraw and 
hide: se in silvas, Caes. III. Fig.: 
A. Gen.: To hide, conceal: cupidi- 
fcatern, Liv. B. Esp.: With Per- 
sonal pron.: To plunge or hide one's 
self: me in literas, Cic. : se Uteris, id. 

abdomen, mis, n. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: The paunch, abdomen: Juv. II. 
Fig.: Gluttony , sensuality ', etc.: Cic. 

ab-duco, xi, ctum, cere (Perf. 
hid., abduxti for abduxisti, Plaut.; 
— Jmperat., abduce, id.): I. Prop. : 
To lead or conduct away or from; to 
take or bring with one : A. Gen.: nos 
ab Istro, Ov. B. E s p. : In invitations 
to dinner, etc.: me convivam, as a 
guest, Ter. II. Meton.: A. To take 
away or remove from a place : collegam 
yi de foro, Liv. — B. Of cattle : To 
drive off or steal: PI. — C. Of women : 
Td carry off, abduct: Suet. — D. To 
carry away, draw aside: aliquem e 
foro, Cic. — E. To draw back or away : 
capita ab ictu, Virg. III. Fig.: A. ■ 
To carry off or away : somnos abduxit i 
imago, Ov. — B. To withdraio, remove, 
separate: animum a corpore, Cic. — C 
To turn away or divert from any thing : 
abduci ab institutis, Cic. — D. To re- 
<$uce from a higher rank; to lower, 

degrade: ne ars tanta abduceretur 
ad mercedem, Cic. — E. To seduce, lead 
astray: servulum. Cic. 

abduc-tus, a, um, P. of abduc-o. 

Xbella (Av-), se, /. Abella cr 
Avella ; a town of Campania (now 
Ave! la Vecchia). 

ab-eo, Ivi or ii, ltum, Ire (abin' 
for abisne, Plaut.: abisti for abiisti, 
Ov.: abisse for abiisse, Liv.), v. n.: I. 
Prop. : To go from a place, etc, to go 
away : abiit, excessit, Cic. : (with Sup- 
ine in um): exsulatum, Liv. — Part- 
icular phrase: Abi: 1. Go! goto! 
abi, ludis me, Plaut. — 2. Begone! 
away with you! be off! march! abi, 
nescis inescare homines, Ter. — 3. Abi 
in malam rem, etc., Go and be hanged ! 
Plant. II. Fig.: A. Gen.: To go 
away, depart: abit res a consilio, Nep. 
B. Esp.: 1. In argument: To depart, 
digress : illuc, unde abii, redeo, Hor. — 
2. Of an office : To retire from or re- 
sign: magistratu, Liv. — 3.: a. To pass 
away, disappear, vanish: nausea abiit, 
Cic. — b. Of persons: To depart from 
life, etc.: e vita, Cic. — c. Of time : To 
pass away, elapse: annus, Cic. — 4. To 
deviate or turn aside from ; to leave, 
quit, abandon a duty, purpose, etc.: 
etiam tu hinc abis? i. e. do you too 
abandon my cause? Ter. — Parti- 
cular phrase: Abire ab jure, To 
depart from,i. e. to violate law, etc.: 
Cic. — 5. : a. To be changed, or trans- 
formed: in villos abeunt vestes, Ov. 
— b. To pass over or dissolve into : in 
somnum, Lucr.— d. Of an action : To 
end, terminate, turn out: non posse 
istaBcsic abire, Cic. — 7. In Auctions: 
Abire ab aliquo, To escape one ; to be 
lost, or not come, to one: Cic. — 8. 
Business t. t. : Of price : Retro abire, 
To go back or down; to fall: PI. Ep. 

ab-gqtiito, avi, no sup., are, 1. v. n. 
To ride away : Liv. 

aberra-tio, onis, /. [aberr(a)-o] 
A transient escape or relief: a do lore, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. aberration. 

ab-erro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
I. Prop.: To wander from or away; 
to stray, go astray : qui pecore aberr- 
asset, Liv. II. Fig.: A. To wander, 
deviate, depart from: a regula, Cic. 
— B. To disengage one's self for a brief 
time ; to forget for a time something 
painful, e&.: nihil equidem levor : sed 
tamen aberro, Cic. 

abfore, abforem, etc., v. absum. 

ab-hinc, adv.: 1. From this place, 
hence: Lucr. — 2, From this time back- 
ward, previously, since, ago : Cic. 

ab-horrSo, iii, no sup., ere, 2. v. n. 
and a. : I. Neut. : A . Prop.: To shrink 
back from a thing with shuddering or 
horror: ratio ne, Lucr. — B. Fig.: 1. 
To be averse or disinclined to : Caosaris 
a causa, Cic. — 2. : (To be remote from 
an object, i. e.) a. To vary or differ 
from; to be inconsistent or not to agree 
with: a fide, to be incredible, Liv. (with 
Dat.) : profectioni abhorrent mos, id. [ 
— b. To be free from: suspicione, Cic. ! 
— C. To be unfit, etc. : sin abhorrebit, [ 
Cic. II. Act.: To shudder at; to be i 
frightened or shocked at : ilium, Cic. j 

abici, abicit, v. abjicio. 

abie-gnus (abje-), a, um, adj. 
[for abiet-gnus : fr. abies, abiet-is] 
Made of jir- wood ox deal : trabes, Cic. 

abi -ens, abeuntis, P. of abe-o, 
through true i-oot abi. 

abies, etis, /. (In poets abj* in 
oblique cases) [etym. dub.] I. Prop.: 
The silver fr ; a fir-tree: nigra, i. e. 
with dark foliage, Virg. II. M e t o n. '. 
Of anything made of wood : A. A 
letter (written on a wooden tablet): 
Plaut. — B. A ship: Virg.— G. A spear- 
handle; a spear: Virg. 

ab-igo, egi, actum, igere, 3. v. a. 
[forab-ago] I, Gen.: A. Pro p.: To 
drive off or away : baculo abigere f eras, 
Cic. B. Fig.: To drive aivay, expel: 
curas, Hor. II. Esp.: A. Of cattle : 
To steal and drive away ; to rob of: Cic. 
— B. Of divorce : To repudiate: Suet. 

abi-tio, onis, /. [abi, true root of 
abe-o] A departure: Plaut.; Ter. 

a-bito, no perf. nor sup., Sre, 3. 
v. n. To go away, depart : Plaut. 

abi-tus, us, m. [abi, true root of 
abe-o] I. Pro p. : A going away, re- 
tirement: Cic. II. Meton.: An out- 
let, place of egress : Virg. 

abject-e,a<i#. [abject-us] 1. With- 
out spirit, despondingly : nequid abjecte 
faciamus, Cic— 2. Meanly, abjectly ; 
(Comp.) abjectius nati, Tac. 

abjec-tio, onis,/. [for abjac-tio; 
fr. abjao, true root of abjic-io] 1. A 
throwing away or rejecting : Quint.— 

2. A throwing down: animi, i. e. de- 
spondency, Cic. 

abjec-tus, a, um : [for abjac-tus ; 
fr. abjac, true root of abjic-io] 1. 
P. of abjicio.— 2. Pa. : a. Spiritless, 
desponding, downcast, disheartened : 
(Comp.) animus abjectior, Cic. — b. 
Low, mean, abject: nihil abjectxim,Cic: 
(Sup.) abjectissimus homo, Val. Max. 
•f Hence, Fr. abject. 

ab-jiclo, jeci, jectum, jlcere (Pres. 
Ind. abicit, for abjicit, Juv.:—/??/. 
Pass, abici for abjici, Ov.), 3. v. a. 
[for ab-jacioj I.: A. Prop.: To cast 
from one ; to throw away or to a di- 
stance: abjecto scuto, Cic. B. Fig. : 

1. To cast off, throw away: memoriam 
beneficiorum, Cic— 2. To get rid of, 
shake off: psaltria abjicienda, Ter.— 

3. To throw or fling away ; aedes, i. e. 
to sell at a low price: Plaut.— 4. To 
throw off, cast aside, give up, abandon : 
fama ingenii mihi est abjicienda, Cic 
II. : A. Prop. : 1. Gen. : To throw 
or cast down: anulum in mari, Cic 

2. Esp.: a. With Personal pron. 
or Pass, in reflexive force : To throw 
one's self down: se abjecit exanimatus, 
Cic: socer ad pedes abjectus, id.— b. 
To dash to the ground: beluam, Cic. 
B. Fig.: To cast down, humble, lower ', 
degrade, debase: senatus auctoritatem, 
Cic: se, id. 

ab-judico, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To take away by judgment or sentence: 
I. Prop.: Alexandriam a populo 
Romano, Cic. II. Fig.: sibi liber tat- 
em, Cic 

abjunc-tus, a, um, ffor abjung* 
tus) P. of abjung-o. 



ab-jungo, xi; ctum, gBre, 3. v. a.: 
I. P r o p. : Of cattle : To unyoke, un- 
harness: juvencum, Virg. II. Fig.: 
To separate, detach; aliquem, Cees. 

ab»juro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
{To swear away from one 1 s self ; hence) 
To deny on oath ; to abjure : Sail. : Cic. 
ab-la^tivus, a, urn, adj. [ab; 
root la, whence la-tum ; v. fero init.j 
(Pertaining to taking away; hence) 
Granim. i. t.: Ablative: casus, Quint. 
—As Subst.: ablativus, i, m. {sc. 
casus) The ablative case: Quint, f 
Hence, Fr. ablatif. 
abla-tus, a, urn, [id.] P. of aufero. 
ablega-tio, onis, /. [ableg(a)-o] 
1. A sending away : Liv. — 2. A banish- 
ing or exiling : PL 

ab-lego, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.: 
I. Gen.: To send away, off, or from; 
to remove: pueros venatuni ablegavit, 
Liv. II. Esp.: To banish, exile: Just. 

ab-llgurio (-rr-), ivi, Itum, 
Ire, 4. v. a. {To lick away; hence) To 
consume, waste, squander: bona, Ter. 

ab-loco, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To let out on hire ; to let: domum, Suet. 

ab-ludo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 
3. v. n. (Prop. : To sport away from; 
hence) To differ from, be unlike: ate 
non multum abliidit imago, Hor. 

ab-luo, ui, utum, Qere, 3. v. a. {To 
wash away; hence) I.: A. Prop.: 
To remove by washing ; to wash off, out, 
or aicay : cruorem, Tac B. Fig.: 
1. To remove: perturbationem animi, 
Cic— 2. To expiate, atone for: perjuria, 
Ov. — 3. Of thirst. To wash away; i.e. to 
quench : Lucr. II. To remove filth from 
any thing by washing ; to cleanse, pur- 
ify : pedes, Cic. III. Of streams, etc. : 
To wash away soil, etc.; to carry aivay: 
abluit torrens villas, Sen. 

ablu-tlo, onis, /. [ablu-oj A 
washing, cleansing, ablution: PI. f 
Hcnce^^ Fr. ablution. 

ablu-tus, a, ran, P. of ablu-o. 

ab-nego, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
A> refuse : comitem, Hor. : medicas 
idbibere maims, Virg. 

ab-nepos, otis, m. A great-great- 
gi'andson: Suet. 

ab«neptis, is, /. A great-great- 
r/randdaughtei*: Suet. 

Abnoba, se, m. Abnoba; the Abe- 
nau mountain range in Germany* 

ab-noct-o, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. n. [ab ; nox, noct-is] {To pass the 
night away from a place ; hence) To 
stay out all night: Sen. 

ab-norm-is, e, adj. [ab ; norm-a] 
Deviating from a fixed rule; without 
rule, irregular: sapiens, i. e. who be- 
longs to no sect or school, Hor. 

ab-nuo, ui, ultum or utum, Qere. 
3. v. a. andtt. {To nod away from one ; 
hence) I. Act. : To deny : abnuit a se 
commissum esse facinus, Cic. II. 
Neut.: A. To refuse, decline, forbid: 
non recuso, nee abnuo, Cic. — B. With 
things as subjects : Not to allow ; to be 
unjuvonrable : locus abnuerat, Tac. 

abrm-to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
freq. [abnu-o] To deny often: Plant. 

ab-ol-6o, evi or ui, ttum, ere, 2. 

v» a. [ab ; root ol: v. 1. adoleo init.} 


(Prop. : To reverse or check the g-t owth 
of anything; Fig.): A. To destroy, 
cause to perish : monumenta, Virg. — 
B. Pass.: To die: PI. — C. To takeaway, 
remove,, etc. : Sychseivm (=memoiiam 
Sycheei), Virg. 

ab-61-esco, evi, no sup., escere 
[id.] 3. v. n. {Not to grow; hence) To 
decay, vanish, etc.: memoria aboleve- i 
rat, Liv. 

aboMtio, onis, /. [abol-eo] 1. j 
A taking away ; an abrogating, annull- I 
ing. abolishing: legis, Suet.— 2. {A ' 
putt tug away from the memory; hence) , 
A n a ninesty: ' Suet. *J[ Hence, Fr. abol- \ 
ition. ^ J 

abolla, a3, /. [aju.0oA>7 = dva0oAr?] j 
An abolla; a thick woollen cloak {worn j 
by soldiers and philosophers) : facinus 
majoris abolla? , i. e. a crime committed 
by a very grave philosopher, Juv. 

ab-omln-o, no perf., atum, are, 
1. v. a. [ab ; omen, omin-is] I. Prop. 
(=abominor, no. II.): To abhor, detest, 
abominate: parentibus abominatus, 
Hor. II. Me ton.: To dread; to try 
to escape : multam abomina, Plaut. 

ab-oinin-or, atus sum, ari, 1. 
v. dep. [id.] {To cast an omen off or 
away from one ; hence) I. To deprec- 
ate any thing : Liv. II. To wish away ; 
to abhor, detest, abominate: Liv. 

Ab-origin-es, um, m. [ab ; origo, 
origin-is] {Those from the beginning; 
hence) The Aborigines; the original 
inhabitants; also, ancestors: Cic; Pi. 
ab-orior, tus or sus sum, rri, 4. 
v. dep.: I.: {Not to rise; hence) A. 
Prop.: Of the heavenly bodies : To 
set, disappear: Var. B. Fig.: Of the 
voice: To fail: Lucr. II.: (Prop.: 
Not to be born ; Meton.) To miscarry, 
give untimely birth, etc.: PI. 

abori-seor, no perf., sci, 3. dep. 
inch, [abori-or] (Prop.: To miscarry; 
Meton.) To perish, be destroyed: Lucr. 
abor-sus, a, um, P. of abor-ior. 
abor-tio, onis, /. [abor-ior] A 
giving untimely birth; miscarriage: Cic 
abort-ivus, a, um, adj. [2. abort- 
us] {Pertaining to abortus ; hence) 
1. Born prematurely : Sisyphus, Hor. 
— 2. Producing miscarriage: PI. — As 
Subst. : abortivum, i, n. {sc. medi- 
camentum) A drug or potion causing 
miscarriage : Juv. 

1. abor-tus, a,um,P. of abor-ior. 

2. abor-tus, (is, m. [abor-ior] 
I. Prop.: A miscarry ing, miscarriage: 
Ter.; Cic. II. Meton.: A. Of atree : 
Dwarfed or stunted growth : PI,- B. In 
writing: An unfinished piece: PL 

ab-rado, si, sum, dere, 3. v. a. : 

I. Prop.: A. Gen. : To scratch or 
scrape away ; to rub off: quidquam 
membris, Lucr. — B. Esp. : Of the 
hair, etc. : To shave : supercilia, Cic. 

II. Fig.: To snatch awau, extort: Cic. 
abra-sus (for abrad-sus), a, um, 

P. of abrad-o. 

abrep-tus (for abrap-tusO, a, um, 
P. of abrip-io, through true root 


ab-rlplo, rTpM, reptum, ripere, 
3. v. a. [for ab-rapio] I. Prop.: A. 
G-en. : Te seize and carry off from; 

to drag or carry forcibly away : te seelus 
procul a terra abripuit , Cic. B. E s p. : 
With Personal pron. : To run or scamp- 
er away; to take to one's heels: sese 
subito, Plaut. II. Fig. : A. Of pro- 
perty : To dissipate, run through, 
squander: Ter. — B. To rend away: 
filiiim a parentis similitudine, i. e. to 
make tinlike, Cic 

ab-r5do, si, sum, dere, 3. v. a. To 
gnaw off or away: nnguem, Pers. 

abrbga-tio, onis, /. [abrog(a)-o] 
An annulling or repealing of a law: 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. abrogation. 

ab-r5go, avi, atum, are, I. v. a. I. 
Polit. 1. 1. : To annul, repeal, abrogate 
a law by an appeal to the people: 
legem populi suffragiis, Cic. : (follow- 
ed by Dat.) antiqua? {sc. legi) abrogat 
nova (sc.iex), Liv. II.: A. Prop.: 
To take away a magistracy ; to deprive 
a magistrate of office: tibi magistra- 
tum,Cic B. Fig.: To take away, de- 
prive {one) of: alicui fidem, Cic. % 
Hence, Fr. abroger. 

abro-sus (for abrod-sus), a, um, 
P. of abrod-o. 

abrotonum, i, n.; -ns, i, m.^a- 
PpoTovor, Abrotonum or abrotonus ; a 
plant of a pleasant, aromatic smell; 
southernwood: Hor. 

ab-rumpo, rupi, ruptum, rump- 
ere, 3. v. a. I. P ro p. : To breaicoff or 
away from; to tear away, rend asund- 
er: vincula Pirithoo, Hor. II. Met- 
on.: To separate from. ; to part, divide: 
orc'ines, Tac. III. Fig.: A.: 1. Of 
discourse, etc. : To break off: sermon- 
em, Virg.— 2. Of law, etc. To violate: 
fas, Virg.— 3. Of life, etc.: To tear or 
rend away; to destroy: vitam, Virg.— 
4. To tear or take away from one : 
omnibus abruptis, Liv. — 5. To tear 
away from the sight ; to hide : abrupto 
sidere, Virg. — B. To separate, sever: 
legio se latrocinio Antonii abrupit, 

abrupt-e, adv. [abrupt--us] 1.: 
(Prop.: After the manner of that which 
is torn away: Fig.) Hastily, impetu- 
ously, abruptly: Just. — 2. Of speech; 
Abruptly: Quint. 

abrtip-tio, onis, /. Tabrup, true 
root of abrufm)p-o] A breaking or 
tearing off, a rending asunder: I, 
Prop.: corrigise, Cic. II. Fig.: 01 
divorce: Cic. 

abrup-tus, a, um, 1. P. of ab- 
ru(m)p-o.— 2.P«.r a. Prop.: {Broken 
off from ; hence) Precipitous, steep : 
locus, Liv. : {Comp.) abruptius, PL : 
{Sup.) abruptissimas ripas, id. — Aa 
Subst. : abruptum, i, n. : (a) Pro p.: 
(a) A steep spot, a precipice : PL — (0) Oi 
waters: The bottom, the lower depths: 
Virg. — (b) Fig.: A precipice : i. e. (a) 
A dangerous position, great danger: 
Tac— (0) An uneven or dangerous 
course of life,etc: Tac— b. Fig.: (a) 
Of speech : Broken, disconnected, ab' 
rupt: Quint. — (b) VvyieUhng, unbend- 
' ing : contumacia, Tac. ^ Hence, Fr. 
: abrupt. 
| abs, v. ab. 

j abs-cedo, cessi, cessum, cedere, 3. 

i V. n. I, G e n. : To go auny, d part ; A. 




Prop. : conspectu, Plant. : a curia, 
Liv. : Sparta, Nep. : (Jmpers. Pass.) 
aoscessum est, Liv. B. F i g. : ab to 
ira abscedet, Ter. II. E s p. : A. To 
escape (from danger) : latere tecto, 
Ter. — B. To desert one; to be lost or 
fail one : Pallada abseossissemihi, Ov. 
— C. To desist: incepto, Liv.— D. Of 
the heavenly bodies : To set: PI. 

absces-sft'o, onis, /. [for absced- ! 
sio ; fr. absced-o] (Prop. : A going ' 
awaij ; Fig.) A diminishing, diminu- 
tion, etc.: Cic. 

absces«b?is, us, m. [forabsced-sus; 
fr. absced-o] 1 . A going away, depart- 
ure, absence: eolis, Cic. — 2. An abscess: 
Cels. «IT Hence, Fr. absces. 

abs-cldo, cidi, cisum, cidere, 3. v. 
a. ffor abs-credo] To cut of or away. 
I. Prop.: c:irvicibus caput abscidit, 
Cic. II. Fig.: spem, Liv. 

ab-scindo, scidi, scissum, scind- 
ere, 3. v. a. I. P r o p. : To tear off or 
away ; to tear apart, sever: tunicam a 
pectore, Cic. : (Pass, with Gr. Ace.) 
flaventes abscissa comas, Virg. II. 
Fig.: To tear or rend away from one; 
to deprive one of : reditus, Hor. III. 
Meton. : To separate, part, divide : 
Oceano Terras, Hor. 

absci-sio, onis,/. [for abscid-sio ; 
fr. abscid-o] A breaking off in a dis- 
course : Auct. Her. 

abscis-sus (for abscid-sus), a, urn, 
P. of absci(n)d-o. 

absd-sus (for abscid-sus), a,um: 1. 
P. of abscid-o.— 2. Pa. : (Cut off) hence) 
a. Prop. : Steep, abrupt, precipitous: 
sax urn, Liv. — b. Fig.: Abrupt, short: 
(Comp.) abscisior justitia, Val.Max. 

abscondit-e, adv. [abscondit-us] 
Of speech : 1. Obscurely, abstrusely: 
Cic. — 2. Profoundly : Cic. 

abscond-i'tus, a, um: 1. P. of 
abscond-o. — 2 . Pa. : Hidden, concealed, 
secret, unknown : insidiae, Cic. 

abs-condo, di and didi, dXtxxmand 
sum, dere, 3. v. a. I. Prop.: A. 
Gr e n. : To put out of sight, secrete, con- 
ceal: studiosius absconditur, Cic. B. 
Esp. : Of the heavenly bodies : Pass. 
in reflexive force : To hide, disappear, 
vanish, set: Atlandides abscondantur, 
Virg. II. Melon. : Of places as ob- 
jects: To lose sight of, leave behind: 
Phgeacum arces, Virg. III. Fig.: A. 
To conceal, hide : furto f ugam, Virg. — 
B. To leave behind: pueritiam, Sen. 

abscon-sus (for abseond-sus), a, 
um, P. of abscond-o. 

abs-ens, entis, P. of ab-snm. 

absent-la, a),/, [absens, absent-is] 
Absence: Cic. f Hence, Fr. absence. 

ab-silio, ii, or ui, no sup., ire, 4. 
».«. and a. [forab-salio] I. Neut.: To 
leap or spring away: Lncr. II. Act.: 
To spring away from: nidos, S:at. 

ab-similis, e, adj. ; Unlike, dissim- 
ilar: (with Pat.) non absimilis Tib- 
erio, Suet.: (with Gen.) falcium, Cais. 

absinthium, ii, n. ~ o^LvQloi', 
Wormwood : I. P r o p. : P J . II. F i g. : 
Of anything bitter, but wholesome : 
Quint, f tierce, Fr. absinthe. 

absis (aps-), idis,/. = ai/a?, 1. An 
Wrch or vault: PL— 2. The curvature 

or turning point (of a planet's orbit), ' 


ab-sisto, stlti, no sup., sistere, 3. 
v. n. I. Prop.: To stand away or 
apart from; to withdraw, depart, ox go 
away from: ab signis, Caes. : luco, 
Virg. II. Fig.: To desist or cease 
from; to leave off: obsidione, Liv.: 
sequendo, id.: benefacere, id. 

absolut-e, adv. [absolut-us] Com- 
pletely, perfectly, fully: pares, Cic: 
(Comp.) absolutius, Macr.: (Sup.) ab- 
solutissime, Auct. Her. 

abs51u»tlo, onis, /. [for absolv- 
tio ; fr. absolv-o] 1. : Law 1. 1. : An 
acquitting, acquittal: Cic. — 2.: a. Com- 
pletion, completeness, perfection: ra- 
tionis, Cic. — b. Bhet. 1. 1. : Fulness, 
completeness: Cic. % Hence, Fr. ab- 

absolti-tus (for absolv-tus), a, um, 
1. P. of absolv-o.— 2. Pa. : a.: (Prop.: 
Untied; Fig.) Unfettered, unconditional: 
necessitudines, Cic. — b. : (a) Prop.: 
Completed, finished ; brought to a close : 
vita, Cic.-— ( b) Fig.: Complete, perfect : 
(Comp.) os absolutius, Quint.: (Sup.) 
absolutissima argumentatio, Auct. 

ab-solvo, vi, utum, vero, 3. v. a.: 
I.: A. Prop.: 1. Gen.: To loose 
from something ; to tin bind, tin fasten, 
untie, detach: absoluta (sc. lingua) a 
gutture, PL— 2. Esp.: Of structures, 
etc.: Pass. Part.: Fallen to pieces, de- 
molished : porticus absoluta casu, 
Mart. B. Fig.: 1. To set free, clear, 
extricate, etc.: a Fannio se, Cic. — 2. 
Law t. t.: To absolve, acquit, declare 
innocent or free, etc. : eum injuriarum, 
Auct. Her.: de prevaricatione, Cic. — 
3. To free a thing from punishment ; 
to pardon: Mem, i.e. pardoned their 
fidelity (to Otho), Tac— 4.: a. To 
bring to a conclusion or close; to com- 
plete, finish: earn partem, Cic— b. 
Of a statement, etc. : To bring to a con- 
clusion, relate briefly: paucis absolvere, 
Sail. II. To pay and get rid of: ho- 
minem, Ter. % Hence, Fr. absoudre. 
ab-son-us, a, um. adj. [ab ; son-o] 
(Differing in sound; hence) 1. Out of 
tune, discordant, harsh : vox, Cic — 2 . 
Not harmonizing, incongruous, unsuit- 
able: a voce, Liv.: (with Pat.) for- 
tunis absona dicta, Hor. 

ab-sorbeo, bfii (psi, Lucr.), ptum 
bere, 9, v. a.: I. Prop.: Of personal 
subjects : To swallow up, gulp down, 
devour: placentas, Hor. II. Met- 
o n.: To engulph, absorb, suck up, etc.: 
oceanus vix videtur tot res absorbere 
potuisse, Cic. III. Fig.: A. To en- 
gulph, absorb, suck up : res, Cic — B. 
To absorb; to carry off, or away : ab- 
sorbet orationem meam, i. e. wishes 
me to treat of him alone, Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. absorber. 

absorp-tlo, (absor-tlo), onis,/. 

[for absorb-tio ; fr. absorb-eo] (Prop.: 

A sticking down; Meton.) A drink, 

I beverage : Suet, f Hence, Fr. ab- 


abspello, absporto, etc., v. asp. 

abs-qne, prvep.c. Abl.\ 1. Without: 

absque argumento ac sententia, Cic. 

— 2. Excepted, except, absque paadt 

syllabis, Cell. 

abs-tem-ius, a, um, adj. [abs.: 
root tem.; v. temetum in it."] (Not 
being wet or moistened with wine, etc., 
hence) I. Prop.: Abstaining front in- 
toxicating drink, temperate: gaudet- 
que meris abstemius undis, Ov. II. 
Meton.: A. Temperate, abstinent* 
moderate: abstemius herbis Vivis 
Hor. — B. Abstemious, at which no win* 
is drunk: prandium, Gell. 

abs-tergeo, si, sum, gere, 2. v. a.; 
abs-tergo, ere, 3. v. a. (Perf. 2nd. 
abstersti for abstei'sisti, Cat.) I. 
Prop.: A. Gen.: To wipe away: 
sudorem, Pluut. B. Esp.: To wips 
away something wet from a thing ; 
hence, to wipe dry, to dry by wiping : 
labella articulis, "Cat. II. Fig.: To 
wipe out, expel, drive away, obliterate, 
remove: dolorem,Cic. III. Meton.; 
To break or dash to pieces : remos, Curt. 

abs-terreo, id, Itum, ore, 2. v. a. 

1. Prop.: To frighten away, deter by 
fear: nemitiem a congi-essu meo, Cic. 
II. Meton.: To take away, remove, 
etc.: auctum,Lucr. 

abster-sus, a, um (for absterg- 
sus) , P. of absterg-eo. 

abstlne-ns, ntis: 1. P. of abs- 
tine-o. — 2. Pa. : Keeping back from 
what is unlawful, etc., abstinent, tem- 
perate: esse abstinen tem, Cic: (Comp.) 
abstinentior,Aus.: (with Gen.) (Sup.) 
abstinentissimus alieni, PL ^[ Hence, 
Fr. abstinent. 

abstinen-ter, adv. [for abstinen t- 
ter, fr. abstinens, abstinent-is] Ab- 
stinently, moderately, temperately : Cic. 

abstlnent-ia, se, /. [abstinens, 
abstinent-is] 1. An abstaining from 
something wrong ; abstinence, modera- 
tion, self-restraint: Cic. — 2. An abstain- 
ing from food; abstinence, fasting: 
Tac; PL ^[ Hence, Fr. abstinence. 

abs-tineo, tmui, tentum. tmsre, 

2. v. a. and n. [for abs-teneo] I. Act. : 
A. Prop.: To hold or keep aivay 
from ; to hold or keep off: ab alienia 
manus, Cic. — Particular phrase: 
Abstinere manum a se, To refrain 
from suicide : Cic B. Fig.: l.Gen.: 

To restrain, withhold : Latinos a lega- 
tis violandis, Liv. — 2. Esp.: With 
Personal pron.: To restrain one^sself : 
to refrain, keep off or away : me os- 
treis, Cic : se abstincbant, ne off error c, 
Liv. II. Neut.: A. To refrain, ab- 
stain: injuria, Cic: quin castra op- 
pugnent, Liv.: invidere, Plaut.: (with 
Gen.) irarum, Hor.— B. To abstain 
from food: Cels. f Hence, Fr. (s') 

ab-sto, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. To stand away or aloof: Hor. 

abstrac-tns (for abstrah-tus), a, 
um, P. of abstrah-o. 

abs-traho, xi, ctum, here (Perf 
Inf. abstraxe for abstraxisse, Lucr.), 

3. v. a.: I. Prop.: To draw or drag 
away: te gestus in altum abstraxit, 
Cic. II. Fig.: A.: 1. Gen.: 2V 
draw off or away ; to withdraw, remove: 
invitum, Lucr.: (without Object) _ a 
rebus gerendis abstrahit senectus, Cics, 



—2. Esp.: Te withdraw, detach, etc., 
from a party, etc, copias a Lepido, 
Cic— B. To drag or plunge into dan- 
ger, etc.; paternis adversis abstractus 
foret, Tac.— C. To release or free: 
aliquem a solicitudine, Cic. 

abs-trudo, usi, u?.um, Mere, 3. 
v. a. { To thrust away from one ; hence) 
I. G e n. : To hide, conceal : A. P r o p. : 
aurura, Plant. B. Pig.: in pro- 
fundo veritatem, Cic. II. Esp. : 
Witli Pci*sonal pron. : To hide or con- 
ceal one's self: me in silvam abstrusi, 
Cic. : latebra sese abstrudunt, Tac. 

abstru-sus (for abstrud-sus), a, 
um : 1» P. of abstrud-o. — 2. Pa.: 
Hidden, concealed: a. Prop.: abs- 
trusus terras, Veil. — Particular 
phrase: In abstruso, In concealment : 
Plaut. b. Pig-: {Comp.) disputatio 
abstrusior, Cic. "j[ Hence, Fr. abstrus. 

ab-sum, * iii, esse (instead of abf ui, 
abforem, et-., afui, aforem, etc., are 
also found; — Gen. Plur. Part. Pres.: 
absentum for absentium, Plaut.), v. n. 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To be away 
from ; to be absent or distant : ex urbe, 
Cic: ut ab urbe abesset millia pas- 
suum ducenta, id.: castra, quas abe- 
rant bidui, id.: tres menses, Ter. - 
Peculiar combination : Absente 
nobis for absente me, Ter. B. Esp.: 
Not to be present in public canvassings ; 
i. e. not to appear as a competitor : 
deligere consul absens, Cic. II. Pig.: 

A. To be away or removed from a 
thing : a natura ferarum, Cic — 
Particular phrases: l.Tantum 
abest, etc. . . . ut (c. Subj.), Is (etc.) so 
far from . . . that: Cic. — 2. Longe 
abesse, ut (c. Subj.), To be a long way 
off from doing, etc.: Cic — 3. Procul 
absit, May it be afar off; i. e. may it be 
averted; Heaven avert it, etc: Stat.— 

B. To be free from: amolestiis, Cic. 
— C. {To be away or removed from a 
a thing in respect of quality : hence) 
1. To be different from: a consuetud- 
ine somniorum, Cic— 2. To be less 
than, to be inferior to: multum ab iis 
aberat, Cic — D. To be disinclined: 
ab istis studiis, Cic — E, To keep 
aloof: a periculis, Sail. — F. Not to be 
present; i. e. to be wanting: abest his- 
toria Uteris nostris, Cic. — P articul- 
ar phrase: Haud multum, etc., 
abest, etc., quin (c. Subj.): Not much, 
etc, is wanting, etc., but that or to: 
Liv.; Cic— G. To be wanting {to a 
person); i. e. not to stand by or assist 
{one); to fail, be of no aid {to one): 
absentibus nobis, Cic. : a me, id. : An- 
tonio, id. 

absum-edo, mis, /. [absum-o] A 
e&nsuming ; consumption: Plaut. 

ab-suino, mpsi, mptum, (better 
than msi, mtum), mere, a. v. a. I.: 
A. P r ) p. : To take away : dentes in 
cornua absumi, i. e. are taken away 
and absorbed into, PI. B. Me ton. : 
1, To devour, consume: absumetheres 
Caecuba, Hor. — 2.: a. Of things as 
objects: To destroy wholly, consume, 
lay waste: flammis Carthaginem, Liv. 
— b. Of persons as objects : To kill, 
destroy, ttc: me ferro, Y\rg. C. 

Fig.: 1.: a. Of property, etc.: To 
devour, consume, etc: rem, Plaut. — b. 
Pass.: Of persons: (a) To be lost or 
undone: absumpti sumus, Plaut. — 
(b) In reflexive force : To destroy one's 
self; to perish, be undone: absumptus 
paene es, Plaut. — c. To consume or 
waste by care, etc.: cura et sumptu 
absumitur, Ter. — d. To waste, wear 
away, or spend time, etc.: dicendo 
tempus, Cic. — 2. To consume, exhaust, 
etc.: mora vires, Ov. II. To take ex- 
ceedingly or to the utmost extent : satie- 
tatem, Ter. 

absran-ptus, a,um,P. of absum-o. 

absurd-8, adv. [absurd-us] 1. Ir- 
rationally, absurdly: Cic — 2. Dis- 
cordantly: Cic. 

ab-surdus, a, um, adj.: 1. Ir- 
rational, absurd, silly, sense less, stupid : 
{Comp.) quo quid absurdius, Cic: 
{Sup.) absurdissima mandata, id. — 2. 
( Very dull-sounding ; hence) Giving a 
disagreeable sound ; out of tune, harsh, 
etc : vox, Cic *|[ Hence, Fi\. absurde. 

Absyrtus, i, m., "AxpvpTos, Ab- 
syrtus ; a son of Jietes, king of Colchis, 
killed by his sister Medea. 

abunda-ns, ntis, 1. P. of ab- 
und(a)-o.— 2. Pa. : a. Abounding in 
any thing : lactis abundans, Virg. : 
{Comp.) abundantior consilio, Cic. : 
{Sup.) copia rerum abundantissimus, 
id. — b. Mich: Cic *|f Hence, Fr. 

abundan-ter, adv. [forabundant- 
ter ; fr. abundans, abundant-is] I. 
Gen.: Abundantly, copiously : { Comp, } 
abundantius, Cic: {Sup.) abundant- 
issime, PI. II. Esp.: Of speech : 
Amply, at large: abnndanter loqui, Cic 

abundant-ia, aa, /. [abundans, 
abundant-is] 1.: a. Gen. : An over- 
flowing: Vitr.; PL — b. Esp.: Of 
the stomach: Over-fulness: Suet. — 2. 
Abundance, fulness, profusion, rich- 
ness: rerum, Cic— 3. Riches, wealth. 
Tac % Hence, Fr. abondance. 

abund-e, ado. [abund-us] Copi- 
ously, abundantly, in profusion ; in a 
very great ox high degree, amply, etc.: 
quibus mala abunde omnia erant, 
Sail.: (with Gen.) fraudis, Virg. 

ab-tind-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. h. 
[ab ; und-a] {To water from above ; 
hence) I. Prop.: Of liquids: To over- 
flow : quando aqua Albana abundasset, 
Liv. II. Fig. : A. To overflow; i. e. 
be very abundant or numerous ; to be in 
abundance: de terris Herbarum genera, 
Lucr. — B. To overflow with; to have 
an abundance or superabundance of : 
villa abundat porco, haedo, agno, Cic 
— C. To be rich; to have abundance: 
egcntes abundant, Cic % Hence, Fr. 

abu-slo, onis,/. [for abut-sio ; fr. 
abut-or] A wrong use of words : Cic 

ab-nsque, prcep. c. Abl. From, 
even from: Of place or time : abusque 
Pachyno, Virg. : abusque mane, Plaut. 

1. abii-sus, us, m. [for abut-sus ; 
fr. abut-or] A using up or consuming 
of a thing : Cic 

2. abu-sus (for abut-sus), a, um, 
P, of abut-or. 

ab-utor, usus sum, [ fci, 3. v. de^ 
I.: A. Gen. : To misuse, a'buse; mi 
to a wrong purpose or end: sa/ientianij 
Plaut. : patientia nostra, Cic B. 
Esp.: Rhetor, i. t.: To employ in a 
wrong way; to misapply: verbis, Cic, 
II.: A. Gen.: To use completely ox to 
the end; to use thoroughly ; to use, em- 
ploy: vim, Lucr.: libertate, Cic. B. 
Esp. : To use up in a bad way ; to 
squander, waste, consume, etc : rem 
patriam, Plaut. Iggr In Pass, force i 
abusa, Plaut. % Hence, Fr. abuser. 

Abydus (-dos), i,/. and m., v Aj8u- 
8o?. Abydus or Abydos; a, town in Asia^ 
opposite JSestos (now Avido).— Hence, 
Abyd-enus, a, um, adj., Of Abydus, 
-—As Subst. : 1. Abydenus, i, m. 
{sc. homo) The man of Abydos, i. e. 
Leander: Ov.— 2. Abydeni, orum, 
m. {sc. incolas), The inhabitants of 

ac, v. atque. 

Academia, ae, /. 'AtcaSryxeia. I. 
Prop. : The Academy; a gymnasium 
near Athens, named after the hero Aca* 
demos.— Hence, Academ-icus, i, m. 
{sc. philosophus), An Academic philo- 
sopher: Cic. II. Me ton.: A. The 
philosophy of the Academy: Cic. — B. 
Academia, an estate of Cicero, between 
Lake Avernus and Puteoli; also, a 
building, etc., at Tusculum; PL; Cic 
—Hence, Academ-icus, a, um, adj., 
Of, or belonging to, Cicero's Aca- 
demia : qmestio, Cic — As Subst.: 
Academica, orum, n. {sc. scripta) 
The Academics: Cic. «if Hence, Fr. 

Academus,i,m. 'AKd8tnxo<;,Aca- 
dem us ; a Greek hero : Hor. 

acalanthis, tdis, f. — aKa\av9C<;, 
The acalanthis; \n\)s.the thistle-finch of 
gold-finch : Virg. 

Acamas, antis, m., 'Atcdixas (The 
untiring one) Acamas; a son of The- 
seus and Pfuedra : Virg. 

a can this, Idis, /. = aealani his. 

Aeantho, us, /. Acantho ; the 
mother of Apollo. 

acanthus, i, m. and /. — ««ai-flo? : 
1. Masc : The plant bear 's-breech, 
bear's-foot, or brank-ursine : Virg. — 2. 
Fern. : The acanthus; a thorny ever- 
green tree m Egypt: Virg. «jf Hence, 
Fr. acanthe. 

acapnos, on. adj. — aicairvos. With- 
out smoke, smokeless: ligna, Mart. 

Acarnan, anis {Ace. Acarnana, 
Liv. ) , adj. Of Acarnania, Acarnanian. 
— As Subst., Acamanes, um, m. 
{Ace. Acarnanas, Liv.) The inhabitants 
of Acarnania. 

Acarnania, se, /. 'Axapvavta, 
Acarnania ; a province of Central 
Greece (now Carnia). — Ilence, Acar- 
naniens, a, um, adj. Acarnanian. 

Acastus, i,m. Acastus.—l. Son of 
Pelias, king of Thessaly.—2. One of 
Cicero's slaves. 

Acca, se,/. [Sanscrit = mater] Acca: 
) 1. Acca Larentia ; the wife of tfu 
| shepherd Faust ulus, who reared Romu- 
I lus and Remus. — 2. A companion oj 
\ Camilla. 

I Accalla, Jum, n. (Things pertain- 
b 3 



tog to Acca; hence) The Accalia, or 
festival of Acca Larentia. 

ac-cedo, cessi, cessum, eedere 
(Per/. Ind., accestis for accessistis, 
V irg. ),o.v.n. [for ad-cedo] I. P r o p. : 
A. Gen.: To go towards, draw near, 
approach: ad hominem, Plaut. : in 
senatum, Cic: (with Ace. dependent 
on prep, in verb) scopulos, Yirg. — 
Particular phrases : 1. Auction 
t. t.: Acoedere ad hastam, To approach 
to the spear, i. e. to appear as a bidder, 
Liv. — 2. Aocedcre ad maims, To ap- 
proach to hands, i. e. to come to close 
quarters, Nop. B. E s p. : To approach 
in a hostile manner ; to make an attack: 
to assault, assail: ad cohortes, Cic. 
II. Pig-: A. To approach, draw near: 
ad aures sermo acccssit, Ter. — B. 
To fall to ones share, to befall, to hap- 
pen to: nobis accedit incommodum, 
Cic— C. To be added: Cassio animus 
accessit, Cic. : (Inipers.) ad Ciaudii 
senectutem acoedebat, ut caucus esset, 
id.— D. To accede to, assent to, approve: 
G alba speciosiora suadentibus accessit, 
Tac— E. To come near in resemblance, 
to be like: homines ad Deos nulla re 
propius accedunt, quam, etc., Cic. — 
F. To come to the possession of any 
thing, to take iqion one's self, to enter 
upon: in infarniarn, Plant.: ad rem- 
publicam, to enter upon the government 
of the state, or upon a public office, Cic. 
— G. Of price . To rise, advance : PI. 
% Hence, Fr. accMe*~ 

A hastening, acceleration : Auct. Her. 
% Hence, Fr. acceleration. 

ac-celero (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. and n. [for ad-celero] I. Act.: 
To hasten, accelerate: iter, Cass. II. 
Neut. : To haste, make haste : accelera, 
signifer, Liv. f Hence, Fr. acce'l- 

ac-cen-do, di, sum, dere, 3 v. a. 
[prob. for ad-can-do ; fr. ad ; root can, 
akin to Gr. Ka-w, «a-tw ; cf. canns in it.] 
I. Prop.: To set on fire, kindle, etc.: 
tan turn ignem, Virg. II. Meton.: 
A. To heat, cause to boil, etc. aquas, 
Sil. — B. To light up, illumine, illu- 
minate. HI. Fig.: A. To inflame a 
person or tiling ; to set on fire, kindle, 
rouse: certain en, Liv.: quos merita 
accendit Mezentius ira, Virg.— B. %> 
increase or augment: accendit fragil- 
itas pretinm. Sen. 

ac-censeo, ui, itum or um, ere, 
2 v. a. [for ad-censeo] To reckon in 
addition to something else ; to add to : 
in his oornicines, Liv.: accenseor illi, 
i. e. 1 am his companion, Ov. 

1. acccn-sus (for accens-sus), a, 
urn: 1. P. of accens-co. 

2. accen-sus (for accend-sus), a, 
um, P. of accend-o. 

3. accens»us, i, m. [accens-eo] 
(One who is attached to another as an 
attendant; hence) 1. A public officer, 
whose duty it was to summon persons 
to court, maintain order, etc.; an ap- 
yaritor, attendant: Cic. ; Suet.— The 
person to whom one is accensus, is 
put in Hat.'. Neroni, Cic— 2* Plur.: 
Accensi (supernumeraries, or reserve 

troops, to take the place of those who fell 
in battle) : Liv. 

accep-tio, onis,/. [for accap-tio ; 
fr. accai', true root of accip-io] A 
receiving, or accepting : Cic. ; Sail. 
f Hence, Fr. acception. 

accep»to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
freq. [for accap-to ; fr. id.] To take, 
receive, or accept: argon turn, Plaut. 
*jf Hence, Fr. accepter. 

accep»tor, oris, m. [for accap-tor ; 
fr. id.] One who admits a thing as 
true, grants or approves it : Plaut. 

accep-trix, icis,/. [for accap-trix; 
fr. id.] She who receives : Plaut. 

accep-tam, i, n. [for accap-tum ; 
fr. id.] That which has been received ; 
receipts . tabulas expensi et recepti, 
Cic. — Particular phrase: In ac- 
eeptum referre alicui, To set down a 
thing to any one (i. e. to his account) as 
received; to place to one's credit : Cic. 

accep-tus (for accap-tus), a, um 
[fr. id.] 1. P. of accipio,— 2. Pa.: Wel- 
come, agreeable, acceptable: id gratum 
acceptumque, Cic: (Comp.) acccptior 
omnibus, Liv.: (Sup.) acceptissimus 
militum animis, id. 

accers, v. arcess. 

aeces-sio, onis, /. [for acced-sio ; 
fr. acced-o] 1.: a. A going, or coming, 
to or near to; an approach: Cic. — b. 
Medical t. t.\ The attack, ov paroxysm 
(of a fever) : Cels. — 2. : a. Prop. : 
An increase, addition : fortunae et dign- 
itatis, Cic — b. Meton.: (a) Conor.: 
An addition, a new part, etc.: Cic — • 
(b) Rhet. 1. 1.: An addition that makes 
a given definition complete : Cic. <fl" 
Hence, Fr. accession. 

acces»sus, us, m. [for acced-sus ; 
fr. acced-o] I. Prop.: A going, or 
coming, to or near; an approach : solis, 
Cic. II. Fig. : An approaching : ad 
causam, Cic. III. Meton.: A. A 
means of approach, access, admittance: 
da, precor, accessum lacrimis, Ov. — B. 
An entrance : Yirg. ^[ Hence, Fr. acces. 

accid-ens, entis, P. of 2. accid-o. 

accident-la, se, /. [accidens, ac- 
cident-is] That which happens or occurs ; 
a casual event, accident : PI. f Hence, 
Fr. accidence., cidi, cisum, cldere, 3. 
v.a. [for ad-eeedo] I.: A. Prop.: To 
cut completely : crines, i. e. to cut close, 
Tac B. Meton. : Of food, etc. : To 
consume : dapes, Virg. II. : A. Prop.: 
To hew or cut : arbores, Cass. B . F i g. : 
To weaken, impair: res hostium, Liv. 

2. ac-cido, cicli, no sup., cidere, 3. 
v. n. [for ad-cado] I. Prop.: A. 
Gen. : To fall upon or down upon; to 
reach by falling: in mensas, Ov. — 
Particular phrase: Of a sup- 
pliant : Accidere genibus or ad pedes, 
To fall at one's knees or feet: Liv.; Cic. 
B. Esp.: Of missiles: To fall upon, 
reach, strike, hit the mark, etc. Cass. 
II. Fig.: A. Of speech, the voice, etc. 
To fall upon, reach, enter the ear, 
mind, etc. : airimo nostro simulacra 
Accidere, Lucr.— B. To fall upon; i. e. 
to be true of, suit, fit (some one) : istuc 
verbum in te, Ter.— C. To come, ar- 
rive: clamor, Liv, — D. To fall out, 

end, terminate • Ter. — E. To fall out, 
come to pass, happen: si quid adversi 
acciderit, Cic: (Impers. folld. by ut c. 
Subj.) accidit, ut Hermse dejieerentur, 
Nep. — Particular phrase: Si 
quid cui (humanitus) accidat, If any 
tiling happens to one, or after the manner 
of men ; i.e. if one dies : Cic. 

ac-cingo, xi, ctum, gere (Inf. 
Pass, accingier, Virg.), 3. v. a. [for 
ad-cingo] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To 
gird on; to gird around or about- 
lateri ensem, Virg. B. Esp. : Pass, 
in reflexive force : To gird one's self 
about, etc. : accingitur ense, Virg. 

II. Meton.: To arm, equip, furnish, 
provide, etc. : gladiis accincti, Liv. 

III. Fig. : A. : 1. Gen. : To gird; 
i.e. to prepare, make ready: turmas 
ad munia accingit, Tac— 2. Esp.: 
With Personal pron. or Pass, in re- 
flexive force : To prepare one's self, get 
ready, make one's self ready, etc: se 
prasdaa accingunt, Virg.: accingi ad 
consuiatum, Liv. — B. To equip or 
arm: Phraatem accingit paternum ad 
fastiginm, Tac. 

ac-cio, ivi, itum, ire, 4. v. a. [for 
ad-cioj I. Prop. : To cause to come 
ox go to a person or place ; to summon, 
call, etc. : Sullam accitum audierat, 
Sail.: (without Object) si acciret, ac- 
curram, Cic. II. Fig.: To summon, 
procure, take, etc. : mortem, i. e. to 
commit suicide, Veil. 

ac-clpio, cepi, cop turn, cipere, 3. 
v.a. [for ad-capio] I. Prop.: A. To 
take a person or thing to one's self, 
etc.: hominem et aurum, Plaut. — B. 
To take, receive: te gremio, Virg.— C. 
Without denoting the means: 1.: a. 
To take: conditionem pacis, Caes. — b.: 
(a) To receive or entertain as a guest, 
etc. : JEnean, Virg. —(b) To receive or 
admit to political privileges : in civi- 
tatem accepti, Liv. — c. Ironically : To 
treat, to give a (certain) reception to: 
indignis acceptus modis, Ter. — 2. To 
take, get, receive: vulnera tergo, Virg. 
— D. To receive money: Philippos, 
Hor. II. Fig.: A. To take, receive: 
accipe daque fidem, Virg. — B. Ment- 
ally : (To take a thing into one's mind, 
i.e.) 1.: a. To perceive, hear, observe, 
learn : quae gerantur,, accipies ex Poll- 
ione, Cic— b. (a) To receive, intellig- 
ence of any thing, to learn : Sail. — (b) 
To receive instruction,^-.: Quint. — 2. 
To comprehend or understand any 
thing communicated : ut celeriter ac- 
ciperet, qua) tradebantur, Nep.— 3. 
To take or regard a thing in any way; 
to consider, interpret, explain: quam 
in partem acceptfe sint (sc. literal), 
Cic — Particulai phrase: Ac- 
cipere omen, aliquid omen ; also, with- 
out omen : To regard a thing as a 
(favourable^ omen, to take as an omen: 
Liv.; Cic: deos, Virg.— C. To take a 
thing to or upon one's self, to under- 
take : judicium, Cic — D. To bear, en- 
dure, or suffer anything disagreeable 
or troublesome : calamitatem in bello, 
Cic — E. To accept, be satisfied wit\ 
approve of a thing : " equi te Esse feri 
similem, dico." Ridemus, et ipse Mess- 



Ins : '* aocipio,'* / allow it, I agree to , 
it, Hor. — F. Acceptum, etc., aliquid 
referre alicui, To set down to one as 
received from him ; to ascribe some- 
thing to one (both in a good and bad 
sense) : Cic. 

acclp-iter, tris, m. (/. Lucr.) 
[usually referred to accip-io ; hence, 
The setter ,— ace. to some from AG, 
root of ac-uo, and pkt, root of pet-o, 
hence , The quick flyer'] I. P r o p. : A. 
Gen.: A bird of prey: Hor.— B. 
Esp.: A hatch : Ov. : sacer (because 
auguries were taken from it), Virg. 
II. Fig. : Of a rapacious man: A 
hawk: pecuniae, riant. 

acci-sus (for accid-sus), a, um : 1. 
P. of aecid-o.— 2. Pa.: Cut off or down, 
i. e. destroyed, disordered, impaired, 
ruined: opes, Hor. 

1. acci-tus, a, nm, P. of acci-o. 

2. acei-tus v us, m. (only in Abl. 
sing.) [acci-o] A summoning, sum- 
mons, calf : Cic. ; Virg. 

acclama-tlo, onis, /. [acclam(a) 
-o] 1.: a. A crying out ov an outcry 
against: Oic. — b. A shout of favour 
or approbation: Liv. — 2.: a. Gen.: 
A crying aloud : Auct. Her. — b. Bsp.: 
Rhetor.' t. t.: An exclamation : Quint, 
if Hence, Fr. acclamation. 

aeclam-Ito, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. n. freq. [acclam-o] To cry out or 
exclaim repeatedly : Plant. 

ac-clamo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
l.v.n. and a . [for ad-clamo] I. Neut. : 
(To call out at; hence) A. To cry out, 
or exclaim, against: civi, Cic. — B. To 
cry out to one, etc., with applause; to 
applaud, etc.: populus Neroni acclam- 
avit, Tac. II. Act.: To call out or 
proclaim aloud: populus acclamavit 
ipsa esse t Oic. if Hence, Fr. acclamer. 

ac-claro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[for ad-claro] To make clear, or evid- 
ent; to make known or show : Augural 
t. (.: uti signa nobis acclarassis (=ac- 
claraveris), Liv. 

acclln-is, e, adj. [acclin-o] I. 
P rop. : Leaning on or against some- 
thing ; inclined to or towards : arboris 
trunco, Virg. II. Pig.: Inclined, dis- 
posed, or attached to : f alsis animus, 

ac-clmo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[for ad-clino] I. Prop.: To lean on 
or against something : se acclinavit in 
ilium, Ov. II. Pig.: To incline to: 
ad causam, Liv. 

ac-cliv-is, e, us, a, um, adj. [ad ; 
cliv-us] Inclining upwards, ascending, 
up hill : via3 pars valde acclivis, Cic. 

aecliv-itas, atis,/.[accliv-is] (The 
state of the acclivis; hence) A rise, 
acclivity, ascent; Cass. 

Acco, onis, m. Acco ; a chief of the 
He nones Gauls. 

accol»a, se, comm. [accol-o] A 
dweller by or near a place; a neighbour: 
I. Prop. : ejus loci, Liv. II. Fig. : 
Cereris, i. e. such zealous tcorshippers 
of Ceres, as almost to dwell near her 
temple: Cic. 

ac-colo (ad»), colui, cultum, col- 
fere, 3. t>. a. and n. [for ad-colo] I. To 
dwell by cr near a place, etc.: A. Act.: 

locum, Cic. — B. Neut.: aadibus, Plaut. 

II, To till, cultivate: vitern, Cat. 
accommodat-e, adv. [accom- 

modat-us] Fitly, suitably : ad veritat- 
em accommodate, Cic. : (Comp.) ac- 
commodatius, id. : (Sup.) accommoda- 
tissime, id. 

accomm8da-tio,onis,/. [acconi- 
mod(a)-o] I. Prop. : An adapting ov 
adjusting of one thing to another : 
Cic. II. Pig.: The adapting of one's 
feeling or will to another's; compli- 
ance, complaisance, indulgence : Cic. if 
Hence, Fr. accommodation. 

accomrndda»tus, a, um: 1. P. 
of accommod(a)-oj — 2. Pa.: Fitted or 
adapted to a thing; suitable, conform- 
able, appropriate : accommodatns ad 
persuadcndum,Cic: (Comp.) concion- 
ibus accommodatior, id. (Sup.) ex- 
emplum, id. 

ac-comxnodo, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ad-commodo] I. Pro p.: A. 
Gen.: To fit or adapt one thing to ano- 
ther; to adjust: later! accommodat 
ensem, Virg. B. E s p. : 1. With Per- 
sonal pron.: To apply one's self to, to 
undertake: se ad res gerendas, Cic. — 
2. Of property: To lend for use: s?i 
quid redilibus accommodavit, Cic. II. 
Pig.: A. G e n. : To adjust, adapt, or 
accommodate one thing to another : 
meum consilium ad tuum, Cic. B. 
Esp.: 1. Pass.: To be adapted, to suit: 
ad numerum, Cic. — 2. With Personal 
pron.: To admit one's self to another's 
opinion, wishes, etc., i. e. to accommod- 
ate or conform to, to comply with : ad 
eorum arbitrium se accommodant, 
Cic — Particular phrase: Ac- 
commodare alicui de aliqua re, To 
gratify one about : Cic. HI. Meton. : 
To devote or apply: curani pratis, 
Quint. «|[ Hence, Fr. accommoder. 

ac-eommSdus, a, um, adj. [for 
ad-commodus] Suitable, fit: fraudi, 

ac-congero, gessi, gestum, ger- 
Sre, 3. v. a. [for ad-congero] To heap 
up in abundance: huic dona, Plaut. 

ac-credo, dldi, ditum, dere (Subj. 
Pres. accreduas, Plant.), 3. v. a. and n. 
[for ad-credo] I. Act.: To believe or 
credit a tiling : hoc, Lucr. II. Neut.: 
To believe, credit, give credit to a per- 
son : tibi, Hor. 

aocresco, evi, etum, escere, 3. 
■v. n. [for ad-cresco] I. To grow or in- 
crease up to, or as far as: pectori 
accrevcrat ccespes, Tac. II. To in- 
crease, become larger, etc.: A. Prop.: 
flumen, Cic. B. Fig. : invidia, Hor. 

III. (Prop.: To grow on to; Fig.): To 
be attached ov annexed to: quum dictis 
accresceret fides, Liv. IV. To increase 
further, etc., to multiply: gremio ac- 
crescere natos, Stat, Ǥ" Hence, Fr. 

acere-tio, onis,/. [accre-sco] An 
increase: Cic. 

accub-itio, onis, /. [accub-o] A 
lying down, reclining : epularis, Cic. 

aeeub-itus, us, m. [id.] A reclin- 
ing at table : Stat. 

ac-c&bo (ad-), ui, Itum, are, 1. 
v.n. [for ad-cubo] I.: A» Of persons : 

To lie down, or recline, at, by, or nmn 
mihi in conviviis, Cic: juxta accubat, 
Virg. — B. Of place : To be adjacent os 
close to: theatrum monti, Suet. II.; 

A. Of persons : To lie, lie down, re- 
cline, esp. at table: qui accubarent, 
Cic— B. Of things: To lie: cadus 
accubat horreis, Hor. 

accubu-6, adv. [accubo, through 
obsol. adj. accubu-us] Lying nears 

ac-ctido, no perf. nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. a. [for ad-cudo] (Prop.: To hammet 
on to something ; Fig.) To add: Plaut. 

ac-cumbo, ciibui, cubitum, cumb- 
ere, 3. v. n. [for ad-cumbo] I. Gen.: 
To lay one's self down upon, to lie on : 
in via, Plaut. II. Esp.: To recline ai 
table: epulis divum, Virg. 

accumtila-tio, onis, /. [accum- 
ul(a)-o] A heaping up of earth round 
the roots of plants, etc.: PI. if Hence, 
Fr. accumulation. 

accumiilat-issinie, sup. adv. [ac- 
cumulat-us] Most abundantly or cop- 
iously: Auct. Her. 

acciisntila-tor, oris, m. [id.] An 
accumulator : opum, Tac. «If Hence, 
Fr. accumulateur. 

ac-cumiilo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a 
[for ad-cumulo] (To heap one thing 
upon another; hence) I. Gen.: To 
heap up, accumulate: A. Prop.: ac- 
cumulabat mors confertos, Lucr. : 
(without Object) addit, accumulat, Cic. 

B. Fig.: curas, Ov. II. Esp.: In 
gardening : To heap up earth round 
the roots of plants : Fl. if Hence, 
Fr. accumuler. 

accurat-e, adv. [accurat-us] Care- 
fully , exactly : accurate, Cic. : (Comp.) 
accuratius, id.: (Sup.) accuratissime. 

aceura-tlo, onis, /. [accur(a)-o] 
A taking care, carefulness : Cic. 

accura-tus, a, um : 1. P. of 
accur(a)-o. — 2. Pa. : Prepared with 
care, studied, elaborate, exact (only 
of things) : malitia, a studied arti- 
fice, Plaut. • (Comp.) accuratius, Cic: 
(Sup.) accuratissima, id. 

ac-ciiro, avi, atum, are (accur- 
assis = accuravcris, Plaut. ; — Inf. ac- 
curarier, id.), 1. v. a. [for ad-ouro] I. 
To take care of, bestow care upon, pre- 
pare or pursue with care: melius 
accurantur, quae consilio geruntur, 
Cic II. Of guests : To regale : Ter. 

ac-curro, ciicurri and curri, cur- 
sum, currere, 3. v. n. [for ad-curro] 
I. Prop. : To run to, come to by run- 
ning, hasten to: si inclam&ro, ut ac- 
curras, Cic: (Impers. Pass.) accurr- 
itur ab universis, Tac. II. Fig.: Of 
ideas: To occur: Cic. if Hence, Fr. 

accur-£ras, us, m. [for accurr-sus ; 
fr. accurr-o] A running tip: populi, 

accusa-bHis, e, adj. [accus(a)-o] 
Blameworthy, reprehensible : turpi tudo, 
Cic. if Hence, Fr. accumble. 

acciisa-tio, onis,/. [id.] I. Gen.: 
An accusing, complaint, accusation. 
accusadonem comparare (or constitu- 
i ere), to bring in, Cic: factitare, tc 



pursue or urge, id. IX. Esp.: An 
indictment: Cic. *[ Hence, Fr. ac- 

accusa-tor,oris,m. [id.] LGen.: 
An accuser, plaintiff', in a state trial : 
Cic. II. Esp.: An informer: Suet. 
^ Hence, Fr. 

aeeusatori-e, adv. [accusatori-us] 
After the manner of an accuser: Cic. 

accusator-ius, a, um, adj. [ac- 
eusator] Of, or pertaining to, an ac- 
cuser: lex, Cic: vox, Liv. *f Hence, 
Fr. accusatoire. 

aceusa-trix, icis, /. [accus(a)-o] 
A {female) accuser: Plant. f Hence, 
Fr. accusatrice. 

aecus-Ito, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. a. freq. [accus-o] To accuse: 

ac-ctis-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[for ad-caus-o; fr. ad; caus-a] {To 
bring or challenge to a judicial process ; 
hence) I. Prop.: Law 1. 1.: To accuse 
of crime; to arraign, bring to trial, 
etc.: (with Gen. or Abl. of charge) 
ambitus alterum, Cic: suis curn cri- 
minibus accusabo, id.: (with Ace. of 
neut.pron. and Ace. of person) id me, 
Plaut. : (without Object) accusant ii, 
Cic. II. Me ton. : A. With persons 
as objects : To complain of or against ; 
to reproach, blame, chide, etc.: Pompe- 
ium,Cic— B. With things as objects : 
To blame, find fault with, complain of: 
consilia, Liv. 

Ace, C3, /., *Atcr). Ace ; a town of 
Galilee (now Acre). 

1. acer, eris, n. [efcym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: The maple tree : PI. II . M e t- 
o n. : Maple-wood, used for writing- 
tablets : Ov. 

2. a-cei% cris, ere. adj. [for ac-cer ; 
fr, ac-uo] (Prop. : Sliarp, pointed, edged, 
etc.; Fig.) 1, Sharp: (Sup.) acerrimus 
sensus videndi, Cic: sonitus, Virg.: 
odor, PL: cibi,id.: acris hiems, Hor. 
2. Violent, vehement, strong, passionate, 
consuming: dolor, Virg.: metus, id.- 
3. : a. Of intellectual qualities : Subtle, 
acute, penetrating, sagacious, shrewd: 
memoria, strong, retentive, Cic : ingen- 
ium, Cic— b. Of moral qualities : (a) 
In a good sense : Active, ardent, spirited, 
zealous: (Comp.) studio acriore esse, 
Cic — (b) In a bad sense: Violent, 
hasty, hot, fierce, severe : equus, Virg. : 
egestas, Lucr. : bellum,Cic *if Hence, 
Fr. dcre, aigre. 

acerb-e, adv. [acerb-us] 1 . Harsh- 
ly, bitterly, with hostility or cruelty: 
severus, Cic: (Sup.) acerbissime, Caos. 
— 2. Painfully, with pain or sorrow, 
etc.: (Comp.) acerbius ferre, Cses. 

acerb-Itas, atis, /. [id.] (The 
quality of the acerbus ; hence) 1 . Harsh- 
ness, acerbity, harsh taste of fruits : 
Cic — 2. Of moral qualities : a. : (a) 
Hardness, harshness, severity, rigour, 
unkindness, morose7iess: morum,Cic — 
(b) Satirical severity : Quint. — (c) Vio- 
lence, anger: Cic. — (d) Bitterness: 
nomen vestrum acerbitati nationibus 
exteris futurum, Cic — b. Grief, sor- 
row, anguish, affliction: omnes acerb- 
itates, Cic. % Hence, Fr. acerbite". 

&eerb-o, no pnrf^ ati^ tire [id.] 

1. v. a.: I. Prop.: To make harsh or 
bitter, to embitter: gaudia, Stat. II. 
Me ton. : To augment or aggravate 
any thing disagreeable, etc. crimen, 

ac-erbus, a, um, adj. [ac-uo] 
(Pointed, sharp; hence) 1.: a. Prop.: 
Of the taste : (a) G e n. : Harsh : sapor, 
PL — (b) Esp.: (a) Sharp, sour, pung- 
ent, etc.: elatine, PL— (/3) Salt, bitter, 
briny, etc: Neptuni corpus, Lucr. — ■ 
b. Me ton.: (a) Unripe, immature, 
crude: (Sup.) acerbissima oliva, PL — 
(b) Of sound : Harsh, hoarse, rough, 
shrill, etc: vox, Auct. Her. — c. Fig.: 
(a) Unfinished, imperfect, crude: res, 
Cic — (b) Untimely, premature: funus, 
Cic. — 2. Of persons : a. Rough, repuls- 
ive, morose, violent, harsh, rigorous, 
severe • inimici, Cic. — Adverbial 
expression: A cerba, Harsh ly. sour- 
ly, morosely: tuens, Virg. — b. Violent, 
furious, hostile, bitter: acerbus Odisti, 
Hor. — Adverbial expression: 
Acerba, Violently, furiously, bitterly, 
etc: Virg.-— 3. : a. Of things : Harsh, 
heavy, disagreeable, bitter, troublesome, 
rigorous, grievous, sad : memoria, Cic. : 
(Comp.) acerbiore imperio uti,Nep. — 
As Subst.: acerbum, i, n., Calamity, 
misfortune, etc.: tot acerba, Virg. — 
b. Of death : (a) Painful, violent, sad, 
etc: Cic. — (b) Painful, causing pain 
to others, afflictive, distressing: Nep. 
^1 Hence, Fr. acer be. 

acer-nus, a, um, adj. [1. acer] 
Made of maple, maple-: trabes, Virg. 

acer»ra, se,/. [prob. for acer-na ; 
fr. acer, maple] (A maple-thing ; 
hence) An incense-box (ace to some, 
an incense-pan or censer): Virg.; Hor. 
Acerrse, arum,/. Acerrce; a toicn 
of Campania, near Naples (now 
Aeerra). — Hence, Acerr-anus, i, m. 
An. inhabitant of Acerrce. 

acersecSmSs, a3, m. — a/cepcre- 
K.6p.T)<; (One with unshorn hair): A 
young man, a youth: Juv. 

acerv-alis, is,/, [acerv-us] (The 
heaped-up thing; hence) An argument 
by accumulation : Cic 

acerva-tim, adv. [acerv(a)-o] 
(Prop.: By or in heaps ; Fig.) Collect- 
ively, summarily: acervatim reliqua 
dicam, Cic 

acerv»o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[acerv-us] I. P r o p. : To heap or pile 
up; to amass: PL II. Fig.: To ac- 
cumulate, multiply: leges, Liv. 

ac-ervus (or acer»vus), i, m. 
[etym. dub.; usually referred to root 
AC ; and so, the pointed thing, or the 
thing brought to a point; ace to some, 
akin to Sanscrit root kri, " jacere;" 
and so, the thing cast up] I. Prop.: 
A heap: aaris et auri, Hor. II. Fig.: 
A. A heap ; i. e. number, quantity, 
multitude: facinorum, Cic — B» Logic 
t. t.: A heap; i. e. a sophism formed by 
an accumulation of arguments: Cic. 
ac-esco, ui, no sup., escere, 8. v. n. 
eh. [ac-uo] (To become sharp; hence) 
To become or turn sour: Hor. 

Xcesta, a3, -e, es, /. Areata or 
Aceste; a town of Sicily, named after 

King Acestes (earlier Egesta, latei 

Acestes, se, w.=*A«eVr7j5 (Heal- 
er). Acestes; a king in Sicily. 

acetabulum, i, n. [acet-nm] 
(Thai which carries vinegar; hence, 
Prop.: A vinegar vessel or cruet; Met- 
on.) 1.: a. A cup- shaped vessel: Quint. 
— b. With jugglers: The cup with 
which they perform their feats : Sen. 
— 2. In Botany : A flower-cup, calix; 
PL f Hence, Fr. acdtabule. 

acet-aria, rum, n. [id.] (Things 
pertaining to acetum; hence) Herbs 
eaten (raw) with vinegar and oil; 
salad: PL 

ace-tum, i, n. [ace-sco] (The 
sharp-tasted thing; hence) I. Prop. : 
Vinegar: Plaut. II. Fig. '.Pungent 
wit : Hor. ^j Hence, Fr. acetum. 

.Xchaemenes, is, m.—'Axaifxevns. 
Achcemenes; the first king of Persia. — 
Hence, Achsemen-ms, a, um, adj. 
(Prop.: Pertaining to Achaimenes ; Met- 
on.) Persian. 

1. Aeheeus, i, m. Achoeus; a king 

2. .Xchaeus, a, um, adj.^Axolos'. 
1. Belonging to Achaia, Achcean: fines, 
Lucr.— As Subst.: Achaei, orum, m. 
The Achceans. — 2. Grecian, Greek. — As 
Subst.: Achsei, orum, m. The inhab- 
itants of a Greek colony upon the Black 

Achaia (-aj a), re, /.='Axcua: I. 
Prop.: Achaia or Achaja; a province 
in the northern part of the Peloponnesus, 
on (he Gulf of Corinth, earlier called 
Jtlgialea (maritime country) . II. M e t- 
on.: A. Greece.— B. The southern pari 
of Greece (south of Thessaly). 

Xchai-as, adis, /. adj. [Achai-a] 
Achaian, Grecian, or Greek. 

Xchal-cus, a, um, adj. [id.] 
Achcean, Grecian, Greek: Cic; Hor. 

Achais, Wis, adj. f. — Aehrea. 
Achaean, Grecian, Greek. — As Subst.: 
Achais, idis,/. (sc. terra) Achaia or 

Xchalus, a, um, adj. Achaean, 

Xcharnse, arum, /. = 'Axapvat, 
Acharnai; a principal Demus of Attic :. 
— Hence, Acharn-anus, a, um, adj. 
Of Acharnai. 

Achates, ae, m. 'Axa-rr?? (Agate;. 
Achates: 1. A small river of Sicily 
(now Dirillo). — 2. A companion of 

Xcheloiis, i, w.='AxeAwo?. Ache- 
lous : 1. A river of Central Greece (now 
the Aspropotamo). — Hence, Achelo- 
lus, a, um, adj.: a. Prop.: Pertain- 
ing to the Achelous. — b. Me ton. : 
AUolian: heros, i. e. Tydeus, the son of 
JEneus, King of AZtolia, Stat,— 2. A 
river-god. — Hence, a. AcheIo»ias, 
iadis, /. A daughter of Achelous. — b. 
Achelo-is, Mis, /. A daughter of 
Achelous: — Plur.: The Sif^ens. 

Achemenides (Aehsem-), is, m. 
Ache^nenides or Achamienides ; acorn,' 
panion of Ulysi is. 



AchSrini, 5rum, m. The Acherini ; 
d people in Sicily. 

Xeheron, ntis, m., 'Axepwv (-os, 
I, m., Liv.); (Stream of pain or grief) 
Acheron or Acheros: 1. A river in 
Epirus, which flows through the Lake 
Acherusia into the Ambracian Gulf 
(now the Verlichi or Delika).—2. A 
river in Lower Italy (now the Acn). — 
3. : a. Pro p.: A river in the infernal 
regions.-- Hence, Acheront-eus, a, 
nm, adj. Of the Acheron.— b. Meton.: 
The infernal regions. 

Xcherontla, as, /. Acherontia ; a 
mall town in Lucania (now Acerenza). 

Acheros, i, v. Acheron. 

Acheruns, nntis, m. (also/.Plaut. : 
r-Acc. Acherunta, Lucr.) Acheruns: 
I. (= Acheron, no. 3. b.) mittere ali- 
quern Acheruntem, to send one to 
Acheruns, i. e. to kill, Plaut. — 2. 
Acheruns ulmorum, An Acheruns of 
elm-rods; i. e. a slave upon whose back 
rods had been broken, Plaut. — Hence, 
a. Acherunt-icus, a, urn, adj. Be- 
longing to Acheruns or the infernal 
regions. — b. Acheru-sius (-un- 
sius), a, urn, adj. Of the Acheruns 
(Acheron) or the infernal regions. 
Achilla, ee, v. Acholla. 
Achillas, as, m. Achillas ; the mur- 
derer of Pompey. 

Xchilles, is, m.s.*Axt*Aev? (Gen. 
Achillei, quadrisyll. Hor. ; Achilli ; 
Virg. :— Ace. Achillea, Luc. ; Achillen, 
Virg. :— Voc. Achille, Prop. : — Abl. 
Achilli, Ov.: Achille, Hor.), Achilles 
I. Prop.: A Greek hero in the Trojan 
war; son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, 
and of Thetis.— Hence, A. Achill- 
eus, a, urn, adj. Pertaining to Achilles. 
— B. Achill-ides, as, m.='Ax tAA - 
ei8Y)s, A descendant of Achilles. II. 
M e t o n. : A handsome and strong man : 

Xchi-vus, a, um, adj. [for Achas- 
fus ; fr. Achas-us] Achaean, Grecian, 
Greek. — As Subst.: Achivi, drum, m. 
The Greeks: quidquid delirant reges, 
plectuntur Achivi, whatever wrongs 
• the (Grecian) kings perpetrate (before 
Troy), their subjects suffer for them: 

but it soon became a proverb ; The 
people must suffer for the faults of the 

feat: Hor. 
Xcholla (-ilia), as, /. Acholla or 

Achilla ; a town of Africa, near Thap- 

sus.— Hence, Achill-itani, 6rum,w. 

The inhabitants of Achilla. 
Achradlna (Acr-), ee,/. Achra- 

dina or Acradina ; a part of the city of 

Syracuse. — Hence, Achradin-ua, a, 

um, adj. Of Achradina. 
XeidaHus, a, um, adj. Pertaining 

to Acidalia or Venus. 
aeid-ulus, a, um, adj. [acid-us] 

A little sour, sourish : sapor, PI. 
ac-idus, a, um, adj. [ac-uo] 

(Prop.: Pointed, sharp; Fig.) 1. Of 

taste : Sour, hard, acid: sorba, Virg.: 

(Sup.) acidissimum acetum, Plaut. — 

2. Unpleasant, troublesome, disagree- 

uble . id acidum duobus. Hor. *j[ 

-tlence, Fr. acide. 
ac»i§s, ei,/. [id.] I. Prop. ■. An 

edge, sharp edgeoi a swerd, sickle, etc. 
securium, Cic. : falcis, Virg. II. 
Meton.: A. Of sight: 1, Keen look 
or glance; power of vision; the sight: 
oculorum, Cass.— 2.: a. The pupil of 
the eye: acies, quas pupilla vocatur, 
Cic. — b. The eye: gemiuas flecte acies, 
Virg. — 3. A look, glance: Lucr. — 4. 
Brightness of the heavenly bodies : 
stellis acies obtusa videtur, Virg.— B. 
Milit. t.L: 1. Order of battle, battle- 
array of land or sea forces : exercitus, 
Cic: classium, Nep.— 2.: a,. An army 
drawn up in order of battle : prima acies 
hastati erant, the vanguard, van, the 
first line, Liv. : dextra acies, the right 
wing, id. — b. The action of troops drawn 
up in battle-array ; a battle : copias in 
aciem educere, Liv. III. F i g. : A. The 
edge, sharpness, etc.: auctoritatis, Cic. 
— B. Acuteness of understanding, etc.; 
sharpness, penetration: ingenii, Cic. — 
C. A verbal contest, disputation: Cic. 

XciHus, ii, m. Acilius ; a Roman 
name. — Hence, 1, Acilius, a, um, 
adj. Of Acilius : Acilian.—2. Acil- 
ianus, a, um, adj. Acilian. 
aclna, v. acinus. 
acmacBs, is, m.=a.KivdKri<; [prob. 
Pers. alien, iron, and the diminutive 
termination ek] A short straight sioord, 
or sabre, of tlie Persians and Scythians: 

&cln-5sus, a, um, adj. [acin-us] 
I. Prop.: Full of grapes: (Sup.) 
uvas acinosissimas, PI. II. Meton.: 
Grape-like: semen, PI. % Hence, Fr. 

acinus, i, m.\ -a, as,/.[etym. dub.] 
I. Prop.: A berry of any kind : PI.; 
Cat. II. Meton.: A stone or seed in 
a berry : Cic. 

aeipenser (aquip-), eris (-sis, 
is, Mart.), m. [etym. dub.; prps. for 
ac-(i)-pen-(s)-er ; fr. root AC ; penn-a , 
so, the thing with pointed fins'] The 
acipenser (a fish very highly esteemed 
by the Romans), perhaps the sturgeon: 

Acis, is and idis, m. " Akk; (A 
pointed thing ; e. g. barb of an arrow, 
etc.) Acis. — 1. A river of Sicily (now 
the Chiaci). — 2. A river-god, beloved by 
Galatea on account of his beauty. 

aclis, Idis, f. — dyKv\is. A small 
javelin: Virg. 

Acmon, onis, m.= Y AKixoiv (Anvil) 
Acmon; a companion: 1. Of JEneas. 
— 2. Of Diomedes. 

Acmomdes, is, m. (Son of an 
anvil) Acmonides ; one of Vulcan's 

Xeoetes, is, m. ='A/com?9 (Bed- 
fellow, spouse) Accetes: 1. A pilot, 
aj'tencards priest of Bacchus. — 2. An 
armour-bearer of Evander. 

acSnitum, i, n.^aKovirov. Acon- 
ite ; wolfs-bane or monk's-hood : Virg. 
^[ Hence, Fr, aconit. 

Aeonteus (trisyll.), ei, m., *Akovt- 
ev? (Javelin-man). Acdkiteus: 1. A 
Latin. — 2. A companion of Perseus. 

Xcontlus, ii, m. 'Akovtios (id.) 
Acontivs; a lover of Cydippe. 

ac-qulesco, evi, etum, ercere, 3. 
v. n. [lor ad-quiesco] I. Prop.: A. 

Gren.: To become physically quiet* «? 
come to physical repose; to rest, ceast 
from activity, etc.: Lanuvii, at Lanuvi- 
um, Cic. B. Bsp.: 1. To rest or re- 
pose in death : Tac. ; Nep. — 2. Ot 
things: To be still or quiet: quum 
auves acquiescant, Cic. II. Fig.: A, 
Of things : To be in a state of quietness 
or rest: rem familiarem acquiescere, 
i, e. is not diminished, Liv.— B. Ta 
find rest in some object ; to delight in, 
enjoy, be pleased with, etc. : in adolesc- 
entiuin caritate, Cic: (with Bat.) 
alicui, Suet. — C. To be satisfied with 
the grounds of an assertion, etc, to 
acquiesce, give assent: acquiescis, ap- 
probas, Cic. % Hence, Fr. acquiescer. 
ac-quiro, slvi, si turn, rere, 3 v. a. 
[for ad-quasro] I.: A. Gen.: To get 
or procure in addition ; to add to, ac- 
quire: aliquid ad vitas fructum, O^c: 
viresque acquirit eundo, Virg. B. 
Esp. : To acquire or amass riches, 
etc.: (without Object) acquirendivotum, 
Juv. II. To get, procure, obtain, etc.: 
pauca, Hor.: quod ad usum vitas per- 
tineat, Cic. % Hence, Fr. acque'rir. 

acra, drum, n.; -a, as, f. = aKpo.. 
A promontory or headland: PI. 

Acragas, &ntia,m. = 'A/cpaya? (A cc. 
Gr. Acraganta, Ov.) : Ac7 % agas ; a moun- 
tain on the S. W. coast of Sicily, and a 
city upon it (the city was also called 
Agrigentum , now Girgenti). — Hence, 
Agrlgent-Inus (Acragant-), a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Agrigent- 
um or Acragas. 

acr-e, adv.[2. acer, acr-is] Harshly, 
severely, etc. Pers. 

acredula, a?, /. Tlie acredula ; 
ace to some, the thrush or the owl, 
ace to others, a nightingale : Cic. 

acr-Iculus, a, um, adj. dim. [2. 
acer, acr-is] Slightly sharp, testy : 
senex, Cic. 

acr-Xauonla, ee,/. [id.] I. Prop.: 
A. Of taste, etc.: Sharpness, pungency : 
Cat. — B. Of the sight : A sharp pene- 
trating look: Auct. Her. II. Fig.: 
Sharpness, powet^, energy : patris, Cic. 
*|[ Hence, Fr. acrimonie. 

Acrisione,es,/.='A«:pia-ta)t'-i7 (She 
who pertains to Acrisius) Acrisione ; 
the daughter of Acrisius, i. e. Danae. — 
Hence, 1. Acrlsion-eus, a, um, adj. 
Pertaining to Acrisione : arces, the city 
Argos, Ov.— 2. Acrlslon-iades, se, 
m. A descendant of Acrisione; Per- 

Acrisius, Ii, w?.='Ak£h'oto<?. Acri- 
sius; a king of Argos, father of Danae, 
unintentionally killed by his grandson 

acr-Iter, adv. [2. acer, acr-is] 
1.: a. Prop.: Strongly, vigorouslp, 
vehemently, etc. : pugnam inire, Liv. : 
(Comp.) acrius, Cic. — b. Meton.: (a) 
Strongly, exceedingly, greatly, very 
much, etc. : intueri solem, Cic. — (b) 
Eagerly: (Sup.) acerrime exspectare, 
Cic — 2 . .Sharply, keenly : contemplari, 

&cr5amii, atis, n. = a.Kp6a/j.a: L 
Prop.: A thing heard with pleasure, 
a gratification of the ear, either by 
music or reading : Cic. II» Met<on-f 



An entertainer at table, by music (a 
performer, minstrel), or by reading (a 
reader*) ; also, a buffoon : Gic. 

acr oasis, is,/. = aKp6acrt,? (a hear- 
ing, a listening to ; only Meton.) : 1« 
A n assembly of the learned for listening 
to a discourse; a learned audience: 
Cic — 2. A discourse delivered before 
a Learned audience : Vitr. 

Aeroceraumum, ii, n. [<x*pos ; 
Kfcpaui'o?] (Thunderbolt-height) Acro- 
leraunium ; a promontory or cape in 
Epirus (now Capo Linguetta) : — Plur.: 
A croceraunia ; the high mountain-range 
between Macedonia and Epirus (now 
Kitnara). — Hence, Acrocerauni» 
us, a, urn, adj. (Prop. : Acroceraunian ; 
Fig.) Dangerous: vita, Ov. 

Acr on, onis, m. Acron: 1. A 
ling of the Cceninenses, slain by Rom- 
ulus. — 2. A warrior slain by Mezentius. 

Acrota, as, m. Acrota; a son of 
Tiber inus, king of Alba. 

1. acta, orum, v. 1. actus. 

2. acta, ee,f.—a.KT7). The sea-shore : 

Actaeon, onis, m.=' A/crouW (One 
having or inhabiting Acte) Actceon; 
a grandson of Cadmus, who was changed 
into a stag, and torn to pieces by his 
own dogs, on Mount Cithosron. 

Actaeus, a, ran, adj. = 'AktclIos. 
Athenian. — As Subst. : Actsei, orum, 
m. The Athenians : Virg. 

Acte, es, /.='Aktt?. (The thing 
breaking (the waves) ; i.e. coast-land 
or maritime country) : Acte; the early 
name of Attica. — Hence, Act-ias, 
ad is, /. adj. Of, or pertaining to , A cte ; 
Attic, Athenian. 

ac-tio, onis,/. [forag-tio ; fr. ag-o] 

1. G- e n. : .4 doing, performing, acting, 
action, act: deos spoliat actione, Cic. : 
vita?, active practical, life, id.: gratia- 
rum, the giving of thanks, id. II, 
Esp.: A.: 1. A public action, a civil 
act, transaction : actiones tribunorum, 
Liv. — 2. Negotiation, deliberation : de 
pace, Cic— B. Law 1. 1.\ 1. An action, 
suit, process : actiones (suits) etres (the 
property insult) peribant, Liv. — 2.: a. 
An accusation, statement of a crime, 
indictment, charge : Cic— lb, A judicial 
form: Cic— 3. A prosecutor 's speech : 
Cic— 4. Permission for a suit : Cic— 
C. Rhet. t.L: 1. Of an orator : Gest- 
iculation or action; delivery: Cic— 

2. Of an actor, Action: Cic. — D. 
Pramat. 1. 1. : The action ; the connection 
or series of events, etc., in a play : Cic 
^f Hence, Fr. action. 

act-ito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
freq. [obsol. ac-to ; freq. of ag-o] To 
act, or be employed in, often or much : 
causas, Cic. 

Actmm, ii. n. Actium: 1. A pro- 
montory and place of Acarnania, on the 
Ambracian Gulf (now Capo Figalo). — 
Hence, a. Actl-acus, a, urn, adj. 
Relating to Actium.— h. Acti-as, adis, 
f> adj. Of, or belonging to, Actium.— c. 
Actl-US, a, um, adj. Pertaining to 
Actium.— As Subst.: Actia, orum, n. 
plur. (sc. festa), The Act tan games; a 
quinquennial festival established by Au- 
gustus, in commemoration of his victory 

over Antony: Suet. — 2. A harbour in 

actiun-cula, ae, /. dim. [for ac- 
tioncula ; fr. actio, action-is] A short 
judicial harangue : PL 

ac-tivus, a, um, adj. [for ag- 
tivus ; fr. ag-o] Active: Sen. <j| Hence, 
Fr. actif. 

1. ac-tor, oris, m. [for ag-tor ; fr. 
ag-o] 1.: a. One who puts a thing in 
motion: habense, i. e. a slinger, Stat. — 
b. A driver: pecoris,Ov.— 2. A doer, 
performer: rerum, Cic. — 3.: a. P r o p.: 
Law t. t.\ (a) One who conducts a suit 
or brings an action; a ■plaintiff: Cic. — 
(b) An advocate, counsellor : Cic. — b. 
Met on.: An agent or attorney, e. g. 
an administrator or manager, overseer, 
of property or an estate, etc. : publicus, 
Tac : summarum, agent or cashier, 
Suet.— 4. Rhet. t. t.: One who delivers 
an oration; an orator, speaker: Cic — • 
5. A player, actor: Cic. «j[ Hence, 
Fr. acteur. 

2. Actor, 5ris, m. Actor ; a man's 
name. — Hence, Actor-ides, s&, m. 
Descendant of Actor, i. e. Pat rod us. 

actuari6-lum, i, n. dim. [actua- 
rium (uncontr. Gen.) actuario-i] A 
small row-vessel : Cic. 

1. actu-arius, a, um, adj. [2. 
actus (uncontr. Gen.), actu-is] (Per- 
taining to actus ; hence) Of a vessel : 
for rowing, row-: navis, Cses. — As 
Subst.: actuarium, ii, n. (sc. nav- 
igium), A row-vessel: Cic. 

2. actu-arius, ii, m. [id.] (One 
pertaining to actus ; hence) 1. A short- 
hand writer: Suet. — 2. A clerk who 
keeps the public accounts, etc.: Eutr. 

actuos-e, adv. [actuos-us] Active- 
ly, with activity or vivacity : Cic. 

actu»osiis, a, um, adj. [2. actus 
(uncontr. Gen.), actu-is] Full of per- 
formance, i. e. full of activity, very 
active, etc.: virtus, Cic: (Comp.) ani- 
mus actuosior, Sen. 

1. ac-tus (for ag-tus), a, um, P. of 
ag-o.— As Subst.: 1. actum, i, n. (A 
thing transacted ; hence), A public 
transaction (in the senate, before the 
people, or of a single magistrate) : Cic 
— 2. acta, orum, n.: a. Acta or acta 
diurna, A register of public acts; re- 
cords ; a journal : Tac — b. A regis- 
ter, etc.: populi, Suet. 

2. ac-tus, us, m. [for ag-tus ; fr. 
ag-o] 1.: a. Prop.: The moving of 
an object, impidse; fertur in abrup- 
tum magno mons improbus actu, Virg. 
b. Me ton. : (a) The right of driving 
cattle through a place ; a passage for 
cattle: Cic— (b) A division made by 
bees in a hive: PL— 2.: a. The do- 
ing or performing of a tiling ; act, 
performance: in pravis actibus, Cic. 
— b. Public employment, business of 
state, esp. judicial: rerum, Suet. — c: 

(a) Of an orator: Action: Quint.— 

(b) Of an actor: (a) Prop.: There- 
presentation of a play ; a part, a charac- 
ter, etc. : Cic— (/3) Meton.: An act in 
a play : quinto nee sit productior actu 
Fabula, Hor.— (y) Fig.: An act: im- 
probitatis, Cic f Hence, Fr. acte. 

actu-tum, adt\ [2. actus (un- 

contr. Gen.), actu-is] Immediately, in< 
stantly: Cic; Virg. 

acule-atus, a, nm, adj. [acule-usj 
I. Prop.: Furnished with stings or 
prickles ; thorny, prickly: PI. II. 
Fig.: A. Stinging, pointed, sharp: 
literao, Cic — B. Subtle, cunning : soph- 
ismata, Cic. 

acu-leus, i, in. dim. [1. acus (un- 
contr. Gen.), acu-is] (A little acus; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. Of animals: 1, 
The sting of a bee : Cic. — 2. The spur 
' of a cock : Col. — B. Of plants : A 
thorn or prickle: I'l. — C. Of an ar- 
row or dart : the point : Liv. II. Fig.: 
A sting : severitatis, Cic 

acu-men, mis, n. [acu-o] (The 
thing sharpened; hence), I. Prop. : 
A. A point: stili, Cic. — Particular 
phrase: Auspicium ex acuminibus, 
An omen from the points ; a military 
omen of victory, when the spears or 
lances stuck in the ground suddenly 
began to shine or burn at the points: 
Cic — B. The sting of an animal : 
scorpii, Cic II. Meton.: Of the 
taste : Sharpness, pungency : PL III, 
Fig.: Of the mind: A. Acuteness, 
shrewdness, acumen, penetration: ad- 
movit acumina chartis, Hor. — B. 
Cunning, subtlety: dialectici se com- 
pungunt suis acuminibus, Cic — 
C. Fraud, deceit, craft : meretricis, 
Hor. _ 

acumln-o, avi, atum, are, l.v. a. 
[acumen, acumin-is] I. To m.ake 
pointed, to sharpen: telum, PL II. 
To bring to a point, make pointed: 
cornu lunae, PL 

ac-uo, tii, utum, tiere, 3. v. a. 
[root AC ; akin to Gr. a/< •<,•;] I. Pro p.: 
To make sharp or pointed; to sharpen, 
whet: ferrum, Virg. II. Fig.: A.: 
1. Of the tongue: To what; to sharp- 
en, exercise, improve: Cic- 2. With 
Personal pron. : To exercise one's self, 
to make one's self fit or capable: acu- 
eram me ad exagitandam hanc lega- 
tionem, Cic— 3. Of mental qualities, 
etc.: To sharpen: mentem, Cic — B. 
To spur on, incite, drive on: dure 
res ilium acuebant, Cic: curisacuens 
mortalia corda, Virg. — C: 1. To 
rouse up, kindle, excite, or influence 
something : Martem, rouses up valour , 
Virg. — 2. If the passion is already in 
existence : To augment, increase: fur- 
ores, Virg. 

1. ac-us, us, /. [ac-uo] (Prop.: A 
sharpening; Meton.: A thing sharp- 
ened; hence) 1. Gen.: A needle^ or 
pin : acu pingere, to embroider, Virg. 
— Pro v.: Acu rem tangere, To touch 
the thing with a needle, i. e. to hit the 
nail on the head: Plaut,— 2. Esp.: 
a. A serving -needle, a needle used in 
surgery : Cic— b, A hair-pin : Mart. 

2. ac-us, i, m. [id.] (The pointed 
one) A sea-fish with a sharp pointed 
snout ; the horn-back or needle-fish ' 

acut-e, adv. [acut-us] 1. Of th« 
voice : Sharply, clearly, in a treble tone: 
sonare, Cic— 2. Of the sight : Sharp- 
ly, clearly: cernere, Lucr.-— 3. Of the 
intellectual faculties : Acutely, i 



(Conip.) acntius tractare, Cic: (Sup.) 
acutissime cogitare, id. 

aeut-ulus, a, urn, adj. dim. facut- 
us] Someichat acute, subtle, etc.: con- 
clusioiies, Cic. 

&cti-tus, a, um.: 1. P. of acu-o.— 

2. Pa.: a. Prop.: Sharpened, sharp, 
pointed: saxa, Hor. — b. Me ton. : 
(a) Sharp, shrill, etc.: hinnitus, Virg. 
— A dverbialexpression: Acut- 
um, Shrilly: Hor.— (b) Of things 
affecting the body : Violent, severe: 
sol, Hor.— As Subst.: acuta, orum, 
n. Severities, hardships, perils: belli, 
Hor.— (c) Of the scent : Sharp, pung- 
ent : (Comp.) acutiora fiunt costo, 
qua3 maxime nares feriunt, PL— 
c. Fig.: Of intellectual qualities: 
Acute, intelligent, sagacious : (Sup.) 
homo acutissimus, Hor. — Ad v e r b i- 
al expression: Acutum, Acutely, 
sharply: Hor. % Hence, Fr. aigu. 

ad (old form ar, Plaut.), prmp. c. 
Ace: I.: A. Prop.: Of space: 1. 
Direction towai'ds : To, towards : du- 
plices tendens ad sidera palmas, Virg. 
~2. The point at which any thing 
arrives : a. Without reference to the 
space traversed : To, up to, down to: 
u't ex tani alto dignitatis gradu ad 
Buperos videatur pervenisse, Cic. — 
Particular expressions: (a) 
Ad me or aliquem=ad meam or ali- 
cujusdomum: Ter.; Cses.— (b) With 
the name of a deity in the Gen., ellipt- 
ical for ad templum or 83d em : ad 
Diana3, Ter. : ad Opis, Cic— (c) With 
verbs which involve a hostile idea : 
Against: Belgarum copias ad se venire, 
Cass. — b. With reference to the space 
traversed : To, even to : quum sudor 
ad imos Manaret talos, Hor.— 3.: a. 
if ear to, by, at: errantem Permessi ad 
mrmina Galium, Virg. — b. Of per- 
sons: (a) Among: ad hostes bellum 
apparatur, Liv. — (b) Before: adjudic- 
es sic agi solet, Cic. B. Fig.: 1.: 
a. To: animus ad vitia propensior, 
Cic— b. To, up to: virgis ad necem 
casdi, Cic. — 2. Of time : a. About, 
towards: ad vesperum, Cic— b. Till, 
until, to, even to, up to : Sophocles ad 
summam senectutem tragoedias fecit, 
Cic — c. At, on, in, by: ad horam de- 
Btinatam, At the hour designated, Cic — 

3. Of amount : a. Near, near to, 
almost, about, towards: annos ad quadr- 
aginta natus, Cic — b. To, unto, or 
even to: miles viatica ad assem Per- 
diderat, to the last farthing, Hor,— 
Particular phrase: Ad ununi, 
etc., omnes, or simply ad unum, etc.: 
(All to one or up to one; hence) AH 
together ', all without exception: Cic; 
Virg. — 4.: a. Of reference, <?&.: With 
regard to, in respect of, in relation to, 
as to, in: ad rationem solcrtiamque 
prsestantior, Cic— b. Of agreement 
or conformity : (a) Agreeably to, ac- 
cording to, after : ad eorum arbitritim, 
Cic — Particular expression: 
Ad speciem : (a) For show, display, or 
ornament: Cic — (/3) For appearance 
sake: Cass. — (b) According to, at, on, 
in, consequence of: ad horum preces, 
LI v.— c. Of the object j end, or aim: 


To, for: ad cursum equus, ad aran- 
lium bos, ad indagandum canis, Cic: 
ad frena leones, Virg.: servi ad re- 
mum, servants at the oar (—oarsmen), 
Liv. — d. Of comparison: To, com- 
pared to or with, in comparison with: 
nihil ad tuum equitatum, Cic. — 5. 
Ad verbial phrases : a. Ad omnia, 
Withal, to crown atf : Liv. — b. Ad hoc, 
ad haac, Moreover, besides, in addition: 
Sail.; Liv.; Hor. — c. Ad id quod, 
besides that: Liw-— d. Ad aliquem or 
aliquid, Concern ing or belonging to some 
person or thing : Cic — e. Ad tempus : 
(a) At a definite, fixed time: Cic. — (b) 
At a fit, appropriate time: Cic — 
( ) For some (short) time: Cic — (d) 
According to opportunity or circum- 
stances : Cic. — f. Ad prassens or pra> 
sentiam : (a) For Vie moment, for a 
short time: Cic. — (b) At the present, 
now: Tac — g. Ad locum, On the spot: 
Liv. — h. Ad verbum, Word for word, 
literally: Cic. — j. Ad suminum : (r) 
On the whole, generally, in general: 
Cic. — (b) In a word, in short: Cic. — 
k. Ad extremum, ad postremum : 
(a) Of place: At the extremity , extreme 
point, top, etc.: Liv. — (b) Of time: 
At last, finally: Cic— (c) Of order : 
Finally, lastly : Cic — (d) Of degree : 
Wholly and entirely, totally, quite: Liv. 
— m. Ad ultimum, To the last degree, 
utterly: Liv. 1&W Placed after its 
case.: quam ad, Ter.: ripam ad Araxis, 
Tac. II. In Composi ti on : A. 
Ace. to the usual orthography, the 
d of the ad remains unchanged before 
voAvels, and before b, d, h, m, v : ad-eo, 
ad-bibo, ad-duco, ad-hibeo, ad-mo veo, 
ad-venio. — It is assimilated to c,f, g, 
I, n, p, r, s, t: ac-cipio, af-figo, ag- 
gero, al -labor, an-numero, ap-pello, 
ar-ripio, as-sumo, at-tinco. — Before 
g and s it sometimes disappears : a- 
gnosco, a-spicio, a-sto. — Before qu it 
passes into c: ac-quiro, ac-quiesco. - - 
B. Signification : 1. Prop.: Of 
place : a. To, towards : accedo. — b. 
At, by, near, beside: accolo, appono. 
— C. To, on to : adjungo. — d. On, up- 
on : accumbo. — e. At, against : ac- 
clino. — f. Vp,upicards,upto: assurgo, 
attollo. — 2. Fig.: a. To, towards: 
advesperascit. — b. At: admiror, ag- 
gemo.— c. Of degree or comparison : 
To, with: adasquo. — d, Of augmenta- 
tion : In addition, further, besides: 
addisco, addoceo. — e. To denote com- 
mencement: adamo, no. I. — f. To denote 
reference or relation : agnosco. — g. 
Completeness, or a high degree of any 
thing; adamo, no. IT. N.B. Without 
any perceptible additional force : ac- 
cresco, no. II. : acquie co. UW In 
words denoting relationship ad or at 
marks the fifth degree from a person (not 
included) : atavus, adnepos or atnepos. 
adac-tlo, onis, /. [for adag-tio ; 
fr. adag, true root of adig-o] A driving 
or urging to: jurisjurandi, Liv. 

1. adac-tus (for adag-tus), a, 
um, P. of adig-o, through true root 


2. adaotus, us,w. [for adag-tus ; 
fr. adag , true root of adig-o] (A bring- 

ing to or together; hence) An apphea* 
Hon : dentis, i. e. a bite, Lucr. 

ad-seque, adv. In like manner, 
equally so (always with negatives) : 

ad-asquo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
and «..: I„ Act.: A.: 1. Prop.: To 
make equal to, or level with : tecta solo 
adajquare, i. e. to level to the ground, 
Liv. — 2. Fig.: a. To nmke equal 
bring to an equality: cum virtute for- 
tunam, Cic — b. To make of equal 
duration with : commemoratio nostri 
nominis cum omni tempore ad- 
asquanda, Cic. — c. To compare to or 
with: genus mortis Alexandri fatis, 
Tac B.: 1. Prop.: To reach, or 
rise, to a level with : muri altitudinem, 
Cees.— 2. Fig.: To attain to, reach, 
equal: deorumvitam, Cic II. Keut. : 
A. Prop.: To be equal or on a level : 
moenibus adaequare, Hirt. B. Fig.: 
To be equal in degree, etc.: virtute 
nostris, Cass. 

ad-alllgo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To bind or fasten to; to attach : vermi- 
culos brachio, PL 

adamant-eus, a, um, adj. [adam- 
as, adamant-is] (Prop.: Of steel, iron, 
etc.; Fig.) Hard as steel: nares, Ov. 
t adamantinus, a, um, adj.= «Sa/x- 
dv7ivo<; : I. Prop.: Adamantine: 
saxa, Lucr. II. Fig.: Extremely hard, 
firm, inflexible: clavi, Hor. ^j" Hence, 
Fr. adamantin. 

adamas, antis, m. (Ace. always in 
Or. form adamanta) — aSa/x«s (invinc- 
ible) : A. Iron or steel of the hardest, 
kind : solido adamante columnar, Virg. 
— B. A diamond: Mart. % Hence, 
Fr. diammit. 

Xdamastus, i, m. ,' AScc/u.aa-ros (un- 
subdued). Adamastus ; a man's name. 

ad-ambiilo, avi, atum, are, 1. v.a. 
To walk by or near: Plaut. 

ad-amo, avi, atum, are, 1. v.a.: 
I. To begin to love, to conceive an affec- 
tion for: duritiam in Socratico ser- 
mone, Cic: Mi-eus adamatus Homero, 
Ov. II. To love exceedingly : si vir- 
tutem adamaveris, am are enim parum 
est, Sen. 

ad-aperlo, tii, tarn, ire, 4. v.a:. 

I. Prop.: To open, throw open: fores, 
Liv. II. Me ton.: A. To uncover, to 
bare: caput, Sen.— B. To make visible: 
cesium, PL III. Fig.: A. To open: 
aures, Curt. — B. To manifest: ada- 
perta fides, Stat. 

adapert-Ilis, e, adj. [adaperio; 
(Sup.) adapert-um] That may be open- 
ed: latus, Ov. 

ad-apto, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To fit or adjust to a thing : Suet. % 
Heiice, Fr. adapter. 

ad«aqu-o,avi,atum,are,l.t\a. [ad; 
aqu-a] To bring water to, to water: PL 

ad-aqu-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [id.] I. Of persons : To brine 1 or 
procure water for one's self: Hirt. 

II. Of cattle : To go to drink: Suet. 

1. adatic-tiis (for adaug-tus), a t 
um, P. of adaug-eo. 

2. adauc-tus, us, m. [for adaug- 
tus; f r. adaug-eo] An increase, growth 



ad-augSo, xi, ctum, gere, 2. v. a.: 
I. To increase or augment: ad id ad- 
augendum, Cic. II. Sacrificial t.t.: 
To consecrate an offering: Plaut. 

ad-augesco, ho per/, nor sup,, 
escere, 8. v. a. To begin to increase, to 
grow, etc. : stridor, Cic. 

adaug-men, inis, n. [adang-eo] 
An increase, augmentation: Lucr. 

adaxint, v. adigo. 

ad-bibo, bibi, bibitum, bibere, 3. 
v. a. : I, Prop.: To drink : quando ad- 
bibero, alludiabo, Plaut. II. Fig.: 
To imbibe, drink in, lay to heart (a 
speech, doctrine, etc.); i.e. to listen to 
attentively: puro Pectore verba, Hor. 
•ff Hence, Fr. abreuver. 

ad-blto, no per/, nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. n. To come near, approach : Plaut. 

ado, v. ace. 

ad-decet, no per/, nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. impers. It is Jit or proper ; it 
behoves: Plaut. 

ad=denso, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.: 
I. G-en.: To make thick, close, or com- 
pact : acies, 7irg. II. E s p. : Pass, in 
reflexive foice: To make itself, etc., 
thick; to become thick; to thicken: 
aquam addeiisari, PI. 

ad-dico, xi, ctum, cere (Per/. Ind. 
addixti for addixisti, Mart. : — Imperat. 
add ice, Plaut.), 3. v. a. (To speak to a 
matter ; hence) I. Prop. : A. Of an 
omen : To be propitious to, to favour: 
auspicanti aves non addixerunt, Liv. 
— B. Law t.t.: 1. Alicui aliquid or 
aliquem, To award, or adjudge a per- 
son or thing to one: Cic. — 2. Aliquem 
in aliquid, To assign over, or award 
for some purpose: Liv. — 3. Addicere 
litem (sc. judici), To give over a cause 
to the judge: Gell.— C. In auctions: 
To make over to the highest bidder, to 
knock down to (with price in Abl.): qui 
bona Kabirii nummo sestertio sibi 
addici velit, Cic— D. Addicere bona 
alicujus in publicum, To adjudge to 
the public treasury, or to the fiscus ; to 
confiscate : Cass. II. M e t o n. : To sell, 
to make over : Antonius regna addixit 
pecunia,Cic III. Fig.: A.: 1. G-en.: 
To deliver, yield, or make over to : Galli- 
arn servituti, Caes. — 2. E sp. : a. In a 
good sense : To devote, to consecrate to : 
senatui me semper addixi, Cic. — b. In 
a bad sense : To give up, to sacrifice, to 
abandon : libidini nos addixit,Cic. — B. 
To ascribe or attribute a writing to one, 
etc.: nomini ejus addicuntur, Gell. 

addic-tio, onis, /. [addic-o] An 
assigning or assignment by a praetor: 
possessionum, Cic. 

1. addic-tus, a, mn: 1. P. of ad- 
dic-o.— 2. Pa. : a. In a good sense : 
Inclined, devoted, etc.: sententiis, Cic. 
— b. In a bad sense: (a) Devoted, de- 
stined: aiitibus atque canibas Hector* 
Hor. —(b) Compelled, forced, bound, 
necessitated: jurare in verba magistri, 

2. addiotus, i, m. [addic-o] (One 
warded by the praetor to another; 
h(-- :cc) A bondman for debt, given up 
to his creditor as a servant : Liv. 

ad-disco, didiei, no sup., discere, 

3. v.a.x I. To learn in addition: ad- 


disctint aliquid, Cic. II. To be in- 
formed of, to hear : Just. 

addita-nientnm, i, n. [addo, 
through obsol. freq. addit(a)-o] An 
addition, accession: inimicorum, Cic 

add-itus, a, um : 1. P. of add-o. 
—2. Pa.: (Placed near one as a con- 
stant observer; hence) Persecuting, 
oppressing, inimical: Teucris addita 
Juno, Virg. 

ad-divino, no per/, nor sup., are, 
l.v.a. To divine, prognosticate: PI. 

ad-do, dldi, ditum, dere, 3. v. a.: 

I. Prop.: To put by, near, or beside ; 
to put, bring, carry, place a person or 
thing to or near another ; to add: eas 
epistolas in eundem fasciculum, Cic. 

II. Fig.: A. Gen. : To bring near or 
to ; to add to, to give : quos tu laudando 
animos mihi addidisti, Cic— Parti- 
cularphrase: Addere alicui calcar, 
To give one the spur, to spur one on: 
Hor. B. Esp. : 1. To add to by way 
of increase; to join or annex to; to 
augment : uno addito grano, Cic : 
noctem addens operi, i. e. employing 
the night also in the work: Virg. — 
Particular phrases: a. Addere 
gradum (sc. gradui) : To add step to 
step, i. e. to increase one's pace, or go 
faster: Plaut.— Hence, Quadrigae Ad- 
dunt in spatia, i. e. spatia spatiis 
addunt, they add space to space : Yirg. 
- b. Addito tempore, In time : Tac. — 
2.: a» Adde (hue, quod, etc.), Add to 
this; add to this the circumstance that; 
add besides or moreover: Liv.; Hor. — 
b. To add any thing : addebat etiam 
so in legem Voconiam juratum contra 
earn facere non audere, Cic— 3. Auc- 
tion 1. 1. : Nihil addo, / add nothing, I 
do not bid any more: Cic. 

ad~dSceo, no per/, nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. a. To teach besides ,■ to teach : ebrietas 
addocet artes, Hor. 

ad-dormi-sco, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. n. inch, [ad ; dormi-o] To 
fall asleep : Suet. 

ad«dubito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
and a: I. Neut.: To be in doubt : quid 
potius dicat, Cic: num a Volumnio 
senatore esset, id. : an hoc inhonestum 
Necne sit, addu bites, Hor.: (Impers. 
Pass.) addubitatum est, Liv. II. Act.: 
To be doubtful of, to call in question : 
rem, Cic 

ad-duco, xi, ctum, cere (Imperat., 
adduce for adduc, Plaut.: — Perf. Ind., 
adduxti for adduxisti, Ter.: — Inf., ad- 
duxe for adduxisse, Plaut.) : I. P r o p. : 
A. Gen.: To lead or bring to; to take 
or conduct to: gentes in Italiam, Cic: 
(with Ace. dependent on prep, in verb) 
dextris adducor litora remis, Ov. B. 
Esp.: 1. Of a place which is, as it 
were, brought nearer : To bring to 
one : adductum propius Tarentum, 
Hor.— 2. To take, lead, or carry any 
one with one's self, or in one's train: 
quos secum Mitylenis Cratippus ad- 
duxit, Cic — 3. To bring or draw to 
one's self : habenas, quas vel adducas, 
vel remittas, i. e. tighten, Cic — 4. Of 
the skin, etc. : To wrinkle, contract : Ov. 
—5. Of the brow: To contract from 
anxiety, grief, trouble, etc. : Quint. 

II. Fig. : A. To bring on, occasion: 
febres, Hor. - B« To bring to an end or 
limit, or into a certain condition ; to 
put into a certain position, etc.: in in- 
vidiam falso crimine, Cic — C. To 
bring to a certain act, feeling, etc. ; to 
prompt, excite, or move to : ex eorum 
sermonibus adducor utsperem, Cic— 
D. Pass, with ellipse of Inf. (credere, 
etc.): To be induced to believe, to be con- 
vinced, to believe: ego non adducor, 
quemquam bonum ullam salutem put- 
are mihi tanti f uisse, Cic. 

adduct-ius, comp. adv. [addttct- 
tts] More harshly, seriously, etc. : Tac 

adduc-tus, a, um: 1. P. of a<i- 
duc-o. — 2» Pa. : a. Prop. : Stretched, 
strained, drawn tight, contracted: vul- 
tus, Suet. — b. Fig. : Of character : 
Grave, serious, severe : Tac 

ad-edOj edi, esum, ere (adest = ad- 
edit,Luc),3. v. a.: I. Prop.: To begin 
to eat, to bite : in perf. and tenses deriv- 
ed from it, to eat up, to consume: soepe 
favos ignotus adedit Stellio,Virg. II. 
M e t o n. : Of fire : To consume, destroy : 
extis adesis, Liv. III. Fig.: To use 
up, consume, waste money, etc.: adesa 
pecunia, Cic. 

adem-pti'o (-tlo), onis, /. [fr. 
AD em, true root of adim-o] A taking 
away, a seizure : civitatis, Cic 

adem-ptus (-tus), a, um, P. of 
adim-o, through true root adem. 

1. ad-eo, ivi or li, ltum, ire, v.n. 
and«.: I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To go to, 
or approach : 1 . Neut. : ad istum f und- 
um, Cic — 2. Act.: Stygios manes, Ov. 
B. E sp.: 1 . To go to, or up to one, for 
the purpose of addressing, etc. : a. 
Act. : aliquot me adierunt, Ter. — 
Particular phrases: (a) Adire 
aliquem per epistolam, To approach 
one in vriti?ig or by letter : Plaut. — (b) 
Adire deos, aras, deorum sedes, etc., 
To approach the gods, their altars, etc., 
as a suppliant : Cic; Tib.— (c) Adire 
libros Sibyllinos, etc., To go to the 
Sibylline Books, etc, in order to obtain 
advice from them : Liv. ; Virg.— b. 
Neut.: ad me, Cic— -2. To go to in 
order to examine; to visit: oppida 
castellnque, Sail. — 3. To rush upon in 
a hostile manner ; to assail, attack : a, 
Neut.: prior adito tu, ego, etc., Ter. — 
b. Act.: virum, Virg. II. Fig.: A. 
To go to the performance of an act ; to 
enter upon, expose ones self to, under- 
take, set about, undergo, submit to: 1, 
Neut.: ad causas, Cic. — 2. Act.: per- 
iculum capitis, Cic — B. Of an inher- 
itance : To enter on : hereditatem pa- 
tris, Cic — C To attain to : Graios 
sales carmine patrio, Virg.— D. Of a 
name : To assume (under a will) : Veil, 

2. ad-eo, adv. [prob. for ad-eom ; 
fr. ad ; eom=eum, Ace. of is,} I. : A. To 
denote the limit : 1. Of space : So far, 
as far : surculum artito usque adeo, 
quo, etc., Cato. — 2. Of time: So long 
(as) ; so long (till): usque adeo ho- 
minem in periculo-fuisse, quoad, etc., 
Cic— B . To denote intensity or degree: 
In the same degree, or measure, ov pro- 
portion . . . in whicli or as : ^deo irv 
venustus aut infelix, ut, etc., Ter. - 



C/. : 1. Moreover, besides: tibi adeo 
lectus dabitur, Plant. — 2 . Adeo ut, In 
order that, to the end that: Plant. — D. 
In narration : Yet, on the contrary, etc. : 
adeo ilium mentiri sibi eredet, Plant. 
CI. : A* To give emphasis : So, so 
much, so very: adeone hospes knjus 
urbis, ut hsec nescias ? Cic. : non 
obtusa adeo gestamus pectora Pceni, 
Virg. : adeo astutus, Ter. ( — Parti- 
cular phrases: Adeo non . . . ut ; 
adeo nihil . . . ut ; So little that, so far 
from that: Liv. — B. Used enclitically : 
1. After Pronn. : a. Just, precisely, 
even, indeed: heec adeo ex illo mihi 
jam speranda fuerunt, Virg. — b. And 
(intensive), and just, etc.: id adeo, si 
placet, considerate, Cic. — c. Indeed, I, 
otc, for my part : nee me adeo fallit, 
Virg.— d. Ipse adeo, Own self, self in- 
deed : ipsum adeo contuor, Plaut. — 2. 
Atque adeo, And more ; and more than 
this; and further, in addition, besides: 
hoc significant» atque adeo aperte 
ostendunt, Cic. — 3. With si, nisi, etc.: 
Jf or unless indeed: Plaut.; Ter. — 4. 
With adverbs: Indeed: jam adeo, 
Vh*g.: vix adeo, id. — 5. Indeed, even, 
very, fully: tres adeo incertos ca^ca 
caligine soles Erramus, three whole 
days we icander about, Virg. — 6. With 
sive or aut, Or indeed, or rather : Cic; 
Plaut.— 7. With Imperat. : Yet : pro- 
pera adeo, Ter, — C. Indeed, truly, very, 
so entirely: nee sum adeo informis, 
Virg. — D.: 1. To denote what exceeds 
expectation : Even : quam adeo cives 
Thebani rumificant pro bam, and whom 
even the Thebans (who are always 
ready to speak evil of others) declare 
to be an honest woman, Plaut. — 2. Be- 
sides, too, over and above: hsec adeo 
tibi me . . . fari omnipotens Saturnia 
jussit, Virg. III. After Cicero : A. 
For: adeo prope omnis senatus Plan- 
nibalis erat,Liv.: non verbis commot- 
ior (adeo iram condiderat), cuncta- 
que, etc., Tac. — B. So, thus: adeo in 
teneris consuescere multurn est, Virg. 
— C. Rather, indeed, nay: adeo, quanta 
rerum minus, tauto minus cupiditatis 
erat, Li\£. — D. So much the more or 
less; mueik less than, still less: netecta 
quidem urbis, adeo publicum consili- 
um nunquffm acliit, Tac. 

adeps, Tpis, comm. gen. [prps. akin 
to Greek aAei^a, Mol. aAi7T7ra.oil,fat] 
f. Prop.: The soli fat or grease of 
animals : PL II. M e t o n . : Of men : 
Corpulence: Cic. III. Fig.: Of a 
speaker : Bombast : Quint. 

adep-tio, onis,/. [for adap-tio ; fr. 
adap, true root of adip-iscor] An 
obtaining, attainment: boni, Cic. 

adep-tus (for adap-tns), a, urn. P. 
of adip-iscor, through true root adap. 

ad-eqixlto, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
I. To ride to, towards, or tip : ad nos- 
tros, Cres.: eastris, Tac. II. To ride 
near: juxta aliquem. Suet. 

ad-erro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. 7i. 
To wander up to : I. Prop.: scopulis, 
Stat. II. Fig. : ululatus aderrat 
Auribus, Stat. 

adesdttm or ades dum {Imperat. 
of adsum with dum). 

ad-esurio, ivi, itum, Ire, 4. v. n. 
To hunger after: Plaut. 

ade-sus (for aded-sus), a, urn : 1. 
P. of aded-o.— 2. Pa.: {Eaten ; hence) 
Worn away by water, smooth, polished: 
lapides, Hor. 

adf., adg., v. aft, agg. 

ad-hsereo, si, sum, rere, 2. v. n. 

I. Pro p. : To cleave, stick, or hang on ; 
to adhere: fronte cuspis, Ov. : navis 
ancoris, is fastened to the anchors, Tac. 

II. M e t o n. : A. Of things as subjects : 
To hang on to, i. e. to be close to, adjoin, 
touch, border upon, etc.: vineis modica 
silva adhaa'ebat, Tac— B. Of living 
beings as subjects : To keep close to, 
not to go from : later i adhasrere gravem 
dominum, Liv. III. Fig.: A. To 
adhere, cling, cleave, stick, etc.: cui 
Canis cognomen adhasret, Hor. — B. Of 
time : Part. Pres. : Present : Quint. 
If Hence, Fr. adherer. 

adhsere-sco, haosi, bassum, hasr- 
escere, 3. v. n. inch, [adhasre-o] I. 
Prop.: To stick, or hang on; to adhere: 
tragula ad turrim, Cass. II. M e t o n. : 
To stick, i. e. to remain or sojourn at, 
etc., a place : in his locie, Cic. : ad 
columnam {sc. Masniam), to remain 
fixed tipon the debtor s column, i. e. to 
be punished as a fraudulent debtor, id. 

III. Fig.: A. To adhere, cleave, cling, 
etc.: adquamcunque disciplinam,Cic. 
— B. To be at a standstill, to falter, etc. : 
oratio ita libere fluebat, ut nunquam 
adhreresceret, Cic. — C. To be joined 
close to a thing ; to fit to or suit : si non 
omnia ad omnium vestrum studium 
adhasrescerent, Cic. 

adha;sIta-tio, onis, /. [adhajreo, 
through obsol. freq. adha3sit(a)-o] An 
adhering, adhesion: Cic. 

adhse-sus, €is, m. [for adhasr-sus; fr. 
adha?r-eo] An adhering, adhesion: Lucr. 

ad-halo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To breathe on : f ungos, PL 

Adherbal, alis, m. Adherbal: 1. 
A Numidian prince, son of Micipsa. — 
2. A Carthaginian commander in the 
second Punic war. 

ad-hibeo, ui, itum, ere, 2. v. a. 
[for ad-habeo] I.: A. Prop.: To hold 
or apply to some other object ; to direct 
towards: mantis medicas ad vulnera, 
Virg.: alicui calcaria, Cic. B. Fig.: 
1 . To apply, give : animos, Virg. : neque 
est ad vulgus adhibenda {sc. oratio), 
Cic. — 2. To add to: quatuor initiis 
rerum quintam hanc naturam, Cic. — 
II.: A. Of persons: To bring to, i.e. 
to make use of for any thing : sive 
medicum adhibueris, sive non adhib- 
ueris, non convalesces, Cic. : (with 
second Ace. of further definition^: hos 
oastris adhibe socios, these as allies, 
Virg. — Particular phrases : 1. 
Adhibere aliquem ad or in concilium ; 
or simply adhibere, To send for or 
summon one in order to receive counsel 
{from him); to co?isult one: Caas.; PL; 
Cic. — 2. Adhibere in consilium, To 
admit to a consultation, to take into one's 
counsel: Cic. — 3. Adhibere aliquem, 
epulis, etc., To invite one to a banquet, 
etc.: Virg.; Hor. — 4. To treat in a 
\ particular way : uni versos liberaliter, 

Cic. — 5, Adhibere se ad aliquid, TV 
betake or apply one's self to a thing t 
i. e. to devote attention to it: Lacr. — 6. 
Adhibere se, To appear or to behave 
one's self in any manner: Cic. — B. Of 
things as objects : To employ, use, make 
use of, etc.: in amicorum periculis. 
fidem, Cic— Particular phrasest 

I. Adhibere modum, To set a limit to, 
to set bounds to: vitio, Cic. — 2. Ad- 
hibere memoriam contumelias, To r& 
tain an affront in memory: Sep. 

adhib-Itus, a, urn, P. of adhib-eo, 
ad-hinnlo, ivi or li, itum, ire, 4. 

v. n. To neigh to or towards: I. Prop.; 

Of horses : equus adhinnit equaa, Ov. 

II. Fig.: Of persons : ad illius ora* 
tionem, Cic 

adhorta-tio, onis, /. [adhort(a)- 
or] An exhortation, encouragement: Cic. 
adhorta-tor, oris, m. [id.] An 
exhorter, encourager: opcris, Liv. 

adhorta-tus, a, um, P. ot ad- 

ad-hortor, atussum, ari, l.v. dep. 
To exhort, encourage, or incite to a 
thing: milites, Cic: (folld. by Subj.): 
properent, Ter.: (folld. by ut or ne c. 
Sabj.) ut velint, Cic: ne destitueret, 
Suet. : {witfwut Object) mi Ho adhort- 
ante, Tac 
ad-huc, adv.: 1. Of place, etc.: To 
1 this place, hitherto, thus far : adhnc ea 
dixi, Cic. —2. Of measure or degree : 
: So far, to such a degree: adhnc impud- 
, ens, Cic. — 3. Of time : a. Until note, 
, hitherto, as yet: quod adhuc semper 
: tacui, Cic: adhuc locorum, Plaut.— 
i Particular combinations: (a) 
j Adhuc non, or neque adhuc, Until now 
i not, i. e. not up to this time; not yet; nor 
| {and both not) up to this time, or yet : 
! Cic; Virg. — (b) Nihil adhuc, Nothing 
] as yet, or not at all as yet: Cic— (c) 
! Nunquam adhuc, Never as yet, never 
| yet: Plaut. — b. To denote continuance 
: of action, etc. : Yet, still : stertis adhuc ? 
] are you still snoring ? Pers. : quis adhuc 
i precibus locus, Virg. — c. Antithetical 
| to aliquando,eic: At present, yet, now, 
\ etc. : quam conccdis adhuc artem 
! omnino non esse, sed aliquando, etc., 
Cic. — d. To denote that- a thing was 
! in a certain state, etc., before another 
1 thing happened: Still, yet, while yet: 
inconditam multitudinem adhuc dis- 
! jecit, Tac. — 4. Of inci'ease : a. Be- 
sides, further, in addition, moreover: 
addam minam adhuc, Plaut. — b. In 
comparisons, for emphasis : Yet, still: 
melius quidem adhuc eaj civitates {sc. 
faciunt), Tac. — 5. Even . Tellurem 
Nymphasque et adhuc ignota precatur 
Flumina, Virg. 
adicio, v. adjicio. 
ad-igo, egi, actum, igere (adaxint 
-adigant, Plaut.), d.v.a. [forad-ago] 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To drive, bring, 
or take to a place, etc. : Of cattle, per- 
sons, or things : pecore alonginquior- 
ibus vicis adacto, Cses.: me fulmine 
ad umbras, Virg.: turri adacta {sc. 
flamma) , Cses. B. E s p. : Of weapons : 
1. To plunge or thrust ; to drive home; 
ferro'per pectus adacto, Ov.— 2. To 
hurl or smd to or up t* a place, etc. 



fcormentum inismmi adigi non posset, j 
Qes. II. Fig.: A. To drive, urge,\ 
force, impel, or bring one to a situation, 
state of mind, act, etc. : adigis me ad 
insaniam, Ter.: vertere morsus Exig- 
uam in Cererem, Virg. : {without 
Object) adigit ita Postumia, Cic. — 
Particular phrases: 1.: a. Adi- 
gere aliquem ad jusjurandum, To put 
one on oath, to cause one to take an oath : 
Cass,— b. Adigere aliquem (jurejur- 
ando or sacramento) , To force one to 
something by oath; to bind by oath: 
Liv.;Tac— c. Adigere jusjurandum, 
To force or impose an oath upon a per- 
son : Liv. — d. Adigere aliquem in 
verba alicujus, To force one into the 
words of the oath of some one : Tac. — 

2. Adigere (aliquem) arbitrum, To 
force one to go to an umpire or to arbi- 
tration; to summon one, or to compel 
one to appear, before an arbitrer: Cic. 
— B. To subject: adactum legibus Is- 
trum, Stat.— C. Of time : To bring 
near, etc.: temptis, Lucr. — III. Met- 
on.: A. To work, form, fashion, shape: 
in faciem prorae pinus adacta novae, 
Prop.— B. Of a wound: To inflict: 
alte vulnus adactum, Virg. 

ad-imo, emi, emptum, lmgre (ad- 
orn psit=ademerit or adimat, Plaut.), 

3, v. a. [for ad-emo ; cf. emere] I. 
Gen.: To take a thing to one's self: 
multa ferunt amri venientes commod- 
a seoum, Multa recedentes adimunt, 
Iior. II. Esp.: With reference to 
the person, etc., from whom, etc., any 
thing is taken : {To take to one's self 
from another; hence) A. In a good 
yense : To take away, remove, free 
from : das adimisque dolores, Hor.— 
B, In a bad sense : To take away; to 
deprive, strip, or rob of: exercitus ad- 
imondns est, Cic: (with Dat.) vitam 
milri, id.: (with Inf. as Object) nee 
ademit posse reverti, Ov. 

adlp-atum, i, n. [adeps, adip-is] 
(A thing provided with adeps ; hence) 
Pastry, etc., prepared with fat: Juv. 

adip-atus, a, urn, adj. [id.] (Prop. : 
Provided with fat, greasy; Fig.) Of 
style : Coarse, gross: oratio, Oic. 

ad-ipiscor, eptus sum, Ipisci, 3. 
v. dep. [for ad-apiscor] I. Prop.: In 
space : A. To arrive at, reach : vix 
adipiscendi potestas fuit, Pl«v^t.— B. 
To reach, to overtake: fugientes Gallos, 
Liv. II. Fig.*- To attain to by effort, 
get possession of, obtain: senectutem 
ut adipiscantur omnes optant; ean- 
dem accusant adepti, Cic: (with Gen.) 
rerum, Tac— P a r t i c u 1 ar phr ase : 
Adipisci mortem, To commit suicide: 
Suet. ra~ In Pass, force : adeptam 
victoriam retinere, Sail. 

adi-tlo, onis, /. [adi, root of 1. 
ade-o] A going to, approach: (with 
Ace. ) quid tibi hanc aditio est ? Plaut. 

1. adi-tns, a, urn, P. of ade-o, 
through true root ADI. 

2. adl-tus, us, m. [adi, root of 1. 
adeo] I. P r o p. : A going to, approach : 
aditus ad eum difficilior, Cic: (with 
Dat.) rari aditus non alienismodo,sed 
etiam tutoribus, Liv. II. Me ton. 
An entrance, avenue, etc.: si portus, 


aditus, oognovisset, Caes. III. Fig.: 
A. Possibility, leave, means, ov permis- 
sion of approaching or of admittance; 
access: nactus aditus, Cass.: ad sum- 
mam auctoritatem, Cic— B. An en- 
trance, etc: ad causam, Cic. 

adjace-ns, ntis, P. of adjace-o.— 
As Subst.: adjacentia, lum, n. plur. 
(sc. loca) : Contiguous or adjacent 
places: in adjacentia crupturus, Tac 
*f Hence, Fr. adjacent, 

ad-jaceo, m, no step., ere, 2. v. n. 
To lie or be situate near ; to be contiguous 
or adjacent: With things or persons 
as subjects : quas (sc. regio) Aduaticis 
adjacet, Cass.: (with Ace. dependent on 
prep, in verb) : gentes mare, Nep. 

adjeotio, onis,/. [for adjac-tio; 
fr. ad J ac, true root of adjic-io] I. 
Prop.: An addition: adjectio populi 
Albani, Liv. II. Me ton. : A right 
of incorporation or settling amongst 
others : Hispalensibus familiarum ad- 
jectiones dedit, Tac 

1 . adjec-tus (for adjac-tus) , a, urn, 
P. of adjici-o, through true root adjao. 

2. adjec-tus, us,w. [for adjac-tus; 
fr. AD J ac, true root of adjic-io] An 
adding : odoris, Lucr. 

ad-jlcio, jeci, jectum, jicere (ad- 
icit, Mart.: adici, Stat.), 3. v. a. [for 
ad-jacio] I. To cast, fling, ov throw: 
ex locis superioribus telum, Caes. II. 
To throw or cast upon : proclamatque 
adici (*c. sidera) cervicibus Atlas, Stat. 
III.: A. Prop.: 1. Gen.: To throw 
or cast to or towards: album calculum 
errori, PI.— 2. Esp. : Of the eyes : To 
turn or direct towards : cupiditatis 
oculos ad omnia vestra adjecerunt, 
Cic B. Fig.: To turn or direct to- 
wards: an i mum ad consilium, Liv.— 
C. Met on.: To erect towards or near: 
rogum bustumve novum, Cic. IV. 
(To cast something in addition; hence) 
A. Prop. : To add: succos, Ov. B. 
Fig.: 1. To add: ad bellicam laudern 
ingenii gloriarn, Cic: adjecit in domo 
ejus esse venenum, Tac. — 2. In auc- 
tions : To add to a bidding ; to bid 
higher : supra adjecit, Cic 

ad-judico, avi. atum, are, 1. v. a. 
I. P r o p. : To award a thing judicially ; 
to adjudge: mulierem Veneri in servi- 
tutem , Cic— P articnlarphrase: 
Adjudicare causam alicui, To adjudge 
a suit to one, i. e. to decide a suit in one's 
favour, Cic. II. Fig.: To make a 
decision, to decide : adjudicate, cum 
utro sies, Plaut. III. Met on. : To 
impute, ascribe, attribute, or assign : 
mihi salutem imperii, Cic. f Hence, 
Fr. adjuger. 

adju-mentum, i, n. [for adjuv- 
mentum ; fr. adjuv-o] (The aiding 
thing; hence) Help, assistance: Cic. 

adj-anc-tio, onis, /. [for adjung- 
tio ; fr. adjung-o] I. Gen.: A joining 
ox adding to; union, conjunction: verb- 
orum, Cic. II. Esp.: A. An adding 
to by way of augmentation, an addi- 
tion: virtutis, Cic— B. A limiting 
addition; limitation, restriction ;_ esse 
quasdam cum adjunctionenecessitud- 
ines, Cic. f Hence, Fr. adjonction. 

adjune-tor, Oris, m. [for adjmig- 

tor; fr. adjung-o] One who adds, joins % 
or unites : Cic. 

adjunc-tus (for adjung-tus), a, 
um : 1 . P. of adjung-o.— 2. Pa. : Joined, 
added to, or connected with: (Comp.) 
qua? adjunctiora sunt, Cic. — As Subst.: 
a. adjunc-tum, i,n. A thing closely 
connected with, belonging or suitable to, 
something, etc. i pietatis, Cic — b, 
Plur.: Khjet. t. t. : Accessory circum- 
stances: Cic— c. Logic, t. t.: A con- 
ditional proposition: Cic 1 Hence»' 
Fr. adjoint. 

ad-jungo, xi, ctum, gSre, 3. v. a. 

I. Prop.: (To join, bind, ox fasten on 
to a thing; hence) A. Of animals: 
To yoke or harness to any thing : tigr- 
ibus adjunctis, Ov.— B. To fasten, 
bind, or attach to: ulmis vites, Virg. 

II. Fig.: A. : 1. To join, bind, or 
attach to: totam ad imperium populi 
Eomani Ciliciam, Cic: se viro, Virg. 
—2. To attach to one's self, etc. ; tc 
conciliate, make friendly : multas sibi 
tribus, Cic— 3.: a. To add or join on; 
to annex: juris scientiam, Cic — b. To 
add on to a statement, etc. : illud ad- 
junxi, Cic— B. To attach, apply, etc.: 
suspicionem potius an pragdam, quam 
ad egestatem, Cic. III. M e t o n. : A. 
To b?Hng or place close to or beside any 
thing : latcri castrorum adjuncta (sc. 
classis), Virg.— B. Part. Pass. : Of 
places : Situate or lying close to ; adjac- 
ent: fundo praedia adjuncta, Cic If 
Hence, Fr. adjoin dre. 

1. ad-juro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
I. To swear, affirm by oath, take an 
oath, etc.: adjuras id te non facturum, 
Cic. II. To swear by : per omnes tibi 
adjuro deos nunquam earn me deser- 
turum, Ter. : (with Ace. of Object sworn 
by) Stygii caput implacabile f otitis, 
Virg. III. To swear besides or in 
addition: prater jusjurandum haeo 
adjuraro, Liv. f Hence, Fr. adjurer. 

2. adjuro = adjuvero ; v. adjuvo. 
adjuta-bilis, e, adj. [adjut(a)-o] 

Helping, assisting : Plaut._ 

adju-to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
freq. [for adjuv-to ; fr. adjuv-o] To 
help, aid, assist: istoccine pacto me 
adjutas? Plaut.: (with double Ace.) 
id adjuta me, Ter. 

adjti-tor, oris, m. [for adjuv-tor ; 
fr. adiuv-o] I. Gen.: A helper, as- 
sistant: adjutores Stoicos habemus, 
Cic: tibi, adjutor, id. II. Esp.: A. 
An assistant, adjutant, deputy, etc. : 
Manlius adjutor datur, Liv.— B. Stage 
1. 1. : A subordinate actor : in scena solus 
constitit, nullis adjutoribus, Pha?d. 

adjutor-ium, ii, n. [adjutor] (A 
tiling pertaining to an adjutor ; hence) 
Help, aid, support, succour: Quint.; 

adj-a-trix, Ms,/, [for adjuv-trix; 
fr. adjuv-o] She who helps, supports, 
etc; a female assistant, helper, etc: 
quEe res Plancio in petitione fuisset 
adjutrix, Cic— As Adj. : Assisting, 
aiding : legiones, i. e. legions raised by 
the proconsul in the provinces, for the 
reinforcement of an army, Tac 

adjrJ-tns (for adjuv-tus), a, um, 
P. of adjuv-o. 



ad-j"fivOj ju7i, jutum,juv&re (Fut. 
Per/, adjuro for adjuvero, Cic: ad- 
jurit for adjuverit, Ter.), I. v. a. and 
n. I. P rop.: A. Act.: To help, assist, 
support : fortes fortunam adjuvare, 
Liv. : (with Ace. of Neut. Pron.) si 
quid ego adjuro curamvelevasso, Cic: 
(Impers.) eorem opinionem dSjuvabat, 
quod sine jumentis ad iter profectos 
videbant, Cass. — B. Neut. : To help, 
give assistance, etc.: ad verum prob- 
andum anctoritas adjuvat, Cic. II, 
Fig.: A. Act.: I. To cherish, sustain, 
fbster: adjuvandus (sc. error), Cic— 
2. To animate, encourage, etc.: clam- 
ore militem, Liv.— B. Neut.: To pro- 
fit, avail, be of use, be profitable; adjuvat 
hoc quoquej Hor. : in re mala animo 
si bono utare, adjuvat, Plaut. 
adl., v. all. 

ad-uiaturo, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. a. To mature: defectionem, Cass. 
admen-sus (for admet-sus), a, 
urn, P. of admet-ior. 

ad-metlor, mensus sum, metiri, 
4. v. dep. To measure or mete out : 
frumentum ex area, Die. 

Admetus, i, m. 'AS^^to? (Unsub- 
dued) Admetus: 1. A king of Pherce, 
in Thessaly, the husband of Alceste.— 2. 
A king of the Molossi, who protected 
Themistocles when a fugitive. 

ad-migro, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. n. (Prop.: To migrate to a place; 
Fig.) To be added to: Plaut. 

admlniciil-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [adminicul-um] To prop up, sup- 
port: I. Prop.: vites adminiculata; 
sudibus, PI. II. Pig.: id ipsum ex 
illis ITomericis versibus adminiculari 
potest, Gell. 

admmleul-or, atus sum, ari, 1. 

v. dep. [id.] To prop up , support : Cic. 

ad-nim-Ieulum, i, n. [prob. ad ; 

1. min-or,ormin-eo] (That tvhich serves 

for projecting, or lean ing against; hence) 

I. Prop.: A prop, stay, support; es- 
pecially, a stake or pole (around -which 
the vine twines, and by tvhich it is sup- 
ported) : vites claviculis adminicula, 
tamquam manibus, apprehendunt,Cic. 

II. Fig.: Support, assistance, succour, 
aid: id senectuti adminiculum fore, 
Liv. «f Hence, Fr. adminicule. 

ad-minister, tri, m. I. Gen.: A 
servant, attendant, assistant, etc. : A. 
Prop.: sine administris, Sail. B. 
Fig.: audacise, Cic. II. E s p. : Milit. 
t. L: One who is employed in working 
engines of war, a workman: opus et 
administros tutari, Sail. 

ad-mmistra, as,/. A female serv- 
vant or helper, a handmaid: Fig. : 
artes administrse virtutis, Cic. 

adnilaistra-tlo, 5nis,/. [admin- 
istr(a)-o] I, Prop.: A giving of aid; 
aid, assistance : sine hominum admin- 
istratione, Cic. II. Me ton.: Direc- 
tion, management, or administration : 
ab omni curatione et administratione 
rerum vacare, Cic. % Hence, Fr. ad- 

admSnistra-tiviis, a, ran. adj. 
[id.] Fit for administration, practical : 
ars, Quint. "[[ Hence, Fr. adminis- 


admlnistra-tor, oris,w. [id.] 1. 

manager, conductor, etc.: belli ger- 
endi, Cic. — 2. A servant, etc. : Cic. 
«{[ Hence, Fr. administrates. 

ad-mlnistro, avi, atum, arc, 1. v. 
a. and n. I. Act.: 'To take in hand, to 
take charge or care of; to manage, guide 
a person or thing ; to administer, ex- 
ecute, perform, accomplish, carry out, 
etc. : rempublicam, Cic. : (with Ace. 
to be supplied from context) militcs 
neque pro operc consistere, neque 
inter vineas sinepericulo administrare 
(sc. opus) poterant, Sail. II. Neut.: 
To attend, wait, serve : ad rem divinam, 
Plaut. *j[ Hence, Fr. administrer. 

admlra-bilis, e, adj. [admir(a)- 
or] 1. Pass.: Worthy of admiration, 
admirable: oratio. Cic: in dicendo 
admirabiles, id. — 2. Act.: That excites 
wonder, wonderful, strange, rare : 
(Co«i#.) admirabilius Romanos Grsec- 
ia pelii, Liv. "fl" Hence, Fr. admir- 

admirabil-Itas, atis,/. [admira- 
bil-is] (The quality of the admirabilis ; 
hence) 1. Admirableness, wonderful- 
ness : Cic. — 2. Admiration: Cic. 

admirabil-iter, adv. [id.] 1. Ad- 
mirably: Cic. — 2. In an astonishing 
manner^ Cic. 

admira-ndus, a um : 1. P. of 
admir(a)-or. — 2. Pa.: To be admired 
or wondered at, admirable, wonderful: 
admirandum in modum, Nop. 

admira-tio, onis,/. [admir(a)-or] 
1. An admiring; admiration: Cic — 
Particular phrase : In admir- 
atione esse, To be admired, PI. — 2. 
Wonder, surprise, astonishment: Cic. 
— P articular phrase: In admir- 
atione esse, To be an object of wonder 
or surprise: PI. — 3. A longing desire; 
divitiarum, Cic. *J Hence, Fr. ad- 

■ admlra-tor, oris, m. [id.] An ad- 
mirer: Quint. «|[ Hence, Fr. admir- 

ad-miror (ani-), atus sum, ari, 
1. v. dep.: 1. To admire, to regard with 
admiration : quorum ego copiam vehe- 
menter admiror,Cic. — 2. : a. To regard 
with wonder or astonishment ; to wonder 
or be astonished: admiratus sum brev- 
itatem ejus (sc. epistolas), Cic: admir- 
atus sum, quod ad me tua manu scrip- 
sisses, id. — b. (a) To gaze at passion- 
ately, to strive after a thing from 
admiration of it, to desire to obtain: 
nil admirari, to be dazzled by nothing, 
Hor. — (b) To look at a tiling enviously 
or with jealousy : invidia admirante : 
Prop. 1" Hence, Fr. admirer. 

ad-misceo, sciii, xtum or stum, 
score, 2. v. a. (To mingle in addition; 
hence) I. Prop.: To mix with, to 
admix : admixto calore, Cic : aquae 
calorem, id. II. F i g. : A. Of things 
as objects: To mingle, mix in with, 
etc.: stirpem Phrygian!, Virg.: versus 
orationi, Cic. — B. Of persons as ob- 
jects: 1. To add or join to : admisc- 
erenturne plebeii, Liv. — 2.: a. Gen.: 
To implicate or mix vj) in a mutter : 
ne me admisceas, Ter. — b. E sp, : Pas*. 
in reflexive force : To mix one's self up 

in a matter, i. e. to interfere ormedMe, 
ad id consilium admiscear ? Cic. 

adiniss-arms, a, um, adj. [2, 
admiss-us] (Belonging to adinissus; 
hence) Of a horse, ass, etc. : Used for 
covering: equus, i. e. a stallion, Var — • 
As Subst.: admissarius, ii, m. 4 
stallion or stud-horse; Fig.: Of a las- 
civious person : Cic. 

admisse, v. admitto. 

admis-sio, onis,/. [for admitt-sio ; 
fr. admitt-o] An admission to a per- 
son, an audience: admissionem dare 
alicui, PI. % Hence, Fr. admission. 

admis-sum, i, n. [for admitt-sum ; 
fr. admitt-o] A thing perpetrated; a 
crime: nullum, Cic. 

1. admis-sus (for admitt-sus), a, 
um, P. of admitt-o. 

2. admis-sus (am-), us, m. [for 
admitt-sus; fr. admitt-o] An admis- 
sion or letting in : Lucr 

admis-tus (for admisc-tus), a, um, 
P. of admisc-eo. 

ad-mitto, mlsi, missum, mittere 
(admisse for admisisse, Plaut.), 3. 
v. a.: I. Prop. : A. Gen.: To alloio, 
permit, or suffer a person, etc, to go to 
a place ; to admit: te ad meas capsas, 
Cic: (with Supine in um) spectatum 
admissi, Hor. B. Esp.: 1. To admit 
for the purpose of saluting, etc, to 
grant an audience or interview to; to 
receive: quenquam, Cic — 2. Of a 
hoi-se : (To let the reins go to; hence) 
To give the reins or the head to : in 
Fostumium equum admisit, Liv.: ad- 
misso equo, at full gallop, Cass, II, 
Fig.: A. Of persons: To admit; to 
allow to enter, approach, or come to: 
ad consilium, Cic — B. Of words, 
entreaties, etc. : To allow to come to 
one ; to give access or admittance to ; to 
admit: pacis mentionera auribus, Liv. 
— C. To let or allow to be done ; to suffer 
to come to pass ; to allow, permit, etc. : 
quod cavere possis, stultum admittero 
est, Tor.: simul aves rite admisissent, 
Liv. — D. Of a crime, disgrace, etc.: 
(To allow to come to one's self; hence) 
To incur, become guilty of, commit: 
dedecus, Cic: nihil admittes in te 
formidine poena?, Hor. *f[ Hence, Fr. 

admix-tifo, onis, /. [for admisc- 
tio ; fr. admisc-eo] A mingling, ad- 
mixture : animus admixtione corporis 
liberatus, Cic. 

adniix-tus (for admisc-tus), a, 
um : 1. P. of admisc-eo. — 2. Pa.: That 
is mingled with something ; not simple, 
I impure: nihil animis admixtum,Cic. 
J ad-moderat-e, adv. [ad ; moder- 
I at-us] (In a well arranged manner; 
j hence) Suitably, appropriately : Lucr. 
I ad-mo der or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
1 dep. To moderate, restrain : Plaut. 
! ad-modum, adv. [ad ; modum, 
! Ace. of modus] I. Prop.: (According 
; to measure; hence) A. With Adjj. 
j Partt. or Adw.: Very, very much, 
I exceedingly, quite: admodum dedita 
I religionibus, Cass.: gratum admodum, 
j Cic: nuper admodum, Ter.— Par D- 
I icular phrases: 1. Admodum nv 
! hil or nihil admodum, Nothing at all: 



nothing whatever: Cic. — 2. Nullus ad- 
modum, Hone at all: Liv. — B. With 
words denoting age : Excessively, very, 
quite: admodum turn adolascens, Cic. 
. — C With verbs : 1. Fully, completely, 
sufficiently: admodum mitigati animi 
erant, Liv. — 2. Very much, extra- 
ordinarily, exceedingly : me liter» tuae 
admodum delectarunt, Cic. — 3. In 
affirmative or corroborative replies : 
Just so, quite so, certainly: bellaii' 
videtur specie mulier? admodum, 
Plaut. II. Me ton. : A. With Adjj. 
or Advv. denoting number : About, 
pretty n early, at most: turres admodum 
cxx., Caes.: usque admodum quinquies 
quinque numeres, Cato. — B. With 
Partt. or Adjj. denoting time : Fully, 
wholly, entirely, quite: exacto admod- 
um Februario, Liv.: menses admodum 
septem, Just. 

ad-moenl-o, Ivi, itum, ire, 4. v. a. 
[ad ; meeni-a] {To bring forces to the 
walls; hence) To besiege, invest: Plaut. 

ad-mollor, Itus sum, Iri, 4. v. dep. : 
I. Act. : To move or bring one thing to 
or upon another : ubi sacro manus sis 
admolitus, Plaut. II. Neut. : To strive 
or struggle to or toward a place : ad 
nidum, Plaut. 

admoiis-facio, feci, factum, fac- 
6re, 3. v. a. [admone-o ; facio] To cause 
to bring to mind; to admonish: Cic. 

ad-moneo, ui, itum, ere, 2. v. a.: 
I.: A. Prop.: 1. Gen.: To bring to 
one's mind ; to put in mind of; to ad- 
monish, suggest : admonebat alium 
egestatis, alium cupiditatis suae, Sail. : 
deuedere campis, Virg. : (with Ace. of 
thing and Ace. of person) illud me 
prasclare admones, Cic. : (with Objective 
clause) admonebant alii alios snpplic- 
ium ex se, non victoriam, peti, Liv.: 
{without Object) si sitis admoneret, Tac. : 
(with Subj. ) nisi Seneca admonuisset, 
venient! matri occurreret, Tac. : (with 
ut, or ne c. Subj.) me tuis verbis ad- 
monuit, ut scriberem, Cic: ne nimis 
indulgenter loquar, id,— 2. Bsp.: a. 
To recall a thing past to memory; to 
bring to remembrance : dominae, Tib. — 
b. Of a creditor : To remind a debtor 
of his debt; to press for payment; to 
dun: aliqucm aeris alieni, Cic. B. 
Met on.: To urge or incite to action : 
telo admonuit bijugos, Virg. II. To 
admonish further : hoc unum te, Sen. 

admon-itio, onis, /. [admon-eo] 
1. : a. A friendly warning or admon- 
ition: Cic — b. An angry warning or 
admonition; a reprimand: Suet. — 2. A 
reminding, recalling to mind, suggestion, 
etc.: Cic. «J Hence, Fr. admonition. 

admon-itor, oris, m. [admon-eo] 
1 . He who reminds one of something ; an 
admonisher: Cic. — 2. One who urges to 
action : Ov. % Hence, Fr. admoniteur. 

admon-Itrix, icis, /. [id.] She 
who reminds or admonishes: Plaut. % 
Hence, Fr. admonitrice. 

admon-itum, i, n. [id.] {That 
which reminds; hencs) An admonition: 

L admon-itus, a, um, P. of ad- 

2. adinon-»Itus,ils.',m. [admon-co] 

(only in AM.) A reminding, suggestion, 
admonition, exhortation : Cic. 

ad-raordeo, mordi, morsum, 
mordere, 2. v. a.: I. Prop.: To bite or 
gnaw at; to bite into : admorso in stirpe, 
Virg. II. Fig. : To bite, i. c. to bleed, 
fleece : triparcos homines, Plaut. 

admor-sus (for admord-sus), a, 
um, P. of admord-eo. 

admo-tio, onis,/. [for admov-tio ; 
fr. admov-eo] A moving to a thing ; 
application : digitorum, Cic. 

admo-tus (for admov-tus), a, um, 
P. of admov-eo. 

ad-moveo, movi, motum, movere 
(admoram, admorim, etc., syncopated 
through all the persons, for admov- 
eram, admoverim, etc., Virg. ; Ov. : 
admorunt for admoverunt, Virg.), 2. 
v. a.: 1. Prop. : A. Gen.: To move, 
conduct, lead, etc. , to or towards : f asc- 
iculum ad nares, Cic. B. Esp.: 1.: 
To bring up or apply: admoto igne, 
Cic. — Particular phrases: a. 
Admovere aurem, To apply the ear, to 
listen: Cic. — b. Admovere manum or 
mantis : (a) To apply or employ the 
hand: Cic. — (b) To lay violent hands 
on, attack, assail : Liv. — c. To lay hands 
on, pilfer, pillage, etc.: Cic. — 2. Pass.: 
Of places : To lie near, close, or ad- 
jacent; to be situate near: Africa Nilo 
admota, Juv. II. F i g. : A.Gen. : To 
bring up, apply, etc.: illi fabricas, 
Plaut. B. Fsp. : 1.: a. Admovere 
aliquem propius alicui, To bring a 
person nearer to one; i. e. to make 
friends; to reconcile: Veil. — b. Pass.: 
To be nearly related or akin to : genus 
admotum Superis, Sil. — 2. To apply, 
direct: admovenda ad eum curatio, 
Cic. — 3. To occasion, cause to one, 
excite, etc.: terrorem, Liv. 

ad-mugio, no perf. nor sup., ire, 
4, v. n. To low or bellow to or at : ad- 
mugib femina tauro, Ov. 

adm"armiir»atio, onis, /. [ad- 
murmur(a)-o] A murmuring, in ap- 
probation or disapprobation, etc. : Cic. 

ad-mururiiro, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. n. To murmur at any thing with 
approbation or disapprobation : ad- 
murmurante senatu, Cic. 

ad-miitilo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To crop or clip thoroughly ; i. e. to cheat 
outrageously : Plaut. 

adnascor, adnatus, v. agn. 

adnato, adnavigo, adnecto, 
v. ann. 

adnomen, adnominatio, ad- 
nosco, v. agn. 

adn, for other words in, v. ann. 

1. ad-ol-eo, ui (rarely Bvi), iil- 
tum, ere, 2. v. a. [usually referred to 
ad ; 01.-0= cresco] (Prop.: To cause to 
grow up, to increase, make large, etc. ; 
Meton.) Religious 1. 1. : 1. To magnify, 
honour, propitiate, etc., the gods: 
flammis adolere Penates, Virg. — 2. : 
a. To offer up as sacrifice in honour 
of the gods; to burn, consume upon 
the altar, etc. : verbenas adole pingues. 
Virg. — b« To burn, consume: utque 
leves stipulge demptis adolentur aristis, 
Ov. — 3. To cover, etc.*. altaria dopis, 

2. ad-51$o, no perf'. nor sup., Sre, 
2. v. n. To give out or emit a smell of 
odour, to smell of: unguenta, Plaut. 

adolesc-ens (adul-), entis {Gen c 
PL usu. adolescentium ; once, adolesc- 
entum, Plaut.) 1. P. of adolesc-o. — 2. 
Pa. : Growing up, not yet come to full 
growth, young: a. Prop.: Africani 
filia adolescens, Cic. — As Subst. : comm. 
gen.: A youth, a young man; a young 
woman, a maiden (properly from the 
15th or 17th until past the 30th year ; 
but often till the 40th year, or even 
upwards): nisi forte, adolescens factus 
est, Cic: optima adolescens, Ter. — b. 
Fig. : Of the new Academic philo- 
sophy : (Comp.) adolescentior Acad- 
emia, Cic. <jf Hence, Fr. adolescent. 

adolescent-ia, se, /. [adolescens, 
adolescent-is] The state of the adolesc- 
ens; youth: Cic. *fi Hence, Fr. ad- 

adolescent-iila (adul-), se, /. 
dim. [id.] A young maiden: Plaut. 

adolescent-iilus (adul-), i, m. 
dim. [id.] I. Gen.: A young man: Cic. 
II. Bsp.: A young soldier, a recruit: 

adole-sco (adul-), Slevi (rarely 
olui), ultum, olescere {Perf. Inf.: adol- 
§sse for adolevisse, Ov.), 3. v. n. inch. 
[ 1 . adole- o] I . Prop.: To grow up, to 
grow; Of men, animals, plants, etc.: 
qui adoleverit, Cic. II. Fig. : To 
grow, increase, be augmented, become 
greater: dum prima novis adolescit 
frondibus setas, Virg. III. Meton.: 
Sacrificial t. t. : To be kindled, to bum : 
ignibus arae, Virg. 

Adonis, uis or nidis (Ace. Adon- 
idem, Claud.: Adonim, Prop.: — Voc. 
Adoni, Ov.), w.=*A5o)cis. Adonis; a 
son of Cinyras, king of Cyprus, beloved 
by Venus for h is beauty. Be was morta lly 
wounded in the chase by a wild boar, 
which Mars {ace. to others, Diana) sent 
against him out of jealousy ; but was 
changed by Venus into a flower , and was 
bewailed by her yearly on the anniversary 
of his death. 

ad-operio, ui, turn, ire, 4. v. a. 
To cover, to cover up or over (mostly in 
Part. Perf.) : capite adoperto, Liv. 

ad-opmor, no perf. nor sup., ari^ 
1. v. dep. To conjecture : Lucr. 

adoptat-icms (-rtms), a, urn, 
adj. [adopto, {Sup.) adoptat-nmj 
Adopted, adoptive: Plaut. 

adopta-tlo, onis,/. [adopt(a)-o] 
An adopting: Cic. 

adopt-io, onis, /. [adopt-o] I. 
Prop.: A taking or receiving one in 
the place of a child : adoption (properly 
oi one who was still under paternal 
authority) : Cic. II. F i g. : Of plants : 
An engrafting : PI. % Hence, Fr. 

adopt-ivus, a, um, adj. [id.] Per- 
taining to adoption, made or acquired 
by adoption, adoptive: I. Prop. : sacra, 
the sacra of the family into which one 
has been adopted: Cic. II. Fig.: Of 
plants, ete. : fissaque adoptivas accipit 
arbor opes, bears fruits not natural tc 
it, Ov. % Hence, Fr. adoptif. 

ad-opto, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 



t> Gen.: A. Prop.: To lake or accept 
for one's self, with design ; to choose, 
select, etc. : eura sibi Achsei patronum 
adoptarunt, Cic. B. Meto n. : To 
attach to by choice : se Oassaris libertis, 
PI. II. Esp.: A. Prop. : Law U t: 
To take in the place of a child, etc.; to 
adopt: minorem Scipionem a Paulo 
ruloptavit, Cic. — Particular ex- 
pression: Adoptare se, To adopt 
one's self, i. e. to assume another name: 
Cic. B. Fig. : To adopt: fac ramum 
ramus adoptet, Ov. *if Hence, Fr. 

ad-or, oris, n. [akin to Sanscrit 
root, ad ; Gr. eS-ojuai ; Lat. ed-o] {The 
thing that is eaten). Spelt (a species of 
grain)'. II or. 

adora-tlo, 5nis, /. [ador(a)-oJ 
Adoration: humilis, Li v. % Hence, 
Fr. adoration. 

adorea (=ia), v. adoreus. 

ador-eus -(ms) , a, um , adj. [ador] 
Pertaining to spelt; consisting of spelt: 
Liba, Virg.— AsSubst.: adorea (-la), 
ee, f. (sc. donatio) (Prop.: A reward 
in spelt or grain to gallant soldiers; 
Fig.) Glory, fame, renown: Hor. 

ad-orlor, ortus sum,5riri (in 2nd 
and 3rd pers. of the Frees. Ind. ace. to 
4th conj., adoriris, adoritur), 4, v. dep. : 
I.: (To rise tip to; hence) A. To ap- 
proach in order to accost ; to accost : 
hospitem,Ter. — B. To enter upon, take 
in hand, undertake, attempt: ne con- 
vellere adoriamur ea, quee non possint 
commoveri, Cic. II. (To rise up 
against; hence) To attack, assault, as- 
sail, etc., in a secret or crafty manner: 

A. Prop.: tribunum gladiis, Cic. 

B. Fig.: paventes adortus clamor, 
Liv. III. To rise or spring up: ex 
insicliis, Hirt. 

ad-orno, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.: 
I. To decorate or adorn: A. Prop. : 
forum comitiumque adornatum magn- 
ifico ornatu, Cic. B. Fig. : legem, 
Quint. II.: A. To prepare, get ready: 
ut acctisationem et petition em consul- 
ates ado met, Cic.--B. To furnish or 
provide: maria classibus et prassidiis, 
Cic. — C. To equip, fit out, etc.: naves, 
Cies. «f Hence, Fr. (old) adorner. 

ad-oro, avi, atum, are, I. v. a.: I.: 
(Prop.: To speak to or address) A. 
M e t o n. : 1 . To worship, adore : Phoeb- 
um taciturnus adorat, Ov. — 2. To show 
reverence or respect to ; to bow humbly 
to, etc.: vulgus, Tac. B. Fig.: To 
respect, esteem highly, admire: prisc- 
orum cm-am, PI. II.: A. To beg, be- 
seech, entreat ; to address an entreaty or 
supplication to: vos Turnus adoro, 
Virg.— B. To ask for, entreat, a thing : 
deum pacem, Liv. f Hence, Fr. 

ador-sus, a, um, P. of ador-ior. 

ador-tus, a, um, P. of ador-ior. 

adp. v. app. 

adq. v. acq. 

ad-rado, si, sum, dere, 3. v. a.: I. 
Gen.: To scrape, pare away, etc.: lat- 
ere adraso, PI. II. Esp.: A. To cut 
or lop: cacumen, PI. — B, To shave: 
adrasum quendam. Hor. 

Adrastus, i, m. ^A&pao-ros (not 

running away). Adrastus; a king of 
Argos; father-in-law of Tydeus and 

adrasus (for adrad-sus), a, um, P. 
of adrad-o. 

ad-remigo, avi, atum, are, 1. v.n. 
To row to or towards: Flor. 

adr. v. arr. 

Adria, as, etc.; v. Hadria, etc. 

Adr unie turn, i, v. Hadrumetum. 

adsc. adse. adsi. adso. adsp» 
adst. adsu. v. as. 

adt. y. att. 

Aduatuca, as,/. Aduatuca;afort 
of the Be I gee (now Tongres). 

Aduattici (-Ici), drum, m. The 
Aduatuci or Aduatici ; a people of Cim- 
brian origin in Gallia Belgica. 

adula-ns, antis, P. of adul(a)-or. 
■ — As Subst. : m. One who bows down or 
prostrates himself: Liv. 

adula-tto, onis,/. [adul(a)-or] I. 
Prop.: Of dogs : A fawning : canum, 
Cic. II. Fig.: A. Adulation: Cic. — 
B. Of doves: A wooing or courting: 
PI. III. Met on. : Flatterers: Liv. 
% Hence_, Fr. adulation. 

adula-tor, oris, in. [id.] A cring- 
ing flatterer ; a sycophant: Auct. Her. 
% Hence, Fr. adulateur. 

adulator-Ius, a, um, adj. [adul- 
ator] Pertaining to a flatterer ; flatter- 
ing: Tac. 

adulesc. y. adolesc. 

ad-ul-o, avi, atum, are, 1 . v. n. and 
a. [ = adulor] I. Prop. : Kent.: Of 
animals: To fawn: Lucr. II. Fig.: 
Act.: To fawn upon, flatter : Cic. III. 
Met on.: Act.: To stroke ov wipe off: 
cauda sanguinem, Cic. 

ad-ul-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[etym. dub. ; ace. to some ad; ovp-a, 
" a tail "] (To wag the tail at; hence) 

I. Act.: A. Prop.: To fawn upon: 
dominum feras, Sen. B. Vig. : 1. To 
fawn upon, flatter : adulantem omnes 
videre te voiui, Cic— 2. To bow down 
to the ground or prostrate one's self be- 
fore: Hephaestionem more Persarum 
adulata, Val. Max. II. Neut.: A. 
Prop.: Of animals: To fawn: f era- 
rum agmen adulantum, Ov. B. Fig.: 
To fawn, flatter: prassentibus, Liv. 
% Hence, Fr. aduler. 

1. adulter, eri, m.\ adultera, se, 
f. [etym. dub.] 1. : a. Masc. : An 
adulterer: Cic. — b. Fern.: An adult- 
eress: Hor.; Ov.— 2. A paramour: 
Hor.^ f Hence, Fr. adulter e. 

2. adulter, era, erum, adj. [1. ad- 
ulter] (Of, or belonging to, an adulter; 
hence) I. Prop.: Adulterous, un- 
chaste : conjux, Ov. II. Fig.: Spuri- 
ous, false: minium, PI. 

adultera, aa, v. 1. adulter. 

adulter-mus, a, um, adj. [adult- 
er] (Of, or belonging to, an adulter; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. Of a personate.: ; 
Bastard : PL- B. Of animals : Not of I 
a pure breed, not of full blood: PI. I 

II. Fig.: A. Not genuine or pure;] 
false: nummus, Cic— B. Counterfeit: j 
signa, Cic. f Hence, Fr. adulter in. | 

adulter-ium, ii, n. [adulter-o] I 
(The acting of the adulter; hence) I. 
Prop.: Adultery -• Cic. H. Fig.: An I 

adulterating, adulteration of food, etc.: 
mellis, PI. III. Met on. : Immodest 
or lascivious figures: vasa adulterii* 
caalata, PI. 

adulter-o, avi, fitum, are, 1. v. a, 
and n. [adulter] I. Act. : (To act the 
adulter ; hence) A. P r o p. : To pollute, 
defile, etc.: matronas, Suet. B. Fig.: 
1. To corrupt, pollute, etc: jus pee- 
unia, Cic. — 2. To change the form of, 
etc.: faciem arte, Ov. — 3. To adulter' 
ate by admixture of a foreign sub- 
stance, etc.: piper adulteratur sinapi, 
PI. II. Neut.: (To be an adulter or 
adultera; hence) To commit adultery: 
fraudare, adulterare, Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. adultirer. 

adul-tus, a, um (for adol-tus) 1 . 
P. of adol-esco. — 2. Pa. : Grown up, 
adult : a. P r o p. : virgo, Cic. : ( Conip. ) 
adultiorespulli,PL— b. Fig.: Athcine, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. adulte. 

adumbra-tim, adv. [adumbr(a)- 
o] In shadow or outline : Lucr. 

adumbra-tlo, onis, /. [id.] I. 
Prop.: A sketching in outline ; a per- 
spective sketch or draft: Vitr. II. 
Fig.: An outline or sketch of a speech : 

adumbra-tus, a, um: 1. P. of 
adumbr(a)-o. — 2. Pa. : Counterfeit, 
feigned, false: Pippajvir adumbratus, 

ad-umbro, avi, atum, are, ] . v. a.: 
I. Prop.: In Painting: To shadow 
forth, delineate: quis pictor omnia ad- 
umbrare didicit? Quint. II. Fig.: 
A. To represent a thing in an appro- 
priate manner: id ipsum sumus in 
serrnono adumbrare conati, Cic. B. 
To represent a thing only in outline, and 
therefore imperfectly : miaginem glor- 
ia, Cic. 

adunc-itas, atis, /. [adunc-us] 
(The state of the aduncus; hence) A 
bending inwards, hookedness: rostro- 
rum, Cic 

ad-uncus, a, um, adj. Bent to- 
wards one or inwards ; hooked : nasus, 
IJ or. : ungues, Cic. 

ad-urg-eo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. a. : I. F r o p. : To press on or against : 
dens digito adurgendus, Cels. II. 
Fig.: To pursue after : aliquem remis, 

ad-uro, ussi, ustum,urere,3. v. a.: 
I. Prop.: A. Gen. : To burn: adur- 
atur ad sudorem, PI. B. Esp. : 1. 
Pass. in reflexive force : To burn ones 
self, to inflict burns upon one's self: 
sine gemitu aduruntur, Cic— 2. To 
burn up, to destroy or consume by fire : 
ossa Flammis, Hor.— 3. Of the hair, 
etc.: To singe off: carbone capillum, 
Cic— 4. Medic. 1. 1. : To cauterize : os 
ferro, Cels.— 5. In cooking, etc.: To 
scorch, burn: panis adustus, Hor. H. 
Fig.: Of love: To bum, waste, con- 
sume, etc. : non erubescendis admit 
(.sc. te) Ignibus, Hor. HI. Met on. : 
A. Of cold or frost : To nip, freeze : 
nee frigus adurat Poma, Ov.— B. Of 
heat: To scorch, parch, d~y up, etc.: 
arbores fervore, PL— C. To inflame, 
etc.: femora equitatu, PL 

ad-usque (for usque ad), prep, 



*nd adv. : I. Prep. c. Ace: To, quite or 
even- to, all the way to: adusquc moenia, 
Hor. II, Adv. : Throughout, wholly, 
entirely, everywhere: oriens tibi victus 
adusque,ete., Ov. 

adus»tio, onis, /. [for adur-tio ; 
fr. adur-o] 1, Act.: a. Prop. : A 
scorching, burning : PL — b . Meton.: 
(a) A burn: PI. — (b) Inflammation: 
PI. — 2« Pass. : A being burnt, a burnt 
state: picis, PL 

adus-tus (for adur-tus), a, um: 
1. /\ of adui'-o. — As Subst.: adusta, 
erum, n. Burns (upon the flesh): Cols. 
— 2. Pa.: (Burned by the sun; hence) 
Scorched, madebr own, swarthy: (Comp.) 
adustior color, Li v. 

advect-icius (-it!fus),a,urn, adj. 
[adveho, (Sup.) advect-um] Brought 
to a place, imported, foreign: vinum, 

advec-tlo, onis,/. [for adveh-tio ; 
fr. adveh-o] A bringing or conveying, 
transport: PL 

advec-to, no per/, nor sup., are,l. 
v.a.freq. [for adveh-to; fr. adveh-o] 
To carry often to a place : rei frument- 
ariee eopiam, Tac. 

advec-tor, oris,m. [for adveh-tor; 
f r. adveh-o] One who conveys or car- 
ries ; a carrier : Plaut. 

1. advec-tus (for adveh-tus), a, 
um, P. of adveh-o. 

2. advec-tus, us, m. [for adveh- 
tus ; fr. adveh-o] A bringing or con- 
veying to a place : deae, Tac. 

ad-veho, xi, ctum, here (advexti 
for advexisti, Plaut.; advexe for ad- 
vexisse, ib.), 3. v. a.: I. G-en. : To 
carry or bring to a place, etc. : ex agris 
f rumentum, Cic. II. E s p. : Pass. : 
A. (To be carried in or on anything to 
a place; hence): 1. To ride: in earn 
partem equo citato, Liv. — 2. To sail, 
etc. : Uticam, to Utica, Sail. — B. In 
reflexive force: (To carry one's self 
to; i. e.) 1. To go or proceed to: Teu- 
cros, to the Trojans, Virg. — 2. To 
arrive at a place : scopulos Sirenum 
advecta (sc. classis), Virg. 

ad=velo, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. To wrap, encircle, surround, etc.: 
tempora lauro, Virg. 

adven-a, vc, gen. omn. [adven-io] 
(One who comes to a place; hence) A 
foreigner or stranger: peregrini atque 
' advense, Cic. — As Adj. : Foreign; not 
of one's own land or native place ; of, or 
i'rom, a strange land: exercitus,Virg. : 
grus, Hor. : Tibris (because flowing 
into the Roman territory from Etruria), 

ad-venlo, veni, ventum, venire, 4. 
v.n.: I.: A. Prop. : 1. Gen.: In 
tempp. prces. (act incomplete) : To 
con,e to a person or thing; to proceed, 
come onwards, advance, etc. : — in tempp. 
perf. (act complete): To have come to a 
pe'.son or thing ; i. e. to arrive, reach, 
be present, etc.: advenientem non esse 
peregrinum, Cic. : Tyriam 'urbem, 
Virg. — 2. Bsp.: Of a letter : in tempp. 
ferf.i To have reached one, or come to 
hand, etc.: advenere literas, Suet. B, 
Pig.: 1 . In tempp. perf. : To have 
home or arrived: dies, Sal 1 » — 2. To 

come to one's lot; to befall one, accrue to 
one: Numidite partem ultro adven- 
turam, Sail. — 3. To happen, take place, 
occur : res sponte sua mox adventura, 
Liv. II. To come besides, further, or 
in addition: Lucr. % Hence, Fr. 

advent-iclus (-Itms), a, um, 
adj. [advent-us] 1.: {Pertaining to an 
adventus ; hence) a. Coming from, 
abroad, foreign : copiaa, Cic. — b. Ex- 
traneous, foreign, not properly apper- 
taining to one: tepor, Cic. — Part- 
icular phrases: (a) Adventicia 
pecunia, The money which a son obtains 
besides his paternal inheritance : Cic. — 
(b) Adventicius fructus, Additional, 
extraordinary gain or advantage : Liv. 
— 2. That pertains to an arrival : coena, 

adven-to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
intens. [adven-io] In tempp. prces. (act 
incomplete): To come to a person or 
thing ; to proceed, come onwards, ad- 
vance, etc. : — in tempp. perf. (act com- 
plete) : To have come to a person or 
thing ; to arrive, reach, be present, etc.: 
adventare ac prope adesse, Cic: quo 
quum adventaret, Hirt. 

adven-tor, oris, m. [id.] One who 
arrives ; a guest, visitor : Plaut. 

adven-tus, ua (i, Ter.), m. [id.] 
(act incomplete) : A coming to a per- 
son or thing ; a drawing near, ap- 
preach, etc. : — (act complete) : An 
arrival, a being present, etc.: I, Prop.: 
ad urbem, Cic. : in urbem, id. : Romam, 
Liv. II, Fig.: Of abstract things: 
lucis, Sail. \ Hence, Fr. avent. 

adversaria, as (drum), v. adver- 

advers-arlus, a, um (Gen. Plur. 
adversarium, Ter.), [advers-us] adj. 
(Pertaining to adversus ; hence) I. 
Gen.: Turned towards or lying before 
the eyes, fronting. — As Subst. : advers- 
aria, orr.m (sc. scripta) Mercantile 
t. t.: Books in which all matters are 
temporarily entered as they occur; a 
waste-book, day-book, memorandum- 
book, etc.: Cic. II. Esp. : Standing 
opposite, opposed to one as an antagon- 
ist : adversarius tribunis, Cic. — As 
Subst.: A. adversarius, n, m.: 1, 
An antagonist, opponent, adversary, 
etc.: Cic. — 2. An enemy, adversary, 
foe in war : Sail.— B. adversaria, 
a),/. A female adversary, etc.: Cic. — 
C. adversaria, orum, n. (sc. argu- 
menta) The arguments of the opponent: 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. adversaire. 

adversa-trix, Icfc,/. [advers(a)- 
or] A female antagonist or adversary : 

adver-sio, onis,/. [for advert-sio ; 
fr. advert-o] A turning or directing of 
one thing to or towards another : Cic. 

advers-itas, atis, /.[ I . advers-us] 
(The state of the adversus ; hence) Op- 
position, contrariety, antipathy : PL 
% Hence, Fr. adversiU. 

adver-so (advors»), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. n. freq. [for advert-so ; fr. 
advert-o] To attend to or observe assid- 
uously : animo adversavi sedulo, 
Plaut. i 

advers-or (advors*-), atus stisn, 
ari [2. advers-us] I. v. dep. I. P ro p.: 
To stand opposite to, be against one: 
adversante vento, Tac. II. Fig.: To 
resist, oppose, withstand, etc. : advers- 
ante natura, Cic: libidini, id. 

advereum (advor-), i, n., and 
adv., v. 1. adversus, and 2. adversus. 

1 . adver-sus (advor»), a, um [for 
advert-sus] 1. P. of advert-o. — 2. Pa.. 
(Turned to or towards a thing ; hence) 
a. P r o p. : Of locality : 1 Yith the face or 
front towards one, etc.; turned towards, 
in front, opposite: sol adversus, Virg.: 
antipodes adversis vestigiis stant con- 
tra nostra vestigia. Cic: vulnus ad- 
versum, a icound turned towards the 
enemy, i. e. in front, id. : adverso 
fiumine, the stream being opposite, i. e. 
against one ; against or up stream, Cass. : 
so, adverso monte, the mountain being 
opposite or against one; i. e. up the 
mountain, Lucr. — A d ve rb i a 1 ex- 
pressions: (a) Ex adverso , or ex- 
ad verso, Opposite to, over against: Liv.; 
PL — (b) In adversum, To or on the 
opposite side, against : Virg. — As Subst. : 
adversum, i, n. The opposite quarter: 
hie ventus adversum tenet Athenis 
proficiscentibus, the opposite quarter to 
those setting out from Athens, i. e. blows 
against them, Nep. — b. Fig.: (a) Op- 
posite, reverse, contrary : qui timet his 
adversa,Hor. — (b) In hostile opposition, 
adverse, unfavourable, vnpropitious : 
adverse res, misfortune, calamity, ad- 
verse fortune, Cic: valetudo, i:e. sick- 
ness, Liv. : adverso rumore esse, to 
be in bad repute, to have a bad reput- 
ation, Tac: (Comp.) aliud adv.;rsius, 
PL: (Sup.) adveivissimi venti, Oes. — 
As Subst.: (a) adversum, i, n. AJis- 
fortune, calamity, disaster, evil, mis- 
chief: nihil adversi, Cic. — (£) adver- 
sus, i, m. (sc. homo) An adversary, 
opponent: populi partium, Sail. — (y) 
adversa, ze,f. (sc. mulier) A female 
adversary or opponent : innocentiaj, 
Quint. — (c) Of feelings, etc.: Contrary, 
hateful, or odious to; hated by: quis 
omnia regna adversa sint, Sail. ^[ 
Hence, Fr. adverse. 

2. ad-versus (-um, -vor-), adv. 
andprcep. I. Adv. : Opposite to, against, 
to or towards a thing, in a friendly oi 
hostile sense: Plaut.; Liv.— Par t* 
icular expression: Of a slave : 
Advorsum ire, or venire, To go or 
come to meet one's master : Plant.; 
Ter. II. Prep. c. Ace. A. In a friendly 
sense : 1 . Of place : Turned to or to- 
tvards, opposite to, before, over against : 
adversus advocatos, Liv. — 2. In the 
presence of, before : fce advorsum ment,- 
iar? Plaut. — 3. With that to which 
a reply is made : To : adversus ea 
consul respondit, Liv.— 4. (Held to or 
against a thing; hence) In comparison 
of ; compared to or with : adversus 
veterem imperatorem comparari, Liv. 
— 5. Of behaviour : To, towards : 
quonam modo me gererem adversus 
Ca?sarem, Cic. — 6. In relation, in re- 
specter in regard to: adversus magis- 
trum morum, Cic. — B. In a hostile 
sense : Against : adversum leges, Cic/ 



adverse hallos , Eutr. ©ST Ad versus 
when it governs a pronoun is some- 
times put after it : nunc ad versus, 
Nep.: quos arivorsum, Sail. 

ad-verto (-vorto), ti, sum, tere, 
3. v. a. I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To turn 
to, or towards: pedem ripaj, Virg.: 
aures ad vocem, Ov. B. Esp. : 1. 
Pass, in reflexive force : To turn one's 
self, or to direct one's way, towards : 
Seythicas advertitur oras, Ov. — 2. 
K aut. 1. 1. : To direct, turn , steer to, or to- 
wards: classemmportum,Liv.: terrse 
pi-oras, Virg. II. Fig.: A. To turn 
or direct to, or towards : numen malis, 
Virg. — P articular expressions 
and combinations : Advertere 
animum (in the poets and Livy also 
animos, rarely mentem) To direct the 
mind, feelings, thoughts, or attention to 
a thing, to observe, remark: PI aut.; 
Tac; Liv. B. 1.: Advertere aliquem, 
To turn, direct, or draw the attention 
of someone: Tac; Liv. — 2. Advertere 
aliquid, To turn, direct, or draw some- 
thing towards or on one's self: Tac. 
— C. Advertere or advertere ani- 
mum, To call the attention to some- 
thing ; i. e, to admonish or urge: Sen.; 
Tac. III. Met on.: A. Animum ad- 
\ertere (or, as one word, animadvert- 
ere), advertere, or animo,efc., advert- 
ere : To observe, recognise, perceive, by 
directing the mind to an object : qui- 
dam Ligus animum advortit inter 
saxa repentes cochleas, Sail.: animum 
advertit magnas esse copias hostium 
instructas, Caes.: donee advertit Tibe- 
rius, Tac: {hnperat. used parentheti- 
cally) paucis, adverte, docobo, heed me, 
or attend, Virg. : aniniis advertise 
vestris, id. — B. In Tac: Advertere m 
aliquem, To punish one, Tac. ^| Hence, 
Fr. avert ir. 

ad-vesperascit, avit, 3. v. n. im- 
pers. and inch, [ad ; vesperasoo] It 
draws towards even in g, even ing is coming 
on : quum advesperasceret, Cic 

ad-vlgilo, no perf. nor sup., are, 
l.v.n. I. Prop.: To watch by, or at; 
to keep guard over, be watchful, or 
vigilant: ad custodiam ignis, Cic. II. 
Fig.: To bestow care or attention, to 
watch • two rei dignitate, Cic 

advoca-tio, onis,/. [advoc(a)-o] 
1 . Law t. t. : (In pass, force : A being 
failed to a person's aid as counsellor, 
etc.; hence) a.. Legal assistance, advoc- 
acy of a cause: Cic. — b. Legal as- 
sistance; i. e. a body of counsel, coun- 
sellors, etc.: Cic. — c. Consultation of 
counsel or advocates about a matter : 
maximarum rerum, Cic — 2. {The ob- 
taining a delay, etc.; hence) Delay, 
adjournment: a. Gen.: ratio advoca- 
tionem sibi petit, ira festinat, Sen. — 
b. Esp.: For obtaining legal aid : 
binas advocationes postulare, Cic. 

advoca-tus, i, m, [id.] {One who 
is called to anothv in order to give him 
aid ; hence) I. Prop. : Law t. t. : A 
legal assistant ; an advocate, counsellor, 
witness, etc (but not a pleader): Cic. 
TI. Me ton.: Advocate, attorney, etc.: 
Tac. *j[ Hence, Fr. avocat. 

ad-v5oo, avij atum, are, 1, v. a. 

I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To call or 
summon to a person or thing : aliquem 
gaudiis, Hor. : viros primarios in con- 
silium, Cic B. Esp.: Law t. t.: To 
call to one 's self as an assistant, counsel- 
lor, witness, etc: viros bonos complures 
advocat, Cic II. Fig.: A. To call 
to itself, etc.: animum ad se ipsum, 
Cic.-— B. To call to one's aid ; to call to 
for help: arma, Virg. III. Me ton.: 
To obtain a respite, to delay: veniam 
advocandi peto, PI. 

advola-tus, us, m, [advol(a)-o] 
•4 flying to one : Cic. 

ad»volo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
I. Prop.: Of winged creatures : To 
fly towards: avisadvolans ad eas aves, 
Cic II. Fig.: To speed, or hasten to 
or towards : classem advolaturam esse, 
Cass.: fama Advolat iEneee, Virg.: ad 
urbem incredibili celeritate, Cic. 

ad-volvo, vi, fitum, vere, 3. v, a. 
I. Gen.: To roll to or towards: focis 
ulmos, Virg. II. Esp.: Pass in re- 
flexive force : To roll one's self to the 
feet, etc., of some one, an altar, etc, 
to fall prostrate before or at : {with 
Ace. dependent on prep, in ve?'b) quum 
Tiberii genua advolveretur, Tac. 

adytum, i, n. [cL&vtov] (not to be 
entered) I. Prop.: The adytum or 
innermost secret part of a temple; the 
sanctuary, ichich none but priests could 
enter, and from which oracles were 
delivered : asternumque adytis effort 
penetralibus ignem, Virg. II. Fig.: 
The innermost recess : cordis, Lucr. 
HI. Mo ton.: A grave or tomb: Virg. 

iEacus, i, m. — MaKo^ {Gr. Ace. 
iEacon, Ov.) JEacus, a son of Jupiter 
by Europa, king of JEgina; on account 
of his justice made judge in the lower 
regions. — Hence, iEac-Ides, se, m. 
(Voc JEacida, Ov.; vEacide, id.) A 
descendant of JEacus: esp.: 1. His son 
Phocus. — 2. His son Pelevs. — 3. His 
grandson Achilles. — 4c.U is great-grand- 
son Pyrrhus, son of Achilles. — 5. His 
later descendant, l\/rrhus, king of Epi- 
rus. — 6. Perseus, king of Macedon, 
conquered by zEmilius Pau'lus. — Hence, 
a. JEadd-elus, a, urn, adj. Per- 
taining to an jEavide : regna, i. e. 
/Egina, Ov.— b. iEacid-iims, a,um, 
adj. Pertaining to an jEacide : iEacid- 
inis minis expletus, i. e. Of Achilles, 

iEaea,03,/. = Aicu'-rj. sEma; an island 
in the Tuscan Sea, where the Oirce of 
Homer dwelt, and where Calypso, also, 
had her abode (now called Monte Cir- 
cello). — Hence, iEeeus, a, urn, adj.— 
Aiouck : A. Prop. : Of, or pertaining 
to, /Eoea; yEcean : puella, i. e. Calypso, 
Prop. B. Met on. : Pertaining to 
Circe: artes, i. e. magic arts. Ov. 

^aeus, a, um, adj. (Prop.: Of, or 
belonging to,sEa; an. island in the river 
Phasis: Meton.) Colchian : Circe, Virg. 

iEas, antis, m. = Ala?. yEas ; a river 
in Epirus, springing from Pindus. 

sed-epol, v. edepol. 

^d-es (-is), is, /. [prob. akin to 

ai8-u>] {The shining or burning thing ; 

hence, with reference to an altar or 

hearth) I. Prop.: A. A dwelling {of 

the gods) ; a sanctuary, temple : Mero» 
urii, Liv.:— Plur. (only when several 
temples are spoken of): Capitolii fast- 
igium et ceterarum aediuni, Cic. — B. 
A dwelling {fo-r men); a house, etc.: 1 
Plur. (so, mostly ; as being a collec 
tionof several apartments): in axlibus, 
Cic — 2. Sing, (as representing one 
apartment alone ; so, only of the early 
ages) : a?dis nobis area est, Plant. II. 
Meton. : A. A dwelling-room: pen- 
itusque cavas plangoribus asdes Fe« 
mineis ululant, Virg. — B. Of bees: 
Cells or hive: clausis cunctantnr in 
aidibus, Virg. 

sed-Ieula, aa, /. dim. [tud-es] {A 
small sedes; hence) 1. A small tem- 
ple: Cic. — 2.: a. Plur.: A small 
dwelling or abode: Cic. — b. Sing.: A 
small room, a closet: Plaut. 

aedif Ica-tlo, onis,/. [aedific(a)-o] 
I. Prop.: A building or constructing: 
Cic. II. Meton. : A building, struc- 
ture, edifice : Cic. f Hence, Fr. Edific- 

sediflcatlun-cula, a?, /. dim. 
[for axlification-cula; fr. redificatio, 
aedification-is] A tittle building: Cic. 

eediflca-tor, oris, m. [a:dihc(a)-o] 
(Prop.: A builder; Meton.) A maker, 
architect: mnndi, Cic. — AsArfj.: Fond 
of building : nemo illo fuit minus jedi- 
ficator, Nop. «|f Hence, Fr. e"dijlcateur. 

sediflc-ium, ii, n. [aidihe-o] A 
building of any kind : Liv.; Ca>s. ^j 
Hence, Fr. Mifice. 

aed-i-f Ic-6, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
and a. [for aad-i-fac-o ; fr. eed Os; (i); 
fac-io] {To make an pedes; hence; I. 
Neut.: To build; to raise a structure, 
building, etc. : diruit, a;dificat, inntat 
quad rat a rotundis, Hor. II. Act. : 
A. Pro}).: To build, erect, construct a 
dwelling, etc. : domum, Cic. B. Fig.: 
To build, found, establish, etc.: rem- 
publicam, Cic. C. Meton.: 1. To 
make, form, construct: hortos, Cic: 
equum, Virg.— 2, To raise up like <* 
building: compagibus caput, i.e. with 
ornaments, etc., Juv. ^f Hence, Fr. 

sedil-icius (-ltlus), a, um, adj. 
[asdii-is] Pertaining or belonging to an 
cedile: munus, Cic. — As Subst.: aedil- 
icius (-ltms), ii, m. {sc. vir) One 
who has_ been an o?dile, an ex-a?dile : Cic. 

aed-ilis, is, m. (A 01. aadili, Tac.) 
[ged-es] {One pertaining to an asdes; 
hence) An cedile ; a magistrate in Rome 
who had the superintendence of public 
buildings and works, such as* temples, 
theatres, baths, aqueducts, sewers, high- 
tcays, etc, also, of private buildings (to 
prevent them from becoming ruin- 
ous), of markets, provisions, taverns, 
weights and measwes (to see that they 
were legal), the expense of funerals and 
other similar objects of internal police: 
Cic. — As Adj.: Pertaining to, or of, an 
a.' dilc or lediles : ludi, Plaut. <f Hence, 
Fr. 6 1 ile. 

sedil-i'tas, atis, /. [a?dil-is] 37« 
office of an cedile, cedileship: Cic ^f 
Hence, Fr. ddi'lite". 

sedilitius, a, um, v. Eedilicius. 

aedis* is> y. sedes. 



jsd-ttlmus (-itiimus), i, m. [sed- 

es] ( One connected with an secies ; hence) 
A sacristan, overseer of a temple: Cic. 
sed-i-tu-ens, cntis,m. [aed-es; (i); 
tu-ens, P. of tu-eor] {One guarding an 
eedes ; hence) A temple-keeper : Lucr. 
ood-i-tu-us, i, m. [asd-es; (i); tu- 
eor] (One ivho guards an redes ; hence) 
-* keeper of a temple; a sacristan; I. 
Prop.: asditui custodesque, Cic. II. 
Fig.: quales aedituos habeat virtus, 

iEdui, orum, m. Tfie AZdui; a tribe 
in Gallia Celtica (in the modern De- 
partments la C'dte-d'Or, la AHe-vre, 
Saone-et-Loire, and Rhone). 

iEetes (-a), se {Norn. iEetes, Ov.; 
v -.4cc. JEetam, Cic.;— Voc. JEeta, id.), 
m. = MrJTr]<;. AEetes, or AEeta; akingof 
Colchis, father of Medea , by whose aid the 
Argonauts took from him the golden, 1. JEet-ias, iadis, /. 
Daughter of AEetes, i.e. Medea. — 2. 
i£et-me, es,/. Daughter of Aktes. — 
3. iEet-seus, a, um, adj. Pertaining 
to sl'Jetes. 

JEgce, arum, /., AlyaL AEgoe ; a 
town of Macedonia (probably the same 
as Edessa). 

JEgaeon, onis, m., 'AtycuW. AEgoe- 
on: 1, A giant: Virg.— 2. A sea-god, 
son of Pontus and Terra. 

JEgaeus (-eus), a, um, adj. [etym. 
dub.] Aegean: Mare JEgaeum, theAEg- 
ean Sea, extending eastward from the 
Gulf of Corinth to the Hellespont (now 
the Archipelago), Cic- -As Subs*. : JEg» 
etim, i, n. (sc. mare) The AEgean Sea : 
in patenti JEgreo, Hor.— Hence, JEg- 
eus, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
the Aigean Sea: Neptunus, Virg. 

JEgates, um,/. The yEgates; islands 
in the Mediterranean, south of Sicily. 

seger, gra. grum, adj. [etym. dub.] 
I. Prop.: Physically : Unwell, indis- 
posed, ill, sick, diseased; suffering, fee- 
ble, weary: valetudo, Cic: ex vulnere, 
id.: vulneribus, Nep.: pedibus, Quint. 
— As Subst.: seger, gri, m. (schomo) 
A sick person : xgro adhibere medic- 
inam, Cic. II. Pig.: A. Mentally: 
Troubled, sad, dejected, low-spirited, 
distempered: mortales, Vh'g. : (with 
Gen.) asger animi, Li v. — B. Of the 
State : Suffering, weak, frail, feeble, 
infirm: cegra reipublicae pars, Cic — 
C. Of abstract things : Sad, sorrow- 
ful, grievous, unfortunate: amor,Virg.: 
(Comp.) quidquam acgrius, Plant. : 
(Sup.) Psyche sogerrima, App.— D. 
Distempered, envious: aagri oculi, Tac 
iEgides, a), m., AlyeCS^. A de- 
scendant of AJgeus: 1. Theseus. — 2. 
Plur.: Descendants, children, or grand- 
children of AJgeus. 

iEglna, se,f., Alyiva. AEgina :l.An 
island near Athens, earlier called (En one 
or (Enopia (now Engia or Egina).— 
Hence, iEgln-eta, eg, m. A native of 
AEgina. — 2. The mother of Alac us. 

segis, Wis, f. — aiyis, u$<x (ace to 
some, " goatskin ;" ace to others, that 
which moves or is shaken violently) 
I. Prop. : An cegis or shield: A. Of <■ 
Jupiter: Virg, — B. Of Minerva, ioith\ 
Medusa's head: Hor. II. Pig *, A\ 

shield, prokotion, defence: Ov. % Hence, i JEmftlus, li, m. AEmilius; the nam* 

Fr. 4gide. 

JEgisthus, Um., Aiyi<r<9o9. AEgis- 
thus ; the son of Thyestes, who murdered 
Atreuz and Agamemnon, and was him- 
self slain by Orestes. 

JEgle, es, /. = aly\y] (Badiance, 
brightness). AEglc ; a Naiad. 

iEgon, onis, m., Aly<x>v (One having 
goats ; a goatherd). AEgon ; the name 
of a shepherd in Virgil's Eclogues. 

JEgos Flumen, n.~Alybs Hot 
a//.b? (Goat's Hi ver). A river and town 
in the Thracian Chersonesus, where 
Ly 'sander defeated the Athenians, 405 


segr-e, adv. [aeger, segr-i] 1. With 
regret or displeasure; vexatiously, re- 
luctantly, etc: segre ferre repulsam, 
i. e. to take ill, be displeased at : Cic. — 
2. With difficulty or effort; scarcely, 
hardly: (Comp.) nihil aegrius factum 
est, Cic: (Sup.) quod aegerrime con- 
fecerant, Cass. 

segr»eo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. [id.] To be sick: Lucr. 

segre-seo, no perf. nor sup.,ere,3. 
v.n. [eegre-o] I. Prop.: To become 
sick, to be taken ill : morbis aegrescimus, 
Lucr. II. Pig.: A. To grow worse, 
to be increased : violentia Turni sogv- 
escit medendo. Virg.—B. To be trou- 
bled, anxious, afflicted, grieved: sollici- 
tudine, Tac. 

eegr-i'monla, jb, /. [asger, aagr-i] 
Sorrow, anxiety, trouble, etc., of mind: 

aegr-ittido, inis,/. [id.] (The state 
of the seger ; hence) 1 . Physically : 
Indisposition, sickness: Tac. — 2. Ment- 
ally : Grief, sorrow, care, etc.: Cic. 

segr^or, oris, m. [aagr-eo] Sickness, 
disease: Lucr. 

segrota-tio, onis, /. [aegrot(a)-o] 
A being sick or ill; sick?iess, illness, dis- 
ease : Of body or mind : Cic 

segrot»o, avi, atum, are, 1. v.n. 
[aegrot-us] I. Prop.: Physically: To 
be sick, diseased, or ill: vehementer 
diuque aegrotavit, Cic. II. Pig.: A. 
Mentally or morally : To be sick, etc: 
qua (sc. re) animus aegrotat, Cic— B. 
To languish, become feeble, etc: aegrot- 
at fama vacillans, i.e. suffers, Lucr. 

segi>otus, a, um, adj. [seger, 
aegr-i] Sick, ill, diseased: L Prop. : 
Physically : corpus, Hor.— -As Subst. : 
segrotus, i, m. (sc. homo) A sick 
person : Cic II. Pig.: A. Mentally: 
animus, Cxc— B. Of the State: res- 
publica, Cic. 

iBgyptUS, i, /., AZyvmos. Egypt. 
—Hence, JEgyptlus, a, um, adj. 
Egyptian,— As Subst: JEgyptms, Ti, 
■m. (sc. homo) An Egyptian. 

eelinos, i, m. — al\li>os. A song of 
lament, a dirge: Ov. 

^Elius, ii, m. JElius ; the name of 
a Roman gens.— Hence, JElius (-ia- 
nus), a, um, adj. Pertaining to an 
sElius, JEhan. 

of a. Roman g?rs, greazly distinguished 
for the illustrious men whom it pro- 
duced.— Hence, ^mili-us, a, um, 
adj. Of, ox pertaining to, an AEmilius; 
AEmilian.—As, Subst. ; JEmilia, se, f. 
(sc. via) : 1. Prop. : The ASmilian 
Way. — 2. Me ton.: The country be- 
tween Arminum and Placentia, on the 
Via AEmilia. 

semiila-tlo, onis, /. [a3mul(a)-or] 
1. In a good sense : Emulation, rival- 
ry : a. Prop.: gloriae, Tac— Tb. Pig.: 
naturae, PI. — 2. In a bad s:-nse t 
Rivalry, jealousy, envy, grudge, etc. : 
vitiosa, Cic. % Hence Fr. Emulation. 

semula-tor, oris, m. [id.] An 
emulator: Cic % Hence, Pr. 4mul- 

semula-tus, us. m. [id.] Emul- 
ation, rivah-y : Tac 

semul-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[semul-us] (To be an a3mulus ; hence) 

I. In a good sense: To emulate; to 
strive to equal or come up to; to en- 
deavour to surpass or excel: Pindarnm 
quisquis studet aemulari, Hor.: (with 
Dat.) veteribus aemulantar, Quint. 

II. In a bad sense : To strive after or 
vie with enviously; to be envious of: 
(with Dat.) iis semulemur, qni ca 
habent, quae nos habere cupimus, Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. 4muler. 

sem-iilus, a, um, adj. [prob. akin 
to im-itor] I. : A. In a good sanse : 
Emulating ; that vies with or emulates; 
emulous: (with Gen.) laudis, Cic. : 
(with Dat.) summis oratoribus, Tac 
— As Subst.: seraulns, i,m. (sc. liomo) 
One who emulates, an emulator: studi- 
orum ac laborum, Cic— B. In a bad 
sense : Envious, jealous, grudginc : 
Triton, Virg. — AsSubst. : 1 . aemulns, 
i, m. (sc. homo) A rival: Cic — 2. 
semula, se, /. (sc. femina) A female 
rival: v.; Tac. II. Of things: Vying 
with, rivalinc/, i. e. comparable to, 
similar to: tibia tubas asrnula, Hor. 
^[ Hence, Pr. emule. 

JEnaria, ve,f. AEnaria; an island 
on the western coast of Campania, the 
landing place of AEneas (now Ischia). 

iEneas, as (Ace. JBnean, Ov. : -- 
Foe. JEnea, Ov.), m., Alveias. JEneas ; 
son of Venus and Anchises, ancestor of 
the Romans, worshipped after death as 
Jupiter Indiges. — Hence, 1. JEne« 
ades, ae, m.\ a. Prop.: A descendant 
of Apneas ; his son Ascanius. — b. 
Meton.: ( )Plur.: (Gen. sync. 2Ene- 
adum, Virg.) (a) The Trojans. — (B) 
The Romans.— ( ) Sing.: An adulatory 
epithet of Augustus.— 2. JEne-is, Wis 
or idos,/. The /Eneid; an epic poem by 
Virgil; the hero of which is AEneas. — 
3. "jEne-ms, a, um, adj. Of AEneas. 
ae-neus (She-), a, um, adj. [for 
aer-neus; fr. ees, asr-is] I. Prop.: 
Made of bronze or copper; bronze-, 
\copper- : candelabra, Cic. : aeneus ut 
i. e. that a bronze statue may be 

Aello, us,/., m., 'AeAAw (Storm). Greeted to thee, Hor. II. Pig. : Brasen: 
Aei!o:lAThenameofaHarpy.—2.0ne jproles, Ov. III. Meton.: A. Of the 
of A ctaions hounds. \colour of bronze : barba, Suet. — B. 

JEmilianus, i, m. AEmilianus ; the \Hard as bronze • murus, Hor. 
name of a Roman gens. J gemgma, atis, n. - alviyfia. A 



riddle, enigmas Cic % Hence, Fr. 

aen-i-pes (ahe-), edis, adj. [aen- 
us ; (i) ; pes] That has feet of bronze or 
brass; brazen-footed: boves, Ov. 

ae-nus (ahe-), a, urn, adj. [for 
aer-rras; fr. ass, asr-is] I. Prop.: Of 
copper or bronze: f aloes, Virg. — As 
Subst.: aenum, i, n. (sc. vas) A copper 
vessel used for boiling, etc.: litore aena 
locant, Virg. II. Fig.: Firm, invinc- 
ible: manns, Hor. 

iErms (-os), i,/., At I/O?. JEnus or 
jfinos: 1. A harbour of Thrace, at one 
of the mouths of the Ilebrus (now Eno). 
— 2.-4 river between Rhoitia and 
Noricum (now the Inn). 

iEoles, um, m., AioAets. The JEol- 
ians: originally in Thessaly; afterwards 
in the Peloponnesus, on the coast of Asia 
Minor, in Lesbos, etc.: Cic. 

1. iEolia, as, /., AioAi'a (sc. yr t ). 
JZolia in Asia Minor. — Hence, ^Eoli- 
US, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
JEolia. — As Subst.: JEolii, orum, m. 
(sc. incolee) The JEolians. — Hence, 1. 
iBoll-us, a, um, adj. JEolian: puella, 
%. e. Sappho, as a Lesbian woman, 
Hor. — 2. iEolI-cus, a, tun, adj., 
AtoAt/co?. jEolic. 

2. iEolia, as, v. iEolus. 

iEolus, i, m., AtoAo? (The change- 
able one). sEolus: 1. The god of the 
vnnds. — Hence, a, iEol-Ius, a, um, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, Jiolus. — As 
Subst. : JEolia, as, f. (sc. terra) The 
land of jEoIus ; a group of islands near 
Sicily (now Isole de Lipari) where 
jEolus reigned,— b. i£61-ides, a?, in, 
A descendant of AJolus; i. e. (a) Sisy- 
phus. — (b) Ulysses, as the reputed son 
of Sisyphus.— c. iE61-is, Mis,/. A 
female descendant of /Eolus : (a) Ilalc- 
yone. — (b) Canace. — 2. A companion 
of uEneas, killed by Turn us. 

sequa-bnXs, e, adj. [apqu(a)-o] 
(That may be made, or is, equal; 
hence) 1. Of degree, kind, etc.: Equal: 
pra?da3 partkio, Cic. — 2. Of character, 
nature, etc. : a. G e n. : Uniform, equable : 
motus certus et asquabilis, Cic. : 
(Comp.) asquabilior firmitas, Sen. — 
b. Esp.: Of style : Uniform: tractus 
orationis, Cic. — 3. In morals : Equit- 
able, just, right: jus asquabile, that 
deals alike with all, Cic. *j[ Hence, 
Fr. (old) equable. 

sequabil-Itas, atis,/. [asquabil-is] 
( The quality of the aequabilis ; hence) 
1, Equality, equal condition, etc.: Cic. 
— 2. : a. Uniformity, equability: mo- 
tus, Cic— b. Of style: Uniformity, i. e. 
absence of rhetorical embellishment : 
Cic. — 3. Equity, justice, impartiality : 
Cic. If Hence, Fr. equability. 

sequabli-Iter, adv. [id.] Uniform- 
ly, equally : asquabiliter prasdam dis- 
pertire,Cic: (Cor?ip.) asquabilius, Sail. 

8e<iu»sev-us, a, um, adj. [asqu-us; ' 
eev-um] Of eqxuxl age, just as old, 
coeval: amicus, Virg. 

aequa-lis, e,adj. [asqu(a)-o] (That 
equals; hence) 1. Of dimension, etc.: 
Of similar or corresponding length, 
magnitude, or size ; equal : corpus, 
Virg. — 2. Of surface, etc.: Equal, uni- 

form, level, plain, smooth, even : terra, 
Ov. — 3. Of degree or amount : Equal, 
corresponding, ei/9, : peccata, Cic. : 
(with Dcd.) qimm paupertatem divitiis 
sequalem esse velimus, id. — 4. Of a 
speoch, etc.: Equal to the subject, etc.; 
adapted, suited: Cic. — 5. Of persons or 
things : a. With reference to othei^s : 
Equal, like, resembling : Bastarnis 
Scordisci lingua et moribus asquales, 
Liv. — b. With reference to them- 
selves : Uniform, equable, etc.: (Comp.) 
lentior (sc. procella) asqualiorque, 
Liv.— 6. Of time : a. Of persons : (a) 
Of the same age, as old, coeval: chorus 
aequalis Dryadum, Virg. — As Subst.: 
sequaHs, is, m. One of the same age, 
an equal in years : adolescens ita 
dilexi senem, ut sequalem, Cic. — (b) 
Living at the same date with , correspond- 
ing in time to, contemporary with : 
Demosthenes maximos oratores asqua- 
les habuit, Cic: (with IJat.) aequalis 
temporibus illis scriptor, Liv. — As 
Subst.: sequalis, is, m.: (a) A con- 
temporary, one living at the same date: 
Cic. — (j8) In the comic poets : Brother 
in age, friend of one's youth, comrade : 
Plant. — b. Of things : (a) Equal in 
duration: asquali ictu freta scindere, 
i. e. with measured stroke of the oar, Ov. 

— As Subst. : sequalis, is, /. That 
which is of the same duration as some- 
thing else : ajqualem astatis sua? mem- 
oriam deposcit, Cic— (b) Coeval, co- 
existent with : memoria nota et asqualis, 
i.e. which belongs to our time, Cic. — 
(c) Equal in degree or force: imber, 
regular or steady rain, Liv. — (d) Of 
metre : Equal in time or quantity: Cic. 

— As Subst. : aequalis, is, m. An 
equal of something else : Cic. f, Hence, 
Fr. (old) equal, (mod.) igal. 

aequal-itas, atis, /. [asqual-is] 
(The state or quality of the sequalis; 
hence) 1. Of surface : Evenness, smooth- 
ness: Sen. — 2.: a. Equality, similarity 
of condition, etc.: Cic. — b. Political 
equality: Tac. — 3. Equality of age, 
equal or corresponding age: Cic. ^f 
Hence, Fr. (old) iqualM, (mod.) 

sequal-Iter, adv. [id.] 1. Evenly, 
smoothly, etc.: collisasqualiterdeclivis, 
Cass. — 2. In an equal degree, equally, 
similarly: asqualiter distributum, Cic. 

— 3. Uniformly, equably: (Comp.) 
asqualius duci parebant, Tac. 

aaqu-anim-Itas, atis./. [asqu-us; 
anim-us] (The state of one who has 
asquus animus ; hence) 1 . Favour, 
good will : Ter. — 2. Equanimity, calm- 
ness : PI. *[[ Hence, Fr. equanimity. 

sequa-tio, on is,/. [asqu(a)-o] An 
equalizing , equal distribution : Cic. % 
Hence, Fr. Equation. 

sequ-e, adv. [asqu-us] 1. Equally, 
just as: asque longas, Cass. — 2. In like 
manner, equally, just so : aeque labor- 
are, Cic. — Particular phrases: 

a. Mqne cum. Equally with: Plaut. — 

b. iBque with Abl. denoting com- 
parison : In an equal degree, etc., 
with: Plaut. — c. iBque et, asque que, 
Equally with ; as much as : Cic. ; Hor. 
— d. Mque atque, or ac, Equally with; 

to the same degree or extent as ; as mwh 
as: Cic— e. iEque ac si, lust as if % 
altogether as if: Cic— f. iEque . . r 
quam, As . . . as; in the same mannet 
. . . as ; as well . . . as: Plaut. — g. 
iEque . . , ut, asque . . . ut quasi, 
Lii e . . . as ; equally with, like as 
though: PL; Plaut. — h, JEcnie . . . 
a^que, As well . . . as; as much . . . as: 
Hor. — j. iEque = seque ac, Equally 
ivith, as much as, etc.: Plant.; Cic. — 
3. Justly, with equity: societatem con- 
junetionis humanas seque tuens, Cic. 

iEqui, orum , m. The JEqni ; a war- 
like people of ancient Italy. — Hence, 
i£qu-icus, a, um, adj. Of the jEqui, 
sEquian, sEquic. — Hence, JSquie- 
ulus (-olus), a, um, adj. dim. JEqu- 
ian.~- As Subst.: JSquiculus, i, m. 
One of the jEqui. 

eequllibr-itas, atis,/. [aequilibr- 
is, evenly balanced] (The quality of the 
ajquilibris ; hence) An even balancing 
or equal distribution of the powers of 
nature : Cic. 

aequ-I-libr-ium, ri, n. [asqu-us; 
(i); libr-o] (An even balancing; hence) 
A level or horizontal position, equilibr- 
ium: Sen. % Hence, Fr. equilibre. 

iEqu-X-m33li-um (-me-), li, n. 
[aequ-um ; (i); Mseli-us] (The level of 
Moelius) The sEquimelium; an open 
space in Rome below the Capitol, not far 
frcm the Career, where once stood the 
house of the turbulent tribune of the 
people, Sp. Moelius, who was slain by 
I Ahala, during the dictatorship of Cin- 
; cinnatus (now in the Via di Marforio). 
I sequinocti-alis, e, adj. [sequi- 
| noct-ium] Pertaining to the equinox, 
'■ equinoctial: PI. % Hence, Fr. 6qui- 
i noxial. 

j 33qu-i-noct-ium, Ti, n. [asqu-us ; 
; (i); nox,noct-is] (The thing pertaining 
to equal nights; hence) The equinox: 
Cic; Liv. ^T_ Hence, Fr. equinoxe. 

aequipara-bilis, e, adj. [agqui- 
par(a)-o] That may be compared, com- 
parable: Plaut. 

aequ-I-paro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[asqu-us; (i) ; paro] ( To bring to, or put 
on, an equality; hence) I. To put a 
thing (in judging of it) on an equality 
with another thing; to compare, liken: 
Jovis Solisque equis dictatorem, Liv. 
II. To come up to in worth ; to equal: 
nee calamis solum asquiparas sed voce 
magistrum, Virg. 

aequ-Itas, atis, /. [asqu-us] (T?ie 
quality of the asquus; hence): 1, 
(Prop. : Evenness; Fig.) Conformity, 
uniformity, symmetty: membrorum, 
Suet. — 2.: a. Just, equitable, humane, 
or kind conduct; courtesy, kindness: 
belli asquitas sanctissime fetiali jure 
perscripta est, Cic. — b. Justice : quam 
habet asquitatem, ut agrum, qui null- 
um habuit, haberet ? Cic — 3. (with 
or without animus) An equable, quiet, 
tranquil state of mind ; moderation in 
desire; calmness, equanimity : Cic. ^f 
Hence, Fr. equite". 

asqu-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. and 
n. [id.] (To make asquus; hence) I. 
To make even, level, or smooth ; to 
level : quo ia summo est «eqtfate agri 



planities, Cic. II.: A. To make equal, 
to place on an equality, to equalize; 
aequato omnium periculo, Caes.; nocti 
ladum, i. e. to prolong throughout the 
night, Yirg. — Particular phrases : 
1. Milit. t.t.: JSquare frontem or 
acieni, To form a front or line equal to 
that of the enemy: Liv. — 2, Polit. t. L: 
iEquare sortes, To equalize the lots, i.e. 
to see whether the lots are equal in num- 
ber to those who draw, of the same 
> material, and each with a different 
name: Plaut. — B. To become equal to , 
to reach by equalling; to equal: 1. 
Neut. : qui jam iilis fere aequarunt, 
Cic. — 2. Act.: sagitta asquans ventos, 
i. e. in speed, Virg. — C. To place on an 
equality with, to compare to : llannibali 
Philippum, Liv. 

aequ-or, oris,rc. [aequ-o] {The thing 
made, or that is, aequus; hence) I. 
Gen.: An even or level surface : camp- 
orum patentium aequora, Cic. II. 
Esp.: A. : 1 . P r o p. : The even, smooth 
surface of the sea (in its quiet state); the 
calm smooth sea: Var. — 2. Me ton. : 
The water of the sea ; the sea, even when 
agitated by storms: Virg. — B. The 
surface of a stream : Virg. — C. A level 
■field, plain, etc. : Virg. 

aequor-eus, a, urn, adj. [aequor] 
Of, or pertaining to, the sea: rex, i.e. 
Neptune, Ov.: genus, i.e. fish, Virg. 

aequus, a, um, adj. [prps. akin to 
Sanscrit eka-s, " one;'' usually referred 
to etK-w] (Pertaining to one kind, na- 
ture, etc.;— like) 1. : a. Prop. : Of 
place, with reference to the surface : 
(Of one uniform nature throughout; 
hence) Plain, smooth, even, level, flat: 
sive loquitur ex inferiore loco, sive 
aequo, sive ex superiore, i. e. before the 
judges sitting on ixtised seats, or on the 
floor of the senate, or in the assembly of 
the people from the rostrum, Cic. : 
(Comp.) legio in tequiore loco constit- 
erat, Caes. — As Subst. : oequum, i, n. 
(sc. solum): (a) A level spot, a plain: 
Liv.; Tac. — (b) A level or smooth 
slope: Tac.— b. Fig.: (a) Of place or 
time: FavGUY able, advantageous : locum 
se aequum ad dimicandum dedisse, 
Caes. : tempore aequo, Suet.— (b) Of 
persons or things : Favourable, kind, 
friendly, benevolent, etc.: aequa Venus 
Teucris, Ov. — As Subst. : sequus, i, 
m. A friend: et aequi et iniqui, Cic. 
— (c) In a moral sense : (a) Of per- 
sons : Fair, equitable, etc. : praetor 
aequus et sapiens, Cic— (/3) Of things: 
Equitable, reasonable. fair, honourable: 
(Sup.) id, quod aequissimum est, Cic. 
—As Subst. : aequum, i , n That which 
is reasonable, right, proper, etc.; equity, 
fairness, etc. : servantissimus aequi, 
Virg. — Particular combina- 
tion: iEquum et bonum, Equitable, 
kind, noble, generous conduct : de aequo 
et bono disputare, Cic.—- Also without 
a conj. : illi aequum bonum tradid- 
erunt, Cic. — (d) Mentally: Even, equa- 
ble, calm, composed, tranquil, etc. : 
•sequus animus, Cic. — Particular 
phrases: (a) iEquo(aeqi}iore,aequis- 
Bimo) animo, With equanimity, quietly, 
with forbearance: Cic; Suet. — (/3) 

iEqui bonique (or aequi boni) facere 
aliquid, To take a thing pleasantly, not 
to take it ill or amiss, to put up with it, 
etc. : Ter. ; Cic. — (y) iEqui bonique 
dieere, To propose anything reasonable: 
Ter. — 2. (Like some other thing or 
person): a. Equal, like, corresponding, 
similar, etc.: pars, Cic: aequo Marte 
pugnare, i. e. to have a drawn battle, 
Liv. — Adverbial phrases: (a) 
Ex aequo, In an equal degree, equally : 
Ov. — (b) In aequo ponere, To place on 
an equality: Liv. — As Subst.: sequus, 
i, to. (sc. homo) An equal in rank, 
etc. : Auct. Her. — b. Equal to some- 
thing in height, etc.; on a level with: 
urbs rmbibus aequa, Ov. 

aer, aeris, m. (Ace. aera and aerem) 
= drjp, I„ Prop.: The air; the lower 
air or atmosphere : Cic. II. Me ton.: 
Cloud, vapour, mist: Virg. f Hence, 
Fr. air. 

aer-arius, a um, adj. [aes, aer-is] 
(Of, or belonging to, aes ; hence) 1. Of, 
or pertaining to, copper or bronze: 
metal! um, a copper mine, PL — As 
Subst. : a. aerarius, ft, m. (sc. faber) 
A copper-smith; a worker in bronze: 
PL— b. seraria, ae,/.: (a) (sc.fodina) 
A copper-mine: Caes. — (b) (.sc. fornax) 
A smelting furnace for copper : PL- — 2. 
Of, or pertaining to, money: milites 
aerarii, mercenary troop>s, Var. — As 
Subst. : a. aer arms, ft, to. (sc. civis) 
A citizen of the lowest class, ivho paid 
only a poll-tax, and had no right of 
voting. Other citizens were at times de- 
graded (by the censors) into this class, 
and deprived of all previous dignities: 
Liv. — b. aerarium, ft, n. (a) 
Prop.: (a) Gen.: A bank or trea- 
sury: Nep. — (/3) Esp.: At Rome : The 
place in the temple of Saturn, where the 
public treasure was kept; the public 
treasury ; here also the public archives, 
and the military standards, were de- 
posited : Cic. ; Liv. ; Tac — Sanctius 
aerarium, Hie more sacred aerarium ; 
i. e. that part of the aerarium where was 
deposited the fund which could be used 
only in cases of extreme public necessity: 
Liv.— (b) Meton. : (a) The public 
treasure or finances: Cic. — (/3) A 
private fund or collection: Nep. — (c) 
Fig.: Of the mind: A depository, store- 
house: Quint. 

ser-atus, a, um ,adj. [id.] (Provided 
with aes ; hence) 1 . : a. Provided with 
bronze, etc. : lecti, with bronze feet, Cic. : 
naves, with beaks of bronze, Hor. — b. 
Made of bronze: catenae, Prop.— 2. 
Provided with money; rich, opulent: 
tribuni, Cic. 

aer-eus, a, um, adj. [id.] (Pertain- 
ing to aes ; hence) 1 . Made of copper or 
bronze; copper-, bronze-: cornua,Virg. 
— 2. Covered with copper; coppered: 
clipeus, Virg.— 3. Of the colour of cop- 
per, copper-like: turbida (k. gemma) 
aereis venis, PL 

ser=i»fer, era, gram, adj. [aes, aer- 
is; (i); fer-o] Carrying copper, etc., 
i. e. bronze cymbals : manus, Ov. 

aer-I-pes, edis, adj. [aes, aer-is; 
(i); pes] Bronze-footed: tauri, Ov. 

aer •i-son-us, a, um, adj. [aes, aer- 

is; (i); son-o] Resounding with bronze 
or copper: Sil. 
aerlus (-eus),a,nm,adj.=aepio<; % 

1. Of, or belonging to, the air; airy, 
aerial: aerii volatus avium, Cic. — 2. 
Rising aloft in the air, high: ulmus^ 

Aerope, es; -a, ae, /., 'Aepony) 
(Air-seer) A erope or Aeropa; the wife 
of Atreus. 

aerug-in-5sus, a,um, adj. [aerugo, 
aerugin-is] Full of copper-rust, rusted; 

ser-ugo, mis,/, [aes, aer-is] (Thai 
which springs from aes; hence) I. 
Prop.: Rust of copper : Cic. II. Fig.' 
A. Envy, jealousy: Hor. — B. Avarice: 
Hor. III. Meton. : A. Rusty coin: 
Juv. — B. Verdigris: PL 

ser-umna, ae, /. [etym. dub.; re- 
ferred by some to Sanscrit root J as, 
"to strive"] Great trouble, hardship, 
toil, whether of body or mind ; pain, 
distress, tribulation, calamity, etc. : 
aerumna est aegritudo laboriosa, Cic 

aerumna -bills, e, adj. [aerumna, 
through obsol. verb, aerumn(a)-o] 
Wretched, full of trouble, calamitous: 

serumn-osus, a, um, adj. [aer- 
umn-a] Full of trouble, wretched, suffer- 
ing : afflicti, aerumnosi, Cic: (Comp.) 
nihil aerumnosius, Sen. : (Sup.) aer- 
umnosissimus, Cic. 

aes, aeris, n. (Plur., Nom. and Ace, 
aera, freq.) [akin to Sanscrit ay as, 
"iron"] I. Prop.: A. (with or with- 
out Cyprium) Copper: PL .-scoria aeris, 
copper-dross or scoria, id. — B. A com- 
position of copper and tin, bronze (not 
brass, w T hich is properly a mixture of 
copper and zinc, and which most pro- 
bably was never used by the ancients): 
statua ex aere, Cic: ducere aliquem 
ex aere, to cast one's image in bronze, 
PL :— so, ducere aera, Hor. II. M e t- 
on. : A. Gen.: Anything made of 
copper, bronze, etc.: (statues, weapons, 
armour, tables of laws, utensils of hus- 
bandry, etc.) fixum est aere pviblico 
senatus consultum, Tac : ardentes 
clypeos atque aera micantia cerno, 
Virg. : aere (with the trumpet) ciere 
viros, id. B. Esp.: 1. Money: aea 
circumf oraneum , borrowed from the 
brokers in the forum, Cic. — Parti- 
cular phrases: a. iEs alienum 
(The money of another ; hence) A stun 
owed, a debt: Cic— b. In aere meo est 
(He is in my pay; i. e.) He is my ad- 
herent, supporter, etc: Cic — c. Alicu- 
jus aeris esse, To be of some value, Gell. 
— d. In aere suo censeri, To be esteemed 
in its own money (i. e. according to itz 
intrinsic worth), Sen. — e. Per aes et 
librarn, By means of money and scale 
(a formality of sale, by which the seller, 
in token of the bargain being struck, put 
apiece of money into the scale): Liv. — • 

2. = as : The unit of the coin standard: 
aes grave, the (old) heavy coin (which 
was weighed, not counted out), I/ v. 
— So, aes alone in Gen. Sing., instead 
of assium: Liv.— Also for coins smaller 
than an as (quadrans,triens, <?&•.): aere 
lavantur (the price of admission to 



the bath* was a quadrans), Juv.— -3. 
Plur.: a.: (a) A soldier's pay : Liv.— 
(b) Military service, period of service : 
Cic — b. Reward, payment: Juv. 

iEsaeug (-OS),i,m., AumKos. jEs- 
&cus ; a son of Priam. 

1. iEsar, m. JEsar; a name of the 
supreme deity among the Etruscans. 

2. iEsar, axis, m. jEsar; a river in 
Lower J tat/, near Crotona (now Necete). 
— Hence, iEsar-eus, a, um, adj. Of 
the jEsar. 

JEschmes, is,«j. {Ace. Gr. JSschin- 
en, PL), AtcrxiVr??. JSschines: 1. A 
disciple of Socrates. — 2. An Athenian 
orator, rival of Demosthenes. — 3. An 
orator of Miletus, contemporary with 

JEschylus, i, m., KicrxvXos. Jfis- 
ehylus: 1. The first great tragic poet of 
Greece. — Hence. iEschyl-eus, a, um, 
adj. Of JEscJiylus, — 2. A rhetorician 
of Cnidos, contemporary with Cicero. 

JEsCUlapillS, li, m., 'Acr/cA^jrios. 
/Eszulapius; so?i of Apollo and Coronis, 
deified for skill in medicine: Cic. 

seseul-etum (e»o), i, n. [sescul- 
us] (A place supplied with aasculi ; 
hence) An oak forest: Hor. 

sescul-ens (esc-), a, um, at?;', [id.] 
Of, or pertaining to, the eesculus ; oaken, 
oak-: Ov. 

seseulus (esc-) , i , /. [perhaps con- 
nected with Greek aKuAo?] The cesc- 
ulus; the winter or Italian oak {ivith 
edible acorns), sacred to Jupiter : Virg. 

iEsernia, se, /. JEsernia; a town 
of Samnium, on the Vulturnus (now 
hernia or Sergna). — Hence, iEsern- 
inus, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, JEsernia. 

iEson, 5nis, m., Alcr<ov. jEson ; a 
Tixessalianprince, step-brother of Pelias, 
and father of Jason, who, in extreme old 
age, was transformed into a youth by 
the magic arts of Medea. — Hence, 1, 
iEson-ides, se, m. A descendant of 
JEson; i. e. Jason: Ov. — 2. iEson- 
lus, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
/Rson ; JSsonian : heros, i. e. Jason, Ov. 

iEsopus, i, m., Alo-wtto?. jEsopus: 
1 . A fabulist, native of Phi^ygia, in the 
time of Croesus. — Hence, iEsop-ius 
(»eus), a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, JEsop; JEsopian. — 2. A tragic actor, 
friend of Cicero. 

ses-tas, atis, /. [prob. akin to 
oes-tus] {The burning season; hence) I, 
Prop.: The summer : aestate ineunte, 
at the beginning of summer, Cic. II. 
Met on.: A. A year: quae duabus 
eestatibus gesta, Tac. — B. Summer 
air: Virg,— C. Summer heat: Hor. 
«f[ Hence, Fr. M. 

% sest-I-fer, era, e'rum, adj. [aest-us ; 
(i) ; fer-o] 1. Bringing, causing, or 
producing heat: Canis, i. e. the Dog- 
star, Virg.— 2. Suffering heat, sultry, 
lot: Luc. 

sestima-bilis, e,adj. [a)stim(a)-o] 
To be esteemed, estimable. *f[ Hence, 
Fr. estimable. 

aestima-tlo, onis, /. [id.] 1.: a. 
Prop. : The estimating a thing ac- 
cording to its extrinsic worth ; anestim- 
atwn t assessment, valuation, value: 

eequa, Caes. : f rumen ti, the valuation by 
the praetor, etc., of corn to be furnished, 
Cic. : poena, the assessment of a fine, 
id. : litium, the assessment of damages 
in a suit, id.: in agstimationem prasdia 
accipere, to accept an estate at a valua- 
tion, Cic: facetiously, sestimationem 
accipere, to suffer loss, id. — b.M e t o n. : 
Plur. : Estates : quando aastimationes 
tuas vendere non potes, Cic. — 2.: a. 
Prop.: The estimating a thing accord- 
ing to its intrinsic worth ; a valuation, 
estimation : honoris, Liv. — b. M e t o n. : 
The worth or value {of a thing) : me 
non mo vet aestimatione, sed, etc., Cat. 
^f Hence, Fr. estimation. 

sestima-tor, oris, m. [id.] 1. An 
estimator of a thing accox'ding to its 
extrinsic value ; a valuer, appraiser : 
frumenti, Cic. — 2. An estimator or 
valuer of a thing according to its in- 
trinsic worth : rerum, Cic. If Hence, 
Fr. estimateur. 

aes-timo (-iimo), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [prob. for asr-timo; fr. aas, 
ser-is] I. Prop.: To estimate the ex- 
trinsic or money value of a thing ; to 
value, rate : domum , Cic. — P articul- 
ar phrase : iEstimare litem: A. To 
affix or assess the damages at the term- 
ination of a suit: Cic; Nep. — B. To 
assess the amount for injury done, etc.: 
Cass. II, F i g. : To estimate the intrinsic 
or moral worth of a thing ; to weigh : 
iidem expendunt et asstimant volup- 
tates.Cic : (with Gen. oxAbl. of estima- 
tion) auctoritatem alicujusmagni,id.: 
aliquid permagno, id.: (with Relative 
clause) gestumabitis, qualis ilia pax, 
etc., Sail, % Hence, Fr. estimer. 

a^stlva, orum, v. restivus. 

eestrv-e, adv. [asstiv-us] In a 
summer-like manner: asstive admod- 
um viaticati sumus, i. e. very scantily, 

sestiv-o, avi, atum, are [id.] 1. v. 
n. To spend or pass the summer : PL 

sest-Ivus, a, um, adj. (for a^stat- 
ivus ; fr. aastas, a3stat-is) Of summer, 
as in summer, summer-like, summer- : 
sestivos menses rei militari dare;, Cic. : 
sestivi saltiis, lohere flocks find summer 
pastiwe, Liv. — As Subst. : sestiva, 
orum, n. : 1. {sc. castra): a. Prop.: 
Summer camp: Cic. — b. Met on. : 
{The time spent in a summer camp; 
i. e.) A military expedition, a cam- 
paign: Cic— 2. {sc. loca): a. Prop.: 
Summer pastures: PL — b. Met on.: 
The cattle in summer pastures: Virg. 

sestii-arium, Ti, n., [aostus, {un- 
contr. Gen.) aastu-is] {A thing per- 
taining to 83stus ; hence) 1. A part of 
the coast which the sea alternately covers 
and leaves ; the marshy shore, etc : in 
asstuaria, ac paludes, Cass. — 2. : a. 
Prop.: A creek, inlet, frith, estuary : 
itinera concisa aastuariis, Caes. — b« 
M e t o n. : Mining t. t. : An air-hole, 
air-shaft: fodere aestuaria, PI. 

sestu»o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
[id.] I.: A. Of things: To be warm 
or hot; to glow: scribilitaa sestuant, 
Plaut. : ager a?stuat, Virg. — B. Of 
persons or animals : To feel heat, to be 
warm or hot: algendo, sestuando, Cic. : 

sub pondere, Ov. II. Of the passions s 
A. Gen.: To be inflamed or excited, 

to burn : aastuare illi, qui dederant 
pecuniam, Cic— B. Esp.: Of love or 
passionate desire : To burn, glow, rage, 
etc. : in ilia, Ov. III. Of fire : To 
wave, surge, roll, etc.: testuat fornac- 
ibus ignis, Virg. IV.: A. Prop. : 
Of the sea, etc.: 1. To rise in waves or 
billows, to surge, etc : Maura unda, 
Hor. — 2. To be in violent agitation or 
fury ; to rage : voragine gurges, Virg. 
— B. Mot on.: Of other tilings: To 
undulate, or have a waving or wave-like 
motion; to be tossed, to heave, etc: in 
ossibus humor, Virg. V.: A. To rage, 
become furious, etc; to boil as the sea: 
imo in corde pudor, Virg. — B. To 
waver or vacillate; to be uncertain or 
in doubt; to fluctuate: dubitatione, Cic. 

aestuos-e, adv. [aastuos-us] I. 
Prop.: With great ox fierce heat; hotly : 
{Comp.) asstuosius, Hor. n. Fig.: 
Fiercely, impetuously: Plaut. 

sestu-osus a, um, adj. [aastus, 
{uncontr. Gen.) asstu-is] {Full of 
02stus; hence) 1. Full of heat, very 
hot, burning hot: via, Cic : {Sup.) 
ffistuosissimi dies, PL— 2. Full of 
billoivs, in violent ebullition: freta, Hor. 

aes-tus, us, m. [prob. akin to ald-a] 
{A burning; hence) 1.: a. Prop.: 
Of fire: Heat: Virg,— b. Me ton. : 
Of other things: (a) Heat, warmth: 
Lucr. — (b) Glowing or scorching heat: 
Caniculae, Hor. : asstibus mediis, in 
the mid-day heats, Virg. — (c) Febrile 
heat; the heatoi disease : Cic. — c. Fig.: 
Fire, rage, excitement, passion, etc.: 
regum et populorum, Hor. — 2. : a. 
Prop.: Of fire: A waving or rolling 
motion: Virg. — b. Meton. : (a) Oi 
the sea : (a) The swell, surge : Cic— 
(j3) The agitated sea ; the waves, billorcs, 
etc: Virg.— (y) The flux and reflux oi 
the sea ; the tide: Cic — (b) In Lucre- 
tius : (a) The atomic efflux from one 
body to another. — (/3) The magnetic 
fluid. — c. Fig. : (a) A wave, billow, 
etc.: belli, Lucr.: pectoris, Ov. — (b) 
A vacillating, irresolute state of mind; 
embarrassment, vacillation, etc.: Cic. 

iSsiila, se, /. JEsula; a town in 
the neighbourhood of Tibur. — Hence, 
JSsul-amis, , a, um, adj. Of uEsula. 

se-tas, atis, /. {Gen. Plur. usu. 
ffitatum ; tetatium, Veil. ; Liv.) [for ; 
eev-tas; fr. aev-um] {The state of 
aevirm ; hence) I. Prop.: Of living 
beings: A. Gen.: The period of life, 
lifetime, life, age: a primo tempore 
astatis, Cic : flos astatis, i. e. youth, id. 
— Adverbial expressions : 1. 
iEtatem : a. Through the whole life t 
during lifetime, continually: Plaut.— ' 
b. A long time, a long while: Ter. — 2. 
In setate : a. At times, sometimes, now 
and then: Plaut. — b. Always, ever, at 
any time: Plaut. B. Esp.: 1. Age, 
old age: affectus aetate,Cic — 2. Early 
life, youth: ambo florentes astatibus, 
Virg.— 3. A particular season of life; 
age: consularis, i. e. the legal age for 
the consulship, Cic. : id aetatis jam 
sumus, loe are now at that season oj 
Uf% id. U, F i g. : Of things : A. Age, 



old ape: bene astatem ferfc (sc. vinum), 
i. e. it keeps well, Cic— B. Age in gen- 
eral : differentia astatis (sc. arborum), 
PI. III. Me ton.: A. Time: omnia 
fert Eetas, Virg. — B. An age or gener- 
ation: heroicse eetates, Cic. — C. A 
generation, i. e. men living at a part- 
icular time : quid nos dura ref ugimus 
/Etas? Hor. 

fetat-ula, as, /. dim. [aetas, astat- 
is] Youthful or tender age : Plaut. ; Cic. 

setorn-itas, atis, /. [setern-us] 
( The state of the asternus ; hence) 1 . 
Eternity: Cic— 2. Eternal duration: 
a. Prop.: aeternitatem immortal- 
it atemque donavit, Cic. — b. Fig.: As 
a title of the Emperors : PI. Ep. f 
Hence, Fr. tternitt. 

L aetern-o, adv. [id.] Eternally, 
everlastingly, etc.: virere, PL 

2. setern-o, no per/ '. nor sup., are, 
1. v. a. [id.] To perpetuate, immort- 
alize : virtutes in aivum, Hor. 

set-emus, a, ran, adj. [for astat- 
ernus ; fr. artas, aetat-is] (Pertaining 
to retas; hence) 1. Enduring for a 
long time, durable, lasting: (Comp.) 
aeternior natura, PL — 2. Eternal, 
everlasting: deus, Cic. — Adverbial 
phrases: a. In seternum or simply 
eeternum : For all time, for ever: Li v.; 
Virg. — b. Externum, Incessantly: 

eether, Sris (and G-r. gros), m. = 
ai6r)p (The burning or shining thing): 
I. Prop.: The upper air, the ether: 
Cic. II. Meton.: A. The god Alther, 
son of Chaos and father of Coelum : 
Cic--B. Jupiter: Virg. — C. Heaven: 
Virg, — D. The sky: Virg. — E. The air 
in gen.: Virg. — F. The (upper) world, 
the earth: Virg. % Hence, Fr. ether. 

aetlier-ius (-eus), a, urn, adj. 
[aether] (Of, or pertaining to, asther ; 
hence) 1. Ethereal: postignem rether- 
ia domo Subductum, Hor. — 2. Hea- 
venly, celestial: arces, Ov. — 3. Of, or 
belonging to, the air: nubes, Lucr. — 
4. Of, or belonging to, the (tipper) 
world: vesci aura astheria, Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. Mtiri* 

iEtluops, opis, m., Ai9Lo\U (One 
with sun-burnt face or dark-looking 
one): 1.: a. Prop. : An Ethiopian: 
PL — As adj. (also fern.) : Ethiopian: 
stipes, an Ethiopian log, as a term of 
contempt, Cic. — b. Meton. : (a) An 
Egyptian: Hor. — (b) A black man, a 
blackamoor: Juv. — 2.sEthiops; a son 
of Vulcan. 

iEthon, onis, m. [alOwv] (Burn- 
ing). JEthon; the name of a horse in 
the chariots of various heathen deities. 

1. aethra, ae,/. = ai0pa. The bright, the cloudless sky: Virg. 

2. ^Ithra, re, /., Aid pa (Bright 
air). JEthra: 1, Daughter of Oceanus 
and Tethys. — 2. Daughter of Pittheus. 

iEtna, ae; -ne, es,/., AXtvt\ (The 
burning thing). JEtna or jEtne : 1. A 
volcanic mountain of Sicily (now Monte 
Gibello), containing, ace. to fable, the 
forge of Vulcan, where the Cyclops 
forged thunderbolts for Jupiter, and 
under which the latter buried Typhon.— 
Hence, JEtn-aeus, a, ran, adj.: a. 

Prop. : Of /Etna : fratres, the Cyclopes, 
V irg.— b . M e t o n . : ( a) Sicilian : tellus, 
Ov. — (b) Such as is, etc., in Aitna; 
fire-vomiting : antra, Virg. — 2. A town 
at the foot of Mount JEtna. — Hence, 
iEtn-eiisis, e, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, JEtna. 

JStoHa, as,/., AitwAux. JEtolia; a 
province in Central G7^eece.~ Hence, 1. 
iEtol-Seus, a, urn, adj. JEtolian.—2. 
JStol-is, idis,/.,_AiTcoAts. AnJElolian 
woman.-~3. ^Btol-ius, a, urn, adj. 
jEiolian: heros, i. e. Diomedes, who 
once reigned in iEtolia : Ov. — 4. 
i£tol-us, a,um,ac/y., AtTwAo?. JStol- 
ian : urbs, i. e. A rpi in Apulia, built 
by Diomedes, Virg.— As Subst.: j£toli, 
drum, m. (sc. incolce) The inhabitants 
of Allot ia: Liv.; Virg. 

sev-Itas, atis, /. [sev-um] (The 
state of 03vum ; hence) Age, time of 
life: Cic. 

aevum, i, n. (-us, i, m., Lucr.) 
[akin to Sanscrit djus, "life;" Gr. 
alf^i'} I. Prop.: A. Gen.: Life- 
time, life: flos asvi, youth, Ov. B. 
Esp.: 1. Age, old age: Virg. — 2. A 
particular season of life, age, time of 
life: Hor. II. Meton.: A. An age 
or generation : ter 83VO functus, Hor. 
— B. A generation, i. e. men living at a 
particular time : PL— C. Uninterrupt- 
ed, jiever-ending time; eternity: Hor. 

Afer, frj, m.: I. Prop.: Afer; a 
son of the Libyan Hercules. — Hence, 
Afr-i'cus, a, um, adj. Of, or belong- 
ing to, Afer : terra, the land of Afer, 
i. e. Africa : Liv. — As Subst. : A. 
Africa, as,/, (sc. terra) j 1. Prop.: 
Africa.— Hence, Afrioanus, a, um, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, Africa ; 
African : Cic. — As Subst. : a. Afric- 
anus, i, m. Africanus; a cognomen 
of the two most distinguished Scipios: 
(a) Of P. Cornelius Scipio, who defeated 
Hannibal at Zama, B. c. 202.— (b) Of 
P. Cornelius Scipio AHmilianus, who 
conducted the third Punic war, and 
destroyed Carthage, b, C. 148. — b. 
Africana, as, /. (sc. fera or bestia) 
A panther: Liv. — 2. Meton.: a. The 
people of Africa: Sail. — b. Libya; or 
the territory of Carthage : PL — B. 
Africus, i, on. (sc. ventus) : 1 . P r o p. : 
(2Vie African wind; the wind that blows 
from Africa) The south-west wind 
( = Gr. iiif/: now called among the 
Italians Affrico or Oherbino): Sen. — 
Hence, Africus, &,um,adj. Caused by 
Africus. — 2. Meton.: Personified: 
Africus ; the god of the south-west wind. 
II. Meton. : Plur.: The descendants 
of Afer ; the Africans : Cic. ; Virg, — 
Hence, Afer, fra, frum, adj. : A. 
Prop. : Of, or belonging to, the Afri; 
African. — As Subst.: Afer, fri, m. (sc. 
homo) (Prop.: An African; Meton.) 
A Carthaginian ; esp. Hannibal : Hor. 
B. Meton.: Gcetulian: murex, Hor. 

afFa-Mlis (adf-), e, adj. [aff(a> 
or] That can be easily spoken to, easy of 
access, courteous, affable, kind : Cic. : nee 
dictu affabilis ulli, Virg.: (Comp.) 
affabilior, Sen. •([ Hence, Fr. a fable. 

affaMMtas, atis, /. [affabil-is] 
(The quality of the affabilis) Courtesy, 

a ft ability: Cic. ^f Hence, Fr. off®* 
affabr-e (adf-), adv. [affaber, 

affabr-i, skilful^ Skilfully, ingeniously ; 

af-fatim (ad-), (also, written 
separately) adv. [for ad fatim] Suffici- 
ently, enough : seminibus affatim vesci, 
Cic: (with. Gen.) copiarum, Liv. 

1. afla-tus (adfa-), a, um, P. of 

2. affa-tus (adfa-), us, m. [aff(a)- 
or] I. Prop.: A speaking to, accosting, 
or addressing; address: Virg. II. 
Meton.: Epistolary correspondence: 

affecta-tor (adf-), oris, m. [af- 
fect (a) -or] One icho earnestly strives 
for something: In a good or bad 
sense : amoris, Eutr. 

aiFecta-tus (adf-), a, um: 1. 
P. of affect(a)-o.— 2. Pa.: Rhet. 1. 1.: 
Choice, select, studied: (Comp.) aliquid 
affectatius, Quint. 

affec-tio, onis, /. [for arfac-tio ; 
fr. afi?ac, true root of affic-io] I. 
Prop.: (A being affected ; hence) A. 
A disposition, etc., towards an object ; 
relation, reference: Cic. — B. Passion, 
feeling, affection, etc., whether mental 
or bodily : Cic— C.A fixed condition , 
disposition, constitution or frame of 
mind or body : Cic— D. Of the feel- 
ings : Affection, love: Tac II. Fig.: 
Of the heavenly bodies, etc.: Position 
with respect to one another ; consti- 
tution, etc. : astrorum, Cic *§ Hence, 
Fr. affection. 

affect-o (adf-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. I. [2. affect-us] (To have an 
affectus for a thing ; hence) A. To 
endeavour to obtain, strive after, pur- 
sue, aspire to, aim at, etc., whether in 
a good or bad sense: regnum, Liv.: 
sidereas tangere sedes, Ov. — B. In 
Histt.: To seek to draw cr attach to 
one's self : civitates, Tac — C. To as- 
sume falsely ; to feign, pretend, affect, 
etc.: famam dementias, Tac — D. To 
pursue, enter upon any course, etc. : iter, 
Cic: spem, Liv. II. [for affic-to ; as 
freq. of affict-io] To seize, lay hold 
of, etc. : exercitum gravi morbo aff eet- 
ari, Liv. % Hence, Fr. affecter. 

1. affec-tus (adf-), a, um (for 
affac-tus. fr. aff AC, true root of affic- 
io) 1. P. of affic-io. — 2. Pa.: a. En- 
dowed, gifted, provided, etc: virtu ti- 
bus, Cic— b. Affected, attacked, etc.: 
(a) Prop.: graviter affectus, Cic: 
(Sup.) inopia affectissimi, Veil,- -(b) 
Fig.: (a) Disordered, embarrassed, in 
a bad condition : res f amiliaris, Liv.: 
fides, broken credit, Tac — O) In time : 
Almost at the end, near its, etc, end: 
bellum, Cic— c. (a) P r o p. : Disposed, 
constituted, inclined, affected, minded, 
etc: varie affectus Uteris, Cic— (b) 
Fig.: (a) Disposed or adapted: ad 
munus fungendum, Cic — (b\ Placed, 
constituted, etc.: caelum, Cic. 

2. affec-tus (adf-), us, m. [for 
affac-tus ; fr. id.] (A being affected in 
some way ; hence) 1. Of the body : A 
state or condition: Cels.— 2. Of the 
mind :, a.Gen.:i state or disposition , 



a mood : Cic. ; v. — b. E s p. : (a) Prop.: 
'a) Lore, fondness, goodwill, sympathy, 
affection, etc. : Suet. — (0) Desire, eager- 
ness : opes atque inopiam pari affectu 
concupiscunt, Tac. — (y) Passion, agi- 
tation, disturbance, etc., of the mind : 
Sen.— (b) Me ton. : Plur.: Beloved 
objects; dear or loved ones: tenuit 
nostros Lesbos affectus. Luc. 

af-fero (adf-), atttili (adt-), alia- 
tum (adl-), afferre (adf-), 3. v. a. [for 
ad-fero] I. P r o p. : A. G e n. : To bring, 
take, carry, convey a thing to or up 
to a place, etc. : to bring, etc., up things : 
cquitibus Romanis afferuntur ex Asia 
literal, Cic: hue scyphos, Hor. — 
Particular phrases: 1. Afferre 
mantis (To bring hands to one; i.e.): 
a. In a good sense : To stand by, aid, 
assist, succour : Cic. — b. In a bad 
sense : To lay hands on, attack, employ 
force against, assail : Cic. — 2. Afferre 
Fibi, etc., mantis, To lay violent hands 
on one's self, to commit suicide : Cic. — 
3. Afferre mantis (alicui rei), To lay 
hands on ; i. e. to rob, plunder, pillage, 
etc»; Cic. — 4. Afferre mantis vulner- 
ibus, To lay hands on one's wounds, i. e. 
to tear them open: Cic. — 5. Afferre 
pedem, To bring one's foot, i. e. to 
come: Cat. B. Esp.: 1. Passive in 
reflexive force : To betake one's self, to 
go or come, to a place, etc.: (with Ace. 
of place) urbem Afferimur, Virg. — 2. 
Of the soil, etc.: To bear, bring forth, 
produce, yield, to one : Cic. II. Fig.: 
A. G-en.: To bring, carry, convey, 
etc., to one, etc.: nihil ostentationis 
aut imitationis, Cic. — Particular 
phrase: Afferre vim alicui, To em- 
ploy force against one : Cic. B. Esp.: 
1. To bring, bear, or carry tidings 
about; to bring word or news; to report, 
announce, publish, etc.: si ei subito 
sit allatum periculum patria?, Cic: 
(with Objective clause) attulerunt qui- 
eta omnia apud G alios esse, Li v. — 2. 
To produce, cause, occasion, impart, 
«tc: qui risus magnam populo Rom- 
ano cladem attulit, Cic. — 3. To bring 
forward, allege, produce, assign, ad- 
vance, etc, a reason, etc.: justascausas, 
Cic: (with cur) cur credam afferre 
possum. — 4. Afferre aliquid, To bring 
something to, i. e. to contribute to a defin- 
ite object; to help, assist, etc.: negat 
Epicurus diuturnitatem temporis ad 
beate vivendum aliquid afferre, Cic. 

af-flcio (ad-), eci, ectum, IcSre, 
3. v. a. [for ad-facio] I. {To do some 
thing to a person or thing ; hence) A. 
To treat or use in any way : corpus, 
Cic: civitatem, id. — Particular 
phrase: Afficere aliquem or aliquid 
aliqua re, To affect a person or thing 
with something (commonly translated 
by a verb or verbal expression akin to 
the Latin Abl.): aliquem bonis nun- 
tiis, to announce good news to, Plaut. : 
aliquem honoribus, to honour, Cic: — 
Pass, constr.: magnadifficultateafficie- 
batur, was brought into great difficulty, 
Ca3s. — B. Physically: To affect, to 
seize, attack, lay hold, of: ut fames, 
siti8que corpora afficerent, Liv.— O. 
Mentally : To affect in any way : 

! literas tuaa sic me affeeerant, ut, etc., 

| Cic II. (To make one thing to be 

on, or joined on to, another ; hence) 

To attach to, to connect with : qua? (sc. 

res) affecta? sunt ad id, etc., Cic 

affic-tio (ad-), orris,/, [for affig- 
tio ; fr. affig-o] An affixing, fastening 
on: Phasd. 

affic-tus (for affig-tus), a, urn, P. 
of affig-o. 

af-figo (ad-), ixi, ixum, Jgere, 3. 
v. a. [for ad-figo] I. Prop.: To attach, 
fasten, fix on, annex: Minerva? talaria, 
Cic. II. Fig.: To attach, impress 
■in or on: aliquid animo, Quint. «jf 
Hence, Fr. afficher, 

af-fingo (ad-), inxi, ictum, ing- 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-flngo] (To form 
or fashion a thing, and put it to or on 
to another ; hence) I. Prop.: To 
attach, affix, add on, etc.: nullam 
partem corporis afnetam sine aliqua 
necessitate reperietis, Cic. II. Fig.: 
A. To attach, annex : f aciam ut intel- 
ligatis, quid error affinxerit, etc., Cic 
— B. To impute, assign: crimen, Tac. 

af-finis (ad-), e, adj. (Abl. regul- 
arly affini ; once afline, Ter.) [for ad- 
finis] I, Prop. : Bordering upon, 
adjacent to: gens affinis Mauris, Liv. 
II. Fig.: A. Allied, kindred: affinia 
vincla, Ov. — As Stibst.: affinis, is, 
comm. gen.: A connection or relation 
by marriage: Cic; Tac — B. Taking 
part in; connected with; sharing, access- 
ory to, etc.: (with Dat. or Gen.) 
turpitudini, Cic: rerum, Ter. 

affin-itas (adf-), atis,/. [affin-is] 
(The state or condition of an affinis ; 
hence) I. Prop. : Relationship by 
marriage: Cic. II. Fig.: Relation- 
ship, affinity, conformity, resemblance : 
Quint. III. M e t o n. : Relatives, kins- 
men : Plaut. Tf Hence, Fr. affiniti. 

affirmat-e (adf-), adv. [affirmat- 
us] With asseveration, with assurance, 
certainly, assuredly, positively : affirm- 
ate promittere, Cic: (Sup.) affirm- 
atissime, Gell. 

aflirma-tlo (adf-), onis,/. [af- 
firm (a) -o] An affirmation, asseveration, 
averment: Cic. % Hence, Fr. affirm- 

af-firmo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[for ad-firmo] (Prop.: To make strong; 
Fig.): A. To strengthen, establish, con- 
firm a thing : alicui spem, Liv. — B. 
To give assurance of truth or certainty ; 
to confirm, corroborate : hasc adfirmav- 
erunt auctoritate sua, Liv. — C. To 
affirm, assert, maintain, asseverate : 
nihil ut affirmem, Cic : (with Objective 
clause) affirmo mihi offensioni esse 
possessiunculas, id.: (Jmpers. Pass.) 
affirmatur, Tac. f Hence, Fr. affirmer. 

affixus (for affig-sus), a, ran, 1. 
P. of affig-o.— 2. Pa. : a. P r o p. : Fast- 
ened to a person or thing; closely 
joined or fitted to; always remaining in 
some place : Ithaca in saxulis affixa, 
Cic— b. Fig. : (a) Of the mind: (a) 
Impressed: causa in animo affixa, Cic. 
— (/3) Bent upon something : Sen.— (v) 
Intent upon : navita ccelo, Sil. — (b) Of 
other things : Joined or united to: 
affixa ad rem, Cic. 

I affla-ttis (adf-), us, m. [affi(a)-o] 
, I. Prop.: A blowing ox breathing upon 
something: PI. II. Me ton.: Abreath, 
i blast, etc. : vaporis, Liv. III. Fig.: 
Inspiration : divinus, Cic 
| af-fleo (ad-), no perf. nor sup., 
: ere, 2. v. n. [for ad-fleo] To weep at: 

afHicta-tlo (adf-), onis,/. [affiict- 
(a)-o] Physical pain, torture, torment: 

afflic-to (adf-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. in tens, [for afflig-to ; fr. afliig-o] 
I. To greatly damage, injure, shatter, 
etc.: naves tempestas affiictabat, Coes. 
II.: A. Gen.: 2 r o greatly trouble, vex, 
harass, annoy, injure, afflict, etc: ne 
legio afflictaret Batavos, Tnc. B. 
Esp.: Pass, in reflexive force: To 
grieve, vex, trouble, or disquiet one's 
self ; to feel great trouble, etc.: de qui- 
bus afflictor, Cic. 

affiic-tor (adf-), Oris, m. [for 
afflig-tor; fr. affiig-o] A subverter: Cic. 
afflic-tus (adf-), a, urn [for af- 
flig-tus] : 1. P. of affiig-o.— 2. Pa.'. 
(Cast down ; hence) a. Miserable, un- 
fortunate, overthrown, wretched, dis- 
tressed, etc. : ( Comp. ) afflictior conditio, 
Cic — Particular phrase: Res 
affiictaa, Disordered, embarrassed, or 
ruined circumstances ; affairs in a bad 
state: Sail. — b. Dejected, discouraged, 
desponding: vita, Virg. — c. Abandon- 
ed, base, mean, loio, vile: homo, Cic 

af-fllgo (ad-), ixi, ictum, Igere, 
3. v.a. [for ad-fligo] I.: A. Prop.: To 
das/i or strike to the ground ; to dash, 
strike, or throw down; to overthrow; 
statuam, Cic : imaginem solo, Tac. 

B. Me ton. : To damage, injure, shat- 
ter, etc. : tempestas naves afflixit, Cass. 

C. Fig.: 1. To ruin, weaken, damage, 
injure, harass, cast down, overthrow, 
afflict, etc.: virtus nostra nos afflixit, 
Cic. — 2. To reduce, lower, or lessen in 
value: xem vituperando, Cic. — 3. To 
cast down, dishearten, impair: animos 
metu, Cic— 4. Of a lawsuit : To give 
v.p, abandon : Cic. II.: A. To strike or 
dash one thing against another : nav- 
em ad scopulos, Cic. : (with Dat.) saxo 
caput, Tac — B. To strike or dash 
against: aquilacorvos afflixit, swoop- 
erf upon, Suet, f Hence, Fr. affliger. 

af-flo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. and n. [for ad-flo] I. : A. : 1. 
Prop.: To blow or breathe on or upon: 
a. Act. : nos ubi primus equis Oriens 
afflavit anhelis, Virg,— b. Neut. : illis 
Canidia, Hor. — 2. Fig.: a. To be 
friendly, favourable, or propitious: 
felix, cui placidus leniter afflat amor, 
Tib. — b. To inspire, etc. : affiata est 
numine del, Virg. — B.: 1. Gen.*. To 
breathe something forth on or upon : 
membris vaporem, Lucr. — 2. Esp.: 
Of a deity : To breathe something on 
one; i.e. to bestow on one, impart to 
one, etc., by breathing: oculis afflarat 
(sc. Venus) honores, Virg. II. To 
breathe something to or towards one ; 
to waft towards (only Fig.) : auram 
voluptatis, Cic. 

afflii-ens (adf-), entis: 1. P. of 
afflu-o,— 2. Pa. : a. Abounding. abimd- 



ant, copious, rich, numerous, etc. : 
copies, Cic : (Comp.) affinentiores 
aquae, Vitr.— P articular phrase: 
Ex aflluenti, In abundance, profusely, 
Tac. — b. Abounding or rich in : lepore 
at venustate, Cic. — c. Flowing by or 
along: (a) Pr op. : ad ripam, Tac. — 
fb) Pig.: Of time: anni, Hor. f 
Hence, Pr. affluent. 

affliien-ter (adf°), adv. [for af- 
fluent-ter; fr. affluens, affluent-is] In 
abundance, richly, copiously, etc. : af- 
fluenter, App. : {Comp,) affluentius, 

affiiient-ia (adf-), re,/, [fr. id.] 1. 
(A flowing or coming to any point; 
hence) A collecting, collection :' PI. — 2. : 
a. Richness, exuberance: in genii, Quint. 
— b. : (a) Prop. : Abundance, 'profu- 
sion: annonce, PI. — (b) Me ton.: 
Pomp, magnificence, splendour, etc. : 
Nep. Tf Hence, Pr. affluence. 

af-iiiio (ad-), xi/xum, ere, S.v.n. 
[forad-fluo] I.: A. Prop.: To flow 
to or towards : bis affluunt, bisque re- 
meant (sc. aestus), PI. B. Met on. : 
To stream or pour towards like fluids : 
quum infinita imaginum species ad 
deos affluat, Cic. II. : A.: 1. With 
abstract subjects : To flow, come, or 
stream to or up to : voluptas ad sensus, 
Cic: incautis amor, Ov.— 2. With 
persons as subjects : To throng or flock 
up to: affluentibus auxiliis Gf-allorum, 
Tac. — 3. To flow or stream to one; to 
abound: otium atque divitiaa, Sail. — 
B«: 1. To flow ox rise upwards: cibo 
affluente, i.e. rising in the throat, Suet. 
— 2. (Prop. : To rise to a great height; 
Fig.) To abound: voluptatibus, Cic. 
5f Hence, Pr. affluer. 

af-for (ad-), atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [for ad-for] (prps. found only as 
follows: Ind. Pres.: affatur, affamur, 
aft'amini, affantur : Imperf. affabar : 
Perf. affata est : Imperat. affare : Subj. 
Pluperf. affatus esset: Inf. affari: 
Part. Perf. affatus, etc.) I. G-en. : To 
speak or say to; to address or accost: 
hos, Yirg. II. Esp. : A. To address 
a deity in prayer, etc. ; to implore, be- 
seech: precando Vestam, Ov. — B. To 
address the dead ; to take a last adieu, 
to bid a last farewell (by saying vale 
three times) : positum corpus, Virg. 

affore (adf-), etc., v. assum. 

af-formido (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup., are, 1. v. n. [for ad-formido] To 
fear or dread: Plaut. 

af-frango (ad-, -fringe), egi, 
actum, angere (ingSre), 3. v. a. : I. 
[for ad-frango] To break agaimt : Stat. 
H. [for ab-frango] (Prop.: To break 
of or aiva' ; Fig.) To tear away: Stat. 
* af-fremo (ad-), no perf. nor sup., 
£re, 3. v. n. [for ad-fremo] To roar 
wt: Sil.; Val. El. 

af-frico (ad°), ui, turn and &tum, 
are, l.v.a. [for ad-frico] I. P r o p. : 
To rub on or against: PI. II. Fig. : 
To communicate, impart, etc. : Sen. 

fiffric-tio (adf-),onis,/. [affric-o] 
A rubbing against: Phasd. 

affrie-tus (adf-), us, m. [id.] A 
fubbing against: PI. 

ajgfringo, ere, v affrango. 

af-fulgSo (ad-), fulsi, no sup., 
fulgere, 2. v. n. [for ad-fulgeo] I. 
Prop.: To shine on an object ; to beam, 
be radiant, glitter : instar veris vultus 
tuus aff ulsi't, Hor. II. P i g. : To shine, 
dawn, appear : spes, Liv. 

af-f undo (ad-) , f udi, f usum, f und- 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-fundo] I. Prop.: 
To pour upon ; to sprinkle on : Mosaa 
fluniinis os amnem Rhenum Oceano 
affundit, Tac. II. Met on. : A. To 
add, etc. : equitum tria millia corni- 
bus, Tac. — B. Pass, in reflexive force: 
Tc cast or throw one's self down, to 
prostrate one's self, etc. : amplectique 
pedes, affusaque poscere vitam, Ov. 

aforeni, abforem, v. absum. 

Afranius, ii, m.,f. Afranius; a 
Roman name: 1. L. Afranius; a Rom- 
an comic poet. — Hence, Afranius, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Afranius. 
— 2. A general of Pompey in Spain. — 
Hence, Afrani anus, a, um, adj. Of 
Afranius. — 3. L. Afranius; a son of 
the foregoing. — 4. T. Afranius ; a 
leader against the Romans in the Marsic 

Afri, Africa, v. I. Afer. 

afui, afore, etc., v. absum. 

Xgamedes, as, m.,' Ay a fxr/8r)$ (He 
who plans very skilfully). Agamedes ; 
a brother of Trophonius, with whom he 
built the temple of Apollo at Delphi. 

Agamemnon, 5nis, m. (Mm. Aga- 
memno,Stat.), 'Ayajue/xj/toi/ (One great- 
ly or firmly remaining ; i. e. One very 
steadfast or resolute). Agamemnon ; a 
king of Mycence, and commander-in- 
chief of the Greek forces before Troy. — 
Hence, 1. Xgamemnon-Ides, as, 
m., 'AYa/xeju.ron'S7)?. A descendant of 
Agamemnon ; his son Orestes. — 2. A\ga- 
memnon-Ius , a , um , adj. , *Ay aju e/x- 
vovios. Of, or belonging to, Agamem- 
non : phalanges, i. e. the Greek troops 
before Troy: Virg. 

Xganippe, 6s, /., 'AyavCmni. Aga- 
nippe; a fountain in Bosolia, at the foot 
of Helicon, sacred to t/ie Muses. — Hence, 
1. XgS.nipp-eus, a, um, adj. Of 
Aganippe,— 2. Xganipp-is, Mis, /. 
adj. Of Agan ippe. 

agaso, onis, m. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: A stable boy; a hostler, groom: 
Liv. II. Meton.: A servant, menial: 

Xgathyrsi, drum, m., 'Ayd0vp<roi. 
The Agathyrsi ; a Scythian people, who 
painted the face and limbs. 

Xgave (-aue), es, /., 'Ayavrj 
(High-burn, or illustrious one). Agave 
or Agaue ; wife of Echion king of Thebes, 
who tore in pieces her son Pentheus* be- 
cause he contemned the orgies of Bacchus. 

age and ageduni, v. ago. 

agellii-lus, i, m. [for agello-lus; 
fr. agellus (uncontr. Gen.), agello-i] 
A very small field : Cat. 

agel-lus, i, dim. m. [for ag(e)r-lus ; 
fr. ager, agr-i] A small field: Cic. 

agema, atis, n.—ayn^o.. In the 
Macedonian army, A body of troops 
{usually horse soldiers) : Liv. 

Xgendlcum, i } n. Agendkum : a 

toicn of Gallia Lugdunensis (now Seni 
in Champagne; ace. to others, Pro- 

Xgenor, 5ris, m. y 'Ayrjvwp (Man- 
ly or haughty one). A gen or; king of 
Phoenicia, father of Cadmus and Eu- 
ropa, and ancestor of Dido : Atrenoris 
urbs, i. e. Carthage, Yirg. : Agenore 
natus, i.e. Cadmus, Ov. — Hence, 1. 
Agenor-Ides, se,m. A descendant of 
Agenor : a. Cadmus.' — b. Perseus.— 2. 
Agen6r-eus,a,um,ac(/'.: a. Prop.: 
Of, or belonging to, Agenor : bos, Ju- 
piter, icho in the form of a bull carried 
off Europa, daughter of Agenor, Ov. — 
b. Meton.: Carthaginian: Sil. 

*g-ens, entis : 1. P. of ag-o.— 2. 
Pa. : Efficient, effective, powerful : ut- 
endum est imaginibus agentibus, acri- 
bus, Cic. *|[ Hence, Fr. agent. 

ager, gri, m. c.Gr. <ryp°s3 I. P r o p.: 
Improved or productive land ; a field 
{pasture, arable, nursery ground, etc.): 
fertilis, Cic: in a-grum, into the field, 
i. e. in depth {opp. in fronte, in the 
front or in frontage), Hor. II. Met- 
on.: A. Territory, district: his ci vitas 
data, agerque, Liv. — B. Plur. : 1 . The 
open country, fields: annus pestilena 
urbi agrisque, Liv. — 2. Plain, valley: 
montes agrosque salutat, Ov. 

Xgesflaus, i, m., 'Ayrjo-CKaos 
(Leader or driver of the people). Ag- 
esilaus; a Spartan king, who defeated 
the Persian satrap Tissaphernes, and 
the Athenians and Boeotians, at Coronea. 

agesis, i. e. age sis, v. ago. 

ag-gemo (ad-), no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. n. [for ad-gemo] To groan 
or sigh at a thing : Ov. 

agger, eris, m. [2. agger-o] {That 
which is brought to a place ; hence) I. 
Prop.: Materials for forming an elev- 
ation or filling up a hollow place, 
e.g. stone, earth, sand, wood: aggere 
paludem explore, Cass. II. Meton.: 
A. A pile or heap: armorum, Tac.: 
aggeres Alpini, i. e. the Alpine mount- 
ains, Virg. — B. Milit. t. t. : 1. A 
mound {erected before the ivalls of a 
besieged city, for the purpose of sustain- 
ing the battering engines, and which was 
gradually advanced nearer and nearer 
to the town) : Cass. — 2. A mound (raised 
for the protection of a camp in front of 
the entrenchment (fossa) , and from earth 
dug from it): Virg.~3. The tribune (in 
a camp, formed of turf, from which the 
general addressed his soldiers) : Luc— 
C. Of a road : An embankment or 
causeicay formed of materials thrown 
up : viae, i. e. a military or public road, 
Virg. III. Fig.: Wall, mound: agger 
oppugnandaa Italias Grascia, Cic. 

1. agger-o, avi, atum, are, l.v.a. 
[agger] (To form an agger; hence) I. 
Prop.: To heap or pile up : cadavera, 
Virg. II. Pig.: To heap up : iras, 
Virg. III. Meton.: To fill, or fill 
up by accumulating: spatium, Curt. 

2. ag>gero (ad-), essi, estum, 
grSre, 3. v. a. [forad-gero] I. Prop.: 
To bear or carry to or towards a place, 
etc. ; to bring to : aggeritur tumulo 
tellus,Virg, II. Fig.: To bring /or- 



icard, advance, lay to one's charge : 
falsa, Tac. 

1. agges-tus, a, um (foragger-tus) 
P. of agger-o. 

2. agges-tus (adg-), us, m, [for 
agger-tus ; fr. agger-o] A carrying to 
a place ; a collecting, accumulation, 
collection: Tac. 

ag-glomero (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, I. v. a. [forad-glomero] {To wind 
to or on to ; hence) I. To heap up, etc. : 
fretum, Val. Fl. II. With Personal 
pron. or alone : A. To join, attach one's 
self: lateri agglomerant nostro, Virg. 
— - B. To collect in a body, etc.; crowd 
together: cuneis se coactis, Virg. *f 
Hence, Fr. agglome'rer. 

ag-glutino (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. a. [for ad-glutino] (To glue 
on to; hence) I, Prop.: A. To fasten 
to, attach to, etc.: Gels. — B. To solder 
on, etc. : PI. II. F i g. : To add, annex, 
etc.: illud (sc. procemium) desecabis, 
hoc agglutinabis, Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

ag-graveseo (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup,, eve, 3. v. n. inch, [for ad-gravesco] 
(Prop.: To become heavy; Fig.) Of 
sickness : To become violent, severe, 
dangerous: Ter. 

ag-grav-o (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a, [for ad-grav-o ; fr. ad ; grav-is] 
I.: A. Prop.: To add to or increase 
the weight; to make heavier: pondus, 
PL B. Fig.: To aggravate, increase 
the violence of, render more severe, etc.: 
si aggravate res essent, Liv. II . (only 
Fig.): A. To bear heavily or hard 
upon: reum, Quint. — B. To annoy, 
incommode, etc. : odor aggravans caput, 
PL: (without Object) quod aggravaret, 
Liv. % Hence, Fr. aggraver. 

ag-grSd-Io, no perf. ,gressum, gred- 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-grad-io ; fr. ad ; 
grad -us] To go to or approach : hoc si 
aggredias, Plant. 

ag-gredior (ad-), gressus sum, 
gredi ('2 Pers. Prces. aggredire, Plaut. : 
Inf. aggrediri, id., and aggredlrier, id. 
[for ad-gradior ] I. P r o p. : A. G- e n. : 
To go to or approach : ad hunc, 
Plaut.: quo aggredi cupiet, Cic. — 
Particular phrase: Aggredi ali- 
quem, To go to, approach, one to 
entreat, ask counsel, solicit something, 
etc.: Sail.; Cic; Tac. B. Esp.: To 
go towards or against; to fall upon, 
attack, assault, etc.: quis audeat in 
miiitari via bene cornitatum aggredi V 
Cic. II. Fig.: A. To go to or set 
about an act or employment ; to under- 
take or begin : aucipitem causam, Cic. 
— B. To approach: crudelitatem Prin- 
cipis adgreditur, i. e. stirs up, excites, 
Tac. — C. To make an attack or onset 
upon ; to assail : animos largitionc, 
Tac. Tl' Hence, Fr. (old) aggrMir. 

ag-greg-o (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-greg-o ; fr. ad; grex, 
greg-is] I. (Prop.: To lead to a flock ; 
Fig.) To attach to, connect with, etc.: 
te in nostrum numerum, Cic: se ad 
eorum amicitiam, Caas. II. (To bring 
together as a flock ; hence) To collect or 
"ather into a body, etc. : naufragos, Cic. 
ggres-slo (adg-), 5nis, /. [for 

aggred-sio ; fr. aggred-ior] (Prop.: A 
going to or approaching ; Fig.) Rhetor. 
1. 1.: The exordium or introduction to a 
speech: Cic. 

aggres-sus (adg-) (for aggred- 
sus), a, um, P. of aggred-ior. 

ag-guberno (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, \.v. a. [for ad-guberno] To guide, 
direct, govern, manage, rule : I. P r o p. : 
iter pedibus, Flor. II. Fig.: aggu- 
bemante fortuna, Flor. 

ag-Ilis, e, adj. [ag-o] I. Pass.: 
Easily moved, easy to be moved: classis, 
Liv. : (Comp.) aer agilior, Sen. II. 
Act.: A. Prop.: 1. That moves easily 
or quickly ; agile, nimble, quick, rapid: 
dea, Ov. — 2, Quick in action ; prompt, 
active, busy: vir, Veil. B. Fig.: 1. 
Of things : Quick, sudden, rap id: argu- 
mentatio, Quint. — 2. Of the mind : 
Active, prompt, ready: animus, Sen. 
% Hence, Fr. agile. 

agll-Itas, atis, /. [agil-is] (The 
condition of the agilis ; hence) Nim- 
lleness, activity, quickness: I. Prop.: 
navium, Liv. II. Fig.: naturae, Cic. 
«J Hence, Fr. agilite". 

Agis, idis, m. (Ace. Agin, Cic.) 
'A-yt? (Leader). Agis: 1. The name of 
several kings of Sparta : a. Agis IV. 
put to death by his subjects. — b. Brother 
of Agesilaus and son of Archidamus. — 
2o A Lycian warrior. 

aglta-bilis,e,ad/. [agit(a)-o] That 
can be easily moved : Ov. 

aglta-tlo, onis, /. [id.] 1.: a. 
Prop. : A moving; movement, motion, 
agitation: fluctuum, Cic— b. Fig.: 
Activity, emotion of the mind : Cic. — 
2. Pursuit, prosecution, etc.: studior- 
um, Cic. «ft Hence, Fr. agitation. 

agita-tor, oris, m. [id.] 1. A 
driver of cattle: aselli, Virg. : equo- 
rum, i. e. a charioteer, id. — 2. A char- 
ioteer, a competitor in the games of the 
Circus : Cic. *|[ Hence, Fr. agitateur. 
aglta-tus, a, um: 1./'. of agit(a)-o. 
2. Pa. : Quick, rapid, animated: (Comp.) 
actio agitatior, Quint. 

ag-ito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. in- 
tens. [ag-o] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: (To 
put in constant or violent motion ; hence) 
1. Of cattle, etc., as object: To drive 
about, drive: greges, i. e. to tend, Virg. : 
in curru leones, Lucr.— 2. To shake, 
toss, agitate, drive, force, move violently, 
etc. : hastam, Ov. : agitari inter se 
concursu, Cic. — B. Esp.: Of animals 
as objects: To hunt, chase, pursue: 
feras, Cic: columbas, Ov. II. Fig.: 
A.: 1. G-en.: To rouse up or excite; 
to put in a certain state of mind; to 
move, urge, drive, impel : plebem, Liv. : 
in furias agitantur equas, Ov. — 2. 
Esp.: a. To disquiet, vex, trouble, 
torment, torture: videtisne nteos agit- 
ent furias, Cic — b. To attack or assail 
one with reproach, derision, insult ; to 
scoff at, deride, mock: rem militarem, 
Cic. B.: 1. To occupy one's self with, 
be engaged in; to have, hold, keep, 
celebrate, etc.: natalem, Plaut.: con- 
vivium, Ter.: legem, Cic. — 2. Of 
time, life-time, etc. : a. To pass, spend, 
etc. : aevum, Virg. — b. Without im- 
mediate object (esp. in Sail., Tac. and 

Ter.): To live, abide, sojourn, be: hi 
propins mare Africum agitabant,SalI. 
— 3. To pursue, turn over, revolve, 
weigh, or consider a thing; and with 
the idea of action to be performed, or 
a conclusion to be made, to deliberate 
upon, to devise or plot; to be occupied 
with, to design, intend a thing,, etc.: 
fugam, Virg.: aliquid in mente, Cic: 
aliquid jamdudum invadere magnum 
Mens agitat mihi, Virg. — C. To treat, 
talk, or speak of or concerning a thing, 
to confer about, or deliberate upon: 
quum de fcedere victor agitaret, Liv. 
%W Sat agitare, c. Gen. in Plant. = 
satagere : To have enough to do with, 
to have trouble with: rerum, Plaut. 
<|[ Hence, Fr. agiter. 

Aglaia, a?, or es, /., 'kyXaia 
(Brightness, splendour). Aglaia; one 
of the Graces. 

aglaspldes, Mum, m. [ayAao?. 
glittering; ao-wis, shield] Soldiers 
with bright shields : Liv. 

Aglauros, i, /., 'AyXavpos (Bril- 
liant or bright one). Aglaurus ; a 
daughtei' of Cecrops, and sister of I/erse 
and Pandrosos, changed by Mercury 
into a stone. 

ag-men, mis, n. [ag-o] (That 
which is set in motion ; hence) I.: A.: 
1. Prop.: a. Of rivers: A course or 
stream : Virg. — b. Of rain : A stream, 
fall : Virg. — c. A line or train of any 
thing: Ov. — d. A movement, etc: 
agmine remorum celeri, i. e. with rapid 
strode, Virg. — 2. Me ton.: A path, 
course, etc. agmina fati, Gell. — B. Of 
an army : The passage , progress, march: 
Sail. II. : : A. : 1 . P r o p. : A multitude, 
troop, crowd, number, band: Of per- 
sons, animals, or things : ingens muli- 
erum agmen, Liv. : turba agminis 
aligeri, Virg. : denso sunt agmino 
nubes, in a dense or compact massi, 
Lucr. — 2. Fig.: A croicd, multitude^ 
etc.: occupationum, PL — B. Milit. 
1. 1.: 1. Prop.: An army (on march)', 
a column: agmen justum, in close 
ranks, Tac: agmen quadratum, i.e. a 
square, with the baggage in the middle, 
so as to be ready for the enemy, Sail. : 
hence, agmen quadratum sometimes 
= acies, an army formed in line of 
battle, Hirt.: primum, the vanguard^ 
Liv. : medium, the centre, id.: extre- 
mum or novissimum, the rear-guard, 
id. — 2 . M e t o n . : a . A rmy , host, troops : 
occidit Daci Cotisonis agmen, Hor. — 
b. Military service, waif are: rudis 
agminum Sponsus, Hor. 

agn-a, se,/. [agn-us] A ewe lamb: 

a-gnascor (ad-), gnatus sum, 
gnasci, 3. v. dep. [for ad-gnascor 
(=nascor)3 I. To be born in addition: 
Of children born after the father has 
made his will : constat, agnascendo 
rum pi testimonium, Cic. II. : A. 
Prop. : To grow in addition to the 
proper number, etc.: membra adgnata, 
i.e. supernumerary, PI. B. Me ton.; 
In time : To grow or rise afterwards ; 
pili adgnati, PL III. To grow on or 
upon : agnatis multis cubitalibus (se< 
foliis), PL 




agnatic, 5nfe,/. [agnat-us] TJie 
condition of tlie agnatus, consanguinity 
on the father's side : Cic f Hence, Fr. 

1. agna-tus (adg-), a, um, P. of 

2. a-gna-tus Cad-), i, m. [for 
Ad-gna-tus ; f r. ad ; gna-scor] (One 
bmm io a person ; i. e.) A kinsman by 
birth ; by usage, only of relatives on the 
father's side : Cic. J Hence, Fr. agnat. 

3. a-gna-tus, i, m. [id.] A child 
born beyond the number intended to be 
reared by its parents: Tac. 

agn-ellus, i, dim. m. [agn-us] A 
Utile lamb, lambkin: Plant. 

agn=£iras, a, um, adj. [id.] Of, or 
belonging to, a lamb: exta, Plaut. — As 
Subst.: agnina, ae, /. (sc. caro) The 
flesJi of a lamb, lamb: Hor. 

agnatic», onis, /. [for agno-tio ; 
fr. agno-sco] 1. A knowing, know- 
ledge: animi, Cic. — 2. A recognising, 
recognition: cadaveris, PI. 

agnl»tus (adg-) (foragno-tus),a, 
\un, P. of agno-sco. 

a-gnomen (adn-), mis, n. [for 
Ad-gnomen ; fr. ad ; gnomen— nomen] 
(An additional nomen; hence) An 
agnomen or second cognomen: Capitol. 

Agnonides, aa, m., 'Ay ui»v c'Stj? 
(Son or descendant of Agnon), Ag- 
tonides; an AUienian demagogue. 

a-gnoseo (ad-, ad-n.), gnovi, 
gnltum, gnoscere, 3. v. a. [for ad-gnosco 
Ignosco = nosco)] I. Prop.: {To 
know a person or thing, in relation to 
one's self ; hence) To recognize or di- 
stinguish as one's own: idem aspexit 
agnovitque in alio, Cic. II. M e t o n. : 
A. To acknowledge as one's own: 
iiuantum ego nee agnosco (admit as 
due to me) nee postulo, Cic. — B. To 
recognize an object already known : 
treterem amicum,Virg.— C. To confirm 
the truth of a thing, to acknowledge as 
true or right; to concede, grant, admit, 
assent to, approve: facti gloriam, Cic. 
— D. : 1. To knoto, recognize, perceive 
by, from, or through something : deum 
agnoscis ex operibus ejus, Cic — 2. To 
become acquainted with, to know; also, 
to perceive, apprehend, understand, dis- 
cern, remark, see: ut quivis ea possit 
agnoscere, Cic. 

ag-nus, i, m. (orig. comm.) [akin 
to aju.-7'os] A lamb : Hor. — In collect, 
force : villa abundat agno, Cic. — 
Pro v.: Agnum lupo eripere velle, To 
try to rescue a lamb from a icolf, i. e. 
io attempt an impossibility, Plaut. % 
Hence, Fr. agneau. 

ag«o, egi, actum, agere, 3. v. a. 
[akin to Gr. ay-ca] I. P r o p. : A. G e n. : 
(To put in motion, to move; hence) 1. 
Of cattle and other animals : To lead, 
•drive: olitoris aget mercede caballum, 
Hor.: capellas potum, Yirg. — 2= Of 
men : To l&ad, drive, conduct, impel : 
multis millibus armatorum actis ex 
ea regione, Liv. B. Esp. : 1.: a. 
With Personal pron., or simply agere, 
To put one's self in motion ; to come, go, 
etc. : iEneas se matutinus agebat, 
Virg, : unde agis ? Plaut. — Imperat. as ! 
adv.: age, agite, also with particles 

(hence, sts. agedum and agesis as 
one word), an exclamation, a call to 
others : (a) In encouragement, ex- 
hortation : Up! on! come! come on! 
quick! en age, rumpe moras, Virg.: 
agite dmn, Liv. — Also age with a verb 
in the plur.: mittite agedum, legates, 
Liv. — (b) In transitions : Well then ! 
icell! age porro, tu, cur, etc.? Cic. — 
And age with a verb in the plur. : age 
vero, ceteris in rebus qualis sit tem- 
perantia considerate, Cic. — (c) As a 
sign of assent : Well ! very well ! good ! 
right! age sane, Cic. — b. In Livy: 
Pass, in reflexive force : To go, to 
march: quo multitudo agebatur. — 2. 
Of living objects : a. To take and 
drive or carry off (animals or men); 
to steal, rob, or plunder : redigunt 
actos in sua rura boves, Ov.: agros 
vastare, praadas agere, Sail. — Part- 
icular phrase: Ferre et agere (G r. 
ayetu Kai <f>epeiv), To carry and drive 
off; i. e. To rob, plunder, Liv.— b. Of 
animals or men, as objects : To cJmse, 
pursue, drive about or onwards in 
flight, etc.: apros, Virg.: aliquem in 
exsilium, Liv. — c. Of hounds : To cheer 
or urge on: Ov. — 3. Of inanimate 
objects : a. To move, impel, or push 
forward: vineas turresque egit, Cfes.: 
in litus passim naves egerunt, drove 
the ships ashore, Liv. — Particular 
phrases: (a) Agere navem , To steer 
or direct a ship, Hor. — (b) Agere 
currus, To drive a chariot, Ov. — b. To 
throw out, etc. : se lastus ad auras 
Palmes agit, i. e. shoots forth, etc., 
Virg. — Particular phrase: An- 
imam agere, To expel the breath of 
life, to breathe one's last, give up the 
ghost, expire: Cic. — c. To drive, shoot, 
or strike downwards, etc.: per glebas 
sensim radicibus actis, Ov.: tabernas 
rimas agunt, i. e. crack or split, Cic. 
II. F i g. : A. To lead : animum auditor- 
is agunto (sc. poemata), Hor. — B.: 
1. Of persons: To move, impel, excite, 
urge, prompt, induce, stir up, rouse 
vehemently, drive: matres Idem omnes 
simul ardor agit nova quasrere tecta, 
Virg. — 2. Of things : To put in motion, 
excite, stir up: bonitas, quas nullis 
casibus neque agitur neque minuitur, 
Nop. — C. To pursue with hostile intent; 
to persecute, disturb or vex, attack or 
assail: quem deus ultor agebat, Ov. — 
D.: 1. Of actions in gen.: To do, act, 
perform, effect, transact, accomplish, 
etc.: nunquam se plus agere, quam 
nihil quum ageret, Cic: (without 
Object) aliud agendi tempus, aliud qui- 
escendi,id. — Particular phrases: 
a. Quid agitur ? how do you do ? how 
are you ? Plaut.; Ter. — b. Quid agis? 
what are you doing ? also, how goes it 
with you? how are you? Plaut.; Cic; 
Hor. — c. Nihil or non moltum agere, 
To effect or acco?nplish nothing or not 
much: Plaut.; Cic. — Pro v.: Actum 
or acta agere, To do what has been 
already done, i. e. to act to no purpose, 
Ter. — 2. Of war: To conduct, manage, 
carry on, administer, wage: longc alia 
ratione bellum agere, Cass. — 3. Of 
offices, employments, etc.'. To admin- 

ister, exercise, conduct : praefecturajf, 
prsetorii, Suet.— 4. Of civil and polh> 
ical transactions in the senate, the 
forum, etc.: To manage or transact; 
to do ; to discuss, treat, speak, deliberate: 
record ere velim, quae ego de te in 
senatu egerim, Cic: (without Object) 
quum agere coepisset, id.— P articul- 
ar phrases: Of magistrates : Agere 
cum populo, or simply agere, To ad- 
dress the people (in a public assembly, 
for the purpose of obtaining their ap- 
proval or rejection, acceptance or re- 
fusal, of a thing), Sail. ; Cic. — 5. 
Of proceedings in a com-t of law : 
Agere causam, etc., To take proceedings; 
to plead ; to bring, manage, conduct a 
cause, action, or suit: causas amic- 
orum, Cic: (without Object) e sponso 
agere, to bring an action on an agree- 
ment, id.: lege agere in hasreditatem, 
id. — 6. Agere reum, or simply agere, 
To plead or take proceedings against a 
defendant; to accuse one: Liv.; Cic. — 
7. Pass.: Of the thing which is the 
subject of accusation : To be in suit 
or question; to be pleaded: aguntur 
injuriae sociorum, agitur vis leguni, 
agitur existimatio veritasque judici- 
orum, Cic— 8. Of an orator : To re- 
present by external action, etc. : quae 
sic ab illo acta esse constabat oculis, 
Cic — 9. Of an actor: To represent, 
play, act: partes, Ter.: gestum in 
gcena, Cic— 10. Sacrificial t. t.: (To 
do ; euphemistic for) To give the blow 
to the victim ; to dispatch, slay, kill, 
slaughter (in performing this rite the 
sacrificer asked the priest agone ? 
shall I do it ? and the latter answered 
AGE, or HOC age, do it): qui calido 
strictos tincturus sanguine cultros 
Semper " Agone " rogat, nee nisi jus- 
sus agit, Ov. — 11. With a subst., as a 
circumlocution for the action indi- 
cated by the subst.: praelium, to give 
battle, Liv.: gratias or grates (never 
gratiam) , to give thanks, or thank, Liv. ; 
triumphum, to triumph, Cic. — 12. 
Agere forum, To hold a session, to sit 
for judgment, to administer justice (used 
of the governors of provinces): Cic. 
— 13. Agere senatum, To hold or con- 
vene the senate: Suet. — 14, To pursue 
in one's mind, to revolve, be occupied 
with, think upon, have in view, etc.: 
nihil aliud, Cic: (without Object) 
agitasse Oaium de in tranda Britannia 
satis constat, Tac. — E. Of time, etc.: 
1. To spend, pass, pass through: toler- 
abilem agere senectutem, Cic: dies 
festos, id. — 2. With annus and an or- 
dinal adj.: To be of a certain age, to be 
so old : quartum annum ago et octo- 
gesimum, Cic. — 3. Without immedi- 
ate object: To live; to spend, or pass 
time; to be : Africa (=Afri), quse 
procul a mari incultius agebat, Sail. 
— F. Se agere, or simply agere, To 
behave or deport one's self, Sail.; Tac 
III. Me ton.: A. Of inanimate ob- 
jects : To plunder, carry off, steal,"- 
na3 pulchram praadam aerat'(of a p# 
of gold), Plaut.— B. Transf. from 
political sphere to common life : 1« 
Agere cum alicmo de re or ut, or sim* 



ply agere • To treat, deal, confer, talk 
with one upon any thing, by 'asking, 
admonishing, beseeching, etc.; to en- 
deavour to persuade, or move one, that, 
etc.: Cic; Liv.— 2. Agere cum aliquo 
folld. by Objective clause : To propose 
to some one that sometning be done, 
etc. : Suet. — 3. Agere cum aliquo 
bene, pnuclare, male, etc. : To deal 
well or ill with one, to treat or use one 
well or ///.- Cic; Val. Max. —In Pass.: 
To stand, be, or go well or ill with one; 
to be well or badly of: intelligetsecum 
actum esse pessime, Cic: agitur pra> 
clare, id. — C Pass.: To be at stake or 
at hazard, to be in peril: tua res agitur, 
paries quum proximas ardet, Hor. — 
D.: 1. To represent or personate one ; 
to act as, or behave like one : egi illos 
omnes adolescentes, Cic. — 2. Perf. 
Pass.: (Something has been acted; 
hence) Something is all over: acta 
hasc res est, i. e. is quite lost, Ter. — 
Impers. Pass.: Actum est, It is all 
over, i. e. all is lost, I am ruined, un- 
done: Ter.; Cic— E. From the call 
of the priest at sacrifices (hoc age) 
warning the people to be quiet and to 
give attention : 1. Hoc or id agere: 
a. So, alone; To give attention to this, 
etc.; to mind, heed, give the mind to, 
this, etc.: Cic— b. With ut or ne c. 
Subj.: To pursue this, etc.; to have this, 
etc, in view; to aim at or design this, 
etc: id agunt, ut viri boni esse vidc- 
antur, Cic: egi, ne intcressem, id. 
— 2. Aliud or alias res agere : (To 
heed another thing or things; hence) 
Not to attend to, not to heed or observe 
the matter before one ; to be heedless, 
etc. : Cic. % Hence, Fr. agir. 

agon, onis, m,=-a.y<ln>, wvo?. A 
struggle, coldest, or combat in the public 
games: musicus, Suet. — Pro v.: nunc 
demum agon est, now is die time for 
actio?!., id. 

Agonalis, e, adj. Of, or belong- 
ing to, the Agonalia ; a Roman festival 
in honour of Janus and the guardian 
deities of the state : Ov. 

Xgonia, drum, n. The Agonia; 
another name fo>* the Agonalia: Ov. 
See preceding art. 

agr-arlus, a, um, adj. [ager, 
agr-i] Of, or relating to, the fields or 
lands: agrariae leges, agrarian laws, 
laws about (he disposal of public lands : 
Liv. — As Subst.: agrarii, orum, m. 
(sc. homines) Supporters of the agra- 
rian laws, the agrarian party: Cic. 
^[ Hence, Fr. agraire. 

Agraulos, i, -e, es, /., "AypauAos 
(One dwelling in the field). Agraulos 
or Agraule; a daughter of Cecrops. 

agr-estis, e, adj. [ager, agr-i] I. 
Prop.: Of, or belonging to, land, 
fields, or the country; cou?Ury-like, rus- 
tic: te hospitio agresti accipiemus, 
Cic. — As Subst.: agrestis, is (Gen. 
PL agrestum, Ov.), comm. A country- 
man or countryicoman ; arustic, sicain : 
conventus agrestium, Cic: collectos 
armat agrestes, Virg. n. Meton.: 
Growing wild, wild: poma, Virg.: 
pamife, Cic. III. Fig.: A. Rustic; 
Moorish, clownish, rav), uncultivated, 

wild, savage, barbarous: genus ho- 
minum agreste, Sail.: (Comp.) agrest- 
iores Musre, Cic— B. Wild, brutish: 
vultus, Ov. «jf Hence, Fr. agreste. 

agr-i»col-a, a?, m. (Gen. Plur. 
agricoldm, Lucr.) [ager, agr-i; (i); 
col-o] I. Prop.: A cultivator of land: 
agricohe assidui, Cic II. Meton.: 
| Of the gods : A patron or tutelary 
deity of agriculture: redditur agricolis 
gratia caeliiibus, Tib. f Hence, Fr. 
(adj.) agricole. 

agr-i-cul-tio, onis, /. [for agr-i- 
col-tio ; fr. ager, agr-i; (i); col-o] 
Husbandry : Cic. 

agr-i-cul-tor, oris, m. [for agr-i- 
col-tor ; fr. ager, agr-i ; (i); col-o] An 
agriculturist, husbandman: Liv. % 
Hence, Fr. agriculteur. 

agr-i«cul-tura, se, /. (also, as 
two words, agri cultura) [for agr-i- 
col-tura ; fr. ager, agri; (i); col-o] 
Agriculture: Cic; Caes. % Hence, 
Fr. agriculture. 

Agrigentum, i, n. Agrigentum ; 
one of the largest and richest cities on 
the coast of Sicily, near Cape Pachynum, 
Gv. Acragas_ (now Girgenti).— Hence, 
Agrigent-Imis, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Agrigentum. — As Subst.: 
Agrigentini, orum, m. (sc. cives) 
The inhabitants of Agrigentum. 

Agriodos,ontos,m.[aypios ; oSoi)?] 
(fierce tooth) Agriodos ; the name of 
a hound. 

agr-i-pet-a, ve, m. [ager, agr-i ; 
(i) ; pet-o] One who strives for the pos- 
session of land : Cic. 

Agrippa, se, m. Agrippa; a Rom- 
an name: 1. Menenius Agrippa, who 
related to the people upon Mons Sacer 
the fable of the stomach and limbs.— 2. 
J/. Vipsanius Agrippa , the son-in-law of 
Augustus, husband of Julia, and father 
of Agrippina. — 3. Agrippa Postumus, 
son of the former. — 4. Ilerodes Agrippa 
1. and //. kings of Judea. 

Agrippina, a3, /. Agrippina : 1 . 
The wife of the Emperor Tiberius, 
granddaughter of A iticus. — 2<A daugh- 
ter of Vipsanius Agrippa and of Julia ; 
the daughter of Augustus, icife of Ger- 
manicus, and mother of Caligula. — 3. 
A daughter of the preceding and Ger- 
manicus, wife of Cn. Domitius jEuo- 
barbus, and mother of Nero. — Hence, 
Agrippin-ensis, e, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Agrippina: Colonia Agr- 
ippinensis (now Cologne). — As Subst.: 
Agrippinenses, rum, m. (sc. cives) 
The inhabitants of Colonia Agrippina. 
Agrius (-os), li, m., "A-ypios (One 
living in the fields). Agrius or Agrios ; 
a man's name. 

iLgyleus (trisyll.), gi' or eos, m., 
'Aymeu? (One belonging to the 
streets) . A gyieus ; a surname of Apollo, 
as gttardian of the streets and public 

| Agylla, as, /. Agylla; a town in 
| Etruria, afterwards Caere (now Cerv- 
| etere).— Hence, Agyll-Inus, a, um, 
I adj. Of, oi belonging to, Agylla.— As 
| Subst. : Agyllini, orum, m. (sc. cives) 
! The inhabitants of Agylla. 

Xgyrluni, \\, n. Agyrium; a town 
of Sicily, the birthplace of Diodorus 
Siculus (now & Filippo d' Argiro). — 
Hence, Agyri-nensis, e, adj. Of or 
belonging to, Agyrium. — As Subst.: 
Agyrinenses, turn, ?n. (sc. civesj 
The inhabitants of Agyrium. 

Agyrtes, ee, m., ' Ay apr-os (A col- 
lector ; also, a vagabond). Agyrtes , a 
parricide mentioned by Ovid. 

ah (sts. written without h), intery. 
Ah ! alas ! ha 2 ah me ! An exclama- 
tion expressive of pain, grief, indigna- 
tion, entreaty, joy, etc. : ah, nescis 
quam doleam, Ter. : (with Ace.) ah 
me, Cat.: (with Voc.) ah! stulte, Ter. 

aha, («toy. Aha! ha! haha! An 
exclamation expressive of reproof, de- 
nial, laughter, etc.: Plaut. 

Ahala, se, m. Ahala; a Roman 
name; e.g. C.Se?'vilius Structus Ahala, 
who, as magister equitum, slew the turb* 
ulent Mcelius. 

Xharna, ve,f. Aharna ; a town qf 

aheneus, ahenipes, etc., v. ae. 

1. ai — ai, interj. denoting grief. Aht 
alas!: Ov. 

2. ai, imperat. of aio. 

ai-ens, entis: 1. P. of ai-o. — 2., 
Pa.: Affirming, affirmative: negantia 
conf.raria aientibus, Cic. 

ain' = aisne, v. aio. 

ai=o, v. aefect. (the forms in use are 
Prces. Indie. aio, ais, ait>— aiunt.— 
P/ws. Subj. aias, aiat — aiant. — lmperf 
Indie, throughout, aicbam, aiebas,rfc. 
— Imperat. ai. — Part, prces. aiens,— 
From ais with the interrog. particle 
ne, ain' is used in familiar language.— 
For lmperf. also aibas, aibat, aibant 
were used. — The ai is always dissyll. 
except in the Imperat. ai; also, in 
Plaut., ais, ait, are sometimes mono- 
ay 11.) [akin to Sanscrit root ah, for 
agh, "to say, speak"] I. Gen.: 
To speak; to utter speech: Aius iste 
Loquens, quum eum nemo norat, ai- 
ebat et loquebatur, et ex eo nomen 
i uven it, Cic II. E s p. : A. : 1 . Neut. : 
To say "yes:" Diogenes ait,Antipater 
negat, Cic— 2. Act.: To say yes to a 
thing: quasi ego id curem, quid ille 
aiat aut neget, Cic. — B. To say, assert, 
slate, etc : nisi quid pater ait aliud, 
Ter. : (without Object) ut ait Statius nos» 
ter in Synephebis, Cic — Particul- 
ar phrases: 1. Aiunt or ut aiunt, 
quomodo aiunt, quod aiunt: a. In 
quoting a proverbial phrase : Men say, 
as men say, as is said, so to speak : Ter. ; 
Cic. — b. In quoting an anecdote, As it 
is related: Hor. — 2. Ain'? = aisne? also 
often strengthened, ain' tu? ain' tuto? 
ain' tandem? ain' vero? Bo you really 
mean so ? is it possible ? often only an 
emphatic what ? Plaut. ; Cic. — Also 
with a plur.: ain' tandem? inquit, 
num. castra vallata non habetis ? Liv. 
—3. Quid ais? a. Wliat! what do you 
say? Plaut.— b. What do you mean? 
what do you say or think? Ter. — c. 
What is your opinion ? what do you say 1 

Aius (Loquens, or Locutius)' 



(The speaker saiing,ov the sayer) Aius 
Loquens or Locutius; a deity, toho an- 
nounced to the Romans that the Gauls 
were coming. 

Ajax, acis, m., Ala? (usually re- 
ferred to at, " alas ")• Ajax: I. P r op. : 
The name of two Greeks renowned for 
their valour: A. Telamonius (son of 
Telamon, king of Salamis), who con- 
tended with Ulysses for the possession of 
the arms of Achilles, and, when the 
former obtained them, became insane 
mid killed himself. From his blood the 
hyacinth sprang up. — B. Oileus (son of 
Vileus) , king of the Locri. II. Me to n. : 
A. The title 'of a tragedy of Ennius : 
Cic— B. The title of an unfinished 
tragedy of the Emperor A ugustus : Suet. 
— C» The name of a picture of Timo- 
machus: Cic. 

a-la, as, /. [etym. dub. ; prps. for 
ag-la, fr. ag-o] (The moving thing; 
hence) I, Prop.: Of flying creatures: 
A wing : quatiunt (sc. Harpyise) alas, 
Yirg. II. Pig.: A wing: velorum 
pandimus alas, Virg. III. Meto n. .* 
A. In man : 1 . The upper and under 
]Wt of the arm (where it unites with the 
Shoulder): Hor.— 2. Tfie armpit : Hor. 
— B. Military 1. 1. : The wing of an 
army (composed originally of the Rom- 
an cavalry, and afterwards oj the troops 
of the allies): Cic.— -C. Plur.: Feathers 
(tied to lines, used as toils in hunting) : 
tlum trepidant alee, Yirg. *JH Hence, 
Fr. axle. 

Alabanda, », /., and 5rnm, n. 
plur. Alabanda ; a town of Caria, dis- 
tinguished for its wealth and luxury.— 
Heme, 1. Alaband-i, orum, m. 
The inhabitants of Alabanda.— 2. Ala- 
band-enses, him, wi.=Alabandi.— 
3. Alaband-eni, orum, w.=Ala- 
bandi. — 4. Alaband-eus, a, ran 
(quadrisyll.) , adj. Of Alabanda. 

alabaster, tri,»n., also plur. ala- 
bastra, orum, n. =■ aAa^acrrpo?, plur. 
ahafSaarrpa. I. Pro p.: A box or vase 
{for unguents or perfumes, tapering to 
a point at the top, made originally of 
alabaster, whence the name, afterwards 
of other materials) : redolent al abastra, 
Mart. II. Me ton. : A rose-bud (be- 
fore it opens) : PI. «f Hence, Fr. al- 

alacer, cris, e, adj. (Nom. masc. 
alacris, Ter.; Virg. — Anciently alacer 
comm.) [etym. dub.} Lively, roused to 
action, brisk, quick, eager. In the class, 
age, with the idea of joyous activitj' : 
Glad, happy. I. Prop.: videbantCat- 
ilinam alacrem, Cic: (Comp.) alacri- 
ores ad reliquum perflciendum, Auct. 
Her. II. Fig.: Of things: alacris 
voiuptas, a lively pleasure, Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. allbgre. 

alacr-itas, afcis, /. [alacer, alacr- 
is] (The quality or state of the alacer; 
hence) 1. Liveliness, ardour, eager- 
ness, readiness, alacrity: Cic. — 2. 
Transport, rapture, joy, gladness, ec- 
stasy : Liv. % Hence, Fr. alacrity, 

Xlaxnanni, orum, v. Alemanni. 

Alani, orum. m., WkavoC : I» 

Prop.: The Alani ; a warlike Scythian 
nation. — Hence, Alan-us, a,um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, the Alani, II. 
M e t o n. : Wild, fierce, barbarous men : 

alapa, ee,/. [prob. onomatop.] A 
blow upon the cheek u-ith the open hand, 
a box on the ear : Pheed. — In the eman- 
cipation of a slave a slight alapa was 
given by his master; hence, mill to 
majoris alapaa mecum veneunt, /. e. 
with me freedom is much more dearly 
purchased, Pha?d. 

al»aris, e, adj. [al-a] = alarms, Liv. 

al-arms, a, urn, adj. [id. J That is 
on the wings (of an army), of the wing: 
equites, Liv. —As Subst.: alarii, 
orum, m. (sc. milites) Soldiers in the 
wing of an army : Cass. 

Xlastor, 5ris, w. = dAao-Twp (Tor- 
mentor) Alastor; one of the compan- 
ions of Sarpedon, king of Lycia, killed 
by Ulysses before Troy, 

al»atus, a, um, adj. [al-a] Furn- 
ished with wings, winged: plantar, i.e. 
of Mercury, Virg. % Hence, Fr. a He 1 . 

alauda, a?, /. [a Celtic word ; lit. 
great songster ; from al, excellent, and. 
ud, a icind or blast of a clarion or 
trumpet^ I. Prop. : The crested lark: 
PI. II. M e t o n. : The name of a legion 
raised by Cwsar in Gaul: Suet. If 
Hence, Fr. alouette. 

Alba, ce, f. [akin to Gr. a\<b6s, 
Sabine, alpus, Alp, the name for a 
high mountain] 1. Alba (called also 
Alba Longa), the mother city of Rome, 
built by Ascanius, the son of jEneas, 
between the Alban lake and Moris Alb- 
anus.— -Hence, Alb-anus, a, um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Alba; Alban. — As 
Subst.i a. Albani, orum, m. (sc. 
cives) The people of Alba ; the A I bans. 
— b. Alb-anum, i, n. (sc. praedium) 
An estate at or near Alba: Cic— 2. 
Alba Fucentia, or simply Alba; a town 
north-west of Locus Fucinus (now Cel- 
ano): Cass. —Hence, Alb-ensis, e, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, Alba. 

alb-atus, a, um, adj. [alb-um] 
(Provided with- album ; hence) Clothed 
in ichite: dominus, Cic. — In the Cir- 
censian games, one party, which was 
clothed in white, was called albata: PI. 

alb-eo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. [alb-us] To be white: campi 
ossibus albent, Virg. — Particular 
phrase: Albente caelo, When the sky 
is white, i. e. at daybreak, Cass. 

albe-SCO, no perf . nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. n. inch, [albe-o] To begin to be ichite, 
to become white: mare albescit, Cic. : 
albescens capillus, Hor. 

Albici, orum, m. pi. The Albiu; a 
people near the Massilienses. 

alb-xco, no perf nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. [alb-us] To be white : nee prata 
canis albicant pruinis, Hor. 

alb-Idus, a, um, adj. [alb-eo] 
Whitish, white: spnma, Ov. : (Comp.) 
albidior, PI.: (>&<p.)albidissimus,Cels. 

Albinius, ii, m. Albinius ; a Rom- 
an •plebeian, who conveyed the sacred 
vessels, etc, to Ccere, after the defeat on 
the A Ilia. 

AlblnSvairus, i, m. Albinovanus: 

1. C. Pedo Albinovanus: C.Pedo; an 
epic poet, a contemporary and friend of 
Ovid: Ov.— 2. Celsus Albinovanus ; a 
contemporary of Horace. 

Albintimelium, ii, n. Albintime* 
Hum; a town of Liguria (now Ventimi- 

Albinus, i, m. Albinus ; a Roman 

Albis, is, m. The A Ibis; a river of 
Germany (now the Elbe). 

alb-itiido, mis, /. [alb-us] (The 
state of the albus; hence) Whiteness: 

Albius, !i, m. Albius; a Roman 
name. — Hence, Albi-anus, a, um, 
adj. Of, or pertaining to, a?i Albius. 

Albucius, ii, m. Albucius ; a 
Roman name. 

alb-ulus, a,,um,adj.dini. [alb-us] 
Whitish, white: columbus, Cat.: freta, 
i. e. through the foaming waves, Mart. 
As Subst.: Albula, as,/, (sc. aqua) 
( Whitewater) TheAlbula, another name 
of the Tiber : amisit verum vetus Alb- 
nla nomen, Virg. 

Alb-unea (-na), se,f. [prob. alb- 
us] (The white thing) Albunea or 
Albuna ; a fountain at Tibur gushing 
up between steep rocks (or poet, the 
nymph who dwelt there), near which 
was the villa of Horace. 

Alb-urnus, i, «». [id.] (id.) Alb- 
um us; a mountain of Lucania (now 
Monte di Postiglione). 

albus, a, um, adj. [akin to Gr. 
aA</>6?] I. Prop.: White (prop, dead 
while) : color, Cic. : qua3 alba sint, 
quae nigra dicere, id. : pedibus qui 
venerafc albis, i. e. whitened (as of slaves 
exposed for sale) , Juv.— P roverbial 
phrases: A. Dentibus albis clerid- 
ere, To deride with white teeth, i.e. sc 
as to show the teeth; hence, to decide 
vehemently : Plant.— -B. Albus an ater 
sit, etc.: ignorare, etc., Rot to know 
whether one be ichite or black; to know 
and care nothing about one : Cic. ~C. 
Aibo rete aliqnid oppugnare, To attack 
or seize upon with a white net, i. e. in a 
delicate skilful manner : Plaut. — D. 
Alba linea aliquid signare, To mark 
something with a white line, i. e. to make 
no distinction in a thing: Gell. — E. 
Alba avis, etc., A white bird, for a 
rarity, something uncommon : Cic— F. 
Filiusalbse gallinse,,*! son ofawlutehen, 
i. e. a child of fortune: Juv.— G. Equis 
albis pra3Ciirrero aliquem, To run 
before or outstrip one with ichite horses, 
i. e. to excel, surpass one (the figure 
drawn from the white horses attached 
to a triumphal chariot) : Hor,— -Ay 
Subst.: album, i, «. (The white thing; 
hence) 1. White colour, white: macnlis 
insignis et albo, Virg.- 2. The ichite 
of the eye : Cels.— 3. The white of an 
egg : Cels.— 4. A ichite tablet on which 
any thing is inscribed : a. The tablets 
on which the Pontifex Maximus regis- 
tered the principal events of the year: 
Annales maximi, Cic— b. The tablets 
of the prcetor, on which his edicts were 
written, and which were posted up in 
some public place: Sen.— c. A roll, list* 
or register of names, etc, : senatoriunv 



Tac.r judicum, Suet.: citharasdorum, 
Id. II. Fig.: Favourable, lucky, pro- 
pitious: steila, Hor. HI. Me ton.: 
A. Pale, from sickness, etc. : aquosus 
albo Corpore languor, Hor. — B. Of 
the wind : Making clear, dispersing 
the clouds : Notus, Hor. % Hence, Fr. 

Alcaeus, i, m., 'AAxaio? (Mighty 
one). Alcceus; a lyric poet of Mitytene, 
inventor of (he Alcaic verse. 

Alcander, dri, m. Alcander ; a 
man's name. 

Aleathoe, es, /., 'AXaaQo-q (De- 
fender or warder off). Aleathoe; the 
titadel of Megara. 

Alcathous, i, m., AA/ca0oos (id.) 
Alcathous: 1. A son of Pelops, founder 
of Megara. — 2. A person mentioned by 
Virg. _ 

alcedo, onis = alcyon. The king- 
fisher: Var. 

alced6n-i'a, orum, n. [alcedo, 
aleedon-is] (Prop. : Things pertaining to 
the alcedo ; i. e. the days ichile the king- 
fisher broods and the sea is calm; Fig.) 
A calm, profound tranquillity : Plaut. 

alcee, is,/.=:dA*oj [akin to the old 
Germ, elch: Or. aA*??] The elk: Cass. 

Alcestis, is, /., ; AA/o;crTt? or 'AA- 
K^arrj. Alcestis; a daughter of Pelias, 
and wife of Admetus, king of Pherce, 
for the preservation of whose life she 
resigned her own. She was brought 
back from the lower world by Hercules, 
and restored to her husband. 

Alciblades, is, m. (Voc. Grose. 
Alcibiade, Liv.), 'AA/a/SiaS^?. Alci- 
biades; an Athenian general in the time 
of the Peloponnesian war. 

Alcldamas, antis, m., *A\Ki8dfxa<s 
(Be that subdues by strength). Alci- 
damas ; a wrestler mentioned by Ovid. 

Aleides, as, m., 'AAk<?iS>js, A de- 
scendant of Alceus, the father of Am- 
phitryon ; his grandson Hercules. 

Alcimedon, ontis, m. 'A\KtixeS<av 
(One bethinking himself of defence). 
Alcimedon ; a carver in wood. 

Alcinous, i, m., 'AAkiVoos (id.) 
Alcinous ; a king of the Pho3acians, 
renowned for his love of horticulture. 
On account of the luxury that prevailed 
ut his court, Horace called luxurious 
young men juventus Alcinoi. — P r o v. : 
Alcinoo dare poma, To give fruits to 
Alcinous, i. e. to carry coals to New- 
castle, Ov. 

Alcis, is, m. Aids; a deity of the 

AlcithSe, es, /., 'AAk^otj (She 
with active strength). Alcithoe; a 
daughter of Minyas, changed into a bat. 

Alcmena (Alcii-), a?, also Alc- 
mene, es, /. 'AXk^ut), Alcmena, 
Alcumena, or Alcmene; a daughter of 
tlectryon, wife of Amphitryo, mother of 
Hercules and Iphiclus. 

Alcon, onis, m. Alcon; a man's 

alcyon (hal-), onis, f. — a\Kv<ov. 
The kingfisher, halcyon ; Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. alcyon. 

Alcyone (Hal-), es,/., 'AXkvovtj. 

Alcyone or Halcyone: 1.: a. Prop.: 

d daughter of JZolus, who, from love 


to her shipwrecked husband Ceyx, threio 
herself into the sea and was changed 
into a kingfisher. — b. Me ton. : The 
kingfisher : Stat. — Hence, Alcyon- 
eus (Hale-, -lus), a, urn, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, the alcyon: Alcyonei 
dies, Col.— As Subst.: Alcyoneuni, 
i, n. (sc. medicamen), Seafoam, a re- 
medy employed by the ancients : PL; 
Ov. — 2. A Pleiad; daughter of Atlas 
and Pleione. 

a-lea, 33, /. [prob. for as-lea ; fr. 
the Sanscrit root AS, "to cast," or 
" throw "] {The thing throxen, or thing 
for throwing; hence) I. Prop.: A die 
or dice for playing at games of chance : 
jacta est alea, the die is cast (the ex- 
pression of Caesar on his deciding to 
cross the Rubicon and march to B,ome), 
Suet. II. Meton. : A. A game of 
chance or hazard: Cic. — B. Gaming, 
gambling: Cic. HI. Fig.: Of any 
thing uncertain, doubtful , etc. : Chance, 
hazard, venture, risk, etc. : Cic. 

alea-tor, 5ris, m. [alea, (uncontr. I 
Gen.) alea-i] (One employing the alea; 
hence) A gambler, gamester : Cic. 

alea tor-i vis, a, urn, adj. [aleator] \ 
Of, or pertaining to, a gamester: Cic. i 
% Hence, Fr. aUatoire. _ j 

alec (all-, hal-), ecis, n. or alex j 
(hal-) , ecis,/. and m. (plur. not used) ; ; 
ace. to PL, The sediment of a costly \ 
fish-sauce (garum) ; gen. fish-pickle, i 
fish^brine: Hor. i 

Alecto, us, /. (only in Norn, and 
Ace.) 'AAtjktoS, ovs (The unceasing or 
implacable one). Alecto ; one of the ; 
three Furies. j 

Alemon, 5nis, m.=a.\rjit<*)v (Wan- j 
derer) Alemon ; a Greek, father of Mys- \ 
celus, who founded Crotona in Lower ! 
Italy. — Hence, Alemon-ides, se, m. 
The son of Alemon, i. e. Myscelus. 

ale-o, onis, m. [ale-a] (One having 
alea; hence) A gamester: Cat. 

al-e-s, alltts (Abl. Sing. aliti,Sen.; 
Gen. Plur. alituui, Mart. ; alituum, 
Virg.) adj. [for al-i-(t)-s; fr. al-a; 1 root 
of eo] (Wing-going; hence) I. Prop.: 
With icings, winged: avis, Cic: equus, 
i. e. Pegasus, Ov. : deus, i. e. Mercury, 
id. — As Subst.'. ales, ftis, comm.: 
A.: 1. Gen.: A bird: a. Prop.: 
argentea, i. e. the raven, before its meta- 
morphosis, Ov.: albus, the swan, Hor.: 
cristatus, the cock, Ov. : Jovis, the eagle, 
Virg. — b. Fig.: Of a poet : Meeonii 
carminis ales, a bird of Meson ian (i.e. 
Homeric or Epic) song, Hor. — 2. Esp,: 
a. Trop. : Augur, t. L: A bird of 
flight, i. e. that affords omens by Us 
flight: alites et oscines, Cic. — b. Met- 
on.: Augury, omen, sign: mala, Hor. 
— B. A winged or flying person, etc., 
one who flies : Cyllenius ales, i. e. Merc- 
ury, Claud. H. M e t o n. : Swift, rap- 
id, etc.: Auster, Virg.: passus, Ov. 

al-esco, no perf. nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. n. [al-o] To grow up, increase: Lucr. 

Alesia, se, /. Alesia; a town of 
Gaul, (now Alise). 

Aletes, is, m. 'AAtJtyj? (Wanderer) 
Aletes; a companion of jEneas. 
alex, v. alec. 
Alexander, dri, m., ' Akdt-avSpos 

(Defender of men). Alexander: 1. Son 
of Philip and Olympia, surnamed Mag- 
nus, the founder of the Macedonian 
empire. — 2. Son of Perseus, king of 
Macedonia. — 3. A tyrant of Pherce, in 
Thessaly. — 4. A king of Epirus. — 5 t 
A name of Paris, son of Priam. 

Alexandria (-ea), ae, /., 'AAe£- 
di'Speia (A thing — e. g. a city — pertain- 
ing to Alexander). Alexandria or 
Alexandrea : 1. The city built by Alex- 
ander the Great, after the destruction of 
Tyre, upon the north coast of Egypt, the 
residence of the Ptolemies, noted for its 
luxury (now Scanderun). — Hence, 
Alexandri-nus, a, urn, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Alexandria: vita, i. e- 
luxurious, Cses. — 2. A city of Troas. 

Alexirhoe, es, /., 'AAef t p6r? (She 
who wards off the stream) . Alexirhoe-. 
a dang) iter of the river -god Granicus f 
mother of Abacus. 

Alexis, Wis (Ace. Alexim, Virg.; 
Yoc. Alexi, id.), m., "AAefis (Help). 
Alexis: 1. The name of a beautiful 
youth. — 2 . A freedman and amanuensis 
of T. Pomponius Atticus. 

alga, ie,/. [etym. dub.] Sea-weal 
Hor. % Hence, Fr. algue. 

alge-ns, entis : 1. P. of alge-o. — 
2. Pa.: a. Prop.: Cold: loci, PL— b„ 
Meton.: Admitting the cold : toga, i. e. 
thin or tattered, Mart. 

algeo, si, no sup., gere, 2. v. n. 
[prob. akin to aAyew] To be cold, to 
feel cold: I. Prop.: erudiunt juven- 
tutem, algendo, aestuando, Cic. H. 
Fig.: probitas laudatur et alget, i. e. 
is not cherished, Juv. 

alge-sco, alsi, no sup., algescSre, 3. 
v. n. inch, [alge-o] I. To catch cold: ne 
ille alserib, Ter. H. To become cold * 
vitcs, PL 

Algid-uni, i, n. [1. algid-us] (The 
cold thing) Algidum; a town on Mount 
Algid-us (now Rocca del Papa). — 
Hence, Algid-us, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Algidum. 

1. alg-idus, a, um, adj. [alg-eo] 
Cold: algida nive, Cat. — As Subst: 
Algida, as, /. (sc. terra) The cold 
country; i. e. Thrace, «f Hence, Fr. 

2. Algldus, i, m. [1. algidus] (The 
co Id mountain) Algidus; a high wooded 
and snow-capped mountain near Rome. 

alg-or, oris, m. [alg-eo] Cold that 
is felt, coldness: Tar 

alg-us, us, m. «u, n. indecl. 
[alg-eo] Cold that is felt, coldness: 
Plaut. _ 

ali-a, adv. [ali-us] By another way 
or road : Flor. 

all-as, adv. [ali-us] 1. Of place : 
At another place, in other places, else- 
where : facete is quid em, sieut alias, as 
in other passages, Cic. — P articular 
combination: With alius: Onein 
one place, another in another: alii sunt 
alias, Cic. — 2. Of time, past or future : 
At anoUier time, at other times, on, 
another occasion: gubernatores alias 
imperare soliti, turn, etc., Curt.: alias 
jocabim ur , Cic. — P articular co ra- 
binations : a. Alias . . . alias, At 
one time . . . at another' once . « 



another time ; note . . . now : Cic— bu 
Alias . . . plerumque, etc., At one time 
. . .frequently, etc.: Cic; PL— c. Alias 
aliter, alias aliud, etc., At one time in 
one way . . . at another in another ; now 
so . . . now otherwise; now this . . . now 
that: Cic. — &. Seepe alias or alias ssepe 
. . . nuper, quondam, turn, etc, also 
quum seepe alias . . . turn, etc., Fre- 
quently at other times, . . ., note, lately, 
once, or formerly; as, frequently, on 
the one hand . . . so, especially, on the 
other; both, frequently, on the one 
hand . . . and, especially, on the other: 
Cic; Nep. — e, Semper alias, Always 
at other times: Suet. — f. Raro alias, 
Rarely at other times: Liv. — g. Non 
alias, At no other time, never: Virg.; 
Liv. — 3. Of circumstances: a. In 
other respects, for the rest, otherxoise: 
alias salubri potu ejus aquas, PL — b. 
Non alias quam, Fromno other reason, 
on no other condition, in no other 
circumstances than; not other than: 

ali-bi, adv. [ali-us] I. Prop.: At 
another place, elsewhere : scio equidem 
alibi animum tuum, Plaut.— Part- 
icular combinations : A. With 
negatives: Nee alibi, And no wher 
else: nusquam alibi, not elsewhere, no 
where else, etc.: Cic; Yirg. — B. : 1. 
Alibi . . . alibi, At one place . . . at 
another place ; here . . .there: Liv. — 2. 
Alibi . . . alibi . . . alibi, At one place 
. . , at another place . . . at another 
place, still: Liv. — 3. Hie . . . illic . . . 
alibi, Here . . . (here . . . there again 
or elsewhere: Yirg. — C. Alibi alius or 
aliter, The one here, the other there; 
one in this, the other in that manner: 
Liv. — D. Alibi atque alibi, In this 
place- and in that place, in various 
places: PL — E. Alibi quam, Elsewhere 
than; with nusquam, ete.: Nowhere else 
than: Tac; Liv. II, Met on.: A.: 1. 
In other things, in other respects, in 
something else: si alibi plusperdiderim, 
minus asgre habeam, Plaut. — 2. With 
q nam : To denote comparison : In 
another thing, or other things, than, 
etc: alibi quam in innocentia spem 
habere, Liv. — B. Of persons : With 
some other person : priusquam banc 
uxorem dnxi, habebam alibi animum 
amori deditum, Ter. — C. Otherwise: 
rarum alibi animal, Curt. 

al-ica, a?,/, [al-o] (The nourishing 
or nutritious thing ; hence) I, Prop.: 
A kind of grain, spell: PL II. Met- 
3n.: A. Grits prepared from alica ; 
spelt grits: Cels. — B. A drink pre- 
pared from spelt-grits : Mart. 

aHc-ilbi [aliqu-is] Someiohere, any 
where, at some place or any place : si 
salvus sit Pompeius et constiterit alic- 
ubi, etc. — Particular combin- 
ations: 1. Alicubi . . . alicubi . . . 
alicubi . . . Someiohere . . . elsewhere 
. . . elsewhere still: Sen. — 2, Alicubi 
hie, Somewhere here, near here, here- 
abouts: Ter.; Cic. 

al-iciila, £e, /. [al-a] K That which 

is made for covering the upper part of J 

the arm; hence) A cape or short cloak 

mth a cape : Mart. I 


aHc-unde, adv. [aliqu-is] I. 
Prop.: From somewhere, from some 
place : prsecipitare alicunde : Cic II. 
M e t o n. : A* . From some person , from 
S07ne quarter : non quaesi vit procul alic- 
unde, Cic. — B. From some thing or any 
thing: quibus est alicunde objectus 
labos, Ter. 

alid, v. alius. 

aliena-tio, onis, /. [alien(a)-o] 
1.: a. Prop.: A transferring or sur- 
rendering of a thing to a person : 
Cic. — b. Fig.: (A transferring of 
one's self: i. e.) (a) The going over to 
another person or thing; separation, 
withdrawal, parting, etc: consilium, 
Cic : amicitiffl, id. — (b) Desertion, etc : 
cxercitus, Cass. — (c) Aversion, hatred, 
enmity: in Yitellium, Tac — 2. Medic. 
t. t.: Alienatio mentis, or simply alien- 
atio, Loss of mind or reason, insanity, 
madness, Cels.; Sen. % Hence, Fr. 

alien-i-gSn-a, se, m. [alien-us ; 
(i); gen-o] One born in a foreign land ; 
a foreigner, stranger, alien : Cic. — As 
Adj.\ Foreign, belonging to another ox 
foreign land: Of persons or things : 
alienigenas hostes, Cic: vino alien- 
igena usuros, Gell. 

alien-i-gen-ns, a, um, adj. [id.] 

1. (Born or produced in a place, etc., 
not one's own; hence): Foreign: mul- 
ier alienigeni sanguinis, VaL Max. — 

2. Produced from materials not one's, 
etc., own; heterogeneous: partes, Lucr. 

allen-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[alien-us] (To make a person or thing 
alienus; hence) I.: A. Of persons: 
To change into another : tu me alien- 
abis nunquam, Plaut. — B. Of things : 
To make different, to alter the nature 
of: saeopenium alienator, PL II. : 
A. Prop.: 1. Business t. t.: To 
transfer by sale ; to alienate from one's 
self ; to surrender to another : de ves- 
tris vectigalibus, non fruendis, sed 
alienandis, Cic — 2. To make subject 
to another; to give up, lose, etc: pars 
insula? alienata, Liv. B. Pig.: To 
withdraw or remove from friendship, 
etc: to alienate, estrange, set at vari- 
ance, etc.: omnes a se bonos, Cic. — 
Particular phrases: 1, Alienari 
ab aliqua re, To keep at a distance from 
something, i. e. to be disinclined to, or 
have an aversion for, to shrink from: 
Cic — 2. Medic, t. L: a. (a) Mentem 
alien are, or alienare alone, To deprive 
of reason, make delirious, drive mad, 
take away the mental powers or senses: 
Liv.; Sen. — (b) Alienari mente, etc., 
To be deprived of one's mind, etc.: 
PL; Liv. — b. Pass.: Of deadened 
members, etc.: To perish: Cels. % 
Hence, Fr. alie'ner. 

ali-enns, a, um, adj. [ali-us] (Be- 
longing to the alius ; hence) I. Prop.: 
A. Belonging to another person or 
thing; not one' sown: pecuniis alienis 
locupletari, Cic: vulnus, intended for 
another, Yirg.: alieno Marte pugn- 
abant (sc. equites), i.e. as footmen, 
Liv. — As Subst.: aliermm, i, n. The 
property of another : Isirgiri ex alieno, 
Cic — B. Of one's family, acquaint- 

ance, or country : Not belonging t<t 
one ; not related or allied ; strange, 
foreign: homo, Cic: non alienus san- 
guine regibus, Liv. — An Subst.: alie- 
nus, i, m. A stranger: Plaut.; Cic; 
— so, in Comp. and Sup.: ut nequa. 
amicis, neque alienioiibus desim, Cic: 
se suaque omnia alienissimis crecli- 
derunt, Cses. II. Fig.: A. Foreign 
to a tbing or person ; not suited, un- 
suitable, incongruous, inconvenient, not 
favourable: alienus dignitatis, Cic: 
alienus illi causa?, id.: (Sup.) nomine 
alienissimum, id. — B. Averse, hostile, 
estranged, unfriendly : mens, SalL: 
alieno a te animo fuit, Cic: alieno 
esse animo in Cassarem milites, Ctes. — 
C. Of places : Unsuitable, unfavour- 
able for an engagement : alieno loco 
proelium committunt, Cres. — D. Of 
time, etc.: Unfitting, inconvenient, un- 
favourable, unsuitable : (Comp.) alien- 
iore Eetate, Ter. — E. Dangerous, peril- 
ous, hurtful, injurious: suis ratio n- 
ibus, SalL — F. Unversed, unacquainted: 
in physicis, Cic: a Uteris, id. f 
Hence, Fr. ali6n£. 

al-i-ger, gera, gerum, adj. [al-a ; 
(i); ger-o] I. Prop.: Bearing wings, 
winged: amor, Virg.: agmen, i.e. of 
birds, id. II. Me ton.: Drawn by 
winged creatures: aligero tollitur axe 
Ceres, i. e. drawn by dragons, Ov. 

aliment-arms, a, xim, adj. [ali- 
ment-urn] Of, or relating to, nourish- 
ment: Law t.t.: lex, Cic % Hence, 
Fr. alimentaire. 

al-imentum, i, n. [al-o] (The 
nourishing thing; hence) I. Prop.: 
Nourishment, nutriment: alimenta 
corporis, Cic II. M e t o n. : A. Food, 
provisions, alimentary substance: ali- 
menta reponere in hiemem, Quint., 
alimenta flammaB, Ov. — B. The re- 
ward or gratitude due to parents from 
children for their rearing: quasi ali- 
menta exspeetaret a nobis (patria). 
III. Fig.: Food, etc: addidit ali- 
menta rumoribus, Liv. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. aliment. 

al-imonla, ae, /. [id.] Nourish- 
ment, sustenance: Plaut. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. aumbne. 

al-imonmm, ri, n. [id.] Nourish- 
ment, sustenance : Tac; Suet. 

ali-5, adv. [ali-us] 1.: a. Prop.: 
Of place : To another place, elsewhere: 
Arpinumne mihi eundum sit, an quo 
alio, Cic. — b. Fig.: (a) Of persons 
or things : Elsewhere; to another per- 
son or thing : vocat me alio (to another 
subject) tacita vestra exspectatio,Cic: 
quo alio, nisi ad nos, confugerenfc? 
Liv. — (b) To or in a different direction : 
hoc alio spectabat, ' Nep. — c. For 
another purpose: cupiditatis nomen 
servet alio, Cic. — 2.: a. Alio . . . 
alio, In one way . . . in another ; hi- 
ther . . . thither: Cic — b. Alio atque 
alio, In one tvay and another : Sen. — c. 
Alius, etc., alio, One in one way . . . 
another in another: Cic— d. Aliunde 
alio, From one place to another : Sen. 

alio-qul (-in), adv. [prop. Abl. 
from ali-us quis] I. Prop. ; In other 
respects, for the rest, other wise \ alioqui 



magniflcus triumphus fuit, Liv. II. 
Me ton.: A. Yet besides, besides, in 
general, generally, moreover: validus 
alioqui spernendis honoribus, Tac. — 
P a r t i c u 1 a r ic o m b i n a t i o n s: Ali- 
oqui et . . . et, quum . . . turn, etc.: 
Both in general (or in other respects) 
. . . and: Liv. — B. In itself ; even in 
itself, himself, etc.: ilia (sc. Phryne) 
speciosissima alioqui {in herself eveh 
most beautiful), Quint. — C. Otherwise, 
else : alioqui narrasses mini, PL 

alio-rsura. (-us), (also,alio-vor- 
suin, alio versus), adv. [contr. fr. 
alio versum] 1. Directed to another place 
(other men, objects, etc.), elsewhere: 
Plaut.— 2. In another manner: alio- 
rsum aliquid accipere, i.e. to take it 
differently, Ter. % Hence, Fr. a illeurs. 

al-i-pes, edis, adj. (Abl. alipedi, 
Val. PL) [al-a; (i); pes] I. Prop.: 
With wings on the feet, wing-footed: 
deus, i. e. Mercury, Ov. : alipedes equi, 
i. e. the horses of the sun, id. — As 
Subst.: alipes, edis, in. (sc. deus) The 
toing -footed god, i. e. Mercury, Ov. II. 
Me ton. : Swift, fleet, quick: cervi, 
Lucr. — As Subst.: alipes, edis, m. A 
swift-footed-horse :. Virg. ^f Hence, 
Fr. alipede. 

aliptes (-ta), ae, m. — aAeurrrjs 
(Anointer) 1. With the Greeks : One 
who anointed the bodies of the athletes, 
and trained them for exercise: Cels. — 

2. With the Romans : A slave who 
anointed Jus master in the bath: Cic. 

aliqua, adv. [sc. via : Abl. of ali- 
quis] I. P r o p. : By some way or road : 
Cic. II. Fig.: In some manner or 
other: Virg. 

allqtiam, adv. [orig. Ace. Fern, of 
aliqui = in aliquam partem] In some 
degree (only with diu or multus): 
1. Aliquam diu or as one word ali- 
quamdiu, A ivhile, for a while, for 
sometime: alsopregn.: a considerable 
time: Cic; Liv.; Cass. — Particular 
combination: Aliquamdiu . . . 
donee, A considerable time . . . until ; 
some time . . . until: Suet. — 2. Ali- 
quam multus (of number or quantity) 
Considerable: GelL 

aliqu-ando, adv. [aliqu-is] Ol 
time past, future, or present: 1. At 
some time or other; formerly, hereafter, 
now, once: illucescet aliquando dies, 
Cic. : quis civis meliorum partium 
aliquando ?, id.: quasrere ea num vel e 
Philone vel ex ullo Academico audi- 
visset aliquando, id. — Particular 
pkrase: Si forte aliquando, or si 
aliquando, If at any time, if ever; 
or of a distant, but undefined, point 
of time : If once, at one time or one 
day: Ter.; Cic. — 2. Once; formerly, 
hereafter: quod sit in praasentia de 
honestate delibatum, virtute aliqu- 
ando et industrial recuperetur, Cic. — 

3. Sometimes, occasionally: sitne ali- 
quando mentiri boni viri? Cic. — 
Particular combination: Ali- 
quando . . . aliquando, At on& time 
. . . at another time; now . . . now, 
Quint. — 4. On this present occasion, 
for tJiis once, now: dicendum enim 
aliquando est, / must for once say it, 

Cic. — 5. At length, now: aliquando 
miseremini sociorum , Cic. — 6. Finally, 
at length, now, at last: utile esse te 
aliquando jam rem transigere, Cic. 

allquantil-lus, a, um, adj. dim. 
[for aliquantnl-lus ; f r. aliquantul-us] 
A very little : Plaut. 

aliquant-isper, adv. [aliquant- 
us] For a ichile, for some time : Plaut. 

allquant-o (-um), a<2v.[aliquant- 
us] 1. Considerably, not a little, rather, 
somew/iat: a. Of amount or degree : 
intra legem et quidem aliquanto, not 
a little, Cic. — b. Of time : quum in 
iisdem locis aliquanto ante (some lime 
before) fuisset, Cic. — 2. With compar- 
atives (the force depending on the 
context) : Much more or a little more ; 
some more : aliquanto plus, Cic. : carinas 
aliquanto planiores, Caes. 

aHquantul-um (and once, ali- 
quantul-o), adv. [aliquantul-us] A 
little, somewhat, some little: Cic. 

allquantu-lus, a, um, adj. [for 
aliquanto-lus ; fr. aliquantus, (un- 
contr. Gen.) aliquanto-i] Very little: 
numerus,Hirt. — As Subst. : aliquant- 
ulum, i, n. A very little, a very small 
amount, etc., of something : asrisalieni, 

all-quantus, a, um, adj. [ali-us ; 
quantus] Some, moderate, tolerable, 
considerable: timor, Sail.: spatium, 
Liv. — As Subst.: aliquantum, i, n. 
A little, somewhat of something : ali- 
quantum agri, Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

allqua-tenus, adv. [aliqua, Abl. 
of aliquis ; tenus] 1 . To a certain 
extent, in some measure, somewhat: 
Sen. — 2. In some measure, in some 
respects, partly : Quint. 

aH-qui, aliqua, aliquod (Gen. Sing., 
alicujus; Bat., alicui; Nom. Blur., 
aliqui, aliquaj, aliqua; — the Nom. 
Fern. Sing, and Neut. Blur, were ori- 
ginally aliquao) [ali-us; qui] indef. 
pron. adj.: 1. Some, any: si est aliqui 
sensus in morte praaclarorum virorum, 
etc., Cic: aliquaa vaccas, Yirg. — As 
Subst.: aliqua, 03, /. (sc. femina) 
Some tcoman or other : Ov. — 2. Some: 
hasc enim ille aliqua ex parte habebat, 
in some degree, Cic. — As Subst. in Neut. 
Blur.: Aliqua, Some, several: aliqua 
mutanda, aliqua etiam tacenda, Quint. 
— 3. With numerals: Some, about: tres 
aliqui aut quatuor, Cic. 

aliquid, adv. {Adverbial neut. ace. 
of aliquis] In some degree, to some 
extent, somewhat. 

ali-quis, aliquid; Gen. Sing., ali- 
cujus; Dat., alicui; Nom. Blur., aliqui 
(Bern. Sing., and Fern, and Neut. Blur. 
not used : the forms usu. supplied 
here, aliquaa, aliqua, properly belong 
to aliqui : — Abl. Sing. : aliqui, Plaut. 
— Dat. and Abl. Blur.: aliquis, PL) 
[ali-us ; quis] indef. pron. subst. : 
1. Some one, somebody, any one; some- 
thing : — Plur., Some, any, many: si 
modo est aliquis, Cic; aliquid mag- 
num, Virg.: (with unus to denote some 
one indefinite person) ad unum aliquem 
confngiebant» id. ; aliquis ex vobis, 
id. ; aliquis de tribus nobis, id. ; cum 

aliquibus principum, Liv. : (in neut, 
with Gen. of subst., or of adj. of 1st or 
2nd decl. = aliqui and subst.) aliquid 
pugnae = aliqua pugna, Plaut.: aliquid 
monstri = aliquid monstrum, Ter. : ali- 
quid falsi = aliquid falsum, Cic: (with 
plural verb) apcrite aliquis ostium, 
Ter.: (once with 2nd pers. sing.) ex» 
oriare aliquis, Virg. — As Adj.: aliqui 
labos, Ter. — 2. Some or any other; 
something or anything else: vellem ali- 
quid Antonio, praeter ilium libellum, 
libuisset scribere, Cic: aliud aliquid 
flagitii, Ter. — 3. Somebody or some- 
thing considerable, important, or great: 
aliquid assequi se putant, qui ostium 
Ponti viderunt, etc., Cic — Parti- 
cular phrases: a. Esse aliquem 
or aliquid, To be some one or something, 
i. e. to be of some icorth, value, or note; 
to be esteemed: Cic; Ov. — b. Dicere ali- 
quid, To say something of importance, 
to assert something not groundless, Ck.. 
— C. Fiet aliquid, Something of import- 
ance or great will come to pass or hap- 
pen: Plaut. 

aliquo, adv. [Adverbial Abl. 0} 
aliquis] 1. Somewhither, to some place, 
somewhere : aliquo exire, Cic. : aliqua 
terrarum, id. — 2. Somewliere else, to 
some other $ lace : aliquo concedeve, 

aH-qu5t, indef. num. adj. indecl. 
[ali-us ; quot] Some, several, a few, 
not many: epistolas, Cic. — As Subst.: 
Some persons, several persons : aliquot 
me adiere, Ter. <|f Hence, Fr. aliquole. 

aliquot-ies (-lens) , adv. [aliquot] 
Some, ceriam, or several times ; at dif- 
ferent times: causam agere, Cic t 

alis, v. alius. 

al-iter, adv. [al-is, v. alius m**.} 
1. : a. In another manner, otherwise: 
tu, si aliter existimas, nihil errabis, 
Cic: alitor, atque ostenderam, faeio, 
id. : alitor ac nos vellemus, id. : s?i aliter 
quippiam coacti faciant, quam libere, 
id. — P articular phrases and 
combinations: (a) With a nega- 
tive : In no other way or manner, not 
othe?'wise,just so, just as, etc : non fuit 
faciendum aliter, Cic. : neque Mord- 
aces aliter diffugiunt sollicitudines, 
Hor. — (b) Non aliter nisi, By no other 
means (on no other condition, not other- 
wise), except: Cic. — (c) Non (nee, ne) 
aliter, quam ut, On no other condition 
than that: Suet,— (d) Aliter esse = 
aliter se habere, To be different: Cic. ; 
Plaut.— (e) Aliter . . . aliter, Other* 
wise . . . otherwise ; in a different way 
. . . in a different way ; in one way . . . 
in another way: Cic— -(f) With alius, 
etc.: One in one way . . . another in. 
another way, etc ; here in this way . . . 
there in that way, etc. : Cic — b. (a) 
Otherwise; in the contrary manner: dis 
aliter visum, Virg.-— Par tic ular 
phrase: Qui aliter fecerint, etc., 
Who will not do that, Sail.-— (b) In a 
contrary direction: aliter curvantem 
brachia cancrum, Ov.— 2. In any other 
case, otherwise, else : jus enim semper 
est quassitum aaquabile : neque enim 
aliter esset jus, Cic. 

SMtus, a, um, P. of al-o. 




fill-tibl, adv. lali-us; ubi] Else- 
where.- PL — Particular combin- 
ations: 1 . Aliubi . . . aliubi, Here 
. . . there; in one place . . . in another: 
PL— 2. Aliubi atque aliubi : a. Here 
and there ; now here, now there : Sen. — 
b. In different places :■ Sen. 

alium, ii, n. allium. 

all-unde, adv. [ali-us; unde] From 
another person, place, or thing; from 
elseichere : aliunde mutuati sumus, 
Cic: aliis aliunde est periculum, Ter. 
— P articular phrase: Aliunde 
stare, aliunde sentire. To stand on one 
side, to have the feelings on the other 
side: Li v. 

al-Ius, a, ud {Gen. Sing, alius ; Bat. 
alii ; old form, Norn. Sing, alis, alid : 
Lucr. ; Cat.:— Bat. Masc. ali, Lucr.: — 
Fern. Gen. : Cic. ; Liv. : — Fein. Bat. 
alise, Plaut.), adj. [akin to aA-Aos] I. 
Prop.: A. Gen.: Another, other of 
many (whereas alter is one of two) : 
alius vir, Liv. : (folld. by AM., atque, 
ac, et, nisi, quam, or prceter, to express 
a comparison , etc.) neve putes alium 
gapiente bonoque beatum, Hor.: illi 
sunt alio ingenio, atque tu, Plaut. : 
alia, ac tu scripseras, nunciantur, 
CSic. : alia est solis et lychnorum lux, 
id. : quid est aliud gigantum more 
^ellare cum diis, nisi naturae repugn - 
are, id.: pinaster nihil aliud est, quam 
pinus sylvestris, PI. : nee quidquam 
aliud est philosophia praster studi- 
um sapientias, Cic. — Particular 
phrases and combinations : 1.: 
a. Nihil aliud nisi, Nothing more than, 
nothing further than: Cic. — b. Nihil 
aliud quam, Nothing else than ; nothing 
but, only, merely: Liv.— c. Quid aliud 
quam ? What other than ? What else 
than? Liv.— 2. In distributive clauses 
(several times repeated ; also inter- 
changed with nonnulli, quidam, parfc- 
im, etc.) The one . . . the other ; Plur.: 
Some . . , others: Cic; Liv.; Tac— 3. 
Aliud . . . aliud, One thing . . . another 
(or quite a different) tiling: Cic. — 4. 
Repeated in another case, or with 
alias, alit-er, alio, alibi, aliunde, etc., 
to point out what different persons 
respectively do, or how persons act at 
different times, under different cir- 
cumstances, etc: alius alium percont- 
amur, cuja est navis ? Plaut. : signa 
et ornamenta alia alio in loco intue- 
bantur, some in one place and, some in 
another, Cic. — 5. Alius ex alio, super 
alium, post alium, etc., One following 
upon, or after, another: Cic; Liv.; 
Sail. — 6. Alius atque alius or alius 
aliusque; also (in Sail.), alius deinde 
alius or alius post alius, The one and 
the other ; now this, now that ; various : 
eadem res saepe aut probatur aut 
rejicitur, alio atque alio elata verbo, 
Cic. — 7. With a negative and the 
comparative to enhance the idea : 
mulier, qua mulier alia nulla est pul- 
chrior, to whom %o other woman is 
superior in beauty, meaning, no other 
woman is so beautiful, Plaut. — B. 
E8p. j Of another nature, different: 
longo alia mini mens est, Sail. — 
Particnilar expressions: 1. 

Aliquem alium facere, etc., To make 
one entirely another, to transform one: 
Plant.— 2. Alius fieri, etc., To become 
another person ; to be changed, become 
different, etc.: Plaut.; Cic. — 3. In alia 
omnia ire, discedere, or transire {To 
go, etc., into all other things ; *. e.) 
To differ from the thing proposed ; to 
reject or oppose it ; to go over to the 
opposite side : Cic; Hirt. — II. Met- 
on.: A. The rest, the remainder: alia 
multitudo terga vertit, Liv.— B. Like 
alter: One of two ; the other, the second: 
huic fuerunt filii nati duo ; alium 
servus surripuit, etc., Plaut. — Also, 
with a proper name : ne quis alius 
Ariovistus regno G-alliarum potiretur, 
no second Ariovistus, Tac. 

alins-in5di [Adverbial Gen. of 
alius ; modus] adv. Of another kind : 

al-labor (ad"), apsus sum, abi, 
3. v. dep. [for ad-labor] To glide 
towards; to flow, glide up to, etc.: viro 
allapsa sagitta, Yirg. : {with Ace. de- 
pendent on prep, in verb) allabitur {sc. 
f ama) aures, id. : extrinsecus, Cic. 

al-labor o (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-laboro] I. To labour or 
toil much: ore allaborandum est tibi, 
Hor. II. To add to by labour : myrto 
nihil allabores, Hor. 

al-lacrimans (ad-; -ymans), 
antis [for- ad-lacrimans ; P. of obsol. 
al-lacrimo ; fr. ad ; lacrimo] Shedding 
tears, weeping : Juno allacrimans,Virg. 

1. allap°sus (adl-), a, um (for 
allab-sus), P. of allab-or. 

2. allap-sus (adl-), us, m. [for 
allab-sus; fr. allab-or] A gliding 1«; 
a stealthy approach : Hor. 

al-latro (ad-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ad-latro] I. Prop.: To bark 
at: Sext. Aur. Vict. II. Fig.: Of 
persons : To revile, rail at : Cato al- 
latrare Africani magnitudinem solitus 
erat, Liv. 

alla-tus (ad-) , a, um [ad ; root 
LA ; v. fero init.~],P. of affero. 

allauda-bllis (adl-), e, adj. [al- 
laud(a)-o] Worthy of praise : Plaut. 

al-laudo (ad-), no perf.nor sup., 
are, 1. v. a. [for ad-laudo] To praise 
greatly, to extol : Plaut. 

allec, v. alec. 

allec-to (adl-) avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. freq. [for allac-to ; fr. allac, true 
root of allic-io] To allure, entice : Cic. 

1. allec-tus (for alleg-tus), a, um, 
P. of 2. alleg-o. 

2. allec-tus (for allac-tus), a, um, 
P. of allic-io, through true root allac. 

3. Allectus, i,m. [1. allectus] {The 
chosen one) Allectus ; a Roman governor 
in Britain, who usurped the imperial 

allega-tio (adl-), 6nis, /. [1. al- 
leg(a)-o] A sending away, a dispatch- 
ing, a mission to any one : Cic. 

1. allega-tus, us, m. [id.] An in- 
stigating or instigation to deceit, etc.: 

2. allega-tus, a, um, P. of 1. alleg- 
(a)-o.— As Subst. : allegatus, i, m. 
A deputy, commissioner: Cic. 

1. al«lego (ad-), avi, atum, are, 

I. v. a. [for ad-lego] I. Prop. ; 7b 
send one to a person or thing with a 
commissiom or charge ; to dispatch on 
private business : te ad illos, Cic : 
homines nobiles iis, id. : {without Ob- 
ject) quum patrem allegando, Liv. 

II. Me ton. : A. To instigate or incite. 
any one to an act of deceit, etc. : hun<? 
senem, Ter. — B. To bring something 
before one in speech ; to relate, recount, 
mention: exemplum,PL: (with Object- 
ive clause) priorem se petitum ab Alex- 
andra allegat, Just. «j[ Hence, Fr. 

2. al-lSgo (ad-), egi, ectum, Tg- 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-lego] To select for 
one's self ; to choose; to choose for, or 
elect to, a thing, or into a corporation : 
aliquem in senatum, Suet. : augures 
de plebe, Liv.: {Impers. Pass.) alleg- 
itur, a choice is made, Cses. 

alleva-mentum,i,w. [allev(a)-o] 
An alleviation: Cic. 

alleva-tio (adl-), onis, /. [id.] 
An alleviating, assuaging, easing: Cic 

al-levo (ad-) avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ad-levo] I. Prop.: To lift 
up on high; to raise, set up: gelidos 
complexibus allevet artus, Ov. II. 
Fig.: A. To lighten, alleviate troubles; 
or referring to the person who suffers, 
to lift up, sustain, comfort, console: soll- 
icitudines, Cic: {Pass, with Gr. Ace.) 
allevor animum, Tac — B. To diminish 
the force or weight of a thing, to lessen 
or lighten: adversariorum confirm - 
atio allevatur, Cic. — C. To exalt, to 
make distinguished : Caesar eloquentia 
allevabatur, Flor. % Hence, Fr. aU 

allex or aJex=alec q. v. 

AUXa, se,f. The Allia; a little river 
11 miles northward from Rome, ren- 
dered memorable by the terrible defeat 
of the Romans by tlie Gauls in the year 
365 u.c\, xv. Ival. Sextil. (18 July), 
which day {hence called dies Alliensis) 
was considered ever after as a dies ne- 
fastus. — Hence, Alll-ensis, e, adj. 
Of, or pertaining to, the Allia, 

alUc-e-facio, no perf, turn, ere, 
3. v. a. [allic-io ; (e); facio] To allure: 
viros ad societatem imperii, Suet. 

al-licio (ad-), lexi, lectum, lic- 
gre, 3. v. a. [for ad-lacio] To allure; to 
entice or draw to one's self, etc., by 
alluring: officiis benevolentiam, Cic 

al-lido (ad-), isi, Isum, MSre, 3, 
v.a. [for ad-lajdo] I. P r o p. : To thrust^ 
strike, or dash one thing upon oi 
against another: pars {sc. remignm) 
ad scopulos allisa, Cees. II. Fig.: To 
wreck, make sliipwreck of, ruin, etc: in 
quibus {sc. damnationibus) allisus est-, 

Allifse, arum ; -a, as,/. Allifoe or 
Allifa; a town of Samnium. — Hence, 
Allif-anus, a, um, adj. Of, or belong- 
ing to, Allifoe; Allifan. — As Subst. : Al- 
lifana, drum, n. {sc. pocula) Brink- 
ing -clips made at Allifoe: Hor. 

al-Hgo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ad-ligo] I. To bwd to some- 
thing : cujus ad statuam Siculi allig- 
abantur, Cic. II,: A. Prop.: To 
bind, bind up, bind about, etc.: vulnua, 



Liv. B. F*i g. : To bind, to hold fast, 

to hinder, or detain; or, in a moral 

sense, to oblige or lay under obligation : 

beneficio alligari, Cic: (with Gen. of 

crime or charge) hie furti se alligat, 

i.e. shows himself guilty of, Ter. C, 

Met on.: To bind or make fast; to 

bind, fasten, fix; alligat (sc. naves) 

ancora, makes or holds fast,Yirg. : lac 

alligatum, curdled milk, Mart.-— P ar t- 

icular expression: At chess: 

Alligatus calculus, a piece that cannot 

be moved. Sen. ^ Hence, Fr. allier. 
al-llno (ad-), levi, lltum, Hnere, 

8. v. a. [for ad-lino] To besmear; to 

varnish or colour over: I. Prop. : 

schedam, PI. II. Fig. : nullse sordes 

Tidebantur his sententiis allini posse, 


alli-sus (ad-), a,um (for allid-sus) 
P. of allid-o. 

allium (all-), ii, n. Garlic :Yirg.; 
Plaut. U Hence, Fr. ail. 

Allobroges, urn,?». [Celtic word] ; aleret, Cic, 
(People of another land) The Allobrog- *--"— f — 
es; a warlike people in Gallia Narbon- 
ensis. — In Sing.: Allobrox, 5gis, 
m. One of the Allobroges: infidelis 
Allbbrox, Hor.: qui toties Ciceronem 
Allobroga dixit, Juv. 

allocu-tlo (ad-), onis,/. [for al- 
loqu-tio ; fr. alloqu-or] 1. A speaking 
to, an addressing : PL— 2. An address 
for consolation, consolation, comfort: 
Cat. % Hence, Fr. allocution. 

alloc-utus (for alloqu-utus) , P. of 

alloqu-Ium (ad-), tt, n. [for al- 
loqu-ium ; fr. alloqu-or] 1. A speaking 
to, addressing, etc.: Liv. — 2, Conver- 
sation: Luc. 

al-loquor (ad-), cutus sum, qui, 
3. v. dep. [for ad-loquor] I. Gen.: 
To speak to, address: quem nemo al- 
loqui vellet, Cic. II. Esp.: To speak 
to a person in order to comfort; to con- 
sole: afflictum, Sen. 

al-liibe-sco (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup.,£re, 3. v. n. inch, [for ad-lube-sco 

inundation ; Meton.) Law /. t.: Al- 
luvial land: Cic. % Hence, Fr. allu- 

Almo, onis, m. Almo. I. Prop.: 
The Almo; a stream flowing into the 
Tiber (now the Acquataccia) . II. Met- 
on.: A river-god, father of the nymph 

al-inus, a, um, adj. [al-o] I. 
Prop.: Nourishing, nutritious: Ceres, 
Virg. II. Fig.: Genial, refreshing, 
kind, propitious, indigent, beautiful, 
etc.: dies, Hor.: sacerdos, Prop. 

alnus, i, /. I. Prop.: The alder : 
Virg. II. Meton.: Any thing made 
of alder-wood : A. A ship, vessel: 
Virg. — B. A pale, post, etc. : Luc. *|[ 
Hence, Fr. aune. 

al-o, alui, alitum, and altum, 
alere [prob. akin to Gr. ak-Bia, " to 
cause to grow"] 3. v. a. I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: To nourish, support, sustain, 
| maintain : agellus ilium non satis 
B. Esp.: Pass, in re- 

Arcadia, unites with the Eurotas, then 
loses itself under ground, and appears 
again in Megalopolis. Its disappear- 
ance under ground gave occasion to the 
fable that it flows under the sea, and 
appearing again in Sicily, mingles with 
the waters of Arethusa. Hence it is 
personified as the lover of the nymph 
Arethusa. — Hence, Alph-eus, a, um, 
adj., 'AA^etos. Of, or pertaining to K 
the Alpheus : Alphese Pisa?, founded by 
a colony from Pisa, in El is, on the river 
Alpheus, Yirg. 

Alpicus, a, um, Alpis, is, v. 

al-sus (-sius), a, um, adj. [for 
alg-sus (-sius); fr. alg-eo] Chilly, cold, 
cool: alsia corpora, cold bodies, Lucr. 
— The form alsus only in the Comp. 
neut.: Antio nihil quietius, nihil al- 
sius, Cic. 

alt-aria, lum, n. [alt-um] {Things 
pertaining to the altum ; hence) I. 
Prop.: That ichich is placed upon the 

flexive force: To sustain or support ; altar (ara) for the burning of the vic- 
— «. „,^7. i0 i£ Ve . viperinis carnibus ; tim: structa3 diris altaribus ara3, Luc. 

one s 

ali, PI." II. Fig.: To cherish, nourish 
support, foster: hasc studia adolesc- 
entiam, Cic. HI. Meton.: Of: 
streams: To swell : amnis, imbres Quem j 
super notas aluere ripas, Hor. j 

aloe, es, /.,aA6rj. I. Prop.: The' 
aloe: PI. II. Fig.: Bitterness: Juv. \ 

Xloeus (trisyll.), £i and eos, m., 
'AAwevs (Thresher or Vintager). Al- 
oeus; a son of Neptune and Canace, hus- 
band of Iphimedia.— Hence, Alo-idse, 
arum, m., 'AAweiSau The sons of At- 
oeus, i. e. Otus and Ephialtes: Virg. 

Alpes, turn (sts. in the sing., Alp- 
is, is), /. [either akin to Celt. Alp, 
a height, eminence; or to Gr. aA<f)-6s, 
white'] (Hence, The high things ; or the 
white things) ,1. Prop.: The Alps; the 
high mountain range between Italy, 
Gallia, and Helvetia. — Hence, A. Alp- 
icus, a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, the Alps; Alpine. — AsSubst.: Alp- 
ici, orum (sc. incoke), The inhabitants 

f r. ad ; lube-o] To begin to please : Plaut. j of the Alpine regions.—^. Alpi-nus, 
al-luceo (adl-), xi, no sup., cere, ! a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, the 
2. v. n. and a. [for ad-luceo] I. Neut.. j Alps; Alpine: Sil. II. Meton.: A 

To shine : nisi aliquis igniculus allux- 
exit, Sen. II. Act.: To light up, to 
kindle : faculam, Plaut. 

allucinatio, allucinor, v. aluc. 

al-ludo (ad-) usi, usum, udSre, 
3. v.n. [for ad-ludo] I. Prop.: To 
play or sport with or at a thing ; to 
joke, jest; to do any thing sportively : 
nee plura (sc. dixit), alludens, Virg.: 
alludens copiose, Cic. II. Fig.: To 
sport or play with or upon : in allud- 
entibus undis, Ov.: mare terrain ap- 
petens litoribus alludit, i. e. dashes up- 
on, Cic. 

al-luo (adl-), iii, no sup., Gere, 3. 
v. a. [for ad-luo] To wash against, to 
floivnearto: I. Prop.: fluvius latera 
haec alluit, Cic. II. Fig.: barbarias 
fiuctibus alluitur (sc. Massilia), Cic. 

alluv-Ies (adl-),ei,/. [for allu- 
ies; fr. allu-o] A pool (occasioned by the 
overjiowing of the sea or a river) : Liv. 

alliiv-Io (adl-), onis, /. [for allu- 
io ; fr. alln-o3 (Prop 1 .: An 

high mountain. ^ Hence, Fr. Alpes; 
(adj.) Alpin. 

alpha, n. indecl.—aXj>a. I. Prop.: 
Alpha ; the name of the first letter of 
the Greek alphabet: Juv. II. M e t o n. : 
The first or chief in a thing: alpha 
paenulatorum, Mart. 

Alphelas, adis, /., 'AA^ias (The 
one belonging to Alpheus). The Alph- 
eiad; the nymph and fountain Areth- 
usa, which unites its waters with the 
river A Ipheus. 

AlpheVibcea, ee, /., 'AA^eatjSota 
(She that brings or yields oxen). Al- 
phesiboea ; a daughter of Phegeus, and 
wife of Alcmceon. 

AlphSsIboeus, i, m. 'AA^eo-t/Soio? 
(He that brings or yields oxen) Alphe- 
siboeus; the name of a herdsman, in 

Alpheus (-eios) (trisyll.), i, m., 
*A A^etds (The white or pellucid thing). 
Alpheus; the chief river of Pelopon 

II. Meton.: A high altar, an altar 
(on ichich sacrifices were offered only to 
the superior jods): en quatuor aras: 
Ecce duas tibi, Daphni, duas, altaria, 
Phcebo, high altars to Phcebvs, Virg, 
— Also of a single alcar : a cujus altar- 
ibus, Cic. ^[ Hence, Fr. autel. 

alt-e, adv. [alt-us] 1. On high, 
highly: a. Prop.: (Sup.) altissime 
volare, Suet. — fo. Fig.: animi altius 
se extulerunt, Cic. — 2. Deeply: a. 
P r o p.: caput abdidit alte, Virg. — b. 
Fig.: alte repetita, Cic. 

al-ter, tera, terum, adj. (Gen. Sing., 
usually, alterms; alterius, Ter. : — Dat, 
Sing. Fem., nlterze, Plant.; Ter.; Ncp.j 
[akin to al-ius] I. Prop. : One, ari- 
other; also the one, the other, of two 
huic alteraa patria quae sit, profecto 
nescio, Plant.: (with Gen.) alter con- 
silium, Liv.: hos libros alteros quin- 
que mittemus, these other five, Cic. — 
As Subsl.: Another person: nihil ai- 
terius causa facit, Cic. — P articular 
phrases or combinations: A. 
Alter ambove, One or both of two (often 
in the abbreviation : a. a. s. e. v. = 


| the mood and tense varying according 
to the construction of the context), 
Cic. — B. Alter . . . alter, The one . . . 
the other: Cic; Cass. — C. Unus et 
alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, 
etc.: 1. The one and the other; two: 
Cic; Suet.; Tac— 2. Of an indefinite 
number: One and another; this and 
that; several: Ter.; Cic; Hor.— D. 
Alteram tantum, Another so much; 
i. e. as much more or again, twice as 
much: Cic; Liv. — E. To mark the 
similarity of one object to another : 
Another, a second: Verres, alter Orcus, 
Cic— F. Alter ego or idem, Another, 
or second, self: Cic II. Meton.: 
A. The second, the next: fortunate 
puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, Virg. 
— B.: 1. Either of two, the one, or the 
other, of two, without a more precise 
designation : fortasse utrunaqiic, al- 

tiesus, It rises in tlie southern part of ; terum ce'rte, Cic. — 2. Once with a 



negative : Neither of two : hos nee in 
alter ius favorem inclinatos miser at 
rex, Liv.— G. Opposite: factio, Nep. 
If Hence, Fr. autre, autrui. 

alterea-tio, onis,/. [alterc(a)-or] 
1 . A strife or contest in words ; a dis- 
pute, debate: Cic. — 2. An altercation; 
a severe cross-examination in a court 
of justice : Cic. % Hence, Fr. alterca- 

alter-co, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
[alter] {To do something with another; 
hence, in bad sense) To wrangle, 
quarrel: cum patre altercasti, Ter. 

alter-cor, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[id.] (id.) I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To 
have a debate with any one, to dispute: 
and when it is conducted with passion, 
to wrangle, quarrel, eto.: altercari cum 
Vatinio incipit, Cass.: mulierum ritu 
inter nos altercantes, Liv. B. Esp.: 
To cress-question in a court of justice : 
Cic. II. Fig.: To contend, struggle 
with: altercante libidinibus pavore, 

altern»o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
and n. [altern-us] To do any thing by 
turns, to interchange with something, to 
alternate: I. Act.: "v'ces, Ov. II. 
Neut. : alternantes prcelia miscent, 
Virg. «|f Hence, Fr. alterner. 

alter-nus, a, urn, adj. [alter] 
{Pertaining to alter ; hence) I. Gen.: 
One after another, by turns, alternate, 
reciprocal, interchangeable : alterno 
pede terrain quatiunt, Hor. — Ad- 
verbial A b 1. : Alternis, A Iternately x 
Virg. — In the Roman courts of law 
the accused, and afterwards the ac- 
cuser, could by turns reject the judges 
appointed by the prsetor ; hence, the 
expression : alterna consilia, alternos 
indices, etc., rejicere, Cic. II. Esp.: 
Of verses : Interchanging {between hexa- 
meters and pentameters) ; elegiac: Cic; 
Ov. "If Hence, Fr. alt erne. 

alter-titer, alterutra (more freq. 
than altera utra), alterutrum (more 
freq. than alteram utrum), adj. (and 
so in the Oblique Cases alterutrius, 
alterutri, etc.) One of two, the one or 
the other, either: alterutrum velox 
victoria fronde coronet, Hor.: alter- 
iusutrius partes, Cic. 

Althsea, ae,/., 'AAdaia (Healer;— 
also, as an appellative, The marsh- 
mallow). Althcea; a daughter of Thest- 
ius, wife of CEneus, king of Galydon, 
and mother of Me [eager. 

alt-i-cinctus, a,um, adj. [alt-us; 
(i) ; cinctus] {High-girded; hence) 
Active, busy: Phaed. 

alt-ilis, e, adj. [alo, {Sup.) alt- 
urn] 1. Nourished, fattened, esp. of 
domestic animals: boves, Yar. — As 
Subst.: altilis, is,/, (.sc. avis) A fat- 
tened bird, esp. a fowl: satur altilium, 
Hor.— 2. Well-fed, fat, full, large: 
gallina, PI. 

alt-i-son-us, a, urn, adj. [alt-us ; 
(i) ; son-o] I. Pro p.: High-sounding, 
sounding from on high: cardo, Enn. 
II. Fig.: High-sounding, sublime : 
Maro ; Juv. 

aIt*i-tosians, antis, adj. [alb-us; 
(i); tonans] I. Prop.: Thundering on 

high: Juppiter, Enn. II. Me ton. : 
Of wind : Loud-roaring : Lucr. 

alt-ittldo, inis, /. [alt-us] {The 
quality of the altus ; hence) 1. Height, 
loftiness, altitude: a. Prop.: sedium, 
Cic. —to. Fig. : orationis, Cic.' — 2. : 
a. Prop.: Depth: spelunca infinita 
altitudine, Cic. — to. Fig.: Of mind, 
etc. : Depth, impenstrability , reserve: 
animi, Cic. % Hence, Fr. altitude. 

altms-culus, a, urn, adj. dim. 
[for altior-culus ; fr. altior, Comp. of 
altus] Bather high : calceamenta alt- 
iuscula, Suet. 

alt-I-volans, antis, adj. [alt-us; 
(i) ; volans] Flying high, soaring : solis 
rota . . . Altivolans, Lucr. — As Subst. : 
altivolans, antis, /. {sc. avis) A 
bird : Enn. 

al"tox", oris, m. [al-o] {The accom- 
plisher of nourishing ; hence) Anour- 
isher, sustainer : Cic. , 

altri-n-secus, adv. [for alteri-n- 
secus ; f r. alter, alteri-us ; (n) ; secus] 
At or on the other side: quin retines 
altrinsecus? Plaut. 

al-trix, icis, /. [al-o] I. Gen.: 
{The female accomplisher of nourishing ; 
hence) A female nourisher, cherisher, 
or sustainer : Cic. II. E s p. : A nurse : 

altr-ovorsum (contr. altr-o- 
rsus), adv. [for alter-o-vorsum ; fr. 
alter, alter-ius ; (o) ; vorsum] adv. 
On the other side: Plaut. 
altHHi, i, v. altus. 
al-tus, a, urn : I. P. of al-o. II. 
Pa. {Grown or become great by nourish- 
ing, support, care, etc. ; hence) A. 
Seen from below: 1. Prop.: High: 
alti montes, Virg.: (with Ace. or Gen. 
of measure) clausi lateribus pedem 
altis, Sail.: alta no vein pedum, Col. — 
K& Subst.: altum, i, n.\ a. Gen.: A 
high place, a height: Cic. — b. Esp.: 
The height of heaven, the high heaven: 
Virg.— 2. Fig.: a. High, lofty: {Sup.) 
altissimus dignitatis gradus, Cic. — 
b. Mentally : Elevated, lofty, magnan- 
imous, high-minded, sublime, etc. : 
{Comp.) qui altiore animo sunt, Cic. 
— C. In rank, etc.: Lofty, great, noble, 
august, etc. : rex oetheris altus Jupiter, 
Virg. — d. Of the voice, etc. High, 
loud, shrill, clear: Cat. — e. Of the 
countenance : Proud, stern, disdain- 
ful : judex Eejecit alto dona nocent- 
ium Vultu, Hor. — B. Seen from 
above: 1. Prop.: Deep, profound : 
gurgite in alto, Virg.: radices, Cic. — 
As Subst. : altum, i, n.: a. Gen. : 
Depth, the interior : ex alto dissimulare, 
Ov.— Particul ar phrase: Of dis- 
course : Ex alto repetere, or petere, 
To bring from far (in Part. Perf., Far- 
fetched) \ Cic; Virg.— b. Esp.: (a) 
The deep, the main, the open sea: navi- 
bus aditus ex alto est, Cic — (b) Of a 
river : The deep part : quum in altum 
raperewtur {sc. elephanti), Liv. — 2. 
Fig.: Deep, profound: quies, Virg.: 
artes, Quint. — 3. Met on.: Ancient, 
old, remote, venerable: genus alto a 
sanguine Teucri, Virg. «f Hence, Fr. 
alu-clnox' (all- > 4iall-),atus sum, 

ari, 1. V. dep. [prob. akin to aKv-vc^ 
dAv-ar/cw] To wander in mind, to drear& % 
talk idly, rave : quae Epicurus oscitans 
alucinatus est, Cic. 

al»umna, ee, f. [al-o] 1. Pass. 
{She that is nourished, etc; hence) A 
nursling; a foster-daughter ov -child: 
Plaut. — 2. Act. {She who nourishes^ 
etc.; hence) A nourisher, supporter: 
alumna urbis Ostia, Flor. 

al-unmus, i, m. [id.] {He that is 
nourished; hence) 1. Of persons: A 
nursling ; a foster-son, or -child : a. 
Prop. : quid voveat dulci nutricula 
majus alumno, Hor.— b. Fig.: pacis, 
Cic. : Platonis alumni, i. e. disciples of, 
id. — 2. Of animals, etc.: A suckling, 
etc.: Hor. 

Aluntium (Hal-), i, n. 'A\ovw 
nov, 'AXovtiov, Aluntium or Halunt- 
ium; a town of Sicily (prps. now 
S. Marco). — Hence, Alunt-Iims 
(Hal-), a, um, adj. Of Aluntium.— 
As Subst. : Aluntini (Hal-), drum, 
m. {sc. cives) The inhabitants of Alunt- 

aliita, ee,f. [etym. dub.] I. Prop.: 
A luta ; a description of leather, softened 
by means of alum : Cass. II, M e t o n. : 
Of things made of aluta : A. A shoe : 
rupta, Mart. — B. A. purse or pouch : 
tumida superbus aluta, Juv. — C. A 
patch {put on the face for ornament) : 

alve-armm, il,n. (-re, is) [alve- 
us] {A thing pertaining to an alveus ; 
hence) I. Prop.: A bee-hive: seu lento 
fuerint alvearia vimine texta, Virg. 
II. M eton. : A bee-house, an apiary: 
Var. ff Hence, Fr. alvdolaire. 

alveo-lus, i, m. dim. [alveus, («»- 
contr. Gen.) alveo-i] {A little alveus; 
hence) 1, A little tray, trough, or tub : 
Liv.— 2. A pad, bucket, or watering- 
tub of wood: Phaed.— 3. A wooden dish 
or platter : Juv. — 4. A hollow gaming- 
board: Cic. — 5. A small channel of a 
river: Curt. *f Hence, Fr. alveole. 

alv-eus, i, m. [alv-us] (Prop.: A 
thing pertaining to or resembling an 
alvus ; Meton.) 1. A hollow, cavity, ex- 
cavation : ilicis, Virg. — 2. A trough 
or tray: fiuitans alveus, Liv. — 3.: a. 
The hold or hull of a ship ; navium, 
Sail. — b. A small ship, boat, or bark: 
accipit alveo iEneam, Virg. — 4. A 
hollowed gaming-board: lusorius, PL 
— 5.: a. A hive: apes alveo se contin- 
ent, PI. — b. A hive, i. e. a swarm of 
bees: alvei apium emoriuntur, PL — 
6.: a. A hot-water bath {usually of 
marble, sunk in the floor of the bath- 
room, having a step at the bottom, which 
the bathe) could use as a seat) : in bal- 
neum venit . . . ut in alveum descend- 
eret, etc., Auct. Her. — b. A bathing- 
tub : alveus fagineus tepidis impletur 
aquis, Ov. — 7. The bed of a river, a 
channel: fluminis, Virg. 

alvus, i,/. (anciently also m.) [ace. 
to some, al-o ; and so, the nourishing 
thing; — ace. to others, akin to vulva, 
Sanscrit, ulva, "the womb"] 1.: a. 
Prop.: The belly, the abdomen: purg- 
atio alvi, Cic. — b. Meton.: (a) {a) 
Excrement \ ordure; Cels.— (/3) Flux, 



diarrhcea.~(b) The stomach, the digest- 
ive organs: Cic — (c) A bee-hive: Var. 
— 2. The womb: Cic 

Alyattes, is or ei, m. Alyatte-s; 
king of Lydia, father of Croesus : Hor. 
Alymon, onis, in. Alymon; the 
father of Iphimedia. 
am, v. ambi. 

ama-bilis, e, adj. [am(a)-o] That 
deserves to be loved, worthy of love, 
lovely : Of persons or things : filiola 
tua amabilis, Cic: (Comp.) amabilior 
mihi Velia fuit, id.: (Sup.) amabiliss- 
imiim nodum amicitias tollere, id. ^[ 
Hence, Fr. aimable. 

amabll-itas, atis,/. [amabil-is] 
(The quality of the amabilis; hence) 
Amiableness, amiability, loveliness : 
Plaut. «[ Hence, Fr. amabiliti, 

amablMter, adv. [id.] 1. In a 
lovely manner, pleasantly, delightfully: 
lusit amabiliter, Hor. — 2. Lovingly, 
amicably: (Comp.) amabilius, Ov. 

Xmalthea, ee,f. , 'AfidXdeia. Amal- 
thea: 1. A nymph, daughter of Melis- 
sus, king of Crete, who fed Jupiter with 
goafs milk ; — or, ace. to some, the name 
of the goat itself, one of whose horns, 
accidentally broken off, was placed 
among the stars as the Cornu Amaltheee, 
or Cornu Copias, from which nectar and 
ambrosia were said to flow : Cic. — 2. Tlie 
name of the Cumoean Sibyl: Tib. 

amanda-tlo, onis,/. [amand(a) -o] 
A sending away, removing : Cic. 

a-mando. : avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
(To bid one go away; hence) To send 
away, to remove, commonly with the 
access, notion of contempt, scorn, etc. 
amandat hominem, Cic. 

ama-ns, ntis, 1. P. of am(a)-o. — 
2. Pa.: a. Prop.: Of living beings: 
(a) Fond, loving, kindly disposed to: 
(With Gen.) cives am antes patriae, 
Cic: (Sup.) ad nos amantissimos tui 
veni, id. — As Subst. : comm. gen.: A 
lover: amantium ira3 amoris integr- 
ate est, Ter. — (b) Fond of, desiring, 
etc : cruoris, Ov. — b. Fig.: Of things: 
Friendly, affectionate : (Comp.) nomen 
amantius, Cic. % Hence, Fr. amant. 
axnan-ter, adv. [for amant-ter ; 
fr. amans, amant-is] Lovingly : Cic. : 
(Comp.) amantius, Tac: (Sup.) amant- 
is;ime, Cic. 

Xmantia , se , /. A man Ha ; a mari- 
time townoflllyria (prps. now Nivitza). 
—Hence, Amanti-ani, drum, m. 
The people of Amantia* 

a-inanii-ensis, is, m. [a ; manus 
(uncontr. Gen.) manu-is] (One who 
is at one's hand ; hence) A secretary, 
amanuensis: Suet. % Hence, Fr. a- 

Xmanus, i, m. Amanus; a mount- 
ain range between Syria and Cilicia. — 
Hence, Amaniense^, lum, m. The 
inhabitants of Mount Amanus. 

amarac-imus, a, um, adj. [am- 
arac-us] Of, or pertaining to, marjor- 
am : oleum, PI. — As Subst. : amarae- 
iimm, i, n. (sc. nnguentum) Marjor- 
am ointment: Lucr. 

amaracus, i, comm. gen., -um, 

f;«r.s=akapoko?, -ov. Marjoram: Cat. 


amarantus, i, m. — a/xapavros 
(unfading). Amaranth: Ov, f Hence, 
Fr. aniaranthe. 

amar-e, adv. [amar-us] Bitterly: 
Plaut. : (Comp.) amarius, Macr. : 
(Sup.) amarissime, Suet. 

amar-ities, ei, /. [id.] (The qual- 
ity of the ainarus ; hence) Bitterness : 

amar-itudo, mis, /. [id.] (Tlie 
quality of the amarus; hence) I. 
Pro p. : Bitterness : Var. II. Fig.: A. 
Bitterness, acrimoniousness, offensive- 
ness: PI. — B. Of voice: Harshness : 
Quint, f Hence, Fr. amertume. 

amar-or, oris, m. [id.] (A being 
amarus; hence) Bitterness: Virg* 

amarus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.] 
I. Pro p.: Bitter in flavour: salices, 
Virg. II. Fig. : A. Calamitous, un- 
pleasant, sad : casus, Ov.: (Sup.) am- 
arissimse leges necessitatis, Val. Max. 
— As Subst.: amara,6rum, n. Bitter- 
nesses, bitter things: curarum, Hor. — 
B. Bitter, biting, acrimonious, sarcastic, 
caustic, severe: dicta, Ov. — C. Morose, 
ill-natured, sour, irritable: (Comp.) 
amariorem me senectus facit, Cic. — 
D. Inveterate, implacable : hostis,Virg. 
III. Me ton. : A. Of sound: Rough, 
sharp, shrill: sonitus, Stat. — B. Of 
smell : Disagreeable, odious : fructus 
amarus odore, PI. % Hence, Fr. amer. 
Xmaryllis, Mis,/. Amaryllis; a 
girl's name. 

Amaserras, i, m. Amasenus ; a 
river of Latium (now Toppia, or Flume 
delV Abbazia). 

ama-slns, ii, m. [am(a)-o] (The 
loving or loved one; hence) A lover, 
suitor, sweetheart : Plaut. 

Amastris, is,/. , v Afxa crrpi?. A ma- 
stris; a town of Paphlagonia (now 
A7nasse? , o).— Hence,Amastr-jtacus, 
a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Ama- 

Xmat-a, as, /. [amat-us] (Loved 
one; darling) Amata; the wife of King 

Xmathus,untis,/.,'A/xai9o{)? (Ace. 
Gr. Amathunta, Ov.). Amathus; a 
town of Cyprus (now Limisso). — Hence, 
1. Amathus-Ia, ffi, /. The goddess 
of Amathus, i. e. Venus. — 2. Ama- 
tlms-Iacus, a, um, adj. Of Amathus. 
ama-tio, onis, /. [am(a)-o] (A 
loving; hence) An amour, love-in- 
trigue: Plaut. 

ama-tor, oris, m. [id.] (The ac- 
complished' of loving; hence) 1. A 
lover, friend: vir bonus amatorque 
noster, Cic. — 2. A paramour: aliud 
est amatorem esse, aliud amantem, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. amateur. 

amator-culus, i, m. dim. [ama- 
tor] A little lover : Plaut. 

amatori-e, adv. [amatori-us] 
Amorously: Cic. 

aniator-Ius, a, um, adj. [amator] 
(Pertaining to an amator ; hence) 
Amorous, amatory: voluptas, Cic. 

ama-trix, icis,/. [am(a)-o] (A fe- 
male accomplisher of loving ; hence) A 
female lover: Mart.— As Adj.'. Amor- 
ous : amatrices aqua?, Mart. 

ama-tus, a, um, P. of am(a)-o. 

Amazones, um, f. [ace. to an 
etym. fancy a-^a&s, "without 
breast ; " but really a Scythian word] 

I. Prop. : Amazons; a community of 
warlike women who dwelt on the River 
Thermodon.— Sing. : Amazon, 5nis, 
/. One of the Amazons; an Amazon ; 
Virg.— Hence, A. Amazon-icus, a, 
um, adj. A mazonian.—'B. Amazon- 
is, idis,/. An Amazon.— C. Amaz- 
Oll-Ius, a, um, adj. Amazonian. XL 
Me ton.: Sing.: Aheroint"><~ love: Ov. 

amb, v. ambi. 

ambactus, i, m. [from Celtic 
andbaht, servant] A vassal, dependant: 

amb-adedo, edi, no sup., ere, 3. 
v. a. To eat or gnaw around, to eat up 
entirely: Plaut. 

amb-ag-es, is, /. (found only in 
Abl. Sing.; but complete in Plur.:— 
Gen. ambagum)[amb; ag-o] I. P r o p.: 
A going around, a roundabout way: 
dolos tecti ambagesque resolvit, Virg. 

II. Fig. : Of speech: A. Digression, 
circumlocution, evasion: missis amb* 
agibus, without circumlocution, Hor. — 
B. Obscurity, ambiguity, intricacy, ea 
ambage, Tac: per ambages, ma secret 
or mysterious manner, Liv. 

Ambarri, orum, m. Tlie Ambar- 
ri; a people of Gaul. 

amb-edo, edi, esum, SdSre (Part, 
Prves. ambens, Lucr.), 3. v. a. : I. 
Prop. : To eat or gnaw around : amb- 
esas absumere mensas, Virg. II, 
Meton. : To consume, devour, etc.; 
robora ambesa flammis, Virg. 

ambens, v. ambedo, init. 

ambe-sus, a, um (for ambed-sus) 
P. of ambed-o. 

ambi (abbrev. amb, am, an), 
prcep. [dtA<j)L, Dor. d/j-iri] Around^ 
round about; used only in composi- 
tion : 1. Before vowels : mostly amb: 
ambages, ambedo, ambigo, amburo 
— but, ames, amicio, Amiternum, an< 
helo ; once amp: ampulla. — 2. Before 
consonants : am • amplector, amseg- 
etes, amsanctus (also ampsanctus) ;— 
an: anceps, ancisua, anquiro. 

Amblbari, orum, m. Tlie Ambi- 
bari; a people of Gallia (Armorica). 

Am'bigatus, i, m. Ambigatus ; an 
ancient king of the Celts in Gaul. 

amb-igo, no perf. nor sup., TgSre, 
3. v. a. and n. [for amb-ago] I. 
Prop. : To go about or around: amb- 
igens patriam, Tac. II. Fig.: A. 
Acfc. : To doubt a thing ; to be in doubt 
ox hesitation about a thing : quod (sc. 
ju-s) ambigitur inter peri tissimos, Cic: 
(with Objective clause) ne quisambigat 
cuncta regno viliora habere (sc. eum), 
Tac. — B. Neut.: 1. To waver, doubt, 
hesitate, be undecided: quum de regno 
ambigerent, Just. — 2. To argue, de- 
bate: de vero, Cic. — 3. To contend, dis- 
pute, wrangle, etc: defundo, Cic. 

ambigu^e^ii-y, [ambigu-us] Amb' 
iguously, doubtfully: Cic. 

ambigu-Xtas, atis,/. [id.] (The 
quality of the ambiguus ; hence) Amb- 
iguity, equivocalness, double mmningt 
% Hence, Fr. ambiguitd. 



anibXg-iins, a, urn, adj. [ambig-o] 
(Going round; henoe) 1. Wavering, 
uncertain: favor, Liv. — 2. : a. Gen.: 

Uncertain, doubtful: haud ambiguus 
rex, Liv.: (with Gen., or Gerund in 
di) futuri, Tac. : imperandi, id. — As 
Subst.: ambiguum, i, n. Doubt, un 
certainty} Hor. — b. Esp.; (a) Of 
speech : Obscure, dark, ambiguous: 
oracula, Cic— As Subst. : ambigu- 
um, i, n. An obscure, dark saying : 
Cic. — (b) Of moral conduct : Uncer- 
tain, not to be relied on, doubtful: esse 
ambigua fide, Liv. — (c) Of fortune : 
Fickle, fluctuating : Tac. Tf Hence, Fr. 

Ambiliati (-ialiti), orum, m. The 
Ambiliati ; a people of Gaul. 

1. amb«Io, ivi or ii, Itum, Ire, 4. 
v. n. and a. (although a compound of 
eo, it is regularly conjugated through- 
out ; hence, Part. Perf. ambitus ; in the 
Imperf., however, together withamb- 
iebat, we find ambibat, Ov.) I. : A. 
Prop.: 1 , Gen.: To go round or about 
a thing: ambibat f undamina terras,0 v. 
—2. Esp.: Polit. 1. 1. : a. To canvass 
persons for votes : (a) Act.: singulos 
ex senatu, Sail. — (b) Neut.: petamus, 
ambiamus, Cic. — b. To canvass for an 
office: magistratum siDi, Plaut. B. 
Fig.: To ask, entreat, solicit, court a 
person; to strive for, seek to gain a 
thing : amicos, Ter. : te prece, Hor. 
II.: A. Prop.: To surround, encircle, 
encompass: ambitas litora terras, Ov. 
B. Fig.: Pass, in l-eflexive force : To 
surround one's self: plurimis nuptiis 
ambiuntur, Tac. 

Ambiorix, Tgis, m. Ambiorix; a 
chief of the Eburones, in Gaul. 

amM-tio, onis,/. [ambi-o] 1. Of 
candidates for office : A canvassing for 
votes in a lawful manner: Cic. — 2.: 
a. A striving for one's favour ov good- 
will ; an excessive desire to please ; great 
attention or courtesy ; flattering behavi- 
our: ambitione relegata, without flat- 
tery, Hor. — b. A desire or longing for 
honour, etc., from others ; ambition, 
vanity: Hor.— c. Exertion, effort: Just, 
«if Hence, Fr. ambition. 

ambitio s-e, adv. [ambitios-us] 
(In the manner of the ambitiosus; 
hence) Ambitiously ^ostentatiously, etc.: 
Cic: (Comp.) ambitiosius, id,: (Sup.) 
ambitiosissime, Quint. 

ambltl-osus, a, um, adj. [for am- 
bition-osus ; fr. ambitio, ambition-is] 
(Full of ambitio; hence) 1. : a. 
Prop.: Going round, surrounding; 
hence : (a) Of plants, etc. Entwining, 
clasping: (Comp.) lascivis hederis 
ambitiosior, Hor. — (b) Of a river: 
Winding, with many windings : amnis, 
PL — 1). Fig.: Of oratorical ornament: 
Excessive, superfluous: ambitiosa re- 
cidet Ornamenta, Hor. — 2.: a. Seeking 
for or desirous of favour ; trying to in- 
gratiate one's self: pro nato casrula 
mater Ambitiosa, v.— b. Condescend- 
ing, submissive: Suet. — 3. : a. Act. : 
(a) Prop.: Of persons : Desirous of 
honour, ambitious: Cic. — (b) Fig.: 
Vain, vainglorious, ostentatious : Cic. ; 
Iac.-*b. Pass.: That is solicited, or ! 

much sought; honoured, admired: turba 
coelestes ambitiosa sumus, Ov. — 4. 
Eager, urgent: preces, Tac. % Hence 
Fr. ambitieux. 

L ambi-tus, a, um, P. of ambi-o. 

2. amb-i-tus, us, m. [amb ; i, root 
of e-oj 1. : a. Prop. : A going or 
moving round; a revolution: aquas per 
agros, Hor.— b. Fig.: Of speech: 
Circumlocution : Liv. — c. Meton.: 
(a) A circuit, circle, circumference, 
border: castra lato ambitu, Tac. — (b) 
The open space left round a house : 
Var,— (c) Rhet, t.t.: A period: verb- 
orum, Cic. — (d) Desire of display, os- 
tentation, vanity, shoio, parade: Sen. — 
(e) Of style : Bombast, parade: Quint. 
— 2. A suing for office, canvassing for 
votes, esp. with bribery or other un- 
lawful means ; prohibited by very 
severe laws : Cic. 

Ambivareti, orum, m. The Am- 
bivareti ; a people of Gaul. 

Ambivariti, drum, m. The Am- 
bivariti ; a people of Gaul. 

Ambivius, li, m. Ambivius; an 
actor in the time of Terence. 

ambo, bas, bo, num. adj. (Ace. 
Plur. orig. ambo : ambo for ambas, 
Plaut.) [aju.</>w] I. Prop.: Both; used 
of two persons, efo.,who do, etc., some- 
thing conjointly or at the same time : 
Cassar atque Pompeius . . . diversa 
sibi ambo consilia capiunt, Cass. II. 
Meton.: Two : partes ubi se via find- 
it in ambas, Virg. 

Ambraela, se,/., 'AfxppaicCa. Am- 
bracia ; a town in the south of Epirus, 
upon the gulf of the same name (now 
Arta or Larta). — Hence, 1. Ambrao 
lensis, e, adj. Ambracian. — As 
Subst.: Ambracienses, rum,m. (sc. 
incolas) The inhabitants of Ambracia. 
—2. Ambrac-iotes, as, m. An 
Ambraciot. — As Adj.'. Ambraciot: vin- 
um, PL— 3. Ambracifus, a, um, 
adj. Ambracian. 

Ambrones, um,m. The Ambrones; 
a tribe of the Cimbri. 

ambrosia, as, /. — d/x£pocn'a (Im- 
mortality). Ambrosia. I. Prop. : 
The food of the gods : non enim am- 
brosia Deos aut nectare lastari arbi- 
tror, Cic. II. Meton.: An unguent 
of the gods : ambrosia cum dulci 
nectare mixta Contigit os, Ov. % 
Hence, Fr. (old) ambroise, (mod.) 

ambrosius, a, um, adj.=a { i^p6<r- 
ios (Immortal, divine; hence) Lovely, 
pleasant, sweet, etc.: comas, Virg. 

ambubaia (quadrisyll.), as, /. [a 
Syriac word=tibias] Syrian girls (in 
Rome, who were ftide-players and danc- 
ers): Hor. 

ambula-crum, i, n. [ambul(a)- 
o] (That which serves for walking; 
hence) a walk near a house : Plaut.. 
TT Hence, Fr. ambulacre. 

ambiila-tlo, onis, /. [id.] I. 
Prop.: A walking about, a walk : Cic. 
II. Meton.: A walk, i. e. a place 
for icalking ; a promenade : Var. 

ambiilatlun-cula, as, dim. f. 
[for ambulation-cula; for ainbulatio, 
ambula'tion-is] 1» A short wdlk: Cic. 

— 2. A small place for walking: 


ambula-tor, oris, m. [ambul(a)« 
o] (One who walks about; hence) 1, 
An idler, lounger : Cato. — 2. A hawker, 
pedlar : Mart. 

ambulator-Ins, a, um, adj. [am- 
bulator] (Pertaining to an ambulator ; 
hence) Moveable : turres, Hirt. % 
Hence, Fr. ambulatoire. 

ambulo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
[dju7roAa> = di/aTroAw] I. Prop. : Togo 
backwards and forwards ox up and 
doivn: Plaut. II. Meton.: A. To 
walk, to walk about, to take a walk : 
quum in sole ambulem, Cic. — B. To 
go, to travel on foot, in carriages, etc.: 
eo modo Cassar ambulat, ut, etc. : Cic. 

— Particular expressions: 1. 
Bene ambula, A good journey to you, 
farewell: Plaut. — 2. Ambulare in jus, 
To go into court: Plaut. —3. With 
mare, viam, etc.: To navigate, sail, tra- 
verse, etc.: Cic; Ov.; PI.— C. To strut 
about: licet superbus ambules pecunia, 
Hor. III. Fig.: Of inanimate things : 
To walk, etc: Nilus, PL «f Hence, 
Fr. (old) ambuler. 

amb-urOj ussi, ustum, urgre, 3. 
v. a. (mostly inPa?^. Perf.) I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: To burn round, to scorch: 
ambustus incendio, Cic B. Esp.: 
With accessory notion of complete- 
ness, To burn up wholly, to consume: 
Phaethon, Hor. II. Meton.: To in- 
jure or nip by cold ; to benumb : am- 
busti multorum artus vi f rigoris, Tac 
III. Fig.: Part. Pass. A. Scorched, 
injured, damaged: ambustas fortun- 
arum reliquias, Cic. — B. Burnt up, 
destroyed : damnatione ambustus, Liv. 

ambus-tus (foramburtus), a, um, 
P. of ambur-o. 

amellus, i, m. Purple Italian star* 
wort: Virg. 

Amenanus, i, m. 'A/xei/dyo?. The 
Amenanus ; a river of Sicily (now 
Gindicello). —Hence, Amenan-ns, a, 
ran, adj. Of the Amenanus. 

a-mens, entis, adj. (Out of mens ; 
hence) 1. Out of one's senses; mad, 
frantic, distracted : (Comp.) indies 
amen tior, Suet. : (Sup.) homo ament- 
issimus, Cic: (with Gen.) animi, 
Virg. — 2. Foolish, stupid: homo, Cic. 

ament-Ia, as, /. [aniens, ament- 
is] (The quality of the am ens; hence) 
1. Want of reason, madness, senseless- 
ness: Cic; Liv.— 2. Folly: Hor. \ 
Hence, Fr. (old) amence. 

ament-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[ament-um] I. Prop. : To furnish a 
lance, etc, with a thong ov strap : hastas 
amentatas. II. Meton.: A. To hurl 
or dart a lance by means of a thong : 
jaculum, Luc. — B. Of the wind : T« 
give an impetus : amentante No to, Sil. 

a-mentum, i, n. [for ag-mentum ; 
fr. ag-o] (That which puts in motion; 
hence) I. Prop.: A leathern thong, 
attached to the middle of a spear or 
lance, in order to give assistance in 
throwing it: Cass. II, Meton.: A 
shoe-tie: PI. 

Xmerla, as, /., 'A^epia. Ameria, 
an a-nctent town of Um'bfia (now A* 



metia).— Hence, AmSrmus, a, um, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, Ameria. 

am-e-s, Ms, prob. m. [for am-i- 
(t)-s; fr. am; I, root of eo] (That 
which goes round; hence) A pole for 
spreading bird-nets : amite tendit 
retia, Hor. 

amethyst-mus, a, um, adj. 
[amethyst-us)(Pertaining to amethyst- 
us; hence) 1. Of the colour of amethyst : 
vestes, Mart. — As Subst.: amethyst- 
ina, orum, n. (sc. vestimenta) Ameth- 
yst-coloured garments: Juv. — 2. Set or 
adorned with amethyst: trientes, Mart. 
•J" Hence, Fr. amdthystin. 

amSthystus, i, /. = dfi46v<rro^ 
(without intoxication) The amethyst: 
PI. f Hence, Fr. amdthyste. 
amfractus, v. anfr. 
am-Ica, »,/. [am-o] (A loved one; 
hence) A female friend: Ter. *|f 
Hence, Fr. amie. 

amic-e, adv. [1. amic-us] In a 
friendly manner; Cic: (Sup.) amic- 
issime, Caes. 

am-iclo, Xciii or ixi, ictum, Ire 
(Fut. Pass., amicibor, Plaut.), 4. v. a. 
[for am-jacio] I. Prop.: (Gen.: To 
throw around, to wrap about; Esp.) 
With Personal pron., or Pass, in re- 
flexive force : To put or throw one's 
garments, etc., about one's self; to 
clothe on is self: dum calceabat ipse 
sese et amiciebat, Suet.: (with Gr. 
Ace.) nube humeros amictus, Hor. 
H. Meton. : To veil around, clothe, 
xcrap up: piper et quidquid chartis 
amicitur ineptis, Hor. 

amie-iter, adv. [1. amic-us] In a 
friendly manner: Plaut. 

Smic-itla, as,/. (Gen. Sing., amic- 
itiai, Lucr.) [amic-us] (The quality of 
the amicus; hence) I. Prop.: A. 
Friendship: Cic. — B. A league of amity 
between different nations: Ores.; Sail. 
II. Meton.: A friend: Tac. f 
Hence, Fr. amitid. 
aroicitles, ei,/.=amicitia: Lucr. 

1. ainie-tus, a, um, /■*. of amic-io. 

2. amic-tus, us, m. [amic-io] 04 
throwing on of a garment; hence) I. 
Prop.: Mode of dress, fashion: Cic. 
II. Meton. : An outer garment: 
duplex, of double texture, Virg. III. 
Fig.: Clothing, garment: cceli mut- 
emus amictum, i. e. go into another 
climate, Lucr. 

amic-ula, m, f. dim. [amic-a] A 
dear little female friend : Cic. 

a'mic-ulum, i, n. [amic-io] (That 
which serves for throwing about one; 
hence) A mantle, cloak : Cic; Nep. 

&mic-ulus, i, m. dim. [amic-us] 
A dear little friend: Cic. 

1. am-icms, a, um, adj. [am-o] I. 
Prop.: Of iiving beings: loving; 
friendly, amicable, kind, favourable: 
(Sup.) conjunetissimus et amicissimus, 
Cic: (Comp.; also, with. Bat.) amicior 
Cilicum serariis, quam nostro, id. 
II. Fig.: A. Of things : Favourable: 
arnica silentia lunaa, Virg.— B. Pleas- 
ing, agreeable: nee dis amicum est, 
nee mihi, te prius Obire, Hor. % 
Hence, Fr. ami. 

2f. fim-Scug,i,w. [id.] (Gen.Flur, 

amicum, Ter.) (A lovedone; or aloving 
one; hence) 1. In private life: a. A 
friend: Cic. — b. A patron, protector: 
Hor. ; Juv. — c. Companion, com- 
rade: Ov. — 2. In public life: a. A 
friend of the state : Li v. — b. In and 
after the Aug. age: A counsellor, 
minister of a prince : Nep. % Hence, 
Fr. ami. 

Xminseus (-eus), a, um, adj., 
'Ajutfaco?. 0/,or belonging to. Amincea; 
a district of the Piceni, celebrated for 
the culture of the vine. 

1. Amisia, se, m. The Amisia; a 
'river of Germany (now the Ems). 

2. Amisia, as, /. A fortress built 
by the Romans upon the Ems. 

amis-slo, onis, /. [for amitt-sio ; 
f r. amitt-o] A losing, loss : Cic. *fi 
Hence, Fr. (old law 1. 1.) amission. 

1. amis-sus, a, um (for amitt- 
sus) , P. of amitt-o. ! 

2. amis-sus, us, m. [for amitt- 
sus ; fr. amitt-o] A loss: Sicilice, 

Amisus, i, /. , *A/ J uo-6s. A misus ; a 
town of Pontus (now Eski Samsun). 

amlta, se, f. [etym. dub.] A 
paternal aunt: Li v. 

Xm-Iterii-um, i, n. [for Am- 
atern-um ; fr. am; Atern-us] (The 
thing — e. g. town — about the Aternus) 
Amiternum; a Sabine town, near the 
sources of the Aternus, the birthplace of 
Sallust (now S. Vittorino). — Hence, 
Amiternus, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Amiternum. 

a-mitto, isi, issum, ittSre (amisti, 
for amisisti, Ter.: amissis, for amis- 
eris, Plaut.), 3. v. a.: I. Prop.: To let 
go from one ; to let slip, dismiss: hunc, 
Plaut. : praedam de manibus, Cic. 
II. Fig.: To let go, etc.: tempus, Cic: 
occasionem, Cass. III. Meton.: To 
lose : classes optimas amissse, Cic 
ammiror, ammitto, v. adm. 
Amnion, onis,m., Y Aixixbiv [Egypt. 
Amun or Ammun] Ammon; the su- 
preme divinity of the Ethiopians or 
Libyans ; afterwards, an appellation of 
Jupiter worshipped in Africa under the 
form of a ram (upon the present Oasis 
Siwah).— Hence, Ammon-lacus, a, 
um, adj. (Prop.: Belonging to Ammon; 
Meton.) African, Libyan. 

amn-I-col-a, se, comm. [amn-is ; 
(i); col-o] (Stream-dweller) Tfial which 
lives or grows near a river: salices, 

amn-Iculus, i, m. dim. [amn-is] 
A little sfream; a rivulet, brook: Li v. 

amn-i-gen-a, se, m. [amn-is; (i); 
gen-o] Son of a rivei*: Val. Fl. 

amnis, is, m. (/., Plant. ; Var. :—- 
AM. Sing., regularly amne; some- 
times amni) [akin to Sanscrit apnas, 
from ap — aqua, and root ni, " ducere "] 
(Water-conductor; hence) I. Prop.: 
A broad, deep-flowing, rapid water; a 
rapid stream ; a river : sedatus amnis, 
i. e. a majestic full river flowing noise- 
lessly onwards, Cic: secundo amni, 
down the stream, Virg.: adverso amne, 
up or against the stream. Curt.: Oceaiji 
amnes, Virg. II. F i g.': Of a constel- 

lation : A stream : Cic. III. M e t o n.f 

Water : Virg. 

am-o, avi, atum, are (am&sso = 
amavero, Plaut.), 1 . v. a. [akin to San- 
scrit root kam, "to love;" Persian 
k dm, " desire"] I. Prop.: A. In a good 
sense : To love : quern omnes amare 
meritissime debemus, Cic: (without 
Object) Cicerones pueri ainant inter 
se, id.— Particular phrases: 1. 
Ita (sic) me dii (bene) ament or 
amabunt, So help me heaven! Plaut.; 
Ter. — Blliptically : ita me Jupiter (sc. 
amet or amabit) ! Plaut. — As a salut- 
ation : Heaven bless thee: Plaut. — 2. Of 
vain persons : Amare se, To be in love 
with, to be very much pleased with, one's 
self: Cic. — B. In a bad sense : To be in 
love, to have an amour: Plaut.; Sail. 
II. Fig.: To love a thing, to be fond 
of, to find pleasure in: nomen, oration- 
em, vultum, incessum alicujus amare, 
Cic. : hie ames dici pater atque prin- 
ceps, Hor. — Particular phrases: 
A. Amare aliquem (de or in aliqua re, 
quod, etc.), To be obliged to one for 
something, to be under obligation, to 
have to thank: Plaut.; Cic. — B. Amabo 
or amabo te (but never amabo vos, 
etc.), 1 shall be under very great oblig- 
ation to you if you say, do, etc., that for 
me ; hence, in entreaties ( =-oro, auaeso, 
precor), Be so good, I pray, 1 entreat 
you: Cic; Ter. III. Meton. : To be 
wont or accustomed : aurum per medioa 
ire satellites Et perrumpere amat 
saxa, Hor. <fl' Hence, Fr. aimer. 

Amoebeus (trisyll.) , ei, m. ,'Aju.oi/3- 
eu9 (The Changer or Requiter). Amoeb- 
eus ; an Athenian performer on the 

amoen-e, adv. [amoen-us] Plea*- 
antly. agreeably, delightfully: fumific- 
are. Plaut.: (Comp.) aliquid amcenius, 
Gell.: (Sup.) amcenissimo, PI. 

amoen-Itas, atis,/. [id.] (The, state 
or quality of the amcenns; hence) Pleas- 
antness, delightfulness, agreeableness y 
loveliness, etc. : I. G e n. : hortorum, 
Cic. II. Esp.: As a term of endear- 
ment : Delight, charmer : uxor mea, 
mea amcenitas, quid tu agis? Plaut. 
«[[ Hence, Fr. aminitd. 

am-oenus, &,um, adj. [etym. dub.; 
perhaps am-o] I. Prop. : Pleasant, 
delightful, lovely, agreeable, charming: 
locus, Cic: (Sup.) amcenissimasedific- 
ia, Tac — As Subst.: anicena, orum, 
n. (sc. loca) Pleasant or delightful 
places: litorum, Tac II. Meton.: 
Of dress: Luxurious, showy: (Comp.) 
cultus amcenior, Liv. % Hence, Fr. 
(old) amhne. 
a-moHor, Itus sum, Iri, 4. v. dep. 

I. Prop. : To remove a person or 
thing/rom a place with effort or diffic- 
ulty ; to move, or cany away, to re- 
move : obstantia silvarum , Tac. : me 
hinc, Plaut. ; i.e. I take myself hence. 

II. F i g. : A. : To put away, avert • 
invidiam ab aliquo, Tac. — B. To pass 
over: nomen meum, Liv. — C. To 
refute, repel, rebut : singula, Quint, 
g@T In Pass, force : Plant.; Liv. 

amoli-tus, a, um, P. of amolior. 



Amomum; an aromatic shrub: Virg. 
f Hence, Fr. amome. 

am-or (old form amos, Plaut.), 
oris, m. [am-o] I. Prop.: Love: Cic; 
Hor. II. Fig.: An eager desire or 
longing: consulatus, Cic. : scribendi, 
Hor.: casus cognoscere nostros, Virg. 
III. Met on.: A. A beloved object: 
Cic. — B, An object producing love : 
Vir-g.— C. Personified: 1. The god 
of love, Love, Cupid: Virg.— -2. Plur.: 
Cupids, Loves: Ov. f Hence, Fr. 
. amos, v. amor. 

amo-tio, onis, /. [for amov-tio ; 
fr. ainov-eo] A removing, removal: 

amo-tns (for amov-tus), a, urn, 
P. of amov-eo. 

a-moveo, movi, motum, movere, 

2. v. a. I. Prop.: A. Gen.: 2b move 
from a place, etc. : to remove, etc. : 
ilium ex istis locis, Cic. B. Esp. : 

I. With Personal pron.: To take one's 
self off; to retire, withdraw: te hinc, 
Ter.— 2. To remove or take away by 
stealth, to steal: boves per dolum, Hor. 

3. To remove by banishme'nt, to banish : 
amotus Cercinam, to Cercina, Tac. 

II. Fig. : A. To remove, get rid of: 
amoto queeramus seria ludo, Hor. — 
B. Of time as subject : To take aivay: 
quascumque vetustate amovet astas, 

Ampelos, i, m.,*Aixrre\o<; (Vine). 
Ampelos; a youth, beloved by Bacchus. 

Amphiaraus, i, m., 'AM^uaoao?. 
Amphiaraus ; a distinguished Greek seer 
and hero, father of Alcmceon and Am- 
philochus. lie at first refused to join the 
expedition against Thebes ; but was in- 
duced to do so by his wife Eriphyle,who 
had been enticed to use her influence by 
the present of a handsome necklace. In 
Ms flight from Thebes, he was swallowed 
up, with his chariot, in the earth: 1. 
Amphiara-eus, a, ran, Amphiar- 
ian.—2. Amphiara-Ides, se, m. A 
descendant of Amphiaraus, i. e. Ale- 
mason, Ov. 

amphibolia, se, /. = <x/A</u/3oAt<x. 
Ambiguity, double-meaning : Cic. <ff 
Hence, Fr. (old) amphibolic 

Amphictyones, urn (Ace. Gr.-as), 
m.^AiAfcLKTvovesC—aix^ucTioves, Those 
that dwell around, neighbours). The 
Amphictyons ; the members of the con- 
gress of the confederate Greek States at 
Thermopylae, afterwards at Delphi. 

Amphilochia, se, /., 'A/A</KAoxia. 
Amphilochia; a district of Acarnania. 

Amphimedon, ontis, m., 'A{x<bi- 
fieStau (He that holds sway around). 
Amphimedon; a Libyan slain by Per- 

Amphion, 5nis,w.,'A/jt$iW. Am- 
phion; a king of Tliebes, husband of 
Niobe, famous for his performances on 
the lyre. He killed himself for grief at 
the loss of his children, who were slain 
by the arrows of Apollo and Diana. — 
Hence, Amphlon-ius, a, um, aaj, 

amphisbsena, as, /., aixfylcrfiaiva 
(The one going both ways), Tfy 
QmpHisfma; a serpent which begins its 

motion either at its head or its tail : 
Luc. ^[ Hence, Fr. amphisbene. 

Amphissa, se, f. Amphissa; the 
chief town of the Locri Ozolce. 

Amphissius, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Amphissa; a promontory 
of Locri Epizephyrii, in Lower Italy. 

Amphissus (»os), i, m, Am- 
phissus or Amphissos ; a son of Apollo 
and Dryope, founder of the town (Eta, 
at the foot of the mountain of the same 

amphitheatr»alis, e, adj. [am- 
phithcatr-mn] Of, ox pertaining to, the 
amphitheatre: Mart. «[ Hence, Fr. 

amphitheatrum, i, n.—a^iBio.- 
rpou (That which causes or enables 
one to see around). An amphitheatre 
(a circular or oval building, which fur- 
nished an unobstructed view all around) : 
Tac. *[[ Hence, Fr. amphitheatre. 

Amphitrite, es, /., 'AnfarpCrr) 
(She that passes beyond and round ; 
the encircler). Amphitrite: I. Prop.: 
The wife of Neptune and goddess of the 
sea. II. Me ton.: The sea: Ov. 

Amphitryo («uo, -on), onis, 
'Afx^irpviov, tovos. Amphitryo; a king 
of Thebes, husband ofAlcmene. — Hence, 
Amphitryon-Jades, as, ?n. A de- 
scendant of Amphytryo, i. e. Hercules. 

amphora, tb (Gen. Plur. as a 
measure, usually amphorfim),/. = a 1 u- 
4>opevs (A thing carried on both sides, 
i.e. by two handles). An amphora: 
I. Prop.: .A large vessel, of an oblong 
shape, with a handle on each side of the 
neck: Hor. II. Me ton.: A measure 
for liquids (also called quadrantal), — 2 
umse, or 3 modii, or 8 congii, or 48 
sextarii : Cic. % Hence, Fr. amphore. 
Amphrysus (-os), i, m. = v A/*</>pv- 
(705. Amphrysusov Amphrysos; a small 
river of Phthiotis,near which Apollo fed 
the flocks of King Admetus. — Hence, 
Amphrys-ius, a, um, adj. (Prop. 
Belonging to Amphrysus; M'eton.) De- 
longing to Apollo: vates, i.e. the Sibyl: 

ampl-e, adv. [ampl-us] 1. Abund- 
antly, copiously, amply : ample dicere, 
Cic. — 2. Magnificently, splendidly, hon- 
ourably: (Sup.) amplissime efferri, 

am-plecto, no perf. , xum, ctere, 3. 
v. a,— amplector : ampiectitote crura 
fustibus, Plaut. 

am-plector (old form amploc- 
tor), exus sum, ecti, 3. v. dep. [am; 
1. plecto] I. Prop.: To wind or twine 
around a person or thing; to surround, 
encompass, encircle: of living beings, to 
embrace : visne ego te, ac tate me am- 
plectare? Plaut. : circum est ansas 
amplexus acantho, Virg. II. Fig.: 
A. To embrace with the mind, i.e. 1, 
To understand, comprehend, see through: 
omnia consilio,Cic. — 2. To reflect upon, 
to consider carefully: cogitationem 
pectore, Cic— B. In speech : To com- 
prehend,!^. 1. To discuss particularly, 
to handle, treat : noa ego cuncta meis 
amplecti versibus opto, Virg. — 2. To 
comprehend under a name : quod vir- 
tutis nomine amplectimur, Cic. — C. 

To embrace with love or esteem, i. e. fo 
love; and of things, to value, esteem, 
honour, cling to: virtutem, Cic: hoc 
se amplectitur, i. e. piques himself on: 
amplex-o, no perf. nor sup., are, 

I. v. a. intens. [for amplee(t)-so ; fr. 
amplect-o] To embrace: I. Prop.: 
hanc ampiexabo, Plaut. II. Fig. : 
auctoritatem censorum amplexato, 

amplex-or, atussum, ari,l. v. dep. 
intens. [for amplec(t)-sor ; fr. amplec- 
tor] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To encircle., 
embrace: aram, Plaut.: inimicum, Cic 
B. Esp.: To embrace lovingly: mitta 
jam osculari a.que amplexari, Ter. 

II. Fig.: To love, be fond of, value, 
esteem: aliquem, Cic: otium, id. 

1. amplex-us (for amplec(t)-sus), 
a, um, P. of amplector. 

2. amplex-us, us, m. [for am- 
plec(t)-sus ; fr. amplect-or] I. Gen. : 
A n encircling, embracing, surrounding : 
Cic; Liv. II. Esp. : A loving em- 
brace, caress : Virg. ; Tac 

amplifica-tio, onis, /. [ampli- 
fic(a)-o] 1, An extending, enlarging, 
amplifying: rei familiaris, Cic. — 2. 
Rhet. i. I. : An exaggerated description, 
an amplification : Cic. «ft Hence, Fr. 

amp]Ifica«tor, 5ris, m. [id.] An 
amplifier: Cic % Hence, Fr. ampll 

amplifioe, adv. [late Lat., ampli- 
fic-us] Splendidly: Cat. 

ampl-i-fic-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ampl-i-fac-o ; fr. ampl-us; 
(i); fac-io] I. Prop. : To extend, en* 
large, give space to: urbem, Cic. II. 
Fig.: A. Of abstract objects : To ex- 
tend, enlarge, increase: fortunam, Cic 
— B. Rhet. t. t. : To amplify, dilatt 
upon, enlarge, set off: rem ornando, 
Cic % Hence, Fr. amplifier. 

ampl-i'o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a, 
[ampl-us] I. : A. P r o p. : To widen, 
extend, enlarge: ampliato Apollinis 
templo, Suet. B. Fig.: (To enlarge 
or extend the time for doing some- 
thing; hence) Judicial t. t. : 1. To 
delay a judgment or decision, in order 
to make further investigation: Cic. 
— 2. To defer a person : Auct. Her. 
II. To amplify, increase, etc : rem, 
Hor. III. To render glorious: Quint. 

ampl-Iter, adv. [id.] 1. Abun- 
dantly, copiously, amply, fully: Plaut. 
—2. Spe?ididly, magnificently: Plaut. 

ampl-itudo, mis, /. [id.] (The 
state, or quality, of the ampins ; hence) 
1.: a. Prop.: The tcide extent of a 
thing ; width, amplitude, size, bulk : 
Cic. — b. Fig. : Greatness: animi,Cic. 
—2. : a. Dignity, grandeur, consequ- 
ence: Cic. — b. Rhet. t. t. : Copiousness 
of expression: Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

ampl-Ius, comp. adv. [neut. of 
comp. of ampl-us] 1 , More extensively; 
more, longer, further (of time or num- 
ber) : nee jam amplius ullee Apparent 
terras, Virg. : sedecim, non amplius, 
legionibus defensum imperium est, 
Liv.— Particular phrases : Am- 



plius, Lonjzr, further; Legal t. t. of 
judges, when they deferred a cause for 
further examination, Cic. — 2. Be- 
sides, furlter, more, in addition: fuere 
alia amplius, Sail. — Particular 
^hr.?i'es and combinations : a. 
AittpTms non petere, To bring no fur- 
ther action; to make no further claim: 
Cic. — b. Nihil dico amplius, / say no- 
thing further (a mode of speech that 
leaves the inference to be made by 
the person addressed): Cic. — c. Hoc 
amplius, eo amplius, More than or be- 
yond this; besides: Cic; Suet. — d. 
Nihil amplius quam, nee quidquam 
amplius, quam, Nothing further, no- 
thing else than: Cic; Suet. — e. Nihil 
amplius, an ellipt. phrase, to denote 
that there is nothing further than has 
been declared : Cic 

amploctor, v. amplector. 

am-pl-us, a, urn, adj. [am ; pl-eo] 
{Filled all round; hence) I. Prop. : 
Of large extent, great, ample, spacious, 
roomy: domus, Cic. II. Me ton.: 
Comprising much, abundant, great, full, 
copious, large, etc. : res pecuaria, Cic. : 
divitiasque habeo tribus amplas reg- 
ions, Hor. — As Subst. : amplius, 
n. : Something or any thing more, 
beyond, further, or besides: daturus 
non sum amplius, Cic. — With Gen. : 
More, additional: negotii, Cic. III. 
Fig.: A. Ample, vxtensive: (Comp.) 
aliquid amplius, Cic. — B. Strong, 
great, violent, mighty, etc. : morbus, 
Ter. — C. Magnificent, .splendid, glori- 
ous: prarmia, Cic — D. Illustrious, 
noble, renowned, distinguished, glori- 
ous: 1, Gen.: amplse et honestas 
familiae, Cic. — 2. Esp. : (Sup.) am- 
plissimus, as a term of honour, etc. : 
amplissimum collegium decemvirale, 
Cic. — E. Of speakers or speech, Dign- 
ified and copious: catisidicus, Cic. : 
orationis genus, id. «J Hence, Fr. 

amp-ulla, se,f. [foramb-olla] (A 
circular olla, a pot bellying out) I. 
Prop.: An ampulla; a vessel for 
holding liquids, with a narrow neck, 
and round or sivollen in the middle; 
a bottle, flask: Cic. II. Mo ton.: 
Bombast: Hor. f Hence, Fr. am- 

ampull-arius, a, um, adj. [amp- 
ull-a] Of, or belonging to, an ampulla : 
Plaut.— As Subst. : ampullar ius,ii, 
m. (sc. homo) A maker of ampullae : 

ampull-or, atua sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [id.] To employ a bombastic style 
of discourse : Hor. 

amputa-tio, onis,/. [amput(a)-o] 
A pruning, lopping or cutting off of 
branches, etc. : Cic. «|f Hence, Fr. 

am-pxito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
I. Prop.: Of trees, etc.: To cut around 
or away; to lop off: caput, Suet.: vitem 
ferro, Cic. II. Fig. : A. To cut off: 
quicquid est pestiferum, Cic— B. To 
eui'tail, shorten, diminish, etc. : unde 
aliquid amputein, Cic— C. To remove, 
banish, etc. : amputata inanitas, Cic. 
^ Hence, Fr. amputer. 

Ampyx, ycis, m. (Ace. Gr. -a, 
Ov.), v A/x7ru£ (Head-band) ; Ampyx: 
1. One of the Lapithce, father of the 
seer Mops us. — Hence, Ampyc-Ides, 
ss, m. Son of Ampyx, i. e. the seer 
Mopsus. — 2. One of the companions of 
Phineus changed by Perseus into a stone. 

Am-sanctus (Amp-), i, m. (Holy 
all round) Amsanctus; a lake in Italy, 
dangerous from its exhalations (hence 
in the poets the entrance to the in- 
fernal regions ; now Lago d'Ansante). 

Xmulius, n, in. [prob. akin to 
aemulus] (^-1 rival) Amulius; a king of 
Alba, who dethroned his brother Numi- 
tor, and ordered his grandsons llomulus 
and Remus to be thrown into the Tiber. 

amurca, as, /. = a^op yn. The scum 
of oil: Virg. 

a-nms-sis, is,/. (Ace. amussim ; 
Abl. and Plur. not used) [prob. for 
ad-met-sis ; fr. ad ; met-ior] (A mea- 
suring; concr., A measure; hence) A 
rule or level used by carpenters, etc. : 

amuss-itatus, a, urn [amuss-is] 
(Provided with an amussis ; hence) 
Accurate, perfect: indoles, Plaut. 

Xmyelse, arum (-e, 6s, SiL), /., 
'AfxikAcu. Amyclee or Amycle : 1. A 
foivii of Laconia, the birth-place of 
Castor and Pollux (now Slavochori). 
— Hence, Amyel-seus, a, um, adj. : 
a. Prop.: Of Amyclo?: canis, Virg. 
— b. Me ton. : Spartan: Sil,— 2. A 
town of Latium. 

AWycl-Ides, se, m. A descendant 
of Amyclas, founder of Amyclee, i. e. 

Xmycus, i, m./A/av/cos. Amycus: 
1. A centaur slain in the contest with 
the Lapithce.— 2. A Trojan.— 3. The 
name of two followers of JEneas, killed 
by Turn us. 

Xmydon, onis,/, Amydon ; a town 
of Pceonia, which sent a id to the Trojans. 

amygdalum, 1, n. = aixvyba\ov : 
I. P r o p. : An almond : Ov. II. Me t- 
o n. : An almond-tree : Col. 

Xmymone, es,/., 'Afxvixuvrj (The 
blameless one). Amymone; a fountain 
near Argos. 

iimyntas, ee, m., 'AjuuVra? (The 
defender or warder-off). Amyntas; 1. 
The name of two kings of Macedonia. — 
Hence, Ainynt-iades, a?, m. A de- 
scendant of Amyntas, i.e. Philip: Ov. 
— 2. A shepherd in Virg. 

Amyntor, oris, m., 'Afxvvrwp (id.) 
Amyntor ; a king of the Dolopians, 
father of Phoenix. — Hence, AmyntSr- 
ides, £e, m, Son of Amyntor, i. e. 

amystis, Mis,/. = aMvcrTt? (A not 
closing the month). The emptying of 
a cup at one draught: Hor. 

Xmythaon, onis, m., ^AfivOacou, 
Amythaon; a Greek, the father of Mel- 
amp its. — Hence, Am^thaon-ius, 
a, urn, adj. Of, ov pertaining to, Amy- 

1. an, cow/, [prob. a primitive word] 
1. In disjunctive interrogations : a. 
Or: utrum superbiam prius memorem 

an crudelitatem ? Cic: nunc vero non 
id agitur, bonisne an malis moribus 
vivamus, etc., Sail. — b. When the 
second member is to be made empha- 
tic : Or rather, or on the contrary : ea 
quas dixi ad corpusne refers ? an est 
aliquid, quod te sua sponte delectet ? 
— c. The first question is often not 
expressed, but is to be supplied from 
the preceding context ; then an begins 
the whole interrogation : Or, or in- 
deed : Be. Credam ego istuc, si esse te 
hilarum videro. Ar. An tu esse me 
tristem putas ? (where nonne me 
hilarem essevides? is implied), Plaut. 
— P articular combinations: 
(a) An non (and in one word, annon): 
Or not : Ter. ; Cic. —(b) An ne (com- 
monly together, anne), pleon. for an : 
Or, whether: Plant.; Cic — 2. In dis- 
junctive sentence,* that express doubt : 
a. Or : honestumne f actu sit an turpe 
dubitant, Cic. — b. With the first 
distributive clause to be' supplied : 
Whether or not : qui scis, an, quee jub- 
eam, sine vi faciat? (vine coactua is 
to be supplied), whence knowest thou 
whether or not he will do it without 
compulsion ? Ter. — c. Haud scio an, 
nescio an, dubito an, / almost think, 
I might assert, I might almost say, it is 
possible that, etc.; also, perhaps, pro- 
bably: Cic; Li v.; Nep. 

2. an, v. ambi. 

Ana (-as), ae, m. The Ancov Anas % 
a river of llispania Bcetica (now Gua* 

anabathrum, i, n,=zdva$a.6pQv. 
A raised seal: Juv. 

Xnaces, um, m.^'Avaxes (Kings) 
The A naces ; an epithet of the Dioscuri. 

Xnacharsis, is, m., 'Avd\apaa. 
A n ax liar sis ; a Scythian philosopher. 

Xnacreon, ontis, m., 'Ara/cptW, 
Anacreon; a lyric poet of Teos. 

anadema, atis, n.=6^d8r)pLa (Thai 
which binds up) A head-band, fillet, 

Anagnia, sb,/. Anagnia; a town 
of Latium, the chief seat of the llernici 
(now Anagni). — Hence, Anagn- 
inus, a, um, adj. Of Anagnia,— As 
Subst. : Anagnini, drum, m. (sc. 
cives) The inhabitants of Anagnia. 

anagnostes, £6, m.~dvayvcocrTr}S. 
A reader: Cic. 

analecta, ee, m.=avaXeKTrj<;. The 
collector (a name of the attendant or 
slave who collected the crumbs, etc. left 
at meal-time) : Mart. 

analec-tris, Wis, /. [prps. for 
analeg-tris; fr. araAeyw] (That which 
is made by gathering up) ^ shoulder 
pad: Ov. 

ananceeum, i, n. — avayKalov (ne- 
cessary), A large drinking-cup (which 
one was compelled to drink at a draught) ; 
a brimmer or bowl • Plaut. 

anapsestus, i, m. = avdnaicrTos 
(Struck back) An anapiest (a metrical 
foot, consisting of two shoi't syllables, 
followed by a long syllable ; a reversed 
dactyl) : Cic. «fl" Hence, Fr. anapeste. 

Xnaphe, es, /., 'Am^rj (That 
which is kindled up). Anaphe; a voi 



conic island in the Cretan Sea (now 

Anapis, is, m. TJie Anapis; a river 
of Sicily. 

Anartes, lum, -i, orum, m. The 
Anartes or Anarti; a people of Tran- 
sylvania, on the Theis. 

1. anas, anatis, comm. gen. (Gen. 
Plur. anatum, rarely anatium), [akin 
to vrjcr<TCL from i/e'w] (/1 swimmer ; 
hence) A duck: Cic. f Hence, Fr. 
(old) anet, anete. 

2. Xnas, se, m. The Anas; a river 
of Spain (now Guadiana). 

anat-icula, 03, /. dim. [anas, 
anat-is] A little duck, a duckling : I. 
Prop.: Cic. II. Fig.: As a term of 
endearment : Plaut. 

anat-Inus, a, urn, adj. [id.] Of, 
or pertaining to, a duck: Plaut. 

anatocismus, i, m. —avaTOKia-p.6<; 
(That which brings forth again). In- 
terest upon interest, compound interest : 

Ancseus, i, m., 'Ayicalos (He of 
the mountain-glens). Ancoeus; an Ar 
cadian killed by the Calydonian boar. 

Ancalltes, um, m. The Ancalites ; 
a people of Britain. 

an-cep-s (an-cip-es, Plaut.), cTp- 
ltis (Abl. Sing, everywhere ancipiti), 
adj. [for an-capit-s ; fr. 2. an ; caput, 
capit-is] I. P r o p. : That has two heads, 
two-headed: Janus, Ov. II. Me ton.: 
A-, Of mountain summits: Double- 
peaked: Ov. — B. Of weapons : Double- 
edged: Ov.; Lncr. III. Pig.: A.: 

1. Gen.: Two-fold: sapientia, Cic. — 

2. Esp.: a. Of animals: Of a two- 
fold nature, amphibious: bestiee, Cic. 
— b. From, or on, both sides: proelium, 
Cses. — B.: 1. Doubtful, uncertain, un- 
decided: fortuna belli, Cic: jus, a 
disputed point of law, Hor. — As SubsL: 
anceps, ipitis, n. Doubt, uncertainty: 
tractus in anceps, Tac. — 2. Of an 
oracle : Ambiguous : oraculum, Liv. — 
C. Dangerous, perilous, critical: vox 
pro republica honesta, ipsi anceps, 

Ancharlus, ft, m. Aneharius; a 
Roman name. 

Anchlalus, i,/. 'Ayx" 5 ^ ? (Near 
the sea, or sea-girt) Anchialus ; a 
town of Thrace. 

Anchises, se, m., 'Ayxio-ys, An- 
chises ; a son of Capys, father of JEneas, 
icho bore him upon his shoulders from 
the flames of Troy.-— Hence, 1 . Anchls» 
ens, a, um, adj. Belonging to Anchises, 
Anchisean.~~2. Anchls-Iades, ee, 
m. The son of Anchises, i. e. JEneas. 

anchora,_anchorale, v. anc. 

anclle (»ule), is, n. (Gen. Plur. 
anciliorum, Hor.) [prob. akin to aynv- 
Ao?, curved, rounded] (Tlie curved or 
rounded thing) I. Gen.: A small oval 
shield: Virg. II. Esp. : The shield 
which was said to have fallen from 
heaven in the reign of Numa, and on 
the continued preservation of which the 
prosperity of Rome was declared to de- 
pend: Liv. 

ancil-la, vo,f. dim. [for ancul-la; J 
£r. ancul-a, a maid-sei vant] A maid-" 

servant, hand-maid: Cic. *ET Hence, 
Fr. (old) ancele, ancelle, ancille. 

ancillario-lus, i, m.. [ancilla, 
through obsol. ancillarius, (uncontr. 
Gen.) ancillario-i, " one pertaining to 
ancillce"} One fond of maids : Mart. 

ancill-aris, e, adj. [ancill-a] Re- 
lating to female servants : Cic. 

ancill-ula, ee,/. dim. [id.] A. little 
serving -maid, a young female slave: 
Cic; Ov. 

ancipes, v. anceps. 

an-cl»sus (am-), a, um, adj. [for 
an-ceed-sus ; fr. 2. an ; csed-o] Gut 
around or away : Lucr. 

Ancon, onis,/. (-a, as, Cic), AyKu>v 
(Elbow). Ancon or Ancona; a seaport 
town in the north of Picenum (now 

ancbra (anch-), ae, f. — ay Kvpa. 
I. Prop.: An anchor: ancoram jac- 
ere, to cast anchor, Cses. : consistere ad 
ancoram, to lie at anchor, id.: ancoram 
tollere, to weigh anchor, Cic II. Fig.: 
An anchor, i.e. refuge, hope, support: 
ultima fessis ancora, Sil. % Hence, 
Fr. ancre. 

ancor-ale, is, n. [ancor-a] (A 
thing pertaining to an ancora ; hence) 
A cable: Liv. 

aneor-arius, a, um, adj, [id.] 
Pertaining to an anchor : funes, cables, 

Ancyra, ae,/. Ancyra; a town of 
Galatia (now Angora). 

andabatS, »3, m. An andabata ; 
a gladiator, whose helmet teas without 
any aperture for the eyes: Cic. 

Andegavi(-cavi), orum, Andes, 
mm, m. The Andegavi, Andecavi, or 
Andes: a Gallic tribe in the region of 
the present Anjou. 

Andrsemon (-emon), onis, m. 
'AvSpa.lp.wv (Skilled in men, or Bloody 
Man). Andrcemon: 1. The father of 
Amphissus and husband of Dryope, 
who was changed into a lotus.— 2. The 
father of Thoas, who fought at Troy. 

Andria, a3, v. Andros. 

Androgeos (-eus), i, also, -on, 
onis, m. (Ace. Sing. Androgeona, 
Prop.), 'At'Spoyeai?. Androgeos or An- 
drogeon ; a son of Minos, king of Crete, 
killed by the Athenians and Megarians. 
—Hence, Androgeon-eus, a, um, 
adj. Pertaining to Androgeon. 

androgynus, i, w. -gyne, es, 
f. = av&poyvi'os, avSpoyvui). A man- 
woman ; a hermaphrodite : Cic. 

Andromache, es, («a, ae), /. 
'Ai'Spofxdxrj (She who fights with men). 
Andromache; a daughter of King Ee- 
tion, and wife of Hector. 

Andromeda, as, «e, es, /., 'AvSp- 
o/xeS-rj (She who provides for or 
rules, men). Andromeda or Andro- 
mede; a daughter of Cepheus and C'as- 
siope, rescued by Perseus from a sea- 
monster. After her death she teas 
placed as a constellation in heaven. 

andron, onis, m. — avSpuv (A thing 
pertaining to men). A passage beticeen 
tiro walls or courts of a house : PI. 

Andronlcus, i, m., 'AvSpovucos 
(Conqueror of men). Andronicus (L. 
Lioius) a native of Tarentum, the 

manumitted slave of M. Livius Salin« 
ator, and the first epic and dramatis 
poet of the Romans. 

Andros (-us), i, f.,*Av8po<;. An- 
dros or Andrus: 1. One of the Cyclades, 
in the jEgean Sea (now Andri). — 
Hence, Andr-ius, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Andros. — As Subst.: An- 
dria, ee,f. (sc. femina) The Maid of 
Andros : the name of a comedy of Ter- 
ence. — 2. An island off the coast of 
Britain (prob. Bardsey, in St. George's 

anel-lus (ami-), i, m. dim. [for 
anul-lus; fr. anul-us] A little ring: 
Hor. f Hence, Fr. anneau. 

anethum, i, n. = avvdov. Dill, 
anise : Virg. ^f Hence, Fr. aneth. 

an-frac-tus (am-), us, m. [for 
an-frag-tus ; fr. 2. an ; fra(n)g-o] I. 
Prop.: A turning, bending round: 
litorum, i.e. the windings, Liv. II. 
Me ton.: A. Of the sun : A circuit, 
revolution: Cic. — B. A tortuous, cir- 
cuitous route : per anfracttis jugi pro- 
currere, Liv. III. Fig.: A. Of 
style : Diffusiveness, prolixity : Cic. — B. 
Intricacies of law, legal quibbling : Cic. 

angel-lus, i, m. dim. [for angul- 
lus; fr. angul-us] ^L little angle or 
corner: Lucr. 

ang-ina, as, /. [ang-o] (The throt- 
tling thing ; hence) The quinsy: Plaut.-. 
Ceis. «[[ Hence, Fr. angine. 

ang-I-portus, us, m., -um, i, n. 
[ang-o; (i); portus] (A squeezed pass- 
age ; hence) A narrow street, uine, or 
alley: Cic. 

Angitia, se, /. Angitia ; a sister of 
Medea and Circe, worshipped by the 

Angli, orum, m. The Angli ; a 
German tribe, on the Elbe, of the racn 
of the Suevi, who afterioards passed 
over, with the Saxons, into Britain. 

angOj xi, ctum or xum, gere, 3. 
v. a. [ay\oj'] I. Prop.: To draw or 
press tighi ; to squeeze, compress, etc : 
guttur, Virg. II. Me to n.: Of living 
creatures : To choke, strangle, throttle : 
tussis sues, Virg. III. Fig.: A. To 
drive into straits ; to press, be hard 
upon : hac urget lupus, hac canis angit, 
Hor. — B. Pass.: To suffer physical 
pain: PI. — C: 1. Act.: To torment, 
torture, vex, tease, trouble: me iila 
cura angit vehementer, Cic — 2. Pass. 
To feel anguish, to suffer torment : de 
Statio manumisso et aliis rebus angor, 

ang-or, oris,w. [ang-o] I. Prop.; 
A compression of the throat ; a strangl- 
ing : Liv. II. Fig.: Anguish, tor* 
merit, trouble: Cic. III. Me torus 
The quinsy : PI. 

Angrivarii, orum, w. TheAngri^ 
varii; a German tribe near the Teuto- 
burg Forest, on both sides of the Wcser. 

angu-I-com-us (quadrisyll.), a, 
um, adj. [angu-is; (i); com-a] With 
snaky hair: Gorgon, Ov. 

angu-iciilus, i, m. dim. [angu-is] 
xi small serpent or snake : Cic 

angu-i-fer, era, erum, adj. [angu> 
is; (i); fer-o] Serpent-bearing: capid* 



angu-I-ggn-a, se, m. [angu-is 
(i); gen-o] One engendered of a snake 
or dragon : Ov. 

angu-illa, ss,f. [angu-is] (A thing 
pertaining to an anguis ; hence, from 
its shape) An eel. I. Prop. : PL II, 
Fig.: Of an unprincipled person : 
Plant. % Hence, Pr. anguille. 

angu-i-man-us, a L um, ac/y'.[ang- 
n-is; (i); man-us] With serpent-hands, 
an epithet of the elephant, because it 
makes serpent-like motions with its 
trunk (manus): Lucr. 

angu-ineus, a, um, adj. [angu-is] 
Of, or pertaining to, a serpent or snake; 
viaky : conire, Ov. 

angu-Inus, a, um, adj. [id.] Of, 
or pertaining to, a serpent or snake: 
pellis, Cato.— As Subst.: anguinum, 
i, «. (50. ovum) A snake's egg: PI. 

angu-t-pes, edis, adj. [angu-is;(i); 
pes] Serpent -footed: Ov. f Hence, 
Fr. anguipede. 

anguis, is (AbL regul. angue ; ang- 
»i, Hor.) in. and/, [ace. to some akin 
to Sanscrit ahi, Gr. e*ic] I. Prop.: 
A serpent or snake : Cic. ; Ov. — P r o v. : 
latet anguis in herba, A snake lies 
concealed in the grass, i. e. there is hid- 
den danger, Virg. II, Me ton.: As a 
constellation : A. The Dragon : Cic. 
— B. The Hydra: Ov.— C. The serp- 
ent, which Anguitenens ('0<fnovx<>s) 
carries in his hand : Ov. 

angu-I-tenens, entis, m. [angu- 
is; (i);tenens] The serpent-holder; a 
constellation : Cic. 

angiil-atus, a, um, adj. [angul-us] 
Furnished with angles; angular: Cic. 

angiil-osus, a, um, adj. [id.] Full 
of angles or corners : PI. % Hence, 
Fr. anguleux. 

angulus, i, m. [AyifiiAos, " bent," 
"crooked," "angular,"] I. Prop.: 
An angle, a corner: Cic; Gees. II. 
Me ton.: A retired or secret place; a 
nook, cornier, lurking-place: Hor. III. 
Fig.: A corner, i.e. an embarrass- 
ment, strait, etc.: Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

angust-e,a<iv. [angust-us] 1. Nar- 
rowly, within a narrow space: (Comp.) 
angustius milites collocavit, Cass.: 
(Sup.) ut quam angustissime Pompei- 
um concluderet, id.- 2.: a. Prop.: 
Pinchingly, stintingly : re frumentaria 
anguste utebatur, Caes. — b. Fig.: 
(a) With difficulty : transportare, Cass. 
— (b) Poorly, meagrely, etc.: dicere, 

angust-Ise, arum (rarely -a, as), 
f. [id.] (The state of the angustus ; 
hence) 1.: a. Prop.: Narrown ess of 
space : itineris, Cass. — b. M e t o n. : 
(a) A narrow place or part: Grascias, 
Cic. — (b) A defile, etc. : Liv. — (c) A 
narroio passage: urinas, PI. — 2. Of 
duration : Shortness: temporis, Cic: 
spirittis, i. e. difficulty, id. — 3. Of 
means, etc. Scarcity, want, poverty: 
rei frumentaria?, Caes. — 4. Of external 
circumstances : Difficulty, distress, pei*- 
plexity: in angustiis esse, Cass. — 5. Of 
mind, etc. : Narrowness, meanness, etc. : 
pectoris tui, Cic — 6. Of logomachy: 
Subtlety \ minuteness of criticism : Cic. 

— 7. Of style: Brevity, succinctness: 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. (old) angustie. 

angust-I-clav-Ius, a, um, adj. 
[angust-us ; (i); clav-us] (Pertaining 
to an angustus clavus ; hence) Having 
or wearing a narrow stripe of purple : 
Suet, % Hence, Fr. angusticlave. 

angust-o, no perf., atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [angust-us] I. Prop.: To make 
narrow; to straiten, contract: iter, Cat. 
II. Fig.: To narrow, circumscribe, 
curtail : gaudia, Sen. 

angus-tus. a. um, adj. [for angor- 
tus, fr. angor] (Provided with angor; 
hence) I. Prop.: Drawn together or 
close: habenas, Tib. II. Me ton.: 
Narrow, strait ^ contracted, etc.: pontes, \ 
Cic. : (Comp.) papyrifero non augustior 
amne, Ov.: (Sup.) fauces portus ang- 
ustissimas, Cass. — As Subst.: angus- 
turn, i, n. A narrow place : 1 . P r o p. : 
angusta viarum, Yirg. — 2. Fig.:ita 
contracta res est et adducta in angus- 
tum,ut, etc., brought into such narroio 
limits, Cic III. Fig.: (Narrow, 
confined loithin narrow limits ; hence) 
A. Of scent: Slight, faint: odor, PL 
— -B. Of duration : Short, brief: dies, 
Ov.: epiritus, short or difficult breath- 
ing, Cic — C.: 1. Of means, etc.: 
Needy, pinching, stinting: pauperies, 
Hor. — 2. Of credit: Scant, limited, 
etc.: fides, Caes.— D. Of external cir- 
cumstances : Critical, difficult: rebus 
angustis animosus, Hor. — As Subst.: 
angustum, i, n. A critical condition, 
difficulty, danger: res est in angusto, 
Cass. — E. Of mind or character : Nar- 
row, base, low, mean : Cic. — F. Of 
logomachy : Subtle in the use of words, 
hair-splitting : Cic. — G. Of style : 
Brief, succinct; oratio, Cic. 
anhel-itus, us, m. [anhel-o] 1.: 

a. G-en. : A difficulty of breathing, 
panting, puffing : uimias ecleritates 
gressiis quum fiunt, anhelitus moven- 
tur, are occasioned, Cic — b. Esp.: As 
a disease: The asthma: PL — 2.: a. 
Prop.: Breathing, breath : oris, v. — 

b. Me ton. : An exhalation, vapour: 
terras, Cic. 

an-helo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
and a. [for an-halo ; fr. an = <W, up; 
halo] (To draw up the breath ; hence) 

I. Neut.: A. Prop.: To breathe with 
difficulty; to gasp, punt, etc: nullus 
anhelabat sub adunco vomere taurus, 
Ov. B. Fig.: To pant or eagerly de- 
sire: anhelantem inopiam recreavit, 
Just. C. Met on. : To roar, crash, 
etc: fornacibus ignis anhelat, Virg. 

II. Act.: A. Prop.: To breathe out 
strongly ; to emit with a strong breath : 
verba anhelata, Cic B. Fig. : To 
breathe out; i. e. to give indications of, 
etc : scelus, Cic C. Me ton. : To 
produce, etc, with gasping: ictus, Sil. 
"[[ Hence, Fr. anhdler. 

Snhel-us, a, um, adj. [anhel-o] 
Panting, puffing, gasping : equi, Virg. : 
(with Gen.) longi laboris, i.e. on ac- 
count of, Sil. 

an-Icala, as,/, dim. [an-us] A little 
old woman ; Cic 

an-ilis, e, adj. [id.] Of an old 
woman, anile; ineptias, Cic. 

anil-Itas, atis, /. [anil-is] (The 
state of the anilis ; hence) The old age 
of a woman, anility: cana, Cat. 

Snll-Iter, adv. [id.] L\ke an *>ld 
woman: Cic. 

an-iina, as, /. (Gen. Sing, animai, 
Lucr.) [akin to are/ao? : from Sanscrit 
root an, " spirare;" anila, "ventus"] 
(Tfiat which blows or breathes, hence) 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: Air, a current 
of air, a breeze, a breath, wind : Hor. 

B. Esp.: 1. The air, as an element: 
Cic — 2. Air inhaled or exhaled ; 
breath: animam recipe, take breath, 
Ter. : animam continere, to hold the 
breath, Cic. II. M e t o n. : A. The 
vital principle, life: Lucr. ; PL — B.: 
1. Life, physical : animam agere, to 
be at the point of death, to breathe one's 
last ; to die, Cic. — P r o v. : Of one 
deeply in debt : Animam debere, To 
owe life, Ter. — 2. : a. Of persons: A 
living being (as we also say souls for 
persons): ammas quales nee candidi- 
ores, etc., Hor. — b. Souls separated 
from the body, the shades of the lower 
world, departed spiiits, manes • Hor. — 

C. = animus : The rational soul of 
man, the mind : Cic. III. Fig.: A. 
Breath: anima amphorce, i.e. the fumes 
of wine, Phasd. — B. Soul, life: as a 
term of endearment : vos, meas car- 
issimas animse, Cic % Hence, Fr. 

animadver-s¥o, onis, /. [for 
animadvert-sio ; fr. animadvert-o] 1. 
Jnvestigatio?i, enquiry: in civem, Liv. 
— 2.: a. Gen.: Perception, notice, ob- 
servation : Cic — b. Esp.: Self -observ- 
ation or -inspection: Cic — 3.: a. Re- 
proof, censure: Cic. — b. Chastisement, 
punishment: Cic. % Hence, Fr. an- 

animadver-sor, 6ris,w. [foran- 
imadvert-sor ; fr. animadvert-o] An 
observer: Cic. 

anlm-adverto (-vort-), ti. sum, 
tere, 3. v. a. [anim-us; advertoj I,: 
A. Gen.: To direct the thoughts, mind, 
or attention, to a thing; to attend to; 
to consider, regard, observe: tuam rem, 
Ter. : animadvertendum est diligenti- 
us qua? natura rerum sit, Cic B. 
Esp.: t.t.: 1. Of the lictor: To give 
attention, to see, that the consul, when 
he appeared, should receive due re- 
spect : Liv. — 2. Of the people to whom 
the lictor gave orders : To pay atten- 
tion or regard I: Suet. II.: A.: 1. To 
mark, notice, obse?*ve, perceive (in a 
general sense) ; to see as the result of 
attention : nutrix animadvertit pu- 
erum dormientem, Cic — 2. To d>s- 
cem; to apprehend, understand, com- 
prehend: ut animadvertant, quid de 
religione . . . existimandum sit, Cic. 
— B.: 1. To revenge a wrong ; to cens- 
ure, blame, chastise, punish: peccata, 
Cic— 2. Judicial /. t.: Animadvertere 
in aliquem, To inflict punishment r m 
one: Cic; Liv. — 3. Pass.: To be censur- 
able, to offend: Cic. 

anlm-al, alis (Abl. Sing, animali), 
n. [anim-a] (A thing pertaining to 
anima; hence) An animal; a thing ox 
person endued with life- I Gen. t 



quum oinne animal patibilem natur- 
am habeat, etc., Cic. II. Esp. : A. 
Of persons : animal providum et sagax 
homo, Cic. — B. Of the universe, con- 
sidered as an animated existence : 
Cic. — C. Of beasts : Cic. — Hence, con- 
temptuously, of a man : funestum 
illud animal, Cic. f Hence, Fr. an- 

anim-alis, e, adj. [id.] 1« Per- 
taining to the air, aerial : natura, Cic. 
— 2. Pertaining to life ; animate, living: 
pulli, Lucr. : inteiligentia, Cic. f 
Hence, Fr. animal. 

amma»ns, ntis; 1. P. of anim(a)-o. 
•—2. Pa. : Animate, living: deos ne 
animantes quidem esse, Cic. — As 
Subst.: A living being ; an annual (men, 
animals, and plants). The gender 
varies between the masc, fern., and 
neut. When it designates man, it is 
only masc. : Gen. Plur. animantum, 
Lucr.; Cic.; Hor. 

anima-tio, onis, /. [anim(a)-o] 
(Prop.: A quickening, animating ; Met- 
on.) A living being: Cic. ^ Hence, 
Fr. animation. 

1. anima-tus, a, um : 1. P. of 
anim(a)-o.— 2. Pa.: a. Animated: sed 
virum virtute vera vivere animatnm 
addecet, Enn. — b. Put in a particular 
frame of mind, disposed, minded, in 
some way : animatus melius, Cic. — 
c, Endowed with courage, courageous, 
stout-hearted, : milites armati atquc 
animati probe, Plaut. «f Hence, Fr. 

2. anlma-tus, us, m. [anim(a)-o] 
Animation, life : PI. 

anim-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
I. [anim-a] A. Prop. : To animate, 
quicken, give life to: divinis animatae 
(sc. stellee) mentibus, Cic: (without 
Object) formare, figurare, colorare, an- 
imare, id.— -Par ticular phrase: 
Animare in aliquid, To transform 
something into a living object: Ov. 
B. Fig.: To endue with life: ad cri- 
mina taxos, i. e. to kindle, Claud. II. 
[animus] To endow with a particular 
temperament or disposition of mind: 
utcumque temperatus sit aer, ita pu- 
eros orientes animari atque formari, 
Cic. ^[ Hence, Fr. animer. 

animos-e, adv. [animos-us] Cour- 
ageously, boldly, in a spirited manner: 
animose fecerunt, Cic: (Comp.) rnulto 
animosius, Val. Max.: {Sup.) animos- 
issime comparasse, Suet. 

1. amm-osiis, a, iim,c^'. [anim-a] 
(Full of anima ; hence) 1. : a. Full of 
air, airy : guttura, through which the 
breath passes, Ov. — b. Of the wind : 
Blowing violently: Burns, Virg. — 2. 
Of pictures, etc.: Full of life, living, 
animate : signa, Prop. 

2. anim-osus, a, um, adj. [anim- 
us] (Full o/anim-us; hence) 1. : a. 
Gen.: Full. of courage, bold, spirited, 
undaunted: equus, Ov. : (Comp.) an- 
imcsior senectus, Cic. — b. Esp.: Of 
the outlay of money : Spirited: cor- 
rupter, who fears or avoids no expense 
in bribery, Tac. — 2. Proud on account 
of something : vobis animosa creatis, 
proud of having borne you, Ov. 


anim°ula, a?,/, dim. [anim-a] ,4 
lixtle life or courage: mihi quiddam 
quasi animulaa, restillarunt (.sc. literas 
tuse), Cic. 

anim-ulus, i, m. dim. [anim-us] 
A little life, life (only in Voc.) mi ani- 
mule ! My life I my darling ! Plaut. 

an-imus, i, in. [akin to an-ima] 
I. Prop.: The rational soul or intel- 
lectual principle of life in man : omni- 
um animos immortales esse, Cic. II. 
Meton,: A.: 1. Intention, purpose, 
design: Cic. — 2. Will, desire, in- 
clination, mind: Ov. — Particular 
phrase: Animus est, /, etc. , have a 
wish, desire, etc.: Virg.; Ov. — B.: 1.: 
a. Gen.: Feeling, sentiment, affection, 
passion: Cic. — b. Esp.: (a) Courage, 
heart, spirit : Cic — Particular 
phrase: Bono auimo esse, To be of 
good courage: Cic — (b) Hope: Tac. 
— (c) Haughtiness, arrogance*, pride, 
lofty spirit: Cic. — (d) Violent passion, 
vehemence, wrath: Ov. — (e) Agreeable 
feeling, pleasure, delight : Ov. — P arti- 
cular phrase: Animi causa (in 
Plaut. once animi gratia) , F / the sake 
of pleasure, enjoyment, etc., Cass.; Cic; 
Plaut. — (f) Kind or friendly feeling, 
affection: Ter.; Sup^ — (g) Disturbed 
feeling, disquiet, unrest, care, anxiety, 
solicitude: Ter. — 2.: a. Gen.: Dis- 
position, character, etc. : Hor. — b. 
El s p. : Disposition towards any one : 
Cic— C : 1. Gen. : The thinking 
faculty; the mind, intellect: Cic. — 2. 
Esp.: a. Memory: Ter. — b. Recol- 
lection, consciousness: Cass. — c. Opin- 
ion, judgment (mostly in the connect- 
ion, meo quidem animo or meo animo, 
in my opinion): Plaut.; Cic. — D. Vital 
power, life: Virg. III. Fig.: A, Of 
things: 1. Of plants: Nature, char- 
acter: Virg. — 2. Of the winds: Vio- 
lence, rage : Virg. — 3. Of a child's 
top : Force, impetuosity : Virg. — B. 
Of beloved persons : mi anime, my 
life, my love, my soul : Plaut. ; Ter. 
f Hence, Fr. dme. 

Anio (orig. Amen), enis, or onis; 
also, Anienus, i, m. The Anio,Anien, 
or Anienus ; a tributary stream of the 
Tiber, which, taking its rise in the Apen- 
nines, passes along the southern Sabine 
country, separating it from. Latium; 
and at Tibur, besides its cataract (hence, 
praaceps Anio, Hor.), presents the most 
charming natural beauties (now Teve- 
rone). — Hence, 1. Anlen-us, a, um, 
adj. Pertaining to the Anio. — 2. All» 
ien-sis, e, adj. Pertaining to the Anio. 

Anms, ft, m. Anius; a king ana 
priest of Delos, who hospitably enter- 
tained JEneas. 

Anna, s»,/. [orig. Hebr.] Anna; 
the sister of Dido, honoured as a goddess 
after her death, under* the name Anna 

ann-alis, e, adj. [ann-us] 1. Con- 
tinuing a year, annual: Var. — 2. Re- 
lating to a fixed year or age: lex, the 
law which fixed the age at which an 
office might be entered upon (for the 
quaestor ship. 30 ; for -the office of cedile, 
36 ; for the pra;torsh%p, 40 > and for the 
consulship, 42 years): Cic. — As SubsUi 

annalis, is (AM. only annali), m 
(sc. liber), A chronological record q 
the occurrences of a year; chronicle^ 
annals: Cic; Nep. 

an-nato (ad=), no perf. nor sup K 
are, 1 . v. n. [for ad-nato] I. To swin 
to or towards: PI. II. To swim by x 
near, or by the side of: Sen. 

an-navigo (ad-), £vi, atum, jlre s 
1. v. n. [for ad-navigo] To sail to o? 
towards, to come to by ship : PI. 

anne, v. an. 

an»necto (ad-), xiii, xum, ctere, 
3. v. a. [for ad-necto] To tie, bind, ot 
fasten to or on to; to connect, join gu: 
I. Prop.: scapham, Cic II. Fig.: 
aliquod orationi, Cic 

annellus, v. anellus. 

1. annexus (adn-) (for adnec(t)- 
sus), a, um, P. of annect-o. 

2. annexus (adn-), us, m. [for 
adnec(t)-sus ; fr. adnect-o] A con- 
nection: Tac. 

Annibal, alis, v. Hannibal. 

ann-iciilus, a, um, adj. [ann-us] 
Pertaining to a year, a pear old: virgo, 

annl-sus (adn-) (foradni(t)-sus), 
a, um, P. of annit-or. 

an-nltor (ad-), sus or xus sum, 
ti. 3. v. dep. [for ad-nitor] I. Prop.: 
To lean against or upon: ad aliquod, 
Cic: columnar, Virg. II. Fig,: To 
take pains about something, to exert 
one's self, strive : anni.ente Crasso, 
Sail.: adobtinendum hesternum decus, 
Liv.: de triumpho, Cic. 

ann-i-vers-arius, a, um, adj 
[ann-us; (i); 3. vers-us] (Pertaining 
to the turn of the year ; hence) Thin 
returns with the year ; annual, yearly 
sacra, Cic. % Hence, Fr. annivers- 

annix-us (adn-) (for annit-sus). 
a, um, P. of annit-or. 

an-no (ad»), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. n. [for ad-no] I.: A. Prop.: To 
swim to or towards ; to stvim up to : 
plures annabunt thynni, Hor. : (with 
Ace. dependent on prep, in verb) naves, 
Cass. B. Fig.: To approach, to come 
or go to: quod ubique gentium est, 
ad earn urbem posset aunare, Cic. 

II. To swim by the side of: equites 
annantes equis, Tac. 

annon, v. an. 

ann-ona, se, /. [ann-us] (Thai 
which pertains to (he annus; hence) 
I. Prop.: The yearly produce, in the 
widest sense: Liv. II. Meton.: A.: 
1. Means of subsistence: Plaut. — 2« 
Corn, grain: in caritate annona?, Cic. 
— 3. A supply of provisions in general: 
Liv. — B.: 1. The price of grain, etc.: 
ad denarios quinqiiaginta in singulos 
modios annona pervencrat, Oaes. — 2„ 
Dearness: ob annonae causam, Cic. 

III. Fig.: Price : vilis amicorum est 
annona, Joonis ubi quid deest, Hor. 

ann-osus, a, um, adj. [id.] (Full 
of annus ; hence) Full of years, aged K 
old: brachia, Virg. 

annota-tXo, onis, /. [annot(a)-o 
(Prop.: A making a comment, etc.'; 
Meton.) A remark, comment: PI. ^ 
Hence, Fr. annotation. 



anno-tlnus, a, um, adj. [annus, 
(uncoutr. (Jen.) anno-i] (Of, or be- 
longing to, annus ; hence) A year old, 
of last year: naves, Caes. 

an-not-o (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. I. [for ad-not-o ; fr. ad ; not-a] 
(To place a mark at, or against ; hence) 
To mark or note down in writing : in 
urbem remittendos, PL II. [ad ; noto] 
To make a critical remark or comment 
upon: librum, PI. HI. [id.] A.: 1. 
To remark, note, observe : adnotasse 
videor alia clariora esse, PL — 2. Pass.: 
To be noted or rendered remarkable: 
litorapisce nobili adnotantur, PL — B. 
To mark out for notice : pauca, Quint. 
— C. To observe, perceive : insculptum 
monnrnento, Suet. Tf Hence, Fr. an- 

annularis, etc., v. anularis, etc. 

an-niimero (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. a. [for ad-nmnero] I. (To 
count in addition; hence) A. To add 
or join to: duobus tertium, Cic. — B. 
To reckon or count up : trecentos vicos, 
PL II.: A. Prop.: To count out ox 
pay: denarios tibi, Cic. B. Pig.: To 
count out : non annumerare ea (sc. 
verba) lectori, sed appendere, Cic. 
III. To count, reckon, consider, etc.: 
in grege annumerari, Cic. 

an-nunclo (ad-, -tio), avi, 
iitum, are, 1. v. a. [for ad-nuncio] To 
an n ounce, proclaim, etc. : PL % Hence, 
Fr. avnoncer. 

an-nuo (ad-), Qi, utum, uere, 3. 
v. n. and a. [for ad-nuo] I. Gen.: To 
nod to or towards a person ; to nod : 
A. Neut.: sibi, Cic. — B. Act.: nutum, 
Liv. II. Esp.: A. To intimate by a 
nod : hoc ratura . . . Annuit, Virg. — 
B.: 1. Neut.: a. Prop.: To nod assent: 
petenti, Virg. — b. Fig.: To assent, 
agree: si annuerit, Cic. — 2. Act..* a. 
Prop.: To nod assent to; to agree to 
by a nod: id quoquetoto capite annuit, 
Cic. — b. Fig.: (a) To agree, assent, 
etc.: amicitiam se Romanorum ac- 
cipere adnuit, Liv. — (b) To grant, 
permit, etc.: vellere signa, Virg. — 
C. (Prop.: To nod approval; Fig.): 
To approve, favour: audacibus annuo 
coeptis, Virg. — D. To ask by a nod: an- 
nuens an distringeret gladium, Tac. — 
E.: l.Prop.: To designate or point out 
by a nod : quos iste annuerat, Cic. — 2. 
Fig.: To state, declare, etc. : falsa, Tac. 
— F.(Prop.: To promise by a nod; Fig.): 
To promise : cosli quibus annuis arccm, 
Virg. «fl" Hence, Fr. (old) annuir. 

an-nus, i, m. [for am-nus, akin to 
Sanscrit root am, " ire ; " amati, 
" tempus ; " G-r. ev-vos = ei/-tavr6s] 
(That which goes round, a circuit ; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A year: 
nemo est tarn sencx, qui se annum 
non putet posse vivere, Cic. : anno 
ineunte, at the commencement of the 
year, Suet.: anno exeunte, at the 
close of the year: Cic: — so, extremo 
anno, Liv.: extremo an ni, Tac: anno 
pleno, Hor. — Adverbial phrases: 
1. Anno: a. A year ago, last pear: 
Plaut. — b. A full or whole year : Liv. 
— C. In each year, yearly: PL — 2. 
Annum, A year, during a whole year : 

Liv. — 3. Ad annum, For the coming 
year: Cic— 4. In annum , For a year : 
Liv. — B. Esp.: Polit. if. t.: The year 
to which one must have attained in 
order to be appointed to an office ; 
official year: subito reliquit annum 
suum, seseque in annum proximum 
transtulit, Cic. II. Me ton.: A. A 
part or season of the year: nunc form- 
osissimus annus, Virg. — B. The pro- 
duce of the year, harvest: nee arare 
terram aut exspectare annum, Tac. — 
C. Age, time of life: rugis integer 
annus, Prop. *|[ Hence, Fr. an. 

an-nuto, no perf, nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. [for ad-nuto] To nod much or 
often to, to nod to : Plaut. 

ann-uus, a, um, adj. [ann-usj 
(Pertaining to an annus; hence) 1. 
That lasts a year; of a years duration: 
tempus, Cic' — 2, That returns, recurs, 
or happens every year; yearly , annual : 
sacra, Virg. 

an-quiro, sivi, situm, rere, 3. v. a. 
[for an-quEero] I. Prop.: To seek on 
all sides (i.e. with care); to search after : 
aliquem, Cic. II. Fig.: A. Gen.: 
To inquire into by searching, to examine : 
anqurrentibus nobis, Cic. B. Esp.: 
Law t. t. : 1. To institute a careful, 
judicial inquiry or examination : de 
perduellione, Liv. — 2. To impeach, to 
accuse a person : (with Gen. or Abl.): 
quum capitis anquisissent, Liv. : capite 
anquisitus, id. 

anqiiis-itus (for anquses-itus), a, 
um, P. of anquiro, fr. root anqu;es. 

ansa, se, /. [akin to Sanscrit amsa, 
"shoulder"] I. Prop.: A handle: 
molli circum est ansas amplexus 
acantho,Virg. II. Fig.: A handle; i.e. 
occasion, opportunity: reprehensionis, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. anse. 

ans-atus,a, um, adj. [ans-a] Fur- 
nished with, or having, a handle or 
[ handles : vas, Col. — As Subst. : ansa- 
tus, i, m. (sc. homo) A man with 
handles, i. e. with his arms a kimbo : 

1. anser, eris, m. [akin to Sanscrit 
Jiamsa.Qreek.xr) v\ A goose: Liv.; Hor. 

2. Anser, eris, m. [1. anser] 
(Goose). Anser; a poet, a friend of 
the triumvir Antonius, who presented 
him with an estate at Falernum. 

Antaeus, i, m., 'Avtcuos (One op- 
posite ; an adversary). Antaeus ; a 
Libyan giant slain by Hercules. 

Antandros(-us),i,/., v Ai>Tai/Spo?. 
Antandros or Antandrus; a maritime 
town of Mysia, at the foot of Ida. — 
Hence, Antandr-ius, a, um, adj. Of 

antS (old form anti), prccp. and 
adv. [akin to Sanscrit ati, "ultra;" 
Gr. ami] I. Pra;p.c. Ace. : A. Prop.: 
Of place : Before, in front of: ante 
hortulos piscari, Cic: ante se statuit 
funditores, Liv. B. Fig.: 1. To de- 
note preference in estimation or judg- 
ment, or precedence in rank : Before: 
quern ante me diligo, before myself, 
more than myself, Cic — P articular 
•phrases: a. Ante aliquem esse, To 
surpass, excel any one : Sail.; Liv. — b. 
Ante omnia : (a) Before all other 

things, i. e. above all, especially, chiefly. 
Liv.; Virg.— (b) First of alt, in tte 
firstplace: Quint.— 2. Of time : Before: 
ante Socratem,Cic: ante Jovem nulli 
subigebant arva coloni, Virg. — P ar t- 
icular phrases: a. Ante tempus.' 
(a) Before the fitting, right time: Liv. 
— (b) Before the established, fixed, 
lawful time: Cic. — b. Ante diem : (a) 
Before the time: Ov. — (b) Before the 
time destined by fate: Ov.; Virg. — c. 
Ante hunc diem nunquam, Never be* 
fore, never unHl now: Plaut.; Ter. 
©alT" Ante, with dies (abbrev. a. d.) 
and an ordinal number, gives the date, 
not of the foregoing, but of the present 
day, e. g. ante diem quintum (a. d. V.) 
Calendas Apriles, the fifth (not the 
sixth) dav before the Calends of April. 

II. Adv.: A. Prop.: Of place: Be- 
fore, in front, forward: non ante, sed 
retro, Cic: pallida Tisiphone Morbos 
agit ante Metumque, Virg. — B. Fig.: 
1. Of time: a. Before, previously 
(placed sometimes before and some- 
times after the subst.): multis ante 
sseculis, Cic: ante quadriennium,/owr 
years previous, Tac. — P articular 
combinations: (a) With multo^ 
paullo, tanto, etc.: Much, a little, so 
much, etc., before: Cic. — (b) With 
quam (sometimes written as one word, 
antequam) : Sooner than ; before : Cic. 
— b. With subst. as adj.: neque enim 
ignari sumus ante malorum, the ear- 
lier ', previous calamities, Virg. — 2. To 
denote order: Fint, in the first place: 
et ante dicam de his, qua?, etc., Cels. 

III. In composition: A. Prop.: Of 
place: Before, in front: antepono. 
B. Fig.: 1. Of degree, etc.: Before, 
above, beyond: antepotens. • — 2. Of 
time : Before, prior to, previously, etc.: 

ant-ea (old form, antidea or 
anteidea), adv. [prob. for ant-eam; 
fr. ant-e, is, (Ace.) ea-m] 1. Definite : 
Formerly, earlier, before, aforetime, in 
time past, etc. : antea, quum equester 
ordo judicaret, Cic. —2. Indefinite: 
Formerly, previously, once, in time 
past : clipeis antea Romani usi sunt ; 
deinde scuta pro clipeis fecere, Liv. 

ante-capio, cepi, captum, capere, 
3. v.a.: I. Prop.: To take before- 
hand, to preoccupy : pontem, Tac II. 
Fig.: A. To obtain or receive previ- 
ously : antecepta informatio, Cic. — B. 
To anticipate: tempus legatorum, Sail. 

ante-cedo, cessi, cessum, cedere, 
3. v. n. : I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To go 
before, precede: antecedens scelestus, 
Hor. : (with Ace. dependent on prep, 
■in verb) antecesserat legiones, Cic. B. 
Esp.: To get the start: magnis itiner- 
ibus antee'essit, Cass. K. Fig.: A. 
To precede : 1 . In rank or order : huio 
rei, Cic. — 2. In time : ha?c (sc. dies) 
ei antecessit. Tor. — B. To have the 
advantage over; to excel, surpass: na- 
tura hominis pecudibus antecedit, 
Cic. : (with Ace. dependent on prep, 
in verb) eum in amicitia, Nep. — C, 
To become eminent or distinguished) 
etc. : honore et astate, Cic. 

ant8«cello, no perf. nor sup., erej 



8. v. n. (To rise or be raised before 
or in front; Fig.) To distinguish one' s 
self above some person or thing ; to 
excel, surpass, be superior: omnibus 
ingenii gloria, Cic. : vestrte exercit- 
ationi ad honorem, with respect to 
honour, id. gggT In Pass, force : qui 
omnibus his rebus antecelluntur, 
Auct. Her. 

anteces-slo, onis,/. [foranteced- 
sio ; fr. anteced-o] I. Prop.: A go- 
ing before or preceding: Cio. II. 
Met on. : That which precedes, an 
antecedent, etc. : Cic. 

anteces-sor, oris, m.- [for anteced- 
sor; fr. anteced-o] (He who goes before; 
hence) Milit. t. t. : prps. only Plur. : 
The advanced guard of an array: Hirfc. 
*f Hence (from lit. meaning), Fr. 
(old) antecesseur, (mod.) ariceires; Eng. 

anteces-sus, us, m. (only in Ace. 
Sing., and in the expression in ante- 
cessura) [for anteoed-sus; fr. ante- 
ced-o] A going before in time : in 
antecessum, in advance, beforehand, 
previously: Flor. 

ante-eur-sor, oris, m. [for ante- 
curr-sor ; fr. ante ; curr-o] (He who 
runs before; hence) Milit. I. t. (prps. 
only Plur.) : The advanced guard, 
pioneers of an army : Cees. 

ante-So , ivi or Xi, no sup., ire (old 
forms : antideo for anteeo, Plaut. : 
antidit for antei t , id . : anteir e ( trisyll . ) , 
Lucr. : anteis(dissyll.),Hor. : anteit, 
id. : anteirent (trisyll.), Virg. :—Fut.: 
antibo, Tac. : — Pres. Subj. : anteat, 
Ov. : — Pluperf. Subj. : antissent, Tac. : 
— Pluperf. Inf. : antisse, id.), v. n. : 
I. Prop.: To go before, precede, in 
space : barbarum jubebatanteire,Cic.: 
prretoribus, id.: (with Ace. dependent 
on prep, in verb); te, Hor. II. Fig. : 
A. Of time : 1. To anticipate, precede, 
etc. : astatem honoribus, Li v.— 2. To 
prevent : damnationem, Tac. — B. 
Mentally : To know beforehand, fore- 
know: quid vellet crastinus Auster 
Anteibat, Sll. — C. Of degree : To ex- 
cel, surpass : his astate, Cic. : qui cand- 
ore nives anteirent, cursibus auras, 
Virg. — D. Of opposition : To stand out 
against, resist: auctoritati parentis, 

ante-fero, tuli, latum, ferre, 3. 
v. a. I. P r o p. : To bear or carry be- 
fore one, etc. : fasces, Cass. II. Fig.: 
A. Of estimation: To place before, 
prefer: se patruo, Cic. : pacem bello, 
id. — B. In time : To bring forward 
before something else ; to take first : 
id consilio, Cic. 

ante-fix-ns, a, um, adj. [for 
ante ; fig-sus? ; fr. ante ; fig-o] Fastened, 
or attached, before or in front: truncis 
arborum antefixa ora, Tac. — As Subst. : 
antefixa, ortim, n. Ornaments, im- 
ages, statues, etc., affixed to the frieze 
of a house or temple : Liv. 

ante-gredior, essus sum, edi, 3. 
v. dep. [for ante-gradior] (To step be- 
fore; hence) To go before, precede: 
antegressa est honestas, Cic. 

ante-habSo, prps. no perf. nor 
mp., ere, 2. v. a. (To regard before 

something; hence) To prefer: in- 
credilia veris, Tao. 

ante-hac (old form, antidhac, 
freq. in Plaut. : antehac, dissyll., 
H,or.), adv. [prob. for ante-hanc ; fr. 
ante ; hie, (Ace.) hanc] 1. Demon- 
strative : Before this present time ; be- 
fore now: Cic. — 2. Relative: Before 
that time, formerly, previously: Sail. 

ante=la=tus, a um, [ante ; root 
nA : v. fero, init.} P. of antefero. 

ante-luc-anus, a, um, adj. [ante; 
lux, luc-is] That is, or takes place, be- 
fore daybreak : tempus, Cic. 

ante-meridi-anus, a, um, adj. 
[ante; meridi-es] Before mia-day : Cic. 

ante-mitto, misi, missum, mitt- 
ere, 3. v. a. To send before or forward : 

Ant-emn-88, arum, /. [for Ant- 
amn-ce ; fr. ant-e; amn-is] (The things 
before or in front of the stream) Ant- 
emnos ; a town of the Sabines, so called 
from its situation on the river Anio, 
where it falls into the Tiber. — Hence, 
Antemn-ates, rum, m. The people 
of Antemnas. 

ante-mcenio, no perf. nor sup., 
ire, 4. v. a. (To fortify in front; hence) 
To furnish with a front wall, i. e. with 
a rampart, bulwark, etc. : Plaut. 

antenna (-mna)? se, /. [prob. 
akin to avareivoi] (The extended thing ; 
hence) I. Prop. : A sail-yard: Caes. 
II. Me ton. .* A sail: Ov. «ft" Hence, 
Fr. antenne". 

Antenor, oris, m., 'AvTrjvup (In- 
stead of man, or before men). Anten- 
or ; a noble Trojan, who was in favour 
of restoring Helen, and making peace 
with the Greeks: after the fall of Troy, 
he went to Italy, and founded Patavium 
(Padua). —Hence, 1. Antenor-eus, 
a, um, adj. (Prop. Pertaining to Anten- 
or; Meton.) Patavian, Paduan. — 2. 
Antenor-ides, se, m. A son or de- 
scendant of Antenor. 

ante-pes, pedis, m. : I. P r o p. : TJie 
forefoot: Cic, II. Meton.: A fore- 
runner, etc. : Juv. 

ante-pilan-us, i, m. [ante; pil- 
an-i] (One before Hit pilani; hence) 
Milit. t. t.: A soldier who fought before 
the pilani : one of the hastati or of the 
principes : Liv. 

ante-pono, p5sui, positum, po- 
nere, 3. v. a.: I. Prop.: To place 
or set before: pranditim pransoribus, 
Plaut. II. Fig.: To prefer: amici- 
tiam omnibus rebus,. Cic. 

ante-potens, entis, adj. Exceed- 
ingly powerful : Plaut. 

ante-quam, v. ante. 

antes, Turn, in. Rows, or ranks, of 
vines, etc. : Virg. 

ante-sign-aims, i, w.[ante; sign- 
um] (One before the signum ; hence) 
1. Plur. : The antesignani; a chosen 
band of Roman soldiers, who fought 
before the standards, and served for 
their defence : Cass.; Liv. — 2§, A leader, 
commander : in acie, Cic. 

ante-sto (anti-), steti, no sup., 
stare, I. v. n. (To stand before; hence) 
I. To excel, be superior to : Crotoniatas 
omnibus antesteterunt, Cic. II. To 

or be, distinguisfied : Herculit» 
antestare si facta putabis, Lucr. 

an-testor, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[for ant-testor ; f r. ant-e ; testor] Te 
summon as a witness previously to the 
opening of the cause (the formula 
was : licet antestari ? and the person 
gave his assent by offering the tip of 
his ear, which the summoner touched) 
I. Prop. : Law t. t. : Hor. ; PL II. 
Fig.: te antestaretur, Cic. 

ante-vemo, veni, ventum, ven'fre, 
4. v. n.\ I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To 
become or arrive before: tempus, Claud. 
B. Fsp.: To get the start of , anticipate: 
huic, Plant.: (with Ace. dependent on 
prep, in verb) exercitum, Sail. II. 
Fig.: A. To prevent, frustrate * oon- 
silia et insidias, Sail. — B. To exceed, 
surpass, excel: omnibus rebus, Plant.: 
(with Ace. dependent on prep, in verb) 
nobilitatem, Sail. — C. To become great 
or distinguished: multum antevenere 
(sc. beneficia), Tac. 

ante-verto (-vorto), ti, sum, 
tere, 3. v. a. and n. (To turn one's self 
before or in front of something ; hence) 
I. Prop. : To go before, precede : turn 
antevertens (sc. Stella), turn subsequ- 
ens, Cic. II. Fig.: A. Of time: 
1. To anticipate, get the start or before: 
Fannius antevertit, Cic— 2. To pre- 
vent: veneno damnationem, Tac. — B. 
Of estimation, etc.: To place before, 
prefer to : omnibus rebus, Cass. 

ante-vertor, no perf., i, 3. v. dep. 
[id.] = anteverto, no. II. B. To place 
before, prefer to : rebus, Plaut. 

Anthedon, onis,/., 'KvQrfiwv (The 
flowery one, i. e. the bee). Antiiedon; 
a town and harbour of Boeotia. 

antlcipa-tio, onis,/. [anticip(a)- 
o] A preconception, innate notion : Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. anticipation. 

ant-i-cip-o, avi, atum, are, I, v. a. 
and n. [for ant-i-cap-o ; fr. ant-e ; (i); 
cap-io] (To take before; hence) I. To 
anticipate: A. Act.: aliquid mentibus, 
Cic. — B. Neut.: anticipantibus (sc. 
ventis), PI. II. To traverse sooner: 
viam, Ov. If Hence, Fr. anticiper. 

ant-icus, a, um, adj. [ant-e] T/iat 
is before or in front; fore-: pars, Cic. 

Antlcyra, se (-ee, arum, Pers.), 
/., 'Av-TiKvpa : Anticyra; 1. An island 
in the Sinus Maliacus, famous for 
hellebore.— 2, A town in Phocis (now 

antldea, anteidea, v. antea. 

antideo, v. ante-eo. 

antidhac, v. antehac. 

antidotus, i./., -um,i, w. = <W- 
Sotov. (A thing given in opposition): 
I. Prop.: A counterpoison, antidote 
Suet. II. F i g. : A n antidote : ad versus 
Ca-sarem, Suet. «J Hence, Fr. anti- 

Antigone, es, -a, as,/., A^n-yoi^. 
Antigone or Antigona: 1. Daughter of 
(Edipus.— 2. Daughter of laomedon. 

Antlgonea (-la) , se,f. , 'Avnyoveia 
(A thing— e. g. town— pertaining to 
A ntigonus) . A n tigonea or A ntigon ia ; 
a town: 1. In Epir us. —Hence, Ant- 
igon-ensis, e, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Aatigonea. — 2. In Macedonia. 



Ant?g5ntlS, I, m., 'AvrLyovcx;. 
Antigonus; the name of several kings 
after Alexander the Great. 

AntllSchus, i, m., 'Af-riAoxo?. 
Antilochus; a son of Nestor, slain by 
Eeclor before Troy. 

Antimachus, i, m., 'AimVaxo? 
(One fighting against). Antimachus: 

1. A Greek poet of Colophon, con- 
tenworary with Socrates and Plato. — 

2. A Centaur slain by Cceneus. 
AntlQchia («ea), se,f., 'A^ndxeia 

(A thing — e. g. city — pertaining to 
Antiochus). Antioch ; a city founded 
by Seleucus Nicator, and named after 
his father Antiochus ; the chief town of 
Syria, on the Orontes (now Antakia). — 
Hence, Antioch-enses,ium,m. The 
people of Antioch. 

Antiochus, i, m., *AurCoxo<; (He 
who drives against). Antiochus: 1. 
The name of several Syrian kings, 
among whom Antiochus Magnus was 
most distinguished. — 2. An Academic 
philosopher, a teacher of Cicero and 
Brutus. — Hence, Antioch-Inus 
(-eus), a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, Antiochus. 

Antl5pa, as, -e, es, /., 'Avtiottv. 
Antiopa or Antiope; a daughter of 
Nycteus, wife of Lycus king of Thebes, 
mother of Amphion and Zeihus. 

Antiphates, ee, m., 'AuTHfraTYis 
(Contradicter). Antiphates: 1. A king 
of the Lcestrygones. — 2. A son of 
Sarpedon, slain by Turnus. 

antipodes, um, m. = ai/TiVoSes 
(Having feet opposite) . The antipodes : 
Pig.: Of revellers who turn night to 
day, and day to night : Sen. ^ Hence, 
Fr. antipodes. 

Antipolis, is, /., 'At/TtTroAts (Rival 
city). Antipolis; a city of Gaul (now 
Antibes). — Hence, Antlpolitanus, 
a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Anti- 
polis ; Antipolitan. 

antiqu-aria, se, /. [antiqu-us] 
{One pertaining to the antiquus ; hence) 
A female antiquary ■; Juv. 

antiqu-arius, Ii, m. [id.] (ib.) 
An antiquary, archaeologist: Tac. ^f 
Hence, f if.anliquaire. 

antiqu-e, adv. [id.] Like the 
ancients : antique dicere, Hor. : ( Comp.) 
antiquius uti, Tac. 

antiqu-itas, atis, /. [id.] (The 
condition or quality of the antiquus; 
hence) 1.: a. Prop. : Ancient time, 
antiquity: Cic— b. Me ton, : (a) (a) 
The events of antiquity, the history of 
ancient times, antiquity : Cic. — (jS) 
Plur. : As a title of archaeological 
works: Antiquities: G-ell. — (b) Men of 
former times, the ancients: errabat 
antiquitas, Cic— 2. Primitive virtue, 
integrity, honesty, etc.: documentum 
antiquitatis, Oic— 3. Great age: gen- 
evis, Cic. % Hence, Fr. antiquitL 

antiqu-iftiis, adv. [id.] I. Prop.: 
From ancient times, from antiquity: 
Liv. II. Me ton.: Informer times, 
of old, anciently : Cajs. 

antiqu-o, avi, atum, are 1. v. a. 

[id.] (To make antiquus ; hence) Polit. 

t. 1. (Prop. : To render old or obsolete ; 

Meton.) To reject a law, etc.. not to 


adopt a law, etc. legem agrarlam, 

ant-iquus, a, um, adj. [ant-e] 
(Belonging to ante ; hence) 1 . : a. 
Prop.: That has been, or has been done, 
before; former, old, ancient : concordia, 
Plaut.: causa, Cic. — As Subst. : ant- 
iqui, orum, m. The ancients (esp. 
ancient writers): Cic; Hor. — b. Fig.: 
Old, ancient, i. e. : (a) Simple, honest, 
pure, etc.: homo antiqua virtute et 
fide, Ter. — (b) Venerable, illustrious: 
terra antiqua, potens armis, Virg. — 
2. Past, gone by, former: vulnus, Ov. 
— 3. (in Comp. and Sup.) That is be- 
fore or first in value or importance ; 
more or most celebrated ov famous ; pre- 
ferable or better: antiquiorei fuitlaus, 
quam regnum, Cic: judiciorum caus- 
ani antiquissimam se habiturum dixit, 
id. — 4. That has been in existence or 
done a long time; of long standing; 
old, ancient: opus. Cic: tempia, Hor. 
— Particular phrase: Antiquum 
obtinere, To retain an old custom or 
habit: Plaut. — 5. Aged: forma turn 
vertitur oris Antiquum in Buten, 
Virg. *f Hence, Fi. antique. 

antist-es, itis, m. and /. [ant- 
ist-o] (One standing before another; 
hence) 1.: a. Masc: An overseer of a 
temple, etc., a chief priest: Cic; Nep. 
— b. Fern. : A female overseer of a 
temple, etc., a chief priestess : Liv. — 2. 
A master in any science or art : artis 
dicendi, Cic. 

antistlt-a, te,f. [antistes, antistit- 
is] A chief priestess: Cic; Ov. 

antisto, v. antesto. 

antltheton, i, n. — avTideTav. Op- 
position, antithesis: Pers. 

Antluin, ii, n. Antium; a town of 
Latium (now Anzio). — Hence, An» 
ti-ates, mm, m. (sc. cives) The in- 
habitants of Antium. — Hence, Antiat» 
Inus, a, um, adj. Antian. 

antHa, se,/.— avrXia (A drawing 
thing). A machine for drawing water, 
worked with the foot ; a pump: Mart. 

Anton-inus, i, m. [Anton-ius] 
(One pertaining to Antonius) Antonin- 
us: the name of several Roman em- 
perors.— Hence, Antonln-iamis, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Anton- 
inus; Antoninian. 

Antonius, ii, m., -a, sb /. Antonius 
and Antonia; the name of a Roman 
gens (patrician and plebeian)'. I. An- 
tonius: A. M. Antonius, the disting- 
uished triumvir, conquered by Octav- 
ianus at Actium; a mortal enemy of 
Cicero. — B. M. Antonius, a celebrated 
orator just before the time of Cicero. — 
C. C. Antonius, Cicero's colleague in the 
consulship. II. Antonia ; a daughter of 
the triumvir Antonius. 

antrum, i, n. = ai>7pov: I. Prop.: 
A cave, cavern, grotto: gratum, Hor. 
II. Meton.: A. The hoi tow of a tret : 
exesas arboris, Virg. — B. A sedan (as 
it were, hollowed out) : Juv. *$ Hence, 
Fr. antre. 

Xniibis, is and Mis (Ace. Anubin, 
Prop.; Anubim, PI.), m., 'AvovfiCs 
[Egypt, word] Anubis; an Egyptian 

deity, with the head of a dog tb,etutelary 
deity of the chase. 

anul-arms (ann-) a, um, adj, 
[anul-us] Of, or pertaining to, a rimy. 
Vitr.; Suet.— As Subst. : anularius, 
Xi,m. (sc.j&beY) A ring-maker: Cic. 

anul-atns (ann-), a, um, adj. 
[id.] Furnished with a ring: aures, 

an-tUns (ann-), i, m. dim. [2. 
an-us] (A ^'i'ftZeanus; hence) I. Prop.: 
A. A ring, esp. for the finger, a finger- 
ring ; and for sealing, a seal-ring, a 
signet-ring: de digito anulum detraho, 
Ter.: sigilla anulo imprimere, Cic — 
The right to wear a gold ring was 
possessed, in the time of the Republic, 
only by the knights (equites) ; hence, 
equestris, Hor. : anulum invenit (= 
eques factus est), Cic — B. A ring for 
curtains : PI.— C. A ring round the 
leg of slaves ; a pedicle: Mart. II. 
Meton.; A lock of hair (in the form 
of a ring); a ringlet: Mart. ^ Hence, 
Fr. anneau. 

1. a-nus, i, m. [for as-nus; fr. 
Sanscrit root as, sedere] (The silting 
thing; hence) The fundament: Cic. 

2. an-us, i, m. [fr. same root as 
an-nus] (That which goes round; 
hence) A ring: Plaut. 

3. anus, us (Gen. Sing., anftis, 
Ter.),/. [prps. connected with an-te] 
An old woman (married or unmar- 
ried) ; a matron, old wife, old maid : 
delira, Cic : Sabella, an old Sabine 
woman, i.e. a soothsayer or diviner, 
Hor. — As Adj.i Old, aged: cerva anus, 

anxl-e, adv. [anxi-us] Anxiously: 

anxl-etas, atis,/. [id.] (Tlie state 
of the anxius; hence) 1. Anxiety, 
solicitude, as a permanent condition : 
differ t anxietas ab angore, Cic— 2. 
Temporary or .passing trouble, fear, 
solicitude, etc : animi, Ov. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. anxidte". 

anxi-fer, era, Srum, adj. [anxi-us; 
fer-o] Causing or bringing anxiety? 
cura3, Cic.,inis,/. [anxi-us] (The 
condition or state of the anxius ; hence) 
Anxiety, trouble, anguish: Cic 

anxius, a, um, adj. [for ang-sius ; 
fr. ang-o] I. Pass. : (Tormented: 
hence) Anxious, troubled, solicitous ■ 
animus, Cic : curis, Ov. : (with Gen. 
denoting mind) animi, Sail. : (witk 
object of anxiety expressed by Abl., 
Gen., de,pro, Ace, ad, ne c. Subj., or 
Relative clause) gloria, Liv.: inopia?, 
id. : de fama. Quint.: pro moribus, 
PI.: vicem, Liv.: ad eventum, Luc: 
ne bellum oriatur, Sail.: anreperiret, 
Tac. II, Act. : (Tormenting ; hence) 
That troubles, makes anxious or solicit- 
ous ; troublesome : eegritudines, Cic. 
^" Hence, Fr. anxieux. 

Anxur, uris, n. (m., Mart.) Anxur\ 
a town of Latium (also called Terra- 
cina).— Hence, 1. Anxiir-ns, a,um, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, AnJcw\—2, 
Anxur-as, atis, adj. Of, or belong* 
ing to, Anxur. 

J£nytus, i, m. t "Awrot (Accou* 



Dlislter). Anytus ; tme of the accusers 
nf Socrates, 

Aones, urn, m., adj. {Ace. Plur. 
A.onas) "Aor-e?. Boeotian. 

Aonia, re, f., 'Aovia. I. Prop.: 
Aorua ; a part of Boeotia in which are 
Mtuate the Aonian mountains, Mount 
Helicon, and the fountain Aganippe. — 
Hence, Aoni-us, a, urn, adj. (Nom. 
Sing. Fern., Aonie, Gr. Form, Virg.) 
Of, or belonging to, Aonia; Aonian. 
XL Meton.: Boeotia. — Hence, Aon- 
ius, a, urn, adj. Boeotian: vir, i.e. 
Hercules, Ov.: dens, i.e. Bacchus, id. 

Aonides, urn, /., 'AovCSes. The 
Aonian Maidens, i. e. the Muses. 

Aornos, i, ra./Aopfo? (Birdless). 
Tlxe Lake Avernus (now Lago d'Av- 

a/page, Aicay with 
thee! begone.' avaunt! etc.; also : Away 
with it! away ! off with it ! apage ; haud 
nos id deceat, Plant. : (with Ace, or 
ab) apage a me sorores, id. 

Xpella, as, m. Apella; a man's 

Xpelles, is (Voc. Apella, Plant.), 
w,., 'ArrtAA^?. Apelles; a Greek painter 
in the time of Alexander the Great. — 
Hence, Apell-eus, a,um,ac£/. Of, or 
belonging to, Apelles. 

Apennin-i-col-a, re, comm. [A- 
pennin-us ; (i); col-o] An inhabitant of 
the Apennines. 

Apennin-i-gen-a, re, m. adj. 
[Apermin-ns; (i); gen-o] I. Prop.: 
Bom on the Apennines: Apenninigenre 
pastores, Claud. II. Meton.: Of a 
river : Rising in the Apennines : Tibris, 

Apraminns (App-), i, m. [Gallic 
pen, " mountain-summit"] The Apen- 
nines; the lofty mountain-chain that 
runs diagonally across Italy. 

aper, apri, m. [akin to_ Greek 
Ka7rpo9] A wild boar: setosi caput 
apri, Virg. 

a-per-io, ui, turn, ire {Fut. 
bid. aperibo, Plant), 4. v. a. [etym. 
dub. : but prob. ab ; root per, akin to 
Sanscrit root VRI, tegere] I. Prop.: 
To uncover; to make, or lay bare: Cic. 

II. Meton.: A. To open any thing 
shut or closed up; to unclose: fores, 
Ov. — B.: 1. Gen.: To make visible, 
discover, display, show, reveal: his 
undadehiscens Terram aperit, Virg. 
— 2. Esp.: Of a place, nation, etc.: 
To reveal, discover, render accessible, 
etc.: novas gentes, Tac.— C. 5To lay 
or throw open a road, etc.: ferro iter, 
Ball. — D. Of the year : To open, begin : 
annum, Virg.— E. Of a school, etc.: 
To establish, set up, begin: Dionysius 
Corinthi dicitui* ludum aperuisse, Cic. 
— F. To lay open the interior of any 
thing ; to split, etc.: ftiste caput, Juv. 

III. Fig.: A. Gen.: To discJose, tin- 
veil, reveal, make known, unfold, etc.: 
occulta quredam et quasi involuta 
aperiri, Cic: (with Objective clause) 
quum jam directre in se prorse hostes 
appropinquareapcruissent, Liv. : (with 
Dependent clause) domino navis, qui 
ait, aperit, Nep. B. Esp.: 1. To 


make known, or declare one 1 & intention 
about; to promise, eta.: maxinte, quod 
Dccc aperuisti, Cic— 2. With Personal 
pron., or Pass, in reflexive force : To 
reveal or show one's self; i. e. to dis- 
close one's character, disposition, etc.: 
Ter.; Nep.; Ov. 

apert-e, adv. [apert-ns] 1. Openly, 
in the open plain : ubi vincere aperte 
Kon datur, etc., Ov. — 2. Openly {not 
secretly): non ex insidiis, sed aperte 
acpalam, Cic- — 3. Openly {not obscure- 
ly), plainly, obviously, clearly : {Comp.) 
scripsi apertius, Cic: {Sup.) apert- 
issime explicare, id. 

aper»tO, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. freq. [aper-io] To lay bare: 

aper-tns, a, um : 1. P. of aper-io. 
—2. Pa. : a. P r o p. : (a) G en. : Without 
covering, uncovered: naves apertre, 
without deck, Cic— -(b) Esp.: Of the 
sky : Not covered with clouds, etc. : un- 
clouded, cloudless, clear : ccelo invectus 
aperto, Virg.— b. Meton.: (a) Un- 
closed, open, not shut: {Sup.) nihil 
tarn clausum, quod non istius cupid- 
itati apertissmum esset, Cic — (b) 
Open, clear, free, unobstructed, etc.: 
{Comp.) apertior aditus ad mocnia, 
Liv. — As Subst.: apertum, i, n. 
That which is open, an open clear 
space: per apertum Fugientes, Hor. 
— Particular phrase: In aperto 
esse, (7b be in a clear unobstructed spot; 
i. e.) To be easy, readily practicable, 
etc: Tac — (c) In the open field: nee 
aperti copia Martis Ulla fuit, Ov.— c. 
Fig.: (a) Open, undisguised, public, 
not secret: apertum late-ocinium, Cic 
— Adverbial (expression: In 
aperto, Openly, publicly, in public: 
Tac— (b) Plain, evident, clear, mani- 
fest, not obscure: simultates, Cic — 
Particular phrase: In aperto 
esse, To be clear, evident, well known: 
Sail.— (c) Of discourse, etc.: Well-ar- 
ranged, clear, intelligible : narratio, 
Cic— (d) Of character : Without dis- 
simulation, frank, open, candid: ani- 
mus, Cic: pectus, id.— Ironically : ut 
semper fuit apertissimus, very open, 
frank (i. e. impudent, shameless), Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. (old) apert. 

apex, Ms, m. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop. : A tip, point, extremity, etc.: 
apicem collectus {sc. mons) in unum, 
Ov. II. Meton.: A. The cap of the 
Flamen Dia-lis: Liv.— B. A cap, hat, 
crown : ab aquila Tarquinio apicem 
impositum putent, Cic III. Fig.: 
The highest ornament, crown : apex 
senectutis est auctoritas, Cic 

Aphareus (trisyll.), ei, m. 'A<f>ap» 
evs (Mighty cleaver or plough er). 
Aphareus : 1 . A king of the Messenians. 
— Hence, Apharems, a, um, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Aphareus : proles, i. e. 
Lynceus and Idas, the sons of Aphareus. 
— 2. A centaur. 

apliractus, is, f.=a<f>paKro$ (un- 
guarded sc. by bulwarks). An undecked 
vessel, or a vessel with only a partial 
declc: Cic 

aphronitrum, i, n. — a<f>p6i>iTpov. 
The efflorescence of saltpetre: Mart. 

apic-afais, a, wm,adj. [apex, apt© 
is] {Provided with an apex; hence) 
Adorned with a flamen 's cap : Ov. 

Apicms, li, m. Apicius ; a notoriom 
epicure under Augustus and Tiberius. 

ap-icilla, re,/, dim. [ap-is] A litlh 
bee_i Plaut. <ff Hence, Fr. abeille. 

Apldanus, i, m., 'An-iSaixk (prob. 
Water-giver). The Apidanus; a river 
of Thessaly, which, uniting icith the 
Enipeus, flows into the Peneus. 

Xpina, re,/. I. Prop.: Apina; a 
poor and small town in Apulia. II. 
Me to n. : Plur.: Trifles : sunt apinre, 
tricreque, et si quid vilius istis, Mart, 

ap-io or ap-o, 3. v. a. obsol. [akin 
to Sanscrit root Av, assequi, adipiscQ 
To seize, bind, fasten, etc.: (found only 
in derivatives). 

Apiolae, arum, /. Apiolae ; a town 
of Latium. 

1. a-pi-s (a-p-es), is,/. {Gen. Plur. 
varies between turn and um) [prob. 
akin to Sanscrit root, pi, bibere, with 
prefix, a] {The drinker or sipper of the 
juices of flowers, etc.; hence) A bee,- 
apis Matinee More modoque, Hor. 

2. Apis, is, m. Apis; the ox, wor- 
shipped by the Egyptians. 

ap-iscor, tus sum, isci, 8. v. dep. 
[ap-io] I. Prop.: To seize or lay hold 
of ; to take, seize upon: nullo cessabant 
tempore apisci Ex aliis alios avidi 
contagia morbi, Lucr. II. M e t o n. : 
To pursue eagerly, etc.: sine me ho- 
minora, Plaut. III. Fig.: A. Gen.: 
To reach, attain to, get, gain by effort* 
trouble, etc.: maris apiscendi causa, 
Cic: (with Gen.) dominationis, Tac 
B. E s p. : To reach with the mind, i. e. 
to perceive, understand, Lucr. 

apriiHi, ti, n. [etym. dub. : prob. 
akin to Sanscrit ap, "water"] {The 
thing pertaining to water ; hence) Celery 
or water-parsley ; also parsley in gen- 
eral.— The leaves of one species (water 
parsley, our celery) were often used 
by the ancients for chaplets on ac- 
count of their strong fragrance : Virg.; 
Hor. % Hence. Fr. ache. 

aplustre, is, n. {Nom. Plur. aplus- 
tra, Lucr.— Bat. Plur. aplustris, id.) 
— afyXaarov. Hie aplustre; a carved 
ornament on the upper part of the stem 
of a ship : Luc. ; Sil. 

apodyterrum, Ti, n. =airoSvTripiov. 
The undressing-room {in a bathing- 
house): Cic. 

apolactizo, perf. nor 
sup., are, 1. v. a. =■ kiroXaKri^M (to 
thrust from one's self with the foot) 
To spurn, scorn : inimicos, Plaut. 

Apollin-ar, aris,n. [Apollo, Apoh 
lin-is] {A thing belonging to Apollo; 
hence) A temple dedicated to Apollo: 

Xpollo, \ms,m., , ATr6X\oyv. Apollo; 
son of Jupiter and Latona; twin-brother 
of Diana ; the sun-god. On account of 
his alleged omniscience, god of divina- 
tion, and since he communicated oracles 
in verse, god of poetry and music, presid- 
ent of the Muses, etc On account of 
his lightnings, god of archery, and of 
the pestilence caused by heat; but, sinte 



Ins priests were the first physicians, also 
god of the healing art. — Hence, 1. 
Apollin-aris, e, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Apollo ; sacred to Apollo. — 2. Apoll- 
Jn-eus, a, um, adj. Relating, or £e- 
longing, to Apollo. 

Apollonia, aj, /., 'An-oAAwf/a (A 
thing 1 , — e. g. a town, — pertaining to 
Apollo). Apollonia. — 1. A town of 
JKtolia. — 2. A town of Macedonia (now 
Paleo-Chori). — 3. A town of Illy via 
(now Pollina). — Hence, Apollon- 
iatse, arum, -es, turn, m. The inhab- 
itants of Apollonia. — 4. / town of 
Crete. — Hence, Apollon-iates, as, 
m. An inhabitant of Apollonia. — 5. A 
town of Sicily. — Hence, Apollon- 
Sensis, e, adj., Belonging to Apollonia, 
Apollonian. — As Subst. : Apollon- 
Jenses, mm, on. (sc. incolas), The in- 
habitants of Apollonia. 

Xpollomd-enses, rum, m. The 
habitants of Apollonis in Lydia (between 
Pergamos andSardes). 

.Xpollonlus, ii, m., 'AttoAAcomck 
(One pertaining to Apollo). Apollon- 
ius ; a rhetorician of Rhodes. 

apolSgUS, i, w. = aTrdAoyo?. I. 
Gen.: A narrative: Plaut. II. Esp.: 
A fable, story, or tale: Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. apologue. 

apophorSta, orum, n. =<f>6p- 
t)Ta (Things carried away). Presents 
{which guests received at table, especially 
at the Saturnalia, to carry home with 
them): Suet. 

apStheca, ^,f.=a.noB^K-q (A thing 
pertaining to putting away) : I. G e n. 
A repository, store-house, magazine, 
warehouse, etc. : Cic. II. E s p. : A store- 
room for wine in the upper part of the 
house, where it was kept to be mellowed 
by smoke: PL; Hor. % Hence, Fr. bou- 

apparat-e (adp-),a<2». [apparat- 
us] 1 . Magnificently, sumptuously : 
(Comp.) apparatius coenare, PI. — 2. 
Of style : In a laboured way : nimium 
apparate, Auct. Her. 

appara-tio (adp-), onis, /. [ap- 
par(a)-o] A preparing, preparation: 
munerum, Cic. 

1. appara-tus (adp-), a, ran : 1. 
P. of appar(a)-o. — 2. Pa.: a. Prop.: 
(a) Of persons : Prepared, ready : 
Plaut. — (b) Of things : Well supplied, 
furnished: (Comp.) domus omnibus 
rebus apparatior, Cic. — fo. Me ton.: 
Magnificent, splendid, sumptuous:(Sup.) 
lodi apparatissimi, Cic— c. Fig.: Of 
g^yle: Too studied, far-fetched, labour- 
ed: oratio, Auct. Her. 

2. appara-tus (adp-), us, m, 
[&ppar(a)-o] I, Prop.: A preparing, 
providing, preparation, getting ready: 
bellL Cic. II. lie ton.: A. Appara- 
tus ; ' i. e. tooU, implements ; of war, 
baggage, engines, supplies, stores, the 
materiel, instruments, machines, etc.: 
auxiliorum, Liv. — B. A preparation 
on a magnificent scale; magnificence, 
splendour, pomp: regius, Cic. f Hence, 
Fr. apparat. 

ap-pareo (ad-), tii, Ttum, ere, 2. 
V. n. ffe-r ad-pareo] I, Prop,: A» 

G-en.: To appear at some place; to 
come in sight, appear or make one's 
appearance : anguis Sullee apparuit 
immolanti, Cic. B. Esp.: 1, To 
appear as a sej-vant, i. e. to attend, 
serve, etc.: sacerdotes dis apparent», 
Cic. — 2. To be visible, manifest, etc.: 
apparet vetus cicatrix, Ov. EL Fig.: 
To be evident, apparent, perceptible, etc. : 
ubi rhetoris tanta merces appareat, 
Cic: rebus angustis animosns atque 
Fortis appare, Hor.; Od. — Particul- 
ar phrases : A. Aliquid apparet, or 
(Impers.) apparet, Something, etc. (or 
it), is evident, clear, manifest, certain: 
Tcr.; Cic; Liv. — B. Aliquid apparet 
(esse), etc., Something evidently is, etc.: 
Cic; Liv. f Hence, Fr. apparoir, 

ap-parlo (ad-), nopeif. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-pario] To gain, 
obtain, acquire: Lucr. 

£vppar-Itlo (adp-), onis, /. Tap- 
par -co] I. Prop. : A serving, service, 
attendance: longa, Cic. II. Meton.: 
Household, domestics, servants : ex ne- 
cessariis apparitionibus, Cic. 

appar-Itor (adp-), oris, m. [id.] 
A servant, esp. a public servant, officer 
of a magistrate ; e. g. a lictor, etc. : Cic. 
*jf Hence, Fr. appariteur. 

ap-paro (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-paro] To prepare or 
make ready for a person or thing ; to 
put in order, provide, ^tc: convivium, 
Cic: ut eriperes apparabas, Plaut.: 
(Impers. Pass.) dum apparatur, Ter. 

appella-tlo (adp-), onis, /. [2. 
appell(a)-o] 1. An addressing or ac- 
costing: Cass.— 2. An appealing, appeal: 
Cic; PL; Suet.— 3. (Prop.: A naming 
or entitling ; Meton.) A name, title, ap- 
pellation: Cic — 4. A naming or calling: 
PL — 5. A pronouncing, pronunciation, 
utterance: Cic % Hence, Fr. appellation. 

appella-tor (adp-), oris, m. [id.] 
One who appeals, an appellant: Cic 

appell-fto (adp-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. freq. [id.] To call often or 
habitually ; to be accustomed to call or 
name: Coelium appellitatum a Coele 
Vibenna, Tac. 

1. ap-pello (ad-), puli, pulsum, 
pellere, 3. v. a. [for ad-pello] I. P r o p. : 
A. Gen.: To drive, move, bring, etc, 
to or towards a person or thing. — B. 
Esp.: Naut. t.L: 1. Appellere navem, 
etc.; or simply appellere, To bring or 
conduct a ship, etc., to some land or 
place: Cic; Liv.- 2. Nave appellere, 
or Pass, in reflexive force (To bring 
one's self in a ship; i. e.) To arrive, 
land, etc: Suet.; Cic— 3. Navis, etc., 
appellit, A vessel, etc, arrives at, or 
comes, to a place, etc.: Tac; Suet.— 4. 
Appellere aliquem, To bring or drive 
one somewhere : Virg. II. Fig.: To 
bring to some pursuit, etc. : animum ad 
scribendum, Ter.: mentem ad philo- 
sophiam, Cic 

2. ap-pello (ad»), avi, atum, are 
(Perf.Subj. appellassis for appellaveris, 
Ter.), 1. v. a. [id.] (In reflexive force: 
To bring, etc, one's self to a person in 
order to address, etc. ; hence) I. P r o p. : 
A. Gen.: To address, speak to, accost, 

etc: 1. By word of mouth: aliquem 
hilari vultu, Cic — 2. By letter : nog 
Uteris appellate, Cic. B. Esp.: 1.: 
a. With accessory notion of request 
etc.: To apply to, entreat, request, beg, 
etc: vos etiarn atque etiam imploro 
et appello, Cic. — b. With accessory 
notion of tampering with : To address 
one in order to urge to something bad ; 
to tamper with : Blattius de proditione 
Dasium adpellabat, Liv. — c. Law 1. 1.: 
With accessory notion of seeking aid : 
To call upon for assistance ; to appeal 
to for protection, etc.: tribunos, Cic 
— 2. To address in order to demand 
something or to obtain payment; to 
dun, press, for money, etc.: me ut 
sponsorem appellat, Cic. — 3. To go to 
a judge, etc., with a complaint respect- 
ing some one ; to complain of, accuse, 
impeach, indict, etc.: ne appellentur, 
Cic — 4. To name, call, entitle a person 
or thing : (with second Ace. of further 
definition) te sapientem, Cic: (Pass, 
follcl. by Nom.) rex ab suis appellatur, 
Caes. — 5. To mention by name, name: 
quos non appello hoc loco, Cic. — 6. 
To pronounce, etc: literas, Cic II. 
Fig.: A. To require: non appellate 
solo, PL — B. To indicate, make known : 
quos ssepe nutu appello, Cic. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. appeler. 

appendie-iila, aa, /. dim. [ap- 
pendix, appendic-is] A small append- 
age: Cic. 

append-ix, tcis, /. [append-oj 
(Pro]).: That which hangs to any thing, 
an appendage; Meton.) An addition, 
supplement, or accession to any thing : 
Btrusci belli, Liv. f Hence, Fr. ap~ 

ap-pendo (ad-), di, sum, dere, 
3. v. a. [for ad-pendo] To weigh some- 
thing to one : I. P r o p. : ei appendit 
aurum, Cic. II. Fig.: non verba me 
annumerare lectori putavi oportere, 
sed tanqnam appendere, i. e. to have 
regard not to their number, but to their 
weight: Cic. 

appen-sus (adp-) (for append- 
sus), a, urn, P. of append-o. 

appet-ens (adp-), entis: 1. P. of 
appet-o. — 2. Pa.: a. Striving passion- 
ately after, eager for : (with Gen.) 
(Comp.) appetentior famge,Tac :(Sup.) 
appetentissimi honest atis, Cic — b. 
Eager for money, grasping, avaricious: 
homo non eupidus, neque appetens, 

app§ten-ter (adp-), adv. [for 
appetent-ter ; fr. appetens, appetent- 
is] Eagerly, greedily : agere, Cic. 

appetent-Ia (adp-), re,/, [fr. id.] 
Desire, longing, appetite, etc.; Cic; PL 

appet-Itio (adp«),onis,/. [appet- 
o] 1. A grasping at: solis, Cic — 2. 
An earnest desire or longing; strong 
inclination : animi, Cic. 

1. appgt-ltus (adp-), a, ma, P. 
of appet-o. 

2. appet-Itus (adp-), us, m. [ap- 
pet-o] I. Prop.: A passionate longing., 
eager desire : volnptatis, Cic Ili 
Meton. : Passion., the appetdes: Cic, 
% Hence, Fr. appdtit. 

ap-peto (ad-), Ivi or u, ltum, 



See, 8. v. a. and ». [for ad-peto] I. 
Act,: To fall upon in a hostile manner; 
to attack, assault, assail: A. Prop.: 
os oeulosqne host is rostro cb tmguibus 
appetiit, Liv. B. Fig. : ignominiis 
appetitua, Cic. II, Act.: A, Prop.: 
To seek to go to or towards; to ap- 
proach: Europam, Gic— Par ti cular 
phrases: 1. Appetere aliquid, To 
seek after, strive to obtain, something ; 
to grasp at, Cic; PI.— 2. Pass.: As a 
token of raspect, etc.: To be laid hold 
of in order to be saluted , etc. : Gic. B. 
Me ton.: Of things without life: To 
advance towards, approach : mare terr- 
ain appetens, Cic. C. Pig.: 1. In a 
good or bad sense : To strive or seek 
after; to long for: omne animal ap- 
petit quasdam, Cic.-— 2. Of food : To 
have a desire or appetite for : eeeund- 
arium panem et minutos pisciculos, 
etc., maxime appetebat, Suet. III. 
Kent.: (To JUj towards one ; beiice) To 
draw on or nigh; to approach: In 
time : dies appetebat, Cass. 
App¥as, adis, v. Appius. 
ap°pingo (ad=), prps. no perf. 
nor sup., ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-pingo] 
I. (Prop.: To paint besides ; Fig.): To 
add in writing: superiorem epistolam 
restitue nobis, et appinge aliquid novi, 
Cic. II. To paint: delphinum silvis, 

Appius, ri, m. Appius, a Roman 
name: 1, App, Claudius Orassus, sur- 
name d Coscus, censor, 442. — 
Appii Forum, a town founded by Ap- 
pius, situate on the left side of the Appia 
Via, in the midst of the Pontine Marshes. 
— -Hence, a. Appi-us, a, urn, adj. 
Of Appius, Appian: Appia Via, the 
Appian Way or Road, which commenced 
at the Porta Capena, and passed in a 
direct line through the Pontine Marshes 
to Capua ; it was subsequently extended, 
prps. by Trajan, to Brundusium.—-\>. 
Appl»as, adis,/.: (a) Prop.: The 
Appiad, or Nymph of the Appia Aqua, 
— (b) M e t o n . : A statue of the Appiad : 
Ov.— 2, App. Claudius, who attempted 
to gain possession of Virginia. — Hence, 
AppX-anus, a, um, adj. Of Appius ; 

ap-plando (ad»), si, sum, dere, 
3. v. a. and n. [for ad-plaudo] I. Gen.: 
Act. : To strike one tiling upon an- 
other ; to beat, strike, dash, clap, etc.: 
cavis applauso corpore palmis, Ov. 
H. Esp.: A. Kent.: To clap the hands, 
applaud: agite, applaudamus, Plant. 
— B. Act.: To clap the hands at; to 
applaud : fabulam, Plaut. % Hence, 
Fr. ap'plaudir. 

applan-sor (adp-), oris, m. [for 
applaud-sor ; fr. applaud-o] One who 
claps his hands; an app lander : PI. 

appian =sus (adp»), a, um (for 
applaud-sus), P. of applaud-o. 

appl2ca«t¥o (adp-), orris,/, [ap- 
plic(a)-o] 1. Application, attachment: 
animi, Cic— -2. Law t. L : A foreign 
exile's placing himself under the pro- \ 
tection of a Roman patronus, and be- j 
coming his client: Cic. «f Hence, Fr. ! 
application. j 

applica-tus (adp-), a, um; 1. ! 

P.of applic(a)-o.— 2. Pa.: a. Prop.: 
Joined, attached, lying close, close: aures, 
Var. — b.Fig.: Inclined, adapted, dis- 
posed: ad diligenohun, Cic 

appHc-itus (adp»), a, um, P. 
of applic-o. 

ap»plIco (ad»), avi or ui, atum 
or Itum, are, I. v. a. and n. [for ad- 
plico] {To fold upon something ; 
hence) 2„: A. Prop.: To join, fix, 
fasten, attach, etc. : ratis applicata, 
Liv. B. Fig.: 1. To join on, connect, 
attach, add, etc. : ut ad honestatem 
applicetur (sc. voluptas), Cic— 2. 
With Personal pron. or animum : To 
attach, apply, devote one's self or mind: 
applicant sese, Cic: ad frngem ani- 
mum, Plaut.— 3. To turn or direct the 
ears: qui bus obstinatas Applicet aures, 
Hor. II,: A. Gen.: To bring, put, 
place, to or near to; to apply to: se ad 
flammam, i. e. draw near, Cic : flumini 
castra, Liv. B. Esp.: 1. Nant. Ut.: 
a. Applicare navim, etc., To bring or 
direct a ship to or towards a place, etc.: 
Liv. — b. Pass. : To be driven to or to- 
wards; to approach, arrive at: telluris 
ad oras Applicor, Ov. — c. Applicare 
loith ellipse of aliquem, etc.: To drive, 
force, or bring to : quas vis immanibus 
applicat oris, drives you to our shores, 
Virg. — d. Neut.: To approach, draw 
near, arrive, put in : Of vessels or per- 
sons : quid ... ad terrain applicant, 
Hirt. : quocunque litore applicuisse 
naves hostium audissent, Liv. — 2. To 
cause to draw near, to drive to : boves 
illuc, Ov. — 3. Pass, in reflexive force: 
To bring one's self, or come, into close 
contact: corporibus applicantur, Liv. 
% Hence, Fr. appliguer. 

ap»ploro (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
l.v.n. [for ad-ploro] To bewail, deplore, 
weep at or on account of: tibi, Hor. 

ap*»po2iQ (ad=), pSsiii, pSsItum, 
ponere (Perf. : apposivi, Plaut.), 3. 
v. a. [for ad-pono] I.: A. Gen.: To 
put, place, etc., at, by, beside, or near 
a person or thing : machina apposita, 
Cic. — B, Esp.: Of food, etc.: To serve 
up, set before one : patellam, Cic n. 
To put on or upon ; to apply : apposita 
velatur janua lauro, Ov. III. Toplace, 
or set against: scalis appositis, against 
the walls, Liv. IV. To put or lay 
down: hunc ante januam, Ter. V. : 
A. To put or appoint a person to any 
duty, etc. ; to appoint, assign, etc : 
pran-aricatorem mihi, Cic : (with 
second Ace. of further definition) cus- 
todem Tullio me, id.: (Pass, withfollg. 
Nom.) accusator apponitur civis Kom- 
anus, id. — B. To put or set a thing 
down to; i. e. to deem, hold, regard, 
consider as something : quern fors 
dierum cumque dabit luero Appose, 
Hor. VI. To put in addition, to add, 
etc.: retas et illi, quos tibi dempserit, 
Apponet annos, Hor. *j[ Hence, Fs» 

ap-porrec-tus (ad-), a, um, adj. 
[for ad-porreg-tus ; fr. ad; porrig-o, 
through true root porreg] Stretched 
out close at hand: draco, Ov. 

ap^porto (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-porto] To carry, con- 

vey, bring to: I, Prop.: quidnam ap* 
portas? Ter.: signa populo Romano, 
id. II. Fig.: vereor ne quid Andria 
apportet mali, Ter. f Hence, Fr. 

ap=posco (ad»), no perf. norsup^ 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-poscoj To demand 
in addition : Hor. 

appaslt-c (adp-), adv. [1. ap» 
posit-us] Fitly, suitably, appropriately: 

app5s-Xtus (adp»), a, um : 1» P. 
of appo(s)-no.— - 2. Pa. : a. Prop. : 
Placed or situate at or near ; contiguous 
to ov adjoining: castellum flumini, Tac. 
b. Fig. : (a) Bordering upon, closely 
connected with: audacia fidentias ap- 
positum, Cic— (b)Fit, proper, suitable, 
appropriate, apposite, etc : (Comp.) 
appositior ad ferenda signa, Cic. : 
(Sup.) argumentatio appositissima ad 
judicationem, id. 

ap-pot-us (ad-), a, um, adj. [for 
ad-pot- us ; fr. ad ; pot-o] That hat 
drunk much, intoxicated : Plaut. 

ap-precor (ad-), atus sum, ari, 
1. v. dep. [for ad-precor] To pray to; to 
tcorship: deos, Hor. 

ap=prehendo (ad», -prendo), 
di, sum, dere, 3. -». a. [for ad-prehendo, 
etc.] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To seize, 
take hold of: alias (sc. atomi) alias 
apprehendentes, Cic B. Esp. : 1„ 
To seize hold of for the purpose of 
embracing, saluting, entreating, etc. 
manum osculandi causa, Suet. — 2. To 
seize or take possession of a place : His- 
panias, Cic II. Fig.: To take hold 
of, employ, etc.: quicqnid ego appre- 
henderam, Cic % Hence, Fr. appre- 
hender, apprendre. 

apprendo, ere, v. apprehendo. 

apprim^e (adp-), adv. [apprim- 
ns] Before all, by far, especially, chiefly, 
vei*y: nobilis, Plant.: boni, Nep. 

ap»pr£mo (ad-), pressi, pressum, 
primere, 3. v. «.[for ad-premo] Topress 
to or towards : scutum pectori, Tac. 

ap»pr!mus (ad-), a, um, adj. 
[for ad -primus] The first by far, quite-, 
the first: vir summus, apprimus, G-elL 
— A dverbial expression: Ap* 
prima, In the higltest degree: flos ap- 
prima tenax, Virg. 

approba-tlo (adp»),onis,/. [ap.. 
prob(a)-o] 1 D An approving, approval., 
approbation: popularis, Cic— 2. A 
proving, proof: hasc propositio indiget 
appro bationis, Cic. f Hence, Fr. aj>- 

appr5ba-tor (adp-) , oris, ?». [id. j 
One who approves, an approver: Cie„ 
f Hence, Fr. approbateur. 

appr5b»e (adp«), adv. [approb- 
us] Vei-y well : Plaut. 

ap-probo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
l.v.a. [f or ad-probo] I.: A. Toassml 
to, favour, approve: oraMonem, Coes.: 
* without Object) diis hominibnsquo 
approbantibus, Cic— B. Of the gods'. 
To allow to take place; to countenance, 
favour: quod actum est, dii approbent, 
Cic. II. (To make a tiring accepiabU 
to a person ; hence) To do to one's 
liking: prima castrorum rudiments 
Paulino approbavit, Tac, JpFJ, fV 



prove, demonstrate, establish, etc., to 
one: hoc, Cic: (with second Ace. of 
further definition) Caio talcm se ap- 
probavit, Suet. \ Hence, Fr. ap- 

ap«=promitto (ad-), no per/, 
nor sup., ere, Z.v.a. [for ad-promitto] 
To promise in addition : Cic. 

ap=pr5pgro (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. a. and n. [for ad-propero] 
I. Act. : To hasten, accelerate : mortem, 
Tac: portas intrare, Ov. n. Neut.: 
To hasten, make haste: ad f acinus, 

appr6pinqua«t¥o (adp-), onis, 
/. [appropinqu(a)-o] Of time : An 
approach, a drawing near: mortis. 

ap=propinquo (ad-), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. n. [for ad-propinquo] To 
come near to; to approach, draw nigh: 
I. Prop,: Of place: ad summam 
aquam, Cic: (Impers. Pass.) quum 
esset appropinquatum , Cass. H. F i g. : 
tlli poena, nobis libertas, Cic. 

ap-pugno (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-pugno] I. Prop.: To 
fight against, assault : castra, Tac. II. 
M e t o n. : To capture by assault : class- 
em , Tac. 

Appulia, as, etc., v. Apulus. 

1. appul-sus (adp-), n, um, P. of 
1. appel-lo, through root appul; v. 
pello init. 

2. appul-sus, us, m. [1. appell-o ; 
through id.] I. Prop.: Naut. t. t.: 
A landing or arriving at land: ob 
•faciles appulsus, Tac. II. Me ton. : 
A n approaching, approach : solis, Cic. 

aprlca-tXo, onis, /. [apric(a)-orj 
A sunning one's self, a basking in the 
tun : Cic. 

apric-or, no per/., Sri, 1. v. dep. 
[apric-us] To sun one's self; to bask in 
Vie sun : Cic. 

aprl-cus, a, um, adj. [contr. from 
Gsperi-cus, from aperi-o] 2. Prop. : 
A. Gen. : Uneovered, lying open: qui 
tulit apilco frigida castra Lare, i. e. 
under the open heaven , Prop. B. E s p. : 
Exposed to the sun; sunny: per meos 
fines et aprica rura, Hor.— As Subst. : 
apriemn, i,n. A sunny place or spot: 
PL— Particular phrase: (Fig.) 
In apricum proferre, To bring into a 
sunny place, i. e. to bring into the bright 
light, Hor. n . Meto n.\ A. Fond of 
sunshine : arbor, Ov. : mergi, Virg. — B. 
Clear, pure: (Comp.) apricior cceli 
status, Col.: (Sup.) apricissimus, id. 

Aprl-lis, is, m. [contr. for aperi- 
lis, from aperi-o] (The opening thing; 
hence) The month April (in which 
the earth opens itself to fertility) : 
Apriiem memorant ab aperto tempore 
dictum, Ov. — As Adj. : Of April : 
Apriles Idus, Ov. % Hence, Fr. Avril. 

apr-ugnus (-linns), a, um, adj. 
[aper, apr-i] (Sprung from an aper ; 
hence) Of, or belonging to, a wild 
boar: callum, Plaut. 

Apsus, i, m., *Ai^os. Apsus ; a 
riv*r on the Illyrian coast (now Crev- 

apta-tusa a, um .• i.P, of apt(a)-o. 

2. Pa.: Suitable, fit, appropriate, ac- 
commodated: Cic. 

apt-e, adv. [apt-us] 1. Closely, in 
an accurately or firmly joined way : 
apte cohasrere, Cic— 2. Fitly, aptly, 
suitably: (Comp.) aptius referre, PL : 
(Sup.) aptissime, Cic. 

apt-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[apt-us] (To join on ; hence) I. P r o p. : 
To adapt, fit, apply, adjust, etc: dext- 
eris enses, Hor. II. Fig.: To accom- 
modate, adopt: aptari eitharas modis, 
Hor. III. Meton. : To get ready, 
prepare: arma pugnas, Liv.: classem 
velis, Virg. 

ap-tus, a, una, adj. [ap-io or ap-o] 
(Laying hold of, etc.; hence) 1. : a. 
Prop. : Joined, fastened, attached: 
gladium e lacunari seta equina aptum 
demitti jussit, Cic— b. Fig.: Depend- 
ent, depending: vita modica et apta, 
virtute perfrui, Cic — 2. Joined toge- 
ther; connected or adhering together: 
a. Prop.: qua ex conjunctione coel- 
um ita aptum est, ut, etc., Cic — fo. 
Fig. : efflciatur aptum illud, quod 
fuerit antea diffiuens, Cic. — 3. (Prop.: 
Fitted to or with something; Fig.): a. 
Adapting one's self to; changed or 
changing one's self: formas deus aptus 
in omnes,Ov. — b. Endowed, ornament- 
ed or furnished with : ccelum stellis 
aptum, Virg. — e. Suited, fitted, fit, \ 
appropriate, adapted, proper, calculated I 
or suitable for, etc.: (Comp.) locus ad j 
insidias aptior, Cic: (Sup.) castra ad j 
bellum ducendum aptissima, Cass.: I 
dies sacrificio, Liv. : (with Relative 
folld, by Subj.) est mihi, quas lanas 
molliat, r.pta manus, Ov. — d. Fit, 
proper, suitable, apposite, etc: tempus, 
Liv. : orr/do, i. e. well turned, complete, 
Cic f Hcnco, Ft. apte. 

ap-ud, prcep. c. ace. [prob. akin to 
ap-io or ap-o] I. Prop.: A. Of per- 
sons : 1. With, near to: apud eum, 
Cic: apud se, Cass.— 2. Apud me, te, 
se, etc., At or in my house, your house, 
etc. : Ter. ; Cic — 3. Before, in the 
presence of: verba apud senat am fecit, 
Cic. — 4. Among, with: apud viros 
bonos gratiam consecuti sumus, Cic. 

— 5. Denoting the author of a work 
or of an assertion : In, by, etc: ut 
scriptum apud eundem Ccelium est, 
Cic. : apud Xenophontem, id. — 6. 
Of a speaker: By: apud quosdam 
acerbior in conviciis narrabatur, Tac. 

— B. Of place: 1. At, near, in: 
apud oppidum, Cass.: apud rostra, 
Tac. — 2. In, at: seditio ccepta apud 
Sucronem, Liv. II. Fig.: A. Ment- 
ally : With : plus apud me antiquorum 
auctoritas valet, Cic — B. Apud se, 
etc., esse, (To be at his, etc., own house; 
i. e.) To be in his senses, to be sane: 
sumne ego apud me? Plaut. HI. 
Meton.: With words of motion = ad : 
To: apud hunc ibo vicinum, Plaut. 
%W Apud is sts. placed after its 
subst.: Misenum apud, Tac. 

Ap-xilus (App«), i, m. [prob. 
Sanscrit ap, " water "] (The one per- 
taining to, or dwelling near, water) 
An Appulian. —Hence, I. AptiMa 
(App-),as./. Appulia; the country of 

: the Apuli, a province of south-west^ti 
Italy,— 2. XpuH-cus, a, um, adj, 
Appulian.— 3. Apul-us (Apptll-), 
a, um, adj. Appulian 

aqu-a, as (Gen. Sing., aqixoi^na».", 
aquas as trisyll., id.), /. [akin to 
Sanscrit ap, Celtic ach, Goth, ahm. 
Old Germ, ahd; cf. amnis] I. Prop. ^ 
A, Gen.: Water, in its widest sense 
(as an element, ram-water, river ana 
sea water, etc): aer, aqxia, terra, 
vapores, quo pacto fiant,Lucr.: pluvi- 
alis, Ov.: fiuvialis, Col.: marina, Cic 
— Particular phrases: 1. Prasb- 
ere aquam, To supply water, i. e. to 
invite to a feast, to entertain (with 
reference to the use of water at the 
table, for washing and drinking), 
Hor. — 2. Aquam aspergere alicui, To 
sprinkle water on one, i. c to give neu> 
life or courage; to animate, refresh, 
or revive one (the idea taken from 
sprinkling one who is in a swoon): 
Plaut. — 3. Aqua et ignis, Water and 
fire, to express the most common 
necessaries of life : Cic — 4. Aquam et 
terrain petere, To demand water and 
land, as a token of submission ; i. e. 
to require submission : Liv. B. Esp.: 

I. Water, in a more restricted sense : 
a. The sea: coge, ut ad aquam tibi 
frumentum Ennenses metiantur, on 
the sea-coast, Cic. — b„ A stream, a 
river : in Tuscas gurgite mersus aquas 
(i.e. Albula), Ov.— c. Rain: comix 
augur aquas, Hor.— 2. Plur.: Medicin- 
al springs, warm baths: ad aquaa 
venire, Cic— 3. From the water in 
the water-clock (clepsydra), by which 
the length of speeches was regulated, 
arose the Xollg. phrases : a. Aquam 
dare, To give water, i. e. to give the 
advocate time for speaking: PL — b. 
Aquam perdere, To lose water, i. e. to 
spend time unprofitably , to waste it: 
Quint. — c. Aqua hasret, The water 
stops, i.e. /, etc., am at a loss: Cic 

II. Meton.: Aqua; the name of a 
constellation : Cic. <f Hence, Fr. eau. 

aquee-duetus, us, m. (separately, 
aquas ductus : also aquarum ductus, 
PL) (Prop.: A conveying or bring.- 
ing of water; Meton.) 1. A conveyance 
for water, conduit, aqueduct: Cic— 2, 
The right of conducting water to a place: 
Cic. f Hence, Fr. aqueduc. 

aqual-Jculus, i, m. [aqual-is] 
(Prop.: A small water-vessel ; Meton.) 
1, The ventricle, stomach: Sen,— 2. 
The lower part of the belly, the paunch - 
pinguis, Pcrs. 

aqu-alis, is, m. [aqu-a] (A thing 
pertaining to water; hence) A water- 
can, water -jug: Plai>t. 

aqu»arJus, a, um, adj. [id.] Of, 
or relating to. water: provincia, i.e. 
the superintendence of the water supply, 
Cic— As Subst.: aquarius, li, m.: 1„ 
A water-carrier: Juv,— 2. Trie water- 
bearer, one of the signs of the Zodiac : 

aqua-tlcus, a, um, adj. [aqua 
(uncontr. Gen.) aqua-i] (Pertaining 
to water; hence) 1. Living, growing, 
or found in or by the water ; water- ; 
aquatic: aves, PL: arbores, id«— % 



Wtttery, moist, humid : auster, Ov. f 
Hence, Fr. aqualique. 

aqu-atnis, e, adj. [aqu-a] (Of, or 
belonging to, water ; hence) 1, Living, 
grouting, or found in, by, or near 
water ; water- ; aquatic : bestise, Cic.— 
2, Having a watery taste: cucumeris, 

aqua-t^o, onis, /. [aqu(a)-or] I, 
Prop.: A getting ov fetching of water: 
Osas. n. Meton.: A. A watcring- 
ptoce: Cio. — B. Water, rains: aqua- 
Siones autumni, PI. 

aqua^tor, oris, m. [id.] One who 
fetches water ; a water-carrier : Cass. 

aqu-Xla, a?, f, [root ao ; akin to 
Greek w/c-v?; Sanscrit dsu, "celeri- 
ter "] (The quick or rapid one- lience) 
I. Prop.: TJie eagle: aquiiam fugiunt 
columbas, Ov. — Pro v.: Aquilse sen- 
ectus, A vigorous old age : Ter. II. 
Meton.: A. Military t. t.: The eagle 
(as the principal standard of a Roman 
legion) : ut iocupletem aquiiam tibi 
sexagesimals annus Afferat, the office 
of a standard-bearer, Juv. — B. A 
legion: acies tredecim aquilis consti- 
tuta, Hirt. — C.Plur.: Architect, t.t.: 
The eagles; i. e. the uppermost parts of 
a building, which supported the front of 
a gable: T<ac. f Hence, Pr. ciigte. 

Aqiiileia, ae, /. Aquileia; a town 
of Upper Italy. — Hence, Aquilei- 
enais, e, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Aquileia. — As Subst.: Aqixileienses, 
him, m. Hie inhabitants of Aquileia. 
aqnXl-I-fer, Sri, m. [aquil-a ; (i) ; 
fer-o] An eagle bearer, standard bearer: 

aqufl-iiras, a, um, adj. [aquil-a] 
Of, ox pertaining to, an eagle: ungulas, 
Plaut. % Hence, Pr. aquilin. 

aqu-ilo, onis, m. [akin to aqu-ila] 
(The swift-flying thing ; hence) I. 
Prop.: The North wind: Cic. II. 
Meton.: A. The north: spelunca 
conversa ad aquilonem, Cic. — B. The 
husband of Orithyia, and the father of 
Calais and Zeies : Ov.— Hence, Aqujt» 
ldn»ius, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Aquilo : Prop. «ft Hence, Pr. 

aqullon-aris, c, adj. [aquilo, 
aquilon-is] Northerly, northern : Cic. 

Aquilonia, se, f. Aquilonia ; the 
name of two Saninite towns. 

aq-K^lus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.] 
Dark-coloured, dun, swarthy: Suet. 

Xqninum, i, n. Aquinum; a town 
of Latium (now Aquino), the birth- 
place of the poet Juvenal. — Hence, 
Aqriin-ag, atis, adj. Belonging to 
Aquinum. — As Subst.: Aqnlnates, 
*urn, m. (sc. cives), The inhabitants of 

Xqnltaiiia, se, /. Aquitania,- a 
province in Southern Gaul. — Hence, 
Aq-uItan»Tis, a, um, adj. Aquitanian. 
aqu-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. clep. 
[aqu-a] To bring ox fetch water for 
drinking : aquabantur asgre, Cass. 

aqu-osus, a, um, adj. [id.] I. 

Prop.; Abounding in water; rainy, 

moist, humid, full of water: hiems, 

Virg.: languor, i. e. the dropsy, Hor.: 


(Comp.) aquosior ager, PI : (Sup.) 
aquosissimus locus, Cato. II. Met- 
on.: Like xcater, clear, peltetcid: cry- 
stallus, Prop. % Hence, Pr. aqueux. 
aqu-iila, as,/, dim. [id.] Prop.: 
A little water; a small stream of water : 
seclusa aliqua aqunla, Cic. 
ar, y. ad. 

ar-a, as,/, (old form as»a) [prps. 
akin to Saascrit root as, " sedere :" 
ds-ana, "sessio," "aedes"] (A seat ox 
raised place ; hence) I. Gen.: An 
elevation or structure (of wood, stone, 
earth, etc) : ara sepulchri, a funeral 
pile, Virg. : Lunensis ara, ofLunensian 
marble, Suet. II. Esp.: A. Prop.: 
An elevation for sacred use, for sacri- 
fices, etc.; an altar: tburicre'misquum 
dona imponeret aris, Virg.: qui si 
aram tenens juraret, crederet nemo, 
Cic. B. Pig.: Protection, refuge, 
shelter: ad aram legurn confu'gere, 
Cic. G. Meton.: 1. The Altar; a 
constellation in the southern hemisphere: 
Cic— 2. Plur.: The Altars; some rocks 
in the Mediterranean, between Sicily, 
Sardinia, and Africa : Virg. 

Arabarches, sq, m. '^s 
(Commander of the Arabs). An Arab- 
arches ; an officer of customs in Judcea: 

ArSMa, a?, /., *Apapla. Arabia, 
divided by the ancients into Petrcea (from 
its principal place Petra) , Deserta, and 
Felix. ~- Hence, Arab!»cna (-us), a, 
um, adj. Arabian. 

ara-Mlis, e, adj. [ar(a)-o] That 
can be ploughed, arable: campus, PI. 
T[ Hence, Fr. arable. 

Arabs, abis, m. (Ace. Gr. Arabas, 
Qv.), v Apaij/. I. Prop. : An Arabian, 
Arab.—Kence, A. Arabs, abis, adj. 
Arabian.— -B. Arabus, a, um, adj. 
Arabian»— As Subst. : Arabi, drum, 
m. The Arabs, Arabians. II. Met- 
on. : Plur. : A?*abia: palmiferos Ar- 
abas, Ov. 

Araclme, es,/.,'Apa X ^ (Spider). 
Arachne; a Lydian maiden, who chal- 
lenged Minerva to a trial of skill in 
spinning, and, as a punishment, was 
changed by the goddess into a spider. 

Xracyntiras, i, m., 'Apaicvv6o<;. 
Aracynthus; a mo unlain between Bceotia 
and Attica. 

aranea, a?,/, iapdxpvl !■ Prop.: 
A spider: antiquas exercet aranea 
telas, Ov. n. Meton.; A spider's 
web, cobweb : pendet aranea tigno, Ov. 
% Hence, Pr. ar ' ' 

arane-SIa, se, f. dim. [arane-a] A 
small spider : Cic. 

arane-ostis, a, um, adj. [arane- 
um] I. Prop. : Full of cobwebs : situs, 
Cat. H. Meton.: Like a cobweb: 
ffla, PI. 

araneum, i, n., v. araneus. 

arane-us, a, um, adj. [arane-a] 
Pertaining to a spidei\ spider's- : texta, 
PL— -As Subst. : aranemn, i, n. : A 
spider's iceb, cobweb : tollere hsec aranea 
quantum est laboris I Phaad. 

Xrar (Araris, Claud. :— Ace. Ar- 
arim, Virg. : Ararin, Claud.), is, m. 
The Arar, or Araris ; a river of Gaul, 

sometimes otherwise called Saueatina 
(now the Sadne). 

ara»t¥o, onis, /. [ar(a)-«] I, 
Prop.: A ploughing: iteratio ara- 
tionis, Col. II. Meton.: A. The cul- 
tivation of the soil; agriculture: ufe 
quasstuosa mercatura fructuosa aratio 
dicitur, Cic.—B. A public farm or 
plot of land (for which a tenth of the 
produce was given as rent) : Cic. 

aratXun^ciila, ee, /. [for aration- 
-cula ; fr. aratio, aration-is] A small 
ploughed field : Plant. 

ara-tor, oris, m. [ar(a)-o] I. 
Prop.: One who ploughs, a plough- 
man; a husbandman, farmer : arator- 
um liberi, Cic.— As Adj. : Ploughing, 
plough-: taurus arator, Ov. II. Met- 
on. : A cultivator of public lands: Cic 
ara-truin, i, n. [id.] (The plough- 
ing thing; hence) A plough: Virg. 

Erases, is, m., 'Apdfys (Dasher). 
Araxes; a river of Armenia Major. 

ar»M-ter, tri, m. [ar=«ad: root 
Bi, ^Tkin to jStj-mc, e-^-v, to go] (One 
who goes to some person or thing in 
order to see or he&r ; hence) I. A 
spectator, beholder, hearer; an eye- 
witness, a witness: remotig arbitris, 
Cic. II. : A. Pro p. : Law 1. 1. : (He 
who approaches a cause in order to in- 
quire into it, and settle it; hence) An 
umpire, arbiter; a judge, who decides 
ace. to equity : utrum judicem an 
arbitrum dici oporteret, Cic. B. 
Fig.: 1 . A judge, arbitrator, umpire : 
inter antiquam Academiam et Zenon- 
em, Cic. : pugnge, the judge, umpire 
of the contest, Hor.— -2. A master over 
anything; lord, ruler: sine arbitro, 
Tac. : bibendi, Hor. <f Hence, Fr. 

arMtrarl-o, adv. [arbitrari-us] 
With uncertainty, not surely: Plaut. 

arbltr-arlus, a, um, adj. [arbiter, 
arbitr-i] (Prop. : Of, ox pertaining to, 
an arbiter; Meton.) 1. Uncertain, not 
sure: Plaut.— 2. Arbitrary , depending 
on the will : (Jell, f Hence, Fr. arbi- 

arbltra-tus, us, m. [arbitr(a)- 
or] I. Prop.: Judgment, discretion, 
free-will, inclination, pleasure, wish, 
choice: tuo arbitratu, at your own 
pleasure, Cic. H. Meton. : Over- 
sight, direction, guidance: considerare 
oportet, cujus arbitratu sit educatus, 

arbitr-Inm, ii, n. [arbiter, ar- 
bitr-i] 1. (Prop. : A going to a place, 
Meton.) A person present, etc.: locus 
ab omni liber arbitrio, Sen.— 2. : si a 
Prop. : Law 1. 1. : The judgment or 
decision of the arbitrator: Cic. — h e 
Meton.: Any judgment, definitive sent- 
ence, decision: quum de te spiendida 
Minos Fecerit ai'bitria, Hor.— Part- 
icular expression: Arbitria fnn- 
eris (Decisions respecting a funeral; 
hence) Funeral expenses (since an 
arbiter was employed to fix them) : 
Cic. — 3. Power, toill, free-will: Jo vis 
nutu et arbitrio coelum, terra maria- 
que reguntur, Cic. 
arbitr-o, no perf., atum, are, I 



■v. a. [id/] I. To decide, determine, pro- 
nounce upon: quaastio a prudentibus 
viris arbitrata est, Gell. II. To think 
of or about : continuo arbitretur uxor 
filio tuo, Plaut. III. To think a per- 
son, etc., to be something: (with second 
Ace. of further definition) te si arbitr- 
areru. dignum, Plaut. : (Pass, f olid, by 
Nom.~) quum ipse praedonum socius 
arbitraretur, Cic. 

arbltr-or, atus s«im, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[id.] I.: To be a hearer or spectator of 
something ; to observe, perceive, hear, 
etc. : dicta alicujus, Plaut. II. Law 
t. t. : A. (Of a judge : To pronounce a 
decision, give judgment or sentence; 
hence) Fidem alicui arbitrari, To ad- 
judge credit to one, to put faith in: 
Plaut. B. : l.Prop.: Of witnesses: 
To testify ; to declare or depose : mor- 
tuum (sc. esse eum) inde arbitrari, 
Liv. — 2. Met on. : To hold as true; 
to b* of opinion; to believe, suppose, 
think, consider as: (with second Ace. 
of further definition) scelestissimum 
te arbitror, Plaut. : (with Objective 
clause) si hoc minus ad tuum officium 
pertinere arbitrabere, Cic. : (used 
parenthetically) tamen, ut arbitror, 
auctorjtate advocatorum adducti, etc., 
id. % Hence, Fr. arbitrer. 

arbor, oris, /. (old form, arbos) 
[etym. dub.] I. Prop. : A tree: pro 
ceritates arborum, Cic: felix arbor, a 
fruit-bearing tree, Liv. : Jovis, the oak, 
Ov. II. Meton. : Of things made of 
wood : A. A mast (with or without 
mali): Virg.; Luc. — B. An oar: cent- 
enaque a r bore flucttis Verberat as- 
surgens, Virg. — O. A ship: Phryxeam 
petiit Pelias arbor ovem, the ship Argo, 
Ov. — D. A javelin: Stat. — E. Arbor 
infelix, A gallows, gibbet: Liv. *[j 
Hence, Fr. arbre. 

arbor-eus, a, um, adj. [arbor] 1. 
Of, or pertaining to, a tree : foetus, i. e. 
produce, Yirg. — 2. Tree-like, resembl- 
ing a tree: amplitudo, PI. % Hence, 
Fr. arbori. 

arbos, v. arbor. 

Arbus-ciila, 83, /.[for Arbos- cula; 
fr. arbos] (A small tree) Arbuscula; the 
name of a mimic actress in the time of 

arbus-tuni, i, n. [for arbos-tum ; 
fr. arbos] (A place provided with trees ; 
hence) l.Prop.: A plantation where 
vines are trained to the trees ; a vineyard 
(diff. from vinea, where the vines were 
trained to poles, or lay on the ground): 
segetibus et pratis et vineis et arbustis 
res rustics Ia3ta3 sunt, Cic. II. M e t- 
}n. : Plur. : Trees, shrubs: cumque 
"3atis arbusta simul pecudesque (sc. 
lumina rapiunt), Ov. % Hence, Fr. 

arbus-tus, a, um, adj. [for arbos- 
bus ; fr. arbos] Provided with a tree or 
with trees : ager, Cic. 

arbiit-eus, a, um, adj. [arbut-us] 
Of, or pertaining to, the strawberry- or 
arbute-tree : foetus, Ov. 

arbut-um, i, ' n. [id.] I. Prop.: 
The fruit of the strawberry- or arbute- 
tree, the wild strawberry: glandes atque 
arhuta, Virg. II. Meton.: The straw- 

berry- or arbute-tree : jubeo frondentia 
capris Arbuta sufficere ( = arbuti 
frondes), Virg. % Hence, Fr. arbous- 

arbutus, i,/. [akin to arbor] The 
wild strawberry- ox arbute-tree: dulce 
satis humor, depulsis arbutus hsedis, 
etc., Virg. 

arc-a, sa,f. [arc-eo] (Tfie enclosing 
thing ; hence) I. Prop. : A. Gen.: A 
chest, box: ex ilia olea arcam esse 
f actam eoque conditas sor tes , C ic . B . 
E s p. : A box for money, a coffer : 
nummos contemplor in area, Hor. 
II. Meton.: A. (Since money was at 
times kept in an area; hence) Money: 
arcee nostra? confldito, rely upon my i 
purse, Cic. — B. Of any thing that has j 
the form of an area : — 1 . A small close 
prison; a cell: Cic. — 2. A coffin: Liv. 
— 3. A bier: Hor. f Hence, Fr. 

Arcades, um, v. Areas. 

Arcadia, as,/. , ' ApKaSia. A rcadia ; 
a mountainous province in the centre of 
Pelopo)inesus. — Hence, 1. Areadl- 
cus, a, um, adj., 'Ap/caSucos-. Arcad- 
ian : ]\\Yenis,asi7npleton (since Arcadia 
was celebrated for its breed of asses), 
Juv. — 2. Arcadl'-us, a, um, adj., 
'ApKaSios. Arcadian. 

arcan-o, adv. [arcan-us] In secret, 
private: hunc (sc. librum) lege arcano, 
Cic: (Comp.) arcanius, Col. 

arc-anus, a, um, adj. [arc-a] 
(Pertaining to an area ; hence, Fig.) 
1. That keeps a secret, close, trusty: 
dixisti arcano satis, Plaut. — 2. Secret, 
private, hidden, concealed: consilia, 
Liv. : qui Cereris sacrum Volgarit 
arcanse, Hor. — As Subst.: arcanum, 
i, n. A secret, a mystery: fatorum 
arcana, Virg. % Hence, Fr. arcane. 

Areas, adis, m.,*ApK<xs. I. Prop.: 
Areas; a son of Jupiter and Callisto, 
the progenitor of the Arcadians ; after 
his death he -was changed into a constell- 
ation (Arctophylax). II. Meton. : 
A. Plur. : Arcades, um (Ace. Arc- 
adas, Virg.), m. The Arcadians. — B. 
Sing. : An Arcadian : bipennifer, i. e. 
Ancceus, Ov. — As Adj. : (Ace. Arcada, 
Virg.) Arcadian: tyrannus, i. e. (by 
prolepsis) Lycaon, grandfather of Arc- 
as, Ov. 

arc-§o, cui (arcTtum in Prise), 
ere, 2. v. a. [akin to Sanscrit root 
raksh, " servare," " tueri ;" G-r. epy-co, 
ecpy-w, apic-eoo] (To preserve, defend, 
protect; hence) I. Prop. : To shut up, 
to inclose: hos quidem ut famulos 
vinclis prope ac custodia arceamus, 
Cic. II. Fig.: To shut up : videbam 
audaciam tarn immanem non posse 
arceri otii finibus, Cic. III. Meton.: 
A. To prohibit access to ; to keep or hold 
off; to keep at a distance: tu, Juppiter, 
hunc a tuis aris ceterisque tempi is 
arcebis, Cic. — B. To hinder or prevent 
from doing, etc. : quce (sc. dicta) clamor 
ad aures Arcuit ire meas, Ov. 

Arceslus, li, m.,'Api<eicno<?. Ar- 
cesius ; son of Jupiter, father of Laertes. 

arcessl-tor, oris, m. [areessi-o ; 
cf. arcesso inil.j One who calls or fetches 
anoliier: PL 

1. arcessi-tus, a, nm, P. of a?- 

cessi-o: cf. arcesso init. 

2. arcessi-tus, us, m. [arcessi-o; 
cf. arcesso, init.] A calling for, sun> 
mens (only in A bl.Sing.) : ipsius rogattl 
arcessi tuque, Cic. 

ar«cea-so (accerso),slvi, sltum, 
st-re, 3. v. a. (Inf. Prces.: arcesslre, and 
arcessiri, freq. and in the best class, 
writers: also, accersier, Ter.: access- 
ire, Sail.) [for ar-ced-so ; fr. ar=ad; 
ced-o] (In causative force : To cause t@ 
come to one ; hence) I. Pro p. : An 
Gen.: To call, summon, fetch, etc.; 
librum arcessi vi, Cic. : quum ab aratro 
arcessebantur, qui consules flerent, 
id.: (without Object) sin melius quid 
(sc. vini) habes, arcesse, send for it, 
i. e. let it be brought in, Hor. B. Esp.; 
Law t. t.: To summon or arraign be- 
fore a court of justice ; to accuse, inform 
against: arcessiri statim jussit, Suet.: 
(with Ace. of person and Gen. of 
charge ; Gen. of charge alone ; Ace. of 
person and Abl. of charge; or in c. 
Ace.) quos Captaa pecuniaD arcesse- 
bant, Sail. : capitis, Cic : alteram 
ambitus crimine,id.: an non intelligis 
quofceodem crimine in summum cap- 
itis periculum arcessas ? id. II. Fig.: 
A. To summon, to invite, and so to 
obtain: quies molli strato arcessita, 
Liv.— B. To bring, fetch, seek, or de- 
rive a subject, a thought, etc., from 
somewhere : ex medio res, Hor. : 
translationes orationi splendoris ali- 
quid arcessunt, Cic— C. Part. Pass. : 
Farfetched, forced, unnatural: cav- 
endum est, ne arcessitum dictum put- 
etur, Cic. 

Archelaus, i, m.,'Apxe\aos (Com- 
mander of the people). Archelaus: 1. 
A philosopher of Miletus, pt/pu of 
Anaxagoras, and teacher of Socrates.— 
2. A king of Macedonia, son of Perdic* 
cas, and friend of Euripides. — 3. A 
general of Mithridates. — 4. The rival 
of King Ptolemy Auletes of Egypt, slain 
by Gabinius. 

archetjnpus, a,um, adj. — apxerv 
wo? : I. Prop. : That was first stamps 
original: archetypos servare Clean- 
thas, i. e. the original statues of CUan- 
thes, Juv. II. Meton. : Old, of old 
standing: amici, Mart. 

Archias, a3, m., 'Apy/a? (Com- 
mander). Archias: 1. Aulus Licinius; 
a Greek poet of Antiochia, who became 
distinguished by Cicero's defence of him. 
— 2. A noted cabinet-maker. — Hence, 
Archi-acus, a, um, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Archias: lecti, Hor. 

ArcMlochus, i, m., 'ApytAoxo? 
(Commander of an ambush). Archi- 
I lochus; a poet of Paros, inventor of the 
iambic metre ; at/ 1 hor of a very severs 
satire, which caused Lycambes to hang 
himself.—- Hence, Archiioch-ius, a, 
um, adj. (Prop.: Of, or belonging to, 
Archilochus; Meton.) Severe, bitter, 
acrimonious: edicta, Cic. 

arcXi&nagirus, i, w.=dpxi/m.ayei- 
po?. A chief cook: Juv. 

Archimedes, is (Qen. Sing. Ar- 
chimedi, Cic), m., 'Ap X cixrjd^ (Chief 
planner). Archimedes; a celebrated 



gwthematician of Syracuse, who, with 
Ms burning-glasses, set fire to the ships 
of the Romans when they were besieging 
his native city. 

arcMmimus, i, m. — dpxfcmos. 
A chief buffoon: Cic. 

arcMpirata, as, m.~apx i1Te <-P a - 
t???. A leader of pirates, arch-fir ate. 

arcliitecton, onis, v. architectus. 

areMtect>or, atus sum, ari, \. v. 
dep. [architect-us] I. P r o p. : To build, 
construct, fabricate ; situm loci cu jus- 
dam ad arbitrium fabricari et 
architectari, Auct. Her. II. Fig.: To 
devise, invent, procure, make: Yolup- 
iates, Cic. 

arcMtec-tura, se, /. [for archi- 
tect-tura; fr. architect-or] {The act of 
building ; lience) Architecture. ^ 
Hence, Fr. architecture^ 

architectus, i, ~ton, 5nis, m.~ 
dpxireKTiav : I. Prop.: A master- 
builder, architect : Philo architectus, 
Cic. : nam sibi laudasse hasce ait 
architectonem Nescio quern, Plaut. 
II. Fig. : A. An inventor, deviser, 
author, maker: sceleris, Cic. — B. A 
master in cunning, a crafty man : 
Plaut. *f Hence, Fr. archiiecte. 

archon, ontis, m. = apx^v (ruler). 
An archon ; the chief magistrate at 
Athens after the abrogation of royal 
authority: Cic. 

Archytas, as, m., 'ApxvTas. Arch- 
ytas; a Pythagorean philosopher of 
Tarentum, a friend of Plato. 

Are^tenens, entis, adj. [arc-us ; 
(i) ; tenens] Holding or bearing a bow, 
bow -bearing : deus (i. e. Apollo), Ov. 
—As Subst.: Arcitenens, entis, m. 
(sc. deus) The bow-holding god ; i. e. 
Apollo: Virg. 

arete, v. arte. 

arcto, v. arto. 

Arctophylax, acis, m. — 'Apuro- 
<j)v\atj (Bear-keeper). Arctophylax, a 
constellation; Bootes. 

arctos (-us), i (Ace. Sing, arcton, 
Ov. ; Yirg.), /. = apK-ro? : I. Prop.: 
The Great and Little Bear (Ursa major 
et minor) , a double constellation (hence, 
geminse, Ov.) in (he vicinity of the north 
pole: gelidasarcti, Virg. II. Me ton.: 
A. The north pole: Ov.— B. The night: 
Prop. — C. The people dwelling in the 
north: Claud. — D. The north wind: Hot. 

arotous, a, urn, adj. = apxrwo? 
{Pertaining to the north pole; hence) 
Northern: Mart. 

Aretlims, \,m. — apKrovpo<; (Bear- 
keeper). Arcturus: I. Prop.: The 
brightest star in Bootes, the rising and 
setting of which brings bad weather: 
Virg. II. Met on.: A. The {whole) 
constellation Bootes: Virg. — B. The 
rising of Arcturus : Virg. 

1. arctus, a, um, v. 1. artus. 

2. arctus, i, v. arctos. 
arc-ula, 83,/. dim. [arc-a] A small 

chest or box, a casket, etc., for holding 
unguents, ornaments, etc. ; a jewel- 
case, casket: arculee muliebres, Cic. 

arcul-artfus, u, w. [arcul-a] {One 
pertaining to an arcula ; hence) A 
maker of little boxes or caskets : Plaut. 

areii-o («quo), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [arcus (uncontr. Gen.), arcu-is] 
To make in the form of a bow ; to betid or 
curve like a boio : currus,s'.e. covered, IAy. 

arcus (old form, »quus), us, m. 
[efcym. dub.] I, Prop.: A bow: arcus 
intentus in aliquem, Cic. II. Met- 
oii.: A. The rainbow: ceu nubibus 
arcus Mille trahit varios adverso sole 
colores, Virg. — B. Of any thing shaped 
like a bo w : A curve, arch, etc. : niger 
arcus aquarum, Ov.: portus curvatus 
in areum, Virg. f Hence, Fr. arc. 

1. ardea, a9,/.— epwfitd?. A heron: 

2. Ardea, se,/. [1. ardea] (Heron) 
Ardea; the capital, of the liutuli, six 
leagues south of Rome ; it was burned 
by JEneas, and from its ashes the heron 
was said to have been produced. — Hence, 
Arde»as, atis, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Ardea; Ardean: Cic. — As Subst.: 
Ardeates, rum, m. (sc. cives) The 
inhabitants of Ardea. — Hence, Arde» 
at»inus, a, um, adj. Ardean. 

ard»Sno,5nis,?». [ard-eo] A busy- 
body ; a meddler, trifler : Phffid. 

arde-ns, ntis : 1. P. of arde-o.— 2. 
Pa. (On fire, burning ; hence) Glowing, 
fiery, hot: a. Prop.: (Co?np.) quinta 
(sc. zona) est ardentior illis, Ov. b. 
Fig.: avaritia, Cic: oratio, id.: ard- 
entes oculi, sparkling, Virg.: (Sup.) 
ardentissimus color, PI. f Hence, 
Fr. ardent. 

ar den-ter , adv. [for ardent-ter ; f r. 
ardens, ardent-is] Hotly, ardently, ve- 
hemently: cupere, Cic. : (Comp.) ardent- 
ius sitire, id. : {Sup.) ardentissime 
diligere, PL 

ard=eo, ar-si, ar-sum, ard-ere, 2. 
v. n. [akin to Sanscrit root ARD, vex- 
are ; or prps. to ard-us] I. P r o p. : To 
be on fire, burn, blaze: rogum parari 
Vidit, et arsuros supremis ignibus ar- 
tus, Ov. : caput arsisse Servio Tullio 
dormienti, Cic. II. Fi g. : A. Of the 
I eyes: To flash, glow, sparkle, shine: 
ardent oculi, Plaut. — B. Of colours, 
etc.: To sparkle, glisten, glitter: Tyrio 
; ardebat murice lsena, Virg. — C: 1. 
j G- e n. : Of passionate emotion or ex- 
! citement, in gen.: To bum, glow, be 
\ inflamed, excited: ipse ardere videris, 
: Cic: omnium animi ad ulciscendum 
I ardebant, Cass. — 2. E sp. : To be strong- 
ly affected or burn with love: arsit 
virg'inerapta, Kor. : (with ./Ice. of object 
loved) Alexin, Virg.— -D. Of disease : 
To burn, to be inflamed by : in ardentia 
morbo membra, Lucr. — E. Of dis- 
graceful actions: To suffer in con- 
sequence of, or under the imputation 
of: maxumo ego ardeo flagitio, Plaut. 
"ij" Hence, Fr. (old) ardre, ardoir. 

arde-sco, ar-si, no sup. , arde-scere, 
S. v. n. inch, [arde-o] I, P r o p. : To take 
fire, to kindle, to become inflamed : ne 
loxigus ardeeceret axis, Ov. II. F i g. : 
A. To gleam, glitter: fulmineis ard- 
eseimt ignibus undse, Ov. — B. Of the 
passions : To be inflamed, become more 
intense, increase in violence: cupidine, 
Lucr. : tuenao,Virg.— G. Of the neigh- 
ing of horses : To become violent or 
furious/ fremitusque ardescit equo- 

! rum, Virg,— D. Of a battle: To U 

1 hot or violent: ardescente pugna, Tao, 

i ard-or, oris, m. [ard-eo] I. Pr o p«? 

| A burning ; a fame, fire, heat, etc: 

' ccelestis, Cic. 'll. Fig.: A. Of the 

eyes: Fire, brightness, brilliancy: illo 

: imperatorius ardor oculorum, Cic. — - 

B. Of the external appearance in gen. : 

Fire, animation : vultuumque atque 

motuurn, Cic. — G» Of the passions or 

feelings : Heat, ardour, eagerness : 

ardor mentis ad gloriam, Cic. III. 

j M e t o n. : The object of ardent affection, 

' fi,ame : tu primus, et ultimus illi 

I Ardor eris, Ov. % Hence, Fr. ardeur. 

Ard=uenna, se, /. [Ard, hard; 

! Venna, a pasture] (Hard pasture) Ard- 

uenna; the forest-covered mountains of 

\ Ardennes, in Gaul. 

I ardus, a, um, adj., v. aridus. 

I ard-uus, a, um, adj. [akin to 

Sans. iXrdhva, " altus," " erectus ;" fr. 

the root vjiidh, "crescere," whence 

Greek 6p 0-os] I. Prop.: A. Steep: 

ascensus, Cic — As Subst.: arduum, 

i, n. A steep place; a steep, height, 

eminence: per arduum scandere, Hor. 

— B. High, elevated, lofty : aether, v.: 

campo sese arduus infert, Virg. II, 

Fig.: A. Difficult to reach or attain, 

arduous, hard : magnum opus omnino 

et arduum conamur, Cic. — As Subst. : 

arduum, i,n. A difficulty, matter of 

difficulty: nil mortalibus ardui est, 

Hor. — B, Troublesome, unpleasant, 

difficult, hard : imprimis arduum vide- 

tnr res gestas scribere, Sail. — C. Of 

fortune : Inauspicious, adverse, diffic* 

ult: rebus in arduis, Hor. % Hence, 

Fr. (old) ardu. 

are, v. arefacio. 

area, ae,/. [etym. dub.] (A void open 
place; hence) I. Prop.: A. A ground- 
plot, building-ground, site for a house: 
Hor. — B. An open place in or near a 
house, a court, yard, area : PL — G. An 
open place in towns for recreation : Hor. 
— D. A threshing-floor: Cic,— E. An 
open place where fowlers scatter gx*ain 
to entice birds : Plaut. II. F i g. : A. *. 
1. A field for effort: cane facta viro- 
rum : Haac animo, dices, area digna 
meo est, Ov.— 2. Of vice or wicked- 
ness : Room or scope for : scelerum,, 
Cic — 3. Of life : A division or space: 
yitee tribus areis peractis Mart. — B. 
A decoying place: eedes nobis area est ; 
aucepssum ego, Plaut. III. Met on.: 
A. A halo round the sun or moon : 
Sen.— B. A bald spot upon the head, 
baldness: Mart. *f[ Hence, Fr. aire. 
Arectaeus, a, um, adj. [orig.Hebr.] 
Babylonian : campi, Tib. 

are-faci'o, (by anastrophe: facio 
are, Lucr.), feci, factum, facere, 3. 
v. a. (Pass. : are<-fiO, factus sum, 
«Sri) [ar.e-o ; facio] To make dry, to 
dry up: Cato ; PL; Suet. 

Argla's, atis (-ate, es, Suet.), /. 
Arelas or Ar elate ; a town in Southern 
Gaul (now Aries). 
Aremoricns, a,um,v. Armoricus. 
are»na (hare-), ae,/. [are-o] (The 
dried or dry thing ; hence) I. Prop.: 
Sand: mollis, Ov.: nigra, slime, mud^ 
Virg. — P r o v. : Arena3 mandare se- 



mlna, To commit seeds to the sand, i. e. to 
begin a fruitless work : Ov. H. Met- 
on.: A. Gen.: A sandy place, sands: 
Cic — B, Esp. : 1. A sandy desert: 
super Libj^cas arenas, Ov. — 2. The sea- 
shore, beach, strand: doque leves saltus 
udasque innitor arena?, Ov. — 3. The 
place of combat (strewed with sand, in 
the amphitheatre), the arena: missus 
in arenarn aper, Suet. III. Fig.: A 
place of combat; the scene or theatre of 
any kind of contention, etc. : civilis 
belli arena, Flor. % Hence, Fr. arene. 

aren-arla, ae,/. [aren-a] {A thing 
pertaining to arena ; hence) A sand- 
pit: Cic 

aren-I-vag-us, a, um, adj. [aren- 
a ; (i) ; vag-orj Wandering through 
sandy deserts: Luc. 

aren-osus, a, urn, adj. [aren-a] 
Full of sand, sandy : litus, Virg. : 
(Comp.) lapis arenosior, PL: (Sup.) 
quod sit arenosissimum,id. Tf Hence, 
Fr. arineux. 

are-ns, ntis : 1, P. of are-o. 2. 
Pa. : a» Gen.: Dry, arid, parched : 
arva, Virg.— b. Esp.: Parched with 
tJiirst, thirsty: faux, Hor. 

ar-eo, ui, no sup., ere, 2. v. n. [etym. 
dub.] I. Gen.: To be dry: succisaret 
(sc. tellus) adenitis, Ov. II. Esp. : 
To be parched with thirst: in media 
Tantalus aret aqua, Ov. 

are«5Ia, ee,/. dim. [are-a] A small, 
open place : PI. 

Areopagites, se, ?n.='Ape(,o7ray- 
irrj?. An Areopagile; a member of the 
court of the Areopagus at Athens. 

XreSpagus (-os), i, m.= ¥ Apeio9 
n-dyoT. Areopagus, or Mars' Hill, at 
Athens, on which the supreme court of 
Justice held its sessions. 

Ares, is, m., ¥ Ap>j?. Ares, or Mars; 
the god of war. 

are-sco, no perf. nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. n. inch, [are-o] To become dry, to dry 
up: I. Gen.: arcscente unda, Tac. 
II. Esp.: Of tears : cito arescit lacr- 
ima, pra?sertirn in alienis malis, Cic. 

AVestorides, a), in. 'Apecn-opiSr,?. 
Son of Arestor, i.e. Argus. 

aretalogus, i, m.=dpeTak6yo<;. A 
prater about virtue ; a kind of philoso- 
phic braggart, introduced for the enter- 
tainment of the company at the dinner 
tables of the wealthy Romans: Juv. 

Arethusa, se, /., 'ApiOovo-a (The 
Waterer). Arethusa; a fountain near 
Syracuse. — Hence, 1. Arethus-aeus, 
a, um, adj. Of Arethusa, Arethusian. — 
2. Ar8thiis=is, Wis, adj. Arethusian. 
— S.Aretlms-ius, a,nm, ac#.(Prop.: 
Arethusian; Meton.) Syracusan. 

fretinus and Aretiuni, v. Arret. 
reus, a, um, adj./Apeio?, Per- 
taining to Ares or Mars : judicium, 
The A reopagus, Tac. 

Argei, 6rum, m. Argei ; consecr- 
ated places in Rome, for the celebra- 
tion of worship : Liv. 

argeiit-arius, a.nm, adj. [argent- 
&S1J (Of, or pertaining to, argentum ; 
hence) 1. Of, ox pertaining to, silver; 
silver-: metalla, silver-mines, Pi. — 2. 
Of, or pertaining to, money : taberna, 
a bank, IAv,— As Subst.: a. argent- 

arlus, ft, m. (sc. homo) A money- 
changer^ (private) banker: Cic. — b. 
argentaria, ae,/. (sc. taberna): (a) 
A banking-house, a bank : Liv. — (b) 
(sc. ars) : The calling of a banker or 
broker: Cic. — (c) (sc. fodina): A silver 
mine: Liv. 1 

argent-atus, a. um, adj. [argent- 
um] (Provided, ov furnished, with arg- 
entum ; hence) 1, Ornamented with 
silver: milites, whose shields are silvered 
over or plated with silver, Liv. — 2. Fur- 
nished icith money : semper tu ad me 
cum argentata accedito querimonia, 
come with silvered complaints, i.e. bring ! 
money with your complaints, Plaut. j 

argente-olus (-lo-lus), a, um, 
adj. dim. [argente-us, (uncontr. Gen.) 
argenteo-i] Of silver: Plaut. ! 

argent-ens, a, um, adj. [argent- 
urn] (Pertaining to argentum ; hence) 
1,: a. Prop.: Of silver, made of silver: 
aquila, Cic— As Subst.: argent^us, 
i, m. (sc. nummus) A silver coin ( = den- 
arius): Tac— b. "Fig.: Silver: proles, 
Ov. — 2. Highly adorned with silver: 
scena, Cic. — 3. Of a glittering white 
colour, silvery: anser, Virg. — 4. Of or 
from money: arnica tua facta est arg- 
entea, is turned into money, i. e. has 
been sold.. Plaut. 

argent-osus, a, um, adj. [argent- 
um! Abounding in silver : PI. 

arg-entuin, i,n. [akin to Sanscrit 
raj-atam, " silver," Irom the root raj 
"to shine," or "be brilliant:" cf. 
Gr. apy-upo?] (The shining or brilliant 
thing; hence) I. Prop.: Silver: vilius 
argentum est auro, Hor. — Parti- 
cular expressions: A. Argentum 
vivum, Quicksilver: PI. — B. Argentum 
lentum, An amalgam of silver, lead, 
and copper: Virg. II. Meton.: Of 
things made of silver: A. Silver plate, 
silver work: argentum exposition in 
asdibus, Cic. — B. Money coined from 
silver, silver money: and, since this 
was the most current coin, for money 
in gen. : argenti sitis famesque, Hor. 
% Hence, Fr. argent. 

Argiletum, i, n. [etym. dub.]: (in 
tmesis: Argique letum, Mart.): Arg- 
iletum ; a part of Rome, where book- 
sellers and others had shops : Cic — 
Hence, Argilet-anus, a, um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Argiletum: sed- 
ificium, Cic. 

argilla, a), /. = apytXAo?. White 
clay, potter's earth, marl: homullusex 
argilla et luto Actus, Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. argile. 

Argmtlsae, arum, /., 'Apyivovo-at 
or 'Apyu'ova-o-cu (White things, i. e. 
islands ; so named prob. from chalky 
cliffs). Arginusce; three small islands 
in the jEgean Sea, near Lesbos. 

Argivus, a, um, v. Argos. 

Argo, us,/. (Gen. Argiis, Prop.: — 
Ace. Argo, id.: — Pat. and Abl. prob. 
not used), 'Apy<a (The swift thing). 
Argo. I. Prop. : TJie ship in which 
the Greek heroes, under the guidance of 
Jason, sailed to Colchis in guest of the 
golden fleece. — Hence, Argo-us, a, 
um, adj. Pertaining to the Argo or the 
Argonauts: Prop. II. Meton.: The 

constellation into which the Argo was 
changed by Minerva: Cic. 

Argolicus, a, um, etc., v. Argos. 

Argos, n. (only Nom. and Ace), 
more rreq. plur. Argi, orum, ~,m. 9 Apy- 
o?. I. Prop.: Argos or Argi; the 
capital of the province Argolis, in the 
Peloponnesus, sacred to Juno. — Hence, 
A. Arg-Ivus, a, um, adj. Of Argos, 
Argive,— As Subst.: Argivi, orum, m. 
TJte Greeks. — B. Arg-eus, a, um, adj. 
Argive: Hor. — C. Arg-olis, Mis,/. 
adj., 'ApyoAiV. Argive. — As Subst.: The 
province of Argolis. — Hence, ArgSl» 
Icus, a, um, «(//.: 1. Prop.: Of, or 
belonging to, Argolis; Argolic. — 2. 
Meton.: Grecian, Greek,— -D. Arg- 
us, a, um, adj. Argive: Plaut. — As 
Subst.: Argi, orum, m. (Prop.: The 
Argives; Meton.) Tlxe Greeks. II. 
Meton.: Greece. 

argumenta-tto, 5nis, /. [argn- 
mont(a)-or] I, Prop.: An adducing 
of a proof, argumentation : Cic EL 
Meton.: The proof itself : Cic. f 
Hence, Fr. argumentation, 

arg€iment=or, atus sum, ari, 1. 
v.dep. [argument-um] I.: A. To ad- 
duce proof of or about a thing : rem 
argumentando dubiam facis, Cic. — B. 
To adduce as or in proof: ego ilia non 
argumen tabor, qua), etc.: Cic EL 
To make a conclusion, conclude: si test- 
em argumentari patieris, Auct. Her. 
% Hence, Fr. argumenter. 

argu-mentum, i, n. [argu-o] X. 
Act. : ( That which makes clear or proves; 
hence) A. An argument, proof, esp. 
one based upon facts : Cic — B. A sign 
by which any thing is known ; a 
mark, token, evidence. — C.: 1. Gen.: 
A representation or statement of any 
kind : tabula) novoa quid habent argu- 
menti nisi, etc., i. e. what do they mean, 
Cic. — 2. Esp.: A representation or 
statement of that which is to be brought 
forward ; hence, a. Of a letter, speech, 
etc.: Subject, subject-matter, argument: 
Cic— b. Of a play, poem, etc.: Sub- 
ject, story, argument: Liv. — c. Of cir- 
cumstance?, facts, etc.: (a) A play, 
drama, representation: Quint. — (b) A 
poem, tcde, fable : Cic; Ov.— d. Are- 
presentation on a work of art ; an art- 
istic representation : Cio. — D. A con- 
clusion, syllogism : Cic IX. Pass.: 
(That which is made clear ox proved; 
hence) Reality, truth, foundation, etc.: 
non sine argumento, Cic. "J Hence, 
Fr. argument. 

arg-iio, ui, utmn, ere, 3. v. a. [from 
sanio root as arg-entum] (To make 
clear, bright, etc; hence) I. Gen. : To 
assert, show, prove, make known, de- 
clare, etc.: degeneres animos timor 
arguit, Virg.: (with Objective clause) 
speculators, non legates venisse arg- 
nebat, Liv. II. Esp.: A. Pass, in 
reflexive force : To make one's self or 
itself known ; to betray one's self, etc»: 
laudibus argivi tur Yini vinosos Hora- 
i erus, Hor. — B. To show or denounce 
! the falsehood, etc., of a thing : arguena 
jmmorum de so temeritatem, Suet.— 
j C To show, or prove, a person to be 
j false; to refute, etc.: Plinium argnit 



ratio temporum, Suet.-— D. : 1 . P r o p. : 
(To attempt to show that a person is 
guilty of a charge, etc.; lience) To ac- 
cuse, inform, against, charge, etc.: 
3ervos ipsos neque arguo, neque purgo, 
Cic: (with Gen. of charge) viros 
mortuos summi sceleris, id.: '(without 
Object) neque timoris Argue, Virg.: 
(with Abl. of charge) te hoc crimine 
non arguo, Cic— 2. Fig.: Of things : 
To accuse, censure: ea culpa, quam 
arguo, Liv. f Hence, Fr. arguer, 

1. Argus, i, m. "Apyo? (Bright, *. e. 
with bright or vigilant ej-es). Argus: 
1. The hundred-eyed keeper of lo, 
after she was changed into a heifer by 
Jupiter : slain by Mercury at the com- 
mand of Jupiter. His hundred eyes 
were placed by Juno in the tail of the 
peacock. ~2. A guest of Evander. 

2. Argus, a, um, v. Argos. 
arguta-tlo, onis, /. [argut(a)-o] 

(Prop.: A prattling; Meton.) A creak- 
ing : lecti, Cat. 

argut-e, ado. [argut-us] 1. Sagac- 
iously, shrewdly, ingeniously, acutely: 
(Comp.) acutius, Cic. : (Sup.) acut- 
issime, id.— 2. Craftily, slyly, cunning- 
ly: Plaut. 

argut-Iae, arum, /. [argut-us] 
(The quality or condition of the argut- 
us ; hence) 1 . Liveliness, activity : 
digitorum, Cic. — 2. Melodiousness, 
melody of sound : PL— 3. Chattering, 
prattling discourse: Plant. — 4.: a. 
Genius, acuteness, wit, etc.: Cic. — b. 
Subtlety, shrewdness in speech or action: 
Cic f Hence, Pr. argutie. 

argut»o, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. [id.] To prattle, prate about: Prop. 

argut»ulus, a, um, adj. dim. [id.] 
Somewhat subtle: libri, Cic. 

arg-fttus, a, um : 1. P. of argu-o. 
— 2. Pa.: (That makes itself perceptible 
to, or affects the senses; hence) a. 
Prop.: (a) Of that which affects 
the sight by motion, etc.: Active, lively, 
fiery: maims, Cic: caput, a head 
graceful in motion, Virg,— (b) Of that 
which affects the hearing : (a) Pierc- 
ing, sharp, shrill (both of pleasant 
and disagreeable sounds), clear-sound- 
ing, noisy, rustling, whizzing, rattling, 
clashing, etc.: hirundo, Virg.: forum, 
noisy, Ov. — (j8) Of a musician, poet, 
etc. : Melodious, clear-sounding : Neasra, 
Hor.— (y) Of persons : Babbling, talk- 
ative, noisy: civis, Plaut. — (c) Of 
that which affects the smell : Sharp, 
pungent: (Comp.) odor argutior, PL 
— b. Meton. : (a) Of written com- 
munications : Verbose, wordy : (Sup.) 
litems quam argutissimas de omni- 
bus rebus crebro mittas, Cic— (b) Of 
omens seen or heard : Distinct, clear, 
conclusive, clearly indicative, etc: arg- 
utissima exta, Cic — c. Fig.: Of 
mental qualities: (a) In a good sense : 
Sagacious, acute, witty: poema facit 
. . . ita elegans, nihil ut fieri possit 
argutius, C. Pis. — (b) In a bad sense : 
Ounning, sly, artful: meretrix, Hor. 

argyraspis, Mis, adj. — dpyvp- 
acr^ns. Bearing, or armed with, a sil- 
ver shield: Liv. 
Argyripa (<4ppa), as, /., 'Ap-yvp- 


i-mra. Argyripa; a town of Apulia, 
founded by Diomedes of Argos (after- 
wards called Arpi). 

Xriadna, as, -e, es, /., 'ApidSvy 
(prps. Very sweet or pleasing one). 
Ariadna or Ariadne ; a daughter of Min- 
os, king of Crete, who extricated Theseus 
from the Labyrinth, and accompanied 
him on his return to Greece. She was, 
however, deserted by him at Naxos, 
where Bacchus fell in love with her, and 
placed her crown among the constella- 
tions.— Hence, Arladn-seus, a, um, 
adj., 'Apt,a8vaio<;. Of, ov pertaining to, 
Ariadne; Ariadncean. 

Aricia, as,/. Aricia: 1, A town of 
Latium, in the neighbourhood of Alba 
Longa, upon the Appian Road (now 
Riccia). — Hence, Arioinus, a, um, 
adj. Pertaining to Aricia ; Arician. — 
As Subst.: Aricmi, drum, m. (sc. 
cives) The inhabitants of Aricia. — 2. 
The wife of JHppolytus, and mother of 

arfd-itas, atis, /. [arid-us] (The 
state of the aridus ; hence) Dryness, 
aridity : PL % Hence, Fr. aridite". 

arld-ulus, a, um, adj. dim. [id.] 
Somewhat dry: labellas, Cat. 

ar-idus (ar-dus), a, um, ad[/.[ar-eo] 
I„ Prop.: Dry, arid, parched: folia, 
Cic — As Subst.: aridum, i, n. A 
dry place, dry land : naves in aridum 
subducere, Cass. II. Meton. : A. 
Making dry, drying up, dry : sitis, 
Lucr.: febris, Virg. — B. Dried, dark: 
color, PL — C. Cracking, snapping, as 
when dry wood is broken : fragor, Virg. 
• — D. Meagre, lean, shrivelled : crura, 
Ov.: (Comp.) uvis aridior puella pass- 
is, Auct. Priap. — E. Of food, or man- 
ner of living : Meagre, scanty : victus, 
Cic — F. Indigent, poor : cliens, Mart. 
III. Fig.: A. Of style or speaker : 
& r y> jejune, poor, unadorned: genus 
serrnonis, Cic: (Sup.) aridissimi Jibri, 
Tac. — B, Ignorant : pueri, Suet. — C. 
Dry, stingy, etc: pater, Ter. — D. Of 
money : Ready : arido argento'st opus, 
Plaut. If Hence, Fr. aride. 

aries, letis (sometimes in poets 
arj- in oblique cases), m. [akin to 
eppaos] I. Prop.: A ram : candidus, 
Virg. II, Meton.: A. Aries or the 
Ram: a sign of the zodiac: Ov. — B» 
An engine (with a head shaped like a 
ram's) for battering down tvalls ; a bat- 
tering-ram : Liv. — C. A beam for sup- 
port ; a prop or buttress : Cass. III. 
Fig.: A support or stay: aries ille 
subjicitur in vestris actionibus, Cic 

arieta-tl'o, onis,/. [ariet(a)-o] A 
butting like a ram : Sen. 

ariet-o, avi, atum, ai'e (arjetat, 
trisyll. Virg.), 1. v. a. and n. [aries, 
aritet-is] (To butt like a ram ; hence) I. 
Prop. : To strike violently: A. Act.: 
quis illic est, qui tarn proterve nosti-as 
asdes arietat ? Plaut. B. Neut.: arj- 
etat in portas, Virg. II. Fig.: A. 
To stumble, i. e. to commit a fault: 
oportet arietes, et cadas, Sen. — B. 
To disturb, harass, disquiet . anima 
insolita arietari, Sen. 

AVimiiram, i, n. Ariminum; a 
town of Umbria, on the slwre of the 

Adriatic, at the mouth of a river of th& 
same name (now Rimini). — Hence, 
Arimin-ensis, e, adj. Pertaining to 
Ariminum,— As, Subst. : Ariminens-» 
es, mm, m. (sc. cives) The inhabitants 
of Ariminum. 

AViobarzanes, is, m/ Apiopapgd- 
vt]<;. Ariobarzanes; a king of Cappa- 
ariola, ariolatio, etc., v. har. 
Xrion, onis, m. (Ace. Gr. Ariona, 
Ov.) 'ApiW. Arion: 1. A celebrated 
player on the cithara, of Methymna in 
Lesbos, rescued from drowning by a 
dolphin,— Hence, Arion-Xus, a, um, 
adj. 'Apt.6vt.os. Belonging to Arion. — 2 
A horse said to have been endowed with 
speech and the gift of prophecy, sent by 
Neptune to Adraslus. 

Ariovistus, i, m. Ariovistus; a 
German king in the time of Ccesar. 

Arisba, as. Ari-sba ; a town of 
Troas: Virg. 

ar4=st=a, as,/, [etym. dub.; prps. 
ar=ad; (i); st-o] (The thing standing 
■up; hence) I. Prop.: The top or beard 
of an ear of corn : Cic II. Me ton. % 
A. : 1. An ear of corn: Ov. — 2. An 
ear of spikenard: Ov.— B. Summer: 
Claud. — C. Of the hair of men: Pers. 
Aristseus, i, m., 'Apia-roues (One 
pertaining to a noble) Aristceus; a son 
of Apollo and Gyrene, who is said to have 
taught men the management of bees and 
the treatment of milk, and to have been 
the first who planted olive-trees. He 
was the husband of Autonoe, and father 
of Actaeon. 

Aristarclms, i, m., 'Apt<rrapxos 
(Best-ruler). Aristorchus : 1. Prop.: 
A critic of Alexandria, who animad- 
verted severely upon the poetry of Homer, 
and contended that many of his verses 
were spurious. II. Meton. : For a 
critic: Cic. 

Aristides, is, m., 'Apio-Tet'STj? (Son 
of a noble). Aristides; an Athenian 
renowned for his integrity. 

Aristius, \\,m. Aristius; a Roman 
name ; e. g. Aristius Fuscus, a learned 
poet, rhetorician, and grammarian ; 
and an intimate friend of Horace. 

aristolochi'a, od,f. — a.pi<TTo\oxia. 
(A thing most excellent for child- 
birth). Birth-wort: Cic. % Hence, Fr, 

Aristophanes, is, m., 'Apicrro- 
4>dvr}s (He who appears best). Arist- 
ophanes: 1„ The most distinguished 
comic poet of Greece, contemporary with 
Socrates. — Hence, Aristophan-eus, 
(-ins), a, um, adj. Aristophanean,— 
2. A distinguished grammarian of Byz- 
antium, pupil of Eratosthenes, and 
teacher of the critic Aristarchus. 

Aristoteles, is (Gen. AristotelL 
Cic), m., 'ApicTTOT4\y)<; (Best-accom» 
plishcr). Aristotle; a learned and di- 
stinguished pupil of Plato, a native oj 
Stagira,in Macedonia, teachei- of Alex- 
ander the Great, and founder of the 
Peripatetic philosophy. — Hence,Arist« 
6tel=rus (-©us), a, um, adj. Ari- 
arithmetlca, as, -e, es, /.=apt^ 



jAijTticr; (.w. Tiyi>Y\). Arithmetic ; the 
w&jtce of numbers: Sen. *f Hence, 
Fr. arithmetique. 

arithmetlcus, &,um, adj. =api0/x- 
tjriKo?. Of, or pertainirig to, arithmetic : 
ratio ,Vitr. — As Subst. : aritliinetica, 
Oram, n. Arithmetic: in arithmeticis 
exercitatus, Cic. f Hence, Fr. arilhm- 

arl-tudo, ftiis, /. [for arid-tudo ; 
fr. arid-us] {The quality of the aridus ; 
,kence) Dryness, aridity, draught: Plaut. 

aVJusIus, a, um, adj. Of ', or belong- 
ing to, Ariusia (in Chios) : vina, Virg. 

ar-ma, orum, n. [prob. akin to 
aj9-<o, apto] (Things adapted or suited 
to any purpose; hence) 1, Of war : 
a. Gen.: (a) Prop.: Arms, wea- 
pons: armis positis, Cic— (b) Fig.: 
Arm$,iceapons: tenere semper amia, 
qui bus vel tectus ipse esse possis, vel 
ulcisci lacessitus, Cic— (c) Me ton.: 
(a) War: Liv.— (jS) A battle, contest, 
etc: Virg. — (y) A side or party in 
war : Cic. — (8) Armed men, tcarricrs, 
etc.: Li v.; Virg.— b. Esp.: (a) (a) 
Prop. : Defensive armour, armour 
(e. g. shield, coat of mail, helmet, etc.): 
Liv. — (£) Fig.: Armour; means of 
protection or of defence : Cic — (y) 
M e t o n. : Means of defence ; a covering, 
cover, etc.: Ov.— (b) (a) Prop.: Of- 
fensive arms; arms, weapons for the 
purpose of attack, esp. at close quar- 
ters (e. g. the sword, club, etc.): Tac; 
Liv. — (/3) Fig.: Weapons, means of 
attack : hinc spargere voces In vulgum 
ambiguas, et qugerere conscius arma, 
Virg. — 2. Implements: a. For grind- 
ing and baking : Cerealia arma, Virg. 
— b. For agriculture: dicendum et, 
quas sint duris agrestibus arma, Virg. 
— c« Of a barber : e. g. scissors, razor, 
etc. Mart. — d. Of an aeronaut, etc, 
e. g. wings : Ov. — 3. Of a ship : Tack- 
ling, equipment, etc.', e.g. sails, cord- 
age, etc. : Virg. *[ Hence, Fr. arme. 

arnia-menta, orum, n. [arm(a)- 
o] (Things serving to equip ox fit out a 
person or thing; hence) 1. Imple- 
ments, utensils, etc.: PI. — 2. The tack- 
ling of a ship (sails, cables, etc): a» 
Prop.: aptarique suis pinum jubet 
armamentis, Ov.— Sometimes the sails 
are excepted : quum omnis spes in 
velis armamentisque consisteret, Cass. 
— b. Fig.: Of a woman on board a 
vessel : Plaut. % Hence, Fr. armemeni. 

armament-arluni, ii, n. [arma- 
ment-a] (A thing or place pertaining to 
armamenta ; hence) 1, An arsenal, 
armoury: Cic; Juv. — 2. A naval 
arsenal, a dockyard, where ships were 
drawn ashore : Cic. 

armari5«ln.m, \,n.dim. [armari- 
um, (uncontr. Gen.) armario-i] A 
little chest or closet: Plaut. 

armarium, Ii, n. [arm-a] (A 
thing pertaining to arma ; hence) A 
closet, chest, box, safe, etc : Cic <f 
Hence, Fr. armoire. 

arrsaa-tura, se, /. [arm(a)-o] 
(Prop.: An arming; Meton.) 1. Arm- 
our, equipment: Cic — 2. Armed sol- 
diers (with the adj. levis^velites) : 
Cic; Caes. 


1. arma-tus, a, um : 1. P. oi 

arm(a)-o. — 2. Pa. : a. Armed, equipped, 
fitted with armour : (Sup,) quasi arm- 
atissimifuerintjCic — As Subst. : arm- 
atns, i,»»., An armed man, a soldier: 
b. (a) Prop.: Equipped, fitted out, 
etc. : classes armatse, Virg. — (b) Fig.: 
Furnished, equipped, provided : arrnati 
aniinis jam esse debemus, Cic 

2. arnia«tus, us, m. [arm(a)-o] 
(only in Abl. Sing.) (Prop.: An arm- 
ing; Meton.) 1. Armour, equipment: 
Liv. — 2. Armed soldiers : LiY. 

Armenia., a), /. Armenia ; a coun- 
try of Asia, divided into Armenia Major 
(Eastern, now Turcomania and Kurd- 
istan) and Minor (Western, now Ana- 
tolia).— Hence, 1 . ArmSnX-acus, a, 
um/4 Armenian.— 2. Armenl-us, 
a, um, adj. Armenian. — As Subst. : 
Armenms, Ii, m. An Armenian. 

arment-alis, e, adj. [arment-um] 
Pertaining to a herd: Virg. 

a,rment-arius, ft, m. [id.] (One 
pertaining to an armentum ; hence) A 
herdsman, neatherd : Virg. 

ar-mentura, i, n. [ar-o] (The 
ploughing thing, the plougher ; hence) 

I. Prop.: Cattle for ploughing: Cic 

II. Meton,: A drove, herd, etc. of 
horses, deer, or other large animals : 

arm-I-fer, era, erum, adj. [arm-a ; 
(i); fer-o] Bearing or carrying wea- 
pons, armed; warlike: Minerva, Ov. 
% Hence, Fr. armifbre. 

arni-i-ger, era, 5rum, adj. [arm-a; 
(i) ; ger-o] 1. Bearing or carrying 
weapons, armed, warlike: pennigoro 
non armigero in corpore, Cic- -As 
Subst. : a. armiger, Sri, m. (sc. 
homo): (a) Prop. : (a) One who car- 
ries his own arms, an armed person : 
Curt. — ()8) One tcho carries the arms of 
another; an armour-bearer, shield- 
bearer: Virg. — (b) Meton. : (a) An 
attendant, adherent, servant : Plaut. — 
(j8) An aider, abetter: Cic — b. arm- 
igera,, se, /. (sc. femina) A female 
armour-bearer: Ov. — 2. Bearing or 
producing arms, or armed men : hum- 
us, i. e. the field at Colchis, from which 
armed men sprang up, Prop. 

arm-ilia, ee, /..[arm-us] (A thing 
pertaining to an annus; hence) An 
ornament for the arm; an armlet, 
arm-ring: Liv. 

armill-atas, a, um, adj. [arm- 
ill-a] (Provided with an armilla ; 
hence) I. Prop.: Ornamented with a 
bracelet: turba, Suet. II. Meton.: 
Wearing a collar : canes, Prop. 

Arm-I-lustr^um, i, n. [arm-a; 
(i); lustr-o] (The thing purifying arms ; 
hence) Armilustrum ; a place in Borne, 
where the festival of the purification of 
arms was celebrated: Liv. 

arm-I«p5tens, entis, adj. [arm-a; 
(i); potens] Powerful in arms, valiant, 
warlike: Mars, Virg. 

arm-I-sSii-iis, a,,\\m,adj. [arm-a; 
(i) ; son-o] Resounding with arms: Virg. 

arm«o, avi, afcum, arc, 1. v. a. 
[arm-a] I.: A. Prop.: To famish 
with iceapons, to arm : servi in dominos 
armabantur, against their masters, 

Cic: armarein praalia fratres,/or bat* 
ties, Virg. B. Fig. : To arm, excite, 
rouse, stir up : Claudii sententia con- 
sules armabat in tribunos, against the 
tribunes, Liv. II.: A. Prop.: To 
arm, fit out, equip, furnish with, what 
is needful, esp. for purposes of war : 
ad armandas naves, Cass. : bello arm- 
antur equi, Virg. B. Fig.: To arm, 
equip, furnish, etc: temeritatem con» 
cibatas muliitudinis auctoritate publ 
ica, Cic. «f Hence, Fr. armer. 

Ar-in8r»2cus (Arena»), a, um, 
adj. [ar = on, at ; mor ~ sea : coast- 
land, sea-coast] Of, or belonging to, the 
sea -coast; Armoric; the appellation 
given to the states, etc., on the N. W. 
coast of Gaul, including the tract of 
country between the Sequana (now the 
Seine) and Liger (now the Loire). — As 
Subst. : Armorica, ee, f. (sc. terra) 
Armor ica. 

armus, i, m. — dpnos (That which 
is fitted on; hence) I, Prop.: A. Oi 
animals : The shoulder where it is 
fitted to the shoulder-blade, the fore- 
hand : Hor. — B. Of persons : The up^ 
per arm, near the shoulder : Virg. 

II. Meton.: A. Of men: The whole 
arm: Luc— B. Of animals: The flank 
or side : Hor. 

Arne, es, /., y Apvn (Receiver). 
Arne; a woman who betrayed her coun- 
try for money, and was changed into a 

Arnus, i, m. Arnus; a river of 
Etruria (now the Arno). — Hence, 
Arn-Iensis, e, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, the Arnus. 

&r-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.=: 
ap-oa) : I, Prop.: To plough, to till; 
ager non semel aratus, Cic. — Pro v.: 
Arare litus, To plough the sea-shore, 
i. e. to bestow vseless labour : Ov. II, 
Fig.: A. Of a ship: To plough: 
oequor, Virg. — B. Of age : To furrow 
the body, i.e. to wrinkle: jam venient 
ruga3, qua? tibi corpus arent, Ov. 

III. Meton.: A. To cultivate land: 
jugera, Hor. — B. To pursue agricul- 
ture; to live by husbandry : civos Rom- 
ani, qui arant in Sicilia, Cic. — C. T& 
gain by agriculture, to acquire by till- 
age : decern medimna ex jugero arare, 

Arpi, 5rum, m. Arpi; a town of 
Apulia, at first called Argos Hippium, 
afterwards Argyripa (now Foggia). — 
Hence, Arp-imis, a, um, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Arpi. — As Subst. : 
Arpini, orum, m. (sc. cives) The in- 
habitants of Arpi. 

Arpiimra, i, n. Arpinum ; & town 
of Latium, the birth-place of Cicero and 
Marius,— Hence, 1. Arpln-as, atis, 
adj. Pertaining to Arpinum; Arpim- 
an.—2. Arpln«us, a, um, adj. Of 

arqu»atus, a, um, adj. [arqu-us= 

arc-us] 1. (Provided with a bow; 

hence) Bent, arched: Iris et arquato 

cojlum curvamine signans, Ov.— 2, 

(Provided with a rainbow; hence) Like 

| the rainbow in colour : morbus, the 

'Jaundice (in which the skin turns to 

) the yellow colour of the rainbow), 




Gels. —As Subst. : arquatus, i, m. 
A jaundiced person : Lucr. 

arqiras, us, v. arous. 

arrec-tus (adr-) (for arreg-tus), 
a, um : 1. /'.of arrig-o, through true 
root arrkg.— 2. Pa. : (Set upright; 
hence) Steep, precipitous : (Comp.) 
pleraque Alpium arrectiora, Liv. 

ar-repo (adr-), si, turn, ere, 3. 
v. n. [for ad-repo] I. Prop.: To creep, 
crawl, or move slowly to ; to steal softly 
to: ad raatris morientis mammam 
adrepens infans, PL II. Pig. : To 
approach gently, to steal up, etc. : ad 
amicitiam, Cic. 

arrep-tus, (for arrap-tus), a, um, 
P.of arrip-io, through true root arrap. 

Arretium (Aret»), li, n. Arreti- 
um or Arctium ; a large town ofEtruria 
(now Arezzo). — Hence, Arret-inus 
(Aret°), a, um, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Arretium. — As Subst. : Arretmi 
(Aret-), drum, m. (sc. cives) The in- 
habitants of Arretium. 

arrha (-ra), ss, /. ; arrhabo 
(-rabo), also shortened rliabo, onis, 
m., dppafiuyv: I. Prop.: Earnest- 
money, a deposit: Plaut. II. Met- 
on. : A pledge, security: Plaut.; PI. 
f[ Hence, Fr.' arrhes. 

ar»rideo (ad-), si, sum, dere, 2. 
v. n, and a. [for ad-rideo] I. Prop. : 
To laugh or smile at, esp. with approb- 
ation : A. Neut. : arridere vix notis, 
Liv. — B. Act. : si arriderentur, Cic. 
II. Fig.: A. To be favourable • quum 
tempestas arridet, Lucr. — B. To be 
pleasing, to please: quibus hasc arrid- 
ere velim, Hor. 

ar-rlgo (ad-), rexi, rectum, rYggre, 
3. v. a. [for ad-rego] I. Prop.: To set 
up, raise, erect : leo comas arrexit, 
Virg. II. Fig.: A, To rouse, encour- 
age, animate, excite: eos non paulum 
oratione sua- Marius arrexerat, Sail. : 
arrecti ad bellandum animi sunt, Liv. : 
(Pass, with Or. Ace.) his animum ar- 
recti dictis, Virg.— B. Arrigere aures, 
To prick up the ears, i. e. to listen to, be 
attentive: arrectis auribus asto, Virg. 

ar-rtpXo (ad«),rlpui, reptum, rlp- 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-rapio] I. : A. 
Prop. : To snatch, catch, draw, seize a 
person or thing to one's self: arcus, 
Ot. B» Fig. : (To take to one's self; 
■aence) 1, To appropriate, procure, 
seize: facultatem lsedendi,Cic: cogno- 
men sibi ex JEliorum imaginibus ar- 
ripuit, id.— 2. To seize upon for one's 
own profit, etc.; to learn with avidity, 
etc. : gen as divinandi naturale, quod 
animus arriperet ... ex divinatione, 
Cic. II.: A. Prop. : To seize, lay 
hold of: arrepto repente equo, Liv. 
B, Fig. : 1. To bring or summon 
hastily or violently before a tribunal ; to 
hurry or drag into court; to complain 
of, accuse, etc. (esp. a magistrate, etc., 
it the expiration of his term of office) : 
fcribunus plebis abeuntes magistratu 
arripuit, Liv,— 2. In Hor.: To attack 
with ridicule or reproach; to ridicule, 
satirize : primores populi arripuit, Hor. 

arrl-sio (adrl-), onis, /. [for 
arrid-sio ; fr. arrid-eo] A smiling 
Vpcn with approbation : Auct. Her. 

arri-sor (adrl-), oris, m. [for 
arrid-sor ; fr. arrid-eo] One who smiles 
on another ; a flatterer, fawner : Sen. 

ar»rodo (ad-), si, sum, dere. 3. 
v. a. [for ad-rodo] To gnaw or nibble 
at ; to gnaw : I, P r o p. : arrosis clypeis, 
PI. II. Fig.: rempublicam, Cic. 

arroga»ns (adr»), ntis : 1. P. of 
arrog(a)-o. — 2. Pa. {Appropriating to 
one's self something not one's own; 
hence) Of character: a. Prop.: 
Assuming, presumptuous, arrogant: 
Indutiomarus minax atque arrogans, 
Cic. : (Comp.) pigritia arrogantior, 
Quint. : (Sup.) arrogantissima per- 
suasio, Quint. — fo. Meton.: Haughty, 
proud: hominum arrogantium no- 
mina, Cic. «f Hence, Fr. arrogant. 

arrogan-ter (adr»), adv. [for 
arrogant-ter ; fr. arrogans, arrogant- 
is] I. Prop. : Assumingly, presumpt- 
uously, arrogantly: scribere, Cic. II. 
Meton.: Proudly, haughtily: (Comp.) 
prsefari arrogantius, Gell. 

arrSgant-ia (adr-), ee,/. [arrog- 
ans, arrogant-is] (The quality of the 
arrogans ; hence) I. Prop.: Assump- 
tion ; presuming or arrogant behaviour, 
etc.: Cic. II. Meton.: A. Pride, 
haughtiness: Liv.; Tac. — B. Pertin- 
acity in one's demands ; obstinacy: Liv. 
If Hence, Fr. arrogance. 

ar»r5g© (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-rogo] I. : A. P r o p. : 
Law t. t.\ To take a man sui juris in 
the place of a son; to adopt: Gell. 
B. Fig.: To appropriate to one's self 
that which does not belong to one ; 
to claim as one's own : Cic. II. Polit. 
t. t. : To add one magistrate to an- 
other ; to associate one magistrate 
with another : dictatorem consuli,Liv. 
III. To ask or inquire further of one ; 
to question one further: Venus haic 
volo arroget te, Plaut. % Hence, Fr. 

arro=sor (adr 6«), oris, m. [for 
arrod-sor ; fr. arrod-o] One who gnaws 
at or consumes any thing : Sen. 

arro-siis (adro»), (for arrod- 
sus), a, um, P. of arrod-o. 

ar-s, artis, /. [usually referred to 
ap-(o, apto ; hence, A joining ; i. e. 
skill in joining something, combining, 
working it, etc. ; by some considered 
akin to root AR, whence ar-o, to 
plough; and so, a ploughing, as the 
first and most important act of skill ; 
hence] I, Prop. : A. Skill in any 
work, profession, etc. Cic. — B. : A 
profession, art, calling, whether liberal 
or illiberal : Ov.; Cic. II. Meton. : 
An : 1. : a. The theory lying at the 
basis of any art or science : Cic. — b. 
A rhetorical treatise, a work on rhetoric : 
Cic. — 2» The knowledge, art, skill, 
cleverness, workmanship, employed in 
effecting or working upon an object : 
Virg.— 3. An object artistically formed, 
a work of art: Hor. — 4. Plur.: The 
Muses : Phred. — B. Of the moral 
character as made known by actions : 
1, Manner of life or acting; habit, 
practice, etc. (whether used in a good 
or bad sense, must be determined by 
the context or a qualifying word) : 

Cic; Hor.-— 2. Cunning, artifice, fraud, 
stratagem : Liv. ; Virg. % Hence, Fr, 

Arsaces, is, m.^kpaanys. Arsaces-, 
the first king of the Parthians. — Hence, 
1. Arsac-idS5 9 arum (Gen. Plur. 
Arsacidum, Luc), m. The descendant- 
of Arsaces. — 2. Arsac-Xus, a, um, 
adj. (Prop.: Pertaining to Arsaces; 
Meton.) Parthian. 

ar=sus, a, um (for ard-sus), P. of 

Artabanus, i, m. Artabanus: 1. 
A Parthian Icing, of the family of the 
Arsacidce. — 2. -4 general of Xerxes. 

arta-tus (arcta-) , a, um : 1 . P. of 
art(a)-o. — 2. Pa.: (Contracted into a 
small compass ; hence) a. Of space : 
Narrow, close: pontus, Luc. — b. Of 
time : Short: tempus, Veil. 

Artaxata, orum, n. (-a, se, /., 
Tac. ) , ' Apra^'ara . Artaxata ; th e capital 
of Armenia Major, built by Artaxias, 
on the Araxes (now Ardaschir). 

Artaxerxes, is, m., 'Apia^p^ 
(ace. to Herod., equivalent to p.iya? 
apijios). Artaxerxes ; the name of some 
of the Persian kings. 

art-e (arct-), adv. [art-us] I. 
Prop.: Closely, tightly : (Comp.) artius 
complecti, Cic. : (Sup.) q.u.&m artissime 
ire, Sail. II. Fig.: A. Narrowly, m 
a narrow compass: adstringere ra- 
tionem, Cic. — B. Closely, deeply, affect- 
ionately: diligere, PL — G. Strictly, 
severely : ilium mater arte habet, 

Artemisluni, li, n., 'AprefXLo-iov 
(A thing pertaining to Artemis or 
Diana) . Artemisium ; a promontory of 

arteria, as,/, (-Iran, ri,w.,Lucr.) 
— apTt]pia. : 1. The windpipe: PI. — On 
account of its internal roughness, 
called also arteria aspera : Cic. — Since 
it consists of two parts, also in the 
plur.: Auct. Her.— 2. An artery: Cels. 
<f Hence, Fr. artbre. 

arthrlticus, a,um, adj. — apQpm- 
kos. Gouty, arthritic: Cic. «f Hence, 
Fr. arthritique. 

artlciil-aris, e, adj. [articul-us] 
Pertaining to the joints: morbus, gout, 
Suet. % Hence, Fr. articulable. 

artleul-atim, adv. [articul-us] 
I. Prop. : Joint by joint, limb by limb, 
piecemeal: Plant. II, Fig.: A. Of 
time : Piecemeal: Plaut.— B. Of style: 
Clearly, distinctly : Cic. 

artXciila-frii®, a, um, P. of arti- 

artSeul-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[articul-us] (Prop.: To furnish with 
joints ; Fig.) Of style: To utter distinctly, 
to articulate: voces articulat lingua, 
Lucr. <|f Hence, Fr. articuler. 

art-icnlus, i, m. dim. [art-us] I. 
Prop. : A. Of persons or animals : A 
small connecting member or limb; a 
joint : articulorum dolores habere, i. e. 
''gouty pains, Cic— B. Of plants: A 
I joint, knot: Cic. II. Fig. : A» Of 
style: A division, part, member: Auct. 
Her.— B. Of time : 1. A point, a mo- 
ment (with or without temporis) : 
Cic; Ter, — Also, with rertini : Curt 



—2. A space, division: PI. — C. Of 
other abstract things : Part, division, 
point : per eosdem articulos (i. e, per 
easdem honorum partes) et gradus 
producere, Suet. •([ Hence, Fr. article. 
art-I-fex, icis, [for art-i-fac-s ; 
fr. ars, art-is; (i); fae-io] I. Subst. 
coram, gen.: A. Prop.: One who 
exercises a liberal act; an artist, art- 
ificer : Qraeci artifices, Cic. : artifices 
Bcenici, i- e. actors, id. : diccndi, Cic. 
B. F i g. : A master in any thing, in 
doing any thing, etc. : artifices ad 
corrumpendum judicium, Cic. C« 
Me ton. : 1. Gen. : A maker, origin- 
ator*, author, contriver of a thing: Cic. 
— 2. Esp. : A sly, cunning contriver, 
inventor of a thing : Virg. II. Adj. : 

A. Act. : Fitted for, skilled in a thing ; 
clever, ingenious, dexterous: Of persons 
or things: artifices mantis, Ov. : (with 
Gen.) per homines talis negotii art- 
ifices itinera explorat, Sail. — B. 
Pass. : 1. Skilfully prepared or made ; 
artistic, ingenious, dexterous: quatuor 
artifices, vivid a signa, boves, Prop. — 
2. Of a horse : Broken, trained : equum 
artificem regere, Ov. 

artlflclos-e, adv. [artiflcios-tis] 
With art, artificially, according to the 
rules of art: digerere, Cic. : (Comp.) 
artificiosius, id. : (Sup.) artificiosis- 
sime, Auct. Her. 

artiftcx-osus, a, um, adj. [artifici- 
nm] I. Prop. : A, Act. : (Full of 
artificium ; hence) Skilful, full of art 
or ingenuity: (Comp.) multo artifici- 
osius est scribere ex arte, Auct. Her. : 
(Sup.) rhetores artificiosissimi, Cic- — 

B. Pass. : On which much art has been 
bestowed, made with art, artificial, art- 
istic: vis artificiosi operis, Cic. II. 
Me ton.: According to the rules of 
art, artificial: ea genera divinandi 
non natiiralia, seel artiflciosadicuntur, 
Cic. f Hence, Fr. artificieux. 

artificium, ii, n. [artifex, artific- 
is] I. Prop. : The occupation of an 
artifex ; the exercise of a profession or 
trade; an employment, a handicraft, 
an art : Cic. II. M e t o n. : A. Theory, 
system: Cic. — B. Skill, knowledge, in- 
genuity: Cic. — C. Craft, cunning, art- 
ifice: Cses. f Hence, Fr. artifice. 

art-o (arct-), avi, atnm, are, I. 
v. a. [1. art-us] I. Prop.: To draw 
close together, to bring into a small com- 
pass; to mate close, coynpress, contract: 
omnia concnlatu artari possunt, Lucr. 
II. Fig.: To contract, limit, etc. : in 
honoribus omnia artata, Li v. 

art51aganus, i, m.~kpro\ayavov 
(Break-cake). A kind of savoury bread 
or cake (made of meal, wine, milk, oil, 
lard, and pepper) : Cic. 

artopta, as, m.=apT07mjs (Bread- 
dresser) : 1. A baker: Juv. — 2. A mould 
to bake bread in, : Plaut. 

artna, v. 2. artus init, 

1. ar-tas (arc-), a, um, adj. [akin 
to Or. ap-oj] (Joined or fitted together; 
hence) I, P r o p. : Narrow, close, strait, 
confined: theatrum, Hor. : (Comp.) 
artiores laquei, Cic. — As Subst. : ar° 
linn, i ; n A narrow place or passage ; 
narrow space: multiplic&lis in arto 

ordinibus, Liv. IE. Fig. : A. Strait- 
ened, scanty, small: arti commeatus, 
Liv. — B. Of circumstances in life,^c\: 
Needy, indigent, straitened: res artas 
nunciare, Tac. — C Close, stringent, 
severe: leges artaque jura, Lucr. — D. 
Close, dense, profound: (Sup.) artis- 
simae tenebrfe, Suet. — E. Of canvass- 
ing : Close-run, hard , difficult : petitio, 

2. ar-tus, us, m. (Plur. n. artiia, 
Plaut.) [id.] (A fitting on; concr., 
That which fits on, etc. ; hence) I. i 
Prop. : A joint (mostly plur.) : pal- 
pitat artus, Luc. : dolor artuum, i. e. 
gout, Cic. II. Me ton. : The (larger, 
jointed) limbs: tota mente atque omn- 
ibus artubus contremiscere, Cic. 

ar-ula, a3, /. dim. [ar-a] (Prop.: 
A small ara ; hence) A small altar : 

arandi-fex* (liar-), fera, ferum, 
adj. [Cor arundin-fer ; fr. arundo, 
arundin-is ; fer-o] Reed-bearing : cap- 
ut, Ov. 

arundin-Sus (har»), a, um, adj. 
[arundo, arundin-is] (Pertaining to 
an arundo ; hence) Of, or pertain- 
ing to, reeds; reedy, reed-: silva, 

artmdrn-osus (har-), a, um, 
adj. [id.] Abounding in reeds: Cat. 

ar-und-o (har-),Inis,/. [prps. ar 
(~ad) ; und-a] (That which is, or 

(The enclosing thing ; hence) I. Prop.; 
A castle, citadel, fortress, stronghold; 
at Rome, the Capitol: Cic; Lucr.— • 
Pro v.: Areem facere e cloaca, To 
make a castle out of a seicer; i. e. to 
make much ado about nothing, a moun- 
tain of a molehill, Cic. II.' Meton.: 
A. A height, eminence, etc.: Ov. — B. 
Of mountains : 1. G-cn.: Peak, sum- 
mit, top, etc.: Ov. ; Virg. — 2. Esp.: 
One of the summits of the Capitoline hill 
at Pome, prob. the northern (where the 
church of Ara-celi noxo stands), regul- 
arly used for taking the auspices: Luc. 
— C. Of any thing lofty, or placed in 
a lofty spot : A citadel ; a pinnacle, 
etc.: Ov. ; Hor. III. Fig. : A. De- 
fence, protection, refuge, bulwark, etc.: 
Cic. — B. Height, pitch, pinnacle: Tac. 
— C. The stronghold or key of opera- 
tions in war : Liv. 

as, assis, m. [et?, Dor. al<?, Tarent. 
as] I. Prop.: Unity, a unit. As a 
standard for different coins, measure, 
weight, etc., divided into the following 
twelve parts : uncia, one twelfth ; sext- 
ans, two twelfths or one sixth; quadr- 
ats, three twelfths or one fourth ; 
tr'iens, four twelfths or one tJiird ; quinc- 
unx, five twelfths ; semissis or semis, 
six twelfths or one half; septunx, seven 
twelfths ; bessis or bes, eight twelfths or 
two thirds; dodrans, nine tivelfths or 
three fourths ; dextans or decunx, ten 

grows, near water ; hence) I. Prop.: ticelfths or five sixths; deunx, eleven 

The reed, cane: Ov. II. Meton.: 
Any thing made of reed or cane: A.^l 
wreath, chaplet, ox crown of reeds: Ov. ; 
Hor. — B. A fishing-rod: Ov. ; Mart. 
— G. A limed reed ox cane for catching 
birds : Mart. — D. : 1. The shaft of an 

twelfths ; as, twelve twelfths or the unit,— 
Particular phrases connected 
with the division of property, etc.: 
hseres ex asse, i. e. sole heir, Quint. : 
novissimo testamento tres instituit 
hseredes ; C. Octavium ex dodrante (to 

arrow: Ov. — 2. An arrow: Virg.; \ the amount of three fourths of the estate), 
Ov. — E. A pen: Pcrs. — F. A reed- | etL. Pinariumet Q. Pedium ex quadr- 
vipe, shepherd's pipe, Pan-pipes: Virg.; I ante (to the amount of one fourth) , Suet, 
rw n a #,,*». rw _ xr a /■w*.-t»™. , <,\ tt "M"o + /mt • a a\, s,» nr. *^^^. „,™-*, 

Ov.— G. A flute: Ov. — H. A (weaver's) 
comb: Ov. — J. A reed or broom for 
brushing down cobwebs : Plaut. — 
K. A splint for holding together the 
injured parts of the body : Suet.— L. 
A plaything for children ; a hobby- 
horse: Hor. 

Aruns, ntis, m. [pure Etruscan 
Arnth, Or." App&>i> or 'Appoijvs] Aruns ; 
an Etruscan name of younger sotis 
(while the elder were called Lar or 

aruspex, v. haruspex. 

Ar verni, orum , m . The Arvern i ; 
a people of Gaul, in the present Au- 

arvina, as,/, [etym. dub.] Grease, 
fat, suet, lard: pinguis, Virg. 

arvum, i, n., v. arvus. 

ar-vus, a, um, adj. [ar-o] That 
has been ploughed, but not yet sown : 
agri arvi et arbusti, Cic. — As Subst.: 
arvum, i, n. (sc. solum): 1. Prop.: 
An arable field, cultivated land, afield, 
ploughed land, glebe : Cic. — 2. Meton.: 
a. A region, country: Ov. — b. Plur.: 
Fields, plains. — c. Pasture-ground : 
arvaque mugitu sancite boaria longo 
(i. e. the forum boarium at Rome), 
Prop. — d. Arva Neptunia, Sea: Virg. 
— e. A shore, coast: Virg. 

ars, arcis,/. [for arc-s; fr. arc-eo] 

II. Meton.: A, An as, or copper coin 
(icorih about |d. English) (called also 
as libralis or oas grave from the ancient 
custom of weighing money) uncoined 
(ees rude), till Servius Tullius stamped 
ii icith the figures of animals. Its iceight 
was originally a pound, but became 
gradually reduced to half an ounce: 
viatica ad assem Perdiderat, $o the 
last farthing , Hor. — B. Of weight : .4 
pound: Ov. 

asa, v. ara. 

AsbSIus, i, m. [acr^dArj, "soot"] 
(Sooty one) Asbolus ; a black liound 
belonging to Actceon: Ov. 

Ascalaplms, i, m., 'A<Ti«i\a<f)o<;. 
Ascalaphus ; a son of Acheron and 
Orphne, ivho told Pluto that Proserpine 
had eaten some grains of a pomegranate 
in the infernal regions. For this he was 
changed by her into an oicl. 

Ascanius, ii, m. Ascanius ; a son 
of jEneas and Creusa. 

ascaules, is, m. = ko-KavK^. A 
bag-piper: Mart. 

a-scendo (ad«=), scendi, seen sum, 
scendere, 3. v. n. and a. [forad-scando] 
To ascend, mount up, climb : I. Prop.: 
A. Kent. : qua fefellerat ascendens 
hostes, Liv. : in murum, Cic— B, 
Act.: ripam, Cic: mons erat ascend - 
endus, Ores. I1L Fig.: A„ Neut. : 



propter quern (sc. ornatum) ascendit 
in tar^um honorem eloquentia, Cic— 
B. Act.: gradum dignitatis, Cic 

aseen-sio (ads-), onis, /. [for 
Rscend-sio ; fr. ascend-o] An ascending, 
ascent: I. Prop. : ad Mrundinuin 
nidum ascensionem facere, Plaut. II. 
Fig.: oratorum, a soaring , Cic. <ff 
Hence, Fr. ascension. 

1. ascen-sus (ads-), a, um (for 
ascend-sus), P. of ascend-o. 

2. ascen-sus (ads-), us, m. [for 
ascend-sus; fr. ascend-o] I. Prop.: 
An ascending 9 ascent: Gees. II. Met- 
on. : A place where one ascends; an 
approach, ascent: Cic; Ov. III. Fig.: 

A, An ascent: ad honoris amplioris 
gradum is primus ascensus esto, Cic. — 

B. A degree, step, gradation: in virtute 
multi sunt ascensus, Cic. 

a-scio (ad-), no per/, nor sup., 
scire, 4. v. a. [for ad-scio] To take to one's 
self, etc., knowingly and willingly; to 
receive, admit, etc (prps. found only 
in Inf. Frees.): Tac; Virg. 

asci-sco (adsci-), asclvi, ascltum, 
asciscere, 3. v. a. inch, [asci-o] I. 
Prop. : To receive, admit, take, adopt, 
etc : amitti civitatem llomanam, alia 
ascita, IsTep. : (with second Ace. of 
further definition) aliquem patronum, 
Cic II, F i g. : A. To take, draw, or re- 
ceive to ones self: ascivcrunfc sibi illud 
oppidum pirata? primo commercio, 
deinde etiam societate, Cic B.: 1. 
To fetch, receive, take, appropriate to 
one's self, adopt: sacra a Grcecis ascita, 
Cic. — 2. To take ov receive with approb- 
ation ; to approve, be pleased with : 
qnas (sc. leges) Latini voluerunt, asc- 
iverunt, Cic — 3. To assume or arrog- 
ate to one's self: eos illius expertes 
esse prudentise, quam sibi asciscerent, 
Cic— 4. To order, decree, or approve 
of: fatidieoruin et vatum effata in- 
cognita, Cic. 

1. ascS-tus (adsci-), a,um : I. P. 
of asci-sco. — 2 . Pa. : Assumed, foreign : 
in eo nativum quendam leporem esse 
non ascitum, Nep. 

2. asci-tus (adsci-), us, m. [asci- 
sco] An acceptance, reception: Cic 

Asclepiades, as, m., 'Ao-KA^-n-ta- 
5t]?. Asclepiades: 1. A distinguished 
physician of Prusa, in Bithynia, friend 
of Orassus. — 2. A blind philosopher of 

asc5pera, EC, /. = aarKOfrripa. A 
leathern travelling-bag or sack used by 
travellers on foot : Suet. 

Ascra, se, /., "Aaicpa. Ascra; a 
village of Boeotia, near Mount Helicon, 
the birth-place of Ilesiod. — Hence, 
Ascr-seus, a, um, adj., 'AcncpaZos : 
t .Prop.: Ascrosan: senex, i. e. Ilesiod, 
Virg» — As Subst.: Ascrseus, i, m. 
The Ascrcean; i.e. Ilesiod: Ov. — 2. 
Me ton.: a. Hesiodic or of Ilesiod: 
carmen, *'. e. rural, Virg. — b. Of Heli- 
con, Heliconian: fontes, Prop. 

a-scrlbo (ad-), scripsi, scriptum, 
scribere, 8. v. a. [for ad-scribo] I. 
Prop.: A. G e n. i To add to, or insert 
in, a tcriting : aliquid, Cic : (with second 
Ace. of farther definition) cohseredem 
sibi libertuni, Suet.. B. Esp.: Polit. 

L t. : To enrol, enter in a list as citizen, 
colonist, etc.: colonos,Liv.: (withsecond 
Ace. of further definition) hunc Heracl- 
eensem, Cic II. Fig.: A.: 1. To im- 
pute, ascribe, attribute to one the cause 
of something : hoc incommodum Scipi- 
oni ascribendum videtur, Cic. — 2. To 
place, as it were to one's credit, i. e. to 
settle, fix, designate, appoint: culpam 
lues, olim quum ascriptus venerit 
poena? dies, Pheed. — 3. Ascribere sibi 
aliquid, To apply, refer something to 
one's self: Phsed. — B.: 1. To reckon 
or number in a class, include among : 
Satyris poetas, Hor. — 2. To add or 
join: tu vero ascribe me talem in 
numerum, Cic — 3. To ascribe, etc., 
to a deity : illi deo (so*. Jovi) ales (sc. 
aquila) adscribitur, PL 

ascript=»lclus (adscr-), a, um, 
adj. [ascribo, (Sup.) ascript-um] That 
is enrolled or entered on a list as citizen, 
colonist, etc. : cives, Cic 

ascrip-tio (ads-), onis, /. [for 
ascrib-tio; fr. ascrib-o] An addition 
in writing : Cic 

ascrip-tivus (ads-), a, um, adj. 
[for ascrib-tivus ; fr. ascrib-o] That is 
enrolled as a (supernumerary) soldier : 

aserip-tor (ads-), oris, m. [for 
ascrib-tor ; fr. ascrib-o] (Prop.: He 
who willingly subscribes his name ; 
Fig.) He who assents or agrees to any 
thing: Cic. 

ascrip»tus (ads-) (for ascrib-tus), 
a, um, P. of ascrib-o. 

Asculum, i, n. Ascuhim: 1. The 
capital of Picenum (now Ascoli). — 
Hence, Ascul-anus, a, um, adj. Of 
Asculum, Asculanian. — As Subst. : 
Asculani, orum, m. (sc. cives) The 
inhabitants of Asculum. — 2. A town of 

Asdrubal, v. Hasdrubal. 

asel-la, se,/. dim. [for asin-la; fr. 
asin-a] A little she-ass : Ov. 

asel»lus, i, m. dim. [for asin-lus ; 
fr. asin-us] I. Prop.: A little ass; an 
ass's colt: Cic. II. Fig.: Of a man 
addicted to sensuality : Juv. 

Asia, so, /., 'Ao-ta: I. Prop.: 
Asia ; a town ofLydia. — Hence, Aslus, 
a, um, adj. Of, ox pertaining to, Asia: 
palus, the marshy region on the river 
Cayster, near the above town. II. 
Met on.: A. Asia Minor. — B. For 
Pergamos: Liv. — C. Asia as a Roman 
province comprehended Mysia, Lydia, 
Caria, and Phrygia. — Hence, 1. As?» 
anus, a, um, adj., 'Aaiavos. Asiatic, 
belonging to the Roman province Asia. — 
As Subst.: Asiani, orum, m.: a. (sc. 
incolse) The inhabitants of the province 
Asia. — b. (sc. equites) The knights who 
farmed the public taxes in Asia. — 2. 
Asia-ticus, a, um, adj., 'Ao-ioltikos. 
Asiatic— As Subst.: Asiaticus, i, m. 
(sc. victor) A cognomen of Cornelius 
Scipio, the conqueror of Antiochus. — D. 

asilus, i, m. A gad-fly, horsefly: 
Virg. f Hence, Fr. asile. 

AsXnlus, n, m. Asinius; a Roman 
name: esp. Asinius Pollio, a friend of 
Augustus, founder of the first library in 

Rome, and author of a history (nou 
lost) of the civil war between Ccesar and 

aslnus, i, m. [akin to ovos] I. 
Prop.: An ass: Cato. II. Fig.: An 
ass; a dolt, simpleton, blockhead : Plaut. ; 
Cic ^T Hence, Fr. dne. 

Asis, idis, /. Asia: Ov. — As Adj.i 
Of, or belonging to, Asia: terra, Ov. 

Asopus, i, m. (Ace. Or. Asopon, 
Ov.), 'Acrcu7rd?. A sop us : 1, A river 
of Boeotia; personified, the father o/ 
JEgina,Evadne, and Euboea, and grand- 
father of JEacus. — Hence, a. Asop* 
lades, ee, m. 'Aacoir-LdS-rj?. A (male) 
descendant ofAsopus ; esp. bis grandson 
sEacus.—h* Asop-is, Idis, /. (Gr. 
Gen. Asopidos, Ov.; Gr. Ace Asopida, 
Ov.) A daughter of Asopus, i.e. (a) 
sEgina; mother of jEacus.—QS)Evadne, 
—2. A river of Tliessaly. 

asotus, i, w.=a<r<oT<K (Unsaved, 
abandoned). A dissolute man, a de- 
bauchee : Cic 

Asparaglum, ft, n. Asparagium; 
a town of Illyria (now Iskarpar). 

asparagus (asph»), i, m. — aa-vr- 
dpayos (acr4>-). Asparagus: Juv. f 
Hence, Fr. asperge. 

Aspasla, sd,f.,'Ao-rraala (The wel- 
come one, or The glad one). Aspasia; 
a female friend of Socrates, afterwards 
wife of Pericles. 

aspecta-bllis (adsp-), e, adj. 
[aspect(a)-o] That may be seen, visible: 

aspec-to (adsp-), tavi, tatum, 
tare, 1. v. a. intens. [aspic-io, through 
true rootASPEC] I. Prop.: To look 
at attentively, with esteem, admiration, 
longing, etc.: stabula aspectans regnis 
excessit avitis, and looking back upon 
(with regret) , etc. , Virg. II. M e t o n. : 

A. With things as objects : To observe, 
pay attention to : jussa principis, Tac — 

B. Of locality : To look towards, i.e. to 
be situate by the side of, to lie towards: 
collis, qui adversas aspectat desuper 
arces, Virg. 

1. aspec-tus (adsp-), a, um, P. of 
aspic-io, through id. 

2. aspec-tus (adsp-), us, m. 
(Dal. Sing, aspectu, Virg.) [aspic-io, 
through id.] I. Act.: A. Prop.: 
A seeing, looking at; a glance, look: 
Cic; Virg.; Tac. B. Meton.: The 
faculty or sense of seeing, sight: Cic; 
Virg. II. Pass.: A. Prop.: Visibility, 
appearance: PI. B. Meton.: 1. Of 
things: Appearance, look, etc.: Cic; 
Tac— 2. Of persons or animals: .4s- 
pect, mien, countenance : Nep.; PL — 3. 
Form, shape, figure, etc : PL f Hence, 
Fr. aspect. 

as-pello (abs»), no per f. nor sup.. 
6re, 3. v. a. [for abs-pello] To drive 
awav : I. Pro p. : me ab hac, Tor. : 
(without Object) ille, qui aspellifc, is 
compellit, Plaut. II. Fig.: mihi 
metum, Plaut. 

Aspen dos, i, /., "Acr-n-erSo?. A- 
spendos ; a town of Pamphylia (now 
Minugat). — Hence, Aspend-ius, a, 
um, adj. Of Aspen dos. — As Subst.: 
Aspendii, orum, m. (sc cives) The 
inhabitants of AspendoSo 



asper, era, Srura, adj. (aspris= j 
aaperis, Virg.) [etym. dub.] I. P r o p. : 
Of touch: A. Gen.: Rough, uneven : 
loci, Cic: (with Supine in u) aspera 
fcactu, Luc^—As Subst.: asperum, i, 
n. A rough, uneven place: Suet. B. 
Bsp.: 1. Of raised work, bas-relief, 
etc. : Bough, aspera signis Pocula, 
Virg.— 2. Of money: Bough to the 
touch; i.e. not worn, new: Suet. — 3. 
Of the sea : Rough, with a rough sur- 
face; i.e. rugged, roused by a storm, 
tempestuous: Liv.— As Subst. : asper- 
um, i, n. Tempestuous condition, stormy 
state: Tac— 4. Of things that have a 
rough, thorny, prickly exterior : barba, 
Tib.: sentes, Virg. II. Meton.: A. 
Of taste : Harsh, rough, sour, bitter, 
acrid, pungent: vinum, Ter. : sapor, 
PL— B. Of sound: 1. Gen..- Rough, 
harsh, grating, etc.: (pronunciationis 
genus) lene, asperum, Oic. — 2. Esp.: 
Of compositions, etc.: Irregular, rough, 
rugged: Sen.; Quint.— C. Of smell : 
Sharp, pungent: PI. — D. Of climate, 
etc. Rugged, inclement: hiems, Ov. — 
As Subst.: asperrimum, i, w. A 
mo it inclement season, etc.: asperrimo 
hiemisTicinum usque progressus, Tac. 
III. F i g. : A, Of the moral qualities : 
Rough, harsh, hard, bitter, violent, 
unkind, cruel: 1. a. Of persons, dis- 
positions, etc.: juvenis monitoi'ibus 
asper, Hor.: (Sup.) asperrimi ad con- 
ditionem pacis, Liv. — b. Of a view of 
life, manner of living, etc.: (Comp.) 
doctrina (sc.Stoicorum)paullo asperior 
et durior, Cic: (Sup.) studiis asperri- 
ma belli, Virg. — 2. Of animals : Wild, 
savage, fierce, dangerous: tigris, Hor. 
— B.: 1, Of things, events, or circum- 
stances : Critical, adverse, calamitous, 
troublesome, cruel, perilous, etc.: in 
periculis et asperis temporibus, Cic. — 
As Subst.: aspera, orum, n. plur.: 
Adversities, calamities, etc. : Prop. ; 
Hor. — 2. Of language, etc. : Severe, 
abusive, taunting : verba, Ov.: facetiae, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. dpre. 
aspera-tus, a, um,P.of asper(a)-o. 
asper»e, adv. [asper] 1. Of soimd, 
etc. : Harshly, in a grating way, roughly ', 
etc.: Cic. — 2. Morally, etc.: Roughly, 
unkindly, liarshly, bitterly, etc. : ( Comp. ) 
asperius scribere, Cic: (Sup.) asper- 
rime ssevire, Veil. 

1. a-spergo (ad-), ersi, ersum, 
ergere, 3. v. a. [for ad-spargo] I.: A. 
Prop. : To scatter, cast, strew, throw, 
etc., on or upon: pecori virus, Virg. 
B. Fig.: 1. Gen.: To add to; to join, 
annex, affix, subjoin: hoc aspersi, ut 
scires, etc., Cic — 2. Bsp. : Of ,*i in- 
heritance : To set apart for, bequeath to, 
bestow upon: iEbutio sextulam asperg- 
it.Cic. II.: A.Prop. : l. Of solids: 
To scatter, cast, or throw about ; to strew, 
throve, cast here and there: hue tu 
jussos asperge sapores, Virg. — 2. Of 
liquids: To scatter or throw about; to 
sprinkle: aspersa temere pigmenta, 
Cic. B. Meton.: 1, To bestrew, 
sirew, etc: corpus exustimi adsperg- 
unt aliis carnibus, PI. — 2. To be- 
sprinkle, wet, moisten, bedeic, etc. : aram 
sanguine, Cic. C. Fig.: 1, To defile, 

spot, stain, bespatter, etc. : vitas splend- 
orem maculis, Cic — 2. To fill: aures 
gemitu, Val. Max. % Hence, Fr. 

2. asper g-o (adsp-), mis, /. [1. 
asperg-o] I. Prop.: A sprinkling be- 
sprinkling : Ov. II. Meton.: That 
which is sprinkled; drops, etc: arborei 
foetus aspergine easdis (by means of 
sprinkled blood) in atram Vertuntur 
faciem, Ov. 

asper-itas, atis, /. [asper] (The 
property or quality of the asper ; hence) 

I. Prop.,: Unevenness, roughness: 

A. Gen. : saxorum asperitates, Cic. 

B. E s p. : Of raised work or bas-relief : 
vasa in asperitatem excisa, PL II. 
Meton.: A. Of taste : Harshness, 
sharp?iess, acidity , tartness : PL — B. Of 
tone : Roughness, shrillness, harshness: 
Lucr. ; Tac. — C. Of weather, etc. : 
Ruggedness, roughness, inclemency : 
Tac. III. Fig.: A. Of moral quali- 
ties, etc.: 1. Roughness, severity, harsh- 
ness, fierceness: naturae, Cic: patris, 
Ov. — 2. Roughness, austerity, austere- 
nets of manner, life, etc. : Cic— 3. 
Rudeness of bearing: Hor. — B.: 1. Of; 
things, events, or circumstances : Ad- j 
versity, reverse of fortune ; severity, j 
difficulty: Sail.; Cic — 2. Of pungent \ 
severity, vehemence, violeme, harshness 
of style : Cic. ; Ov. f Hence, Fr. 

asperna-ns, ntis, P. of aspern- 

asperna-tio, on is, /. [aspern(a)~ 
or] A despising, contemning, contempt, 
disdain: Cic; Sen. 

a-spernor, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [for ab-spemor] (To spurn from 
one's self; to cast off a person or thing ; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To dis- 
dain, reject, despise: nemo bonus est 
qui vos non oculis fugiat, auribus re- 
spuat, animo aspernetur, Cic. B. 
Esp,: To reject or 7 , emove something 
from something pertaining to one's 
self: furorem alicujus atque crudeli- 
tatem a suis aris atque templis, Cic. 

II. Fig.: To deny, etc.: patriam, Cic. 
UW Pass.: regem ab omnibus a- 
spernari, Hirt. 

asper-o, avi, a-tum, are, 1. v. a. 
[asper] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To make 
rough ox uneven : glacialis hiems aquil- 
onibus asperat undas, Virg. B. Esp.: 
Of weapons, etc.: 1. To furnish with a 
rough point, edge, etc: sagittas ossibus 
asperant, Tac. — 2. To whet, sharpen : 
pugionem vetustate obtusum asperari 
saxo jussit, Tac. II. Fig.: To make 
fierce, rouse up excite, etc.: ne lenire, 
neve asperare crimina videretur, to 
make more severe or sharp, Tac. 

asper-slo (ads-), onis, /. [for 
asperg-sio; fr. asperg-o] I. Prop.: 
A sprinkling, esp. of water on a per- 
son or thing for the purpose of religi- 
ous purification : Cic. II. Meton. : 
Of colours: The laying on: Cic. «f 
Hence, Fr. aspersion. 

asper-sus (ads-) (for asperg-sus), 
a, urn, P. of asperg-o. 

a-splclo (ad-), exi, ectum,Icere 
(aspexit = aspexerit, Plaut.), 3. v. a. 

and n. [for ad-specio] L : A. Act.* 

I . P r o p. : a. G e n. : To look i/pon ot 
at; to behold, see, etc.: aspicis me 
iratus, Cic: (with Ace. of person and 
Ace. ofthing) aspice nos hoc tantum, 
as to this, or in this matter, only, Virg. 
— Particular phrase: Lumen a- 
spicere, To behold the light (of the 
world); to live: Cic — b. Esp.: (a) 
With the accessory notion of purpose: 
To look upon something in order to 
consider or examine it; to consider, 
survey, inspect: opus admirabile, Ov. 
— (b) To look boldly in the face; to meet 
one's glance: quos nemo Boeotiorum 
ausus fuit aspicere in acie, Nep. — 2. 
Fig.: a. G e n. : To behold : orationis 
vim, Cic. — b. Esp. : (a) (a) To look 
upon something witli the mind, i. e. to 
reflect upon, weigh, consider, ponder 
(freq. in the Imper.: aspice, see, be- 
hold, reflect upon, etc.): aspice, ait, 
Perseu, nostra? primordia gentis, Ov. 
— (/3) To take into consideration, to have 
in view : si genus aspicitur, Saturnuw 
prima parentem Feci, Ov. — (b) HI 
look upon with respect or admiration : 
aliquem, Nep. — 3. Meton.: Of local- 
ity : To lie in the direction of or towards; 
to face, etc. : Hiberniam, Tac — B. 
Neut.: To look, turn one's eye, etc, or 
glance, to, towards, or at a person, 
place, etc. ; to look somewhere : f urtim 
nonnunquam inter se aspiciebant, Cic. 

II. To obtain a view of, descry, see, etc.: 
equum alacrem, Cic— Particular 
phrase: Lucem aspicere, To behold 
the light of the world, to be born : Cic. 

aspira-tio (ads-), onis,/. [aspir- 
(a)-o] 1. A breathing or blowing upon 
something : animantes aspiratione 
aeris sustinentur, i. e. by the air blow- 
ing upon them, Cic— 2. A use of the 
rough breathing; the rough breathing; 
the aspirate: Cic—3. (Prop.: Breath- 
ing; Meton.) a. Exhalation, evapora- 
tion: Cic — b. Emanation, influence^ 
etc: Cic. f Hence, Fr. aspiration. 

a-spiro (ad-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. n. and a. I. : [for ad-spiro] A. 
Neut. : 1. : a. Prop. : To breathe or 
bloio to or towards: ad quoe (sc. gran- 
aria) nulla aura aspiret, Var. — b. 
Meton. : To approach or draw near: 
aspicere aut aspirare, Cic— c. Fig.: 
(a) To approach, draw near: ad aii- 
enam causam, Cic— (b) To seek to 
draw near or aspire to : ad earn laud- 
em, Cic— 2.: a., Prop. : (a) Gen.: 
To breathe or blow upon: ne ad eum 
frigus aspiret, Cels,— (b) Esp.: To 
breathe strongly upon; to aspirate: con- 
sonantibus, Quint. — b. Fig.: To be 
favourable ; to assist: labori, Virg. — 3, 
To breathe or blow: aurae in noctem, 
towards the approach of night, Virg. 
B. Act.: 1. Prop.: To breathe or blow 
something upon a person, etc.: ventos 
aspirat (sc. Juno) eimti, Virg, — 2« 
Fig.: To infuse or instil into; to im- 
part unto: dictis di vinum amorem, 
Virg. II. [for ab-spiro] To breathe 
out or forth ; to exhale : pulmones se 
contrahuait aspirantes, Cic. f Hence, 
Fr. aspirer. 

aspis, Mis,/. (Ace. Sing. Gr. aspida f 



lAm.-~-Aee.Plur. Gr. aspidas, Cic.) = 
acmCs. A viper, adder: Cic. *f Hence, 
Fr, aspic. 

asporta«tSx>, onis,/. [asport(a)-o] 
A carrying or taking away : Cic 

as»porto (abs«) , avi, atum, are, 1, 
v. a. [for abs-porto] I. Of things as 
objects : To carry or bear away : sim- 
ulacrum e signo Cereris, Cic. XL Of 
persons as objects : To carry off, con- 
vey away, transport, etc. : virginem, 
Plaut. : (with second Ace. of further 
definition) comitem asportare Creiis- 
am, Virg. 

aspr-§tum, i, n. [asper, aspr-i ; 
cf. asper init.} {A thing provided with 
that which is asper ; hence) An uneven, 
rough place: Liv. 

Assaracusj i, m., 'Ao-cmpa/co?. 
Assaracus; a Icing of Phrygia, son of 
Tros, brother of Ganymede and Ilus, 
father of Capys, and grandfather of 

assec"la (ads-, «iila), se, m. 
[=assequ-la; fr. assequ-or] (One who 
follows another ; hence, in a bad sense) 
A sycophant, hanger-on, etc. : Cic. 

asseeta-tlo (ads-), onis,/. [assec- 
t(a)-or] I. Prop.: Attendance of 
friends on a candidate, of clients on a 
patron, etc. : Cic. II. Fig. : Careful 
study, observation, etc. : PI. 

assecta-tor (ads-), oris, m. [id.] 
1» P ro p. : Tie who attends on a person, 
as Mend, client, etc., an attendant, 
etc. : Cic. II, F i g. : Of persons : A. 
A follower, cultivator, etc. : sapientiae, 
PI.— B. A disciple, etc.: Gell. 

as»sector (ad-), atus sum, ari, 

I. v. dep. : I. : [for ad-sector] A. 
Prop,: To follow, or attend, much or 
frequently ; to accompany, be in attend- 
ance on a candidate for office or a per- 
son in gen.: aliquem, Cic. B. Fig. : 
To pay attention to, court, etc. : omnibus 
officiis Pompeiurn assectatus est, Suet. 

II. [ = assequ-tor ; freq. of assequ-or] 
To gain, obtain, get: celebritatem, PI. 

assScTi-e (ads-), adv. [assequor, 
through an obsol. adj. assecu-us, " foll- 
owing"] Of time : Immediately, forth- 
with : Plaut. 

asseeiila (ads-), ce, v. assecla. 

assen^slo (ads-), onis, /. [for 
assent-sio; fr. assent-io] I. Gen.: An 
assenting to a thing, assent ; approval : 
Cic. II, Esp.: A. An assent to, or 
belief in, the reality of sensible appear- 
ances : Cic. — B, Assent expressed 
visibly or audibly ; approbation, com- 
mendation ; a token or mark of ap- 
proval: Cic. 

assessor (ads-), oris, m. [for 
assent-sor ; fr. assent-io] Om who 
assents or agrees to any thing ; an 
assenter: Cic. 

1. assen-sus (ads-) (for assent- 
bus), a, um, P. of assent-io and assent- 

2. assen»siis (ads-), us, m. [for 
assent-sus; fr. assent-io] I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: An assenting; assent, agree- 
ment, approval: Cic. B. Esp.: 1„ An 
assent to, or belief in, the reality of 
sensible appearances : Cic. — 2, Assent 
expressed visibly or audibly : approb- 


ation, commendation; a token or mark 
of approval : Tac. ; Ov. ; Liv. II. 
Mcton. : Of sound: Reverberation, 
echo : Virg. 

assenta-tXo (ads»), onis,/. [as- 
sent(a)-or] 1. In a bad sense : Assent 
arising from interested, etc., motives; 
flattering assent, flattery, adulation: 
Cic. — 2. In a good sense : Approval, 
approbation : Petr. 

assentatJLun-ciila (ads-), sb, /. 
dim. [for assentation-cula ; fr. assent- 
atio, assentation-is] Paltry ox trivial 
flattery: Cic. 

assenta-tor (ads-), oris, m. [as- 
sent(a)-or] One who assents flattering- 
ly ; a flatterer j Cic; Hor. 

assentatorl-e (ads-), adv. [as- 
sentator, through an obsol. adj. assent- 
atori-us, "pertaining to a flatterer"] 
In a flattering manner: Cic. 

assenta=trix (ads-), icis, /. [as- 
sent(a)-or] A female flatterer : Plaut. 

as-sentlo (ad»), si, sum, tire, 4. 
v. n. [for ad-sentio] (To think, etc., in 
accordance with some one ; hence) To 
assent, give assent, approve, etc.: as- 
sentio tibi, ut in Formiano commorer, 
Cic. f Hence, Fr. assentir. 

as»S82itIor (ad-), sus sum, tiri, 
4. v. dep. [deponent form of as-sentio] 

I. Neut. : To assent, give assent, approve: 
si assentiri necesse esset, Suet. : (Im- 
pers. Pass.) Bibulo assensum est, Cic, 

II. Part. Pass.: Assented or agreed to; 
held as true: multa sequitur (sc. sap- 
iens) ptobabilia non comprehensa, 
neque percepta, neque assensa, Cic. 

assen«tor (ads-), atus sum, ari, 

1. v. dep. intens. [for assent- tor; fr. 
assent-io] I. Gen. : To assent fully; 
to give full ov entire assent: adsentante 
majore convivarum parte, Just. II. 
Esp.: To give assent from interested, 
etc. , motives ; to flatter, etc. : A. P r o p. : 
ut nihil nobis assentati esse videamur, 
Cic. B. F i g. : Baise tibi assentantur, 
i. e. Baioe by its sanative poicers en- 
deavours to ingratiate itself into your 
favour, Cic. 

as-seqnor (ad«), qimtus or cutus 
sum, qui, 3. v. dep. [for ad-sequor] I. 
To follow, pursue: assequere ac retine, 
Ter. II.: A. Prop.: (To follow up 
to ; hence) To overtake or come up with 
a person or thing : quum cris me 
assccutus, Cic. B. Fig. : 1. To gain, 
obtain : eosdem honoris gradus, Cic. — 

2. (To come up to the quality of some 
person or thing ; hence) a. Of persons : 
To become like, to equal, etc.: aliquem, 
Cic. — b. Of things : To attain to : 
merita, Cic. — 3„ (To come up to a 
thing with the mind ; hence) To 
arrive at, comprehend, understand : 
apertis obscura assequi, Cic. 

asser, eris, m. [etym. dub.] 1. A 
pale, stake, post: Cass. — 2. A pole on 
which a litter was borne: Suet. — 3. A 
beam with an iron head {used by the 
besieged for assailing the besiegers' mach- 
ines) : Tac. f Hence, Fr. (old) asser. 

1. as-sero (ad-), evi, Itum, erere, 
8. v. a. [for ad-sero (1. sero)] To sow, 
plant, set near or by something : pop- 
ulus assita ccrtis Limitibus, Hor. I 

2. as^seYo (ad-), ui, turn, ere, 3. 

v. a. [for ad-sero (2. sero)] (To bind % 
join, fasten to or on to one's self, etc.; 
hence) I.: A. Prop.: To lay hold of, 
lay something on a person or thing : 
Law t. t. : 1. Asserere manura (or 
aliquem) in libertatem, aliquem manu 
liberal! causa or aliquem (ab aliquo) 
manu, also, simply asserere, To lay the 
hand on a slave for liberty, etc.; tha 
foregoing are various forms of ex- 
pression signifying, To declare a slave 
free; to set free, liberate: Var.; Suet.; 
Tor.; Plaut.; Cic— 2. Asserere ali- 
quem in servitutem, i. e. To declare 
one to be a slave by laying the hand 
upon him, to claim as a slave : Liv. — 3. 
Asserere in ingenuitatem, To make 
one an ingenuus, to put one in the 
position of one freeborn: Suet. B. 
F i g. : To liberate, protect, defend, defend 
against: asserui jam me, rupique 
catenas, Ov. II. To appropriate, claim, 
lay claim to, etc.: nee laudes assere 
nostras, Ov. III. To relate, affirm, 
declare, assert strongly : Colchidos f ur- 
orem, Mart. 

asser-tio (ads=), 5nis,/. [2. asser- 
o] A judicial or formal declaration 
that one is a freeman or a slave: per- 
fusorias assertiones, unauthorised de- 
clarations of freedom, Suet, f Hence, 
Fr. assertion. 

asser-tor (ads-), 5ris, m. [id. J 
1.: a. An assertor, restorer of liberty: 
Suet. — b. He who claims or declares one 
to be a slave : puellae, Liv. — 2. A freer, 
protector, vindicator, deliverer, advocate. 
Ov. ; Suet, f Hence, Fr. asserteur. 

asser-tus (ads-), a, um, P. of 2« 

as-servio (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup., Ire, 4. v. n. [for ad-servio] To do 
or render a service to; to aid, assist, 
etc : contentioni vocis, Cic. , 

as^servo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a._ [for ad-servo] I. To keep very 
much, i. e. with great care; to presei^ve, 
protect, defend: ut domi mea3 te as- 
servarem rogasti, Cic II. : A. To 
keep, preserve, or lay up carefully: 
quum Appii tabulae negligentius as- 
servatge dicerentur, Cic. — B. To keep 
carefully in custody ; to keep guard or 
watch over, guard, etc. : imperat, 
hominem ut asservent, Cic. III. To 
tvai-ch or observe much or greatly; to 
keep attentive watch upon or over: 
exitus, Caes. 

asses -sio (ads-), onis, /. [ifor 
assed-sio ; fr. assid-eo, through true 
root assejo] A sitting by or near a 
person, as a friend, in order to console, 
etc.: Cic. 

asses-sor (ads-), m. [for assed. 
sor ; fr. assid-eo, through id.] 1. He 
who sits by a person, as a friend, etc.; 
an assistant, etc.: Cic — 2. Law f. i.: 
One who sits by or near a judge or 
magistrate; a judge's or magistrate's 
assistant; an assessor : Suet. % Hence, 
Fr. assesseur. 

1. asses-sus(ads-) (foraased-sus), 
\, um, P. of assid-eo, through id. 

2. asses-sus (ads-), us, m. [for 
ifesed-sus ; fr. assid-eo, through id.) 



A sitting by or near one : assessu meo, 
i. <?. near me, Prop. 

assSvera-ns, ntis, P. of assev- 

asseveran-ter (ads-), adv. [for 
asseverant-ter ; fr. asseverans, assev- 
©rant-is] Earnestly, strongly, emphatic- 
ally: Cic_: (Comp.) asseverantius, id. 

assevera^tlo (ads-), onis,/. [as- 
eever(a)-o] 1« A doing with much 
earnestness; earnestness, perseverance, 
etc.: Tac. — 2. : a. Prop.: An earnest 
assertion; an affirmation, asseveration: 
Cic. — b. Me ton. : G-ramm. t. t.\ An 
affirmative, a word of affirmation : 

assevera-tus, a, urn, P. of as- 

as-sever-o (ad-), avi, atum, are, 

1. v. a. [for ad-sever-o ; fr. ad ; sever- 
ns] I. To do something with much 
earnestness or seriousness; to pursue 
earnestly: utrum asseveratur in hoc, 
efc.jCic. II.: A. Prop.: Of persons : 
To state earnestly; to affirm strongly; 
to maintain, assert, etc.: unum illud, 
Cic. : (with Objective clause) se ab 
Oppianico destitutum, id.: (folld. by 
/ore ut) constantissime asseveravit, 
fere ut, etc., Suet. B. Pig.: 1. Of 
things : To make known, demonstrate, 
show, prove, etc.: asseverant magni 
artiis Germanicam originern, Tac. — 

2. Of persons in respect to conduct : 
To maintain, assume, exhibit, etc.: 
gravitatem, Tac. % Hence, Fr. (old) 

as-sldeo (ads-), sedi, sessum, 
sidere, 2. v. n. and a. [for ad-sedeo] I, 
A. Prop.: 1. Gen. : To sit by or near 
a person or thing : apud car bones 
assident! semper calent, Plant. — 2. 
Esp. : a. To sit near one, etc., as 
an attendant, friend, protector, etc.: 
hujus periculo commoti, huic assident, 
Cic— b. Law t. t.: To sit by or near 
a judge ox magistrate ; i. e. to be an 
assessor, assistant, etc.: Tac. — c. Of 
a sick person, etc. : To sit near or 
by; to tend, attend, watch, tcait upon, 
etc.: ssgrse, Ov.: habes qui Assideat, 
Hor. B. Fig.: To be near, i. e. to re- 
semble or be like a person in character : 
insano, Hor. II. To sit, sit down : as- 
sidens et attente audiens, Cic. III. : 

A. Prop.: To sit down, i.e. to con- 
tinue or remain constantly in a place : 
in Tiburti, Cic. B. Pig.: To sit 
down to a thing ; i. e. to be continually 
engaged in or about thing : Uteris, 
PL IV. To sit down or station one's 
self, at or before a place ; to encamp 
before or over against; to invest, besiege, 
blockade, etc.: A. Neut.: muris, Li v. 
— B. Act. : muros assidet hostis, 

as-sido (ad»), sedi, no sup., sidere, 
3. v. n . [for ad-sido] I. : A. Of persons : 
1, Gen.: To take one's seat on or upon 
something ; to sit down : assidamus, si 
videtur, Cic. — 2. Esp.: Of an orator 
who has concluded his speech : To sit 
down, resume one's seat: peroravit ali- 
qaando, assedit : surrexi ego, Cic— 

B. Of birds: To settle, perch, alight, 
etc.: aquila in culmine domus asaed- 


it, Suet. II. To take one's seat or sit 
down beside or near : Hiempsal dextra 
Adherbalem assedit, Sail. % Hence, 
Fr. (s') asseoir. 

assldu-e (ads-), adv. [2. assidu- 
us] Continually, constantly, uninter- 
ruptedly, without inter'mission: assidue 
veniebat, Virg.: (Sup.) assiduissime, 

assldii-ltas (ads»),atis,/. [id.] 1. 
(The quality or state of the assiduus ; 
hence) Constant attendance upon cand- 
idates for office or other persons in 
order to serve, etc.: Cic. — 2.: a. Of 
persons : Continual or constant pre- 
sence : assiduitatis f astidium, Suet. — b. 
Of things : Continuance, constancy, 
invar iablene&s ; also, a frequent recur- 
rence or repetition of any thing : epi- 
stoiarum, i.e. uninterrupted epistolary 
correspondence: Cic. ^ Hence, Fr. 

assldii-o (ads-), adv. [id.] Con- 
stantly, continually, etc.: Plaut. 

1. ass-I°d"U\is, i, m. [as, ass-is; 
(i); d-o] (One giving an as; an as- 
giver ; hence) I. Prop. : A person 
rated for, or liable to, taxation; a rate- 
payer, etc. (a name applied by Servius 
Tullius to the citizens of the upper 
and wealthier classes, in opp. to prol- 
etarius, a term used of the lower and 
poorer classes, who benefit the state 
only by their progeny —proles) : Cic. 
II. Met on.: A rich or wealthy per- 
son: Plaut. 

2. assld-iiiis (ads-), a, urn, adj. 
[assid-eo] 1. (Sitting near one, etc. ; 
hence) Accompanying or attending upon 
one ; in constant attendance, etc.: Of 
friends or parasites : cives, Plaut. — 2.: 
a. Prop. : Sitting down; i. e. continu- 
ing or remaining constantly, some- 
where ; constantly residing, continu- 
ally present, etc.: qui suos liberos 
agricolas assiduos esse cupiunt, Cic: 
( Comp.) ita sunt assiduiores (sc. canes) , 
/. e. keep more to the house, Yar. — b. 
Fig.: With reference to time : Con- 
tinual, perpetual, constant, unceasing, 
unremitting , etc.: flagitator, Cic:cura, 
Liv.: (Sup.) assiduissimus usus, Suet. 
^[ Hence, Fr. assidu. 

assigna«tIo (ads-), onis, /. [as- 
sign(a)-o] Of lands: An assigning ov 
allotting: Cic. «[[ Hence, Fr. assign- 

as=signo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
l.v.a. [for ad-signo] I.: A. Prop.: 
(To mark or mark out something for 
the purpose of assignment or bestow- 
al ; hence) 1. Polit. t. t.\ of the 
distribution of lands : To allot, assign, 
award: agrum, Liv. — 2. To assign; 
to bestow or grant: mini ex agro tuo 
tantum assignes, quantum, etc., Cic. 
B. Fig.: 1. To allot, assign, etc.: 
apparitores, Cic. — 2. To commit, en- 
trust, cojisign to one's charge, etc.: 
quibus regina Juno erat assignata, 
Liv. — 3. To ascribe, attribute, impute: 
me culpam forbunee adsignare, that I 
am laying to his door the fault of for- 
tune, Cic II.: A. Pro-p.: To seal, 
to attach or affix a seal to: tabellas, 
Pers. B. Fig,: To impjxss upon, 

etc.: verbum in clausula positum a&> 
signatur auditori, Quint. % Hence, 
Fr. assigner. 

as»snio (ad-), silui, sultnrn, sflire,, 
4. v.n. [for ad-salio] I. To leap of 
spring upon: A. Prop.: mcenibu? 
urbis, Ov. B. Fig.: Of things - 
tactus assilientis aquaa, Ov. H. To 
leap or spring: Fig.: ad aliud genus 
orationis, Cic. ^f Hence, Fr. assaillir. 

asslimlatlo (ads-), onis, v. as- 

as-simllis (ad-), e, adj. [for ad- 
similis] Like, similar: ratio, Lucr.: 
(with Gen.) quidassimile hujus facti ? 
Plaut.: (with Dat.) spongiis, Cic 

asslmll-lter (ads-), adv. [as- 
simil-isl In like manner, similarly; 

asslmula-tlo (ads-, assimi-), 
onis, /. [assimul(a)-o] 1. A being 
similar, similarity: PI. — 2. A coun- 
terfeiting or feigning ; i.e. a pretended 
fear of the opinion of one's hearers: 
Auct. Her. ^J Hence, Fr. assimilation. 

assimula-tus (ads-), a, um : 1. 
/'. of assimul(a)-o. — 2. Pa.: a. Sim- 
ilar, like, resembling: literas lituree- 
que omnes assimulatas. Cic. — b. 
Feigned, pretended, fictitious: virtus, 

as-slmillo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. [for ad-simulo] I. (To make 
like to ; hence) A. To compare, liken : 
adsimilandanatura, Cic. — B. To copy, 
imitate, etc.: os longras illi Assimulat 
porcum, Claud. — C. Pass.: To become 
assimilated or like; to resemble, etc., in 
nature, etc. : ut totis animalibus adsim- 
ulentur, Lucr. II.: A. To counter- 
feit; to assume the appearance ox form 
of: anum, Ov.: clypeumque, jubasque 
Divini assimulat capitis, Virg.— B. 
To counterfeit, feign, pretend: bene 
nuptias, Tew— C. With Ace of Per- 
sonal pron.: To liken one's self, i. e. to 
feign one's self, or pretend to be some 
one or in some particular condition : 
(with second Ace. of further definition) 
paternum arnicum me assimulabo 
virginis, Ter. «f Hence, Fr. assimiler, 

assis, is, v. axis. 

as-sisto (ad-), tfti, no sup., sis- 
tere, 3. v. n. [for ad-sisto] I.: A, 
Prop. : 1. Gen. : To stand, at, by, or 
near: umbra cruenta Remi visa est 
assistere lecto, Ov. — 2. Esp..' To 
present one's self, etc., at; to appear 
before: consulum tribunalibus as- 
sistere, Tac. B. Fig.: To stand by 
one as counsel before a tribunal : to 
support, defend, assist* aid one, etc.". 
alicui, PI. II.: A. Gen.: 1, Of 
living subjects : To take one's stand ; 
to station or post one's self; to stand: 
Laertius heros Astitit, i. e. stood up or 
rose in order to address the assembled 
chiefs, Ov. : ad fores, Cic— 2. Of things 
as subjects : To stand : ita jacere 
talum, ut rectus assistat, stand erect, 
Cic. B. Esp.: Milit. t.L: To take 
post, draw up, be drawn up, etc.: 
campis, Tac. % Hence, Fr. agister. 

assi-tus (ads-) (for asser-tus), a, 
um, P. of 1. asser-o. 

as-sSlgo (ad-), no perf. nor sup,? 



ere (only in 3rd person Sing, and 
Plur.), 2. v. n. [for ad-toleo] I. Per- 
sonal : To be accustomed, wont, or usual: 
deinde quae assolent, Cic : tanta pec- 
unia, quanta adsolerent (sc. fieri), 
facienclos Gsc. ludos),Liv. II. Impers.: 
Prps. only in the expression, Ut asso- 
let, As is customary, wont, usual : Cic. ; 

as-sono (ad=0, no per/, nor sup., 
are, l.v.n. [for ad-sono] To resound 
to or in return to: plangentibus as- 
sonat Echo, Ov. 

Assorum, i, n.,*A<rcroopo<;. Assor- 
um; a city of Sicily (now Asero). — 
Hence, Assor-Ini, orum, m. The peo- 
ple of Assorum. 

as-siida-sso (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup., ere, 3. v. n. [for ad-suda-sso ; £r. 
ad; sud(a)-o] To perspire profusely: 

assile-facio (ads-), (quinquesyll. 
in poet.), feci, factum, facere, 3. v. a. 
[assue-sco; facio] To male e accustomed ; 
to accustom, habituate, etc. : quorum 
sermone assuefacti qui erunt, Cic: 
ceteras (sc. nationes) imperio populi 
Romani parere assuefecit, id. 

as-siiesco (ad») (trisyll. in 
poet.), evi, etum, escere, 3. v. a. and 
n. [for ad-suesco] I.: A. Act. : To ac- 
custom ox habituate to : ne tanta animis 
assuescite bella (by Hypallage for 
tantis animos bellis),Virg. — B. Nent.: 
To become accustomed or habituated to ; 
to accustom one's self to : fremitum voce 
vincere, Cic. : (Impers. Pass.) cui as- 
suescitur, one becomes accustomed, Liv. 
II. : A. Pass. : To be accustomed or 
habituated: homines labore assiduo et 
quotidiano assueti, Cic. : (with Gen.) 
Romanis Gallici tumultus assuetis, 
Liv. — B. Neut.: To become accustomed 
or habituated; to accustom one's self, 
etc.: sic enim assuevi, Cic. 

assfte-tiido (ads-) (quadrisyll. 
in poet.), mis, f. [for assuet-tudo ; fr. 
assuet-us] (The qualify, etc., of the 
assnetus ; hence) Custom, habit: Liv. 

assue«tus (ads-) (mostly trisyll. 
in poet.), a, urn : 1. P. of assue-sco. — 
2. Pa.'. Accustomed, customary, usual: 
ars, Ov. 

as^sngo (ad-), prps. no -perf., 
•itum, gore, 3. v. a. [for ad-sugo] To 
suck : assuetis labris, Lucr. 

ass-tLla, as, /. dim. [ass-is] (Prop. : 
A small board or plank; Meton.) A 
chip, fragment, splinter, etc., of wood, 
marble, etc. : Plaut. 

assula-tim, adv. [assula (uncontr. 
Gen.) assula-i] In splinters or frag- 
ments: Plant. 

as-sulto (ad-), avi, atum, are, 1. 
9. n. intens. [for ad-salto] I. To bound, 
leap, or spring repeatedly or violently 
to or toioards an object : adsultare ex 
diverso Teridates, Tac. II. : A. G e n. : 
To bound, leap, or spring impetuously 
upon: jam cernes Libycum huic vallo 
adsultare leonem, Sil. B. Bsp. : To 
bound, etc., upon in order to attack; 
to make an attack or assault upon : Of 
persons or things : (with Ace. de- 
pendent on prep, in verb) latera et 
frbntem, Tac: (Impers. Pass.) assulb- 

atum est castris, id. III. To bound, 
leap, or spring about eagerly, etc. : 
feminge pellibus cinctas adsultabant, 
Tac. f Hence, Fr. (old) assaulter. 

assul^tus (ads=),us,m.[for assult- 
tus : fr. assult-o] 1. A bounding, 
leaping, or springing repeatedly towards 
an object; a forward bound, etc.: Tac. 
— 2. An attack, assault: Virg. f 
Hence, Fr. assaut. 

1. as-suxn (ad™), affiSi (adf-), ad- 
esse (Pres. Subj. assiem, etc., Tor.: — 
Imperf. Subj. afforem, ate., Virg.: — Inf. 
Fui. affore, Cass.; Cic; Virg.) [for ad- 
sum] I. With the idea of rest : A. 
Pro p. : 1. G-en. : a. Of living sub- 
jects or things personified : To be at, 
near, or by a person or place ; to be 
present, etc. ; coram adesse, Cic. : sen- 
atui, Tac. — fa. Of things as subjects : 
To be present; to be at hand ; to arrive: 
vesper, Cat. — 2, Esp. : a. To be pre- 
sent for the purpose of assisting; to 
aid or assist ; to stand by, support, de- 
fend, maintain, etc.: adsis, 01 Tegeeee, 
favens, Virg. : in causa, Cic. — b. To 
be present as a witness : testis adesto, 
Ov. B. Fig. : Adesse animo or an- 
imis: 1. To be present in mind with 
attention, interest, sympathy, etc.; to 
give attention to something ; to per- 
ceive: Cic — 2. To be present with cour- 
age ; to be fearless, of good courage, 
etc. : Cic. II. With the idea of mo- 
tion : A. To come, appear, approach, 
etc. : hue ades, o formose puer, Virg. : 
ex Africa, Cic — B. Law t.t. : To appear 
or make one's appearance before a 
tribunal, etc. : quuni eos adesse jus- 
sisti, Cic. 

2. assum, i, v. assus. 
as-sumo (ad-) psi, ptmn, ere, 3. 

v. a. [for ad-sumo] I.: A. Prop.: 1. 
Gen. : To take to one's self, etc.; to 
receive, take : ut id sibi assumat, Cic : 
socius et administer omnium consili- 
orum assumitur Scaurus, Sail. — 2. 
Esp.: To take a person to one's self or 
family; to adopt: aliquem in famili- 
am, Tac. B. Fig.: 1, To take to one's 
self, etc ; to take, etc : voluptas as- 
sumenda est, Cic — 2. To usurp, as- 
sume, arrogate: mihi quidquam, Cic 
II.: A. Prop. : To take, receive, or 
obtain in addition : Butram tibi Septici- 
umque . . . assumam, Hor. B. Fig.: 
1. To take in addition; to add to: 
dicendi copiam, Cic — 2. Logical t.t.: 
To add or join to a syllogism the minor 
proposition ; to state the minor premiss 
of a syllogism: qnare assumi statim 
oportet, etc., Cic. — 3. Gramm. t.t.: 
Assumpta verba, Epithets: Cic. % 
Hence, Fr. assumer. 

assTUii=.(p)t*Q (ads».), onis, /. 
[assum-o] 1. A taking to one; ap- 
proval, acceptance, approbation, adop- 
tion : Cic — 2. Logical 1. t.: The minor 
proposition of a syllogism : Cic. \ 
Hence, Fr. assomption. 

assum»(p)tlvas (ads-), a, um, 
adj. [id.] (Taken in addition ; hence) 
Extraneous, extrinsic: pars causse, 
which has its defence from extraneous 
circumstances, Cic. 

as»suo (ad»), no perf. nor sup., 

ere, 3. v.a. [for ad-suo] To sew a thing 
on or upon something else : Hor. 

as-surgo (ad-), rexi, rectum, 
gere, 3. v. n. [for ad-surgo] I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: To rise up, lift one's self up, 
ete. : assurgite, Cic. : inde rnontes as 
surgunt, Liv. B. Esp.: 1. To rise 
from one's bed after sickness ; to 
recover: Liv. — 2. To rise up out of 
respect : quisquam in curiam venienti 
assurrexit? Cic: (Impers. Pass.) de- 
cedi, appeti, assurgi, deduci, etc., id.—- 
3. To mount or rise in height; to in- 
crease in size, tower up, etc. : septem 
assurgit in ulnas, Virg. — 4. Of the 
heavenly bodies, etc. : To rise up, rise, 
etc.: assurgens liuctu nimbosusArion, 
Virg. II. Fig. : A. To rise up to or 
for some purpose : querelisHaud justis 
"assurgis, i. e. break out into, Virg. — B, 
To yield the palm or concede the superi- 
ority: Tmolus et assurgit quibus,Virg. 
— C: 1. Of degree : To rise up, mount, 
tower up, etc.: assurgunt iras, Virg, — 
2„ Of courage : To rise up, mount, etc.: 
animoque assurgit Adrastus, Stat.— 3. 
In style, etc. : To rise, soar, etc.: raro 
assurgit Hesiodus, Quint. 

ass-ns, a, um, adj. [ass-o, lateLat., 
to roast] I. Prop.: Roasted: mergi, 
Hor. — As Subst.: assuni, i, n. A 
roast, roasted meat: vitulinum, roast 
veal, Cic. II. M e t o n. : Dry : sudatio, 
A vapour- or sweat-bath, Cels. : hoc 
monstrant vctulee pueris repentibus 
assse, Juv. — As Subst.: assa, orum, 
n. plur. (sc. loca) A sweating room 
(without bathing) : Cic. 

Assyria, sd,f.,'A<r(rvp(a. Assyria; 
a province of Asia (now Kurdistan). — 
Hence, Assyrl-us, a, um, adj. : 1. 
Prop.: Assyrian. — As Subst.: As- 
syrii, orum, m. The Assyrians. 2. 
Meton.: Median, Phrygian, Phoenici- 
an, Indian, etc. 

ast, conj. v. at. 

Asta, a3, /. Asia: 1. A town of 
Liguria (now Asii). — 2. A town of 
Hispcmia Bcetica,surna7ned llegta, and 
a Roman colony (now La Mesa de 
Asta).— Hence, Ast-ensis, e, adj. Of 
Asta. — As Subst.: Astenses, mm, m. 
(sc. cives) The Astensians. 

Astaoldcs, £e, m. The son of Ast- 
acus, i.e. Melanippus : Ov. 

Astarte, es,/., 'haraprri. Astarte,- 
the Syro- Phoenician goddess of the moon; 
ace to Cic, the same as the Cyprian 

AsterJa, a?, =e, es, /., 'AcrrepCn 
(One resembling a star). Aster ia or 
Asterie: 1. The daughter of Polus and 
Phcebe, mother of the Tyrian Hercules. 
2. Prop. : A daughter of the Titan 
Cotus, and sister of Latona, changed by 
the gods into a quail (bprviz), and sub- 
sequently by Jupiter into a stone, when 
she fell into the sea. — 3. The name of a 
female mentioned in Hor. 

a»sterno (ad»), no perf., stratum, 
sternere, 3. v. a. [for ad-sterno] T$ 
strew by or near; Pass, in reflexive 
force : To stretch one's self out near : 
astcrnunturque sepnlchro, Ov. 

ast^ptila-tor (ads-), oris..*», [a- 
stipul(a)-or] 1. (Prop.; Law t. t.: One 



who joins another in a contract, covenant, 
etc.; Meton.) An assistant in a trial, 
etc.: Cic. — 2. One who agrees, assents, 
etc., to: Cic. 

a-stlpiilor (ad-), atus sum, ari, 
1. v. dep. [for ad-stipulor] (Prop. : 
Law t. t. : To bargain or covenant in 
addition ; Fig.) To agree with, assent 
to, humour: irato consuli, Liv. 

a-stltiio (ad-), ui, utum, i^ere, 
8. v. a. {for ad-statuo] To set or place 
at, by, or near : reuni ad lectum ejus 
(sc. asgroti) astituernus, Auct. Her. 

astltu-tus, a, um, P. of astitu-o. 

a-sto (ad-), iti, itum, are, 1. v. n. 
[forad-sto] I,: A. Prop.: 1. Gen.: 
To stand at, by, or near a person or 
thing : quum Alexander in Sigeo ad 
Achillis tumulum astitit, Cic. : tribun- 
ali, Tac— 2. Esp.: To stand at one's 
side in order to assist, etc.; to counsel, 
aid, assist: Plaut. B. Fig. : To be 
close at hand: certa finis vitas mortali- 
bus astat, Lucr. II.: A. Prop.: To 
stand up or erect: squamis astantibus, 
Virg. B. F i g. : To exist, remain, be in 
existence: astante ope barbarica, Enn. 

Astrsea, 03, /., Warpaia (The 
starry one). Astrcea: I. Prop.: The 
goddess of Justice, icho, during the first 
ages, icandered about on the earth, but 
finally abandoned it, and returned to 
heaven. II. Meton.: As a constella- 
tion— Virgo. 

_ Astrseus, a, um, adj., 'Aorpouo? 
(id.). Of, or pertaining to, Astraius 
a Titan, the husband of Aurora, and 
father of the winds: fratres, t. e. the 
winds, Ov. 

a-strSpo (ad-), noperf. nor sup., 
gre, 3. v. n. and a. [for ad-strepo] I. : 
A. Neut.: 1. Of things: To roar, etc.: 
scopuliastrepunt, Sen. — 2. Of persons: 
To roar ox shout: diversis incitarnentis, 
Tac. — B. Act. : To shout out or vocifer- 
ate: eadem, Tac. n.: A. Gen.: To 
shout out to: surdas principis aures, 
PI. B. Esp.: To shout out to one in 
approbation, to applaud, etc.: ad- 
strepebat huic vulgus, Tac. 

astrict-e (ads-), ado. [astrict-us] 
Concisely, briefly, etc. : Cic. : (Comp.) 
astrictius, PI. 

astric-tus (ads-), a, um (for 
astri(n)g-tus): 1. P. of asti*i(n)g-o. 
—2, Pa.: a. (a) Prop.: Drawn to- 
gether, tight, close, etc. : limen, i. e. 
shut, Ov.— -(b) Fig.: Sparing, parsi- 
monious, niggard, close: pater, Prop. 
— b. Of style, etc. : Compact, brief, 
concise, limited, etc.: {Comp.) est fin- 
itimus oratori poeta, numeris astrict- 
ior paullo, Cic. 

astr-I-fer, era, erum, adj. [astr- 
um ; (i) ; fer-o] Carried or placed 
among the stars : Mart. 

a»stringo (ad-), inxi, ictum, 
ingere, 8. v. a. [for ad-stringo] I. To 
bind, tie, or fasten, to something : A. 
Prop.: mine astringite ad columnam 
fortiter, Plaut. B. Fig.: quibus (sc. 
voluptatibus) maxime astricti sunt, 
Cic. II.: A. Prop.: 1. Gen.: To 
draw, bind, or tie tight or together ; to 
tompress, etc.: man us, Plaut.: vincula 
motr., Ov.— 2. Esp.: Of the effects of 

cold, etc.: To bind hard or fast: ventis 
glacies astricta pependit, Ov. B. F i g. : 
1. To draw tight, etc. : pater nimis 
indulgens, quicquid ego astrinxi, re- 
laxat, Cic. — 2.: a. Gen.: To bind, tie, 
tie down, etc.: nulla necessitate as- 
trictus, Cic— b. Esp<: To tie one down 
in respect to something ; i. e. to con- 
vict, prove guilty of, etc. : ut ipsum sese 
et ilium furti astringeret, Plaut. : 
magno scelere se, Cic. — 3. To bind 
fast or close, etc. : affinitatem inter nos, 
Plaut. — 4. To confirm or strengthen : 
fidem, Cic. — 5. To circumscribe, pinch, 
reduce to straits, etc.: inops regio, quae 
parsimonia astringeret milites, Liv. — 
6. Of style or argument : To compress, 
condense, bring into small compass : 
argumenta, Cic. ^ Hence, Fr. astr- 

astrolSgla, se, f. = a<rrpoAoyta 
(Science of the stars ; hence) Astro- 
nomy : Cic. f Hence, Fr. astrologie. 

astrolSgUS, i, m. = acrrpoAdyos : 
1. An astronomer: Cic. — 2. An a- 
strologer : Cic. % Hence, Fr. astrologue. 

astrum, i, n.=aa-rpov. A star; a 
constellation; a lu minous celestial body : 
astra tenent cceleste solum, Ov. — To 
signify height: turris educta sub astra, 
Virg. — To signify heaven, and the im- 
mortality of glory connected with it; 
sic itur ad astra, Virg. — To signify 
the highest praise: Hortalus nostras 
laudes in astra sustulit, Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. astre. 

a-striio (ad-), xi, ctum, ere, 3. 
v. a. and n. [for acl-struo] I. (To heap 
ox pile upon; hence) A. Prop.: To 
cover, to cover over: contignationem 
laterculo, Cses. B. Fig.: To cover, 
overwhelm, etc.: aliquem falsis cri- 
minibus,Curt. II.: A. Prop.: Tobuild 
in addition: hre mihi causse utrique 
(sc. villaa) qua3 desunt adstruendi, PI. 
B. Fig.: 1.: a. Act.: To add: nobil- 
itatem ac decus, Tac. — b. Neut.: To 
make an addition, to add : adstruit 
auditis . . . pavor, Sil. — 2. To ascribe, 
impute., etc.: ut quee Neroni falsus 
astruit scriptor, Mart. — 3. To reckon 
to or among : ut Livium priorum astati 
astruas, Veil. 

astu (-y), n. indecl. = aarv. Of 
Attica : The city, i. e. Athens (cf . urbs 
for " Rome"): Cic. 

a-stupeo (ad-), noperf. nor sup., 
ere, 2. v. n . [for ad-stupeo] To be amazed 
or astonished at or on account of: I. 
Prop.: Of persons: astupet ipse sibi, 
Ov. II. Fig.: Of things : nemus 
astupet, Stat. 

Astur, uris, v. Asturia, 

Asturia, a>, /. Asturia ; a province 
of Hispania Tarraconensis. — Hence, 
Astur, iiris, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Asturia; Asturian: equus, Mart,— As 
Subst.: Astur, uris, m. An Asturian. 

astus, us, m. [etym. dub.] Craft, 
cunning (as a single act): hostium, 
Tac. — Adverbial expression: 
Astu, Ch'aftily, cunningly, Plaut. ; Virg. 

astut-e, adv. [astut-us] Craftily, 
cunningly: Cic: (Comp.) astutius : 
Var.: (Sup.) astutissime, Gell. 

astut-Ia, se f f. [id.] (The quality of 

the astutus ; hence) 1. In a good sense: 
Dexterity, skill, adroitness: Pac — 2» 
In a bad sense : Cunning, slyness, 
subtlety, craft: Cic. «f Hence, Fr 
astuce. _ 

ast-utus, a, nm,adj. [ast-us] (Pro- 
vided or furnished vnth astus ; hence) 
1 „ In a good sense : Wary, shrewd, 
sagacious, expert: non tarn astutus, 
Ter. : ratio, Cic — 2. In a bad sense : 
Crafty, cunning, sly, artful, designing: 
(Comp.) qui me astutiorem fingit, Cic. 

asty, v. astu. 

Astyages,is,?n.,'A<rrvaY?j?. Asty- 
ages : 1, A king of Media, father of 
Mandane, and grandfather of Cyrus. 
— 2. An enemy of Perseus, changed by 
him into stone by means of Medusa's 

Astyanax, actis (Gr. Ace. Asty- 
anacta, Virg.), m., ' Kcrrvdva.^ (King 
of the city). Astyanax : 1. Son o/ 
Hector and Andromache ; at the destruc- 
tion of Troy cast down by Ulysses from 
a tower.— 2, An actor in the time 0/ 

Astylos, i,m. "AcrrvAos (One per- 
taining to the city). Astylos; a centaur 
and soothsayer. 

Astyjoalsea, Ee,/. , 'AcnwaAeua. (A 
thing, — e.g. island — pertaining to the 
old city) Astypalcea ; one of the Sporades 
islands in the neighbourhood of Crete 
(now Stampalia). — Hence, 1. Asty- 
palss-enses, turn, m. The inhabitant* 
of Astypala?a.—2, Astypalse-Ius, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Astypalcea ; 

asylum, i, n. = a<rv\ov (Unspoiled 
thing, i. c. a place safe from violence),, 

1. Gen.: A place of refuge; a sanct- 
uary, asylum: Cic; Virg. II. Esp.: 
The asylum (opened by Romulus on tht 
Capitol ine hill): Virg. «J Hence, Fr. 
asile, asyle. 

asymbSlus, a, um, adj. = d<xt/|u,« 
^oAos. Contributing nothing to an en- 
tertainment, scot-free : Ter. 

at or ast, conj. [akin to Sanscrit 
alha, at, Greek a-r-ap.] 1. It adds a 
different but not entirely opposite 
idea : But, yet, on the other hand, more- 
over; sometines an emphatic (but 
never copulative) and: paret A mot 
dictis cara3 genetricis. At Venus Aa- 
canio placidam per membra quietem 
Irrigat, Virg.: una (sc. navis) cum 
Nasidianis profugit : at ex reliquis 
una praemissa Massiliam, etc., Cses. — 

2 . It adds an entirely opposite thought: 
a. But, but on the other hand, but 
indeed, on the contrary, etc: non 
placet M. Antonio consulatus meus : 
at placuit P. Servilio, Cic: maJo me 
G-alatea petit, lasciva puella . . . Men. 
At mihi sese offert ultro meus ignia 
Amyntas, Virg. — b. Very often it 
adds an objection, which one brings 
from his own mind or another's, 
against an assertion previously made : 
(a) But, on the contrary, in opposition 
to this; sometimes we may supply, 
one might say, or, it might be objected,, 
etc.: quid porro quasrendum est? 
Factumne sit ? At constat : A quo f 
At patet, Cic- (b) With cnim ,• to 



tntroduce a reason for an objection : 
But certainly, but consider , but indeed 
it should be noted, etc.: at enim inter 
hosipsos existunt graves controversial, 
Cic.— c. "With a preceding negative, 
sometimes no antithesis is appended 
by at, bat it is indicated that if that 
which has been said is not true, yet at 
least something else is certain : But at 
hast, yet at least, yet on the contrary : 
m genus humanum et mortalia tenon- 
itis arma, At sperate deos memores 
fandi atque nefandi, Virg. 

Xtabiilii.*, i, m.Atabulus; a burn- 
ing hot wind, blowing in Apulia (now 
called Sirocco). 

Xfcalanta, se, -Ȥ, es,/., 'AraXavrn- 
Atalania or Atalante: 1. A daughter 
of Schoeneus, king of Boeoiia, celebrated 
for her swiftness in running, conquered 
by Hippomenes (ace. to others, by Mi- 
lanion) by stratagem, and married by 
Mm. — 2. A daughter of Jasius of Arc- 
adia, passionately beloved by Meleager. 
atHt or attat, also several times 
repeated atatatoe, attatatatee, or at- 
atte, atattate, etc., inlerj. = aTraraC, 
o.rrararcd, etc. An exclamation of 
j°y, pain, wonder, fright, warning, 
etc, : Oh ! ah t alas I lot strange I etc. : 

at>avu8, i, m. [ad, WW; avus] 
I. Prop.: A great-great-great-grand- 
father : Plant.; Cic. II. Met on. : 
An ancestor; a forefather: Maecenas 
atavis edite regibus, Hor. 

Xtax, acis, m., v Ara£. Atax ; a 
small river in Gallia Narbonensis (now 
the Aude). — Hence, Atac-inus, i, m» 
An inhabitant of the country through 
which the Atax flows: so, P. Terentius 
Varro Atacinus, a poet in the time of 
Julius Csesar. 

Atella, ge, /., 'AreXXa. Atella; an 
ancient town of the Osci, in Campania, on 
the Clanius (near the present Aversa'). 
— Hence, Atellanus, a, urn, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Atella; Atellan: 
tabula or fabella, a comic, but not 
licentious, kind of popular farce, that 
originated in Atella: Li v.— -As Subst.: 
Atellana, fe, /. (sc. fabula)~Atell- 
ana fabula, Juv. (v. above). — Hence, 
1. Atellan»us, i, m. (sc. actor) An 
actor in the Atellan farce: Cic. — 2„ 
Atellan-ms, a, urn, adj. Pertaining 
to the Atellan farce: Cic.— 3. Atell- 
aii-icus, a, um, adj. Pertaining to 
the Atellan farce: Suet. 

ater, tra, trum, adj. [etym. dub.] 
f„ Prop.: A. Gen.: Black, coal-black, 
sable, dark (opp. albus, " dead- white ;" 
diff. niger, " raven or glossy black"): 
alba et atra discernere non poterat, 
Cic: (Com p.) atrior multo quam 
^lgyptii, Plaut. B. Esp.: Clothed 
in black garments: lictores, Hor. II, 
Fig.: A. Of any thing troublesome 
or unfortunate : Black, dark, gloomy, 
sad, dismal, unfortunate, etc.: timor, 
Virg.: fila trium sororum, Hor. — r 
Particular expression: Dies 
atri, Unlucky days (tins designation 
is said to have arisen from the custom 
of the Romans of marking every 


unfortunate day in the calendar with 
coal): Liv. — B. Malevolent, malicious, 
virulent: versus, Hor. % Hence, Fr. 

Aterntis, \,m. Aternus ; a river 
of Samnium (now Pescara). 

Xthamanla, as, /., *A0afia.vU. 
Athamania ; a district of lipirus, on 
or near the Pindus.-lS.cnce, 1. Atha- 
man-ea, um, m., , A6a f xave<;. The 
inhabitants of^ Athamania,— 2, Atha- 
man«>is, Mis, /. An Athamanian 
woman. — 3. Atliaman-us, a, rja, 
adj. Of AUiamania, Athamanian. 

Athamas, antis, m., 'A6dfj.a<>. 
Athamas ; a son of Alolus, grandson of 
Hellen, king of Thessaly, the father of 
Helle and Phryxus by Nephele, and of 
Melicerta and Learchus by lno ; in a fit 
of madness he pursued lno, who, with 
Melicerta, threw herself into the sea, 
and both were changed into sea-deities : 
lno into Leucothea (Matuta), Melicerta 
into Palcemon (Portunus). — Hence, 1. 
Athamant-ens, a, um, adj. 'Ada- 
fxavrelog. Pertaining to Athamas, A- 
a3, m,, 'AOaixavTidSrjs. A son of Atha- 
mas, i.e. Palcemon.— 3. Athaxnant» 
is, Mis, /., 'AQaixavrLs. A daughter 
of Athamas, i. e. Helle, 

Xthenae, arum, /., 'Aflrfi/cu : I. 
Prop. : Athens, the chief city of At- 
tica. -Hence, A. Atlien-iensis, e, 
adj. ■ Athenian.— As Subst. : Athene 
iensis, is, m. (sc. civis) An Athen- 
ian— H. Athen-eeus, a, um, adj., 
'A6yvolo<;. Athenian. II, Pig.: In- 
telligence, science : Juv. 

AthenXo, onis, m. Athenio; a 
slave, leader of a slave-insurrection in 
Sicily, a.u.c. 652. 

atiieos (-us), i, m. — aOeo? (One 
without a god). An atheist: Cic. 

Athosis, is, m. The. Athesis; a 
considerable river in Upper Italy (now 
I7te Adige or Etsch). 

athleta, se, 7n.~a9Xr)rrj<;. A com- 
batant in the public games ; a wrestler, 
prize-fighter, athlete: Cic. % Hence, 
Pr. athMe. 

athletSc-e, adv. [athletic-us] Ath- 
letically: Plaut. 

athleticus, a, um, adj. ^aOX-qrtKo^. 
Of, or pertaining to, an athlete; athletic: 
Gels.; Gell. f Hence, Fr. athletigue. 

Xtlios (Gen. not found ; yet it may 
be assumed as Athonis, on account of 
AM. Athone, Cic. : — Dat. and A bl. Atho : 
— Ace. Atho, AthSn, Athonem, and 
Athona), w., v A6bi<;, later v A8o.n', covos. 
Athos ; a high mountain, on the Stry- 
monian Gulf, in Macedonia (now 
Monte Santo). 

Atina , sc , f. , * A t wa . A tin a ; a town 
of Latium (still called Atina). — Hence, 
Atin-as, atis, adj. Of Atina ; Atin- 
atian. — As Subst. : 1 . Atinas, atis, m. 
(sc. ager) The district or territory of 
Atina. — 2« Atmates., mm, m, (sc. 
cives) The inhabitants of Atina. 

Atlas, antis, m., "A~Xas (Mighty 
bearer). Atlas: I, Prop.: A king of 
Mauritania, son of Japetus and Clym- 
ene, a lover of Astronomy; changed by 

with the aid of "Medusa's head, 
into Mount Atlas, because he refused 
him a hospitable reception. — Hence, A. 
Atlant-eus, a, um, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Atlas,— B. Atlant-Iades, 
a3, m. A male descendant of Atlas, an 
Atlantiad: 1. Mercury, the grandson 
of Atlas byMaia. — 2. Hermaphroditus, 
great-grandson of Atlas, and son oj 
Mercury.— C. Atlant-is, Mis, /. A 
female descendant of Atlas : 1. Electra. 
— 2.Calypso. II. Met on.: A. A man 
of colossal height: Juv. — B. A high 
mountain in Mauritania, on which, ace. 
to the myth, heaven rested. — Hence, 1. 
Atlant-ieus, a, um, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Mount Atlas; Atlantic— 2. 
Atlanteus, a, um, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Mount Atlas. 

atSmus, a, um, adj.—arotxas. Un- 
divided, indivisible : tus, PI. — As Subst, : 
atomixs, i, /. = t? arojao?. An atom; 
one of the small indivisible bodies, oj 
which (ace. to Democritus) all things 
are constituted: Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

at-aque or ac (the latter only 
before consonants), conj. [for ad-que] 
I. Prop. : A. In connecting single 
words : 1 , G- e n. : And also, and besides , 
and moreover, and: Sail.— 2. Esp.: 
Empbatic ; joining to the idea of a 
preceding word one more important : 
a. And indeed, and even, and especially : 
Cic; CaDS.~b. In answers : Fes, and 
that; no, and that: Plaut.— B. In con- 
necting whole clauses: 1, And, and 
so, and even, and too: Cic. — 2. In 
connecting two points of time and 
bringing them into immediate con- 
tact : And then: cui fidus Achates It 
comes . . . atque illi Misenum in 
litore si ceo lit venere, vident, etc., 
Virg. — 3. To annex a thought of more 
importance : And indeed, and even, 
and especially, and moreover: Cic. — 4. 
To connect an adversative clause : 
And yet, notwithstanding. — 5. Very 
often it serves merely for the general 
continuation of the thought in assert- 
ions or in narrative : JYow, and thus, 
accordingly: Cic. — C» Particular 
connections and phrases : I„ 
Alius atque alius, etc.: One and an- 
other; now this, now that: Liv. — 2„ 
Atque eccum or atque eccum video , 
See now, behold: Ter.~ 3. In making 
an assertion general : And so gener- 
ally: atque in his omnibus, qua?, etc., 
Cic. II. Meton. : In comparisons; 
both with single words, and also with 
clauses : A. After Adjj. or Advv., 
denoting similarity or identity: As, 
with: pariter patribus ac plebi carus, 
Liv.: aliquid abisto simile in sestima- 
tione, Cic— B. After Adjj. or Advv., 
denoting dissimilarity, difference, cgel^ 
trariety, etc.: Than, to: illi sunt alio 
ingenio atque tu, Plaut.: quod est non 
dissimile atque ire in Solonium, Cic: 
vides, omnia fere contra ac dicta sint 
evenisse, id. — C. Poet., with compar- 
atives for quam: TJian: hand minus 
ac jussi faciunt, Virg. : non tuus hos 
capiet venter plus ac meus, Hor. 
at-qui, conj. [at ; qui =; quo] %, 



P rop.: Ae an emphatic or close con- 
nection of an adversative assertion : 
But, yet, notwithstanding, however, 
rather, but now, but nevertheless, and 
yet: vitas hinnuleo me similis Chloe 
. . atqui nou ego te, tigris ut aspera 
Geetulusve leo, frangere persequor, 
Hor, II. Me ton.: A. In adding a 
thought confirmatory of a preceding 
one : Indeed, certainly, by all means : 
Cic — B. Atqui si, If now; now indeed, 
if; well now, if; or adversative, but if 
now, Ter.; Cic. — C. Yet still, instead of 
that, whereas rather: rem, inquis, 
difficilem et inexplicabilem I Atqui 
explicanda est, Cic. 

atr-amenfrom, i, n. [ater, atr-i] 
(The thing serving for making black; 
hence) I. Gen.: A black liquid of any 
kind : Cic. II. Esp.: A. Writing ink, 
ink: Cic. — B. Shoemaker's black; blue 
vitriol: Cic. 

atr-atus, a, um, adj. [id.] (Pro- 
vided with ater; hence) Clothed in 
black as a token of mourning ; dressed 
in mourning: Cic. 

Atrax, acis, /. Atrax; a town of 
Thessaly, on the Peneus. — Hence, 1. 
Atraoldes, 33, m. A Tliessalian; 
esp. Cameus.—2. Atrac-is, Mis, /. 
A Tliessalian woman; esp. Hippodamia. 

Atrebates, um, m. The Atrebates ; 
a people in Gallia Belgica (in modern 
district of Artois or Dip. du Pas-de- 
Calais).— In Sing.: AtrSbas, atis. 
An Atrebaiian. 

Atreus (dissyll.), ei (Ace. Atrea, 
Ov.: — Voc. Atreu, Sen.), m., 'Arpeu?. 
Atreus; a son of Pelops and Hippo- 
damia, brother of Thyestes, father of 
Agamemnon and Menelaus, king of 
A?*gos and Mycenae. — Hence, 1. Atr- 
"Zdes, se, m. A male descendant of 
A treus. — 2 . Plur. : Atr-idS3 , arum, 
m. The Atridce; i.e. Agamemnon and 

atrl-ensis, is, m. [atri-um] (One 
belonging to an atrium ; hence) The 
overseer of the hall, or house ; a house- 
steward, major-domo, etc. : Plant. ; Cic. 

atrlo-lmn, i, n. dim. [atrium, 
(uncontr. Gen.) atrio-i] A small fore- 
court, hall; ante-chamber: Cic. 

atr-itas, atis,/. [ater, atr-i] (The 
quality of the ater ; hence) Blackness: 

atrJum, Ti, n. [etym. dub.] I. 
Pro p.: A. Gen.: The fore- court, hall; 
the principal apartment of a Roman 
house (next to the entrance, janua): 
Hor. ; Virg. B. E s p. : 1 . The hall in 
the habitation of the god« above, in 
public buildings, etc.: Ov.; Cic; Liv. 
— 2. Atrium auctionarium, vln auction 
hall; a hall where auctions were held: 
Cic. II. Me ton.: A house: nee cap- 
tent Phrygias atria nostra nurus, Ov. 

sttroc-itas, atis, /. [atrox, atroc- 
is] (The quality of the atrox; hence) 
1. Fierceness, harshness, atrociousness, 
enormity, etc., of any thing: Cic; 
Sail.— 2. Of the mind or manners : 
Moral harshness or rage ; hence, savage- 
ness, barbarity, atrocity, severity, rough- 
ne&$: Cic; Tac-~3. Strictness, exact- 
Tie^: Cic. <f Hence, Fr. atrociU. 

SttrooXter , adv. [id.] Violently, 
fiercely, cruelly, severely, harshly, in- 
dignantly : Cic; Tac: (Comp.) atroc- 
ius, Liv.: (Sup.) atrocissime, Cic 

Atropos, ij/./ATpoiro? (She who 
is not to be averted). Atropos; one of 
the three Purees. 

atr°ox, ocis, adj. [prps. akin to 
ater, atr-i] (Pertaining to that which is 
ater ; hence, Prop. : Extremely dis- 
agreeable to behold, highly repulsive, 
horrid, hideous, terrible, frightful ; 
Fig.) 1.: a. Of persons : Savage, fierce, 
wild, emiel, harsh, severe: filia longo 
dolore atrox, Tac — b. Of things : 
Cruel, bad, terrible, horrible, violent, 
raging, perilous : (Comp.) non alia 
ante pugna atrocior, Liv. : (Sup.) 
atrocissimje liters, Cic — 2. : a. Of 
persons : Stern, morose, gloomy, re- 
served : Agrippina semper atrox, Tac. 
— b. Of the mind, etc.: Fixed, firm, 
unyielding, determinately bent or resolv- 
ed: animus, Hor. — c. Of things: 
Fixed, firm, certain, not variable: ast- 
uta, Plaut. — 3. Of style, language, etc. : 
Violent, bitter. — 4. In Law : Adverse, 
hostile : res, Cic. If Hence, Fr. atroce. 

Atta, ffi, m. Atta: 1, A name for 
persons who walk on the tips of their 
Shoes (prob. from olttio = aaaoo, to 
move with a rapid gliding motion). — 
2. 'The comic poet, C. Quintius Atta,, 
652, a. u.c—3. Hie ancestor of the 
Gens Claudia. 

1. attac-tus (adt-) (for atta(n)g- 
tus), a, um, P. of atting-o, through 
true root attag. 

2. attac-tus (adt«), us, m. [for 
attag-tus ; fr. id.] A touching, touch 
(only in AM. Sing.): Virg. 

attagen, enis, m.\ =6na, se, f.= 
ctTTayrj?/. A woodcock; prps. a snipe 
ox a grouse: Hor.; Mart. 

Attains, i, m., "Arrakog. Attalus : 
the name of several kings of Perga- 
mos: the most renowned of tchom, both 
from his wealth and his discovery of 
the art of weaving cloth from gold, was 
Attalus III., who made the Roman peo- 
ple his heir. — Hence, Attal-Ieus, a, 
wax, adj.: 1. Prop.: Of, ox belonging 
to, Attalus; Attalian. — 2. Meton,: a. 
Splendid, brilliant, rich : Attalicis con- 
ditionibus Nunquam dimoveas, etc., 
Hor. — b. Pergamean : urbes, Hor. 

attamen, v. tamen. 

attat and attate, v. atat. 

attegia, vo, f. TArab. word ; ace 
to others from an obs. attego, ere, to 
cover] A cottage, hut: Juv. 

attemperat-e (adt«), adv. [at- 
temperat-us] Opportunely, in the nick 
of time, seasonably : Ter. 

attempera^tus, a, um, P. of 

at «tempera (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup., are, 1. v. a. [for ad-tempero] I. 
(To regulate to; hence) To fit, ox adjust 
to, etc.: gladium sibi, Sen. n. (To 
regulate upon ; hence) To fit or ad- 
just upon: peenulam super catinum, 

attempto, are, v. attento. 

at-tendo (ad»), di, turn, dere, 3. 
«?. a. [for ad-tendo] I. Prop.: To 

j hold or extend something towards oi 

! before one's self: attendere sign» ad 

j eos, qui excidunt, sensu«, i. e. symbols 

\ for those sentences which slip the memory, 

j Quint. H. Fig.: A. Animumar aminos 

aotendere, animo attendere, or simplf 

attendere, To direct the attention, apply 

the mind to something ; to attend to ; 

to consider, mind, take heed to: Cic; 

Ter.; Liv.; P1.—-B. Attendere alicui 

rei, To turn one's mind to a thing; to 

engage in the pursuit of or to study c 

thing : Suet, f Hence, Fr. attendre. 

attent-e (adt-), adv. [1. attent-us] 

Attentively, carefully, diligently: Ter, 

(Comp.) attentius, Cic: (Sup.) attent- 

issime, id. 

atten-tlo (adt-), onis, /. [for 
attend-tio; fr. attend-o] Attention, 
a ttentiven ess, application, etc ^f Hence, 
Fr. attention. 

at-tento (ad-, -tempto), avi, 
abum, are, I. v. a. [for ad-tento] (To 
strive to or towards ; hence) I. Prop.: 
To grasp eagerly, lay hold of, seize 
upon: digitis arcum, Claud. II. Fig.: 
Of abstract things : To begin, take in 
hand, attempt: attentata defectio, Liv. 
III. Meton.: A. To try or make trial 
of for the purpose of corrupting ; to 
tamper with, seek to corrupt: omnium 
adversarios, omnium inimicos attent- 
' are, Cic. — B. To attack, assault, assail: 
Of living beings or tilings : jam curabo 
sentiat Quos adtentarit (sc. latro), 
Phged. : ne compositoe orationis insidiis 
sua fides attentetur, Cic % Hence, Fr. 
; altenter. 

\ 1. atten-tri'S (adt-), a, um (for 
' attend-tus) 1. P. of attend-o.-— 2. Pa.i 
! a.. Attentive, earnestly engaged : judex, 
; Cic: (Sup.) attentissima cogitetio, 
; id. — b. Intent on, striving after, care- 
ful, attentive, assiduous, etc: (Comp.) 
' quassti cuius te faciebat attentkorem, 

: Cic. 

\ 2. atten-tus (adt-), a, um, P. of 
\ attin-eo, through true root atten. 

attenuate (adt-) , adv. [attenuat- 
us] Yfithoutrheiorical ornament, simply: 
: Cic. 

j attSnua-tio (adt-), onis, /. [at- 
1 tenu(a)-o] I. G-en. : .4 diminishing, 
1 lessening, weakening : suspicionis, Auct, 
| Her. II. E s p. : Of oratorical style : 
j A reducing it to the level of ordinary 
| conversation : facetissima verborum 
| attenuatio, Auct. Her. % Hence, Fr. 

attenua-tus (adt"), a, um : 1„ P. 
of attenu(a)-o].— 2. Pa.: a. Gen.: 
impaired, weak, reduced: (Sup.) for- 
tuna? familiaresattenuatissimaa,! uct.; 
Her.—b. Esp. : Of style : (a) Short- 

■ ened, brief: Cic— (b) Nice, scrupul- 
ous, too much refined, affected : Cic. — 
(c) Meagre, di~y, witliout ornament: 

; Auct. Her. 

at-t§nuo (ad-), avi, atum, are, 

'• 1. v. a. [for ad-tenuo] I. Prop.: To 
make very thin, attenuated, or lean ; to 
attenuate, lessen, diminish : attenuant 

j juvenum vigilata? corpora noctes, Ov. 

■ II. Fig.: A. G e n. : To reduce, impair, 
I lessen, diminish, enfeeble, weaken: bel- 
' lam. (servile.) expectatione Pompeif 



attenuatum est, adventu sublatum ac 
sepultum, Gic. B. Esp.: To reduce, 
waste, squander property : opes, Ov. 
f Hence, Fr. atte'nuer. 

at-tero (ad-), trlvi (terili, Tib.), 
tritum, terere, 3. v. a. [for ad-tero] 
I Prop.: To rub one thing against 
another ; to rub: leniter atterens (sc. 
Cerberus) Caudam, i. e. against Bac- 
chus, Hor. n. M e t o n. : Of the effects 
produced by ru ' -ing one thing against 
another : A. To rub or wear away ; to 
destroy, injure, etc. : errans bucula 
campo Decutiat rorem, et surgentes 
atterat herbas, i.e. break off or crush, 
Virg.— B. To loosen: attritas versabat 
rivus arenas, Ov. III. Fig.: To de- 
stroy, waste, weaken, impair : postquam 
. . . alteri alteros aliquantum attriv- 
erant, Sail. 

at-testor (ad-), atus sum, Sri, 1. 
v. dep. [for ad-testor] To bear witness 
or testimony to a thing ; to attest: hoc 
attestatur brevis ^sopi fabula, Phxed. 
«[ Hence, Fr. attester. 

at-texo (ad-), ui, turn, ere, 3. 
v. a. [for ad-texo] I. Prop.: To inter- 
lace or plait on: pinnae loricaeque ex 
cratibus attexuntur, Cses. II. Fig.: 
To add or join on : ad id, quod erit 
immortale, partem attexitote rnort- 
alem, Cic. 

1. Atthis, Mis,/. Atthis; a name 
of Attica. 

2. Atthis, Mis. /. Atthis ; a female 
friend of Sappho. 

Attica, 83, /. Attica ; the most di- 
stinguished country of Ancient Greece, 
situate in Hellas Proper, with Athens as 
Us capital. 

Attlc-e, adv. [1. Attic-us] In the 
Attic or Athenian manner. 

atticisso, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. n. = uttikl^io. To imitate the 
Athenian mode of speaking: Plaut. 

3. Atticus, a, um, adj. 'Attikos : 
I. Gen.: Of, or pertaining to, Attica or 
Athens; Attic, Athenian. — As Subst.: 
Attici, orum, m. The Athenians. II. 
Esp. : A. Prop.: As descriptive of 
the highest style of art, eloquence, etc. : 
Attic: Gic.—B. Met on. : Excellent, 
pre-eminent: Plaut. f Hence, Fr. 

2. Atticus, i, m. Atticus ; the co- 
gnomen of T. Pomponius, the intimate 
friend of Cicero, given to him on account 
of his eloquence. His biography is found 
in Nepos. 

attigo (adt-), v. attingo. 

at-«neo (adt-), tmui, tcntum, 
tlnere, 2. v. a. and n. [for ad-teneo] I. 
Act. : A. To hold a person or thing near 
anothei , to hold or bring forth : nunc 
jam cultros attinet, Plant.— B.: 1. 
To keep or lay hold of; to hold fast : a. 
Prop.: ni Stertinius Flavium attin- 
uisset, Tac— b. Fig.: vinculo servi- 
tutisadtineri,Tac.— 2. To hold or have 
possession of; to possess, keep, occupy, 
etc.: ripam Danubii, Tac,— 0.: 1. To 
hold or keep back, retain, detain, etc. : 
a. Prop.: sororesejus attinuit, Tac. 
—-b. Fig.: Eomanos spe pacis, Sail. 
— 2, To restrain, hinder, check : impet- 
tim ejus attinueve senatores, Tac. II. 


Heut. : Am P r o p. : To reach, extend, or 

stretch to : ad Borysthenem atque inde 
adTanain attinent (sc. Scythse), Curt. 
B. Fig. : (only in the 3rd pers., usu. 
sing.; either with or without a sub- 
ject: seldom plur., or in the Inf.): 1. 
It belongs to, concents, refers or relates 
to, pertains or appertains to: ques ad 
colendam vitem attinebunt, Cic. : quod 
ad me attinet, as far as it relates to 
me, id. — 2. It concerns, matters, is of 
moment, of consequence, of importance, 
of use : Hor.— 3. It belongs to, is $ei~v- 
iceable, useful, avails: Liv. 

at-tingo (ad-), ttgi, tactum, 
tingere (old form att¥go, Sre), 3. v. a. 
and n. [for ad-tango] I. Prop. : A. 
Gen.: To touch against; to come in 
contact with; to touch; prius quam 
aries murum attigisset, Cass. B. E s p. : 
1. To touch one by striking; to seize 
ttpon, to catch, etc. , in a hostile manner : 
ne me attigas : si me tagis, etc., Plaut. 
—So of lightning : To sfrike one : si 
Vestinus attingeretur, Liv.— -2. To 
touch in feeding or cropping: gra- 
minisherbam,Yirg.— 3. Of local rela- 
tions : a. To come to a place ; to ap- 
proach, reach, arrive at, or attain to a, 
place : ut primum Asiam attigisti, 
Cic— b. To be near to; to border upon, 
be contiguous to, touch upon, etc. : fines, 
Oaes. : tonsillas, Cic. II. Fig.: A. 
Gen. : To touch, affect, reach: erant 
perpauci, quos ea infamia attingeret, 
Liv. B. Esp.: 1. Of speech: To 
touch upon something in speaking, etc., 
to mention slightly: quod perquam 
breviter perstrinxi atque attigi, Cic. 
—2. Of action : To come in contact with 
something by action ; i. e. to under- 
take, enter upon some course of action 
(esp. mental); to apply one's self to, be 
occupied in, engage in, take in hand, 
manage: a. Act.: orati ones, Cic. — b. 
Neut. : ad Venerem seram, Ov. — 3. 
Of the relations and qualities of 
things : To come in contact with ; to be 
near or similar to ; to belong or apper- 
tain to ; to concern ov relate to : a. Act.: 
qua? non magis legis nomen atting- 
unt, quam, etc., Cic— b. Neut.: qua? 
nihil attingunt ad rem, Plaut. % 
Hence, Fr. atteindre. 

Attis (Atth-), Mis; Atys, yos, 
v Arri?, *Atvs. Attis, Atthis, or Atys ; a 
young Phrygian shepherd, whom Cybele 
made her priest on condition of per- 
petual chastity ; but he broke his vow, 
became insane, and emasculated him- 

at-tollo (ad-), no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. [for ad-tollo] I. P r o p. : 
A. Gen.: To lift or raise up on high, 
etc.; to raise or elevate: parvumque 
attollite natum, Ov. B. Esp.: 1. 
With Personal pron. or Pass, in re- 
flexive force : To lift or raise one's self 
up ; to rise, etc. : se in femur, Virg. : 
mediis arenis hunc (sc. Atlantem) in 
coelum attolli prodiderunt, PL— 2. Of 
buildings, etc. : To erect, construct, 
raise, etc.: immensam molem Jtobor- 
ibus textis, Virg. II. Fig.: A.: 1. 
Gen.: To raise, elevate, lift up, etc.: 
ad consulates spem attollere animos. 

Liv.— 2. Esp.: With Personal pron.s 
To lift one's self tip, to rise: Punica se 
quantis attollet gloria rebus, Virg.— 
B» To bear up, sustain, support, etc. : 
frangit et attollit vires in milite 
causa, Prop. — C. To render prominent 
or conspicuous ; to distinguish, aggrand- 
ize, etc.: ceteros prsemiis, Tac. — D, 
To honour, praise, extol, magnify, etc.: 
sua facta, suos casus, Tac. 

at-tondeo (ad-), tondi, tonsum, 
tondere, 2. v. a. [for ad-tondeo] I. 
Prop. : A. Gen. : To shave, clear, 
clip, lop: vitem, Virg.: caput, Cels. 
B. Esp. : To clip, etc., with the teeth ; 
to crop, nib&e, eat away, gnaw at: 
attondent virgulta eapellaa, Virg. II. 
Fig. : A. Gen. : To lessen, diminish: 
consiliis nostris laus est attonsa Lac- 
onum, Poet. ap. Cic. B. Esp.: To 
fleece, cheat: attonsae hse ambas sunt, 
Plaut. III. Met on.: To strip one's 
skin off; to cudgel, beat soundly : Plaut. 

atton-Itus (adt-), a, um : 1. P. 
of atton-o.— 2. Pa. : a. Stunned, terr- 
ified, stupified, alarmed, astonished, a- 
mazed, confounded, thunderstruck : ut 
attoniti conciderent, Liv: talibus at- 
tonitus visis ac voce deorum, Virg.— 
b. Seized with a furor of inspiration; 
inspired, infuriated, frantic: vates, 

at-tSno (ad-), ui, Ttum, are, 1. 
v. a. [for ad-tono] (Prop. : To thunder 
at; Fig.) To seize with divine furor, 
etc.; to render frantic, infuriate, etc.: 
quis furor, . . . yestras Attonuit ment, 
es? Ov. 

atton-sus (adt-), a, um, (for 
attond-sus), P. of attonde-o. 

at-torqueo (ad-), no perf. ne4 
sup., ere, 2. v. a. [for ad-torqueo] To 
hurl upwards : jaculum, Virg. 

attraotus (adt-), a, um (for 
attrah-tus), P. of attrah-o. 

at-traho (ad-), xi, ctum, here, 
3. v.a. [for ad-traho] I. Prop. : A. 
Gen.: To draw to or towards one's 
self, etc. '. arcus, Ov. B. Esp.: 1. Of 
the magnet : To attract: ferrum, PL— 

2. To drag to a person or place: 
tribunos attrahi acl se jussit, Liv. 
II. Fig.: To draw, attr 'act, allure, etc., 
to a person or place: te Romam, to 
Rome, Cic. 

at-trecto (ad-), avi, a turn, are, 
L v. a. [for ad-tracto] I. Gen.: To 
touch or handlein way way: A. Prop.: 
libros manibus, Cic. B. Fig.: at- 
trectare, quod non obtineret, Tac. II. 
Esp.: W T ith accessory notion of ap- 
propriation : To lay hold of, appropr- 
iate : regias gazas, Liv. 

at-trepldo (ad-), no perf. nor 
sup., are, 1. v. n. [for acl-trepido] To 
go tremblingly on : Plaut. 

at-tribilo (ad-), ui, utum, figre, 

3. v. a. [for ad-tribuo] I. Prop.: A, 
Gen.: To give to; hence, 1, To assign 
or allot to; to make over to: lis equos 
attribuit, Cees.— 2. To appointor assign 
to an undertaking, for a purpose, etc.: 
juventus ejus loci prassidio attributa 
erat, Liv.: (with second Ace. of further 
definition) : delectos antesignanos cent? 
uriones Csesar ei classi attribuerst* 



Oic— 3. To give to one's charge ; to 
commit, confide, entrust: pontifici sacra j 
omnia attribuit. Liv.— 4. To assign or 
make over: opera ex pecunia attributa 
confecerunt, Liv.— 5 To attach, join, 
etc.: ducentos equites attribuit, Cass. 
B. Esp.: Polit. t. L: To impose a tax 
or tribute; to assess: ut terni in tria 
miliia asris attribuerentur, Liv. II. 
Fig. : A. To attribute, give, bestow 
upon, assign: tiraorem mihi natura 
attribuit, Cic — B. To entrust, commit: 
eeterorum curam bene tuendorum C. 
Flaminio attribuit, Liv. — C. To attrib- 
ute, ascribe, impute : bonos exittis diis 
immortalibus, Cic. «jf Hence, Fr. at- 

attribu-t*o (adt-), onis,/. [at- 
tribu-o] 1, The assigning, or assign- 
ment, of a debt, etc. : Cic. — 2. Gramrn. 
t. t. : A predicate, attribute : Cic. ^f 
Hence, Fr. attribution. 

attribu-tus (adt-), a, um, P. of 

attrl-tus (adt-), a, um : 1. P. of 
atter-o.— 2. Pa.: a. Gen.: (a) Prop.: 
Rubbed : sulco attritus vomer, Virg. — 
(b) Fig.*, Rubbed; frons, a shameless 
impudent /ace, Juv. — b. Esp.: Rubbed 
or worn away : mentum paullo at- 
tritius, Cic. SS§T Cf. tero init. 

1. Atys, yos, v. Attis. 

2. Xtys, Jos, m. Atys: 1, A son of 
Hercules and Omphale. — 2. The ancestor 
of the Gens Attia. 

au, interj., v. hau. 

au-cep-s, fipis, m. [for av-cap-s ; 
fr. av-is; cap-io] A bird-catcher; a 
fowler: I, Prop.: decidit auceps In 
puteum, Hor. II. Fig.: ne quis hie 
nostro sermoni auceps siet, Plaut. 

auet-arluin, ii, n. [2. auct-us] 
{The thing pertaining to increase ; 
hence) Over-measure, over-weight : 

auot-I-fic»us, a, um, adj. [for 
auct-i-f ac-us ; fr. auctus; (i); fac-io] 
Increasing, enlarging: Lucr. 

auc-tlo, onis, /. [for aug-tio ; fr. 
ang-eo] I. Gen.: An increasing, in. 
crease : dierum, Macr. II. Esp.: {An 
increasing of price ; hence) A. Prop.: 
A public sale, auction: Cic. B. Met- 
on.: Goods at an auction : quum auc- 
tion em venderet, Cic. 

auction-arlus, a, um, adj. [auc- 
tio, auction-is] Of, or pertaining to, an 
auction, auction-: atria, auction-rooms, 

auctlon-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [id.] {To do something at an auc- 
tion ; hence) To hold an auction, put 
up goods, etc. , at public sale : Cses. ; Cic. 

auct-lto, nopcrf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. freg. [auct-o] To increase or aug- 
ment largely : Tac. 

auc-to, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. freq. [for aug-to ; fr. aug-eo] To 
increase or augment largely: Plaut.; 

auc-tor, oris, m. (sometimes /.) 
[for aug-tor ; fr. aug-eo] {One who 
produces something; hence) I. Prop.: 
A. Of parentage : 1. Of persons : A 
father ; a founder of a family, etc. ; a 
progenitor Cic, Hor. — 2. Of animals: 

A sire : Col. — B. Of writings, etc. : 1 . 
A writer, author: Cic; Ov. — 2. (with 
or without rerum) A writer of history; 
an historian : Cic. — C. Of buildings, 
etc. : Founder, builder: Virg.; Ov. — 
D. Of works of art : An artist, etc.: 
PI. II. Meton. : A.: 1. Gen.: A 
contriver, instigator, counsellor, adviser, 
promoter, etc.: auctor facinori non 
deerat, Liv. : (with Bat. ) legibus feren- 
dis, Cic: (with ut c. Subj.) mihi ut 
absim vehementer auctor est, Cic. : 
(with Ace. of neut. Pron.) idne estis 
auctores mihi ? Ter. : (with Objective 
clause) ego tibi non sim auctor te pro- 
fugere,Cic. — Particular express- 
ion : Me, te, etc., auctore, At my, thy, 
etc., instigation; by my, etc., advice, 
command: Ter.; Cic. — 2. Esp.: Polit- 
ical t. t. : a. Auctor legis : (a) One 
who proposes a law: Liv. — (b) One who 
advises the proposal of a law, and exerts 
all his influence to have it passed : Cic. 
— (c) Of a senate which accepts or 
adopts a proposition for a law : A 
confirmer, ratifier : Cic. — (d) A law- 
giver: Ov. — b. Auctor consilii pub- 
lici, or simply auctor : He who has the 
chief voice in the senate, and exercises 
great influence over its decisions ; a 
leader: Cic— B. : 1. One who is the 
occasion of things ; the originator, exe- 
cutor, performer ; the source or cause : 
rerum, Sail.: facto, Ov. — 2. One from 
whom any thing proceeds or comes : 
muneris, the giver, Ov. — C. One who 
is, or is considered, an exemplar \ model, 
pattern, type of any thing : Cic. — D. 
An expounder, exponent, teacher: Hor. 
— E. One who is the author of informa- 
tion ; one who relates, narrates, recounts, 
gives an account of, announces some- 
thing ; a narrator, reporter, informant 
(both orally and in writing) : Cic. ; 
Tac — Particular expression : 
Auctor esse, To relate, recount : (with 
Objective clause) : Fabius Rusticus auc- 
tor est scriptos esse ad Cgecinam Tus- 
cum codicillos, Tac— F. One who 
becomes security for something, or re- 
presents another ; a voucher, bail, guar- 
antee, surety, witness: Cic; Virg. — 
Particular expression : Auctor 
esse, To vouch, to affirm : (with Object- 
ive clause) auctores sumus, tutam ibi 
majestatem Romani nominis fore, Liv. 
— G. Law t.t.: 1. An oicner, a seller: 
Cic — 2. A guardian, trustee (of women 
and minors): Liv.; Cic. — 3. In espous- 
als : The witnesses who sign the marriage 
contract (parents, brothers, guardians, 
relatives, etc.) : Cic— H. An agent, 
spokesman, champion, defender: Cic. 
ELI. Fig.: A surety or bail: auctor 
beneficii populi Romani esse debebit, 
t. e. be responsible for, Cic. «jf Hence, 
Fr. auteur. 

auctora-mentuin, i, n. [auc- 
tor(a)-o] {That which pledges or binds 
one to anything ; hence) 1. A contract, 
stipulation: Sen. — 2, Wages, pay, hire, 
reward for services rendered : serv- 
itutis, Cic 

auctor-Itas, atis,/. [auctor] {Hie 
quality, etc, of the auctor; hence) I. 
Pro p. •. A Producing of a thing ; 

an inventing, invention, came, occa$i&f$ 9 
origin, source : Cic. II. M e t o n . : Ao 
A view, opinion, judgment : Cic. — B.: 

1. Counsel, advice, persuasion ; encour- 
agement to something : Cebs. ; Cic — 

2 . Consolatory exhortation, consolation i 
Cic— C. : 1. Gen. : Will, pleasure^ 
decision, bidding, command, precept, 
decree: Cic— 2. Esp. : Political 1. 1.\ 
a. Senatus auctoritas : (a) The will of 
the Senate : Cic. — (b) A decree of the 
Senate : Cic. — b. Auctoritas populi, 
the popular will or decision : Cic — D. 
Free will, liberty ; ability, power, com- 
petency, authority to act according to 
one's pleasure : Cic— E. : 1 . Of per- 
sons : Weight of character, reputation, 
dignity, rank, influence, estimation, au- 
thority: Cic; Suet.— 2. Of things: Im- 
portance, significance, dignity, weight, 
power, worth, consequence, estimation: 
Gic — F. An example, pattern, model : 
Cic. — G. A warrant, security for estab- 
lishing a fact, assertion, etc.; credibil- 
ity: Cic. — H. Of things which serve 
for the verification or establishment of 
a fact : 1. The record, document: Cic. 
— 2. The name of a person who furnishes 
security for something ; authority: Cic. 
— 3. For the names of persons present 
at the drawing up of a decree of the 
Senate : Cic — J. Right of possession, 
legal oionership : Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

auctor-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[auctor] I. To be the cause ox origin of 
any thing : to cause, procure, etc : sibi 
turpissimam mortem auctoravit, Veil. 
II. With Personal pron. or Pass, in 
reflexive force; To pledge, bind, or 
engage one's self: eo pignore velut 
auotoratum sibi proditorem ratus est, 
Liv. III. Pass, in reflexive force : 
To sell one's self or services; to hire 
one's self out: Of gladiators, ete. : quid 
rcfert uri virgin ferroque necari Aue- 
toratus eas, an* etc., Hor. 

auctumn-alis (aut-), e, adj. 
[auctumn-us] Of, or pertaining to, the 
autumn ; autumnal : Cic ; Ov. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. automnal. 

1. auct-umnus (aut-), i, m. [2. 
auct-us] {The thing pertaining to in- 
crease; hence) I. Prop.: The autumn 
(from the 22nd of September to the 
22nd of December): Cic; Tac II, 
Meton. : The produce of the autumn, 
harvest, vintage, etc. Mart. % Hence, 
Fr. automne. 

2. auctumn-us, a, um [1. auct- 
umn-us] Autumnal : frigus, Ov. 

1. auc-tus, a, um (for aug-tus) 
1. P. of aug-eo. — 2. Pa.: Enlarged, 
i?icreased, great, abundant: {Comp.) 
auctior majestas, Liv.: {Sup.) auctiss- 
imus, Trebell. 

2. auc-tus, us, m. [for aug-tus ; fr. 
aug-eo] I. Prop.: An increasing, 
augmenting; increase, growth: imperii, 
Tac II. Meton.: Increased size, 
bulk : arboris, i. e. a large tree : Lu#r. 

aucup-Ium, ii, n. [aucup-or] I. 
Prop.: Bird-catching, fowling: Cic. 
n. Fig.: A catching at, lying in wait 
Jor, chase after something : hoc novum 
est aucupium, a new means of gaining 



subsistence, Ter. m. Meton.: Birds 
caught: Cat. 

au<JiSp-o, no per/, nor sup., are, 1. 
». a. [auceps, aueup-is] (Prop.: Togo 
a bird-catching ; Fig.) To He in Kail for, 
etc.: qui aucupet sermonem, Plant. 

aucip-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[id.] I. Pro p. : To go a bird-catching 
or fooling ; Var. II. F i g. : To chase, 
give chase to, strive for, lie in wait for, 
look for, etc.: nos longis navibus 
tranquillitates aucupaturi eramus, 

audac-Ia, ae,/. [audax, audac-is] 
(The quality of the audax ; hence) I. 
Prop.: A. Iu a good sense : Courage, 
intrepidity, valour, daring; Sail.; Liv. 
— B. In a bad sense : 1. Gen.: Aud- 
acity, temerity, presumption, insolence, 
impudence: Plaut.; Cic. — 2. Esp.: 
In a milder signif.: Freedom, bold- 
ness: Cic, Suet. II. Meton.: Bold, 
dai-ing action. % Hence, Fr. aud- 

audac-iter (-ter), adv. [id.] 1, 
In a good sense : Boldly, courageously : 
Cic. ; Liv. : ( Comp. ) audacius subsistere, 
Cks.: (Sup.) audacissime, id. — 2. In 
a bud sense : Daringly, audaciously, 
rashly: Cic. 

aud-ax, acis, adj. [aud-eo] I. 
Prop. : (Daring; hence) A. In a good 
sense : Bold, courageous, spirited : Of 
living beings or things : consilium, 
Liv,: (Sup.) adoiescentes audacissimi, 
N?p.: (Comp.) nemo est in ludo glad- 
iatorio paullo ad f acinus audacior, 
Cic. — B. In a bad sense : Bold, audac- 
ious, rash, presumptuous, fool-hardy : 
Of living beings or things : temerarii 
et audaces.Cic: (with Gen. ) audax in- 
genii, Stat, n. Meton.: Violent, 
fierce, proud : ambiciosus et audax, 
Hor. IT Hence, Fr. audarieux. 

aude-ns, ntis: 1. P. of aude-o. 
~2. Pa.: Baring, bold, intrepid, cour- 
ageous : audentes deus ipse juvat, Ov.: 
(Comp.) audentior ito, Tirg.: (Sup.) 
audentissimi cujusque procursu, Tac. 

audent-Ia, se, /. [audens, audent- 
is] I. Prop.: Boldness, courage, 
spirit, in a good sense : Tac. II. Fig.: 
Freedom in Vie use of words, licence : PI. 

audent-Ius, comp. adv. [id.] More 
boldly or courageously : Tac. 

aud-eo, ausussum, ere (Subj. Pres.: 
ausim, Virg.: ausis, Lucr.: ausit, Cat.: 
ausint, Stat.), 2. semi-dep, [etym. dub.; 
prob. akin to ave-o] To venture ortiare 
something ; to venture or dare to do 
something : I. Prop.: Of living sub- 
jects : quid domini facient, audent 
quum taliafures! Virg.: audeodicere, 
/ dare say, venture to assert, Cic. n. 
Fig.: Of things as subjects : vitigenei 
latices in aquai fontibus audent Misc- 
eri, Lucr. ^ Hence, Fr. oser. 

audl-ens, entis : 1. P. of audi-o. — 
As Subst.: A hearer, auditor : Cic. — 2. 
Pa.: Obedient to something : (with 
Ge& [ i^ens imperii, Plant.: (with 
Dtti.j dicto audiens, Cic. 

audlent-Ia, ce, /. [audiens, au> 

dient-isj A hearing; a listening to 

something ; audience, attention (mostly 

In the phrase audientiam facero, to 


cause to give attention, to procure a 
hearing): Cic; Plaut. <T Hence, Fr. 


aud-io, Ivi, or li, itum, ire (Imperf.\ 
audibat, Ov. : audibant, Cat.: — Perf.: 
audit = audiit, Prop,: — Put.: audi bis, 
Plaut. — '2nd Pers. Sing. Jnd. Pres.: 
audin' = audisne, Ter. —Inf. Perf.: 
audlsse, better than audivisse, ace. to 
Quint.), 4. v. a. [akin to avs (=ov?), 
avr-osj I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To hear, 
perceive, understand by hearing: vocem, 
Ter.: (without Object) audiendi delcct- 
atio, Cic. : (with Objective clause) 
audivi a majoribus natu mirari soli- 
turn C. Fabricium, id.: (with Part. 
Pres. in concord with Object) quum 
audiret reges coneertantes, Suet.: 
(with/»/, after Pass.) Bibulusnondum 
audiebatur esse in Syria, Cic— P a r t- 
icular phrases, etc.: 1. Audire 
de aliquo, etc., To hear concerning any 
one: Ter.; Cic. — 2. Audireinaliquem, 
To hear something against one, i. e. to 
hear something bad of one : Cic— 3. 
Audi, as a call to gain attention : 
Hear, understand, give »ar, listen: 
Ter.; Cic. — 4. Audin' = audisne ? Bo 
you hear f as a call of urging : Ter. 
—5. Audi to in concord with clause as 
Abl. Abs.: Upon the intelligence, at the 
tidings : audito venisse nuntium, Tac. 
B. Esp.: 1 . To listen to any one or 
to any tiling, i.e. to give one 's attention: 
etsi a vobis sic audior, ut, etc., Cic: — 
2. Of pupils: Audire aliquem, To 
hear one as a teacher, i. e. to enjoy his 
instructions, to learn something from 
him : Cic— 3. -Of judges : Audire de 
aliqua re or aliquid or aliquem, To 
listen or hearken to something or some 
one, to examine some one: Cic.; Suet. 
— 4. Of prayer or entreaty : To listen 
or lend an ear to; to regard, hear, 
grant: neque cohortationes suas, ne- 
que preces audiri intelligit, Coes. — 5. 
Audire aliquem, 7V hear one favour- 
ably : Hor. — 6. To listen or liearken to, 
to examine into, make inquiry about: 
dolos, Virg. II. M e t o n. : A. 7 } o hear 
any person or thing with assent ; to as- 
sent to, agree with; to approve of, yield 
to, grant, allow : nee Homerum audio, 
qui, etc., Cic: (without Object) audio, 
now that is good, that 1 agree to, that is 
granted: Cic — B. To hear obediently ; 
to obey, heed : te audi, tibi obtempera, 
Cic: neque audit currus habenas, 
Virg,— C. To hear one's self called, be 
called, reported, pass for; and with 
bene or male, To be in good or bad 
repute, to be praised or blamed, to have 
a good or bad character: si curas esse, 
quod audis, Hor. : velle bene audire a 
parentibus, etc., Cic: maie audies, 
Ter. «f Hence, Fr. (old) ouir. 

audi-tlo, ouis, /. [audi-o] I. 
Prop.: A. Act.: A hearing, a listen- 
ing to: Cic — B. Pass.: A hearsay: 
Cic. II. Meton.: The tali of the 
people, rumour, report, news: Cic; 
Cass. ^ Hence, Fr. audition. 

audl-tor, oris, in. [id.] I. Gen.: 
One who hears, a hearer, an auditor: 
Cic II. Esp.: A pupil, scholar, disc- 
iple : Cic. 1[ Hence, Fr. auditeur. 

audltor-ium, li, n. [auditor] 04 
thing pertaining to an auditor ; hence, 
I. Prop.: A place where something 
(a discourse, a lecture) is heard; a 
lecture-room, etc.: Quint, n. Met- 
on. : The assembled hearers; the aud- 
ience, auditory: Tac. ^ Hence, Fr. 

1. audi-tus, a, um, P. of audi-o. 

2. andl-tus, us, m. [audi-o] I. 
Prop.: A. G en.: A hearing, listening. 
Tac B. Esp.: A listening to for 
instruction: Luc II. Meton.: A. 
A rumour, report : Tac— B. The sense 
of hearing, the hearing : Cic. 

au-fero, absttili, ablatum, auferre, 
v. a. irreg. [for ab-fero] I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: To take or bear away ; to 
carry off, withdraw, remove by bearing 
or carrying : dona . . . Abstuiimus, 
Plaut.: qui de conviviis auferantur, 
Cic. B. Esp.: 1. With Personal 
pron.: To remove one's self; to with- 
draw, retire, go away: aufer te domum, 
Plaut. — 2. To bear away or off: ne 
te citus auferataxis, Ov.; e conspectu 
terras ablati sunt, Liv.— 3.: a. To 
take or snatch away by bearing ; to take 
with one's self; to remove, withdraw, 
take away violently, rob, steal, etc: 
id mihi tu, C. Verres, eripuisti atque 
abstuiisti, Cic— b. To sweep off or 
away; to destroy by taking away ; 
to annihilate, kill, stay, etc: abstulit 
clarum cita mors Acbillem, Hor. — 4. 
To bear something of as the fruit or 
result of one's labour, exertions, etc. : 
to obtain, get, receive, acquire: viginti 
minas, Plaut. U. Fig.: A. 6eu.: 
To carry off, gain, get, receive: paucos 
dies ab aliquo, Cic: (with ut c. Subj.) 
ut in i'oro statuerent (sc. statuas) abs- 
tuiisti, id. B. Esp.: 1. To can-y 
away the knowledge of any thing; 
to learn something from something ; 
to understand: hoc ex priore actione, 
Cic— 2. To get or come off, escape: 
haud sic auferent, Ter. — 3. To carry 
off or away, take away, snatch away : 
curas, Hor.: imperium indignis, Liv. 
— 4. To carry away, mislead: ne te 
auferant aliorum consilia, Cic— 5. 
To cease from, to lay aside, omit: 
nugas, Plaut. : aufer me terrere, Hor. 

Auf Xdena, se, /. A ufidena ; a town 
of Samnium, on the River Sagrus (novr 

Aufldlus, li, m. Aufidius ; a 
Roman name: Hor. 

AufldUS, i, m. Tlie Aufidus; a 
river of Apulia swift and violent (novr 

au-ffiglo, fugi, f ugttum, f Qgere, 3. 
v. n. and a. [for ab-fugio] L Neut.: 
To flee away: aufugit, Cic n. Act.: 
To flee from: aspectum parentis, Cic. 

Auge, es, /., Avyrj (Brightness, 
Splendour) . A uge ; a daughter of A leus, 
mother of Telephus by Hercules. 

aug-do, xi, ctum, gere (Perf. Subj. 
auxitis for auxeritis, Liv.), 2. v. a. 
and n. [akin to Or. root avy, whenc« 
av£ai-w] I. Act.: (To cause to grove; 
hence) A. To pi % oduce: quodcunque 
alias ex se res auget alitqne, Lucr. — 
B. : 1. P r o p. : To increase, augment, 



tnlerge,etc: auxeruntvolncmm victae ] 
certamine turbam, i. e. have been 
changed into birds, Ov.— 2. Fig.: a. 
To magnify, exalt, praise, extol, etc.: 
rem laudando, Cic. — b. To furnish 
abundantly with something ; to enrich, 
load, etc.: alter te scientia augere 
potest, aitera exemplis, Cic— c. To 
honour, advance, etc.: te augendum 
pntavi, Cic. — d. To foster, maintain, 
rear, etc.: aliquem, PL — 3. Mctou.: 
Relig. t. t.: a. To honour, reverence 
the gals : Val. FL— b. To loai or pile 
np an altar, etc., with offerings : 
Haut. — c. To consecrate, devote: si 
qua (sc. dona) ipse meis venatibus 
auxi, Virg. II. Neut.: To grow, in- 
crease, become greater, etc.: vera pot- 
entia, Tac. • 

auge-sco, no per/, nor sup., Sre, 
3. v. n. inch, [auge-o] To begin to 
grow ; to grow, become greater, increase: 
I. Prop.: uva et succo terrae et 
calore solis augescens, Cic. II. Fig.: 
Jugurthae et ceteris anirai augeseunt, 

Auglas (-eas, -Sas), a?, m., Au Y - 
eias, Airye'a?. Augeas; a son of Sol 
and Xaupidame, king of Elis, one of 
the Argonauts. His stable, containing 
three thousand head of cattle, uncleansed 
for thirty years, was cleaned in one day 
by Ihrcules, at the command of E'ur- 

aug-men, Tnis, n. [aug-eo] In- 
crease, augmentation, growth, etc. : 

au-gur (anciently -£r), uris, comm. 
[for av-gar; fr. av-is ; root gar; v. 
?arrio init.] (The bird-crier; i. e. the 
one who marks the cries or notes of 
birds; hence) I. Prop.: An augur, 
diviner, soothsayer (who foretold the 
future by observing the notes or flight of 
birds, the feeding of the sacred fotcls, 
certain appearances of quadrupeds, and 
other unusual occurrences)'. Cic. H. 
Meton.: One who foretells futurity by 
any means; a soothsayer, diviner, seer: 
augur Apollo, as god of prophecy, 

augilr-alis, e, adj. [augur] Of, or 
belonging to, an augur; relating to 
soothsaying or divination, augural: 
libri, Cic— As Subst.: augurale, is, 
n.: 1.: a. Prop.: A part of the head- 
quarters of a Roman camp where the 
auguries were taken: Tac— b. Met- 
on.: The genera V stent: Quint.— 2. An 
augur's wand or staff: Sen. % Hence, 
Fr. augural. 

augura-tio, onis, /. [augur(a)- 
or] A divining, a soothsaying : Cic 

augxirat-o, adv. [I. augurat-us] 
When the auspices had been taken: 

1. augtlra-tus, a, tun, P. of 
augur(a)-o and augnr(a)-or. 

2. augflr-atus, Q3, m. [augur] 
The office of an augur : Cic. 

augiLr-Iam, Ii, n. [augnr-or] I. 
Prop.: The observance and interpret- 
ation of omens, auguty: Cic. II. 
Meton. : A. Divination, prophecy, 
soothsaying, interpretation : Cic; Ov. 

B. A presentiment, foreboding of 

future occurrences: Ov. — C. A sign, \ power or dignity : Cic. ~C Thepersom 
omen, token, prognostic: PL — D. The [ belonging to tfie court, the court, courti- 
art of the augur, augury: Virg. 1f \ers: Tac 
Hence, Fr. augure. I 2. aula, v. olla. 

augtir-Xus, a, nm, adj. [angur] J aulaeum, i,n. — avkata : I. Prop.: 
Of an augur; augural: Cic. A splendidly wrought or embroidered 

augtir-O, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. \ stuff: tapestry, arras; a covering, cur- 
fid.] I. : A. Prop.: To act as augur \ tain, canopy, hangings: suspensaauiasa, 
'in any matter ; to take the auguries for j Hor. II. Esp.: A. The curtain of a 
something; to consult for something ! theatre (which, with the ancients, was 
by augury: sacerdotes vincta, virge- \ fastened below ; hence, at the beginning 
taque etsalutem populi auguranw, of a piece or an act, it was let down; at 

Cic. B. Fig.: To investigate, explore, 
examine as an augur icould do: Plaut. 
C. Meton. : To surmise, imagine, 
conjecture, forebode : si quid veri ineus 
augurat, Virg. II. To consecrate by 
auguries: in angurato templo acloco, 
Cic. % Hence, Fr. augurer. 

augilr-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[id.] I. Prop.: (To act as an augur; 
hence) A. Act.: To augur; predict, 
foretell: ex passerum numero belli 
Trojani annos auguratus est, Cic. — 
B. Neut.: To cake or observe auguries: 
in augurando, Suet. II. Fig. : To 
predict, foretell : A. Act. : Critiae 
mortem estaug-aratus,Cic — B.Neut.: 
in Persia augurantur et divinant 
Magi, Cic. III. Meton.: To surmise, 

the end drawn up) : aulaeum tollitnr, is 
raised, Cic. : mittitur, islowered,I*hscd. 
— B. A covering for beds and sofas, 
tapestry: Virg.; Hor. — C. An em- 
broidered upper garment : Juv. 

Aulerci, orum, m. The Aulerci; 
a people of Celtic GauL 

Auletos. m, m., AvAtjti}? (Flute* 
player). Auleies; the surname of the 
exiled Egyptian king, Ptolemy. 

aulTcus, a, urn, adj. = <xuAiko<?. 
Of, or belonging to, the court of a prince; 
princtly: apparatus, Suet.— As Subst.'. 
aulici, orum, m. Couriiers : Nep. <|f 
Hence, Fr. aulique. 

Aulis, Wis (Ace. Aulidem, Liv.— 
Gr. Ace. Aulida, Ov.; Aulin, Luc),/., 
AvAts. Aulis; a seaport of Boeotia, 

imagine, conjecture, suppose: A. Act.: [from which the Greek fleet set sail for 
oontentos auguror esse deos, Ov. — B. [ Troy. 

Neut.: quantum ego opinione aug- auleedus, i, m.=-a.v\<>)86s. Onewhd 
uror, Cic. | sings to the flute: Cic 

august-e, adv. [august-us] Re- \ Aulon, onis, m. Aulon; amount- 
spectfully, reverentially, reverently, ! ain and valley in Calabria, 
sacredlu: Cic: (Co?np.)"augustius, id. ] aura, a? (Gen. Sing. aurai',Virg.),/. 

1. aug-ustus, a, um,atf;'. [aug-eo] 
I. Prop.: Consecrated, devoted, i. e. 
sacred, elevated, worthy of honour, 
majestic, august : Eleu9in,Cic: templa, 
Ov.: fons, Tac II. Meton.: Vener 

= avpa. I. Prop.: A. Gen.: Theair f 
as in gentle motion ; a gentle breeze, a 
breath of air: Virg.; PL B. Esp.: 
1. The wind; a breeze, blast (even 
when strong): Virg.; Ov. — 2. Breath: 

able, magnificent, noble: (Comp.) ut Ov. II. Fig.: A. Gen.: Breath, air, 
primordia urbium augustiora faciat, \wind: Cic: tenuis famas aura, Virg. 

Liv.: (Sup.) augustissima vestis, id 
% Hence, Fr. auguste. 

2. Augustas, i, m. [1. augustus] 
Augustus; the cognomen of Octavius 
C'cesar after he attained to undivided 
authority ; and, subsequently, of all the 
Roman emperors; equivalent to Maj- 
esty or Imperial Majesty. — Hence, 1. 
Augustus, a, um, adj.'. a. Gen.: 
Of, or relating to, Augustus or the 
emperor ; Augustan, Imperial. — b. 
Esp.: Mensis Augustus, the month of 
Augustus, i. e. August ^previously 
called Sextilis), Juv. — 2. August- 
alis, e, adj. Of, or pertaining to, the 
Emperor A ugustus ; Augustan. — As 
Subst.: Augustalis, is, m. (sc. sodalis 
or sacerdos) A priest of Augustus : 
Tac— 3. August-ianus, a, um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Augustus. — As 
Subst.: August-Iani, orum, m. (sc. 
equites) Augustan or Imperial Knights: 
Suet. <f Hence, Fr. Aout, the month 
of August. 

1. aula, a?,/. (Gen. aolai, Virg.) = 
avA.7) : I. Prop.: A. A court, fore- 
court, yard, for men or cattle : Hor.; 
Prop. — B. An inner court of a house, a 
hall: Hor. U, Meton.: A. ^4 palace, 
the castle of a noble, tfie royal court : 
Virg.; Hor.— Poet.: of the cell of the 
queen -bee: Virg. — B« The princely 

B. Esp.: Breath of popular favour, 
liberty, etc.: Liv.; Virg. HI. Met- 
on.: A.: l.Gen.: The air, or atmo- 
sphere: Lucr.; Virg.— 2. Esp.: The 
atmosphere inhaled, the vital air: Virg.; 
Lucr.— B. : 1. Opp. to the earth: 
Height, heaven, the upper air: Virg. — 
2.: a. The upper world: Virg.; Ov. — 
b. Daylight, publicity: Virg.— C: 1. A 
bright light; a gleam, glittering: Virg. 
— 2. Sound, tone, voice, echo: Prop.— 
3. Odour, exhalation: Virg. % Hence, 
Fr. (old) aure. 

aur-arlus, a, um, adj. [aur-um] 
Of, or pertain ing to, avid ; golden, gold''. 
metalla, gold mines, PL — As Subst. . 
auraria, se, f. (sc. fodina) A gold 
mine Tac. 

aur-atus, a, um, adj. [id.] (Pro- 
vided or furnished with gold ; hence) 
I. Prop.: A. Rich or abounding in 
gold: metalla, Luci. — B. Overlaid, 
covered, or ornamented with gold ; giU, 
gilded: tecta, Cic: tempora, i.e. with 
a golden helmet, Virg. : milites, i. e. with 
golden shields, Liv. n. M e t o n . : Made 
of gold, golden: monilia, Ov. 

AurelIus,Ti,m. Aurelius; a Rom- 
an name.—Uence, Aureli-us, a, um, 
adj. Of, or pertaining to, an Aurelius \ 

aur$5-luB, a, um, adj. dim. [aure- 



us {uncontr. Gen.) aureo-i] I. Prop. : 
Of gold, golden: malum, Cat. — As 
Subst. : aureolus, i, m. (sc. nummus) 
A gold coin : Mart. II. F i g. : Golden, 
magnificent, splendid, brilliant, beauti- 
ful: libcllus, Oic. f Hence, Fr. 
(subst.) aurdole. 

aur-eus, a, urn (aurea, dissy.ll., 
Lucr.; Or.), adj. [aur-nm] I. Prop.: 
Of gold, golden: corona (a military 
distinction), Li v. : aurea vis, the power 
of changing eveiy thing into gold, Ov. : 
nummus, a gold coin, gold jriece (first 
struck in the second Punic war) , Cic. — 
As Subst. : aureus, i, m. {sc. num- 
mus) = aureus nummus, Suet. II, 
Fig.: A. Of physical and mental 
excellencies : Beautiful, magnificent, 
attractive, excellent, golden: mores, 
Hor. : tetas, the golden age, Ov. — B. 
Of the colour of gold, gleaming, or 
glittering like gold, golden: lumina 
solis, Lucr.: Phoebe, Virg. 111. Met- 
on. : Furnished with gold; interwoven, 
or ornamented with gold, gilded : sella, 
Cic: cingula, Virg. 

aur-I»coHi-us, a, um, adj. [aur- 
um; (i); com-a] I. Prop.: With 
golden hair: Val. PI. II. Met on. : 
With golden leaves or foliage: Virg. 

aur-iciila, se, f. dim. [aur-is] I. 
Prop. : The ear: Lucr.; Hor. II. 
Fig.: A. The ear, i.e. the sense of 
hearing, so far as it judges of the 
euphony of sounds, etc. — B. Favour- 
able attention or notice, support : Pers. 
HI. M e t o n. : The external ear, the 
ear-lap or tip of the ear: Plant.; Cic. 
*j[ Henc«, Fr. oreille, auricule. 

aur-I-fer, era, erum, adj. [aur- 
nm; (i); fer-o] 1. Carrying gold along 
with it, etc. : amnis, i. e. Pactolus, Tib. 
—2» Gold-bearing, yielding, or pro- 
ducing gold : arense, PL «J Hence, Fr. 

aur-I-fex, Tcis, m. [for aur-i-fac-s; 
fr. anr-um ; (i); fac-io] A worker in 
gold, goldsmith: Cic. 

aur-Iga (or-), se, comm. [prob. 
aurea, a head-stall ; or oreas, the bit of a 
bridle] (He who manages the head-stall ; 
— he who manages the bit of a bridle ; 
hence) 1. : a. Prop. : (a) Gen. : A 
charioteer, driver: Virg.— (b) Esp. : 
One who contended in the chariot-race; 
a charioteer in the games of the circus : 
Suet. — b. Me ton.: (a) As a constell- 
ation: The Waggoner: Cic. — (b) A 
pilot, helmsman, steersman : Ov. — 2« A 
groom, hostler : Virg. 

auriga-tlo, onis, /. [aurig(a)-o] 
A driving of a chariot in the course : 

Aur-i-gen-a, a), m. [aur-um; (i); 
gen-o] Sprung from gold; an epithet 
of Perseus, as son of Danae by Ju- 
piter when transformed into a shower of 

aur-i-ger, era, erum, adj. [aur- 
um; (i); ger-o] Bearing gold: tauri, 
*. e. with gilded horns : Poet. ap. Cic. 
«j[ Hence, Fr. auHglre. 

aurig'«o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 

[aurig-a] I. P r o p. : To be a charioteer, 

to drive a chariot, to contend in the 

chariot-race: nee ullis, nisi ex Sen- I 


atorio ordine, aurigantibus, Suet. II. 
Fig.: To rule, direct: G-ell. 

Aurinla, se,/. Aurinia; a prophet- 
ess reverenced by the Germans. 

aur-is, is, /. [for aud-is ; fr. aud- 
io] (Hie hearing thing; hence) I. 
Pro p.' : The ear: fac, sis, vacivas aedes 
aurium, make the chambers of your ears 
vacant, Plaut. : aurem dare, Cic. — 
Particular phrases: A. In or 
ad aurem, in aitre, dicere, admonere, 
etc., To say something in the ear softly 
or in secret, to whisper in the ear : Hor. ; 
Cic; Juv. — B. Aurem vellere, To pull 
the ear, as an admonition : Virg. — C. 
Dare or servire auribus, To gratify the 
ears, to flatter: Cic. ; Caes. — D. In 
utramvis or in dextram aurem dorm- 
ire, i. e. to sleep soundly, or to be uncon- 
cerned: Ter.; PI. II. Fig.: The sense 
of hearing, so far as it judges of the 
euphony of sounds : Cic. III. M e t- 
on.: A. Hearers, auditors: Hor. — B. 
The ear of the plough, the mould- or 
earth-board by which the furrow is 
widened and the earth turned back: 

aurit-ulus, i-, m. dim. [aurit-us] 
A long-eared animal, an ass: Phasd. 

aur«*itus, a, um, adj. [aur-is] 
(Furnished or provided with ears ; 
hence) 1. Prop.: Having large ears, 
long-eared : lepores, Virg. : asellus, 
v. — 2 . F i g. : A ttentive, listening : pop- 
ulus, Plaut.: quercus, Hor. — Part- 
icular phrase : Testis anritus, A 
witness by hearsay, who has only heard, 
not seen, something: Plaut. 

aur-ora, ee, f. [akin to Sanscrit 
ushas, " diluculum," from the root 
use, were; Gr. auw?, aw?, 1716?, ews] 
I. Prop.: The morning, dawn, day- 
break : rubescebat Aurora, Virg. II. 
Me ton.: A. Aurora; the goddess of 
the morning, daughter of Hyperion, 
wife of Tithonus, and mother of Mem- 
non: Virg.— B. The Eastern country, 
the East. % Hence, Fr. aurore. 

aur-um, i, n. [akin to Sanscrit 
root USH, urere] (The burning thing, 
i. e. the glittering, shining metal ; hence) 

1. Prop.: Gold: Ter.; Cic. II. Fig.: 
The colour or lustre of gold ; the glim- 
mer, gleam, or brightness of gold : Ov. 
III. Me ton.: Of things made of gold: 
A.: 1. Gen.: An ornament, imple- 
ment, or vessel of gold: Lucr. — 2. 
Esp.: a. A golden goblet: Virg. — b. 
A golden chain, buckle, clasp, necklace, 
jewellery: Ov. — c. A gold ring: Juv. 
— d. A golden bit: Virg. — e. A golden 
hair-band : Virg. — f. Coined gold, 
money: Virg.— B. The golden fleece : 
Ov. % Hence, Fr. or. 

Aurunei, orum, m. The Aurunci. 
—Hence, Aurunoa, as,/. Aurunca ; 
an old town in Campania. — Hence, 
Aurunous, a, um, adj. Of, or per- 
taining to, Aurunca; Auruncan. 

ausculta^tlo, onis,/. [auscult(a)- 
o] 1. A listening, attending to: Sen. — 

2. An obeying: Plaut. % Hence, Fr. 

ausculta-tor, oris, m. [id.] A 
hearer, listener: Cic 
auscul-to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 

intens. [for aurcul-to, contr. from 
auriciil-lto, from auricul-a] I. Prop.: 

A. Gen.: To hear with attention; to 
listen to, give ear to: populum, Cat. 

B. Esp.: 1. To listen believingly to 
something ; to give credit to a discourse, 
speech, etc.: crimina, Plant.— 2. To 
listen in secret to something,to overhear, 
lie in wait to hear: Plaut. II. Met- 
on.: A. To hear obediently , to pay atten- 
tion to, to obey: mihi ausculta, Cic. : nisi 
me auscultas, Plant,: (Impcrs. Pass.) 
ad portum ne bitas, dico jam tibi. 
Ch. Auscultabitur, you shall be obeyed, 
Plaut. — B. Of servants : To attend or 
wait at the door : jamdudum ausculto, 
Hor. % Hence, Fr. ausculter. 

ausim, v. audeo. 

Ausona, 33,/. Ausona; an ancient 
totcn of the Ausones, near Minturnce. 

Ausones, um, m. Av<roi>es. I. 
Prop.: TTis Ausones; a very ancient, 
perhaps Greek, name of the inhabitants 
of Middle and Lower Italy. — Hence, 
A. Auson-Ius, a, um, adj. Auson- 
ian.—As Subst.: Auson-ia, se, f. 
(sc. terra) The land of the Ausones, 
Lower Italy, Ausonia.—-IZ. Auson» 
Idee, arum (also, urn), m. The people 
of Ausonia. II. Met on.: The people 
of Italy, the Italians. — Hence, A. 
Aus5n-ius, a, \\m,adj. Italian, Latin, 
Roman : Virg. ; Hor. — As Subst. : 
Ausonii, orum, m. The inhabitants 
of Italy,— Ausonia, te, f. (sc. terra) 
Italy. — B. Auson^idae, arum, m. 
(also, tim) The inhabitants of Italy. — 
C. Ausonis, Wis, adj.f. Italian. 

au-spex, icis, com m. [for av-spec-s; 
fr. av-is ; spee-io] (A bird inspector, 
bird-seer, i. e. one who observes the flight, 
singing, or feeding of birds, and makes 
predictions therefrom ; hence) I. P r o p. : 
An augur, diviner, for eboder : providus 
auspex, Hor. II. F i g. : Of birds which 
supply the means of augury : A fore- 
bode?': PI. — As Adj. : Of things 
(Foreboding good; hence): Fortunate, 
favourable, auspicious, lucky: clamor, 
Claud. III. Met on.: A* An author, 
founder, director, leader, aider, protect- 
or, favourer: Cic; Hor. — B. As?, i.: 
The person who witnessed the marriage 
contract, the reception of the marriage 
portion, took care that the marriage cer- 
emonies were rightly performed, etc.; 
the bridegroom's friend : Cic 

ausplcat-o, adv. [1. auspicat-us] 
I. Prop.: After taking the auspices: 
Cic. II. Fig.: Prosperously, in good 
hour or time, auspiciously, at a fortunate 
moment: Ter. : (Comp.) auspicatius, 

ausplca-tus, a, um : 1. J», of 
auspic(a)-or. — 2. Pa.: a.: (a) Prop.: 
For which the auspices have been taken, 
consecrated by auspices: locus, Cic: 
impetus, Hor. — (b) Fig.: Fortunate, 
favourable, lucky, auspicious: (Comp.) 
Venus auspicatior,Cat. : (Sup.) agendis 
rebus hoc auspicatissimum initium 
credunt, Tac — b. Begun, commenced? 
entered upon : in bello male auspicato, 

auspioium, n, n. [auspex. auspic- 
is] (^4 thing pertaining to the auspex ; 



honce) \. Prop.: The observation of 
the birds bred for auspices, augury from 
birds, auspices: Liv. — Particular 
expression : Auspieium habere, To 
have {the right of taking) auspices: Liv. 
II. Met on.: A. A sign, or omen; a 
divine premonition or token : Cic. ; 
Prop. — Particular expression: 
Of things which give signs, tokens, 
etc.: Auspicium facere, To afford, or 
give, an omen, etc.: Cic; Hor. — B. 
Command, guidance, authority : Plaut. ; 
Hor.; Tac. — C. Right, power, inclina- 
tion, will: Virg.— -D. The beginning: 
auspicia regni, Just. If Hence, Fr. 

ausplc-o, avi, atum, arc, 1. v. n. 
and a. [id.] (To act the part of an 
auspex; hence) I. Neut.: To take the 
auspices: isti rei auspicavi, Plaut. II. 
Act.: To take as an auguiy : mustelam, 

ausplc-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[id.] (To act the part of an auspex; 
hence) I. Prop.; To make an observa- 
tion of birds, to take the auspices : Fabio 
auspicanti aves non addixere, Liv. 
II. Met on.: As the consequence of 
auspices being favourable : To begin, 
commence, undertake, etc. : jurisdic- 
tionera, Suet.: (without Object) au- 
spicandi gratia, Tac. 

au-ster, tri, m. [av-w, to make 
dry] (The diyer; hence) I. Prop.: 
A dry, hot, south wind: Cic. ; Hor. II. 
M e t o n. : The south country, the south : 
Cic. ^[ Hence, Fr. auster. 

auster-e, adv. [auster-us] Rigidly, 
severely, strictly: Cic. 

austerus, a, urn, adj. = avaTyjp6<; : 

1. Prop.: Of flavour: Harsh, tart, 
sour: vinum, Cels. : sapor, PI. II. 
Met on.: A. Of smell: Sharp, pung- 
ent: PI. — B. Of colour: Dark; dingy: 
PI. Ill, Fig.: A. Severe, rigid, strict, 
austere: (Conip.) austerior et gravior 
esse potuisset, Cic. — B. Of style: 
Severe, rough: poemata, Hor. — C, 
Severe, gloomy, dark, sad, troublesome, 
hard, irksome: labor, Hor. % Hence, 
Fr. austere. 

austr-alis, e, adj. [auster, austr- 
i] Southern : cingulus, i. e. the torrid 
zone, Cic : polus, Ov. f Hence, Fr. 

austr-mus, a, um, adj. [auster, 
austr-i] Pertaining to the south, south- 
ern : PI. ; Virg. 

au-sum, i, n. [for aud-sum ; fr. 
aud-eo] ( That which is dared or ventured 
upon boldly; hence) A venture; an 
undertaking, attempt, enterprise: Virg.; 

au-sus, a, um (for aud-sus), P. of 

ant, conj. [akin to Gr. a3, a30i, 
GVTt?, avTap] 1. Putting in the place 
of a previous assertion, etc., another 
antithetical to it : Or ; and repeated : 
aut .... aut, either .... or: omnia 
sunt bene dicenda, .... aut elo- 
quential nomen relinquendnm est, 
Cic: terra in universum aut silvis 
horrida aut paludibus foeda, Tac— 

2. To indicate that if a previous as- 
sertion should not prove true, still 


another takes, or may take, its place : 
Or at least: qurero, num. in juste aut 
improbe fecerit, or at least unfairly, 
Cic. — 3. To point out something which 
must take place, if that which is pre- 
viously stated does not : Or otherwise, 
or else, in the contrary case : nunc 
manet insontem gravis exitus : aut 
ego veri Vana feror, Virg. — 4. To 
illustrate or correct a too general, or 
inaccurate, assertion : Or rather, or 
more accurately : de hominum genere, 
aut omnino de animalitxm loquor, Cic. 
— 5. In poets : Aut . . . vel^aut . . . 
aut, or vel . . . vel : tellus aut hisce, 
vel ista,m, . . . mutando perde figuram, 
Ov. — 6. In connection with other 
particles : a. : Aut etiam, Or even 
rather, or even more accurately : Cic — 
b. Aut certe, Or assuredly at least: 
Cic. — c. For connecting a more im- 
portant thought: Autvero, Or indeed, 
or truly ; Cic. $£W In the poets 
sometimes in the second place in the 
clause : Saturni aut sacram me ten- 
uisse diem, Tib. 

autem, conj. [akin to aut] 1.: a. 
Subjoining something entirely anti- 
thetical : But, on the contrary, on the 
other hand : e principio oriuntur om- 
nia ; ipsum autem nulla ex re alia 
nasci potest, Cic — b. Subjoining 
something simply different: But, more- 
over, on the other hand, again, also, too : 
quum Speusippum, sororis filium, 
Plato philosophise quasi heredem re- 
liquisset, duos autem praastantissimos 
studio et doctrina, etc., Cic. — 2. Used 
in any kind of ' transition by which 
the disclosure is continued : But, how- 
ever, now, moreover: insidebat vide- 
licet in ejus mente species eloquentiaa, 
quam cernebat animo, re ipsa non 
videbat. Vir autem acerrimo ingenio, 
etc., Cic — 3. In subjoining a word 
repeated from a previous clause, in 
continuing a train of thought: But: 
nunc quod agitur, agamus : agitur 
autem, liberine vivamus, an mortem 
obeamus, Cic — 4, In resuming a train 
of thought interrupted by a parenthe- 
sis: But, now : omnino iliud honestum, 
quod ex animo excelso magniflcoque 
quasrimus, animi efflcitur non corporis 
viribus (exercendum, etc.): honestum 
autem id, quod exquirimus, etc., Cic. 
— 5. In enumerations, for the purpose 
of adding an important circumstance: 
But, moreover, besides, further : magnus 
dicendi labor, magna res, magna dign- 
itas, summa autem gratia, Cic — 6. 
In logical syllogisms, to subjoin the 
minor : But, noto : aut hoc, aut illud : 
hoc autem non ; igitur illud, Cic — 7. 
In impassioned questions of aay kind: 
Indeed, forsooth : quomodo autem 
moveri animus ad appetendum potest, 
si id, quod videtur, non percipitur ? 
Cic — 8. "With interjections : But : 
ecce autem subitum divortium, Cic. 
g££T In good prose writers autem 
usually stands after the first word of 
a clause ; but if several words together 
form one idea, then autem stands after 
the second or third word. 

authepsa, £e,/.=av&tyijs (A self- 

boiler). A utensil for boiling (some. 
what like our coffee-urn): Cic. 

autographus, a, um, adj.^avTA* 
ypachoq. Written with one's own hand, 
original, autograph : epistola, Suet, 
«jf Hence, Fr. autographe. 

Aut61ycus,i,m.,AuToAuKos (Very 
wolf). Autolycus: I. Prop. : A son 
of Mercury and Chione, father of Anti- 
clea, and maternal grandfather of 
Ulysses; a very dexterous robber, who 
could transform himself into various 
shapes. II. M e t o n. : A thievish man : 

automaton (-um), i, n.— a v7o- 
IxoiTov (Self- wishing or -willing thing). 
A self-moving machine, an automaton: 
Suet, «ft Hence, Fr. automate. 

AutSmSdon, ontis, m., Avto- 
fxeSoov (Self-ruler): I. Prop.: Auto- 
medon; a son of Diores, and charioteer 
of Achilles. II. Meton.: A charioteer 
Juv. ^f Hence, Fr. automMon. 

AutonQe, es, /., Avrovo-q (One 
holding her own opinion, or Obstinate 
One). Autonoe; a daughter of Cadmus^ 
wife of Aristaius, andmother ofActceon. 
— Hence, Autono-elus, a, um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Autonoe: heros, ue< 
Action, Ov. 

autor, oris, etc. ; autumnus, i, 
etc., v. auct. 

au-tumo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. «. 
[prob. akin to ai-o] (To say "aye;" 
hence) To assert, aver, affirm, state* 
etc : res, Plaut. : (with Objective clause) 
te esse Tiburtem, Cat. 

Auvona, ee, f. The Auvona ; a river 
of Britain (now the Avon). 

auxlll-aris, e, adj. [auxili-um] 
(Of ,ov pertaining fo,auxilium ; hence) 
1. Pertaining to aid ; furnishing aid, 
aiding, helping, assisting, auxiliary . 
| undae,Ov. : Dea(sc.Lucina) , id. — P a r t- 
, i c u 1 a r expression: Milit. t. t. : 
Auxiliares cohortes, etc., Auxiliary 
troops, auxiliaries : Ca3s. ; Tac. — As 
Subst. : auxiliares, mm, m.' (sc. 
milites, etc.) Auxiliaries: Cass. ; Tac. 
— 2. Of, or pertaining to, auxiliaries: 
stipendia, Tac. % Hence, Fr. aux- 
■ilia ire. 

auxn¥-ar¥us, a, um, adj. [id.] 

Pertaining to aid; serviceable for aid, 

bringing aid, helping, aiding , auxiliary * 

; magis consiliarius amicus quam aux 

j iliarius, Plaut. — P articular e x - 

■ pression: Milit. t. t. : Auxiliaria 

cohors, etc., Auxiliary troops, au%~ 

iliaries: Cic ; Sail. 

auxIHa-tor, oris. m. [auxili(a)-or] 
A helper, assistant: Tac 

auxilla-tus, us, m. [id.] A help- 
ing, aid : Lucr. 

auxill-or , atus sum, ari (Inf. Pres % 
auxiliarier, Plaut.; Ter.), 1. v. dep. 
[auxili-um] To give help ; to aid, suc- 
cour, assist: ad auxiliandum animum 
advertebant, Cass.: mihi, Cic. 

auxil-Ium, \i, n. [prob. from an 
obsol. adj. auxil-is ( = aug-s-ilis), "in' 
creasing," fr. aug-eo ; cf. pauxillus 
(/. e. pauc-s-illus) fr. pauc-us] (The 
quality of the auxilis; hence) I. Prop.: 
Help, aid, assistance, support, succour j 
auxilium sibi adjungere, Cid. Hk 



Meton. : A. Flnr. : Instruments or 
sources of aid : qimm (mare) tumet, 
auxiliis assidet iHe (sc. navita) snis, 
i. e. the rudder and other implements of 
navigation, Ov. — B. Milit. t. t. : 1. 
Mostly plur. : Auxiliary troops, aux- 
iliaries {mostly composed of allies and 
tig}U-ai*med troops) : Cass. ; Tac. ; Ov. 
— 2. Military force or power : Cass. — 
€?. Medic t. t.: An antidote, remedy, in 
Che widest sense : Cels. — D. Person- 
ified : Aid, assistance: Plaut. III. 
Fig.: Allies, confederates, auxiliaries : 
quicquid ego malefeci, auxilia mihi et 
snppetiaj sunt domi, Plaut. 

auxim, is, it, etc., v. augeo init. 

Auximum (-on), i, v. Auximum 
or Auximon; a town of the Piceni (now 
Osimo). —Hence, Auxmi-ates, lum, 
m. The inhabitants of Auximum. 

avar-e, adv. [avar-us] Covetously, 
eagerly, greedily: Cic.: (Comp.) avar- 
ius, Col.: (Sup.) avarissime, Ren. 

AvarJcum, i, n. Acaricum; a 
town of the Bituriges, in Gaul (now 
Bourges, in the De'p. du Cher). — 
Hence, Avaric-ensis, e, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Avaricum. 

avar-lter, adv. [avar-us] 1, Covet- 
ously, eagerly : Plaut. — 2. Greedily, 
gluttonously: Plaut. 

avar»itia, se,f. [id.] (The quality 
of the avarus ; hence) 1. An eager 
desire: glorias, Curt. — 2. Of possess- 
ions, etc.: omnes avaritias, every kind 
of selfishness, Cic. — 3. Greediness of 
food ; gluttony : Plaut. % Hence, Fr. 

avar-ities, ei, /. [id.] (id.) Avar- 
ice: Lucr. 

av-arus, a, ran (Gen. plur. fern. 
avarum=avararum, Plaut.) [l.av-eo] 
I. Gen.: Eager, eagerly desirous: 
agricola, Virg.: (with Gen.) avarus 
nullius, Hor. II. Esp.: Avaricious, 
covetous, greedy of money, etc.: Of 
persons or things: litus, Virg. : (Comp.) 
viveret in terris te si quis avarior uno, 
Hor.: (Sup.) homo avarissimus, Cic: 
(with Gen.) avarus pecuniae, Tac. — 
As Subst.: avarus, i, m. K sc. ho*jio) 
An avaricious man, a covetous perscrn : 
Hor. Tf Hence, Fr. avare. 

a=veho, x.i, ctum, here, 3. v. a. I. 
To bear, carrg, convey away: (with 
Ace. of place) dona domos, Li v. II. 
Pass. : To be carried atvay ; to ride or 
sail away: ab suis, Li v. 

Avella, a?, v. Abella. 

a-vello, velli or vulsi, yulsum, 
vellere, 3. v. a. I. Prop.: To tear or 
pull aivay or off; to pluck out, etc.: 
avulsum caput, Ov.: poraa ex arbor- 
ibus, Cic. II. Me ton.: To separate 
from an object by pulling ; to part or 
remove forcibly, etc. : de matris hunc 
complexu, Cic. III. Fig.: A. To 
take away by violence, to tear away : 
pretium alicui, Hor. — B. To deliver, 
set free : a tanto errore, Cic. 

a vena, as,/, [etym. dub.] I. Prop.: 
Oats: Virg.; Hor. II. Me ton.: A. 
A stem or stalk ; a strata, reed, etc. : 
pastor junctis pice cantat avenis.— B. 
Poet: An oaten pipe, pastoral or 

s?iepherd"s pipe : silvestrem tenui 
Musam meditaris avena, Virg. 

1. AVentmus, i, m.; «urn, i, n. 
[etym. dub.] The Aventine; one of the 
seven hills of Rome, extending from 
the Palatine to the Goslian Hill ; until 
the reign of Ancus Marcius, without the 
city proper.— Hence, Aventin-us, a, 
um, adj. Of Mount Aventine, Aventin- 

2. Aventmus, i, m. Aventinus; 
a son of Hercules. 

1. av-eo (.hav-), no perf., nor sup., 
ere, 2. v. a. [akin to a-w, aii-w, "to 
blow," "breathe"] To pant after, 
long for, desire earnestly, crave: valde 
aveo scire quid agas, Cic. : porto, quod 
avebas, Hor. 

2. av-eo (hav-), no perf nor sup., 
ere, 2. v. n. [prob. akin to Sanscrit 
root av, servare, tueri] To be safe, 
fortunate, happy, well, etc.: ''in class- 
ical writers only in Imperat. and Inf.) 
1. As a form of salutation : Caesar 
simul atque, Have, mihi dixit, statim 
exposuit, etc., Cic. — 2. As a morning 
greeting : et matitutinum portat in- 
eptus ave, Mart. — 3. In taking leave 
of the dead (=vale): atque in per- 
petuum frater, ave atque vale, Cat. 
% Hence, Fr. (subst.) ave. 

1. avernus, a, um, adj. — aopvoq. 
(Birdless). Without a bird : loca, where 
birds cannot live: Lucr. 

2. Avernus, i, m. (or lacus 
Avernus) [id.] (id.) I. Prop.: 
Lake Avernus, in the neighbourhood of 
Cumce, Puteoh, and Bazce, almost en- 
tirely inclosed by steep and wooded 
hills (now La go d'Averno). Its deadly 
exhalations killed the birds flying over 
it; hence in fable it toas placed near the 
entrance to the Lower World. — Hence, 

A. Avern-us, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, lake Avernus. — As Subst.: 
Averna, orum, n. (sc. loca) The 
neighbourhood of Avernus, places near 
or about Avernus : Virg. — B. Avern- 
alis, e, adj. Of, or belonging to, lake 
Avernus. II. Met on.: A. The lower 
world: Ov. — Hence, Avern-us, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, the lower 
world: Juno, i. e. Proserpine, Ov. — 
As Subst.: Averna, orum, n. (sc. 
loca) The lower world : ima, Virg. — 

B. Acheron: pigri sulcator Averni, 

a-verrunco, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. Relig. t. t.i To avei^t evil, etc.: 
Cic; Liv. 

aversa-bilis, e,adj. [avers(a)-or] 
From which one is obliged to turn away, 
abominable: Lucr. 

aver-slo, onis, /. [for avert-sio ; 
fr. avert-o] A turning away : ex aver- 
sione legatos jugular unt, from behind, 
Hirt. % Hence, Fr. aversion. 

1. aver-sor, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. intens. [for avert-sor ; fr. avert-o] 
I. To turn one's self from, to turn 
away with displeasure, contempt, 
loathing, shame, etc.; hasrere homo, 
aversari, rubere, Cic II. To avert, 
repulse, repel a person or thing from 
one's self ; to send away ; to scorn, 

refuse, decline, shun, avoid : amicum, 
Ov.: preces, Liv. 

2. aver-sor, oris, m. [for avert- 
sor ; fr. avert-o] A thief, pilferer, em- 
bezzler: Cic. 

aver-sus, a, um: (f or avert-sus) 1. 
P. of avert-o. — 2. Pa.: Turned away: 
a. Of place : On or towards the side, 
turned away or back ; on the back side, 
behind, back: et adversus et aversus 
impudicus es, Cic — As Subst.: aver» 
sum, i, n. The hinder or back part. t 
the back: Liv.; PI. — b. Turned away 
from, withdrawn from : milites aversi 
a prcelio, Cass. — c. Disinclined, alien- 
ated, unfavourable, opposed, averse, 
hostile: amici, Hor.: (Comp.) vultus, 
aversior, Sen.: (Sup.) aversissimua 
animus, Cic. 

a-verto (avor-, abv-), ti, sum, 
tore, 3. v. a. I. Prop.: A. Gen.: 
To turn away from • to avert, turn off, 
remove, etc; to remove by turning 
away : flumina avertimus, Cic : regem 
Italia, Virg. B. Esp.: 1.: a. Pass. 
in reflexive force : To turn one's self 
or go away, to depart, etc: Virg. — b. 
With Personal pi on., or simply avert- 
ere : To turn one's self away, retire, 
withdraw, etc: Cic; Plaut.; Virg. — 
2. To appropriate to one's self unlaw- 
fully, carry off, steal, divert from ita 
proper channel, embezzle, etc: pec- 
tin iam publicam, Cic II. Fig.: A.: 
1.: a. To turn away, divert, keep off 
opinionem a spe adipiscendi avertunt, 
Cic. — b. To avert, ward off, turn away: 
omen dii avertant, Cic — 2. To turn 
away, divert, withdraw or remove from 
a course of action, an intention, etc. 
pudor Hannibalem ab incepto avertit, 
Liv. — B. To make a person or thing 
averse or disinclined to or towards : 
to alienate, estrange: popularium an- 
imos, Sail. 

av-Xa,.a3,/. [av-us] I. Prop.: A 
grandmother: Plaut. II. Me ton. : 
A prejudice, as it were, inherited freua 
a grandmother : Pers. 

av-iarius, a, um, adj. [av-is] Per- 
taining to birds, of birds, bird-: rete, 
bird-net, Var.-~As Subst. : aviarium, 
li, n.: 1. A place where birds are kept; 
a poultry-yard; an aviary: Cic. — 2. 
The resort of wild birds in a forest: 

avld-e, adv. [avid-us] Eagerly 
greedily: avide pransus, Hor. : (Comp.) 
avidius, Liv.: (Sup.) avidissime, Cic 

avid-Itas, atis,/. [id.] (The qual- 
ity of the avidus; hence) I. Gen.: An 
eagerness for something ; avidity, long- 
ing, vehement desire • quas (sc. senectus) 
mihi sermonis aviditatem auxit, po- 
tionis et cibi abstulit, Cic II. Esp.: 
A. Greediness of gain, covetousness, 
avarice: Cic— B. Givediness in eating, 
voracity, voraciousness : Pi. % Hence, 
Fr. avidM. 

av-idus, a, um, adj. [1. av-eo] I. 
Prop.: A. G e n. : Longing eagerly for 
something (either lawful or unlawful ) , 
desirous, eager: avidas legiones dis- 
pertit, Tac: (with Gen., or Gerund in 
di) (Sup.) avidissimus privates gratiea, 
Sail.: videndi, Ov. B. Esp.: 1, 



Greedy of gain, avaricious, covetous: 
(Comp.) aliquantum ad rem avidior, 
Ter. — 2. Of persons : Desirous of food, 
voracious, ravenous, gluttonous: con- 
vive, Hor. — 3. Of things : Insatiable: 
mare, Lucr. : ignis, Ov. II. Meton,; 
Of space : Wide, large, vast: avido 
complexu quern tenet aether, Lncr. Tf 
Hence, Fr. avide. 

a-vi»s, is,/. (AM. Sing, both avi and 
ave) [akin to Sans, vi (neut. vay-as), 
" a bird ;" fr. root vay, " to go ;"— the 
a is probably a prefix : cf. a-pi-s] I. 
Prop.: A bird : Cic; Lucr. II. Met- 
on.: A sign, omen, portent: Liv.; Hor. 

av-itus, a, wax, adj. [av-us] 1. Of, 
or belonging to, a grandfather ; derived 
from a grandfather : possessiones, Cic. 
— 2. : a. Prop. : Of, or belonging to, 
an ancestor; ancestral: sanguine avito 
nobilis, Prop.— b. Meton.: Very old 
or ancient : merum, Ov. 

a-vi-us, a, urn, adj. [a ; vi-a] I. 
Prop. : A. That is at a distance from 
the way ; that goes out of or is re/note 
from the way; hence also, untrodden, 
unfrequented: virgulta, Virg. : montes, 
Hor. — As Subst. : avium, ti, n. A 
pathless, ov out of the way, pi ace: Vh-g.; 
Hor. — B. Of persons : Wandering, 
straying: in montes sese avius abdidit 
altos, Virg. II. Fig.: Wandering, 
erring: avius a vera longe ratione 

vagaris, Lucr. III. Meton.: Inac- 
cessible, not to be approaches avia loca, 

avoca-tlo, onis,/. [avoc(a)-o] A 
calling off from any action, care, etc., 
a diverting of the attention, diversion, 
interruption: Cic; Sen. 

a-voco, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.: I. 
Prop.: To call off ov away from: 
partem exercitiis ad bellum, Liv. II. 
Fig.: A. To call off, withdraw, remove, 
etc. : a rebus occultis philosophiam, 
Cic— B. To call offfvom an action or 
purpose; to divert, withdraw, turn 
away: aliquem a fcedissimis factis, 
Cic— C. To toithdraw by interrupting, 
to interrupt, hinder: animum, PI. — D. 
To disturb one's attention, distract: ab 
iis, quaa avocant, abductus, PI. 

a-volo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n.\ 
I. Prop.: To fly away: per aether i as 
umbras, Cat. II. F i g. : A. To flee 
away, vanish, etc. : voluptas avolat, 
Cic. — B. Of dying persons : To flee 
away, depart : Cic. III. Meton.: Of 
persons, etc. : To hasten, speed, go 
quickly away: experiar certe ut nine 
avolem, Cic. 

avul-sus, a, um, V. of avello 'cf. 
vello, init.). 

av-unculus, i, m. dim. [av-us] A 
mother's brother, maternal uncle (a bro- 
ther of the father is called patruus) : 

Cic— Particular expressions: 
1. Avunculus magnus, or major, A 
grandmother's brother, a great uncle: 
Cic — 2. Avunculus, A brother of a 
great-grandmother; a great-great-uncle. 
Tac Tf Hence, Fr. oncle. 

avus, i , m. [etym. dub.] I. P r o p.: 
A. Of persons : A grandfather: pater 
avus, proavus, abavus, atavus, trit- 
avus, Plaut. — B, Of animals : A 
grandsire: Virg. II. Meton. : An- 
cestor, forefather: Hor. % Hence, Fr. 

Axenus, I, m. adj.=a!jevo<; (In- 
hospitable). Axenus; an early appell- 
ation of the Pontus (Euxinus). 

ax-is (assis), is, m. [akin to San« 
scrit aksha, "rota," "currus;" Gr, 
a£-cof] I.: A. Pr op.: An axle-tree.: 
faginus axis, Virg. B. Meton.: A 
chariot, car, waggon: Ov.; Sen. II.: 
A. Prop. : The axis of the universe: 
mundum versari circum axem coeli, 
Cic. B. Meton.: 1. The pole: in- 
occiduus, Luc: meridianus, Vitr. — 2. 
The north pole: Cic; Virg. — 3. The 
heavens. Atlas Axem hmnero torquet 
stellis aptum, Virg. — 4. A region of the 
heavens, a clime: boreus, the north, Ov. 
III. A board or plank : Cses. f Hence, 
Fr. axe. 

Axona, te, f. Axona; a river of 
Gaul (now the Aisne). 


B, b, n, indecl. or /. The second 
letter of the Latin alphabet, express- 
ing the soft labial sound betwesn v 
and p, corresponding to the Gr. beta 
(B, ft), and briefly expressed by be. 
— At the beginning of words b is 
found only in connection with the 
consonants I and r (in pure Latin 
words) ; but in the middle of them 
it is also connected with other liqu- 
id and feeble consonants. — Before 
hard consonants b is found only in 
compounds with ab, ob, and sub, 
which prepositions alone end in a 
labial sound ; and these frequently 
rejected the labial, even when they 
were separated by the addition of an s ; 
as abspello, absporto pass into aspello, 
asporto; or the place of the labial is 
supplied by u, as in aufero, aufugio, 
for abfero, abfugio. The Gr. \p was 
represented by bs; as, a-bsis, Absyrtus, 
absinthium, and obsonium=a^/i^, v A\l/- 
vpros, a\]jiv8ioi>, b\jJioutov. — Also, 6 
before s and t was changed into p, as 
scribo, scripsi, scriptum; nubo, nupsi, 
nuptum, etc. Still the grammarians 
not rarely vary in these words between 
bs and ps.~ Of the liquids, I and r 
ptand both before and after b, but m 
(with one exception) only before it, 
and n only after it ; hence, con and in 
before b always become com and im; 
just as inversely b before n is sometimes 
changed to in. as Sanmium for Sabini- 

um; and scamnum for scabimtm, 
whence the dimin. scabellum. — B is so 
readily joined with u, that not only 
acubus, arcubus, etc., were written for 
acibus,arcibus, etc, but also contubern- 
ium was formed from taberna, and 
bubile was used for bovile, as also in 
dubius (=Soi6?, duo) a b was inserted. 
— B is rejected in uro for buro, from 
irvp, while it is retained in comburo 
and bustum. — B is reduplicated in bibo, 
from the Gr. vita, as the shortness of 
the first syllable in the preterite bioi, 
compared with dekli and stSti or stlti, 
shows ; although later bibo was treat- 
ed as a primitive, and the supine 
bibitum formed from it. — Before b, m 
was sometimes inserted ; e. g. in cumbo 
from KVTTTUi, lambo from Ad.7nrw ; in- 
versely, it was rejected in sabucus 
for sambucus. — As in the middle, so at 
the beginning of words, b might take 
the place of any other labial, e. g. buxis 
for pyxis, balcena for <}>a\aiva, carbat- 
ina for carpatina, publicus from popl- 
icus, ambo for aja<l>w. The interchange 
between labials, palatals, and Unguals, 
as glans for /SaAaj/os, bilis for fel or 
X0A17, is rare at the beginning of 
words, but more freq. in the middle, 
as tabeo from tt?«-o>, vber from ovOap, 
with which esp. the change of tribus 
Sucusana into Suburana deserves con- 
sideration. — Finally, the interchange 
of b with du at the beginning of 

; words deserves special mention, as 
duonus for bonus; Bellona for Duell- 
ona; bellum for duellum, and bis from 
\ babse (pap-) = 0a|3at or TraTrai, 
: interj. denoting astonishment or joy : 
\ Wonderful ! strange! Plaut. 
! Babylo,6nis,?;i.[prob. fromBabyl- 
| on ; whence a Babylonian, foreigner] 
| A money-changer, banker : Ter. 
I Babylon, onis,/. {Gen. Gr. Babyl- 
: onos, Claud. : — Ace. Gr. Babylona, 
! Prop.), Ba^uAwi'. Babylon ; the metro- 
'■ polis of the Babylo- Assyrian empire, in 
\ Mesopotamia, on the Euphrates; its 
! ruins are found at I Idle, in Irak Arabi. 
! — Hence, A. Babylon-ins, a, um, 
1 adj. Of, or belonging to, Babylon. — Aa 
Subst. : 1. Babylonii, orum, m. (sc. 
cives) The Babylonians.— 2. Babyl- 
on -ia, a3,/.: a. (sc.mulier) A Babyl- 
onian woman. — b. (sc. regio) The 
country ov province of Babylon, between 
, the Euphrates and Tigris ; in a wider 
sense, sts. used for all Syria, Assyria, 
and Mesopotamia (now Irak Arabi). — 
Hence, Babylon-ius, a, um, adj.: 
(Prop.: Babylonian; Meton.) (a) 
Chaldean : Babylonii numeri, Hor. — 
(b) Skilled in astronomy and astrology: 
Babylonius Horos, Prop. — c. (sc. urbs) 
(The city of) Babylon: Just. — B. 
Babylon-icus, a, um, adj. : 1. 
Prop.: Babylon ian, Babylon'ic. — Aa 
Subst.: Babylonica, orum, n. BabyU 
E 2 



enian coverings or taptstry: Lucr. — 2. 
Meton. : Chaldean: dootrina, Lucr. 
— C. Babylon-iensis, e, adj. Babyl- 

bacca, as, /. [ctym. dub.; prob. 
akin to Sanscrit root bhac, edere] 
{That which is eaten; licnce) I. Prop.: 
An edible berry: Cic. ; Virg. II. 
Meton.: A. A non-edible berry; e. g. 
of a laurel, myrtle, etc.: Ov.; PI. — B. 
From similarity of shape: A pearl: 
Hor.; Ov. «f Hence, Fr. bale. 

baccar (-char), aris, n. (bac- 
©iiaris, is,/., Pl.)=j3aKxap(-^ The 
baccar, bacchar, or baccharis ; a plant 
with a fragrant root, which yielded a 
kind of oil; ace. to some, the Celtic 
valerian: Virg. 

bacc-atus, a, urn, adj. [baoc-a] 
Set, or adorned, with pearls : Virg. 

Bacch-a, as, /. [Bdjexij] A Bac- 
cha or Bacchante; a female companion 
of Bacchus, icho, in company with 
Silenus and the Satyrs, celebrated the 
festival of that deity in a frantic 
manner: Plaut.; Cic; Ov. 

baccha-bundus, a, ran, adj. 
[bacch(a)-or] Revelling like the Bac- 
chantes, boisterous, raving : agmen, 

Bacch-anal, alia, n. [Bacch-us] 
{A thing. pertaining to Bacchus; hence) 
1. Sing.: A place dedicated to Bacchus; 
the place where the festivals of Bacch- 
us were celebrated: Plaut. ; Liv. — 2. 
Mostly Plur. : The feast of Bacchus, the 
(Gr.) orgies of Bacchus (diff. from the 
Roman festival of Liber), celebrated 
once in three years, at night: Plaut.; 
Cic; Liv. % Hence, Fr. bacchanale. 

baccha-ns, ntis, P. of baech(a)- 
or. — As Subst.: Bacchantes, mm 
or ran,/, (sc. feminas) The Bacchantes 
or Bacchce (v. Baccha) : Ov. % Hence, 
Fr. Bacchante. 

baccha-tlo, onis,/. [bacch(a)-or] 
A revelling, or raving, in the manner 
of the Bacchce : Cic. 

Bacchlad83, arum, m., BaKXidSat. 
The Bacchiadce; a very ancient royal 
family of Corinth (descended from 
Bacchis, one of the ITeraclidos) which, 
being expelled from the throne, migrated 
to Sicily, and founded Syracuse: Ov. 

BaccMcus, a, um, v. Bacchus. 

Bacchis, Mis,/., BaKxts— Baccha : 

Bacchras, a, um, v. Bacchus. 

baech-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v . dep. 
[Bacch-us] I. Prop. : To celebrate the 
festival of Bacchus : saxea effigies bac- 
chantis, Cat. II. Meton.: A. To 
revel, rave, rage, or rant, in any way : 
quanta in voluptate bacchabere ? Cic : 
non ego sanius Bacchabor Edonis, 
Hor.— B. To go or run about in a 
•wanton, wild, raving, or furious man- 
ner t por urbem, Virg. III. Fig.: Of 
things : A. To rage, rave, etc. : 1 . Of 
the wind : Thracio bacchante magis 
sub interlunia vento, Hor,— 2. Of a 
rain-storm : imber bacchatus, Val. Fl. 
—3. Of speech, etc.: quod eos, quorum 
altior oratio actioque esse ardentior, 
furore efc'bacchari arbitraretur, Cic-- 
B. To go or run" about in a wild, 

furious manner, etc : Of a rumour : 
bacchatur f ama per urbem , runs wildly, 
Virg. tglT Pass. : Of a place in which 
the orgies of Bacchus were celebrated : 
virginibus bacchata Lacasnis Taygeta, 

Bacchus, i,m.,BdKxos: I. Pro p.: 
Bacchus; a son of Jupiter and of 
Semele ; the god of wine and of poets. — 
Hence, Bacch-icus (-ins, -eus, 
-ems) , a, um, adj. Of, ox pertaining to, 
Bacchus; Bacchic. II. Meton.: A. 
The vine : Bacchus amat colles, Virg. 
— B. Wine: hilar ans con vi via Baccho, 

bacc»i£»fer, era, erum, a<#.[bacc-a ; 
f er-o] 1 . Bearing berries : hedera, Sen. 
— 2. Bearing olives: Pallas, Ov. 

Bacenis, is,/. Bacenis; a great 
forest in Germany ; ace to some, the 
Hartz forest; ace to others, the western 
.part of the Thuringian Forest. 

bacil-ltmi, i, n. dim. ffor bacul- 
lum ; fr. bacul-um] I. Gen.: A small 
staff, a wand: Cic. II. Esp. : The 
wand or staff of the Victor: Cic 

Bactra, orum,w., Ba/crpa. Bactra; 
the chief city of Bactria or Bactriana 
(now Balkh) .—Hence, Bactr-ianus, 
a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining to, Bactra. 
—As Subst.: 1. Bactriani, drum,»». 
The Hadrians.— 2. Bactrianus, i, 
m. (Prop.: A Baclrian; Meton.) The 
land of Bactriana. 

Bactrus (-os), i, m. Bactrus; a 
river near Bactra (now Balkh). 

ba-ciilTim, i, n., -us, i, m. [akin 
to /3 77, root of 0a-iVa>, j8i-;3i7-/iu] (That 
which serves for one's going; hence) 

I. Gen.:i stick, staff, as a support in 
walking : Liv. ; Ov. II. E s p. : A. An 
augural staff: Liv. — B. A sceptre: 

badizo, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v, n.—Pa8i&. To go, walk: Plaut. 

Bsebius, ii, m. Bcebius; a Roman 

'Bsecula, as,/. Bmcula; a town of 
Spain, on the borders of Bostica. 

Bsetlc-atus, a,um,a<#. [Bsetic-us] 
(Provided with Bcetican wool; hence) 
Clothed in Bcetican wool : Mart. 

Bseticus, a, um, v. Bastis. 

Bsetis, is (Ace. Baetin, Mart.: — 
Abl. : Baste, Liv.: Basti, PI.), m., Bain 9. 
Bcetis; a river in Southern Spain, called 
by the inhabitants Certis (now Guadal- 
quivir). — Hence, Bset-icus, a, um, 
adj. Of, or belonging to, the Bcetis. — As 
Subst.: Baetica, as, /. (sc. provincia 
or terra) The province of Bcetica, lying 
on the Bcetis, distinguished for its 
excellent wool (now Andalusia and a 
part of Granada). 

Bag-audoe, arum, m. Bagaudce; 
a class of peasants in Gaul, who rebelled 
in the time of the Emperor Diocletian : 

Bagous, i, -as, as, m., Baywo?, 
Baywas [orig. Persian] I. Prop.: 
Bagous ; a eunuch at the Persian court. 

II. Meton.: A guard of women : Ov. 
Bagrada, as, m., Bay pd8as. Ba- 

grada ; a river of Zeugitana, in Africa, 
near Utica (now Medscherda). 
Baise, arum, /., Baia. Baice: I. 

Prop.: A small town in Campania, on 
the coast between Cumce and Pukoli, a 
favourite resort of the Romans on ac- 
count of its warm baths and pleasant 
locality. — Hence, Bai-us (-anus), a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Baioe; 
Baian. II. Meton.: A watering- 
place: Cic; Tib. 

bajiil-o, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. [bajul-us] To bear a burden, carry 
a load: sarcinas, Phaed. 

baj-ulus, i, m. [akin to the Sanscrit 
root WAH, vehere'] (A carrier or bearer ; 
hence) He who bears burdens (for 
pay) ; a porter, carrier, day-labourer : 

balsena, a3,/.=^a'Aatj/a. Aichale: 
Ov. % Hence, Fr. baleine. 

balan-atus, a, um, at//, [balan- as] 
(Provided with balanus ; hence) A noint- 
ed or perf timed with balsam: Pcrs. 

bala-ns, ntis, P. of bal(a)-o.— As 
Subst.: (A Neater; i. e.) A sheep: 

balanus, i, /. and m.=/3a,Wo? : 
I. Prop.: An acorn: PI. II. Met- 
o n. : From similarity of shape : A. 
A date : PI. — B. A nut yielding a bal- 
sam; the Arabian behen-nut: Hor. 

balatro, onis, mi. = blatero. (A 
babbler ; hence) A jester, one who makes 
sport, a buffoon: Hor.; Lucr. 

bala-tus, us, m. [bal(a)-o] A 
bleating : agni balatum exercent, Virg. 
balb-e, adv. [balb-usjStammeringly: 

balbus, a, um, adj. [prps. akin to 
pdppaposli Stammering, stuttering : 
quum ita balbus esset, ut, etc., Cic. 

balb-utio, no perf . nor sup., ire, 
4. v. n. and a. [balb-us] I. Prop.: A. 
Neut.: To stammer, stutter: Cols. — B. 
Act.: To stutter, stammer, or lisp out 
something : ilium Balbutit Scaurum, 
he, lisping or fondling, calls him Scaur- 
us, Hor. II. Fig.: A. Neut. : To 
speak obscurely, indistinctly, or incor- 
rectly: desinant (sc. Academici) balb- 
utire, Cic — B. Act. : To stutter, 
stammer, or lisp out something : per- 
pauca balbutiens, Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

Baleares insulse, or simply Bed' 
eares,ium,/., BaAtapet?. The Balearic 
Islands, Majorca and Minorca, in the 
Mediterranean Sea. Their inhabitants 
were distinguished by the use of the sling. 
Hence, 1. Balear°is,e,ac£/. Balearic, 
of the Baleares.— As Subst. : Baleares, 
lum, m. (sc. incolas) The inhabitants 
of the Balearic Islands.— 2. Balear- 
icus, a, um, adj. Balearic. 

Ballio, onis, m. Ballio : I. Prop.: 
The name of a worthless fellow in the 
Pseudolus of Plautus. II. Meton.: 
A worthless fellow : Cic. 

ball-ista (bal-)» &> /• [0«AA-<«>3 
(The throwing thing ; hence) I. Prop.: 
The ballista; a large military engine 
/or hurling masses of stone cmd other 
missiles: Cass.; Cic. II. Meton.: 
For the missiles themselves : Plaut. 
III. Fig.: Instrument: infortunii 
ballista, Plaut. % Hence, Fr. bat- 

ballist-armm,, li, n, [ballist-a] 



(A tiling pertaining to a ballista ; hence) 
A battery: Plant. 

balneee, arum, v. balneum. 

balne-arius, a, ran, adj. [balne- 
um] Of, or -pertaining to, a bath: fur, 
lurking about baths, Cat. — As Subst.: 
balnearia, orum, n. Bathing-rooms, 
baths: Cic 

balne-ator, oris, m. [id.] A bath- 
keeper: Cic. 

bameo-lum, i, n. dim. [balneum, 
(uncontr. Gen.) balneo-i] A small bath- 
room: Juv, 

balneum (balin-), i, n. (Plur. 
mostly balneae (balin-), arum,/.; 
yet sometimes balnea, orum, n.)\ A 
bath, a place for bathing: Cic.; Liv.; 
Hor. ^[ Hence, Fr. bain. 

ba-lo(belo, Var.),avi, atum, are, 
l.v.n. [onomatop.] To cry ba; to bleat: 
tactaque fumanti sulphure balet avis, 
Ov. *lf Hence, Fr. beter. 

balsamum, i, n.=^d\crap.ov : 1. 
A f?*agrant gum of the balsam-tree, 
balsam: Virg. — 2. The balsam-tree, 
balsam-bush: Tac. 

balteus, i, m. (in poets, for the 
sake of the metre, plur. baltea, 
orum, n.) [etym. dub.] 1. A baldric 
or shoulder-belt for carrying a sword: 
Cses.; Virg. — 2. A belt or band for 
carrying a quiver : Virg.— 3. A girdle 
or belt passing round the body of per- 
sons: Ov.; Luc— 4. Of animals: The 
girth: Claud. 

Bambal-Io, onis, m. [jSa/x^aA-eit/, 
to stammer] (Stammerer or Stut- 
terer). Bambalio; a cognomen of M. 
Fulvius, the father-in-law of Antonius: 

Bandiisla, ae, /. Bandusia ; a 
pleasant fountain near Venusia, the 
birtliplace of Horace. 

Bantia, as, f. Bantia; a town of 
Apulia, in the vicinity of Venusia (now 
S. Maria de Vanze). — Hence, Bant- 
inu.s, a, urn, adj. Of, or belonging to, 

Baptse, arum, m., BaTrrcu [paint- 
ers ; ace. to others, baptists] The 
Baptce; priests of the Thracian {after- 
wards Athenian) goddess Cotylto. 

baptisterium, ii, n.=j3airTto-Trip- 
loi'. A cold plunging-bath or small 
swimmmg -place: PI. «jf Hence, Fr. 

bar&thrum, i, n.=p&pa9pov. I. 
Prop.: An abyss, chasm, gulf, deep 
pit, etc.: Virg.; Hor. II. Fig.: Of 
a greedy man : A pit : barathrum 
macelli, a pit of the provision market, 
Hor. III. M e t o n. : The lower world : 
Lucr.; Cat. 

barba, as,/.: I. Prop.: The beard. 
Of men or animals : barbam tondere, 
Cic: barba hircorum, PI. II. Met- 
o n.: Of things of a beard-like charac- 
ter: A. Of filberts: The husk: PL— 
B. Of the shoots of trees, etc. : A 
cluster: PL — C. Of a polypus: A 
feeler: PL— D. Of a cock: A wattle: 
PL f Hence, Fr. barbe. 

barbar-e, adv. [barbar-us] 1. As 

a foreigner would, in a foreign tongue: 

Plaut.— 2. Rudely, ignorantly, in an 

uncultivated way : Cic. — 3. Rudely. 


roughly, barbarously, cruelly: lasden- 
tem oscula, Hor. 

barbar-Ia, se, -es, ei,/. [id.] 1. 
A foreign country: Cic; Ov.; Hor. — 
2.: a. Rudeness, rusticity, stupidity: 
Cic. — b. Rudeness, barbarism in lan- 
guage : Cic — 3. Savageness, barbar- 
ousness, rudeness, uncivilised mannei's: 
Cic *|[ Hence, Fr. barbaric 

barbar-icus, a, ran, adj. [id.] I. 
Prop.: Of, or pertain ing to, a barbarns; 
foreign, strange, barbaric, barbarous: 
alas, Luc— As Subst.: barbaricum, 
i, n. A foreign land : Eutr. II. M e t- 
on.: Barbarian, rough, rude, unpol- 
ished: vita, Claud.; Eutr. III. Fig.: 
Inelegant, uncouth : Mart. 

barbarismus, i, ra.=/3ap/3ap«r- 
ju.05. A speaking in a foreign, i. e. 
faulty manner; a barbarism; a fault 
in language: Auct. Her. «jf Hence, 
Fr. barbarisme. 

barbarus, a, um, adj.—fidppapos. 
I. P r o p.: Foreign, strange, barbarous: 
servi agrestes et barbari, Cic. : barbara 
tegmina crurum, Virg. — A d v e r b i a 1 
expression: In barbarum . In the 
manner, or according to the custom, of 
foreigners or barbarians: Tac. — As 
Subst.: barbarus, i,m,. A foreigner, 
stranger, barbarian: barbarorum soli 
prope Germani singulis uxoribus con- 
tenti, Tac: barbarus hie ego sum, 
quia non intelligor ulli, Ov. II. 
Me ton.: A. Intellectually: Uncul- 
tivated, ignorant, ?'ude, unpolished : qui 
aliis inhumanus an barbarus, isti uni 
eommodus ac disertus videretur, Cic. 
— B. Of character : Wild, savage, cruel, 
barbarous: immanis ac barbara con- 
suetudo hominum immolandorum, 
Cic: (Comp.) sacra barbariora, Ov. 
*|[ Hence, Fr. barbare. 

barbat-tilus, a, um, adj. dim. 
[barbat-us] Having a small beard : 

barb-atus, a, um, adj. [barb-a] 
(Provided with a barba ; hence) I. 
Prop.: Having a beard, bearded: quos 
aut imberbes aut bene barbatos videtis, 
having the beard neatly trimmed, Cic : 
hirculus, Cat. — As Subst.: barbatus, 
i, m. The bearded one; i.e. a goat: 
Phaed. II. Meton.: From similarity 
of shape : A. Of fishes : Bearded: Cic. 
— B. Of nuts: Having a husk: PL — 
C. Of books : Rough, worn : Mart. 

barb-I-ger, gera, gerum, adj. 
[barb-a; (i) ; ger-o] Having a beard, 
bearded: capellas, Lucr. ^ Hence, 
Fr. bar big ere. 

barbitos, m. and/, (only in Nam., 
Ace, and Voc.) =/3apj3t7o/' (-os) : I. 
Prop.: A lyre, a lute (of a large size): 
Hor. II. Meton.: A tune played upon 
the lute : Ov. 

barb-ula, as, f. dim. [barb-a] A 
little beard : Cic. ; PL 

Barcas, as, m. Barcas; the ancestor 
of the renoxoned Barcine family, in 
Carthage, to ivhich Hamilcar and Han- 
nibal belonged. Hence, a surname of 
Hamilcar. — Hence, Barc-mus, a, 
urn, adj. Of Barcas ; or pertain ing to the 
family or party of Barcas.— Ah Subst. : 
Barcini, 5rum, m. The Barcini, 

Barce, is, /., BapKr/. Barce: 1« 
A town in the Libyan province Pentaputis, 
afterwards called Ptolemais (ace. to 
some, now Tolometa or Dolmeita; ace. 
to others, the ruins of Merdsjeh). — As 
Subst. : Barceei, orum, m. The in- 
habitants of Barce, enemies of Dido 
(poet, prolepsis): Virg.— 2. The nurse 
of Sichceus. 

Barcinus, a, um, v. Barcas. 

Bardsei (Var«), orum, m. Tlw 
Bardcei,ox Vardcei; an Illyrian people. 
— Hence, Bard-alcus, a, um, adj. 
Bardccan : calceus, a kind of soldier's 
shoe or boot ; poet, for the soldiers them- 
selves, Juv,~As Subst.: Bardaieus, 
i, m. A soldier's boot: Mart. 

bard-Itus, i, m. [bard-us] The 
fulfilment of the bard's office : Tac. 

bard-o-cileullus, i, m. [2. bard- 
us; (o); cucullus] (BardVhood) A 
Gallic overcoat (cloak), with a hood or 
coivl, made of woollen stuff: Mart. 

1. bardus, a, um, 'adj. = ppaSvg. 
Stupid, dull of apprehension : Plaut. ; 

2. bardus, i, m. [Celtic word] A 
poet and singer amongst the Gauls; a 
bard, minstrel: Luc. % Hence, Fr. 

Barine, es,/. Barine; a girl men- 
tioned by Horace. 

bar-itus (erroneously written bar- 
ritus or barditus), us, m. [from the old 
Germ, bar, baren, to raise the voice] 
The war-cry of the Germans : Tac. 

Barium, ii, n. Barium; a town of 
Apulia (now Bctri). 

baro, cnis, m. [etyfh. dub.] A 
simple foolish man ; a simpleton, block- 
head, dolt, dunce: Cic 

1. barrus, i, m. [an Indian word] 
An elephant: Hor. 

2. Barrus, i,m. Barrus ; aUoman 

bascauda, a?, /. [a British word] 
(usually considered to be) A rinsing- 
bowl, slop-basin (better prps. as ex- 
plained by the scholiasts, basket, Welsh, 
basget, basgawd : thus, prps. like enn- 
istrum, a small braided bread-basket): 
Juv. ; Mart. 

basia-tio, onis, /. [basi(a)-o] I. 
Prop.: A kissing, the act of kissing t 
Mart. II. Meton.: A kiss: Cat. 

basia-tor, oris, m. [id.] A kisser, 
one icho kisses: Mart. % Hence, Fr. 

basilica, as, v. basilicus. 

basille-e, adv. [basilic-iis] I. 
Prop. : Splendidly, magnificently \ 
roijally: Plaut. II. Meton.: Com- 
pletely, entirely: Plaut. 

basilicus, a, um, ad?'.=j3a<xiAt*d?* 
Kingly, royal, princely, splendid, m^gn • 
ificent: victus, Plaut. — As Subst.: 1, 
basilicus, \,m. (sc. j actus) =Venerc 
us, The king's throw, the best throw in 
the game of dice: Plaut.— 2. basilica, 
as, f. — fiacnhiKri (pure Latin, regia), 
A public building in the forum with 
double colonnades, which tvas used both 
for judicial tribunals and as an ex- 
change; a basilica, portico: Cic— 3, 
baslllcum, i, n. A regal or princely 
robe: Plaut. f He^ce, Fr. basilique. 



toasV-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
jbasi-um] To Kiss, to give a kiss: Cat. 
*'[ Hence, Fr. baiser. 

basis, is,/, — fida-is: 1. Of statues: 
The pedestal, foot, base. — 2. Of a build- 
ing : The foundation -walls ; Oic. — 3. 
fn mathematics : trianguli, The base 
f a triangle, Cic. f Hence, Fr. base. 

basium, ii, n. [prps., by transpos- 
ition and change of letters, for sav- 
ium = suavium] A kiss: jaotat basia 
tibicen, throws a kiss, i. e. kisses his 
lictnd, Phsed. 

Bassareus, ei, wt.,Ba<ra-apeus (One 
with a iia.a-a-a.oa, a fox or fox-skin) 
Bassareus ; a title of Bacchus. — Hence, 
1. Bassar-icus, a, um, adj. Of 
Bacchus.— 2. Bassar-is, Mis,/. A 

Bastarnse (-ernae), arum, m., 
Bao-Tapi/at. The Bastarnce or HasLrnae ; 
a German tribe, whose abode extended 
from the sources of the V stu.'a to the 
Carpates, and from the Lower Danube 
to its mouth (Podolia, Galida, Ukraine). 

Batavus, a, um, adj. Pertaining to 
Batavia; Batavian; of Holland; Dutch. 
— Hence, Batavi, 5rum, in. (sc. in- 
colas). The Batavians, Hollanders, 

Batliyllus, i, m., BddvWos. Bath- 
yllus : 1. A Samian boy, beloved by 
Anacreon. — 2. A mime of Alexandria, 
a favourite of Maecenas, and rival of 

batillum (vat-), i, n. A small 
fire-pan or chafing-dish: Hor. 

batiola, a3, /. A drinking-cup, a 
goblet : Plant. 

Battis, Tdis, /., Bar-ric Battis ; a 
female beloved by (he poet Philetas. 

battuo, v. batuo. 

Battus, i, «i., BarTo?. Battus: 1. 
The founder of Cyrene. — Hence, Batt- 
fades, 83, m. (Prop. : A descendant of tilings; hence) Materials for a dessert; 

beat-Itas, atis, /. [id.] (The con- 
dition of the beatus ; hence) Happi- 
ness, a blessed condition, blessedness: 

beat»Itudo, mis, /. [id.] (id.) 
Happiness, felicity, blessedness, beatitude: 
Cic. f Hence, Fr. beatitude. 

beat-ulus, a, um, adj. dim. [id.] 
Somewhat or rather happy : Plant. 

bea-tus, a, um : 1. P. of be(a)-o. 
—2. Pa.: a, P r o p. : (a)Gen.: Happy, 
prosperous, blessed, fortunate : illi beati, 
quos nulli metus terrent, Cic: (Comp) 
sorte beatior, Hor. — As Subst.: bea» 
? tum, i, n. Happiness, felicity : Cic. - - 
(b ) E s p. : Opulent, wealthy, rich, in good 
circumstances : (Sup.) Dionysius tyr- 
annus fuit beatissimaj civitatis, Cic. 
— b. Fig.: Of things: Rich, abund- 
ant, excellent, splendid, magnificent : 
gazse, Hor. ^[ Hence, Fr. beat. 

Bebriaoensis, e, etc., v. Bedr. 

Bebrycius, a, um, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Bebrycia (a province of 
Asia Minor, afterward called Bilhynia) ; 

Bedriacum (Bebr-, Betr-), i, 
w. Bedriacum, Bebriacum, or Betri- 
acum; a village in Upper Italy, between 
Verona and Cremona, distinguished in 
the Civil war by two important battles 
between Otho, Vitellius, and the generals 
of Vespasian (now the village of S. 
Lorenzo Guazzone). — Hence, Bed- 
riac-ensis (Bebriac-), e, adj. Of 

Belcrai, arum, m. The Belgians; 
a warUke people, of German and Celtic 
origin, dwelling in the north of Gaul. 
— Hence, 1. Belg-icus, a, um, adj. 
Belgic. — 2. Belg'-mm, \i,n. Belgium; 
the country of the Belgce. 
Belides, a3, Belis, Wis, v. Eel us. 
bell-aria, orum, n. [bell-us] (Nice 

Battus ; Meton.) An inhabitant of 
Cyrene : esp. the poet Callimachus. — 
2. A herdsman of Neleus, in the Pelop- 
onnesus, who, on account of his betraying 
a theft of Mercury, was transformed by 
him into the stone Index. 

Batiilum, i, n. Batulum; a town 
built by Vie Samnites in Campania. 

batuo (batt»), ui, no sup., ere, 3. 
v. a. and n. [etym. dub.] To strike, beat, 
hit: I. Act.: sculponeis batuatur tibi 
os. II. Nent.: Of fencing exercises: 
batuebat pugnatoriis annis, Suet, f 
Hence, Fr. battre. 

baubor, no perf., ari, 1. v. dep. 
tonomatop.] Of dogs : To bark gently 
or moderately, to yelp : Lucr. 

Baucis, Wis,/. Baucis: I. Prop.: 
The wife of Philemon. She and her 
husband gave a hospitable entertainment 
to Jupiter and Mercury when in the 
form of mortals. II. Meton.: An 
old woman : Pers. 

Bauli, orum, m. Bauli; a place 
near Baia? (now Bacolo). 

Bavins, ii, m. Bavins; a bad poet, 
contemjyorary with Virgil and Horace, 
and obnoxious to both. 

beat-e, ado. [beat-in>J Happily: 
vivere, Cic: (Comp.) beatius, Sen.: 
[Sup.) beatissime, Sen. 

s. g. fruit, sweet wine, etc; the dessert 
Plaut.; Suet. 

1 . bella-tor (old form duellator, 
Plaut.), oris, m. [bell(a)-o] (The one 
waging war; hence) I. Prop.: A 
warrior, soldier, fighting-man: Cic; 
Liv. II. Fig.: A drinking hero : 

2. bella-tor, oris, m. adj. [id.] 
That wages or carries on war ; warUke, 
war-, ready to fight, martial, valorous : 
bellator deus, the war-god, Mars, Virg. : 
equus, id.— As Subst.: (sc. equus) A 
spirited horse : Juv. 

bella-trix, icis, /. adj. [id.] I. 
Prop.: That wages or carries on war ; 
warUke, skilled or serviceable in war: 
diva, i.e. Pallas, Ov. II. Fig.. War- 
like : iraoundia, Cic III. Meton.: 
Pertaining to war ; tear-: aquilas, en- 
signs, standards, Claud. 

bell-ax, acis, adj. [bell-um] Prone 
to war, warlike, martial : gens, Luc, 

bell-e, adv. [bell-us] Prettily, be- 
comingly, finely, handsomely , delight- 
fully, etc., Cic: (Sup.) bellissime,*id. 

Bellerophon, ontis, m., BeAAepo- I 
</»»!/. Bellerophon ; a son of Glaums 
and grandson of Sisyp7ms. Having 
been sent by Proetus, at the calumnious 
instigation of his wife Sthenobcea, with \ 

a letter to Jobates, in which the Jetttef 
was requested io put him to death, hf 
received from him the commission to 
slay the Chimcera, which he executed, 
riding upon the flying Pegasus. — 
Pro v.: Anyone who cartHes a letter 
-whose contents are unfavourable to him- 
self: Plaut.— Hence,* Bell®rophont» 
eus, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Bellerophon: equus, i. e. Pegasus, Prop. 
bellic-osus, &,um,adj. [bellio-us] 
Very tcarlike, martial. I. Prop.: 
Cantaber, Hor.: (Sup.) gens bellicos- 
issirna Germanorum omnium, Ores. 
II. Fig.: (Comp.) quod multo belli- 
oosius erat, Liv. % Hence, Fr. belli- 

bell-icus (duell-), a, um, adj. 
[bell-um] I, Gen.: Of, ov pertaining 
to, war; war-: res, Cic. — As Subst.: 
bellieum, i, n. A signal for march 
or the beginning of an attack given by 
the trumpet (always in the connection 
bellioum canere): Liv. II. Esp.: 
With accessory notion of fierceness, 
etc. : Warlike, fierce in war : deus, i. e. 
Romulus, Ov. : equorum duellica proles, 

bell-i-fer, fera, ferum, adj. [bell- 
um ; (i); fer-o] Waging war, warUke, 
martial: Italia, Claud. 

bell-i-ger,gera,gerum, adj. [bell- 
um ; (i); gor-o J Waging tear, warlike, 
martial, valiant: gentes, Ov. 

bell-i-gero, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. n. [bell-um; (i); gero] To icage or 
carry on tear; to fight: I. Prop.: 
in belligerando, Cic: (Impers. Pass.) 
belligeratum est, Liv. II. Fig.: cum 
fortuna, Cic 

bell-i-potens, entis, adj. [bell- 
um ; (i); potens] Powerful o<r valiant 
in war : bellipotentes sunt magi', 
quam, etc., Enn. — As Subst.: m. (sc, 
deus) The god powerful in war; i. e 
Mars: Virg. 

bell-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. «..; anr> 
bell-or, prps. no perf., ari, l. v. dep, 
[bell-um] I. Prop.: To wage or carry 
on war, to war: cum Poenis, Cic: 
pictis bellan tur Amazones arm is V i rg. 
II. Meton.: A. To fight, contend: 
prohibent anni beliare, Ov.— B. To 
bring a war to an end, to finish a war : 
(Impers. Pass.) ne quis, quoad bellatum 
esset, tributum daret, Liv. 

Bellocassi, orum, m. The Bel- 
locassi; a Gallic people on the right 
lank of the Seine. 

Bell-ona (old form Duell-ona) 3 
a3,/. [bell-um] (The one having war ; 
hence) Bellona or Duellona ; the god- 
dess of war, and sister of Mars. 
bellor, ari, v. bello. 
Bellovaci, oi*um, m. The Bellovuci ; 
a people of Gallia Betgica. 
bellua, se, bellualis, e, etc. , v. bel. 
bell-ulus a, um, adj. dim. [bell- 
us] Pretty, elegant, lovely: Plant. 

b-ellum (old form du-ellum) ; 
i, n. [du-o] (A contest between two par- 
ties ; hence) I. Prop.: War, warfare: 
jam ass atque ferrum, duelli instru» 
menta, non fani, Cic: inferre alicui, 
to make war upon one: Cic — Part- 
icular expressions: Belli ot 



bello, In war: Cic; Ov. II. Fig.: 
Contention, hostility, quarrel, etc.: 
rvuror cur philosophise prope bellum 
indixeris, Cic. III. Met on.: A 
combat, fight, battle: eb tan turn bella 
timerem, Ov. 

belluosus, a, urn, v. beluosus. 

bel-ius, a, um, adj. [for ben-lus ; 
fr. ben -us = bonus] 1. Of pei'sons: 
Pretty, luindsonie, charming, fine, 
lovely, neat, agreeable, etc.: bella pu- 
ella, Ov.: {Sup.) Cicero bellissimus 
tibi salutem plurimam dicit, Cic. — 2. 
Of things ; a. Friendly, cheerful ; frons 
ac vultus, Cic. — b. Active, brisk, lively, 
as the effect of health, etc.: fac bellus 
rcvertare, Cic. — 3. Delightful, beauti- 
ful, pleasing, excellent : recordor, quam 
bella civitas fuit, in what a pleasant 
condition the state was, Cic— As Subst.: 
bella, orum, n. Beautiful things: 
Cat. m Hence, Fr. beau, bel, belle. 

bel-ua (bell-),ae,/. [prps.akin to 
Grip, fera] I. Prop.: A. A beast, di- 
stinguished for size or ferocity ; a mon- 
ster ; as an elephant, lion, wild boar, 
whale, dolphin, etc.: elephanto belua- 
rum, nulla prudentior, Cic. — B. A 
beast, animal (even of small and tame 
animals): quantum natura hominis 
pecudibus reliquisque beluis antecedat, 
Cic. II. Fig.: A. A monster: quanta 
belua esset imperium, Suet.— B. As a 
term of reproach : Beast, brute: quid 
ego hospitii jura in hac immani belua 
comracmoro? Cic. 

belu-atus (bell-), a, um, adj. 
[belu-a] (Provided with beluaj ; hence) 
Ornamented ax embroidered with figures 
of animals: tapetia, Plaut. 

belti-osus (bell-), a, um, adj.[id.] 
Abounding in beasts or monsters . Oee- 
anus, Hor. 

BeTus, i,m., BvjAos. Belus :1. An 
Asiatic king of a primitive age, builder 
of Babylon, and founder of the Ba- 
bylonian empire. — 2. An Indian deity, 
resembling the Greek Hercules. — 3. A 
ling in Egypt, father of Danaus and 
JBgyptus. — Hence, a. Bel-Ides, se, m. 
A male descendant of Belus: surge, 
age, Belide, de tot modo fratribus 
unus, i. e. Lynceus, son of JEgyptus, 
Ov.- b. Bel-is, idis,/. A female de- 
scendant of Belus. — Plur.: The grand- 
daugh ters of Belus ( = Danaides) : O v. 

Benacus, i, m. Benacus; a deep 
and rough lake in Gallia Transpadana, 
near Verona, through which the Mincius 
(Mincio) flows (now Lago di Garda). 

ben-e, adv. [ben-us = bonus] Of 
every kind of excellence : Well, beauti- 
fully, ably, rightly, honourably /favour- 
ably, prosperously, etc. : ager bene cult- 
us, Cic: (Comp.) canere melius, Virg.: 
(Sup.) Jo vein Phidias optime fecit, 
Quint. — Particular combina- 
tions or expressions : 1. With 
certain Verbs : a. Bene, etc. , dicer e : 
(a) To speak well, sensibly, correctly : 
Ter.; Hor.— (b) To use words of good 
omen: Plaut. — b. Bene, etc., f acere : 
(a) To do or make something well or 
rightly; to do well in something : Cic; 
Ter. — (b) Bene facis, bene fecisti, 
bene factum, etc. (a formula for ex- 

pressing gratitude or joy): Very well, 
excellent, well done, 1 am greatly obliged: 
Plaut.; Ter. — c. Bene, etc., esse: To 
be well with one ; to go well, be fortun- 
ate: Hor.— Particular phrases: 
(a) Aliqua re bene esse alicui, To be 
■well with one in respect of something, to 
treed one's self to: Hor.— (/3) Bene, 
etc. , est habet, It is well, it goes well, 
all is prosperous, J desire nothing more: 
Plaut.; Cic- d. Bene, etc., emere, To 
buy well, i. e. cheap : Plaut. — e. Bene, 
etc., vendere, To sell well, i. e. high or 
dear: Plaut. — 2. With Adjj., adov., 
etc, to enhance the idea expressed by 
them: Very, right, extremely: pectus 
bene fidum, Hor: bene penitus, Cic — 
3. In elliptical expressions : optime- 
que in Verrem Cicero (sc. dicit) , Quint. 
— 4. As an exclamation of approba- 
tion, applause: Good! excellent! bravo! 
Cic. — 5. Health to you! your health, 
etc :^ Plant.; Ov. % Hence, Fr. bien. 

bene-dico (or separately, bene 
dico), dixi, dictum, diccre, 3. v. n. 
To speak well of; to commend, praise : 
Cic^ Hor. 

benedic-tum, i, n. [benedic-o] A 
speaking in, praise of any one ; a com- 
mending ; praise, commendation : Plaut. 

bene-facio (or separately, bene 
facio), feci, factum, facere, 3. v. n.; 
Pass., bene-rlo, prps. no perf., fieri, 
To do good; to benefit, show favour: 
ingratis, Liv. 

bene-fac-tum,i,n. [bene ; fac-io] 
1. (A thing well performed ; hence) A 
good, honourable, praiseworthy act ; 
good, honourable action; heroic deed: 
Cic; Ov. — 2. (A doing good to a per- 
son ; hence) A benefit, kindness: Cic. 
Hence, Fr. bienfait. 

beneflcent-ia [from obsol. ben- 
eficens, beneficent-is ; v. beneficus, 
init.] (The quality of t/ie beneticens; 
hence) Kindness, beneficence, honour- 
able and kind treatment of others : Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. (old) beneficence. 

beneficentior, us, beneficentis- 
simus, a, um, v. beneficus, init. 

benef lel-arlus, a, um, adj. [bene- 
fici-um] Pertaining to a favour: res, 
Sen.— As Subst.: beneficiarii, orum, 
m. (sc. militcs) Milit. t. t: Soldiers 
who, through the favour of their com- 
mander, were exempt from menial 
offices (throwing up intrenchments, 
procuring wood and water, foraging, 
etc.); free ox privileged soldiers: Cegs. 

bene-fic-Imn, Ti, n. [<" bene- 
fac-ium ; fr. bene ; fac-io] (A doing 
good; hence) I. Gen.: Kindness, fav- 
our, benefit, service : Cic ; Ter. — 
Particular expression: Bene- 
Jicio, Through favour, aid, support, 
mediation: Ter.; Cic. II. Esp.: A.: 
I. Polit. t.t.: A distinction proceeding 
from authority; a favour: Cic. — 2. 
Of a military promotion : Liv.; Tac — 
B. A privilege, right: liberorum, ex- 
emption from the office of judge, in 
consequence of having a certain number 
of children, Suet, % Hence, Fr. benefice. 

bene-fli-us. a, um, adj. (irreg. 
Comp. and Sup. beneficentior, benefic- 
entissimus) [for bene-fac-us ; fr. id.] 

Generous, liberal, beneficent, obliging 
favourable : beneficus in suos amicos, 

Bene -ven -turn, i, n. [bene ; ven- 
io] ( Well come to or arrived at). Bene* 
vent u in; a very ancient city of the Hirpini % 
in Samnium ; in early times called, from 
its unwholesome atmosphere, Alaleven- 
tum (now Benevento). — Hence, Ben» 
eventanus, a, um, adj. Of Ben- 
event um. 

benevol-e, adv. [benevol-us] Ben- 
evolently, kindly : Cic 

bene-volens, entis, adj. Wishing 
well or favourably ; benevolent, fav- 
ourable, kind, obliging : cum dis 
benevolentibus, Plaut.: (Sup.) bene- 
volentissimus, Cic: (Comp.) benevol- 
entior tibi, id. — As Subst. : A well- 
wisher, a friend: Plaut. *[f Hence, 
Fr. bienvcillant. 

benevolent-la, ee,/. [benevolens, 
benevolent-is] Friendly disposition, 
good-will, benevolence, kindness, favour, 
friendship: Caas.; Cic *$ Hence, Fr. 
bienveil lance. 

bene-vol-us, a, um, adj. [bene; 
vol-o] I. Gen.: Well-wishing, bene- 
volent, kind, friendly, favourable: ut 
benevolos beneque existimantes effici- 
amus, Cic II. Esp.: Of servants: 
Well disposed, devoted, yielding willing 
service : servus domino benevolus, Cic. 

benign-e, adv. [benign-us] 1« 
Prop.: In a friendly manner, kindly, 
courteously, benignly: benigne viam 
monstrare, Cic — Particular 
phrases: A. Benigne dicis ot 
simply benigne (used colloquially in 
thanking one for something, both 
when it is token and when it is re- 
fused ; the latter a courtly formula) 
i'ou are very kind or obliging, I thank 
you very much, am under great obliga- 
tion; no, J thank you: Plaut.- — B. 
Benigne facere, To act kindly, to do 
a favour, etc.: Cic. II. Me ton. : 
Abundantly, liberally, generously, will- 
ingly: (Comp.) benignius Deprome 
quadrimum, Hor. 

benign -itas, atis, /. [id.] (The 
quality of the benignus ; hence) I, 
Prop.: Of moral feeling or behav- 
iour: Affability, kindness, friendliness, 
benevolence, benignity, mildness: Cic; 
Tac II. M e t o n. : Of actions : Bene- 
ficence, kindness, bounty, favour: Cic; 
Hor. % Hence, Fr. binignM. 

ben-ignus, a, um, adj. [be-nus= 
bonus] (Born good; hence) I. Prop.: 
Of persons as to feelings or behaviour: 
Good, kind, friendly, pleasing, favour- 
able, mild, benignant: comes, benigni, 
faciles, suavos homines esse dicuntur, 
Cic II. Me ton. : A. Beneficent^ 
obliging, that gives or imparts freely, 
liberal, bounteous, etc: (Cotnp.) qui 
benigniorcs volunt esse, quam res 
patitur, peccant, Cic— B. Prodigal, 
lavish: atque est benignus potius, 
quam frugi bonoa, Plaut. HE. Fig.: 
Of things: A.: 1. Friendly, favour- 
able, pleasant, mild: oratio, Cic— 2, 
Lucky, propitious, favourable: dies, 
Stat. — B. Bestowing liberally, abfitid* 
ant, fruitful, fertile, copious, rich: 



ager, Ov.: (Sup.) benignissimum in- 
vent um, PL % Hence, Fr. ben in, 
(fem.) be'nigne. 

foeo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. [prps. 
ukin to Gr. ed, the primitive of benus 
.= bonus] To make happy, bless, gladden , 
rejoice, refresh : sen te bearis Interiore 
nota Falerni, Hor. — P articular 
phrase: Beas or beasti, You delight 
vie, 1 am rejoiced at that: Plaut.; Ter. 
berfoex, v. vervex. 
BSrecyntns, i, m., BepeKwrog. 
Berecyntus; a mountain in Phrygia, 
sacred to Cybele, on the River Sangarius. 
—Hence, Berecynt-ras, a, urn, adj. 
Of, or pertaining to, Berecyntus ; Bere- 
cyntian. — As SubsL: Bereeyntia, as, 
/. (sc. dea or mater) The Berecyntian 
goddess or mother; i.e. Cybele: Virg. 
—Hence, Bereeynt-ius, a, um, adj. 
Of, or pertaining to, Cybele: tibia, a 
curved Phrygian flute (originally em- 
ployed only in the festivals of Cybele), 

Berenice, es, /., BepevUy}. Bere- 
nice: 1. A daughter of Ptolemy Phila- 
delphvs and Arsinoe, and wife of her 
own brother, Ptolemy Euergetes; her 
beautiful hair (Coma or Crinis Bere- 
nices) was placed among the constell- 
ations. — Hence, Berenic-eus, a, ran, 
adj. Of Berenice. — 2. The daughter of 
Herod Agrippa I., and the sister of the 
younger Agrippa. 

Beroe, es, /., Beporj. Beroe: 1. 
The nurse of Semele. — 2. One of the 
Oceanidce. — 3. The wife of Dory cl us of 

Berones, um, m. TheBerones;a 
powerful people in Hispania Tarracon- 

beryllns, i (Ace. Gr. beryllon, 
Prop.), f.—firipvWos : I. Prop.: A 
beryl ; a precious Indian stone of a sea- 
green colour: Juv. II. Me ton.: A 
ring with a beryl: Prop. % Hence, 
Fr. Uryl. 

Berytus, i, /., Btjputo?. Berytus; 
a sea-port of Phoenicia, distinguished 
for its excellent wine; as a Roman 
colony, called Felix Julia (now Beirut). 
b-es, bessis, m. [for bi ; as] I. 
Prop.: Two thirds of a unit (the as) ; 
as a coin ; or, before money was coined, 
as a weight, measure, etc.: Cic. — As a 
weight = 8 ounces : PI. II. M e t o n. : 
for Eight: Mart. 

bess-alis, e, adj. [bes, bess-is] 
(Pertaining to bes ; hence) Pertaining 
to eight: scutula, i. e. eight inches long, 

Bessi, orum, m. TheBessi; a savage 
and marauding people in the north- 
sastern part of Thrace.-— Hence, Sess- 
ions, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
the Bessi; Bessie. 

bestia, a?,/.: I, Prop.: A. Gen.: 
A beast, creature, animal: Cic; Liv. 
B. Esp.: A beast destined for the public 
contest with gladiators or criminals 
(lions, tigers, panthers, etc.) : Cic. ; 
Suet. II. Fig.: As a term of re- 
proach : A beast: Plaut. % Hence, 
Fr. bUe. 

besti-arlus, a, um, adj. [besti-a] 
Of. or pertaining to, beasts; Indus, a 


fight of or with beasts, Sen,— As Subst.: 
bestiarius, li,m. One who fights with 
wild beasts in the public spectacles: Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. besliaire. 

besti-ola, se,f. dim. [id.] A little 
beast, a small animal : Cic. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. bestiole. 

1. beta, 93, /. A tender kitchen 
vegetable, the beet: Cic. 

2. beta, n. indecl., /3t)to. : I. Prop.: 
Beta; the Greek name of the second 
letter of the alphabet : Juv. II. Met- 
o n. : The second in a thing (as alpha is 
the first) : Mart. 

be-to (bl«), noperf. nor sup., ere, 
3. v. n. [akin to /3d-a>, jS^-ju,t] To go: 
ad me, Plaut. 

Betriacnm, i, v. Bedriacum. 

bi, y. bis. 

BI-anor, oris, m. [0«*: cu-Tjp] 
Bianor: 1. A Centaur, slain by Theseus 
at the marriage festival of Pirithous, 
2. An ancient hero, the founder of 

Bias, antis, m., Bias. Bias; a 
Greek philosopher of Priene, one of the 
seven wise men. 

bibli'opola, se, m.—fit,p\ioTrh>\7)<;. 
A bookseller: PI. % Hence, Fr. biblio- 

bibliotheca, se (-e, es, Cic),/.= 
fiifiXioOriKr! : I, Prop. : A library, a 
book-room : Cic. II. Meton.: A. A 
library, a collection of books : Cic. tf 
Hence, Fr. bibliotheque. 

biblus, i,/.=j8i'/3Aos(|3vj8Aos). The 
papyrus, growing in the Nile, from the 
inner bark of which paper was made: 
fltimineaj, Luc. 

bi-bo, blbi, no sup., bTbere, 3. v. a. 
[akin to Sanscrit root pa ; Gr. 7ri-«/w] 
I. Prop.: To drink from natural 
thirst : aquam turbidam bibere, Cic: 
ut gemma bibat, Virg. — P articular 
phrases and expressions: A. 
Bibere dare or ministrare, To give to 
drink (a G racism): Plant.; Cic — B. 
Bibere nomen alicujus, To drink one's 
name, i. e. to drink as many cups as 
the name contains letters ; Mart. — C. 
Bibere Grasco more, To drink after the 
Greek fashion, i. e. to pledge one; to 
drink to one: Cic— D. Aut bibat aut 
abeat, Let him quaff or quit! Cic. — E. 
Bibere flumen, etc., To drink of a 
river, etc; i. e. to dwell or live by or 
near a river, etc.: Virg.; Hor. II. 
Fig.: A. To inhale, breathe in: fuli- 
ginem lucubrationum, Quint. — B. To 
suck in, absorb : justitias haustus, 
Quint. — C. Of: attentive listening: 
Bibere aure or auribus, To drink in 
with the ear or ears : Hor. ; Prop. Ill, 
Meton.: A. Of things: To imbibe, 
drink in : claudite jam rivos, pueri ; 
sat pratabiberuntjVirg.: bibitingens 
arcus, i. e. the rainbow, id. — B. To bring 
or draw forth a liquid, and thus to 
drink: hasta bibit cruorem, Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. boire. 

Bibracte, is, n. Bibracte ; the chief 
town of the JSdui, afterwards Augusto- 
iunum (now prob. Autun en Bour- 

Bibrax, actis, n. Bibrax; a town 
of Gaul, in thQ territory of the liemi 

(ace to some, the present Bihvre; ao$ 
to others, Braine). 

Bibroci, orum, m. TJie Bibroci; & 
British people. 

blb-ulus, a, um, adj. [bib-o] I, 
Prop.: Drinking readily, freely: (with 
Gen.) bibulus Falerni, H< r. II. 
Fig.: Of the hearing : Drinking in : 
aures, i. e. listening, Pers. III. Met- 
on.: Of things: That draws, sucks in, 
or absorbs moisture: arena, Virg. 

bi-cep-s, cipitis, adj. [for bi- 
capit-s ; fr. bi ; caput, capit-is] I, 
Prop.: Having two heads, two-headed: 
puella, Cic II. Meton.: 0*" mount- 
ains: With two summits: Parnassus, 
Ov. «1 Hence, Fr. biceps. 

bi-clin-mm, ii, n. [vox hibrida ; 
bi ; /cAiV-w, "to recline"] (A thing 
for twofold reclining ; hence) A dining 
couch for ttvo persons : Plaut. 

bl-color, oris, adj. Of two colours, 
tico-coloured : bacca, Ov. % Hence, 
Fr. bicolore. 

BI-cornifger, eri, m. The one 
bearing two horns, the two-horned god 
(i. e. Bacchus) : Ov. 

bi-corn-is, e, adj. [bi ; corn-u] I. 
Prop.: Having two horns ; two-horned: 
caper, Ov. II. Meton.: Having two 
points : f ureas bicornes, Virg. % Hence, 
Fr. bicorne. 

bi-dens, entis (AM. : bidenti, Lucr. : 
bidente, Tib.: — Gen. Plur.: bider.tuim, 
Hor.: bidentum, Ov.), adj.: I. Prop.: 
With two teeth : arnica, i. e. anus, Auct. 
Priap. — As Subs/.: bidens, entis, /. 
(sc. victima or bestia) A. Prop.: An 
animal (sheep) for sacrifice, a victim; 
so called, either because it had " two 
teeth " more prominent than the rest ; 
or, "the two rows of teeth" com- 
plete: Virg.; O v.— B. Without refer- 
ence to sacrifice : A sheep: Phred. II. 
Meton. : With two points, two-toothed, 
two-pronged: forfex, Virg. — As Subst.: 
bidens, entis, m.: A. Prop.: A hoe 
or mattock, with two iron teeth (for 
breaking the. clods and heaping the earth 
around plaids): Virg. B. Meton.: 
For Agriculture : Juv. % Hence, Fr. 

bldent-al, alis, n. [bidens, bident- 
is] (.4 thing pertaining to a bidens ; 
hence) Relig. t.U: A bidental; i. e. a 
place where a sheep was offered. This 
name was given to a spot at which any one 
had been struck with lightning, or been 
killed by lightning and buried. It was 
consecrated by the haruspices, and in- 
closed: Hor. % Hence, Fr. bidental. 

Bidis, is,/. Bidis; a small town of 
Sicily.— Hence, 1. Bid-ensis, e, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Bidis. — 2. Bid-ini, 
orum, m. The inhabitants of Bidis. 

bl-diius, a, um, adj. '[for bi-di- 
vus; fr. bi ; di-es] Of, or continuing, 
two days : tempus, Liv. — As Subst. : 
bidiinm, ui, n. (sc. tempus) A period 
or space of ttvo days : Cees. ; Cic 

bi»enn-ius, a, um, adj. [for bi- 
ann-ius ; fr. bi ; ann-us] Of, or belong- 
ing to, tiro years: spatium, PI. — A% 
SubsL: bienninin, ii, n. (sc. tempus 
or spatium) A period or space of tw-t 
>'s: Cses.; Cic. 



bifa,r3-am, adv. [bifari-us, two- 
'old] Two-fold, double, in two icatjs, in 
two parts, in two places, twice, etc.: 
Cic; Liv, 

bi«fer, fera, ferum, adj. [bi ; fer-o] 
Bearing fruit, etc., twice a year : arbor, 
Var.: brferique rosaria Preesti, Virg. 
% Hence, Fr. bifere. 

bi-fid«us, a, urn, adj. [bi; fl(n)d- 
o] Cleft or divided into two parts: 
pedes, Ov. *jf Hence, Fr. bijide. 

M°foris,e, adj.: I. Fro p.: /laving 
hco doors or door-leaves : bifores valvse, 
Ov. II. Met on.: Twofold, double: 
biforem dat tibia cantum, Virg. 

bi-form-atus, a, una, adj. [bi ; 
form-a] (Provided with a double form; 
hence) Double-formed, tioo-shaped: 
Poet. ap. Cic. 

bl-form-is, e, adj. [id.] Double- ov 
two formed, two-shaped ; I. Prop.: 
Minotaurus, Virg. II. Fig.: Of a 
poet (as man and swan) : vates, Hor. 
f Hence, Fr. biforme. 

bl-frons, ontis, adj. With two fore- 
heads; or, in a wider sense, with two 
faces, an epithet of Janus : Virg. 

M-furc-us, a, urn, adj. [bi; furc-a] 
Having two prongs or points; two- 
pronged ; two-forked : Ov. ; Liv. % 
Hence, Fr. bifurque. 

bi-gse, arum : also -a, a3,/. [contr. 
from bi-jngae,v. bijug-us] (The double- 
yoked; hence) I. Prop.: A pair of 
horses yoked together by a cross-bar : 
Cat.; Virg. II. Me ton. : A car or 
chariot drawn by two horses: Virg.; 

big-atus, a, urn, adj. [big-oe] (Pro- 
vided with bigas; hence) Bearing the 
figure of a bigas : (only of coin) arg- 
entmn, Liv. — As Subst.: bigatus, 
i, m. (sc. nummus) A silver coin with 
the stamp of the bigre : Liv.; Tac. 

Bigerrlones, ura, m. The Biger- 
riones; a Gallic people (near mod. 
Bigorre, Dip. des Hautes Pyrindes) . 

bl-jiig-is, e, adj. [bi; jug-um] 
(With double yoke; hence) Yoked two 
together: equi, Virg. 

bl-jug-us, a um, adj. [id.] (With 
double yoke; hence) Yoked two toge- 
ther : leones, Virg. : equi, Mart.: ccrt- 
amen ( = bigarum), the contest with the 
bigas,Virg. — As Subst.: bijugi, orum, 
m. (sc. equi) Two horses yoked abreast: 
telo admonuit bijugos, Virg. 

bi -libra, a3, /. Two pounds : Liv. 

bllibr-is, e [bilibr-a] 1. Of two 
pounds, weighing two pounds: mullus, 
Mart. — 2. Containing two pounds: 
cornu, Hor. 

bi-lingu-is, e, adj., -us, a, um 
[bi ; lingu-a] (Double-tongued ; hence) 

I. Prop.: With ox having two tongues: 
Of lovers kissing each other : Plaut. 

II. Fig.: Double-tongued, hypocritical, 
deceitful, false, treacherous: domum 
timet ambiguam Tyriosque bilingues, 
Virg. III. Me ton. : Speaking two 
languages: Canusini more bilinguis, 
Hor. ^[ Hence, Fr. bilingue. 

bilis, is (Abl. bili, Cic; bile, Hor.), 

f. [akin to f el and Y0A77] I. Prop.: 

Bile (the bilious fluid, while fel is the 

vessel in- which the fluid is contained): 


Cic; Cels.; PI. II. Fig. : A. Anger, 
wrath, choler, ire, spleen, displeasure, 
indignation: Plant.; Cic — B. Atra 
(or nigra) bilis : 1 . Black bile, for 
melancholy, sadness, dejection : Cic. — 
2. Rage, fury, madness : Plaut. % 
Hence, Fr. bile. 

bi-lix, icis, adj. [for bi-lic-s ; fr. 
bi ; lic-ium] With a double-thread, tivo- 
threacled: rumpitque inflxa biiicem 
Loricam, Virg. 

bl-lustr-is, e, adj. [bi ; lustr-um] 
Containing two lustra, i. e. ten years ; of 
ten years' duration: bellum, Ov. 

b-f-mar-is, e, adj. [bi; mar-e] 
P&'taining to a double sea, i.e. lying 
between two seas : Corinthus, Hor. 

bl-maritus, i, m. (One who is 
twice over a husband ; hence) The hus- 
band of two wives; Cic. 

bi-matr-is, e, adj. [bi ; mater, 
matr-is] Having two mothers (epithet 
of Bacchus) : Ov. 

bi-membr-is, e, adj. [bi ; mem- 
br-um] Having double members: puer, 
half man, half beast, Juv. — As Subst.: 
bimembres, Turn, m. The Centaurs: 

bi-ines-tris, e (Abl. bimestri, 
Hor. ; bimestre, Ov.), adj. [for bi- 
mens-tris ; fr. bi ; mens-is] Of two 
months' duration, of two months: sti- 
pendium, Liv. : porcus, two months old, 

bim-iilus, a, um, adj. dim. [bim- 
ns] Two years old: puer, Cat. 

bi-mus, a, um, adj. [bi=bis] Tico 
years old, of two years, continuing two 
years: una veterana legio, altera bima, 
octo tironum, Auct. ap. Cic. — Part- 
icular phrase: Bima sententia, 
The vote concerning the continuance of 
provincial governmentfor two years: Cic. 

bi-ni, S3, a (in the sing, only twice 
in Lucr.: — Gen. Plur. freq. binum, 
PL), num. distrib, adj. [id.] I. Prop,: 
Two distributively ; two apiece for each: 
describebat censores binos in singulas 
civitates, Cic. II. M e t o n. : A. Two : 
1. With substantives plural only, or 
with those which have a diff. signif. 
in the plur. from the sing.: bina? 
literse, Cic: bina castra, id. — 2. Of 
things that are in pairs or double: 
bovcs bini, a pair or yoke of oxen, 
Plaut.: binos (sc. scyphos) habebam, a 
pair, (of goblets) two of like form, Cic: 
bina hastilia, Virg. — As Subst. : bina, 
orum, n. Two parts : Lucr. — B . Sing. : 
Two-fold, double: corpus, Lucr. 

bl-noct-Ium, li, n. [bi; nox, 
noct-is] (A thing pertaining to a two- 
fold night ; hence) A period or space of 
two nights; two nights: Tac. 

bi-nomin-is, e, adj. [bi ; nomen, 
nomin-is] Having two names • Ascanius 
(also called lulus), Ov. 

binus, a, um, v. bini. 

Bion (»o), 6nis, m., BiW. Bion or 
Bio; a witty philosopher of the Cyrenaic 
School. — Hence, Bion»eus, a, um, 
adj. (Prop.: Bionian; Meton.) Witty, 
satirical, sarcastic. 

| bi-palm»is, e, adj. [bi ; palm-us] 
| (Pertaining to two palmi ; hence) Two 
I spar,?- long or broad; spiculum, Liv. 

bl-partio, no perf., Ttum, Tre, 4, 
v. a. To divide into two parts, to bisect: 
genus bipartitum, Cic. 

bipartit-o (Mpert-), adv. [bi- 
partit-us] In two parts or divisions ; in 
two ways, in a two-fold manner: Cic. 

biparti-tus, a, um, P. of biparti-o. 

bl-patens, entis, adj. Opening in 
hco ways, open in two directions ; porta?, 

bi-ped-alis, e, adj. [bi ; pes, ped- 
is] (Pertaining to tu -o feet; hence) Two 
feet long, wide, or thick; measuring 
two feet, etc.: trabes, Cass.: sol, Cic. 

bipemi-i-fer, fera, ferum, adj.[bi 
penn-is ; (i) ; fer-o] Bearing a twc 
edged axe : Lycurgus, Ov. 

bi-penn-is, e (Ace. /Stng^bipenn- 
em, Virg.: bipennim, once in Ov. : — 
Abl. Sing, regular, bipenni, Virg. : 
bipenne, once, Tib.) [bi ; penn-a] adj. 
Having two edges, two-edged : ferrum, 
Virg. — As Subst. : Mpennis, is, /. 
(sc. securis) An axe with two edges; 
double-axe, battle-axe (mostly poet. ; 
only found in the JVom., Dat., Ace., 
and Abl. Sing., and in Nom. and Abl. 
Plur. ) : Virg. ; v . ; Tac. SI Hence, Fr . 

bl-pes, edis, adj. Two-footed : equi, 
Virg. : niensa, Mart. — As Subst. : bi- 
pes, edis, m. (sc. homo) A two-legged, 
being, a biped: Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

bi-rem-is, e, adj. [bi ; rein-us] 
Two-oared, having two oars: lembi, 
Liv. — As Subst. : biremis, is, /. (sc. 
scapha) 1. A small vessel with two oars : 
Luc. — 2. A vessel ivilh tico roivs of 
ben dies, or two banks of oars: Cic. *JT 
Hence, Fr. btreme, 

bis (in composition bi), adv. num. 
[duis from duo] I. P rop. : Twice, in 
two ways, in a two-fold manner : in 
una civitate bis improbus fuisti, Cic: 
bis mori, Hor : bis consul, who has 
been twice consul (diff. from iterum 
consul, who is a second time consul), 
Cic. — Particular combinations 
or expressions: A . With numer- 
al s : Twice a certain number : si, bis 
bina quot essent, didicisset Epicurus, 
Cic— B. Bis tan to or tan turn, Twice 
as great or as much: Plaut.; Virg. — 
C. Bis ad eundem (sc. lapidem offend- 
ere), To stumble twice against the same 
stone; i.e. to commit the same error 
twice : Cic II. Meton.: A second 
time: bis Frontino consule, Mart, % 
Hence, Fr. bis. 

Bisaltee, arum, m. The Bisaltoe\ 
a Thracicin people on the Strymon. 

Bisaltis, Mis (Gr. Ace. Bisaltida), 
/., BicraArLs. A female descendant of 
Bisaltes, esp. Theophane, a daughter of 
Bisaltes, changed by Neptune into aevje. 
Bisanthe, es, /. Bisanthe ; a town 
of Thrace (now Rodosto). 

Bistones, um, m., B£<rroj/e?. I. 
Prop.: The Bistones; a Thracian peo- 
ple.—Kence, Biston-Ius, a, um, adj. 
Pertaining to the Bistones^ Bistonian. 
II. Meton.: The Thracians.— Hence. 
A. Biston-ftis, a, um, adj. Thracian. 
— B. Biston-is, idis, adj.f. Thracian : 
alea, i. e. Procne, wife of the Thracian 



ting, Tereus, Sen. — As Subst.: (sc. 
femina) A Thracian woman. 

bisulc-i-lingua, so, adj. [bisulc- 
us ; (i); lingua] (Prop.: With a cloven 
tongue ; Pig.) Double-tongued, deceitful: 

bi»sulcus, a, um, adj. {Double- 
furrowed; hence) Divided into two 
farts, cloven : lingua, forked, Ov. % 
Hence, Fr. bisulque. 

Blthyma, as,/. , BtOwCa. Bithynia ; 
a province of Asia Minor, between the 
Proponfis and the Black Sea, where the 
Romans carried on a considerable 
trade _ (now Ejalet Anadoli).—HenQe, 
1. Bithyn-icus, a, um, adj. Bithyn- 
ian, BIthynia— 2. Brthyn-us, (oiice 
Bithynus, Juv.) , a, um, adj. Bithynian. 
— As Subst.: Bithyni, orum, m. 
The inhabitants of Bilhynia. — 3. BI- 
tnyn-is, Mis,/. A Bithynian woman. 

1. bito, v. beto. 

2. Bito (-on), onis, m., BCriov. 
Bito or Biton ; a son of the Argive 
priestess, Cydippe. 

bitumen, mis, n. [prob. of He- 
brew origin] Bitumen, «fr Hence, Fr. 

bitmnln-eus, a, um, adj. [bitu- 
men, bitmnin-is] Pertaining to bitumen; 
bituminous: vires, Or. 

Bituriges, um (in Sing. Biturix, 
Luc), m. The Bituriges; a people of 
Gallia Aquitania. 

bi-vl-us, a, um, adj. [bi ; vi-a] 
Having two ways ov passages : ut bivias 
armato obsidam milite fauces, Virg. — 
As Subst.: bivium, li, n. A place with 
two ways, or where two roads meet : ad 
bi\ r ia consistere, Li v. 

blaesus, a, um, adj. — jSAcuo-os. 
Lisping, speaking indistinctly : lingua, 
Ov.— As SubsU. blsesus, i, m. A 
lisper : Of intoxicated persons : Juv. 

bland-e, ado. [bland-us] Flatter- 
ingly, soothingly, courteously : rogare, 
Cic: (Comp.) blandius, id.: {Sup.) 
blandissime, Cic. 

bland-I-dlc-us, a, um, adj. 
[bland-us ; (i); dic-o] Speaking sooth- 
ingly, coaxingly, or kindly : Plaut. 

blandiloquent-ia, as, /. [bland- 
iloquens, blandiloquent-is, " speak- 
ing coaxingly"] (Tlie quality of the 
blandiloquens ; hence) Coaxing lang- 
uage, softness of expression : Poet ap. 

blandiloquent-ulus, a, um, adj. 
dim. [id.] Speaking caressingly, fair- 
spoken: Plaut. 

bla,nd-I»ldqu-us, a, um, adj. 
[bland-us ; (i); loqu-or] Speaking 
smoothly or flatteringly, fair-spoken: 

blandi-mentum, i, n. [blandi-or] 
1. (That which flatters; hence) Flat- 
tering words, blandishments, compli- 
mentary speech, flattery (mostly plur.): 
Cic; Ov.; Tac— 2. (That which al- 
lures, charms, etc. ; hence) a. Pro p. : 
An allurement, pleasure, charm, de- 
light: Cic. ; Tac. — b. Meton.: (a) 
Df spices, seasoning, condiments in 
$)od : Tac. — (b) Careful culture, coax- 
mg: PI. 
bland-ior, Itus sum, Iri, 4. v. dep. 

[bland-us] I. Prop.: A. By actions: 

To cling caressingly to ; to flatter, soothe, 
caress, fondle, coax: cessit immanis 
tibi blandienti Janitor aulas, Hor. — 
B. By words: 1. Gen.: To flatter; to 
make flattering, courteous speeches, ov be 
complaisant to : quippe qui litigare se 
simulans blandiatur, Cic~2. Esp.: 
With Dat. of Personal pron.: To 
flatter one's self with something, to fancy 
something, delude one's self: Ov. II. 
Meton.: A. Of things: To flatter, 
please, be agreeable or favourable to ; 
to allure by pleasure ; to attract, en- 
tice, invite : video quam suaviter vol- 
untas sensibus nostris blandiatur, 
Cic. — B. To persuade or impel by flat- 
tery: res per Veneris blanditur (sc. 
voluptas) ssecla propagent, Lucr. If 
Hence, Fr. (old) blandir. 

bland-Iter, adv. [id.] Soothingly, 
flatteringly , courteously: Plaut. 

bland^itia, se,/. [id.] (The quality 
of (he blandus ; hence) 1.: a. Sing.: 
A caressing, flattering, flattery, fond- 
ling: Cic — 'b. Plur. '(so, mostly): 
Flatteries, blandishments, allurements : 
Cic; Tac; Ov.— 2. Pleasure, delight, 
enticement, charm, allurement: Cic; 
Quint. \ Hence, Fr. (old) blandie, 

blandi-tim, adv. [blandi-or] In 
a flattering, caressing manner: Lucr. 

blandi-tus, a, um : 1. p. of 
blandi-or. — 2. Pa.: Pleasant, agree- 
able, charming : rosa?, Prop. 

blandus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.] 

I. P r o p. : Of smooth tongue, flattering, 
fondling, caressing: blandus amicus, 
Cic: (with Dat.) (Comp.) an bland- 
iores alienis quam vestris estis ? Liv. 

II. Meton. : A. Flattering, friendly, 
kind, pleasant, agreeable, enticing, al- 
luring, charming : laudes, Virg.: 
(Sup.) voluptates, blandissimas dom- 
ing (the most alluring mistresses), 
majores partes animi a virtute detorq- 
uent, Cic — B. Persuading to some- 
thing by caressing: nunc experiemur, 
nostrum uter sit blandior, Plaut. ^f 
Hence, Fr. (old) blande. 

1. blatero, avi, Stum, are, 1. v. a. 
[akin to J3A a£, stupid] To talk idly or 
foolishly; to babble, prate : Hor. 

2. blater-o, onis, m. [1. blater-o] 
A babbler, prater : ace to Cell. 

blatio, no perf. nor sup.,lve, 4. v. a. 
[akin to blatero] To utter foolish things, 
to babble, prate : Plaut. 

blatta, as, /. The blatta ; a fetid 
insect that shuns the light, and is hostile 
to bees ; of several kinds : the cock- 
roach, -chafer, moth, etc.: Virg. ^f 
Hence, Fr. blatte. 

blatt-arius, a, um, adj. [blatt-a] 
Pertaining to the moth: balnea, i.e. 
dark bathing-rooms (so called from the 
hatred of the moth to the light), Sen. 

blatt-eus, a,um,«ri!;. [blatt-a,^wr- 
ple-dye] (Pertaining to blatta ; hence) 
Purple-coloured, purple: funes, Eutr. 

blennus, i, m.~pXew6s. A block- 
head, dolt, simpleton : Plaut. 

blit-eus, a, um, adj. [blit-um] 
(Pertaining to blitum ; hence) Taste- 
less, insipid, silly, foolish, stupid: Plaut. 

I blitum, i, n.~f3ktTov. A kitchen 
vegetable, in itself tasteless, hut used as 
\asaladj or ache or spinach : Plaut. 
I bo -arms, a, um, adj. [for bov- 
' arius ; fr. bos, bov-isj Of, or relating 
, to, neat cattle: forum, Liv. 
| Bocchar, aris, -or, oris, m.: I. 
i Prop.: Bocchar or Bocchor; a king of 
I Mauritania, in the time of the second 
1 Pu n ic war. II. M e t o n . : A n Africa n . 
Boccims, i, m. Bocchus ; a king 
of Mauritania, father-in-law of Jug- 
urtha, whom he betrayed to Sulla. 

Boebe, es, /. Boebe ; a village in 
the Thessalian province Pelasgiotis. — 
Hence, 1 . Boeb-eis, idos, adj. f. Of, 
or belonging to, Boebe.— 2. Bceb-eius, 
a, um, adj. (Prop.: Bcebeian; Meton.) 

Bosotla, as, /., BoiwTia. Bocofia; 
a district of Greece Proper, the capital 
of which was Thebes, the birth-place of 
Bacchus and Hercules. Its inhabitants 
wcrejnoted for stupidity. — Hence, 1. 
Bceotl-us, a, um, adj., Boiwtios. 
Boeotian. — As Subst.: Bceotii, orum, 
m. (sc. incola?) The Boeotians.— 2. 
Boaot-us, a, um, adj., Bouotos. 
Boeotian.— -As Subst.: Bcedti, orum, 
m. (sc. incolas) The Boeotians. 

bo-iae, arum, /. [for bov-ia3 ; fr. 
bos, bov-is] (Tilings pertaining to bos; 
hence) A collar for the neck (orig. of 
leather ; hence the name ; but later 
of wood or iron) : Plaut. 

Boii, orum, m. The Boii; a people 
of Gallia Lugdunensis (now the Bour- 
bonnais, Dip. de VAllier). — Hence, 
Boi-a, as, /., ace to some Hie chief 
town — ace. to others, the country — of 
the Boii. 

Bola, se (-se, arum),/. Bola ; a very 
ancient town of the /Bqui, in La Hum. — 
Hence, Bol-anus, a, um, adj. Of, or 
pertaining to, Bola.— -As Subst. : Bol- 
ani, orum, m. The inhabitants of 
Bola. _ 

boletus, \,m. — $m\LT-i}<;. The bole- 
tus ; the best kind of mushroom : Plaut. 
% Hence, Fr. botet. 

bolus, i, m. = /36Aos (a throw or 
cast): 1. A throne of dice : Plaut. — 2. 
(Prop. : A cast of a fishing- net ; hence) : 
a. Meton.: A draught of fishes : bol- 
um emere, Suet. — b. Fig.: (a) In a 
good sense, from the profit accruing 
to the fisherman : Gain, profit, advant- 
age: Plant.; Ter. — (b) In a bad sense; 
from the injury sustained by the fishes 
from their capture : («) Loss, hurt, 
harm, injury: Plant,— (,6) An attempt 
to inveigle, ensnare, or enslave: Plaut. 

bombax, inter/. = fio(ipd£. An ex- 
clamation of wonder, surprise, etc. : 
Strange! indeed! possible! Plaut. 

bonibus, i, m. - $oy,$o<i [onornat- 
op.] A hollow or deep sound; a hum- 
ming, buzzing: Var. ; Cat. 

bombyc-mus, a, um, adj. [bcin- 
byx, bombyc-is] Of silk, silken : pan- 
niculus, Juv. 

bombyx, ycis, m. = j3gmj3u£ : I, 
Prop.: Tlie silkworm: Mart. II. 
Meton.: A. That which is made oj 
silk, a silken garment, silk : Prop, ^f 
Hence, Fr. bombyce. 



BSmilcar, aris, m. Bomilcar : 1 . 
A Carthaginian general, contemporary 
with Agalhocles.--2. A companion of 
Jugurtha, afterwards put to death by 

bon-Itas, atis, /. [bon-us] (The 
quantity of the bonus; hence) 1. Of 
things : The good qu-alily of a thing ; 
goodness, excellence: agrorum, Cic. — 
2. Of character: Good, honest, friendly, 
or agreeable conduct; goodness, virtue, 
integrity, friendliness, kindness, bene- 
volence: Cic. — 3. Parental love, tender- 
ness: Phred. Tf Hence, Fr. bovM. 

Bonna, se,/. Bonn; a town on the 
Rhine. — Hence, Bonn-ensis, e, adj. 
Of Bonn. 

Bononia, as, /. Bononia ; a town 
of Gallia Cisalpina (now Bologna). — 
Hence, Bononl-ensis, e, adj. Of, 
ox pertaining to, Bononia. 

bonus, a, um, adj. (old form du- 
onus.— From obsol. form benus is 
derived the adv. bene : — Comp. melior: 
Blip, optimus). Of every kind of excel- 
lence: A, Physical: 1. Good, beautiful, 
pleasant, fit, suitable, right: aedes. 
Plant.: ager,Ter.: iter, Hor. : minimi, 
genuine (like our good silver, etc., for 
pure, unadulterated), Cic. — 2. With 
Substt., which denote magnitude, 
measure, or number, to enhance their 
force (like our phrases, a good half 
mile, a good mile, etc.): Large, con- 
siderable: bona pars sermonis, Cic: 
bona librorum Copia, Hor. — 3. 
Wealthy, rich : Curt.— As Subst. : a. 
boni, drum, n. (sc. homines) The 
wealthy, the rich : Cic. ; Plant. — b. 
bona, orum, m. Gifts of fortune, 
wealth, riches, property, goods, fortune : 
Ter.; Cic; Liv. — 4. Of circumstances: 
Res bona), Prosperous condition, good 
fortune: Plaut.; Cic— 5. Of food, etc.: 
Nice, delicate, choice, etc. : Nep. — B. 
Mental and moral : 1. Good, fit, able, 
excellent, skilful, noble, virtuous, up- 
right, honest, etc.: auctor, Cic: bono 
animo esse, to be of good courage, 
Plaut. : dicta (=facete dicta), wittic- 
isms, bons mots, Cic. — As Subst.: bon- 
Um, i, n. A moral good or blessing ; 
a gift, valuable possession: Cic; Tac 
— 2.: a. Of a man : Honourable, good: 
Cic. — As Subst.: boni, orum, in. (sc. 
homines) The good, the virtuous, etc: 
Cic; Hor. — b. Of a woman : Modest, 
virtuous : Plaut. 3. Brave, gallant, 
active ; Sail. — 4. Considerable, high, 
esteemed; of good family ; of high rank, 
honourable birth, noble origin, etc. : 
Plaut. ; Cic. — As Subst. : optimi, orum, 
m. (sc. homines) =optimates : The ari- 
stocrats: Cic. — 5. Bona venia, or enm 
bona venia (=pace tua, vestra) With 
your kind leave or permission : Ter. ; 
Liv. 6. : a. Favourable, propitious, 
kind: Cic; Hor. — b. Of words: Of 
good omen, of favourable import: Tib.: 
bona verba qu?eso, Ter. — c. As an 
appellation of Jupiter, and in the 
common formula in commencing any 
business : Favourable, etc. : Jupiter 
Optimus Maximus, Cic: quod bonnm, 
faustum, felix, fortunatumque sit, id. 
' -7. Good, i. e. fit, suitable, proper, 

appropriate, serviceable : myrtus validis 
hastilibus et bona bello Cornus, Virg. 
— As Subst. : bonum, i, n. Utility, 
profit, good: publicum, (he public weal, 
public advantage, Liv. — P articular 
phrases : a. Bono esse alicui, To be 
of service to one, to profit one: Cic. ; 
Liv. — b. Cui bono fuerit, For whose 
advantage it teas: Cic — 8. In addresses: 
Excellent, etc.: Hor.: O bone, my good 
fellow, Hor. — C. Of inhei'cnt qualities 
of persons or things : Excellent or good 
in or for any thing, to do any thing, 
etc.: pace belloque bonus, Liv.: (with 
Gerund in di) impar, melior furandi, 
Tac. % Hence, Fr. bon. 

boo, no perf. nor sup., are, 1 v. n. 
[onomatop., like the Gr. <3oa<.? To 
cry aloud, roar : toto voce boante 
foro, Ov. 

Bootes, se (Bat. Booti, Cic: — Voc. 
Boote, Ov.), m. The constellation 

Boreas, aa (Ace. Borean, Ov.: Bor- 
eam, Prop.), m., Bope'a? (The thing 
from the mountains): I. Prop.: Bor- 
eas; the nwunlain nr north wind (pure 
Lat. aquilo): Boreas penetrabile frig- 
us, Virg.— Hence, Bor-eus (-ius), 
a, um, adj. Pertaining to the north 
wind; northern: sub axe Boreo, Ov. 
II. Meton.: A. For The North: Hor. 
B. Personified: Boreas; the son of the 
river-god Slrymon, and father of Calais 
and Zeies by Oritliyia, daughter ofErech- 
theus, king of Attica: Ov. "Jf Hence, 
Fr. Borte. 

Borysthenes, is, m., Bopva9ep^. 
The Borysthenes; a large, but gently 
flowing, river in Sarmatia, which falls 
into the Black Sea (now the Dnieper). — 
Hence, 1. Borysthen-ms, a, um, 
adj. Pertaining to the Borysthenes. — 2. 
Borysthen-idee, arum, m. The 
diceUers on or near the Borysthenes. 

bos, bSvis (Gen. Plur., bourn, Virg.: 
— Dal. and Abl., bobus, Hor.: bubus, 
Ov.), conun. gen. — fiovq. (The lowing 
or bellowing one; hence) I. Prop.: 
One of the ox tribe ; an ox , a cow : boves 
animal ium soli et retro ambulantes 
pascuntur, PI. : actre boves, Liv. — 
Pro v.: Bovi clitellas imponcrc, To 
put a pack-saddle upon the ox, i.e. to 
confer an office or employment on one 
who is not fit for it, Poet. ap. Cic. II. 
Meton.: A. A whip cut from neat's 
leather, a hide: Plaut. — B. The bos; 
a species of turbot : Ov. If Hence, Fr. 

Bosporus (-phSrus), i,m. (Neut. 
Plur. Bospora, Prop.) = B6<x7ropo? 
(Heifer's ford). Bosporus or Hosphorus: 
1. Bosporus Thracius, or simply Bos- 
porus, The Thracian Bosporus, between 
Thrace and Asia Minor (now the Straits 
of Constantinople). — Hence, Bospor» 
Ius, a, um, adj. Of the Bosporus. — 2. 
Cimmerius, The Cimmerian Bosporus, 
leading from the Black Sea to the Azof 
(now the JStraits of Caff a).— Hence, 
Bospor-anus, i, m. A dweller on or 
near the Cimmerian Bosporus. % Hence, 
Fr. Bosphore, 

Bottisea, as, /. Botticea ; a small 
province of Macedonia. 

B6vill-se, arum, /. [bovill-ns] 
(Things pertaining to bovillus). Bov- 
illce; a small but very ancient town in, 
Lat ium, a colony fivm Alba Longa, 
about 10 miles from Home, on IheAppian, 
Road, and, until some time in the Middle. 
Ages, the first station on it. — Hence, 1» 
Bovill-us, a, um, adj. Of, ox pertain* 
ing to, Bovillce.~-2. B6vill-anus, a, 
um, adj. Of Bovillce. 

bov-illus, a, um, adj. [bos,bov-is] 
Of, or pertaining to, neat cattle: grex, 

brabeuta, a?, m.=^pa/3€UTtJ?. An 
overseer, umpire: Suet. 

bracee (-ccse), arum (once Sing. 
braca, as, Ov.),/. Tro users, breeches^ 
pantaloons; Ov. 

braoatus (brace-), a, um, adj, 
[brac-a] I. Prop.: Provided with 
bracre; having breeches: Cic; Juv. 
II. Fig.: Foreign, barbarian, effem- 
inate: Cic; Ov. 

brachi-alis, e, adj. [brachi-um] 
Of, or belonging to, the arm; nervus, 
Plaut. % Hence, Fr. brachial. 

bracliio^lunij i, n. dim. [brachi- 
um, (unco?itr. Gen.) brachio-i] A small 
delicate arm: Cat. 

brachium (braech-,bacch-), Ti, 
n.~b fipa X iU)v: I. Prop.: A. Gen.: 
An arm; the whole arm, from the should- 
er to the fingers ; brachium (sc. dcx- 
trum) co hi bore toga, Cic: collo dare 
brachia circum, to throw the arms 
round the neck,\ T ixg. — Particular 
phrase: Levi or molli brachio agere 
aliquid, To pursue something superfic- 
ially, lightly, negligently, remissly : 
Cic — Pro v.: Dirigerc brachia contra 
torrentem, To swim against the stream. 
Juv. B. Esp.: The lower arm t fore- 
arm (from the hand to the elbow) : 
brachia et lacerti, Ov. II. Me ton." 
A.: 1. Of craw-fish, etc.: A claw. 
Cancri brachia, Ov. — 2. Of an ele- 
phant, etc.: The shoulder, the shoulder- 
blade: Plant,— B. Of things similar 
in form to arms : 1. Of trees, etc.: A 
branch: Virg. — 2. Of the sea: An 
arm: Ov. — 3. Of a mountain : A side 
branch; a spur: PL— 4. Of a vessel • 
Plur.: The sail-yards : Virg. — 5. Milit. 
t. t.: a. A (ncitural or artificial) out- 
work; an arm for connecting two pointi 
in fortifications or preparations for be- 
sieging : Liv.— b. A side-work, mole, 
dike, in the fortification of a harbour. 
Liv. Tf Hence, Fr. bras. 

bractea (bratt-),se,/. [prps. akin 
to /3pdxw, to rattle, crackle] (The rattl- 
ing or crackling thing ; hence) A thin 
plate of metal, gold-leaf: Virg. 

bracte-ola (bratt-), se, f. dim. 
[bracte-n] A thin leaf of gold: Juv. 
brassica, re,/. Cabbage: Cato. 
Bratuspantium, li, n. Braius- 
pantium; a town of GalUa Belgica, 
aj'tericards called Ccesaromagus (now 
Breteuil, or in its vicinity). 
Brenni, orum, v. Breuni. 
Brennus, i, m. Brennus; a leader 
of the Gauls, icho vanquished the Rom* 
avs at the Allia. 

Breuni ( Brenni ) , oru m , m . The 
Breuni, or Brenni; a people of Itfuetior 



br8v-¥arlum, fi, n. [brev-is, a 
summary"} (A thing belonging to a 
breve ; hence) A summary, abridg~ 
■meat, abstract, epitome: Sen.; Suet. 
% Hence, Pr. brdviccire. 

bi'O v«iciilus, a, nm, adj. dim. 
[b^.v-is] Somewhat short or small : 
homo, Plant. 

bre v-I=l<5quens, entis, adj. [brev- 
is ; (i) ; loquens] Speaking briefly ; 
short: Cie. 

brevlloquent-ia, se, f. [brevi- 
ioquens, breviloquent-is] Brevity of 
speech: Cic. 

brevis, e,adj. [|8paxvs] I. Prop.: 

A. In space : 1. In distance, extent : 
Little, small, short, narrow : in Euboico 
scopulus brevis emicab alte G-urgite, 
a small, narrow rock, Ov. : (Sup.) 
cursuque brevissimus Almo, Ov. — 
Adverbial expression: In breve, 
Into a little or small space: Hor. — 2. 
3 ii heighb: Short, small, low: sedebat 
judex, brevior ipse qnam testis, Cic. — 
3. In length : Short : brevior mensura 
capillis, Ov. — 4. In depth : Small, 
little, shallow : vada, Yirg. — As Subst.: 
brevia, Inm, n, (sc. loca) Shallow 
places, shallows, shoals: tres Eurus ab 
alto In brevia et syrtes nrget, Yirg. — 

B, In time : Short, brief, small, little: 
vitas sum ma brevis spem nos vetat 
inchoaro 1 Dngam, Hor. : tempus, Liv. 
— Adverbial expressions: 1. In 
brevi, etc., spatio, brevi spatio, brevi 
tempore, cr simply brevi or in brevi : 
In a shon 1 , etc., lime, shortly (before 
or after): Lucr.; Cic. — 2» Brevi, For 
a short tim*i; a little: Ov. — 3. Ad breve: 
(''or a shot t time : Suet. II. M e t o n. 
&.: 1. 01 style, an orator, etc.: Sliort, 
'irief, con Use: brevior in scribendo, 
Cic. — Adverbial expressions : 
a. Brevi, Br iefly, in a few words: Cic. 
—b„ Once in epistolary style : Breve 
facore, To be short or brief: Cic. — c. 
Once ; In breve cogere, To comprise in 
few words, bring into a small compass : 
Liv. — 2. In prosody : Of the quantity 
of a syllable: Short: syllaba longa 
brevi subjecta vocatur iambus, Hor. 
— As Subst.: brevis, is,/, (sc. syllaba) 
A short syllable: dactylus, qui est e 
longa, et duabus brevibus, Cic. — B. 
Little, small: brevibus torquata colu- 
bris, Ov. : pondus, Hor. «fl Hence, Pr. 
bref, brief (fern, bre-ve). 

brSv-itas, atis, /. [brev-is] (The 
quality of the brevis; hence) 1, In 
space: Shortness, smallness, narrowness, 
etc.: Gees. ; Gell. — 2. In time: Short- 
ness, brevity: Cic. — 3, Of style: Brevity, 
conciseness: Cic; Hor. — 4. In prosody: 
Shortness; of the time of a syllable, 
etc. : Cic. — 5. Littleness, smallness: 
corporis, Lucr. f Hence, Pr. bri'evetd. 

brev-iter, adv. [id.] 1, Of space : 
Shortly, in a small space, etc. ; at a short 
distance: (Comp.) quo brevius valent, 
Tac. — 2. In expression: Briefly, in 
brief, with few words, concisely, sum- 
marily : multa breviter et commode 
dicta memoriae mandabam, Cic.:— 
(Sup.) quam brevissime, Quint.— 3. 
tn prosody : With shortness, short : Cic. 

Briareus (trisyll.), ci, m. t Bptap- 

etk. Briareus; the hundred-armed giant 
(also called J-Jgavn). 

Brigantes, um, m. The Brigantes ; 
the most northern and powerful people 
in Roman Britain. 

Briseis, idos (Ace. Briseida), /., 
Bpitnjt'?. A female descendant of Brises ; 
esp. Hippodamia, daughter of Brises, 
and slave of Achilles, from whom she 
was taken by Agamemnon. 

■Britannia, ae, /. Britannia: 1. 
Sing.: Britain; including Albion (Eng- 
land) and Caledonia (Scotland) : Cic; 
Tac— Hence, a. Brrtann-us (Bri-, 
Lucr.), a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, Britain; British. — As Subst.: Bri- 
tarni-us, i, m. (sc homo) A Briton: 
catenatus, Hor.— -b. Brltann-Icus, 
a, um, adj. Britannic, British. — 2. 
Plur. : The Bri tains; i. e. England, 
Scotland, and Ireland (Ilibemia or 
Juverna). % Hence, Pr. Bretagne; 

Brbmlus, ii (Poc.Bromie, Plaut.), 
m., Bpo/xtos- (The Noisy One). Brom- 
ius; a surname of Bacchus (on account 
of the tumultuous celebration of his 

Bromus, i, m., Bpo/mo? (Loud 
Noise). Bromus; one of the five Cen- 
taurs, slain by Cameus, in the battle 
between the Lapithce and the Centaurs. 

Brontes, a3,m., Bpour-rjs (Thunder- 
er). Brontes; a Cyclops, who laboured 
in the workshop of Vulcan. 

Broteas, a?, m., Bporeo.?. Broteas: 
1 , One of the Lapithce, slain by the Cen- 
taur Gryneus.~~2. Twin-brother of Am- 
mon, and with him slain by Phineus. 

Bructeri, orum, m. The Brucleri ; 
a German people, occupying the country 
between the Rhine, Lippe, Ems, and 

bru-ma, se, /. [for brev-ma ; fr. 
brev-io, to shorten] ( That which is short- 
ened; hence) I. Prop.: The shortest 
day in the year; the winter solstice: 
Cic. II. M e t o n . : A.. The winter time, 
xointer: Hor.; Virg. — B. A year: 
Mart, f Hence, Pr. brume. 

brum-alis, a, adj. [brum-a] 1. Of, 
or pertaining to, the icinter solstice or 
shortest clay: dies, Cic. — 2. Wintry, of 
winter: frigus, Virg. % Hence, Pr. 

Brundislum (Brundu-), ii, n. 
["BpeV<W, ekafyov," Hesych. ] (A 
thing pertaining to a BpeVSos : Stag- 
harbour) Brundisium or Brundusium ; 
a very ancient town of Calabna, ichich 
obtained its name from its harbour 
extending beyond it in the shape of a 
stag's antlers. — Hence, Brundis-i- 
nus (Brimdus-*), a, um, adj. Of 
Brundisium, Brundisian. 

Bruttii, orum, m. I. Prop.: The 
Bruttii ; the inhabitants of the southern 
point of Italy. II. Me ton.: The 
country of the Bruttii,— Hence, Brut ti- 
ns, a, um, adj. Of the Bruttii. 

1. brutus, a, um, adj. [akin to fiap- 
vs, fipiQvs] I. Prop. : Heavy, un- 
wieldy, immoveable: tellus, Hor. II. 
Pig.: A. Of persons or things : Dull, 
stupid, insensible, irrational: adolesc- 
ent!;?,. Sen, — B, Of animals: Un- 

reasoning, irrational, brute: PI. f 
Hence, Pr. brut. 

2. Brutus, i, m. [1 . brutus] Brutus', 
a Roman cognomen : I. L. Junius 
Brutus the relative of Tarquinius Sup- 
erbus, saved by his feigned stupidity 
(hence the n-v^e), and the deliverer of 
Rome from regal dominion. After 
him, Brutus was the cognomen of the 
patrician gens Junia.— 2. M. Junius 
Brutus, a son of Servilia, a sister of 
Cato Uticensis, and of M. Brutus; an 
intimate friend of Cicero about the 1\si 
year of his age; the murderer of Julius 
Caesar; distinguished as a philosopher 
and orator. — 3. D. Junius Brutus, a 
fellow-conspirator with the preceding. 
— 4. M. Junius Brutus, the husband of 
Servilia, and father of the murderer of 
Caesar, a distinguished lawyer. 

Bubassus, i, /. Bubassus; a di- 
strict of Caria. — Hence, Bubas-is, 
Mis,/, adj. Of Bubassus. 

Bubastis, is,/. Bu bast is; a goddess 
worshipped at Bubastis in Egypt; cor- 
responding to Diana. 

bub-ile (bov-), His, n. [bos; bov- 
is] (A thing pertaining to a bos ; hence) 
A cattle-stall, cotc-shed: Cato; Plued. 

bubo, onis, m. (/. only once: 
Virg.) [/3ua?, j30£a] An oioljhe horned 
owl, the cry of which was considered as 
ill-boding: ignavus bubo, Ov. 

bubule-Itor, noperf., ari, 1. v.dep. 
[bubulc-us] (To act as a bubulcus; 
hence) To keep, feed, or drive oxen : 

bubulcus, i, m. [bubul-us] (One 
pertaining to oxen; hence) An ox- 
driver or waggoner; one who ploughs 
with oxen; aplouglonan: Cic; Ov. 

bub=ulus, a, um, adj. [for bov- 
ulus ; fr. bos, bov-is] Of neat cattle or 
oxen : cori, thongs, straps of ox-hide or 
cow-hide, Plaut. — As Subst.: bubula, 
ed,f.(sc. caro) Beef: Plaut. 

bu-csed-a, aa, m. [for bov-casd-a ; 
fr. bos, bov-is; ceed-o] (Ox -cut; 
hence) One who is whipped with thongs 
of ox-hide: Plaut. 

bucca, se.f. [akin to fivgio, pvKarn] 

I, Prop. : The cheek (inflated or filled 
out in speaking, eating, <?&.: diff. from 
gense) : pictus Gallus . . . distortus 
ejectil lingua, buccis fluentibus, Cic. 
— Pro v.: Scribere (loqui) quod, 
(quidquid) in buccam venit, To write 
(speak) that which (whatever) comes into 
the cheek, i.e. uppermost: Cic; Mart. 

II. Meton.: A. One who fills his cheeks 
in speaking; a declaimer, bawler : no- 
taeque per oppida buccae, Juv. — B. A 
mouthful: panis, Mart. *\\ Hence, Pr. 
bouche, bouchde. 

buccel-la, se,f. dim.[f or bnccul-la; 
fr. buccul-a] A small mouthful, morsel: 

buccina, se, etc., v. buc. 

bucc-o, onis, m. [bucc-a] (One 
having distended cheeks; hence) A 
babbler, blockhead, fool : Plaut. 

bucc-ula, 83, /. dim. [id.] I, 
Prop.: A cheek: Suet. II» Meton.: 
Milit. 1. 1. : In a helmet : The beaver or 
cheek-piece : Liv. 

bi^c-iiJentug. a, um, adj. [for 



buccul-Ientus ; fr. buccnl-a] Hewing 
full cheeks or a large mouth : Plaut. 

traeerus (-ius, Lucr.), a,um,^. 
= /3owcepo>?. Having the horns of neat 
cattle; r -horned: armenta, Ov. 

buc-ina (buco), as, f. [prob. 
bucc-a] (A thing pertainin gtoa bucca ; 
hence) 1. A shepherd's horn: Prop. — 
2. : a. Prop. : A trumpet: bello dat 
signum rauca cruentum Bucina, Virg. 
— b. Meton. : Mi lit. t. L: A watch: 
ut ad tertiam bucinam prassto essent, 
Liv. — c. Triton's shell or trumpet: Ov. 
Tf Hence, Fr. (old) buccine. 

bucin-ator (bucc-), oris, m. 
[bucin(a)-o] I. Prop.: One who blows 
the bucina, a trumpeter: Cass. II. 
Fig.: One tcho trumpets forth, blazes 
abroad: Cic. % Hence, Fr. (old) buc~ 

bucin-o (buecin-), avi, atum, 
are, 1. v. n. [bucin-a] To blow tlie 
trumpet: Var. If Hence, Fr. (old) 

bucoliea, drum, n. = povKoXiicd. 
Bucolics: Ov. 

bu-cula, as,/, dim. [for bov-cula; 
fr. bos, bov-is] I. Prop.: A young 
cow, a heifer: Virg. II. Meton. : A 
bronze statue of a cow (at Athens, the 
work of Myron) : Cic. 

bufo, onis, m. [etym. dub.] A 
toad: Virg. 

bulbus, i, ?h.=/3oAj86<; : I. Gen.: 
A bulbous root, a bulb : Cels.; PI. II. 
Esp. : An onion: Libyeis bulbus tibi 
missus ab oris, Ov. «jf Hence, Fr. bufbe. 

biileuterium («on),ii, r?.=0ovA- 
i-vrrjptov. The place where the (Greek) 
senate assembled ; the senate-house. 

bull»a, se,f. [bull-o] (That which 
bubbles up, and becomes round ; hence) 
I, Prop.: A water bubble, bubble: per- 
ineuria, Ov. II. Fig.: Of anything 
fleeting or transitory : A bubble: Var. 
III. Meton.: Of any thing in the 
form of a bulla : A. A boss, stud, etc. : 
Cic; Virg. — B. A small ornament, 
usually in the shape of a heart, worn 
upon the neck by boys (mostly of gold.) : 
Ode. — Particular phrase: Bulla 

dignup, Worthy of a bulla ; i. e. childish : 
Juv. «j[ Hence, Fr. bulle, boule. 

bull-atus, a, urn, adj. [bull-a] 
(Provided with a bulla; hence) 1. 
(Prop.: Having a water-bubble; Fig.) 
Quickly passing; or, ace. to some, 
Inflated, bombastic: Pers. — 2. Wearing 
a bulla about the neck : heres, i. e. 
still a child, Juv. 

Bullis, v. Byllis. 

bullo, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. v. n.\ 
bullio, ivi, Itum, ire, A. v. n. [onoma- 
top. like our " bubble"] To be in bub- 
bling motion, to be in a state of ebullition, 
to bubble: Cato ; Pers. If Hence, Fr. 

bumastus, i,/.=£(nW<rros (hav- 
ing large breasts). The bumastus ; a 
species of grape with large clusters : Virg. 

BupalUS, i, m., BouttciAos (Bull- 
wrestler). Bupalus ; a statuary of 
Chios, tcho represented and, exposed the 
deformed poet Hipponax ; but in turn 
was severely satirized by him in his 

buris, is, m. [ace. to some, contr. 
from 0ou<> ovpd : ox-tail] The curved 
hinder part or crooked timber of a 
plough: Virg. 

Btisiris, Mis (Ace. Busirin, Ov.), 
Bovcrtpt?, m. Busiris; a king of Egypt, 
who sacrificed strangers, and was him- 
self slain by Hercules: Virg. 

bust-i-rap-us, i, in. [bust-um; (i) ; 
rap-io] (Tomb-snatcher ; hence) Asa 
term of reproach : A robber of tombs : 

bustu-arius, a, urn, adj. [for 
busto-nrius; fr.bnstum, (tin contr. Gen.) 
busto-i] Of, or pertaining to, the place 
where dead bodies were burned ; gladi- 
ator, that fought at a funeral pile in 
honour of the dead: Cic. 

bus«tuxri, i, n. [for bur-tum ; fr. 
obsol. bur-o = uro] ( The burning place ; 
hence) I. Prop. : A place for burning 
the dead ; a burning -ground : Lucr. ; 
Stat. II. Meton. : A. The hillock 
raised over the ashes of a burned 
corpse; a tomb: Cic; Hor. — B. Of 
things which devour or destroy: Of 

the maw of an animal that eats meni 
Lucr. ■ — C. Of a battle-field •• civilia 
busta Philippi, Prop. III. Fig.: Of 
a violator of the laws, etc. A tomb, 
destruction, etc : legum, Cic. : rei- 
publicae, id. 

Elites, 03, m., Bov'ttj?. Butes: 1. 
Ron of Amycus, king of the Bebrycians, 
slain by Dares at the tomb of Hector. — 
2. Son of the Athenian Pallas, sent icith 
Cephalus to sEacus. — 3. An armour- 
bearer of Andiises. — 4. A Trojan. 

Buthroturci, \,n. (»os, i,/. Ov.), 
Bov6pi»r6i', BovOpwTo?. Buthrotum or 
Buthrotos ; a maritime town of Epirus 
(now Butrinto). — Hence, Buthrot» 
IUS, a, um, adj. Of Buthrotum. — As 
Subst. : Buthrotii, orum, m. The 
inhabitants of Buthrotum. 

buthysia, aa, /. = fiovQvo-la. A 
sacrifice of oxen : Suet. 

Buxentura, i, n., IIu£oOs. Bux- 
entum; a town of Lucania. 

bux-i»fer, fera, i'Srum, adj. [bux- 
us ; (i); fer-o] Bearing box-trees: Cat. 

buxus, i,/. (sometimes -um, i,n. 
in the meaning of no. II.) = ttv^os; 
I. Prop.: The pale, evergreen, box- 
tree : Ov. II. Meton.: A. t Box-wood: 
Virg. — B. Of things made of box- 
wood : 1. A pipe or flute: Virg. — 2. A 
top : Virg. — 3. A comb : Ov. — 4. ^4 
writing-tablet: Prop. % Hence, Fr. 

Byblis, Mis, /., Bu/3Ais. Byblis; a 
daughter of Miletus and Cyanee, tcho 
fell in love with her brother Caunus, 
and, being repulsed, was changed into a 

Byllis (Bull-), Mis, /., BuAAi?. 
Byllis or Bullis; a town of Grecian 

Byrsa, a? ,/., Bvpo-a (a hide). Byrsa; 
the citadel of Carthage. 

Byzantium, ii, n., Bv£di/Tiof. 
Byzantium ; a city of Thrace, on the 
Bosporus, opjJosite the Asiatic Chalce- 
don, afterwards C'onstantinopolis (now 
Constantinople, among the Turks 
Stamboul). — Hence, Byzanti-us, a, 
um, adj. Of Byzantium, Byzantine, 


C, c, n. indecl. or/., the third letter of 
the Latin alphabet : I. Corresponding 
originally in sound to the Greek r (in 
Tnscr. G was freq. written like C): 


[pujcNANDOD, pvc[nad], cahtacini- 
knsi, upon the Columna rostrata, for 
legiones, magistratos, eff ugiunt, pugn- 
ando, pugna, Carthaginiensi ; hence 
the prcenomina Gaius and Gnaaus, 
even to the latest times, were design- 
ated by C and Cn., while Casso or 
Kseso was written with K. Still, as 
early as the time of the kings, the C 
seems to have been substituted forK ; 
Consul was designated by Cos., and 
K. remained in use only before a, as in 

kal. for Calendar, or Calumnia. II. 

Interchanged : A. With g : vicesimus, 
tricesimus, and vigesimus, trigesimus : 
so, segmen for secmen, fr. seco. — B. 
With if: Vectones and Vettones ; inductee 
andindutice. — C. With q (fully written 
qu): secutus and sequutus. III. Sub- 
stituted forp : oc-ulus from oir-rofxat. 
IV. As an abbreviation, C denotes 
Gaius, and reversed 0, Gaia. V. As 
a numeral, C= centum ; and upon 
voting tablets =co?idemno ; hence it 
is called " litera tristis." 

caballus, i, m.—KafidX\7}s. An 
inferior riding or pack-horse; a nag, 
jade: Hor.; Juv. — Pro v.: Optat 
araro caballus, 'The pack-horse wishes 

to plough, i. e. no one is content with kis 
own condition: Hor. ^[ Hence, Fr. 

Cabillonum, i, n. Cabillonum; a 
toicn in Gallia LugdiMiensis (now Chd- 

cachinna-tio, onis, /. [cachinn- 
(a)-o] A violent laughing, immoderate 
laughter : Cic. <f Hence, Fr. (old) 

cacliinno, avi, atum, are, 1, v. n. 
[akin to Sans, root kakh, " to laugh ;" 
Gr. KaxdCoi, Kayx<*-£<>>] To laugh aloud, 
laugh immoderately: Cic. 

cachirm-us, i, m. [cachinn-o] I. 
Pro]).: ^L loud laugh, immoderate 
laughter, a jeering: Cic; Hor. II. 



Me ton.: Of the sea; A plashing, 
roaring: Cat. 

caco, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. and a. 
--KaKato. I. Ncut.: To go to stool: 
Oat.; Hor. II. Act.: A. To emit by 
going to stool: odorem,fo emit a stench, 
Plued.— -B. To defile with excrement: 
cacata charta, Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

cacoethes, is, n. — «ciko^c?, to 
(an ill habit): I, Prop. : Medic, t.t.: 
An obstinate, malignant disease: Cels. 
II. Pig.: An itch or incurable pas- 
sion for writing or scribbling : scrib- 
endi, Juv. 

cacozelus, i, m.^KaKo^Koq, A 
bad imitator: Suet. 

cacula, s&, m. [etym. dub.] A serv- 
ant, esp. of a soldier : Plaut. 

cacumen, mis, n. [prps. acumen 
with the prefix c] I. Prop.: The 
extreme end, extremity, or point of a 
thing ; the peak, top, utmost point 
(whether horizontal or perpendicular) : 
nudata cacumina silvse Ostendimt, 
Ov.: ramorum, Cres.: montis, Virg.: 
membrorum, Lucr. II. Fig.: 'The 
end, limit : Lucr. % Hence, Fr. (old) 

cacumin-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [cacumen, cacumin-is] To point, 
make pointed : aures, Ov. 

Cacus, i, m., Ka/co?. Cacus ; a 
giant who robbed Hercules of Geryon's 
cattle, and was on that account slain by 

cad°aver, eris, n. [cad-o] (That 
which falls down dead ; hence) I. 
Prop.: A. Of persons: A dead body; 
a corpse: Lucr.; Cic— B. Of beasts: 
A carcase: Virg. II. Fig.: As a 
term of reproach of a worthless man : 
A corpse, a carcase: Cic. III. Met- 
on.: The ruins of desolated towns: 
tot oppidum cadavera, Sulpic. ap. Cic. 
f Hence, Fr. cadavre. 

cadaver»osus, a, urn, adj. [cad- 
aver] (Full of cadaver ; hence) Like 
a corpse, ghastly, cadaverous: facies, 
Ter. ^f Hence, Fr. cadav4reux. 

Cadmus, i, m., Ka'5/xos (Exceller). 
Cadmus: 1. Son of the Phoenician 
king Agenor, brother of JEuropa, hus- 
band of Harmonia, father of Poly dor - 
•us, Ino, Semele, Autonoe and Agave; 
founder of the Cadmea, the citadel of 
the Boeotian Thebes ; inventor of alpha- 
betic writing ; and at last changed, as well 
as his wife, into a serpent. — Hence, 
a. Cadm-eus, a, urn, adj.'. (a) 
Prop.: Of, or pertaining to, Cadmus; 
Cadmean, — As Subst.: Cadmea as, 
f. (scslvx) The citadel of Thebes, found- 
ed by Cadmus. — (b) M e t o n. : (a) Theb- 
an. — (/3) Carthaginian. — b. Cadm- 
eius, a, um, adj. Cadmean. — c. 
Cadm-els, Tdis, /. adj. Of Cadmus, 
Cadmcean. : (a) Prop. — As Subst. : 
A female descendant of Cadmus.- — (b) 
Met on.: Theban.- 2. An executioner 
in the time of Horace. 

cado, cecidi, casum, cadere, 3. v. n. 
[akin to Sanscrit root g AD, "to fall"] 
1. Prop.: A. Gen.: To fall down, be 
precipitated, sink down, fall: praccip- 
&es (sc. apes) cadunt, Virg.: equo, Cic, 

B. Esp.! 1. Of the heavenly bodies : 
To decline, sink, set: cadentis solis 
fulgor, Tac: Arcturus cadens, Hor. 
— 2. To separate from something by 
falling ; to fall from or off, fall out, 
drop off, etc.: prima (sc. folia) cadunt, 
Hor.: de manibus arm a ceciderunt, 
Cic— 3, Of a stream : To fall, empty 
itself: amnis Aretho cadit in sinum 
maris, Liv.— 4. Of dice : To be thrown 
or cast ; to turn up: illud, quod cecidit 
forte, Tcr.— 5. To fall down, drop, 
be precipitated down, etc.: to sink 
down, etc.; to sink, settle, etc.: cad- 
unt toti montes, Lucr.: cadere in 
piano, Ov. — 6. To fall so as to be un- 
able to rise again ; to fall dead, die (so, 
mostly of those who fall in battle): 
pauci de nostris cadunt, Cass.: (Im- 
pers. Pass.) in acie cadendum fuit, 
Cic — 7. Of victims : To be slam or 
offered, to be sacrificed, to fall: si tener 
pleno cadit haxlus anno, Hor. II. 
Fig.: A. To come, happen, or fall 
somewhere ; to be subjected to some- 
thing : sub sensum, i. e. to be perceived, 
Cic: in cogitationem, i.e. to suggest 
itself to the thoughts, id. — B. Cadere 
in aliquem or aliquid ; also, sub ali- 
quid, To belong to some person or thing ; 
to be in accordance with, agree with, 
refer to, be suited to ; to fit, suit, become: 
cadit in quenquam tan turn scelus? 
Virg.; Cic.-— C: 1. To fall upon a 
definite time : considera, ne in alien- 
issimum tempus cadat adventus tuus, 
Cic. — 2. Mercantile 2. t.\ Of payments: 
To fall due: Cic— D.: 1. Cadere 
alicui, To fall to one as by lot ; to fall 
to one's lot, fall or happen to one, befall, 
turn out: insperanti mihi . . . cecidit, 
ut in istum sermonem dilaberemini , 
Cic — 2. Cadere, To happen, come to 
pass, occur, result, fall out (esp. in an 
unexpected manner): quum aliter res 
cecidisset, ac putasses, Cic— 3. Cadere 
in or ad irritum or cassum ; also with 
adj. irritus as predicate, To be frus- 
trated, fail, be or remain fi^uitless: 
Plaut.; Liv.; Tac. — E. To become 
lower, inferior (i. e. in strength, pow- 
er, worth, etc.); to decrease, diminish, 
lessen : cadunt vires, Lucr.: pretia 
militias, Liv. — F.: 1. To entirely lose 
strength, value, etc., to perish, vanish, 
decay, cease ; of the wind, to subside, 
die away, abate, etc.: turpius est priv- 
atim cadere quam publico, Cic: venti 
vis omnis cecidit, Liv.: non tibi in- 
gredienti fines ira cecidit ? id. — 2. Law 
t. (.: Cadere causa or formula, also 
cadere alone, To lose one's cause or 
suit; to be cast, etc: Cic; Quint.; 
Tac. — 3. Of theatrical representa- 
tions : To fall through, fail, be con- 
demned, gain no favour: securus cadat 
an recto stet fabula talo, Hor. — G. 
Rhet. and Gramm. I. t. : To terminate, 
end, close: verba melius in syllabas 
longiores cadunt, Cic. 

cadtice-ator, oris, m. [caduce- 
hs] (One with a caduceus ; hence) A 
herald sent to the enemy; an officer with 
a flag of truce : Liv. 

caduceum, i, n. -us, i, m. [akin to 
tiypvKaLoi/j iKolic tuLpvKwv'} X. Gen.: 

A herald's staff: Cic; Liv. IX . E sp.i 
The staff of Mercury , as messenger of 
the got Is, Suet. «f[ Hence, Fr. caduce'e, 
eaduc-i-fer, fera, ferum, adj. 
[cadue-eus ; (i) ; fer-o] Bearing $ 
herald's staff; an epithet of Mercury : 
Ov.— As Subst. : eaducifer, Sri, m. 
(sc. deus) The caduceus carrier, i. e. 
Mercuryj Ov. «fl" Hence, Fr. caducifere. 
cad-ucus, a, um, adj. [cad-o] I„ 
Prop. : A. Gen. : That falls or has 
fallen ; falling : f rondes volitare cad- 
ucas, Virg.: te triste lignum, te cad- 
ucum In domini caput immerentis, 
Hor. B. Esp.: Of those who fall in 
battle, etc. ; Falling or having fallen 
dead: bello caduci Dardanidaa, Virg. 
II. Met on.: A. Inclined to fall , thai 
easily falls: vitis, quee natura caduca 
est, etc., Cic. — B. Devoted to death, 
destined to die: juvenis, Virg. III. 
Fig.: A. Gen.: Frail, fleeting , perish' 
able: corpus, Cic. : fama, Ov. B. 
Esp.: Law t.t.: Caduca bona, etc., 
Goods that do not fall to the heir men- 
tioned in a will because he is childless; 
vacant, lapsed, etc. : Cic. — A s Subst. : 
cadueum, i, n. A void bequest, a 
lapsed legacy : Juv. f Hence, Fr. caduc. 
Cadurci, orum, m. The Cadurci; 
a people of Gallia Narbonensis (in 
mod. Cahors). — Hence, Cadurc«U9, 
a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining to, the 
Cadurci. — As Subst.: 1. Prop.: Cad- 
urcum, i, n. A Cadurcian coverlet, 
a coverlet of Cadurcian linen: Juv. — 
2. Me ton.: A bed ornamented ivilh a 
Cadurcian coverlet, a marriage bed; 

cadus, i, m. = KotSog : I. Prop. : 
A large earthen vessel for containing 
liquids (esp. wine) ; a bottle, flask, jar, 
jug: Virg.; Hor. II. Meton. : A, 
Wine: nee Parco cadis tibi destinatis, 
Hor. — B. A funeral urn: ae'nus, Virg. 
ca^c-i-gen-u/;,. i, m. [casc-us; (i) ; 
gen-o] One born vund : Lucr. 

Caecilius, i, m., -a, se, /. Ccec- 
ilius and Cwcilia ; name of a Roman 
gens.— Hence, 1. Cgecili-us, a, um, 
adj. Cvecilian, of Caicilius. — 2. Ceec- 
ili-anus, a, um, adj. Ccecilian. 

ceeoitas, atis, /. [caac-us] (7? t e 
state of the ccecus ; hence) Blindness, 
whether of body or mind : Cic. ^ 
Hence, Fr. cieM. 

easc-O, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. [id.] 
I. Prop. : To make blind, to blind: 
Lucr. II. Fig.: A. To blind: mentes, 
Cic— B, Of discourse : To make dark 
or obscure, to obscure: orationem, Cic. 
Caecubum, i, n. Ccecubum ; a 
marshy district in Southern Lat'mm, 
near Amy doe, distinguished for its pro- 
duce of wine. — Hence, Cascub-us, a, 
um, adj. Ccecuban. — As Subst. : Cee- 
cubum, i, n. (sc. vinum) Ccecuban 
wine: Hor. 

Caeculus, i, m. Cwculus; a son of 
Vulcan, founder of Prceneste. 

ceecus, a, um, adj. [etym. dub.] 
I. Prop.: Having no light, devoid oj 
light, not seeing, blind: csecus multos 
annos fuit, Cic. : corpus (the body 
where it cannot see, i. e.), the back. 
Sail,— As Subst. : ceecus, i, m. (sc- 



homo) A blind man: Hor. II. Fig.: 
Mentally or morally : Blind, blinded : 
caecus atque aniens tribunus, Cic. : 
cupiditas, Cic: (Comp.) Hypsasa casc- 
ior, Hor. III. Meton.: A.: 1. 
Physically : a. Of shoots, etc. : With- 
out buds or eyes: rami, PL — "b. Of the 
lightning : Ineffectual, powerless: caaci 
in nubibus ignes, Virg. — 2. Mentally 
or morally : Fruitless, empty, vain : 
exsecrationes, Li v. — B,: 1. That is not 
or cannot be seen or known; invisible, 
concealed, hidden, secret, occult, obscure, 
dark : fores, private, Virg.: vulnus, a 
concealed, secret wound, Lucr. : but 
also, icounds upon the back, Virg. : 
fata, Hor.— 2. Of the hearing : Dull, 
lotv: murmur, Virg. — C.: 1. Physic- 
ally : Where nothing can be seen, dark, 
obscure: caligo, Virg. : domus, without 
windows, Cic. — 2. Mentally or moral- 
ly : Uncertain, doubtful : spes, Cic. : 
eventus, Vii'g. 

C8ed-es, is,/, [casd-o] 1. A cutting 
or lopping off: ligni atque frondium, 
Gell.— 2.: a. Prop.: (a) Of persons: 
A cutting down, slaughter (esp. in battle 
or by an assassin): a murdering , mur- 
der : casern {the deadly slaughter, con- 
flict) in qua P. Clodius occisus est, 
Cic. : civium, Nep.- (b) Of animals 
(esp. of victims): Slaughter: studiosus 
cocdis fcrinee (i.e. ferarum), Ov.: bi- 
dentium, Hor. — b. Meton. : (a) A 
person slain or murdered; the slain: 
plenae caedibus viae, Tac. — (b) Blood 
shed in slaughter ; gore : casde madentes, 

caedo, cecldi, cassum, casdere, 3. 
v. a. [causat. from cado] (To cause to 
fall; hence) I. Gen.: A. Prop.: To 
cut, fell, lop, cut down, hew, throw 
down, cut off, cut to pieces: quam (sc. 
silvam) nulla ceciderat a^tas, Ov. : 
quod juberctur certo in loco silicem 
casdere, Cic. B. Fig. : Casdere ser- 
inones, To converse, talk, chat: Ter. 
II. Esp.: A.: 1. Prop.: To strike or 
cut something, or upon something; to 
thrust at; to beat, strike, cudgel, etc.: 
casdere januam saxis, Cic: servus sub 
furca cassus, Liv.— 2. Fig.: To over- 
throw, press, push hard: in judicio 
testibus cceditur, Cic. — B.: 1. Prop.: 
a. To strike mortally; to kill, murder : 
ille dies, quo Tib. Gracchus est cassus, 
Cic. — b. In milit. language : To slay 
a single enemy ; or, when a hostile 
army as a whole is spoken of, to con- 
quer with a great slaughter, cut to pieces, 
vanquish: casso prasposito, Suet.; Liv. 
--C. To slaughter animals, esp. for 
offerings; to kill, slay, sacy^ifice: caesis 
apud Amalthasam tuam victimis, Cic. 
—2 Meton.: Of blood: To shed in 
slaying : caeso sparsuros sanguine flam- 
mam, Virg. 

csela-men, mis, n. [ca?l(a)-o] 
{That which is embossed, etc.; hence) 
A basso-relievo: clypei caelamina, Ov. 

C8ela-tor, oris, m. [id.] An artisan 
in basso-relievo, a carver, graver: Cic. 

eaela-tura, 83,/. [id.] I. Prop.: 

A carving, an executing of raised work 

or reliefs in metals or ivory; a forming 

i>f figures, an engraving, the art of the 


engraver: Quint. ; PI. II. Meton.: 
The en graved Jig ures themselves, carved 
work: PI. 

caelebs (eoe-), ibis, adj. [etym. 
dub.] I. Prop.: Unmarried, single 
(whether as a bachelor or a widower) : 
Mariiis caelebs quid again Calendis? 
Hor. II. Meton.: A, Of animals: 
Un mated: columba, PI. — B. Of trees 
near which no vine has been planted : 
Un wedded: plat anus, Hor. 

eseles,_caelestis, etc., v. ccel. 

csellb-atus, us, m. [caslebs, caslib- 
is] (The condition of a caslebs ; hence) 
Celibacy, single life: Suet.; Sen. 

csel-o, avi, atum, are, 1. r. a. [1. 
cael-um] I. Prop.: A. To engrave in 
relief upon metals or ivory (later also, 
to cast, found) ; to make raised work, to 
carve as an artist; to engrave, emboss : 
abacos complures ornavit argento 
auroque caelato, Cic. — B. To engrave 
or carve other materials: pocula ponam 
Fagina, caelatum divini opus Alcime- 
dontis, Virg. II. Meton.: A. To 
embroider with figures, to weave figures 
into a texture: velamina easlata multa 
arte, VaL — B. Of poetry : To compose 
skilfully: caelatumque novem muais 
(i. e. a novem musis) opus, Hor. 

1. cas-lum, i, n. [prob. for caad- 
lum; fr. casd-o] (The cutting thing; 
hence) The cliisel or burin of the sculp- 
tor or engraver ; a graver: Quint.; Stat. 

2. caelum, i, v. coelum. 
Cffi-mentum, i, n. [forcasd-ment- 

um] (The hewn thing; hence) Quarried 
stone: Cic; Hor. 

caena, as, etc., v. ccena, etc. 

Caeneus (dissyll.), ei, m. Kawevs. 
Caeneus; a girl originally named Catnis; 
daughter of El at us, changed by Neptune 
into a boy. — Ace to Virg. he again 
became a female. 

Caenina, as, f. Ccenina ; a town of 
Latium, near Rome. — Hence, 1 . Caen- 
in-enses, rum, m. - The inhabitants of 
Camina.~2. Caenln-us, a, um, adj. 
Of Ccenina. 

csepa (ce-), a?,/.; caepe (ce-),is ; 
in plur. only caepee (ce-), arum,/, 
[etym. dub.] An onion: Ov.; Hor. 

Caeraesi, orum, m. The Ccercesi; a 
pteople of Gaul. 

Ceere, n. indecl. (Gen. Oaaritis, /., 
Virg.: Abl. Casrete, id.) Caere; a very 
ancient city of Etruria ; previously 
called Agylla (now Cervetere). — Hence, 
Caer-es, Itis and etis, adj. Of, or 
pertaining to, Caere; Cceritic. — AsSubst. : 
Caerltes (-etes), um, m. (sc. cives) 
The inhabitants of Caere. 

eaer-Iinonia (better cer«), as, /. 
[usually referred to cura ; but rather 
akin to Sanscrit root kah or km, 
facere] (A doing or making; hence, 
with especial reference to religion, 
etc.) I. Prop.: A religious action or 
usage ; a sacred rite, religious ceremony: 
Cass. ; Cic n. Meton.: A. Holy 
dread, reverence, awe, veneration of the 
deity, as shown by outward acts : Cic. ; 
Tac. — B. Sanctity, sacred n ess, etc. : 
Caas.; Cic •([ Hence, Fr. ceHmonie. 

cseruleus («lus), a, um, adj. 
[etym. dub.; prps. akin to caesiusj 1. 

Dark-coloured, dark blue, cerulean, 
azure, sea-coloured, sea-green: cosli 
CEerula templa, Enn. : aquae, Ov.— • 
Ae Subs/.: caerula, orum, n. a. (sc. 
looa) The azure expanse ; the azure : 
Lucr.; Ov. — b. (sc. aaquora) The sea, 
the blue surface of the sea: Virg.— 2. 
Of objects that have relation to tli« 
sea : Azure: dii, sea-deities, Ov. — 3. 
Of rivei's, and things connected there- 
with: Azure, blue, etc.: Thybris, Virg.: 
Cydnus, Tib. — 4. Of other dark-blue 
objects: angues, Virg.: oculi (Ger- 
manorum), Tac. — 5. Dark, gloomy, 
dun-, sable, black: stant Manibus aras 
Casruleis moestas vittis, Virg. — 6. 
Dark green, green, greenish: cucumis, 

Caesar, Sris, m. [prob. Sanscrit 
keca, " hair "] (The haii'y one). Caesar ; 
a cognomen in the gens Julia. Of these 
the most celebrated was C. Julius Caesar, 
murdered by Brutus and Cassius, b. c, 
44.— Hence, Caesar-Iims (-lanus, 
-eus), a, um, adj. Of, or relating to, 
Julius Caesar; Caesarian. 

Csesarea (-ia), 33,/. C&sarea, or 
Cwsaria ; the capital of Cappadocia 
(now Kaisariah). 

caesari-atus, a, um, adj. [cassari- 
es] (Provided with hair; hence) Cov- 
ered with hair, having long hair , 

ceesarles, ei,/. [akin to Sanscrit 
keca, *'hair"] 1. The hair of the 
head; the locks, etc.: Virg.; Hor.— 2. 
The hair of the beard : v. 

cae-sim, adv. [for casd-sim ; fr. 
casd-o] I. P ro p.: A. G en.: By cutting, 
with cuts: Col. B. Esp.: Milit. t. t.i 
With the edge: Liv.; Suet. II. Fig.: 
Of style : In short clauses or sections, 
interruptedly : Cic. 

esesl-tius (-ctfus), a, um, adj. 
[eassi-us] Bluish, dark-blue: Plant. 

1. cseslns, a, um, adj. [etym. dub,] 
Of the eyes: Bluish gray, cat-eyed: 
oculi, Cic: (Sup.) cassissimus, Var. 

Caeso (Kas-), onis, m. [akin to 
Cassar] Caeso , a Roman name. 

Caeson-Ius, ti, m. (One pertaining 
to Ca?so), Ccesonius; a Roman name. 

C33S-pe-8 (ces-), pTtis, m. [prob. 
for eaed-pet-s ; fr. oEed-o ; pet-o] (Thi 
thing sought for being cut; hence) I r 
Prop,: A turf, sod cut out: Cic; 
Tac; Ov. II. Meton.: A. A hut, 
hovel, shed: Hor. — B, An altar of 
turf: Hor.— C. A g?*assy field, a green 
juid, turf: Virg.; Ov. 

C32s-tus (ces-), us, m. [for casd- 
tus ; fr. caed-o] (The striking ; the 
striking thing ; hence) A strap of bull's 
hide with balls of lead or iron sewed, in, 
bound round the hands and arms; a 
caistus, boxing-glove for pugilists : Cic; 
Virg. *H Hence, Fr. teste. 

cse-sus,.a, um (for caed-sus), P. ot 

caeterus, a, um, caetra, ae, v. cet, 

Caicus (Cay-), i, m., Kdi'ieo?. Cat- 
cus : 1 . A river of Greater Mysia, which 
takes its rise on Mount Teuthras, passes, 
near Pergamus, and falls into the sea at 
Lesbos (now the Mandr agora).— Z 
One of the companions of sEneas. 



Cai§t&, se, «e, es, /. Caieta: 1. 
The nurse of JEneas. — 2. A town and 
harbour in Lattum (now Gaeta). 

Gains (trisyil.),'ii, w.,-a, se,/. (of 
this latter the abbreviated form was 
an inverted C; e.g. 0) (pronounced 
G-aius, Gaia) Caius and Caia ; Roman 

cala, sb, /. =/caAo?. ^4 fogr or fr#Z<?£ 
of wood: Lucil. f Hence, Fr. cale. 

Calabria, se, f. Calabria; the 
country in Lower Italy from Tarentum 
to the promontory Japygium (now Terra 
d'Olranto).— Hence, Calaber, bra, 
urn, adj. Of Calabria, Calabrian. 

Calacta, oe, /., KaA^ Slkttj (Beau- 
tiful Beach). Calacta; a town on the 
north coast of Sicily (now Caronia). — 
Hence, Calactmus, i, m. An in- 
habitant of Calacta. 

Calaguris (»rris), is,/. Calagu- 
ris or Calagurris : 1. A town of II i- 
spania Tarraconensu i^now Loharra). 
■ — 2. A town of the Vdscones, in Spain, the 
birthplace of Quintilian (now Cala- 

Calais, idis, m., KaAcu?. Calais; 
the winged son of Boreas and Orithyia, 
and brother of Zetes, with whom lie ac- 
companied the Argonauts. 

calam-arlus, a, um, adj. [calam- 
us] Pertaining to a writing-reed: theea, 
a pen-case, Suet. 

Calamis, idis, m., K<£Aa/xi?. Cal- 
amis ; a distinguished Greek sculptor 
and artificer in metals. 

ealam-ister, tri, m. (-istrum, i, 
n., Plant.) [calam us] {That whiJi it 
made or formed like a calamus ; hence) 
I. Prop. : A hollow, tubular iron for 
curling the hair, a curling-iron, crisp- 
ing-pin : Gic. II. Pig.: Of style : Ex- 
cessive or artificial ornament, affecta- 
tion, flourish of words: Cic. 

calaniistr-atus, a, nm, adj. [cal- 
amister, calamistr-i] (Provided with a 
calamister ; hence) Curled with a curl' 
ing-iron, crisped, curled : coma, Cic. 

calam-Itas, atis, /. [etym. dub.: 
— referred by ancient grammarians 
and commentators to calam-us, thus 
indicating the condition or state of the 
calamus (from the effects of a storm, 
etc.); it is now mostly, yet on insuffi- 
cient grounds, assigned to ead-o, 
through a supposed obsol. adj. cad- 
am-is\ I, Gen.: Loss, misfortune, mis- 
hap, injury, calamity, disaster, ruin, 
adversity : Cic. ; Nep. II. B s p. : Of 
war: Misfortune, disaster, defeat; Sail.; 
Cees^ Jff Hence, Fr. catamite". 

calamitos-e, adv. [calamitos-ns] 
Unfortunately, miserably : Cic. 

calamit»5sus, a, um, adj. [for 
calamitat-osus ; fr. calamitas, calam- 
itat-is] (Full of calamitas; hence) 
1. That causes great damage or loss, 
very ruinous, disastrous, calamitous, 
destructive : calamitosa tempestas,Cic. : 
(Comp.) quid calamitosius ? Hor. : 
(Sup.) calamitosissimum bellum, Oic. 
— 2. Suffering great damage, exposed 
to injury, very unfortunate or miser- 
able, unhappy; homines f ortun a magis, 
quam culpa calamitosi,Cic f Hence. 
Fr. calamiteux. 

calamus, i, m. = «aA^o? : I. 
Prop.: A reed, cane: Ov. II. Met- 
on.: A. Of things made of reeds : 1. 
A reed-pen: Cic. —-2. A reed-pipe: 
Yirg.— 3. An arrow: Virg.— 4. A fish- 
ing-rod: Ov. — 5. A limed-twig '(for 
snaring birds) : Mart. — B. A straw of 
grain; a stalk, stem, blade: Virg. *fi 
Hence, Fr. chalumeau. 

calathiscus, i, m.~ KaXaOlaicos. 
A small wicker basket: Cat. 

calatlius, i, m. = K d\aOo<; : I. 
Prop.: A wicker basket, a hand-basket 
(of the form of a lily blossom, widening 
towards the lop) : Virg. ; O v. II. M e t- 
o n. : From similarity of form : A. A 
milk-bowl, milk-pail: Virg. — B. A 
wine-cup: Virg. 

cala-tor, oris, m. [1. cal(a)-o] (A 
caller or crier; hence) I. Gen.: A 
servant, attendant: Plaut. II. Esp.: 
A servant of priests : Suet. 

cala-tus, a, um, P. of cal(a)-o. 

Calauria (-ea), as, /. Calauria 
or Calaurea ; an island on the eastern 
coast of Argolis, consecrated to Latona 
(now Porro). 

calc-ar, aris, n. [calx, calc-is] (A 
thing belonging to the heel; hence) I. 
P r o p. : A spur : Liv. ; Virg. II. F i g. : 
A spur, stimulus, incitement: Lucr.; 

calca-tus, a, um, v. calc(a)-o. 

caleea*mentum (calcia-), i, n. 
[calce(a)-o] (That which shoes; hence) 
A shoe: Cic; PI. 

ealce-arium (calei»), ii, n. 
[calce-us] (A thing pertaining to a 
calceus; hence) Shoe-money: Suet. 

1. calcea-tus (calcia-), a, um, 
P. of calce(a)-o. 

2. calcea-tus (ealeifa-), us, m. 
[calce(a)-o] (Prop.: A furnishing with 
shoes; Meton.) A sandal, shoe: Suet. 

calce»o (calci-), avi, atum, are, 1 . 
v. a. [calce-us] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: 
To furnish with shoes, to put on shoes, 
to shoe: 1. Of persons: calceati et 
vestiti, Cic— 2. Of animals (the feet 
of which were furnished with shoes 
to be taken off and put on, not per- 
manently shod as with us) : mulas, 
Suet. B. Esp.: Pass, in reflexive 
force : To shoe one's self, to put on one's 
shoes: dum calciantur, PL II. Fig.: 
Part. Pass. : Of the teeth : Shod, i. e. 
well prepared for biting: Plaut. 

calceSl-arl'us (ealclol-), Ii, m. 
[calceol-us] ( One pertaining to calceoli ; 
hence) A shoemaker: Plaut. 

ealce5-lus, i, m. dim. [calceus, 
(uncontr. Gen.) calceo-i] A small shoe 
or half -boot: Cic 

caio-eus, ei, »Ius, ii, m. [1. calx, 
calc-is] (.4 thing belonging to the calx ; 
hence) A shoe, a half -boot (covering the 
foot above and below, while soleoe 
covered only the lower part) : Cic — 
The Romans when they reclined at 
table, laid aside their shoes ; hence, 
Calceos poscere, To demand one's shoes, 
i.e. to rise from table: PI. — The sen- 
ators wore a peculiar kind of this 
half -boot ; hence, Calceos mutare, To 
change one's shoes, i. e, to become sen- 
ator; Oic, 

Calchas, antis (Acc.tfnCalchanta, 

Virg. : — Abl. Calcha, Plaut.), m., 
KdAx a s (He that muses or ponders 
deeply). Calchas; a son of Thestor, 
the most distinguished seer among the 
Greeks, before Troy. 

1. calc-Jtro, prps. no perf. nor 
sup., are, 1. v.n. [l.calx, calc-is] (To 
do something with the heel; hence) I»: 
A. P r o p. : To strike with the heels, to 
kick : Of animals : mulas non calc- 
itrare, quum vinum biberint, PI. B- 
Fig. : To be stubborn or refractory: 
Cic. II. Of a dying person : To strike 
or beat convulsively with the feet, to 
writhe: madida resupinus arena Calc- 
itrat, Ov. 

2. ealcitr-o, onis, m. [1. calcitr-o] 
(Prop.: A kicker; Meton.) A boister- 
ous fellow, a blusterer: Plaut. 

calcius, ii, etc., v. calce. 
cale-O, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. [1. 
calx, calc-is] (To use the calx to; 
hence) I. Prop.: To tread something 
or upon something ; to tread under 
foot: momentum acervos, Ov. II. 
Fig. : A. To tread down, to oppress, 
trample upon: amorem, Ov.: libertas 
nostra calcatur, Liv. — B. To scorn, 
contemn, spurn, despise, abuse: fcedus, 
Stat. III. Meton.: A. To travel, 
visit, go upon, tread, pass over: calc- 
anda semel via leti, Hor.— B. Of the 
consequences of treading : To press to- 
gether close or firm ; to press in : hue 
ager ille malus dulcesque a fontibus 
mi else Ad plenum calcenfcur, Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. calquer. 

calc-iilus, i, m. dim. [2. calx, 
calc-is] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A small 
stone, a pebble : conjectis in os calculis, 
Cic. B. Esp.: A stone or pebble for 
voting (a black one denoting condemn- 
ation ; a white one, acquittal): calc- 
ulus immitem clcmittitur ater in 
urnam, Ov. II. M e t o n. : From the use 
of a stone or counter in reckoning : A 
reckoning, computing, calculating: ad 
calculos vocare aliquid, to subject some ■ 
thing to an accurate reckoning, Cic : 
ad calculos vocare aliquem, to settle 
accounts with one, to reckon with, Liv. 
IT Hence, Fr. calcul. 
caldus, a, um, etc., v. calid. 
Caledonia, se, /. Caledonia; the 
province of the ancient Britons, in the 
Highlands, or the north-west part of the 
present Scotland. — Hence, Caledon- 
1US, a, um, adj. Caledonian. 

cale-facio (cal-f-) , feci, factum, 
facgre, 3. v. a.: — Pass., cale-flo 
(calfio), f actus sum, fieri [cale-o ; 
facio] I. Prop.: To make warm or 
hot; to warm, heat: balineum calfieri 
jubebo, Cic: calfacit ignc focmn, 0y. 
II. Fig.: A. To disquiet, trouble, vex: 
calface hominem, Cic. — B. To heal, to 
rouse or excite a passion : calefactaque 
corda turnultu, Virg. — C. To pursue 
something with zeal : forum aleatorium 
calfecimus, Suet. 

calefac-to (calf-), no per/, nor 
sup., are, 1. v. a.freq. [calefac-io] lb 
make -warm; to warm, heat: I. Prop.: 
aquam, Plaut.: ahenum, Hor. II, 
F i g. : aliquem virgis, Plaut. 



calefac-tus (calf-), a, urn, P. of 

calefio, Teri, v. calefacio. 

Cal-endae (Kal-), arum, /. [1. 
cal-o ] ( Things to be called out or 
proclaimed; i. e. the Nones, whether 
they were to be on the fifth or seventh 
day of the month. And as the pro- 
clamation was always made by the 
pontiiices on the first day of each 
month ; hence) I. Prop.: The first day 
of the Roman month ; the Calends : Cic. ; 
Var. ; Ov. — On the Calends interest 
became due; hence (for the debtor), 
tristes, Hor. — A nd, since the Greek 
division of time had nothing correspond- 
ing to the Roman Calends, Pro v. : Ad 
Calendas G rrecas solvere, To pay at the 
Greek Calends, i. e. never: Augustus 
ap. Suet. — On the Calends of March 
married people and lovers celebrated 
tlie Matronalia ; hence, Martiis csclebs 
quid agam Calendis, Hor. II. Met- 
on. : A month: intra septimas Cal- 
endas, Mart. ^ Hence, Fr. Calendes. 

caleo, iii, no sup., ere (Part. Fut. 
caliturus, Ov.), 2. v. n. [etym. dub.] 

1. Prep.; To be warm or hot ; to glow: 
calere ignem, nivem esse albam, Cic. 
II. Fig : A. To glow in mind; to be 
roused warmed, inflamed: Cic: ad- 
mirando, irridendo calebat, Cic: fe- 
rn ina calere, to become enamoured of, 
Hor. — B. To be troubled, perplexed, 
etc.: te calere puto, Cic— C. Of ab- 
stract subjects: To be warmed; to be 
urged on by zeal: posteaquam satis 
calere re.-= Eubrio visa est, seemed 
sufficiently warmed, i. e. ripe for ex- 
ecution, Cic. — D. To be yet warm, new, 
or fresh: rumores de comitiis calu- 
erunt, Cic. % Hence, Fr. chaloir. 

Cales, rum, /. f'ales; a town in 
Southern Campania, celeWated for its 
wm<?(now Calvi). — Hence, Cal-erms, 
a, urn, adj. Of Cales, Calenian. — As 
Subsf.: 1. Calenus, i, m.: a. (sc. 
ager) The Calenian district. — b. (sc. 
civis) A man of Cales; a Calenian. — 

2. Calenum, i, n.: a. (sc. vinum) 
Calenian wine. — b. (sc. municipium) 
= Cales. 

cale-seo, noperf. nor sup., score, 3. 
v. n. inch, [cale-o] I. Prop.: To grow 
or become warm or hot: anima calescit 
ab ipso spiritu, Cic II. Fig.: To 
become mentally hot or excited; to glow, 
be inflamed (esp. with love): flarnma 
propiore, Ov. 

Caletes, um, «i, orum, m. The 
Cateies or Caleti; a people of Belgic 

ealfacio, v. calefacio. 

calida, re, etc., v. calidns. 

calM-e, adv. [calid-us] Quickly, 
immediately, promptly : Plaut. 

cal-idus (cal-dus), a, um, adj. 
[cal-eo] I. P r o p. : Warm, hot : omne 
quod est igneum et calidum, Cic : 
(Comp.) calidior est . . . animus, quam 
Mc aer : (Sup.) hicmes calidissimre, 
Vitr. — As Subst.: A. calida (cald-), 
re, /. (sc. aqua) Warm water : Tac — 
B. calidum (cald-), V, n. A hot' 
drink (a mixture of wine and boiling 
hot water): Plaut. II. Fig.: A. 

Fiei^y, rash, eager, spirited, fierce, im- 
passioned, vehement : periculosa et 
calida consilia, Cic: (Comp.) caldior 
est, Hor. — B. Quick, ready, prompt: 
mendacium, Plaut. ^[ Hence, Fr. 

caHendrnm, i, n. A caliendrum; 
a kind of female head-dress : Hor. 

caliga, re, /. [prob. akin to calx] 
A shoe of leather, esp. that worn by the 
Roman soldiers ; a half boot, a soldier's 
boot: Cic 

caligln-ostis, a. nm, adj. [1 .caligo, 
caligin-is] Full of vzist, covered with 
mist, dark, obscure, gloomy: caelum, 
Cic. *fi Hence, Fr. caligineux. 

1. cal-igo, mis, /. [prps. akin to 
cel-o] I. Prop.: A thick atmosphere ; a 
mist, vapour, fog: Liv. ; Virg. II. 
Me ton.: A. Darkness, obscurity (pro- 
duced by mist, fog, etc.): qunm alt- 
itudo caliginem oculis obfudisset, i. e. 
had occasioned dizziness of sight, Liv. 
— B. Medic t. t. : Dim-sightedness, 
weakness of the eyes: Cels.; PI. III. 
Fig.: A. Of the mind: Blindness, 
dimness of perception : oreca mentem 
caligine consitus, Cat. — B, Of dismal 
circumstances : Calamity, afllktion : 
tempo rum, Cic. 

2. cal-igo, noperf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. and a. [id.] I. Neut. : A. P r o p. : 
To be involved in a thick atmosphere, 
mist, ox vapour: Col. B. Me ton.: 1. 
To be involved in darkness; to be dark, 
gloomy: caligans lucus, Virg. — 2. To 
be troubled with weakness of the eyes, 
to be dim-sighted : caligans Thyestes, 
Mart. C. Fig.: To be surrounded 
with dark?iess, to grope about in the 
dark: ad quas (sc. vires religionis) 
etiamnum caligat humanum genus, 
PI. II. Act.: To veil in darkness, to 
make dark, to obscure: mortales visus, 

Calig-ula, re, m. [calig-a] (A 
small caliga). Caligula; a cognomen 
of the successor of Tiberius, since from 
his youth he employed himself in military 

calix, Icis, m. = Kv\ifj : I. Prop.: 
A cup, goblet, dr inking -vessel : Cic. 
II. Me ton.: A. Wine: Cat. — B. A 
cooking-vessel, pot: Ov. % Hence, Fr. 

call-So, no pe.J. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. and a. [call-um] I. Prop. : 
Neut.: To be callous, thick-skinned: 
aprugnum callum callet, Plaut. II. 
Fig.: A. Neut.: 1. To be hardened, 
obtuse, insensible: Cic — 2. To be pract- 
ised, tcise by experience, skilful, well 
versed : omncs homines ad suum 
qurestmn callent, Plant.— B. Act.: To 
know by experience or practice; to know, 
have the knowledge of, undsi^stand: 
jura, Cic: legitimum sonum digitis 
callemus et aure, Hor. 

Calibrates, is, m., KaXKucpa.Tr)? 
(One powerful with beauty). Calli- 
crates; an Athenian. 

callid-e, adv. [callid-ns] 1. Skil- 
fully, cleverly, right well: (Comp.) 
callidius interpretari, Tac. : (Sup.) 
callidissime conjicere, Nep. — 2. Cunn- 
ingly, slyly : callide accedere, Cic. 

callid^tas, fttis, /. [id. J (Th* 
quality of the callidus; hence) 1« In 
a good sense : Shrewdness, skilfulness^ 
readiness, ap>tness: Ov.; Tac; Nep,— 
2.: a. Prop.: (a) Cunning, craft, 
slyness, artfulness: Ter.; Cic; Ov. — 
(b) Stratagem (in tear): Liv. — b. 
Fig.: Of oratorical artifice: Cic 

call-idus, a, um, adj. [call-eo] 
(Knowing by experience or practice ; 
hence) 1. In a good sense : a. Prop.: 
Ingenious, prudent, dexterous, skilful: 
(Comp.) Demosthene nee gravior qui**- 
quam exstitit, nee callidior, Cic. : 
(with Gen.) rei militaris, Tac — b. 
Me ton.: Of things: W ell -ivr ought; 
ingenious, skilful: (Sup.) calidissimum. 
artilicium, Cic— 2. In a bad sense: 
a. Prop.: Crafty, cunning, artful, sly; 
ad fraudem callidi, Cic — b. Fig.: 
Of things : Crafty, cunning, artful, 
sly: consilium, Ter.: audacia, Cic. 

Callifas, arum,/. Call if as; a town 
of the Hirpini (now prps. Car if e). 

Callimachus, i, m., KaAAt^axos 
(The noble or glorious fighter). Cal- 
limachus ; a Greek poet and gramma- 
rian of Cyrene. 

Calliope, es («ea, re), /., KaAAt 
oTTt], KfxAAtoTreta (One having a beau- 
tiful voice): I. Prop.: A. Calliope 
or Calliopea ; the chief of the Muses, 
goddess of epic poetry, and, in the poets, 
sometimes of every other kind of poetry ; 
the mother of Orpheus, and of the Sirens. 
II. Meton.: Collectively: A. The 
Muses : vos, ! Calliope, precor, a- 
spirate canenti, Virg. — B. Poetry: 
quern mea Calliope lrescrit, Ov. 

Callirrhoe (in the poets -irhoe), 
es, /., KaAAippo?), KaAAipoTj (Beau- 
tiful Stream) . Callirrho'e, or Call irhoe ; 
daughter of the Achelous, and second 
wife of Alcmwon. 

callis, is, m. (fern. Luor.; Lav.) 
[etym. dub.; prps. akin to /ce'A-eu#osj 
I. Prop.: A stony, uneven, narrow 
fool-way ; a foot-path, a mountain-path, 
etc; a path (made by the treading of 
cattle) : Cic ; Virg. ; Liv. II. M e t o n. : 
A course, race-ground: Lucr. 

Callisthenes, is, m., Ka\\ia6ein)<s 
(One with beauty and strength). Cai- 
listhenes ; a 2>hi/osopher of Oiynihus, a 
friend of A lexander the 'Great ; put to 
death by him for his freedom of speech. 

Callisto, us (Dat. Callisto, Cat.), 
/., KaAAtcrTw (She that is most beau, 
tiful). Callisto ; a daughter of an 
Arcadian king, Lycaon, and mother of 
Areas; changed by Juno into a she-bear, 
and then placed among the constella- 
tions by Jupiter, as Helice or Ursa 

call-osus, a, nm, adj. [call-um] 
(Full of callum ; hence) I. Prop.: 
With a hard skin, thick-skinned, callous . 
(Comp.) callosior cutis, PI. II. M e t- 
on.: Close, thick, hard, solid: ova, 
Hor.: olivre, PI. ( f Hence, Fr. cal- 

callum, i, n. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: The hard, thick skin upon 
animal bodies : Cic; PI. II. Meton.: 
The hard flesh of certain animals; 
Plant.; PI. HI. Fig.: HardnteSf 



CaPnnsness, insensibility, stupidity: Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. cal. 

1 . cal-o (kal-), no per/., at-um, are, 
1. v. a.~Ka\-to. To call, call out, pro- 
claim, call together, summon, convoke; 
only as t. L in reference to religious 
matters ; calata Comitia, a kind of 
torn it la held for the purpose of con- 
secrating a priest or a king : G-ell. — 
Hence, sarcastically, calatis gran is 
(instead of comitiis, as might have 
been expected), Cic. 

2. cal-o, onis, m. [cal-a] (One hav- 
ing or with a cala ; hence) I. Prop. : 
A soldie?*'s servant: Cass.: Tac. II. 
Me ton.: A low servant, drudge: Cic; 

cal»or, oris, m. [cal-eo] I. Prop.: 

A. Gen.: Warmth, heat, glow: Lucr.; 
Cic; Virg. B. Esp.: 1. Of vital 
heat: Cic; Virg. — 2. Summer heat, 
the warmth of summer: Cic. — 3. The 
glow of a hot wind: Virg.; Hor. — 4. 
The heat of a fever: Tib. II. Met- 
on.: Summer, hot weather: Lucr.; 
Liv. III. Pig.: A. Mental warmth ; 
the heat of passion, fire, zeal, ardour, 
impetuosity, vehemence : PL; Quint. — 

B. The fire of love, ardent love: Ov.; 
Hor. % Hence, Fr. chaleur. 

Calpurnlus, ii, in. -a, a?,/. Cal- 
purniusnnd Calpumia; 
— Hence, Calpurni-us, (-anus), 
a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, a 
Calpurnius ; Calpurnian. 

caltha, as,/. Thecaltha; a strong 
smelling flower of a yellow colour; 
probably the pot marigold : Virg. 

calth-ula, as,/, [calth-a] (A thing 
pertaining to a caltha ; hence) A caltha- 
coloured women's garment: Plant. 

calu-mnia (anciently ka-), as, /. 
[prob. for calv-mnia, fr. calv-or ; and 
so, a deceiving or deluding ; sts. con- 
sidered akin to celo] I. Prop.: A. 
Law /. t.: Artifice, chicanery , prevaric- 
ation, trick, iviles, perversion of law, 
false accusation : Cic. — B. In common 
life : Intrigue, chicanery, trick, arti- 
fice ; a false, sophistical interpretation ; 
a perverting or wresting of a matter; 
sophistry : impediti, ne triumpharent, 
calumnia paucorum, Sail. II. Met- 
on.: A. An action concerning a ca- 
lumnia : calumnian afferre ad ponti- 
fice*, Liv.: calumniam jurare, to swear 
that one does not bring a malicious ac- 
cusation, Cic. — B. Over anxiety, need- 
less apprehension : Oic. «jf Hence, Fr. 

calumma-tor (anciently kal»), 
6ris, m. [calumm(a)-or] 1. A contriver 
of tricks or artifices ; a pettifogger, per- 
vertor of law, detractor. — 2. Calumni- 
ator sui, One who is too anxious in 
regard to his icork, or over-scrupulous : 
VI. ^[ Hence, Fr. calomniateur. 

caliimm-or (anciently kal-), 
atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. [calumni-a] 
I. Prop.: A. Law t. L: To contrive 
artifices, tricks, wiles, or false accusa- 
tions; to attack with artifice or false 
accusations: ludificari et calnmniari, 
Cic. — B, To censure, attack in a sophist- 
ical or unfair manner : nam quod j 
antea calumniatu* sum, indicabo mal- 

itiam meam, Cic. II. Meton.: A. 

To torment one's self with groundless 
care or anxiety: calumniabar ipse, 
Cic.— B. Calnmniari sc, To correct 
one's self loo anxiously, to depreciate 
one's own work : Quint. «j[ Hence, 
Fr. calomnier. 

calv»a, a3,/. [calv-eo] (That which 
is bald ; hence) The bare scalp : Liv. 

calv^eo, no perf., nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. [calv-us] To be bald: PI. 

ealv«ities, ei, /. [id.] Baldness: 
Suet, f Hence, Fr. calvitie. 

calv°.itmm, ii, n. [id.] Baldness: 

calvor, no perf, i, 3. v. dep. [etym, 
dub.] To deceive, delude: Plant. 

calvus, a, um, adj. [prps. akin 
to Germ, kahl] Bald, without hair: 
Plaut. f Hence, Fr. chauve. 

1. calx, calcis, /. (sts. in.) [etym. 
dub.: perhaps transp. from Aa'£, 
whence, also, Aa/cri^w] I. Prop.: 
The heel : certare pugnis, calcibus, un- 
guibus, Cic. -—Particular com- 
binations: Casdere calcibus, to 
strike with the heels, to kick: Plaut.: 
calces remittcre, to throw back the heels, 
i.e. to kick, Nep. II. Meton.: The 
foot : calcemque terit jam calce, Virg. 

2. calx, calcis,/. (sts. m.) [^aAif] 
1. A small stone used in gaming, a 
counter: Plaut. —2.: a. Prop. ; Lime- 
stone; lime, whether slaked or un- 
slaked : Lucr. ; Cic. — b. Meton.: 
The terminus of a race-course (ancient- 
ly marked with chalk) : the goal : Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. chaux. 

Calydon, onis (Ace. Calydonem, 
Plaut.; Or. Ace. Calydona, Virg. ; Ov.), 
/., KaAu<W. Calydon ; a very ancient 
town of ^Etolia, on the River Evenus. 
It was the abode of CEneits, father of 
Meleager and Deianira, and grand- 
father of Diomedes. — Hence, 1. Ca.1- 
ydon-ius, a, um, adj. Calydonian: 
heros, i. e. Meleager, Ov. — 2. Cal- 
ydon«is,Idis, adj.,/. Calydonian. — As 
Subst.: Calydonis, idis,/.(5c. mulier) 
The Calydonian woman, i. e. Deianira. 
Calymne, es, /., KaXvixvi). Ca- 
lymne; an island in the /Egean Sea, near 
Rhodes, celebrated /or its honey. 

Calypso, us (Ace. Calypso, Ov.), 
/., KaXvxjjM (Hider or Concealer). 
Calypso ; a nymph, daughter o/ Atlas 
(or Oceanus), who ruled in the island 
Ogygia, in the Sicilian Sea. She' received 
Ulysses as a guest, and with the greatest 
unwillingness allowed him to continue 
his voyage. 

camara, as, v. camera. 

Camarlna (Comer-), as (Gr. 
A cc. Camarinan, Ov.), /. Ka/xaptVa. 
Camarina; a city on the south-west coast 
o/ Sicily, a colony /rom Syracuse (now 
Camara nd). 

Cambyses, is, m., KafxPvo-ry;. 
Cambyses : 1 . The husband o/ Mandane, 
and /either o/ the elder Cyrus.~-2, The 
son and successor o/ the elder Cyrus. ■ 

camella, as, /. [etym. dub.] A 
wine-goblet, wine-cup: Ov. 

camelns, i,m. = /ox/jit? Aos. A camel: 
Cic. ' L Hor. «SF Hence, Fr. chameau. 

Camena, -eena, -oena (anciently 

casmena, ace. to Var.), as,/, [probe 
akin to Sanscrit root cams, narrare, 
laudare; Lat. root can-o] (She who 
narrates or praises ; hence) I. Prop.: 
A muse : acceptus no vein Oamenis, 
Hor. II. M e t o n. : Poetry : summa 
dieende Camena, Hor. 

camera (»ara), as, /.-Ka^dja: 
I. Prop.: A vault, an arched roof an 
arch : Cic. ; Sail. II. Meton.: A Jiai 
ship with cm arched covering (used by 
those dwelling on the Black Sea) : Tac. 
«f Hence, Fr. chambre. 

Camoria, as,/., -mxn T ii, n., Ka- 
fiepia. Cameria or Camerium; a town 
o/ Latium. 

Camerinum, i, n. Camerwum,; a 
town in Umbria (now Camerino). — 
Hence, Camer-s, ertis, adj. Camert- 
ian, o/ Camerinum. — As Subst. : Ca° 
mertes, mm, m. The Camerles.— 
Hence, Camert-Inus, a, um, adj. 
0/, or pertaining to, the Camertes. 

Camermus, i, m. Camerinus: 
I. Prop.: A cognomen of the gens 
Sulpicia. II. Meton.: A person of 
rank: Juv. 
cameras, v. camurus. 
Camilla, as,/. Camilla; a Yolscian 
heroine, who perished in the war between 
sEneas and Turnus. 

Camillus, i , m. Camillus ; a cogno- 
men of several persons in the gens Furia; 
the most distinguished of whom was 
M. Furius Camillus, who conquered 
Veii, and delivered Rome from tiie 

camlrms, i, m. = -q «aV^o? : I. 
Prop.: A. A smelting furnace ; a 
forge: Ov.— B. The forge or smithy oj 
Vulcan and the Cyclopes under sEttia: 
Virg. — C. Afire-place: Hor. II. Fig.: 
An incessant or zealous labour: Juv. 
III. Meton.: Fire : Cic. — Pro v. : 
Oleum addere camino, To pour oil 
upon the fire, i. e. to aggravate an evil: 
Hor. % Hence, Fr. cheminde. 

cammarus (ganim-), i, m. *■ 
KafAfxapos. A lobster : Juv. 
Camcena, as, v. Camena. 
Camp-ania, as, /. [camp-us, the 
plain, the level country] Campania ; 
a very fruitful and luxu?Hous province 
in Middle Italy, of which the chief city 
was Capua (now Terra di Lavoro). — 
Hence, Campan-us (-lus, -Icus), 
a, um, adj. Campanian, of Campania : 
Campanus morbus, a kind of wart 
endemic in Campania, Hor. — As Subst.: 
Campani, orum,m. (sc. incolas) 2'he 
inhabitants of Campania, the Campani- 
ans. % Hence, Fr. Campanic. 

campe, es, f.—Kdixrrt]. A crooked 
turn : campas dicere, to seek evasions, 

camp-ester (-estris), estris, 
estre, adj. [camp-us] 1. Of, or pertain- 
ing to, a field; Jiai, champaign, level: 
campestres ac demissi loci, Cass. : 
Scythas, dwelling in plains, Hor. — As 
Subst. : campestria, mm, n. (sc. 
loca) Plain, fiat land ; level ground : 
Tiic— 2. Relating to the Campus Marl- 
ius : ludus, Cic. — As Subst. : camp=> 
estre, is, n. (A thing pertaining ta 
the Camms i^artius ; hence, as beini 



originally used there) A leathern 
apron worn about the loins, a wrestling 
apron, a kilt : Hor.— 3. Pertaining to 
the comitia held in the Campus Martius: 
Liv. "|f Hence, Fr. champUre. 

campus, i, m. [prob. akin to 
Krjiros] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: An even, 
fiat place; a plain, field: Cic. ; Liv. ; 
Hor. B. Esp. : 1. A grassy plain 
in Rome, along the Tiber, originally 
belonging to the Tarquinii, after whose 
expulsion it was dedicated to Mars ; 
hence called Campus Martius; a place 
of assemblage for the Roman people at 
the Comitia Centuriata. Jt was also 
frequented by the Romans for games, 
exercise, and recreation ; a place for 
military drills, etc. : Cic. ; Liv. ; Hor. 
~2. A level surface, e.g. of the sea or 
a rock : cscruleos per campos, Plaut.: 
immotaattollitur inula Campus, Virg. 

II. Fig.: A free, open space for any 
kind of action ; a place of action ; a 
field, theatre, etc.: rhetorum campus 
de Marathone, Salamine, etc., Cic. 

III. Me ton.: A. The produce of the 
field, the crops: moriturque ad sibila 
(sc. serpen tis) campus, Stat. — B. The 
comitia held in the Campus Martius: 
Cic. *|f Hence, Fr. champ. 

camurus (-erus), a, um, adj. 
[etym.dub.] Crooked, turned inwards: 
camuris sub cornibus aures, Virg. 

Cana.ce, es, /., Kavdicr). Canace: 
1. A daughter of JEolus : Cic— 2. The 
name of a hound: Ov. 

canalis, is, m. (sts. /.) [akin to 
Sans, root khan, "to, dig"] {That 
which is dvg; hence) I. Prop.: A 
channel, canal : effosso montecanalcm 
absolvit,Suet. II. Meton.: Of water: 
A pipe; a trough; a conduit: enrr- 
entem ilignis potare canalibus und- 
ftm, Virg, Tf Hence, Fr. canal. 

canceWi, orum, m. dim. [for 
canc(e)r-li ; fr. 2. cancer, cancr-i. I. 
Prop.: A lattice, inclosure, grating, 
grate, balustrade, bars, railings: Cic; 
Best. II. Fig.: Boundaries, limits: 
Cic III. Meton.: A space inclosed 
by boundaries : ITirt. 

1 . cancer, cri ( den. canceris, Lncr. 
— Ace. Plur. cancercs, Cato), m. [*ap- 
kii'os] I. Prop.: A river-crab, sea- 
crab: Virg.; Ov. II. Meton.: A. 
The Crab ; the sign of the zodiac in 
u-hich the sun is found at the summer 
solstice: Ov.— B. For the region of the 
south: Ov. — C. To designate great or 
violent heat: Ov. — D. Medic /. t.: An 
eating, suppurating ulcer; a cancer: 
Ov. *$ Hence, Fr. cancer, cancre, 

2. cancer, cri, m. [akin to /ay/cAi'?] 
A lattice: Fest. 

cand-e -f acio , feci , f actu i n , f acere, 
3. v. a. —Pass, cande-flo, factus 
sum, fieri [cand-eo ; (e)facio] To make 
dazzhngly white : Plaut. ; Gell. 

cande-la, jb, /. [cande-o] {The 
glittering thing; hence) I. Prop.: A. 
Gen.: A taper or light; a wax light, 
tallow candle: Juv.; Mart. II. Met- 
on.: A. Fire : Juv.— B. A cord covered 
with wax (to prevent decay): Liv. % 
Hence, Fr. chandelle. 

candela-brum, i, n. [candela, 
(uncontr. Gen.) candela-i] {A candle- 
bearer ; hence) I. Prop.: A candle- 
stick, a candelabrum tor holding tapers: 
Mart. II. M e ton.: A lamp-stand, a 
lamp-pillar : Cic. f Hence, Fr. cande- 

cande-ns, ntis : l.P. of cande-o. 
2. Pa.: Glittering , glistening \ brilliantly 
white, shining, etc. : elephantus,t>. ivory, 
Virg.: {Comp.) candentior Phoebus, 
Val. Fl.: {Sup.) siduscandentissimum, 

candeo, ui, no sup., ere, 2. v. n. 
[etym. dub.: prob. akin to oanus,can- 
eof I. Prop.: To be of brilliant or 
glittering whiteness; to shine, glitter, 
glisten : ubi canderet vestis, Hor. II. 
Meton.: To glow {with a glistening 
colour); to be glowing hot: Dionysius 
candente oarbone sibi adurebat capill- 
um, Cic. III. Fig.: To glow with 
passion : candereira, Claud. If Hence, 
Fr. {se) candir, " to candy." 

cande-sco, cnndiii, no sup., cande- 
scere, 3. v. n. inch, [cande-o] I. P r o p, : 
To become of a bright, glittering ichite; 
to begin to glisten : solet aer candescerc, 
Ov. II. Meton.: To become red hot, 
to begin to glow : f errum candescit in 
igni, Lucr. 

candldator-lus, a, nm,adj. [cand 
ido, through obsol. candida-tor, '• one 
who clothes himself in white," i. e. '' 
candidate "] Of, or pertaining to, a 
candidate : munus, Cic. 

candida-ttis, a, um, adj. [cand- 
id(a)-o] Clothed in white: cequius vos 
erat candidatas venire, Plaut. — As 
Subst. : candidates, i, m. : 1 . P r o p. : 
A candidate for office, because clothed 
in a bright white toga : Cic. ; Suet. ; 
Veil.— 2. Fig.: One who strives after 
or aims at a thing ; a claimant: Atticas 
eloquentire, Quint. *[f Hence, Fr. 

candid-e, adv. [candid-us] 1. In 
bright white: Plaut.— 2.. Clearly, can- 
didly, sincerely : Script, ap. Cic. 

eandi'd-ulus, a, um, adj. dim. 
[id.] Shining white: dentes, Cic. 

cand-Idus, a, um, adj. [cand-eo] 
I. P r o p. : A. Gen.: Glistening, dazzl- 
ing white, -white, clear, bright: Candida 
luna, Virg. : {Sup.) candidissimus 
color, Vitr.: Dido, i. e. exquisitely fair 
and beautiful, Virg.: {Comp.) pectora 
purls nivibus candidiora, Ov.: popu- 
lus, the white or silver poplar, Virg.: 
toga, made brilliantly white by fulling, 
Liv. — An Subst.: candidum, i, n. A 
white thing; the white of any thing: 
ovi, i. e. the white of an egg, PL— 
Prow.: Of falsehood: Candida de 
nigris facere, To -make black white, Ov. 
so, nigrum in Candida vcrtere, Juv 
B. Esp.: With white garynents, clothed 
in white: turba, Tib.: Eoma (=Rom- 
ani), Mart. II. Fig.: A. Of the 
voice : Distinct, clear, pure, silver- 
toned: Quint. — B. Of style or an 
orator : Clear, perspicuotis, flowing, 
artless, unaffected: Cic; Quint. — C. 
Of mind, character, etc.: Unblemished, 
pure, guiltless, honest, upright, sincere, 
fair, candid, frank, open: Hor.; Ov. 

— D. Of condition or circumstances ; 
IJappy, fortunate, prosperous, lucky: 
convivia, joyful, Ov?; Prop.; Tib. — B« 
Candida sentential calculus albus, i. e* 
a vote of acquittal, Ov. III. Meton.' 
Of the wind . Making clear, cloud-dis- 
pelling, purifying : Hor. % Hence, 
Fr. can elide. 

cand-or, oris, m. [id.] 1. A daz, 
zling, glossy whiteness ; a clear lustre, 
clearness, radiance, brightness, brilli- 
ancy, splendour, etc: solis candor 
illustrior est quam tillins ignis, Cic: 
niveus, Ov.— 2. Of style: a. Brilli- 
ancy, splendour: Cic. — b. Simplicity, 
naturalness: Quint.— 3. Of mind or 
character : Purity, integrity, sincerity, 
openness, frankness: Ov. ; PL — 4. 
Glow, heat : sestivus, Claud. % Hence, 
Fr. candeur. 

1. cane-ns, ntis, P. of cane-o. 

2. can-ens, entis, P. of can-o. 
can-eo, ui, no sup., ere, 2. v. n. 

[can-us] To be white, gray, or Iwaryx 
dum gramina canent, Virg. 

Canephoros, i {Gr. Norn. Plur. 
Canephorce, Cic, /, = Kac-rj^opos 
(Basket-carrier). A Canephoros ; i. e. 
a painting or statue representing an 
Athenian maiden carrying on her head, 
in certain festivals, sacred utensils in a 
wicker basket: PL; Cic. % Hence, Fr. 

canes, is, v. canis. 

cane-sco, no perf. nor sup., score, 
3. v. n. inch, [cane-o] I. Prop.: To 
become white, gray, or hoary: queritur 
eanesceve mitis Iivsiona Ceres, Ov. II. 
Fig.: Of style : To become stale, in- 
sipid, or senile: quum oratio nostra 
canescerct, Cic. 

can-ieiila, a3, /. dim. [can-is] A 
little dog ox bitch: I. Prop.: PL II. 
Fig.: Of a passionate, quarrelsome 
woman: Plaut. III. Meton.: A. 
The heat-bringing Dog-star, in the mouth 
of the constellation Canis : Hor.; Ov. — 
B. The worst throw m a game at dice^ 
the dog-throw: Pers. % Hence, Fr. 

Canidia, ee,/. Canidia; asorctress } 
often mentioned by Horace. 

Caninius, li, m. Caninius ; a Rom- 
an name.— Hence, Canin-ianus, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Ca. 

can-inus, a, um, adj. [can-is] Of, 
or pertaining to, a dog; canine, dog- : 
I. Prop.: rictus, Juv.: sca^va canina, 
a favourable augury taken from meeting 
a dog or from its baj'king, Plaut. II. 
Fig.: verba, snappish words, Ov. % 
Hence, Fr. canin. 

can-is (-es, Plant.), is, comm. gen, 
[akin to Sanscrit cvan, Gr. /a/wr, 
icu»'-os] I. Prop.: A dog: Virg. II„ 
F i g. : As a term or contempt : Dog, 
hound: Cic; Hor. III. Meton.: A. 
A constellation ; the Dog : major or 
Icarius, whose brightest star is the 
i Dog-star (canicula); and minor, min- 
' usoulus, or Erigoneius (commonly 
: called antecanis): Ov.; Vitr.; Var.— - 
IB. The sea-dog: PL: and mythically, 
I of the dogs of Scylla. Virg. — C. Tht 
worst throw in a game at dice, the do§r 


% Hence, Fr. chien, 


throw: Prop. 

canistra, orum, n.—tcdvacrTpa. A 
basket woven from reeds, a bread-, 
fruit-, /lower', etc., basket (esp. for 
neligkuis use in sacrifices): Cic; Ov. 

canities, em, e (other cases do 
not appear to be in use),/, [can-us] 
{The stale of the canus ; hence) I, 
2 r o p. : A gray or grayish-white colour, 
hoariness: Ov.; PL II. Me ton.: A. 
Gray hair: Cat. — B« Hoary age: Hor. 
f Hence, Fr. can Hie. 

carina, re, f. — K&vva. I. Prop,: 
A reed, cane: palustris,Ov. II, Met- 
on.: 01' things made of reeds : A. A 
reed-pipe, flute : Sil. — B. A small 
vessel, gondola: Juv. % Hence, Fr. 

cannabis, is, /., -bum, i, n.= 
Kavvafiis, Kavvo-fios. Hemp : Var. ; 
Col. ; PI. ; Pers. «jf Hence, Fr. chanvre, 

Cannse, arum ,/. Canncc ; a village 
in Apulia, famous for the victory of 
Hannibal, over the Romans B.C. 216 
(now Canne).— Hence, Cann-ensis, 
e, adj. Of Cannae, Cannensian. 

cano, cecini, no sw^., can ere (Perf. 
caniii, ace. to Serv.: hence the perfect 
of the compounds concino, etc.), 3. 
v. a. and n. [akin to Sanscrit root 
fy\$i.s,narrare] I. Prop. : A. Gen.: 
I. Neut.: Of persons, birds, etc.: To 
itter or produce melodious notes-, to 
nound, sing, play : hiovit Amphion 
lapides canendo, Hor. : si absurde 
canat, Cic: morula canit testate, PI.: 
tibiaa canunt, Cic. — Particular 
expression: Intus et foris cancre, 
To strike the lyre with the plectrum in 
the right hand (foris), and with the 
fingers of the left hand (intus), at the 
same time, Cic— 2. Act. : a. With 
cognate Ace: To sing, play-, rehearse, 
recite, litter, compose: carmina, qusa 
in epulis canuntur, Cic: Ascreenmque 
cano Romana per oppida carmen, 
Virg. — b. With Ace. of equivalent 
meaning : To sing, to cause to sound, 
to celebrate or praise in song: arm a 
virumque, Virg. : ad tibiam clarorum 
virorum laudes atque virtutes, Cic. — 
P r o v. : Cancre aliquid surdis auribus, 
To sing { = to preach) to deaf ears, Liv. 
B. Esp.: 1. Since the responses of 
oracles were made in verse : To pro- 
phesy, foretell, predict: ut haee, quae 
nunc fiunt, canerc dii immortales 
viderentur,Cic: (with Objective clause) 
feminae . . . adesse exitium canebant, 
Tac— 2. Milit. t. t: a. Act.: (a) Of 
instruments : To blow, cause to sound : 
Pompeius classicum cam jubet, Ca?s. 
—(b) 0£ signals : To sound, give, etc.: 
signa canere jubet, Sail. — (c) Of a 
retreat : To give a signal for, to sound: 
cecinit jussos inflata {sc. buccina) 
recessus, Ov.— b. Neut. : (a) Of in- 
struments : To give a signal, sound, 
be sounded, resound: priusquam signa 
canerent, Liv. —(b) Of persons: To 
sound, give a signal : Hasdrubal recep- 
tui cecinit, Liv. — (c) Impers. : A 
signal is, etc., given : nisi receptui 
cecinisset, Liv. II. Fig.: Only in 

the phrase Canere receptui, To sound 
a retreat : receptui canente senatu, 
Cic. Ill- M e t o n. : A. Of the faulty 
singing pronunciation of an orator: 
To speak in a sing-song way, to drawl: 
quum inclinata ululantique voce, more 
Asiatico, canere coepisset, Cic— B. Of 
the places in which sounds are pro- 
duced : To sound, or resound with : 
frondiferasque novis a-vibus canere 
undique silvas, Lucr. 

Canopns, i, m., Kdvatfios, Kdvw- 
TTog. Campus: I.: A. Prop. : An 
island-town in Lotcer Egypt, on the 
western mouth of the Nile. — Hence, 
Canop-icus (-eus), a, urn, adj. Of 
Canopus. B. Meton.: 1. Lower 
Egypt.— 2. {The whole of) Egypt. II. 
The brightest star in the ship Argo (in- 
visible in Europe): Luc. 

can-or, oris, m. [can-o] Melody, 
tone, sound, song: Lucr.; Ov.; Virg. 

canor-us, a, inn, adj. [canor] I, 
Prop. : Of, or pertaining to, melody; 
melodious, harmonious, euphonious: 
vox, Cic: orator, id.: Threicia fretus 
cithara fidibusque canoris, Virg. II. 
Meton.: Droning, drawling : vox nee 
languens, nee canora, Cic 

Cantaber, bri, m. An inhabitant 
of Caniabria, a province of llispania 
Bcetica, in the region of the modern 
Biscaya.— -Hence, 1. Cantabr-ia, a3, 
/. Cantabria; the country of the Canta- 
ber.-— 2. Cantabr-icus, a, um, adj. 
Of the Canlabri; Cantabrian. 

canta-men, mis, n. [cant(a)-o] 
{That which is sung; hence) A spell, 
charm, incantation : Prop. 

eanta-tor, oris, m. [id.] A musici- 
an , a singer, minstrel : Mart • If Hence, 
Fr. chant eur. 

canta-trix, Ids,/, adj. [id.] Mus- 
ical, singing: Claud. % Hence, Fr. 
canta trice. 

canter-Inns (eanth»), a, um, 
adj. [canter-ius] Of, or pertaining to, 
a horse, horse-: Plaut. 

canterms (canth-), ii, m. [prps. 
tta.vdr)kLos, a beast of burden] I. 
Prop.: A gelding, nag, horse: Cic— 
Prov.: Canterius in fossa, A horse in 
a ditch, i. e. a person in a helpless con- 
dition, Liv. II. Meton.: An effete 
person: Plaut. 

eantharis, Mie, /. = navdapC?. 1. 
A species of beetle: PL— 2. The Spanish 
fly, cantharides: Cic. «if Hence, Fr. 

cantharus, i, w.. = K<xi'0apos : I. 
Prop.: A cantharus; i.e. a large, 
wide-bellied drinking -vessel with han- 
dles; a tankard, pot (esp. used by Bac- 
chus and his followers): Plaut.; Virg.; 
Hor. II. M e t o n. : A species of coarse 
sea -fish: Ov. 

canthus, i, m.-nav9c><; : I. Prop.: 
The tire {of a wheel) : Quint. II. Met- 
on. A wheel: Pers. 

eant-icum, i, n. [cant -us] {A 
thing pertaining to cantus ; hence) I» 
Prop.: A. G-cn. : A song, ballad: 
Phred. B. E sp. : A song {in the Rom- 
an comedy, sung by one person, and 
accompanied by music and dancing); a 
monody, solo : Cic. ; Liv. II. M c t o n. : 

A sing-song, drawling tone in th« 
delivery of an orator : Cic. If Hence, 
Fr. cant i que. 

cant-*-len-a, ae k /. [cant-us ; (i); 
len-io] I. Prop.: A soothing song; a 
strain: Ter. II. Meton.: Silly, trite 
prattle, gossip, or conversation often re- 
peated: Cic. «jf Hence, Fr. cantile-m. ■ 

can-tio, onis,/. [can-o] (Prop.: A 
singing, playing ; Meton.) 1. A song: 
Plaut. - 2. An incantation, c/iarm $ 
spell: Cic *j| Hence, Fr. chanson. 

cant-ito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
freq. [cant-o] To sing or play often or 
repeatedly: carmina in epulis cant, 
itata, Cic 

Cantium, Ti, n. Can Hum; a pro- 
montory of Britain (now Kent). 

cantiun-ciila, ss, f. dim. [for 
cantion-cula; fr. cantio, cantion-is] 
A little song; a flattering, alluring 
song: Cic. 

can-to, tavi, tatum , tare, 1 . v. n. and 
a. intens. [can-o] I. Prop.: Of per- 
sons or birds : To produce with energy 
melodious sounds; to sound, sing, play: 
A. Neut.: Arcades ambo, Et can tare 
pares, etc., Virg.: ad manurnhistrioni, 
to sing and play wliile the actor accom- 
panied the song with gestures or danc- 
ing, Liv.: deos gal lis signum dedisse 
cantandi, Cic— B. Act.: 1. With acc. 
of cognate meaning : To sing, play, 
recite: carmina non prius Audita 
canto, Hor. — 2. With Acc of equi- 
valent meaning : To sing, celebrate or 
praise in song, sing of: istum canto 
CEesarem, Cic: dignus cantari, Virg. 
II. Meton.: -A. Neut.: 1. Of the 
faulty singing pronunciation of an 
orator : To speak in a sing-song icay to 
drone, to drawl, to declaim in a singing 
tone: Quint.— 2. Of instruments : To 
sound, resound: cantabat tibia ludis, 
Ov. — 3. Ilelig. 1. 1. : To use enchant- 
ments; to utter spells, charms, or in- 
cantations: frigidus in pratiscantando 
rumpitur anguis, Virg. — B. Act. : 1. 
Of an actor . To represent a part, etc., 
by acting; to act: cantavit {sc. Nero) 
Orestem matricidam, Suet. — 2. To 
point out, indicate, make known : vera 
oantas? vana vellem, Plaut. — 3. To 
bring repeatedly to recollection ; to in- 
culcate, forewarn : qui harum mores 
cantabat mihi, Ter. — 4. Itelig. t.t.: 
a. To chant as a charm, to pronounce 
as a magic formula : can tatum car- 
men, an incantation , Ov. — b. To charm, 
to indue with magic power: accepit 
cantatas protinus herbas, Ov. — c. To 
influence or bring under one's power 
by charms or incantations : luna cant- 
ata, Prop.— d. To produce or call forth 
by charms, spells, etc : ohelydris can- 
tare soporem, Sil. «f Hence,Fr. chanter. 

can-tor, oris, m. [id.] I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: A musician, singer, poet: 
Hor. ; Suet. — With notion of con- 
tempt : cantor formularum, Cic B. 
Esp.: An extoller, eulogist: Cic. IL 
Meton.: An actor, player : Cic ; Hor, 
«f Hence. Fr. chanteur. 

can-trix, tois, /. [id.] A female 
musician or singer; a songstress : Plaut. 

can-tus» us, i*, [id.] 1. Ton% 



sound, melody, singing, song: Cio. ; 
Lucr. — 2. A prophecy , prediction: Cat. 
—3. An incantation : Tib. ; Ov. % 
Hence, Fr. chant. 

Canuleius, ii, m. Canuleius; a 
Roman name. — Hence, Canulei-us, 
a, ura, adj. Of Canuleius. 

ca»nus, a, ura, adj. [akin to /m'-to, 
«a-t'w] (Burned; hence) I. Prop.: 
A. Gen.: Gray, ash-coloured, hoary: 
aqua, foamy, frothy, Ov. : pruina, Hor. : 
lupus, v. B. E s p. : Of the gray hair 
of aged persons: caput, Plaut.: cap- 
illi, Hor. — As Subst.: cani, orum, m. 
(sc. capHli) Gray hairs : Ov. II. M et- 
sn. : Old, aged, ancient, hoary, vener- 
able : senectus, Cat. : fides, Virg. 

Canusium, ii, n. Canusium ; a town 
of Apulia, founded by the Greeks (hence, 
bilinguis, Hor.), celebrated for its wool 
(now Canosa). — Hencc,Canus-Inus, 
a, um, adj. Of Canusium, Canusian. — 
Hence, Caniism-atus, a, um, adj. 
Clothed in Canusian wool: muliones, 

capac-iftas, atis,/. [capax, capac- 
is] ( The quality of tlie capax ; hence) 
Largeness, capaciousness, capacity: I. 
Prop. : uteri, PI. II. Pig.: utrum 
capacitatem aliquam in animo put- 
am us esse, quo, etc., Cic. <f Hence, Fr. 

Capaneus (trisyll.), ei,m., KaTra- 
vevs- Capaneus ; one of the Seven be- 
fore Thebes, struck with lightning by 

cap-ax, acis, adj. [cap-io] I. 
Prop.: That can contain, take, receive, 
or hold much ; wide, large, spacious, 
roomy, capacious: (Comp.) capaciores 
scyphos, Hor.: (with Gen.) (Sup.) cibi 
vinique capacissimus, Liv. : (with 
Abl.) villa usibus capax, PL II. Pig.: 
A. Great, capacious: ingenium, Ov. 
— B. Great, able to grasp or hold; sus- 
ceptible or capable of good, able, apt, 
•fit for : sanctius his animal mentisque 
capacius altee Deer at adhuc, Ov. 

capedo, inis,/. [etym. dub.; prps. 
akin to capis] A sacrificial bowl or cup: 

capedun-ciila, se,/. [forcapedin- 
cula ; fr. capedo, capedin-is] A small 
sacrificial bowl or cup : Cic. 

capel-la, se,f. dim. [forcap(e)r-la ; 
fr. caper, capr-i] I. Prop.: A she- 
goat : Virg. II. M e t o n. : A . A statue 
so called: Cic. — B. A star on the left 
shoulder of the constellation Auriga 
(usu. called capra), rising in the rainy 
season: Ov. 

Capena, se,/. Capena; a Tuscan 
town founded by the Veientes, or at least 
dependent upon them. — Hence, 1. 
Capen-as, atis, adj. Of Capena,— 
As Subst. : a. Capenates, um, m. 
The inhabitants of Capena. — b. Capen- 
as, atis, m. (sc. ager) The district of 
Capena.— 2. Capen-us, a, um, adj. 
Of Capena. 

caper, pri, m. [akin to Kanpos] 
I. Prop.: A he-goat, a goat: Virg.; 
Hor. II. Met on.: A. The disagree- 
able smell in the armpits : Cat. — B.= 
capella, no. II. B.: Col. 

eapgr-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v.n. 

[caper] (To be like a caper ; hence) To 
be wrinkled : Plaut. 

cap-esso (-isso), essivi or essii, 
essltum, essere, 3. v. a. desider. [cap-io] 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To seize, take, 
or catch at eagerly; to lay hold of: 
cibum dentibus, Cic. B. Esp.: 1. 
Of place : To strive after, make for, 
betake one's self to, endeavour to arrive 
at, go to, repair or resold to: medium 
locum, Cic. — 2« With Ace. of Person- 
al pron. : To betake one's self, go, repair, 
etc. : quam magis te in altum capessis, 
tarn, etc., Plaut. II. Pig.: A.: 1. 
To take hold of any thing wdh zeal; to 
lake upon one's self, to take charge of, 
■undertake, enter upon, engage in ; jussa, 
Virg.: rempublicam, to undertake af- 
fairs of state, to engage in public affairs, 
Cic: fugam, to take to flight, Liv.— 2. 
To lay hold of with the mind, to com- 
prehend, understand: Cell. — B.: 1. 
With Personal pron.: To betake one's 
self to: quam se ad vitam, et quos ad 
mores prascipitem inscitus capessat 
(sc. filius), Plaut. — 2. With the idea 
of completed action : To attain to, 
reach to, arrive at, come up to or with: 
neque posse Corde capessere, Enn. 

Capetus, i, m. Capetus ; a mythic 
king of Alba. 

Caphareus (trisyll.) (Ace. Gr. 
Capharea, Ov. — Voc. Caphareu, Val. 
Fl.),ei, m., Kafyapevs. Caphareus; a 
rocky promontory on the southern coast 
of Etibcea (now Capo del Oro). — Hence, 
Caphareus (-eus), a, um, adj. Of 

capill-atus, a, urn, adj. [capill- 
us] (Provided with capillus ; hence) 1. 
Having hair, hairy. I. Gen.: adolesc- 
ens bene capillatus, with a fine head of 
hair: Cic: (Comp.) capillatior quam 
ante, id. II. Esp.: As a designation 
of a primitive age (since the hair was 
not then shorn): capillato diffusum (sc. 
vinum) consule, i. e. very old wine: Juv. 

cap-illus, i, m. [like cap-ut, and 
the Gr. Kec/>-a-Arj, akin to Sanscrit 
kapdla, "cranium"] (The thing per- 
taining to the head; hence) Tlie hair, 
whether of persons or animals : Ter. ; 
Cic; Cses. «ft Hence, Fr. cheveu. 

cap-io, cepi, captum, capere (old 
form of the Fut. Perf. capso, Plaut.: 
capsit, id. : capsimus, id. : capsis, ace 
to Cic, erroneously treated by him as 
if contracted from cape si vis, Quint.), 
3. v. a. [etym. dub.; prps. akin to Gr. 
kcot-tw] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: In 
the widest sense : To take, lay hold of, 
seize: saxa manu, Virg.: quum pro 
covnmuni salute arm a cepissent, Cic. 
B. Esp.: 1.: a. Of persons or ani- 
mals : To take captive, seize, catch, cap- 
ture, make a prisoner of, lay Hold of: 
belli nef arios duces, captos jam et 
comprehensos tenetis, Cic. — b. Of 
things : (a) To take by force of arms, 
take, capture, seize, acquire : Samnitium 
castra, Cic. — (b) Of a position : To 
take possession of; to seize, hold, occupy: 
locum, Sail. — 2. To take a person or 
thing for a definite purpose, or as 
something ; to choose, select : vitio 
sibi tabernaculum captum f uisse, Cic. : 

(with Second Ace. of further deftnitioty 
aliquem arbitrum, Ter. — 3.: a. To 

receive, hold, contain: terra feras cepit, 
volucres agitabilis aer, Ov.— b. To 
hold, comprise, contain, include, have 
space for: una domo jam capi non 
possint, Cic. — 4.: a. To reach, attain, 
arrive at a place (esp. by ship): in- 
sulam capere non potuerant, Cass.— b. 
To endeavour to reach a place ; to fly 
to: montes proximos, Liv. — 5. Of 
revenues, possessions, etc. To take, 
get, obtain, receive, gain: stipendium 
capere jure belli, Cces.: qui morte test- 
amentove tantundem capiat, quant- 
um, etc., Cic: postulat ut capiat, 
qua3 non intelligit, arma, Ov. II. 
Fig.: A. Of abstract things: To 
take, lay hold of, seize: occasionem, 
Plant.: fugam, to flee: Caes.: con- 
silium, to form ox adopt a plan : Ter.: 
tempus ad te cepit adeundi, Cic. — B.: 
1.: a. Of physical powers (so only 
pass.): To be injured, impaired, weak- 
ened: oculis et auribus captus, Cic — ■ 
b. Of the intellectual powers (so usu. 
only in the Part. Perf. captus): De- 
prived of sense, silly, insane, crazed, 
mad: mente captus, Cic: (with Gr. 
Ace.) captus animum, Sen.: mens 
capta, loss of sense, insanity, craziness, 
madness; Liv. — c. Of the power of 
will : To win or gain one by fair or 
foul means ; to captivate, ensnare, en- 
chain; to mislead, seduce, delude, de- 
ceive : animum adolescents pellexit 
rebus, quibus ilia setas capi potest, 
Cic. — 2. To overcome one before a 
tribunal ; to convict of crime : tu si 
me impudicitias captas, non potescap- 
ei'c, Plaut. — 3.: a. To receive some- 
thing into the mind, to comprehend in 
all its circumstances, to take in the 
whole view, to comprehend mentally : 
quod mentes eorum capere possent, 
Liv. — b. Esp.: (a) Affirmatively: To 
embrace something mentally: spes ipse 
suas animo capit, Ov. — (b) Negatively: 
Not to embrace something, not to be abU 
to take in at a view, to be incapable, un- 
fit, not ripe for : noncapiunt angustiaa 1 
pectoris tui tan tarn personam, Cic — 
4. To mile, govern, direct : nee natum 
in flamma vidisset, in arbore natas 
Ccpisset genitor si Phaethona Merops, 
Ov. — 5. To take upon one's self some 
employment, calling, or office ; to un- 
dertake, enter upon, obtain, receive : 
consulatum, Cic: regnum, Ov. — 0, 
To take, get, obtain, receive: fructum 
diligentise, Cic — 7. Of the passions, 
emotions, mental faculties, etc.: a. 
With personal subjects : To feel, suffer, 
enjoy, etc.: (ace. to the passion, etc., 
designated): inimicitias in aliquem, 
Ter.: desider ium, Cic: lastitiam, id. 
— b. With the passions, etc., as sub- 
jects : To seize upon, lay hold of, affect, 
etc. : senatum metus cepit, Liv. : nos 
post reges exactos servitutis oblivi? 
ceperat, Cic. 

cap-is, idis,/. [prob. cap-io] (The 
containing thing; hence) A sacrificial 
boicl with one handle: Liv. 

capisso, ere, v. capesso. 

capistr-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v<cu 



[capistr nml To halter, tie with a halt- 
er, muzzle : tigres, Ov. 

cap-istrum, i, n. [cap-io] {That 
which takes or holds ; hence) I, Gen.: 
A halter, head-stall for animals: A. 
Prop.: Virg.; Ov. B. Fig.: Of mar- 
riage : maritale capistrum, Juv. II. 
E s p. : A nose-piece or muzzle, with 
spikes to prevent young animals from 
sucking after they have been weaned : 

caplt-alis, e,adj. [caput, capit-is] 
1„: a. Prop.: Relating to life, by 
which life is endangered, capital: (a) 
Gen.: periculum, peril of life, Plant.: 
morbus, dangerous, GelL— (b) Esp.: 
Law t. t.: reus rerum capitalium, Cic. 
—As Subst. : capital (-ale), alis, n. 
A death (real or civil ; banishment, etc.) 
in consequence of crime; capital crime: 
Cic; Liv. ; Tac— b. Fig.: Highly ov 
entirely destructive; dangerous, mortal, 
deadly: odium, Cic. : ira, Hor. : (Comp.) 
capitalior pestis, Cic— 2. That is first 
in something; pre-eminent, disting- 
uished: Siculus ille capi talis, creber, 
acutus, etc., a writer of the first rank, 
Cic. f Hence, Fr. capital. 

Capitmus, a, um, adj. Of, or be- 
longing to, Capitium, a town of Southern 
Sicily (now prps. Capizzi). 

capit-o, onis, m. [caput, capit-is] 
One who has a (large) head; a big- 
headed person : Cic. 

Capitolrum, Ii,w.: I. Prop.: The 
Capitol at Rome.— Hence, Capitol- 
Inus, a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining 
to, the Capitol, Capitoline: clivus, Cic: 
ludi, Liv. — As Subst.: Capitolini, 
orum, m. Pe?-sons who had the charge 
of the Capitoline games: Cic. II. Met- 
on.: The citadel of other towns : e. g. 
of Capua : Suet. 

capit-ulum, i, n. dim,, [caput, 
capit-is] I. Prop.: A small head: 
Plant. II. Me ton, : A man, a little 
fellow: Plant.; Ter. 

CappadOCia, S3, /., KamraSoKta. 
Cappadocia ; a country of Asia Minor 
(now Caramania). — Hence, Cap- 
padox, ocis, m. A Cappadocian. 

capr-a, as, /. [caper, capr-i] I. 
Prop. : .4 she-goat: Cic II. Fig.: 
The rank smell under the arm-pits: 
Hor. III. Me ton. : Capra or Goat; 
a star in Auriga : Hor. f Hence, Fr. 

capr-ea, £e, /. [id.] A species of 
wild goat; a roe, roebuck: Virg. — 
Pro v.: Of something impossible: 
jungere capreas Iupis, Hor. 

Capr-ese, arum,/: [id.] (Things 
pertaining to goats) Caprece ; an island 
in the Tuscan Sea, off the coast of Camp- 
ania (now Capri). 

capr-eolus, i, m. [id.] I. Prop.: 
A species of wild goat, chamois, roebuck : 
Virg. II. Me ton.: Plur. : In me- 
chanics : Short pieces of timber inclin- 
ing to each other, which support some- 
thing ; supports, props, stays : Cass. 

Oapi>eus, a,um,ae7/.[id.] Of a goat, 
goafs- (prps. only used of the place 
otherwise called Capras Palus): Ov. 

Capr-i-corn-us, \,m. [caper, capr- 

l; (i) ; corn-u] (Having a goafs horn) 


Capricorn ; a sign of the Zodiac, which 
the sun enters at the winter solstice: 
Hor. «j[ Hence, Fr. Capricorne. 

capr-i-ficus, i,/. [caper, capr-i ; 
(i); ficus] (Goat-fig; hence) I. Prop.: 
A wild fig-tree: Ter.; Hor. II. Fig.: 
For Something strange, foreign: Pers. 

capr-i-gen-us, a, um, adj. [caper, 
capr-i ; [i); gen-o] Goat-begotten, goat- 
born, of the goat kind : pecus, Virg. 

capr-i-mulg»us, i, m. [caper, 
capr-i; (i) ; mulg-eo] (Goat-mtlker ; 
hence) 1 . A countryman : Cat.— 2. The 
caprimulgus; a bird supposed to suck 
the udders of goats, a goat-sucker : PI. 

capr-inus, a, um, adj. [caper, 
capr-i] Of, or pertaining to, goats: 
grex, Liv.: pellis, Cic— Pro v.: De 
lana caprina rixari, To contend about 
goats' wool, i. e. afictilious thing, a mere 
nothing, Hor. 

capr-i-pes, pedis, adj. [caper, 
capr-i ; (i) ; pes] Goat-footed (epithet 
of rural deities): aures Capripedum 
Satyrorum, Hor. 

1. cap-sa, ae, /. [cap-io] (Tlxe re- 
ceiving thing; hence) A repository, 
chest, box, case for books, fruit, etc.: 
Cic; Mart, f Hence, Fr. caisse. 

2. Capsa, se, f. Capsa ; a town in 
Gceiu I ia. —Hence, Capsenses, lum, 
m. (sc. cives) The inhabitants of Capsa. 

caps-arius, Ti, m. [J. caps-a] (One 
pertaining to a capsa ; hence) A slave 
who carried the books of boys going to 
school : Suet. 

capso, is, it, etc., v. capio. 

caps-ula ae, f. dim. [1. caps-a] A 
small box or chest : Cat. % Hence, 
Fr. capsule. 

Capta, 83, /. Capta; a surname 
of Minerva (but for what reason is not 

capta-tio, onis, /. [capt(a)-o] 1. 
A reaching after, or catching at some- 
thing : verborum, Cic. — 2. In fenc- 
ing : A feint : Quint. — 3. A hunting 
after a legacy, etc.: testamenti, PL 
TT Hence, Fr. captation. 

capta-tor, oris, m. [id.] 1. One 
who eagerly reaches after, endeavours to 
obtain, or strives for something : aura? 
popularis, Liv. — 2. One who strives 
for an inheritance, a legacy -hunter : 
Hor. ^f Hence, Fr. capfateur. 

cap- t.Io, onis,/. [cap-io] I. Prop.: 
A. G-en. : A deceiving, deception, 
fraud, deceit: Plant.; Cic B. Esp.: 
In dialectics : A fallacious argument, 
a sophism, quirk : Cic. II. M e t o n. : 
An injury, disadvantage : Plaut. 

captios-e, adv. [captios-us] Cap- 
tiously, insidiously : Cic 

capti-osus, a, um, adj. [for cap- 
tion-osus, fr. captio, caption-is] 1„ 
Fallacious, deceptive: Cic. — 2. Cap- 
tious, sophistical: (Comp.) quo nihil 
captiosius potest dici, Cic: (Sup.) eap- 
tiosissimo genere interrogationis ut- 
untur, id. — As Subst.: captiosa, 
orum, n. Sophisms: Cic «j[ Hence, 
Fr. caplieux. 

captiun-culaj ss, f. dim. [for 
caption-cula ; fr. captio, caption-is] 
A quirk, sophism, fallacy : Cic 

captlv-Itas, atis, /. [captiv-usj 
( The condition or state of the captivus ; 
hence) 1. : a. Prop. : Of persons or 
animals; Captivity, bondage: Tac; 
b'lor. — b. M e t o n. : Prisoners, captives : 
Tac — 2. A taking, capture: Tac ; 
Flor. f Hence, Fr. captivM. 

cap-tlvus, a, um, adj. [cap-io] I. 
P rop.: A. Of living beings : 1. Taken 
prisoner, captive, in war or otherwise : 
cives, Cic : corpora, Liv.— As Subst. : a. 
captivus, i, m.(sc. homo) A prisoner, 
captive: Cass.; Cic— b. captiva, as, 
/. (sc. femrna) A female prisoner or 
captive: Ov.— 2. Of animals: Caught 
or taken: pisces, Ov.: feraa, id.— B. Of 
things : Captured, plundered, taken as 
booty, spoiled, taken by force: aurum 
arg-entumque, Liv.: vestis, Yirg. II. 
Fig. : Captive: mens, Ov. III. Met- 
on.: r Ffiat pertains or belongs to cap- 
tives: sanguis, Virg.: cruor, Tac «|f 
Hence, Fr. captif, captive; also chetif. 

cap-to, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
intens. [id.] I. Prop. : To strive to 
seize, lay hold of a thing with zeal, etc.; 
to catch or snatch at: Tantalus a labris 
sitiens fugientia captat Flumina, Hor. 
II. Fig.: A. To strive after, desire 
earnestly, try ox seek to obtain : plausus, 
Cic. — B. To enter upon, begin a con- 
versation : captato sermone, Ov.— C. 
To endeavour to entrap by cunning or 
deceit; to catch or take in a crafty 
manner; to seek to icin ; to entice, allure: 
quid ad ilium, qui te captare vult, 
utrum, etc., Cic— D. Of legacy-hunt- 
ing, etc.: To hunt for or after, to try to 
catch, etc: With thing or person* as 
object: testamenta, Hor. : aliquem, 
Mart. *[[ Hence, Fr. capter. 

1. cap-tus, a, um, P. of cap-io.— 
As Subst.: captus, i, m.; -a, re,/. A 
captive, prisoner of war : Virg.; Ter. 

2. cap-tus, us, m. [cap-io] 1. A 
taking, seizing, or laying^ hold ; a grasp : 
a. Prop.: trium digitorum captus, 
i. e. by as much as one can grasp icith 
three fingers, a pinch, PI. — b. Fig.: 
bonorum, Val. Max. — 2. Power of 
comprehension, discernment, under- 
standing, capacity : servorum, Ter. : 
hominum, Cic 

Capita, as, /. Capua ; the chief city 
of Campania, celebrated for its luxury 
(now the village of Sfa. Maria). 

capiil-aris, e, adj. [capul-us] Be- 
longing to the tomb: itane tibi . . 
tarn capularis, i. e. so near the grave. 

cap-iilus, i, m. [cap-io] 1. (The 
taking or receiving thing ; hence) a. A 
tomb, a sarcophagus: ire ad capulum, 
to go, i. c be borne, to the grave, Lncr. 
— b. The hilt of a sword (because it 
receives the hand): Cic; Virg. — 2. 
(The thing taken hold of; hence) The 
handle of any thing : aratri, Ov. : 
sceptri, id. 

caput, Ttis (Abl. Sing, regularly 
capite; capiti, Cat.), n. [akin to San- 
scrit kapdla, Gr. «^«Atj] I. Prop.: 
The head : Of men or animals : huma- 
num, Hor. : belua multorum eapitum, 
id.: capita conferre, to put heads to- 
gether ', i. e. to confer together in secret^ 



Li 7.— Pro v.: Noc caput nee pedes, 
Neither head nor feet, i. e. neither 
beginning nor end: Cic II. Meton.: 
A.: 1. A person or man: i&ti capiti 
dicito, Plaut.: liberum, Cic. — Part- 
icular phrase: In capita, To or 
for each person: Liv. — 2. An animal: 
sus Triginta capitum fetus enixa, i. e. 
of thirty young pigs, Virg. — B. : 1. Of 
persons : The chief, head, leader, prin- 
cipal : caput est (sc. Heraclides) omni- 
um Grascorum concitandorum, Cic. — 
The predicate in Masc, capita con- 
jurationis virgis cassi, Liv. — 2. Of 
things: a. The chief, principal, or 
main thing: jus nigrum, quod ccenas 
caput erat, Cic. : Roma, orbis terrarum 
caput, Liv. — b. Of writings : A prin- 
cipal clause or division, paragraph, 
chapter, etc.: legis, Cic. — c. Of money : 
The principal sum ; the capital ; stock : 
quinas hie capiti mercedes exsecat, 
Hon— C. Of things : 1, The head, top, 
summit, point, end, extremity (beginn- 
ing or end): papaveris, Liv.: tignor- 
um, Cass. — 2. Of rivers, etc. a. The 
origin, source (head): caput, unde . . . 
se erwmpit Enipeus, Virg. — b. The 
mouth, embouchure: multis capitibus 
in Oceanum influit (sc. Ithenus), Cass. 
— 3. Of plants : Sometimes The root: 
Cato.; PI. — 4. Of a vine: A branch: 
Cic. in. Fig.: A.: 1. Life, esp. 
physical life: capitis poena, capital 
punishment, Cass.: pactum pro capite 
pretium, Cic. — 2. Civil or political 
life (ace. to the Roman idea, including 
the rights of liberty, citizenship, and 
family : its loss or deprivation was 
called capitis deminutio, Cass. : or 
ininutio, Cell.): Cic; Hor.— B. The 
head, as the sea* of the understand- 
ing; judgment, sense: Hor. — C. The 
origin, or source: perjurii, Plaut. 

Capys, yos, m. Capys: 1. Son of 
Assaracus, and father of Anchises. — 2. 
A companion of YEneas, — 3. The eighth 
king of Alba, in Latiunx. 

Car, Caris, v. Caria. 

Caralis (Calar-), is, /. (Plur.: 
Carales, Turn, Liv.; Hirt.). Carat is 
or Calaris; the chief city of Sardinia 
(now Cagliari). — Hence, Caral- 
Itanus, a, urn, adj. Of Caralis. — 
As Subst. : Caralitani, orum, m. 
(sc. cives) The inhabitants of Car- 

carbas-eus (-mus), a, um, adj. 
[carbas-us] Of, or made of, flax or 
linen: vela, Cic: sinus, Virg. 

1. carbasus,i,/. (Plur.: -a, orum, 
».) = Ka'pTracros : I. P r o p. : Very fine 
Spanish flax : Cat. ; Col. II. M e t o n. : 
Of things made of carbasus : A. A 
linen garment: Virg.; Ov. — B. A 
curtain stretched over the amphi- 
theatre, to keep the sun from the 
spectators: Lucr. — C. A sail: Virg. 
Ov. — D. The Sibylline books (written 
'upon linen): Claud. 

2. carbas-us, a, um, adj. [1. 
carbas-us] Of, or mode of, linen ; linen- : 
Una, Prop. 

carbatina (carp-), as,/. = Kapna- 
rivv). A (kind of) rmtic shoe: lingere 
carbatinas, Cat. 


carbo, cnis, m. [etym. dub.] A 
coal, charcoal (whether dead or burn- 
ing) : I. P r o p. : candente carbeme 
sibi adurebat capillum, Cic. — Pro v.: 
Of something valueless : Carbonem 
pro thesauro invenire, To find a coal 
instead of a treasure, Phasd. II. Pig.: 
From the black colour of the carbo : 
elogiorum carbones, i. e. with songs of 
derision, P.aut. «j[ Hence, Fr. charbon. 

carbon-arms, a, um, adj. [carbo, 
carbon-is] Of, or relating to, coals: 
negotium, traffic in coals: Sext. Aur. 
Vict.— As Subst.: carbonarms, ft, 
m. (sc. homo) A collier; a burner of 
coals: Plaut. <§ Hence, Fr. char- 

carbun-ciims, i, m. dim. [for 
carbon-culus ; fr. carbo, carbon-is] I. 
Prop.: A small coal : Auct. Her. II. 
Meton.: A. A reddish, bright kind of 
precious stone (comprising the ruby, 
carbuncle, hyacinth, etc.): PI. — B. A 
carbuncle: Cels. III. Fig.: Consum- 
ing grief, sorrow: amburet misero ei 
corculumcarbunculus, Plaut. ^[ Hence, 
Fr. carboncle, escarboucle. 

career, eris, m. [Sicilian ndpnapov 
akin to epxo? and the Lat. arceo] (An 
inclosure, inclosed place; hence) 1.: 
a. Prop.: A prison, gaol: Cic. — b. 
Fig.: Of the body : A prison: Cic — c. 
Meton.: (a) Imprisoned criminals: 
Cic. — (b) As a term of reproach : Jail- 
bird: Tor.- 2, : a. P rop.: Of a race- 
course : The barrier or starting-place : 
Cic; Virg. — b. Fig.: The commence- 
ment, beginning (of a course of action 
or of a condition) : Cic 

career-arms, a, um, adj. [career] 
Of, or belonging to, a prisoii ; quasstus, 
of keeping a prison: Plaut. 

Carchedonms, a, um, adj. Kap- 
XTjSomos. Carchedonian, i. e.Carthagin- 
tan : Plaut. ; PI. 

carchesmm, ii, n. = xapxvcnov : 
I. Prop.: A cup (that is contacted in 
the middle) : Ov. ; Virg. II. Meton.: 
The upper part of a mast (formed like 
a carchesium) ; a scuttle - bower or 
trundle-head : Luc. 

carcinoma, atis, w.= KapKiVw ju«t. 
A cancerous ulcer, a cancer : I. Prop.: 
Cels.; PI. II. Fig.: As a term of re- 
proach for Julia and her son Agrippa, 
given to them by Augustus, on ac- 
count of their incorrigible wickedness: 

Cardaces, um, m. Kap8a*e? [Per- 
sian word, ace. to Strabo : carda, 
" strong," " warlike"] 'The Cardaces; 
a class of Persian soldters : ISTep. 

Cardia, as,/., KapSi*. Cardia; a 
town on the Thracian Chersonesus. — 
Hence, Cardi-anus, a, um, adj. Of 

cardlacus, a, um, adj. = *apSia- 

: /cos. Of, or pertaining to, the stomach: 

morbus, Cels. — As Subst. : cardia- 

cus, i, m. One who has a disease of 

the stomach: Cic; Hor. 

card-o, mis, m. [prob. aldn to root 

KOO.&-, whence Kpa8-da>, KpaS-aivco to 
swing] (The swinging thing; hence) 
I. P r o p. : The pivot and socket (by which 
the doors of the ancients were fixed and 

made to open and shut) : Plaut. ; Virg, 
II. Meton.: A. In mechanics, Plur.; 

Beams fitted together ; and esp. carda 
masculus,a tenon, Vitr. : cardo femina, 
a cavity, pari, or socket, id. : cardo 
securiclatus, .a tenon in the form of an 
axe, i. e. a dove-tailed joint, id. — B. 
(The place where the two ends meet; 
hence) A turning point, pivot, etc. : 
munch, i. e. the North pole, PI. — G, 
A line (drawn through a place, from 
north to south): PI.; and accordingly 
the mountain Taurus is called cardo, 
Liv. III. Fig.: That about which 
every thing else revolves or on which it 
depends; the chief pointov circumstance: 
rcrum, Virg. 

eardims, i, m. [etym. dub.] A 
thistle : Virg. ; PI. <§ Hence, Fr. 
char don, echarde. 

ear-e, adv. [car-us] 1. Dearly, at a 
high price: aves pingues care veneunt, 
Var.: (Sup.) carissime constant, Sen. 
— 2. Dearly; with affection: (Comp.) 
carius as. timare, Script, ap. Cic. 

caree-tum, i, n. [for caric-tum ; 
fr. carex, caric-is] (A thing provided 
with carex ; hence) A place covered 
with sedge : Virg. 

car-eo, tii, ltum, ere (Fut. Part. 
Iturns, Ov. — Prves. Subj. carint=care- 
ant, Plant.), 2. v. n. [akin to «eip-w, 
Kap-rji/cu] (To shear, or be shorn of, 
hence) I. Gen. : To be without, free 
from, devoid of, not to havev (with 
Abl.) doloi-e, Cic: morte, t. e. to be 
immortal, Hor. II. Esp.: A.: 1. 
To be without a thing from free-will, 
i. e. to deprive one's self of a thing, not 
to make use of it : (with Abl.) temeto, 
Plaut. : amicorum facultatibus, Nep. 
— 2. Of localities : To hold one's self 
aloof from, not to go to: or merely, to 
be absent from: foro, senatu, publico, 
Cic — B. To be deprived of, to be with- 
out, to want something desirable : con- 
suetudine amicorum, Cic: (with Gen.; 
also, Impers. Pass. )>tm carendum quod 
erat, Ter. : ( quod amo, careo, 
Plaut.— C . To feel the want of a thing, 
to ?niss it : carere igitur hoc signilicat, 
egere eo, quod velis, Cic: (with Abl) 
carere bono, id. 

Cares, um, v. Caria. 

carex, Icis, /. [etym. dub.] Reed- 
grass, sedge : Virg. ; Cat. <| Hence, 
Fr. carex, (old) careiche. 

Caria, as, /., Kapia. Caria; a 
province of Asia Minor. — Hence, 1, 
Car , aris (Ace. Plur. Or. Caras, Virg.), 
m. A Carian (notorious for treachery). 
—2. Car-Icus, a, um, adj. Carian: 
Var,— As Subst. : Carlea, as, /. (.sc. 
ficus): a. Prop.: A Carian dried fig : 
Cic— b. Meton.: For dried figs, in 
gen.: Ov. 

ear-ies, em, e (other cases not in 
use), /. [prps. akin to Sanscrit root 
cri, defringere] (Prop. : A breaking 
off; Meton., as the cause of breaking 
oil') Rottenness, decay, caries : vertitur 
in tenevam cariem rimisque dehiscit 
(sc. cymba), Ov. f Hence, Fr. carie. 

carina, as, /. [etym. dub.] I. 
P r o p. : The bottom of a ship, the keel : 
Cass. ; Tac. II. Meton.: A. A vessel^ 



boat, ship: Virg.; Ov.— B. Of the shell 
of nuts: PI.— C. Plur. : The Keels; a 
place in Rome, between the Ccelian and 
Esquiline hills : Cic. % Hence, Fr. 
carene ; Eng. verb, to careen. 

carin-arins, li, m. [ktjpiv-os, 
waxen, with Lat. suffix arius] (One 
pertaining to the Krjpivos ', hence) lie 
icho dues wax-colour, a dyer of yellow : 

earf^osus, a, urn, adj. [cari-es] 
(Full of caries ; henoe) Decayed, rotten, 
carious : I. Prop.: dentes, Phged. 
II. Fig.: senectus, Ov. 

car is, Mis, /. — «apt?. The car is ; a 
species of sea-crab : Ov. 

car-Itas, atis, /. [car-ns] (The 
quality of the cams ; hence) 1. : a. 
P»rop. : High regard, respect, esteem, 
love, affection: patriae, i. e. towards one's 
country, Cic: civium, i.e. entertained 
by citizens, id. — b. Me ton. : Plur.: 
The objects loved; beloved objects: Cic. 
— 2. Dearness, high price or value, 
scarcity of any thing : Cic. ^ Hence, 
Fr. charite", cherti. 

Carmelus, i, m., Kap/xrjAo?. Car- 
mel ; a high , steep mountain in Phosn icia, 
on the sea-coast (now El-Karmel). 

i. car-men (old form cas-men), 
tnis, n. [cty m. dub. ; prob. akin either to 
Sanscrit root (Jams, narrare, laudare ; 
or to the Sanscrit root kri or kau, 
facere] ( The narrating or praising thing; 
— the thing made or composed; hence) 
I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A poem, poetry, 
epic, lyric, cic.: Iliacum,Hoi\: carmen 
Inerme lyrse, Prop. : probosum, Tac. 
— B. Esp.: 1, A part of a great epic 
poem ; a book ; canto : Lucr. — 2. A 
poetic inscri})t ion: Virg,— 3. A response 
of an oracle; a prophecy, prediction, as 
being usually given in verse : Virg. ; 
Tac. — 4. A magic formula, an incanta- 
tion; Hor. — 5. On accoixnt of the anc- 
ient practice of composing religious 
and legal formularies in Saturnian 
verse : A formula in religion or law ; 
a formulary: Cic. II. Me ton. : A. 
A tune, song, air, strain; both vocal 
and instrumental : Cic. ; Ov. — B. Of 
waters: A melodious, rippling sound: 
Claud. Tf Hence, Fr. charme. 

2. car-men, inis, n. [1. car-o] 
(That which ca?'ds; hence) A card for 
wool or flax : Claud. 

Carmen-tis, is, /. [for Carmin- 
tis ; fr. 1. carmen, carmin-is] (The 
prophetic or predicting one). Carmen- 
tis ; the mother of Evander, who went 
with him from Arcadia to Latium, and 
uttered oracles on the Capitoline Hill; 
afterwards honoured as a goddess. — 
Hence, Carment-alis, e, adj. Of, or 
pertaining to, Carmen tis: flamen,Cic. 

Carmo, onis, »ona, se,/. Carmo 
or Carmona; a town of Hispania Bcetica 
(now Carmona). — Hence, Camion- 
enses, turn, m. The inhabitants of 

Carina,/, [prob, for Crad-na, trs. 
Card-na, fr. root i<pa8, whence KpaS- 
aCvco, Kpa8-aa), " to swing," with Latin 
suffix na] (The swinger). Carna; a 
goddess (previously called Came), 
guardian of door-hinges (i. e. of domestic 

life and household affairs) and of the 
life of man. 

carn-arrum, ii, n. [1. caro, carn- 
is] (A thing pertaining to caro ; hence) 
1, A frame fastened to the ceiling, fur' 
nished with hooks for, supporting meat, 
etc.; a meat-rack: Plaut. — 2. A larder, 
pantry, cupboard : Plaut. 

Carneades, is, m. Carneades ; a 
philosopher of Cyrene. — Hence, Car- 
riead-eus (»ius), a, um, adj. Of 

carn«i-fex (carn«u-), ficis, m. 
[for carn-i-fac-s ; fr. 1. caro, cam-is ; 
(i) ; fac-io] (A flesh-maker ; hence) I, 
Prop.: An executioner, hangman , etc. : 
Cic. II. Fig.: A. A tormentor, mur- 
derer: Tex.; Cic. — As Adj.: Murder- 
ous, deadly: Mart.; Claud. — B. As a 
term of reproach : Scoundrel, villain: 

carnlflc-ina, se, /. [carnifex, 
carnific-is] (A thing pertaining to a 
carnifex; hence) I. Prop.: The office 
of hangman : Plaut. II. M e t o n. : 
The place of torture: Li v. III. Fig.: 
Rack, torture: Cic. 

carnif ic-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[id.] To execute, behead: hostes jacentes, 
to deprive of their heads, Liv. 

carnis, is, v. 2. caro, wit. 

Carnuntum, i, n. Carnuntum; 
an old town on the Danube near Ileim- 

Carnutes, um («i, orum, Tib.), 
m. The Carnutes; a people of Gaul, on 
both sides of the Liger, whose chief town 
was Autricum (now Chartres). 

1. car-O, ui, no sup., ere, 3. v. a. 
[akin to Sanscrit rootgRi, to break off; 
G-r. K eip-oo~\ To card: Plaut. 

2. caro (carnis, Liv.), carnis, 
/. [Gr. Kpeaq ; Sans, kravya, " raw 
flesh"] I. Prep.: A. Gen.: Flesh: 
Cass.; Cic; Ov. B. Esp. : 1. Con- 
temptuously of a person : A piece of 
flesh: Cic. — 2. The flesh or body (opp. 
to spirit, as the seat of the passions) : 
Sen. II. Fig.: Of style: Softness: 
Quint. III. Meton.: The flesh (pulp) 
of fruits: PI. f Hence, Fr. (old) care, 
(mod.) chair. 

Carpathus (»os),i,/.,Kap7ra'0o?. 
Carpathus or Carpathos; an island in 
the JEgean Sea (now Scarpanto). — 
Hence, Carpath-Ius, a, um, adj. 

carpatina, aa, v. carbatina. 

carpentum, i, n. [etym. dub.] 
I. Prop.: A waggon, carriage, coach, 
or chariot on two wheels : Liv. ; Ov. 

Carpi, orum, m. The Carpi; apeople 
on the Danube, in Dacia. 

carp-o, si, turn, ere, 3. v. a. [akin 
to apTr-a^a), rapio~\ I. Prop.: A. 
Gen.: To pick, pluck, pluck off, crop, 
gather, cull (plants, flowers, fruits, 
etc.): primus vere rosam atque aut- 
umno carpere poma, Virg. B. Esp.: 
1, Of animals : a. To crop, pluck off, 
graze on, eat, plants, etc.: videbat 
Carpere gramen equos, Virg.: (with- 
out Object) alia (sc. animalia) sugunt, 
alia carpunt, alia vorant, alia mand- 
unt, Cic. — b. To eat or devour (flesh, 
by tearing it away) : carpsere jecur 

volucres, Ov.— 2. Of other things : a. 
To tear off or away; to pull, pluck, etc.: 
ex collo furtim coronas, Hor. — b. To 
tear, rend, lacerate: crinem genasque, 
Val. Fl. — 3. To divide into parts : in 
muitas parvasque partes carpere excrc- 
itum, Liv. II. Fig..* A. Tc cull, 
gather, pluck : hasc passim carpens, 
Cic. — B. To seize upon; to enjoy, use, 
make use of: diem, Hor. — C. To feed 
or live upon : vitales auras, Virg. — D. 
To gnaw, as it were, with envious tooth , 
to carp at, slander, calumniate, reoile: 
non illo inimico, sed hoc maledico 
dente carpunt, Cic. — E. Of lovers : 
To fleece: et soror, et mater, nutrix 
quoque carpat amantem, Ov. — F. To 
weaken, enfeeble, wear away: or, with 
the idea extended, to consume, destroy: 
vires, Liv.: reginacasco carpiturigni, 
Virg. — G. To divide into pieces, dis- 
member, cut up, separate into parts : 
summam unius belli in multa prcelia 
parvaque, Liv. III. Meton.: A.i 
1. To seize upon and devour; to eat 
up : unumqiiodque quod quidem erit 
bellissimum, carpam, Ter. — 2. To cut 
up, to carve : leporem, mullum, Mart. 
— 3. Of food : To take up in small 
delicate pieces: cibos digitis, Ov. — 4. 
Of wool plucked from a fleece : To 
spin : carpentes pensa puellse, Virg.— 
5. Of kisses: To pluck, as it were, 
from the lips; to snatch: luctantiaque 
oscula carpit, Ov. — B. Milit. t.L: To 
inflict injury upon an enemy, esp. by 
single, repeated attacks ; to weaken, 
to harass: agmenadversariorum, Cass. 
— C. Viam, iter, etc., or with definite 
local substantives, terram, mare, lit- 
ora, etc.: To tread upon, pass over, 
navigate, sail along or through, to take 
or pursue one's way: Virg.; Ov.— D. 
With words denoting time : To spend, 
pass, etc.: illic meacarpitur tetas, Cat. 

carp-tim, adv. [carp-o] (By pluck- 
ing; hence) I. Prop.: By pieces, in 
parts, separately, in single or small 
portions: Sail.; Suet. II. Meton.: 
A. At different places or points, on 
different sides: Liv. — B. Singly, separ- 
ately, in parts, by degrees, not together: 
Liv.; Tac. 

carp-tor, oris, m. [id.] A carver 
of food : Juv. 

carp-tus, a, um, P. of carp-o. 

Carruca, a), /. Carruca ; a town 
of Hispania Bcetica: Hirt. 

car r us, i, m. (-um, i, n., Hirt.) 
A two-wheeled cart for heavy loads : 
ad impedimenta et carros suos se 
contnlernnt, Cass, f Hence, Fr. char. 

Carseoli, orum, m. Carseofi: a 
town of the Aiqui, in Latium (now the 
village Car soli). 

Carteia, as,/. Carteia: 1. A very 
ancient seaport town of Hispania Bcetica 
(now San Roque). — Hence, Cartei- 
ensis, e, adj. Of Carteia.— 2. The 
chief town of the Olcades, in Hispania 
Tarraconensis (now Orgaz). 

Carthsea,as,/., KapOaCa. Carthcea, 
a town on the west coast of Ceos (now 
Poles).-— Hence, Carth-aeus (-eius), 
a, um, adj. Carthcean? of Carthcea. 

Carthago (Kar«),inis [Abl. Car* 



thagml, Plaui.; Cic. ; Liv. [orig. 
Hebr.: New Txwn] Cartilage: 1.: a. 
Prop.: A celebrated city of Northern 
Africa (Gr. Kapx^jSwi'), the ruins of 
which are in the vicinity of Tunis. — 
Hence, Carthagin-lensis, e, adj. 
Of, ox belonging to, Carthage; Carthag- 
inian.— As Subst. : Carthaginien- 
sis, is, m. ysc. civi.-s) A Carthaginian. 
— b. Meton.: Personified : Carthago ; 
the daughter of the fourth Hercules. — 
2, (Also with the appell. Nova) A 
large seaport town, founded by the 
Carthaginians after the first Panic war, 
in Hispania Tarraconensis ; New Carth- 
age (now Cartagena). 

carun-cula, 33, f. dim. [for caron- 
cula; fr. caro, as if having a Gen. 
caron-is] A little piece of flesh: Cic. 

1 . ca-rus, a, um, adj. [ace. to some 
from the root /caS, in k^Sos, Dor. ko.8o<;, 
tare, concern, and Kfj&o/xai, to have a 
care; cf. Gael, cad, friend; hence, 
cared for; — but prob. akin to Sanscrit 
root kam, amare ; hence, loved] I. 
prop.: Dear, precious, valued, esteemed, 
loved: cari sunt parentes, cari liberi, 
propinqui, familiares, etc. : Cic. : 
( Co tup.) conjux carior, Ov.; Cic. — As 
Subst.'. cari, orum, Beloved ones: 
Plaut. II. Meton.: Dear, costly, of 
«high price: (Sup.) carissima annona, 
Cic. ^f Hence, Fr. cher. 

2. Cams, i, m. [1. cams] Cams; 
a Roman name. 

Carventana arx. The citadel 
of Carventum, in Latium. 

Carvilius, ri, m. Carvilius: 1. 
A Boman name. — 2. Tlxe name of one 
of the four kings in Cantium (Kent), 
in the time of Julius Caesar. 

Carystds, i,/.= Ka'pu<TTo?. Carys- 
tos ; a very ancient town on the south 
coast of Euboea, celebrated for its mar- 
ble. — Hence, Caryst>eus, a, um, 
adj. Of Gary st os, Carystian. 

ca»sa, £e, /. [prob. for scad-sa ; 
akin to Sanscrit root skad, iegere(The 
covering thing; hence) I, Gen.: A 
rnt/s! fi - or P oor fy built house; a hut, 
a ^ age ' Lu ^^he ?,etc.: humileshabic- 

small country- h o Ust: Mart. - B. A 
bower ^or booth: Tib.-C. A soldier's 
hui:\jQ&B. <\\ Hence, Fr. chez, case; 
and, perhaps, caserne. 

cascus, a, um, adj. [Sabine word] 
Old: prisoi illi quos cascos appellat 
Ennius, Cie. 

caseus, i, m. Clieese. I. Prop.: 
major pars victus eorum lacte, et 
caseo, et carne consistit, Cass. II. 
Fig.: As a term of endearment : 

casla, ee, /.=K<x<7ta. Casta: 1. 
A tree with an aromatic bark, like cin- 
namon, prob. the wild cinnamon : Virg. 
—2. A fragrant shrub-like plant, mez- 
weon (called also cneoron or thym- 
•slsea) : Virg. ^f Hence, Fr. casse. 

Casilirmm, i, n. Casilinum; a 
town of Campania, on the Vulturnus, 
near the ancient Capua (in its place 
stands the present Capua).— -Hence, 
Oastlln-enses, ium, m. The inhab- 
Kiants of Casilinum. 

Casinum, i, n. Casinum; a Rom- 
an colony in Latium (its citadel the 
present Monte Casino).— Hence, Cas- 
Iii-as, atis, adj. Of Casinum. 

ca-so no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. intens. [forcad-so ; fr. cad-o] To 
be ready to fall, to totter : Plaut. 

Casperia, ve, f. Casperia ; a town 
of the Sabines. 

Caspii, orum, m. [orig. Persian ; 
ace. to Pott. = evtinroi, good riders] 
The Caspii ; a people inhabiting the 
northern part of Media (what is now 
the north of Azerbijan and Ghilan). 
—Hence, Caspi-us, a, um, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, the Caspii; Caspian. — 
As Subst.: Caspise, arum, /. (sc. 
porta?) The Caspian Gates, i. e. the 
narrow passes in Mount Taurv\ 

Cassandra, se, /., Kacro-dvSpa. 
Cassandra ; a daughter of Priam and 
Hecuba, who continually proclaimed 
the approaching destruction of Troy, 
but was believed by no one. 

Cassandrea, ve, /. KaacrdvSpeia. 
(The thing pertaining to Cassander ; 
hence) Cassandrea; a town of Mace- 
donia, upon the peninsula Pallene, pre- 
viously called Potidma, rebuilt by Cas- 
sander, a son of Antipater. — Hence, 
Cassandr-eus (trisyll.), ei, m. The 
man of Cassandrea ; a surname of the 
tyrant Apollodorus, who reigned there. 

cass-e, adv. [cass-us] Fruitlessly, 
in vain, to no purpose: Liv. 

cas-ses, Turn (Abl. Sing, casse), m. 
[for cad-ses; fr. cad-o] (That which 
falls; hence) I. Prop. : A hunting- 
net, a snare, toil: Virg.; Ov. II. 
Meton.: Of a spider : The web : Virg. 
III. Fig.: Snares, plots: viso casse 
resistet amans, Ov. 

cassida, se, v. cassis. 

Cassiope, es (-§pea, -Spla, se, 

Cic), /., KaaatOTrrj and Kacrcrto/reia. 
Cassiope, Cassiepea, or Cassiepia: 1. 
The wife of Cepheus, and mother of 
Andromeda ; afterwards placed among 
the constellations. — 2. A town in Cor- 
cyra (now Cassiope or Cassopo). 

cassis, Mis (-ida, vc, Virg. ; Prop.), 
/. [perhaps an Etruscan word] I. 
Prop.: A helmet (of metal): mul- 
iones cum cassidibus, Cass. II. M e t- 
o n. : War : aetas patiens cassidis, Juv. 

Cassius, ii, m. Cassius; a Rom- 
an name. — Hence, 1. Cassi-us, a, 
um, adj. Of, or belonging to, Cassius. 
— 2. Cassi-anus, a, um, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Cassius. 

Cassivelaunus, i, m. Cassive- 
launus ; a British chief. 

cas-sus, a, um, adj. [forcar-sus; 
fr. car-eo] (Being without, wanting, 
etc.; hence) I. Prop.: A. Gen.: 
Empty, void, hollow: nux, Hor. B. 
E s p. : Wanting, devoid of, deprived of, 
without: (with Abl.) lumine cassus, 
deprived of life, dead: Virg.: (with 
Gen.) cassus luminis ensis, Cic. II. 
Fig.: Vain, empty, useless, futile, 
fruitless : vota, Virg. — As Subst. : 
cassa, orum, n. Vain, trifling , foolish 
subjects: Plaut. — Adverbial ex- 
pressions: Cassum , in cassum (or 
as one word incassum), Vainly, fruit- 

lessly, uselessly, in vain, to nopurp&s&i 
Sen.; Virg.; Tac. 

CastaHa, se, /., Kao-raXia. Cos* 
talia ; a fountain of Parnassus, sacreS 
to Apollo and the Muses. — Henc^ 
Castali-us, a, um, adj. Castalian. 

castanea, ae, /. = Kdo-ravov. L 
Prop. : The chestnut-tree: PI. 11« 
Moton.: A chestnut: Virg. ^[ Hence; 
Fr. chdlaigne. 

cast-e, adv. [cast-us] I. Prop.'. 
A. Without stain, uprightly, honestly. 
Plaut. Cic. — 2. Purely, chastely, mod- 
estly : Cic. — 3. Piously, religiously, 
icith devoutness: (Comp.) castius Sacra 
facere, Liv.: (Sup.) dcos castissimo 
colere, Cic. 

castell-anus, a, um, adj. [castell- 
um] Of, or pertaining to, a castle or 
fortress: triumphi, for the capture of 
a castle, Cic. — As Subst. : castell-anL 
orum, »i. (sc. incolae) The occupants oj 
a castle: Sail. Liv. ^f Hence, Fr.' 

castell-atim, adv. [id.] Castle- 
wise: dissipati, scattered about, as i\ 
were, in different fortresses, i. e. in 
different bodies, Liv. 

castel-lum, i, n. dim. [for caster* 
lum ; fr. castrum, cast(e)r-i] I. 
Prop.: A castle, fort, citadel, fortress, 
stronghold: Crcs.j'Sall.; Cic. II. Fig.: 
Shelter, defence, refuge: Cic. ; Liv. 
III. Meton.: A residence situate on 
an eminence: Virg. ^f Hence, Fr. (old) 
chastel, (mod.) chateau. 

casteria, aa, /. [etym. dub.] A 
place of rest for rowers in a gallev : 

cast-I-f ic-us, a, um [for east-i- 
fac-us ; fr. cast-us ; (i) ; fac-io] Made, 
chaste or spotless; pure: mens, Sen. 

castiga-bilis, e.adj. [castig(a)-o] 
Worthy of chastisement, deserving pun- 
ishment: culpa, Plaut. 

castigat-e, adv. [castigat-us] 1. 
Briefly, concisely: (Comp.) heec de 
monade castigatius (sc. dixit), Macr. 
—2. Narrowly, closely: Sen. 

castiga-tio, onis, /. [castig(a)-o] 
I. Prop.: A correcting, chastising, 
punishment, correction, reproof, etc.: 
Cic. II. Meton.: A trimming or 
lopping of plants : PI. *lf Hence, Fr. 
(old) castigation. 

castlga-tor, oris, m. [id.] I. 
Prop.: One who corrects or chastises ; 
a corrector, reprover: Plant.; Liv. II. 
Meton.: He who restrains or holds 
close: PI. 

eastlgator-Ius, a, um, adj. [cast- 
igator] After the manner of a reprover 
or corrector: solatium, PI. 

castiga-tus, a. um : 1. P. of cast- 
ig(a)-o. — 2. Pa-. : (Confined, com- 
pressed; hence) a. Of size: Small, 
slender, close: pectus, Ov. — b. Re- 
strained, checked: (SwpOcastigatissima 
disciplina, the strictest, Gell. 

cast-igo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[cast-us] (To make pure; hence) I. 
Prop.: A. To set right, correct, chastise, 
punish; to reprove, chide, censure, find 
fault with: segnitiem hominum atque 
inertiam, Cic: (without Object) castig- 
ando increpandoque plus, quam leniter 



agendo, proflcere, Liv.-— B. To hold 
in check, to restrain: plebem, Tac II. 
Mo ton. : Of space: To inclose, sur- 
round, encompass, invest: insula cast- 
igatur aquis, Sil. III. Fig.: A. To 
correct any thing faulty ; to set right, 
amend: carmen, Hor.— B. To check, 
restrain : castig«,tus animi dolor, Cic 
*jf Hence, Fr. chdtier. 

cast»imonia, as, /. [cast-us] (A 
being castus; hence) I. Gen.: Purity 
of morals, morality: Cic. II. Esp.: 
Physical purity, such as is requisite 
for religious services ; chastity, abstin- 
ence : Cic. ; Liv. 

cast-Itas, atis, /. [id.] (The state 
or quality of the castus; hence) 1. 
Purity of morals, morality : Gell.-— 2. 
Chastity : Cic. ; Hor. f Hence, Fr. 
(old) castte, (mod.) chaste/4. 

1. castor, oris (Ace. castora, Juv.), 
m.—icda-Twp [prob. for tcaS-r^p, " an 
exceller"] A castor, beaver: Ov. f 
Hence, Fr. castor. 

2. Castor, oris, m. KaVrtop (id.) 
Castor. 1. The son of Tyndarus and 
Leda, brotlier of Helena and Pollux, 
with whom, as twin stars (Gemini), he 
served as a guide to mariners. — P a r t- 
icular expression : Ecastor or 
mecastor, By Castor: Plaut.; Ter. - 
Hence, Castor-eus, a, um, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Castor. —2. A grandson 
of Deiotarus. — 3. A companion of 
jEneas. — 4. A certain gladiator, «jf 
Hence, Fr. Castor. 

castor-eum, ei, n. [1. castor] (A 
thing pertaining to a castor ; hence) 
Castor or castoreum ; a secretion o £ the 
beaver : Lucr. : — Plur. : virosaque 
Pontus (sc. mittit) Castorea, Virg. f 
Hence, Fr. castoreum. 
castra, orurn, etc., v. castrum. 
castr-ensds, e, adj. [castr-a] Of, 
or pertaining to, a camp; camp-'. 
ratio, Cic: consilium, Liv. 

cas-tro, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[for caed-tro; fr. casd-o] I. Prop.: 
To deprive of generative power (said 
both of male and female) ; to emas- 
culate, castrate, geld: Plaut.; Suet.; PI, 
II. Fig.: A. Of strength: To dimin- 
ish, lessen, impair, destroy: castratas 
vires, PI.— B. Of avarice: To check, 
restrain: avaritiam, Claud. III. Met- 
o n. : Of books : To expurgate, to re- 
move (from (hem) what is objectionable : 
Mart. *S[ Hence, Fr. clidtrer. 

cas-trum, i, n. [prob. for scad- 
trum ; akin, like ca-sa, to Sanscrit 
root skad, tegere~\ (The accomplisher of 
covering; the covering thing; hence) 
1. Sing. : A protected place; a castle, 
fort, fortress : Nep. — With particular 
descriptive terms, as a name of a 
placa : a. Castrum Truentinum, a 
place in Picenum (now Torre Segura). 
— b. Castrum Inu'i, a city of Latium. 
— c. Castrum Novum, prob. a town 
ofEiruria, south of Centumcellm (now 
the village of Marinello). — d. Castra 
Cornelia (or Corneliana), the camp of 
Cornelius, on the north coast of Africa, 
near Utica (so called because the elder 
Scipio African us first pitched his camp 
here, after his lauding in Africa, in 

the second Punic war). — 2. Plur. : a. 
Prop.: (Several soldiers' tents together ; 
hence) A military camp, an encamp- 
ment : stativa, occupied for a long time, 
permanent: navalia, an encampment on 
the shore for protecting the fleet and the 
troops while landing ; sometimes con- 
nected with the ships drawn to land, Cass.: 
lunata, crescent-shaped, Hirt.: castra 
movere, to break up, to decamp, Cass.: 
also, to march forth from a camp, id.— 
b. F i g. : Of philosophical sects : A 
camp: Epicuri, Cic: nil cupientium, 
Hor.— c. Me ton.: (a) Of milit. mat- 
ters : (a) A day's march : secundis 
castris pervenit ad Dium, Liv.— (/3) 
Military service: magnum in castris 
usum habebant, Cass. — (y) Military 
works: oppidum sex castellis castris- 
que maximis sepsi, Cic— (b) Of bees : 
A swarm while flying : Ov. 

Castillo, onis,/., Kaordkhiv. Cas- 
tillo; a town inllispania Tarraconensis 
(now the village Cazorla ; ace. to 
others, Catena).— Hence,Castuldn- 
ensis, e, adj. Of Castulo. 

cas-tus, a, um, adj. [for cad-tus; 
akin to Sanscrit root qudh, purificare, 
lusirare; Gr. K a0-ap6s, KaO-aipco] I. 
Prop.: A. Gen.: Morally pure, un- 
polluted, spotless, guiltless : Of persons 
or things : nulli fas casto sceleratum 
insistere limen, Virg. : (Comp.) quis 
hoc adolescente castior? Cic: (Sup.) 
castissima vita, id. B. Esp.: 1. 
Pure, chaste, continent : matres, Virg. : 
domus, Hor. — 2. Pious, religious, holy, 
sacred : Of persons or things : hac 
casti maneant in religione nepotes, 
Virg. — 3. Free from what is wrong 
in any respect ; upright, honourable, 
disinterested : homo castus ac non cup- 
idus, Cic II. Fig.: Of style: Pure, 
chaste, free from barbarisms: Gell. «f 
Hence, Fr. chaste. 

cas-tlla, 33,/. dim. [cas-a] A little 
cottage or hut ; a small house : Juv, 

ca-sus, us, m. [for cad-sus; fr. 
cad-o] 1.: a. Prop.: (a) Gen.: A 
falling down, a fall, etc.: celsas grav- 
iore casu Decidunt turres, Hor.— (b) 
Esp.: A fall, overthrow: eoque ictu 
me ad easum dari, Script, ap. Cic. — b. 
Fig.: (a) Of time: The end: hiemis, 
Virg.— (b) A moral fall, a false step, 
an error: Cic. — 2.: a. Gen.: That 
which comes to pass, turns out, or 
happens, unexpectedly ; an occurrence, 
event, accident, chance : casus rariores, 
Cic — Adverbial Abl.: Casu, By 
chance, casually, by accident: Cic.-~b. 
Esp.: (a) An adverse event; a bad- 
condition; a misfortune, mishap, cal- 
amity: Cic; nor. — (b) Euphemistic 
for Death: Cass. — 3. An occasion, op- 
portunity for something: Sail.; Tac. 
—4. Gramm. t. L; Of a noun : A case: 
rectus, the nominative: Cic. ^ Hence, 
Fr. cas. 

Catabathmos (-ns),i, m., Kara- 
paO/Ao? (a descent or slope). Catabath- 
mos; a tract of sloping land in Libya, 
on the borders of Egypt, with a city of 
the same name. 

catadromus, i, m. = tcardSpoixos 
(a running down) . A rope extended on 

an inclined plane, upon which frained 
elephants walked : Suet. 

Catadupa, oram, n., Kar dbovuu 
(Tilings resounding downwards, i.e. 
falling downwards with a loud sound). 
Catadupa ; a celebrated cataract of the 
Nile, near Syene, on the borders of Egypt 
(now Chellal). The roar of its ivaiers 
was such as to deafen those who dwelt 
near it. 

catagelasimus, a, um, adj.-Ka.- 
TayeAach/xo?. Serving for ridicule or 
derision: Plant. 

catagraplms, a, um, adj.= K ard- 
ypa(j)os. Painted, coloured, depicted : 
Thyni, Cat. 

Catalaimi (Gate-), drum, m. 
Catalauni or Catelauni; a Gallic people 
and town (now Chdlons-sur-Marne). 

Catana (-Ina), as, /. [Kardvn ; a 
Sicilian word = TvpoKvqaTi<;, "acheese- 
scraper"] Catana or Catina; a town on 
the east coast of Sicily, at the foot of 
JEtna (now Catania).— Hence, Catln- 
ensis (-lensis, Just.), e, adj. Of, 
or belonging to, Catina. — As Subst. : 
Catinenses, nun, m. (sc. cives) The 
inhabitants of Catina. 

Cataones, um, m. Tlie Cataones ; 
a people of Southern Cappadocia,— 
Hence, Gataonla, as,/. Cataonia, 
the country of the Cataones. 

eataphractes, as, m.=Kara<ppaK- 
t>j? (That which shuts up or covers ; 
hence) A coat of mail, furnished with 
iron scales : Tac 

c&taphr actus, a, um, adj. =Kard- 
<£pa*Tos. Mailed, in mail: Liv.; Prop, 
cataplus, i, m.=KaTaTrAou9. (The 
landing or coming to shore of a fleet or 
ship; hence) A ship or fleet Uiat comes 
to land : Cic. ; Mart. 

Catapulta, se,f. = o KaraTreArTj? : 
I. Prop.: A catapult; a large engine 
of war for throwing arrows, lances, 
etc: Cass. II. Met on. : A missile 
hurled from a catapult : Plaut. ^T 
Hence, Fr. catapulte. 

catapult-arlus, a, um, adiAfj+% 
pult-a] Belonging to, or tfi*-" 71 0y ' 
catapult: pilum, Plmu 1 . , _, 

cataracta teatarr-), ®',,f{ mt 

which dashes down): 1. A tmte K tall, 
a cataract, esp. of the Nile : Luc, n. 
—2. Milit. t.t.: A f alt-gale, portcullis: 
Liv. % Hence, Fr. cataracte. 

cataractrla, se, f. Cataractria ; 
a word coined for the designation of a 
species of spice : Plaut. 

CataSCOpUS, i, m. — Karao-KOTros 
(exploring, spying). A spy-ship, a 
vessel sent out to reconnoitre : Hirt. 

Catasta, ae, /. [KaTaVraats] A 
scaffold or stage, on which slaves were 
exposed to sale : Tib. 

cat- 3, adv. [cat-us] Wisely, sagac- 
iously; skilfully, dexterously: Plant, 4 

catela (trisyll.), as, /. [a Celtlo 
word] A cateia ; a kind of missile 
weapon: Virg. 

1. catel-la, as, /. dim. [for catul- 
la; fr. catul-us] A little ov young bitch: 
Juv. ; Mart. 

2, catel-la, ge, /. dim. [for eaten 



la ; fr. caten-a] A small chain (esp. of 
gold or silver) used as an ornament: 
Liv. ; Hor. 

1. catel-lus, i, m. dim. [for catul- 
lus ; fr. catul-us] A little dog, pvppy, 
whelp: I. Prop.: Plaut. ; Oic. II. 
Fig.: As a term of endearment: sumc, 
catelle ; negat, Hor. 

2. catel-lus, i, m. dim. [for caten- 
lus ; fr. caten-a] A small chain (esp. 
of iron, for placing upon slaves) : 

catena, re, /. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: A chain, a fetter : in catenas 
jconjicere aliquem, Cass.: catenas in- 
x jicere alicui, Cic II. Fig.: A banner, 
restraint, check : legum sacratarum, 
Cic: hunc (sc. animum): Hor. III. 
Met on. : A series of things or per- 
sons connected together ; a chain : 
Lucr. <fl" Hence, Fr. (old) cadene, 
(mod.) chaine, cadenas. 

caten-arlus, a, urn, adj. [caten-a] 
Of, or pertaining to, a chain: canis, 

eaten-atus, a, urn, adj. [id.] 
Chained, bound, fettered: janitor, Ov. 

caterva, as, /. [etym. dub.] I. 
Prop.: A. Ge n. : A crowd, troop, 
band of men : eatervaa testium, Cic. 
B. E s p. : 1 . Milit. 1. 1. : A body of sold- 
iers ; a troop, company, band (usually 
of barbarian troops) : Lyciee catervaa, 
Hor. — 2. Dramatic t. t. : A company 
or troop of actors (usually called grex): 
Plaut. II. Meton.: A. Of animals: 
A flock: pecudum, Lucr.: avium, Virg. 
— B. Of abstract things : A heap, etc.'. 
verborum, Gell. *| Hence, Fr. (old) 

caterv-arlus, a, urn, adj. [caterv- 
a] Of, or pertaining to, a crowd or troop : 
pugiles,flghting in. bands, Suet. 

cater v-atim, adv. [id.] 1, In 
companies, in troops : catervatim in 
nostros concurrunt, Sail. — 2. In, or 
by, flocks: catervatim dat stragem, 

cathedra, as, /. = KaOeSpa : I, 
Prop.: A. Gen.: A chair, a stool 
(esp. one furnished with cushions and 
supports for icomen) ; an arm-chair : 
Hor. B. Esp. : 1. A sedan chair: 
strata positus longaque cathedra, Juv. 
— 2. A teacher's or professor's chair : 
oircum pulpita nostra Et steriles cath- 
fcdras basia sola crepant, Mart. II. 
Meton.: Cathedrae molles, effeminate 
women, Juv. ^ Hence, Fr. chaire, 

Catlfllna. a?, m. Catiline: 1. 
Prop.: L. Sergius Catilina; a Roman 
who was notorious for several times at- 
tempting insurrectiofis against hiscoun- 
tt-y.~ Hence, Catilln-arlus, a, urn, 
adj. Pertaining to Catiline, Catilmarian: 
eeminarium, Oic. — 2. Meton.: An 
abandoned person : Sen. 

catill-o, avi, atum* are, 1. v. a. 
[1. catill-us] To lick a dish or plate: 

1. eatil-lus (eatel-), i, m. dim. 
[for catin-lus ; fr. catin-us] I. Prop.: 
A small bowl, dish, or plate: Val. Max. 
H. M e t o n. : From similarity of shape: 
Of an ornament on a scabbard : PI. 

2. Catillus (-¥lus, Hor.), i, m. 
Catillus or Caiilus ; a brother of Tiburtm, 
with ivhom he built Tvbitr. 

Catma, £e, v. Catana. 

catmus, i, m. [akin to Sicilian ! 
koltivov, Var.] I. Prop. : A deep 
vessel for serving up or cooking food ; 
a bowl, dish: Hor. II. Meton.: For 
incense : A censer : Suet. f[ Hence, 
Fr. catin. 

Catius, ii, m. Catius : 1. An 
Epicurean philosopher. — Hence, Catl- 
anus, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
Catius. — 2. A feigned name in Hor. 

Cativolcus (Catu-), i, m. Cati- 
volcus or C'atuvolcus ; a king of half the 
country of the Eburones. 

Cat-o,6nis, m. [cat-us] (The sharp 
ov intelligent one) I. Prop.: Calo; a 
Roman name: A. M. Porcius Cato,the 
elder, distinguished as a rigid judge of 
morals. — Hence, Caton-Ianus, a, 
um, adj. Of Cato. — B. M. Porcius 
Cato, the younger, the enemy of Ccesar, 
who committed suicide after the battle of 
Pharsalia, at Ulica (hence, called Utic- 
ensis). — Hence, CSton-mi, drum, m. 
The adherents or friends of Cato. — C. 
Valerius Cato, A celebrated grammar- 
ian of Gaul, and poet in the time of 
Sulla. II. Meton. : (on account of 
the austere character of both A. and 
B. no. I.): for A gloomy, morose, stern 
man : Sen. ; Juv. 

cato«nIum,ii,fl. [ko'tw] TIieLoioer 
World: Script. Gell. — Hence the play 
upon the word: vereor, ne in catonium 
Catoninos, Cic. 

catta, as,/. An animal of the cat 
kind: Mart. 

Catti, orum, v. Chatti. 

Catullus, i, m. Catullus: 1. C. 
Valerius Catullus ; a celebrated Roman 
writer of elegies and epigrams, born on 
the peninsula Sirmio, in the territory of 
Verona, 87 B.C. — Hence, Catull- 
lanus, a, ran, adj. Of Catullus.— 2. 
A inimographer of the time of Juvenal. 

cat-tilus, i, m. dim. [akin to canis ; 
prob. through an obsol. cat-us] I. 
Prop.: A young dog ; a whelp, puppy : 
sic canibus catulos similes . . . Noram, 
"Virg. II. Meton. : A cub, etc., of 
animals in general : catulos feras 
Celent inultas, Hor. 

Caturlges, um, m. The Caturiges; 
a Gallic people in the former Dauphind. 

catus, a, um, adj. [Sabine =acutus, 
ace. to Var.] I. Prop.: Operat- 
ing acutely upon the hearing; clear- 
sounding, shrill : jam cata signa feras 
sonitum dare voce parabant, Enn. 
II. Meton.: A. In a good sense: 
Clear-sighted, intelligent, sagacious, 
wise: prudens et, ut ita dicam, catus, 
Cic. — B. In a bad sense : Of persons 
or things : Sly, crafty, cunning, artful: 
ille catus, quantum vis rusticus, Hor. 

Caucasus, i (Gr. Ace. Caucason, 
Ov.), m,, KavKaaos. Caucasus; a 
chain of rough mountains, inhabited by 
wild tribes, in Asia, between the Black 
and Caspian Seas.— Hence, Caucas- 
lus, a, um, cujtj. Pertaining to Caucasus, 

caud-a (cod-), as,/, [prps. akin to 

root kv6, K€v$-o> } to cover, to Itide] t t 
Prop.: The tail of animals : oculos 
natura nobis, ut equo et leoni setas, 
caudam, aures, ad motfis animorum 
declarandos dedit, Cic: cauda pavoni 
(sc. donata), id. — Prov, : Caudam 
trahere, To drag a tail; i. e. (o have a. 
tail stuck on in mockery: Hor. H. 
Meton.: The end of a word ; in a piny 
upon Verris and Verrutium: videti? 
extremam partem nominis, caudam 
illam Verris (as it were, that boar's- 
tail), Cic. f Hence, Fr. queue. 

caud-eus, a, um, adj. [prp s - for 
caudlc-Sus, from caudex, caudic-is] 
Of wood ; wooden : cistella, Plaut. 

caudex (cod-), Tcis, m. [etym. 
dub.] I. Prop. : A. Gen.: The trunk 
of a tree, stock, stem : caudicibus sectis, 
Virg. B. Esp.: A heavy log of wood 
(chained to the feet of slaves) : Juv. II. 
F i g. : A term of reproach : Block, dolt, 
blockhead: caudex, stipes, asinus, Ter. 
III. Meton. : A. A structure or work 
composed of boards: plurium tabuL 
arum contextus caudex vocatur, Sen. 
— B,: 1. A book for writing in; anote- 
or memorandum-book: Cic. — 2. An 
account-book, and particularly a ledger 
(while adversaria signifies the waste- 
book ; hence only the former was of 
any validity_in law): Cic. 

caudlc-alis, c,adj. [caudex, ca^id- 
ic-is] Pertaining to the trunks oftrees i 
of wood: Plaut. 

Caudluni, ii, n. Caudium; a town 
in Samnium, near Benerento, celebrated 
for the narrow mountain pass where 
the Roman army was enclosed by the 
Samnites, A.u.c. 434.— Hence, Caud- 
inus, a, um, adj. Of Caudium, 

cau-lse, arum, /. [for cav-lae ; fr. 
cav-us] (The hollow things ; hence) 1. 
Openings, holes, passages: per caulas 
omncs, Lucr. —2. Sheepfolds, sheep- 
cotes: quum fremit (sc. lupus) ad 
caulas, Virg. 

cauMctlius (col-), i, m. dim. 
[caul-is] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A 
small stalk, stem, or shoot of a plant, 
etc. : Var. ; PI. B. E s p. : Of the vine : 
A tendril : viteus, Var. II. Meton.; 
A little cabbage : Suet. 

caulis (col-), is, m.=/cavA6? : I. 
Prop.: A. Gen.: A stalk, stem, or 
shoot of a plant, etc.: PL; Col. B. 
Esp.: Of the vine: A tendril: Var. 
II. Meton.: A. A cabbage, colewort : 
Cic; Hor. — B. Of a feather: The 
quill: PI. f Hence, Fr. chou. 

Caulonta, se, /., -on, 5nis, m. 
Caulonia or Caulon; a town founded 
by the Achceans on the east coast of 
Bruttium (in the vicinity of the pre- 
sent Castel Vefere). 

1. Caunus, \,f., Kavvos. Cannus, 
a town on the coast of Caria (now Copi. 
or, acc^to others, Kingi). — Hence, 
Caun-ea, aa, /. (A thing pertaining 
to Caunus; hence) A Caunean jig • 

2. Caunus, i, m. Caunus; a son 
of Miletus. 

caup-o (Cop-), 6nis, m. Tetym. 
dub. ; prob. akin, to fcair-TjAos] I t 



Prop.: An innkeeper, publican, tavern- 
keeper : Cic II. Met on.: A petty 
tradesman, a huckster: Plaut. 

caupdn-a, se, /. [caupo, caupon- 
is] (A thing pertaining to a caupo ; 
hence) 1. An inn, hostelry, etc.: Hor. 
— 2. A tavern, wine -shop, place of 
entertainment, etc. : Cic. 

caupon-ius, a, urn, adj. [id.] Of, 
c? belonging to, a retail shopkeeper, 
or to an innkeeper : puer, a shop or 
ta:ern boy, waiter, Plaut. 

canpon»or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. 
dep. [id.] ( To act the caupo in a thing ; 
hence) To traffic or trade in a thing : 
Fig.: bellum, Enn. 

caupon-ula, se, f. [caupon-a] A 
small inn or tavern : Cic. 

Caurus (Cor-),i,?n. Caurus; the 
north-west wind: Cass.; Virg. 

causa (-ssa), se, /. [etym. dub.] 
I. Prop.: A. G-en.: A cause, reason, 
motive, inducement; an occasion, opport- 
unity: Cic; Virg.; Hor.— Particul- 
ar phrases, etc.: 1. Nullam or non 
causam dicere, quin, To assign no 
reason, why not; to make no objection, 
not to refuse to ; not to hinder, not to 
'prevent from: Plaut.; Ter. — 2. Ad- 
verbial Abl. : Causa, For the sake of, on 
account of: honoris causa, Cic: vestra 
causa, id. B. Esp. : 1. : a. Good 
reason, full right, just cause: Cic — b. 
A feigned cause, a pretext, pretence. — 
Particular phrase: Per causam, 
Under a pretext: Cods.; Tib. — c. An 
apology, excuse: Cic — 2. Medical t. t.: 
A disease (which hinders action) : 
Cels. — 3.: a. In Rhetoric: Matter, 
subject-matter, subject: Cic. — b. Law 
t. t.i A cause in law, judicial process, 
lawsuit: Cic; Tac II. Me ton. : A. 
A party, faction, cause, which one 
defends: Cic; Quint. — B. A relation 
of friendship, connection: Cic — C. A 
condition, state, situation, relation, posi- 
tion: Cic; Cses,— D. A cause or busi- 
ness undertaken for any one ; an 
employment: Cic; Nep. % Hence, Fr. 
cause, chose. 

caus-arlus, a, um, adj. [caus-a] 
{Pertaining to disease ; hence) I. C- e n. : 
Sick, diseased, ill: corpus, Sen.: partes, 
id. — As Subst.: causarii, drum, m. 
(sc. homines) Persons sick or diseased; 
invalids: PL II. Esp.: Milit. t. t.: 
Discharged on account of ill -health ; 
invalided : Liv. 

causia, as, /. = Kavaria. A causia ; 
a hat tvith a broad brim, made of felt: 
Plant.; Val. Max. 

caus-i-dic-us, i, m. [caus-a; (i); I 
dic-o] A counsel, pleader, advocate (in | 
a. contemptuous sense, as one who I 
pleads for money and without skill, 
diff. from orator) : Cic. ; Juv. <ft I 
Hence, Fr. (old) causidique. 

caus-I-fic-or, no perf., ari, 1. v. 
dep. [for caus-i-fac-or ; fr. caus-a; (i); 
fac-io] To allege a cause ; to make a j 
pretext or preten ce ; to pretend : Plaut. I 

caus-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. \ 
[caus-a] I. To assign or give as a \ 
reason (whether real or feigned) for \ 
something»; -to- plead as an excuse; to ' 
pretend, allege, etc: negotia, Tac: 

(with Objective clause) corrumpi equos, 
Liv.: (without Object) causandn nos- 
tros in longum ducis amores, Virg. 
II. (Prop.: To conduct a cause; to be 
an advocate, etc ; Fig.) To dispute, 
discuss, or debate about a matter : 
Lucr. f Hence, Fr. causer. 

causticus, a, um, adj. — ko.vo-tik6s. 
Burning, caustic, corrosive: spuma, a 
kind of soap with which the Germans 
coloured their hair, Mart. — As Subst. : 
causticum, i, n. (sc. medicamentum) 
A burning, corroding medicament: PI. 
% Hence, Fr. caustique. 

caus-ula, as, /. dim. [caus-a] 1. 
A slight unimportant occasion: Hirt. 
— 2. A petty lawsuit : Cic 

caut-e, adv. [caut-us] 1. Cautious- 
ly, carefully: (Comp.) olivum San- 
guine viperino Cautius vitat, Hor.: 
(Sup.) ut cautissime tractare, Cic. — 
2. With security, cautiously, securely, 
safely: caute fieri, Cic 

cau-tes, is, /. [akin to Sanscrit 
root 90, acuere} (A sharpened thing; 
hence) A rough pointed rock ; a crag : 
Cass.; Virg. 

cau-tim, adv. [for cav-tim; fr. 
cav-eo] Cautiously, warily : Ter. 
I cau-tio, onis, /. [for cav-tio ; fr. 
\ cav-eo] I. Gen.: Wariness, precau- 
tion, caution, circumspection: Cic. — 
J Particular phrases: A. Mihi 
■ cautioest( = cavendum est), Foresight, 
I caution is necessary: Plaut,— B. Mea 
; cautio est, / must see to it: Cic.' — C. 
i Res cautionem habet: 1. The matter 
I requires caution : Cic — 2. The matter 
permits or allows foresight: Cic. II. 
I Esp.: A. Law t. t.i Of mercantile 
i affairs, etc.: That by ichich one places 
\ himself or another in safety ; an oblig- 
ation, security, bond, warranty in 
; writing, etc.: vestree cautiones, Cic: 
. (with Objective clause) cautionem ex- 
egit, non alio datam summara, quam, 
i etc., Suet. — B. An oral warranty, 
1 guarantee, pledge : Cic. % Hence, Fr. 
: caution. 

I can-tor, oris, m. [for cav-tor ; fr. 
cav-eo] One who is on his guard or 
is wary : Plaut. — 2. One who is surety 
for any one : Cic 

cau-tus (for cav-tus), a, um : 1. 
P. of cav-eo.— 2. Pa.: a.: (a) In a 
good sense : Careful, circumspect, wary, 
cautious, provident : Of persons or 
things : cauti providique, Cic: (Sup.) 
cautissima senectus, Tac— (b) In a 
bad sense : Sly, artful, cunning : vulp- 
es, Hor,— b.:"(a) Prop.: Made safe, 
secured: (Comp.) quo mulieri esset res 
cautior (that her property might be 
made more secure), curavit, ut, etc., 
Cic: (with Gen.) cautus nummi, Hor. 
(b) Fig.: Safe, secure : in earn partem 
peecare, qu;B est cautior, Cic 

cav-ga, 33 (Gen. caveaT, Lucr.), /. 
[cav-us] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A hol- 
low place, a cavity : PI. B. Esp.: 1. 
A den, cavern, cave, etc: Lucr,— 2. 
Of animals: A stall, cage, den, etc.: 
Hor.; Mart.— 3. Of birds: A cage: 
Plaut. — 4. Of fowls, esp. the sacred 
chickens from which auguries were 
taken : A coop : Cic. — 5. Of bees : A 

hive: Virg.— -6. Of a theatre: The 
circular part of a theatre in which the 
spectators sat ; spectator'»' seats or 
benches : consessu ca veas,Virg. : - on ao 
count of the ascending rows of bench- 
es, ima (the seat of the nobility), media 
and summa (the seat of the lower 
classes) , Cic II. M e t o n. : A theatre.- 
Plaut.; Cic % Hence, Fr. cage. 

cav-eo, cavi, cautum, cavere (Im- 
per. regul. cave ; but dive, Cat.; Hor.), 
2. v. n. and a. [by some considered 
akin to Sanscrit root guh, tegere; and 
so To cover one's self; — by others, to 
/cof-e'w, to mark, observe, note, etc., and 
so, To mark, etc for one's self; hence] 
I, Gen.? A. Neut.: To be on one's 
guard; to take care, take heed, beware ', 
guard against, avoid: quum animum 
attendisset ad cavendum, Nep.; Cic; 
(Impers. Pass.) mihi tecum cavendum 
est, / must look out for myself with you : 
Plaut.: ipsus sibi cavit loco, in or by 
the place, Ter. — Particular con- 
structions: 1. With ab or Abl. of 
that against which one is to be on 
one's guard : To be on one's guard, 
etc, against: Pompeium admonebat, 
ut a me ipso caveret, Cic: cavere 
malo, Plaut. — 2. With ne c Subj.: 
To be on ones guard, etc., lest or against 
being, etc: cavete, ne nova proscrip- 
tio instaurata esse videatur, Cic. — 3. 
With simple Subj.: To be on one's 
guard, etc, how, or that one does etc. 
not: cave, ignoscas, Cic — 4. With ut 
c Subj.: To be on one's guard, etc. 
that : tertium est, ut caveamus, etc., 
Cic — B. Act.: To guard against, to 
be aware of, to beware of, etc: inter- 
ventum alicujus, Cic: cavenda etiam 
glorias cupiditas, id.: occursare capro 
caveto, Virg. II. Esp.: A. Law 
t.i.: 1. Neut.: To take care ox provide; 
to give order : quarum (sc. legum) 
altera privatorum aedificiis, altera ipsis 
sepulchris cavet, Cic — 2. Act.: To 
take care or provide for ; to order, de- 
cree, dispose of: si hoc, qui tcstamen- 
turn faciebat, cavere noluisset, Cic. — 
B. Mercantile t. t.: 1. Cavere ab 
aliquo : To take care against someone, 
i. e. to make one's self secure: Cic — 2. 
To make one secure by bail or surety 
(either written or real); to give secur- 
ity, to guarantee: civitates obsidibua 
de pecunia cavent, Cass. — C. In box- 
ing : To parry, to ward off a blow : 
ad versos ictus cavere, Quint. — D-: 
Cavere alicui, or alicui rei, To have a 
care for a person or thing : melius ei 
cavere volo, quam ipse aliis solet, Cic: 
securitati, Suet. 

cav-eraa, se, /. [cav-us] A hol- 
low, cavity, cave, cavern, grotto, hole: 
cavemas curvre, Virg.: navium, i. e. 
the hold of a ship : Cic. *fi Hence, Fr. 

cav-illa, se, f. dim. [cav-o] (The, 
hollowed, or hollow, thing ; hence) 
Bantering jests, raillery, jesting, scoff- 
ing, cavilling : Plaut. 

cavilla-tio, onis, /. [cavill(a)-or] 
1. A jesting, jeering, raillery, scoffing, 
irony in jest or in earnest : Liv.; Suet. 
— 2. An empty, sophistical , discourse 



sophistry : Quint. % Hence, Fr. cav- 

cavilla-tor, oris, m. [id.] 1. A 
humorist, jester, jeerer, caviller: Plaut.; 
Cic. — 2. A sophist: Sen. 

cavill-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
a. and n. [cavill-a] I.: A. Act.: To 
censure, satirize in jest or in earnest, 
to banter, to cavil or jeer at, to make 
sport of: verba patrum cavillans, Tac. : 
(with Objective clause) cavillatus est 
restate grave esse aureum amiculum, 
hieme frigidum, Cic. — B. Neut.: To 
practice jesting, to jest : familiariter 
cum ipso ctiam cavillor ac jocor, Cic. 
II. To use sophism, to quibble : caviil- 
ari turn tribuni, Liv. 

cavill-ula, se,f. dim. [id.] A little 
cavil, jest : Plaut. 

cav-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[cav-us] To make hollow, hollow out, 
excavate : naves cavabant ex singulis 
arboribus, Liv. % Hence, Fr. caver. 

cavus, a, um, adj. [akin to San- 
scrit root gxi, tumere; Gr. kv-u, kv- 
fia, Kv-aixos] (Swollen; hence with re- 
ference to the interior) Concave, excav- 
ated, holloic: concha, Virg. : trunci, 
Hor. — As Subst.: 1. cavus, i, m. (sc. 
locus) A hollow, cavity, hole: Var.; Hor. 

— 2. cavum, i, n. A hollow, cavity, 
hole : Cato, PL If Hence, Fr. cave. 

Caycus, I, m., v. Caicus. 

Caystros (-us), i, m., Ka'i/<rrpo?. 
The Caystrus; a river of Lydia, cele- 
foatedfor its swans (now the Mendere). 

— Hence, Caystr-Ius, a, um, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, the Caystrus. 

ce, an inseparable strengthening 
demonstrative particle, appended both 
to the beginning and end of words in 
different forms: 1. Ce (unchanged): 

a. At the beginning : 2. cedo, ceu. — 

b. At the end : hicce, hsecce hocce : 
Plur. hice, hascc, hascce : Gen. huj us- 
ee : Ace. huncce, hancce, etc.: Ace. 
Plur. hosce, hasce, hancce : Adv. hicce, 
hucce, hinccc, illicce, etc, sicce. — 2. 
Ci before the interrog. particle ne, in 
like manner appended : hiccine, hocci- 
ne, siccine, nunccine, etc.; and at the 
beginning in cis and citra. — 3. short- 
ened into c: hie (for hi-ce), sic, nunc. 
— 4. changed before the /{'-sound into 
cc : ecquis, ecquando. 

Cea, a3 ; Ceos, o, /. Cea or Ceos; 
one of the most important of the Cycl- 
ades, celebrated for its splendid female 
raiment (now Zia).~ Hence, Ce-us 
(Ci«), a, um, adj. Of Cea or Ceos.— 
As Subst.: 1. Cei, orum, m. (sc. in- 
colae) TJie inhabitants of Cea.— 2. Cea. 
(-ia), orum, n. (sc. vestimenta) Fe- 
male raiment of Cea. 

Cebren, cnis, m., Ke/3p7?i>. Cebren; 
ariver-godin Troas, father ofCEnone.— 
Hence, C ebren-is, Mos, /. A daugh- 
ter of Cebren. 

Cecrops, opis, m., Ke'/cpoi^. Ce- 
crops; the most ancient king of Attica, 
who went thither from the Egyptian Sais, 
and founded the citadel of Athens : ace. 
to the fable half man and half serpent 
(or half man and half woman). — 
Hsnce, 1. Cecr5p-Ius, a, um, adj. : 
a.Pr 0$. : 0f t or pertaining to, Cecrops, 

Cecropian. — b. M e to n. : Pertaining to 
Athens or Attica; Athenian, Attic. — As 
Subst. : Cecropia, se, /. (sc. urbs) 
Athens: Cat. — 2. Cecrop-Ides, a?, 
m.: a. Prop.: A male descendant of Ce- 
crops: (Voc.) Cecropida (i. e. llieseus), 
Ov. — b. Me ton. : (a) For One of no- 
ble descent: Juv. — (b) Cecropi&se, 
arum, m. Athenians: Ov. — 3. Ce- 
crop-is, Wis,/. : a. P r o p. : A female 
descendant of Cecrops: (a) So, His 
daughter Aglauros: Ov. — (b) Plur.: 
Procne and Philomele, daughiers of 
Pandion: Ov. — b. Me ton.: (a) As 
Subst. : An Athenian woman : Juv.— 
(b) As Adj.: Attic, of Attica. 

eed-ens, entis, P. of ced-o. 

1. ced-o, cessi, cessum, cedere, 3. 
v. n. and a. [akin to the Greek root 
Xa'S, xafrixai, to retire] I. Prop.: A. 
Gen.: To go, i. e. to be in motion, move, 
go along : nitidus qua quisque per 
ora Cederet, Hor. — Particular 
phrases: 1. Hoc cedere ad factum 
volo, / wish to go or proceed to this 
deed, i. e. to come to its execution, 
Plant.— 2. Cedere in unum : To be of 
one opinion : Tac. — 3. Cedere alicui or 
in aliquid or in aliquem, To come to, 
fall (as a possession) to one, to fall to 
one's lot or share, accrue : Cic. ; Hor. ; 
Tac. — 4. Cedere in aliquid, To be 
changed or to pass into something, to 
be equivalent to or become something: 
Liv.; PL— B. Esp. : 1. To go from; 
to remove, withdraw, go away from, 
depart, retire: ego cedam atque abibo, 
Cic. : patria, id. : e patria, id.: in 
auras, Ov.— 2. Milit. t. t.: To depart, 
or retire j from : de oppidis, i.e. to retire 
from or abandon, Cic. : loco, i. e. to 
yield, or give up one's post, Tac. — 
— Particular phrases : a. Cedere 
foro, To withdraw from the forum, i.e. 
to stop payment : Juv.- — b. Cedere (ali- 
cui) possessione or possessionibns, To 
give up or cede one 's property (to, or in 
the interest of, another) : Cic. II. Fig.: 
A. : 1. To succeed, prosper, have (some) 
result; to eventuate, happen, result, turn 
out; to work: bene, Hor.: male alicui, 
Ov. — 2. Cedere pro aliqua re, To be equi- 
valent to, to go for something : Cato; Tac. 
— B.: 1.: a. Gen.: To pass, pass away , 
vanish, disappear: aliquid memoria, 
Liv. — b. Esp.: (a) Of persons: To 
depart from life : e vita,, Cic. : vita, 
Tac. — (b) Of time: To pass away, 
vanish: horse quidem cedunt et dies et 
menses et anni, Cic. — 2.: a. To yield, 
give place, submit: Viriatho exercitus 
nostri imperatoresque cesscrunt, Cic. 
— b. To yield to in rank or distinction ; 
i. e. to be inferior to : quum tibi ajtas 
nostra jam cederet, fasccsque sum- 
mitteret, Cic. : neque multum cedebant 
virtute nostris, Cses. — 3. : a. Neut. 
To comply with the wishes, to yield to 
one: cessit auctoritati amplissimi viri, 
vel potius paruit, Cic. — b. Act.: To 
grant, concede, allow, give up, yield: 
currum ei,Liv.: (with Objective clause) 
si pleraque dure Dicere cedit eos, Hor. 
— 4. To yield or surrender one's self, 
etc. : cesserunt nitidis habit andse pisc- 
ibus undge, Ov. — 5. To give way or 

tyield in argument, etc. : Qurnfc. «ft 
Hence, Fr. edder. 

2. ce-do, v.a. old Imperat. f orm, of 
which the contr. plur. is cette [cor- 
rupted by contraction from ce-dato = 
hocce dato ; and so cette, from c§-date 
—hocce date] 1. Hither with it, give or 
bring here: Plaut.; Ter. — 2. Let us 
hear, tell, out iviih it: Cic; Ter.; Juv. 
— 3. Cedo ut, Grant that, let me : Plaut. 
— 4. As merely calling attention : 
Tell, let one hear : Cic. — 5. Cedodum, 
Here, then; out, then, with it: Ter. 

cedrus, i, /.=Ke'6po?. I. Prop. : 
Th e cedar- , jun iper-tree : PI. II. M e t- 
o n. : Oil of cedar : carmina fingi Posse 
linenda cedro, i.e. worthy of immortal- 
ity, Hor. : ccdro digna locutus, Pers. 
% Hence, Fr. cMre. 

Celadon, ontis, ra.,KeAaSc6i/(The 
one sounding like rushing water) : 1« 
A companion of Phineus. — 2. One of 
the Lapithai. 

Celaense, arran, /., KeXauai 
(Black). Celcence ; a town of Phrygia 
Major on the Mceander ; the scene of the 
contest between Apollo and Marsyas. — 
Hence, Celaen-aeus (-eus), a, um, 
adj. : 1. Prop. : Of, or pertaining to. 
Celcmce.—2. Me ton.: Of, or belong- 
ing to, Marsyas. 

Celseno, us, /., KeAcuvw (The 
Black One). Celeeno: 1. A daughter of 
Atlas, placed as one. of the Pleiades in 
the heavens. — 2.: a. Prop.: One of the 
Harpies. — b. Me ton.: An avaricious 
woman: Juv. 

cela-tor oris, m. [cel(a)-o] A con- 
cealer ,hider : Luc. 

cela-tum, i, n. [id.] (A concealed 
thing; hence) A secret: Plaut. 

celeber, bris, bre (masc. Celebris, 
Auct. Her.; Tac), adj. [etym. dub.; 
ace to some, a collateral form of 
creber; ace to others, akin to San- 
scrit root cru, whence Or. kXv-oo} 1,: 
a. Of places : (a) Much frequented or 
resorted to; crowded; populous, etc.: 
culti (sc. loci) an inculti, celebres an 
deserti, etc., Cic: convivium, Tac: 
forum, Cic. — (b) Abounding in : (Sup.) 
celeberrima fontibus Ide, Ov. — b. That 
exists in abundance, or happens often; 
frequent, numerous: verba, Ov. — 2.: 
a. Renowned, distinguished, celebrated, 
famous : sacro Diana? celebrisdie,Hor. : 
(Comp.) notitia celebrior, Gell. — b. 
That is celebrated or honoured by a great 
assembly ,procession, train, etc. ; solemn, 
festive: quos (sc. dies) in vita celeberr- 
imos videret, Cic. % Hence, Fr. cMbre. 

celeberrim-e, sup. adv. [celeber- 
rim-us] Very frequently : Suet. 

celebra-tio, onis, /. [celebr(a)-o] 
1. An assembling together in great 
numbers; a numerous assemblage, con- 
course: Cic— 2. The celebrating of a 
festival in great numbers; a festal 
celebration, a festival: Cic; PL — Z.An 
honouring, a commending, praising: 
PL ^ 1 Hence, Fr. cdUbration. 

celebra-tor, oris, m. [id.] He who 
extols, a celebrator: Mart. 

cel8bra-tus, a, um : 1, P. of cel- 
ebr(a)-o. — 2. Pa. : a. Customary, 
usual, ordinary, etc. : (Co n\p.) cekr 



Ijratior usus (sc. antilorum), PI. — b. 
(a) Frequented, resorted to, etc.: forum 
fferum vonalium totius regni maxime 
celebratum, Sail. — (b) Solemn, festive, 
fental j k«pt sacred, etc. : supplicatio, 
Liv.~ c« Known, well-known, common- 
ly spoken of, celebrated, famous, etc.: 
quid in Greece- sermone tarn tritum 
atque celebratum est, quam, etc. : 
(Sup.) scriptor celebratissimus, Gell. 

Celebris, e, v. celeber. 

celebr-iftas, atis,/. [celeber, cele- 
br-is] 1. A great number, multitude, 
large assembly, numerous concourse or 
gathering; a crowd: Cic. — 2. Fame, 
renown, celebrity: Cic. — 3. A festal 
celebration, a splendid pageant: Cic. 
f Hence, Pr. ciUbrM. 

celebr-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[id.] I. To resort or go to in great 
numbers or often; to frequent: a quibus 
domus nostra celebratur, Cic. II. To 
do frequently ox in multitudes ; to prac- 
tise, engage in, say, use, or employ 
repeatedly: ad eas artes celebrandas, 
Cic. : in aliis castris celebratum id 
genus mortis, i. e. was resorted to by 
many, Tac. — Particular phrase: 
Celebrare aliquid aliqua re, To do 
something frequently tvith something, 
to fill up xcith something: Cic. ; Ov. 
III. To go in great numbers to a cele- 
bration; hence, to celebrate, solemnize, 
keep a festal sacred, etc.: celebratote 
illos dies cum conjugibus ac liberis 
vestris, Cic. IV. : A. To honour, 
praise, celebrate a person or thing ; to 
celebrate in song ; to render famous, 
signalize, etc. : illius gravitatem . . . 
omnium mortalium fama celebrabit, 
Cic: virum aut heroa lyra, Hor. — B. 
Without the access, idea of extolling : 
To make something known ; to publish 
abroad, proclaim: rem, Cic: quibus 
in locis factum esse consulem Muraen- 
am nuntii literasque celebr&ssent, id. 
% Hence, Fr. cdldbrer. 

Celenna (-emna), as,/. Celenna 
or Celemna ; a town of Campania. 

1 . cel-er , ens, e, adj. [cel-lo] ( Urged 
on ; hence) I. Pro p. : Swift, feet, 
quick, speedy: (with Jnf.) cerva, Cat.: 
(with Inf.) celer excipere aprum, Hor. 
II. Fig.: A. In a good sense : Quick, 
rapid, etc. : (Comp.) mens, qua nihil 
est celerius, Cic: (Sup.) fata celerr- 
ima, Virg. — B. In a bad sense : Rash, 
hasty ', precipitate: consilia, Liv. : iambi, 

2. Celer, eris, m. [1. celer] Celer; 
a Roman name. 

celer -e, adv. [celer, celer -is] 
Quickly, speedily • Plaut. 

celer»i-pes, Mis, adj. [celer, celer- 
is; (i); pes] Swift-footed : Cic. 

celer-itas, atis,/. [celer, celer-is] 
I. Prop.: (The quality of the celer; 
hence) Swiftness, quickness, speed, celer- 
ity : navis incredibili celeritate, Cic 
£1. Fig.: Quickness, etc: animorum, 
Cic: (with Gerund in do) agendo et 
respondendo, id. *|[ Hence, Fr. c6Uritd. 

celSr-iter, adv. [id.] Quickly, 
speedily, immediately: Caas.: (Comp.) 
oelerias, Cic: (Sup.) eelerame, id. 

celSriusciii-e, adv. dim. [celer, 

through obsol. adj. celerluscul-us] 
Somewhat quickly : Auct. Her. 

celer-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. and 
n. [celer] I. Act. : To quicken, hasten, 
accelerate : A. . P r o p. : f ugam in silvas, 
Virg. B. Fig. : celerandae victorias 
intentior, Tac. II. Neut. : To hasten, 
make haste, be quick: circum celerant- 
ibus auris, Lucr. 

Celeus (trisyll.), ei, m., KeAeus 
(Instigator or Commander). Celeus ; a 
king of Eleusis , father of Triptolemus. 

celia, 82, f. [Span, word] Celia; a 
beer made in Spain : Flor. 

1. cel-la, as, /. [cel-o] (The con- 
cealing thing or hiding place; hence) 
1.: a. A granary for corn, fruits, etc.; 
a storehouse, etc.: Cic. — b. Of bees: 
A cell: Virg. — 2. Of small, simple 
dwellings or apartments of men : A 
chamber, room, closet, cabinet, hut, cot, 
etc: esp. for servants or slaves : Cic; 
Hor. — 3. The part of a temple in which 
the image of a god stood; the chapel: 
Cic; Liv. ^ Hence, Fr. (old) celle, 
(mod.) eel tier. 

2. Cella, se, m. [1. cella] Cella; a 
Roman name. 

cell-arlus, a, urn, adj. [id.] Of, 
or pertaining to, a store-room: sagina, 
Plaut. — As Subst.: cellarius, ii, m. 
(sc. homo) One who keeps provisions ; 
a steward, butler: Plaut. *j[ Hence, 
Fr. cellerier. 

cel-lo, ground form of celer, celox, 
celsus, etc. [akin to the Gr. root «eA, 
whence /<e'AAw] To impel, urge on. 

cell-iila, ee,/. dim. [cell -a] A small 
store-room or apartment : Ter. f 
Hence, Fr. cellule. 

Celinis, is, m., Ke'Ajiu<>. Celmis; one 
of the Dactyli or Coi^ybantes, priests of 
Cybele; for despising Jupiter, he was 
changed by the god into iron. 

eel-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. (Gen. 
Plur. Part, i^r/., celatum,Plaut.)[akin 
to Greek, /caA-uVr«] I. To hide, con- 
ceal, keep secret something from one : 
(Constructions: Aliquem aliquid: 
Pass, with aliquid: aliquem, alone; i.e. 
without the object that is, or is to be, 
concealed: Pass, alone; also, celatur 
aliquid alicui): non te celavi sermon- 
em, Cic: nosne hoc celatos tam diu? 
Ter. : non poteram celare meos velut 
ante parentes, Ov.: celabar, Cic: id 
Alcibiadi diutius celari non potuit, 
Nep. II.: A. Of things as objects: 
To conceal, hide, cover: sententiam, 
Cic: fontium origines, Hor. — B. Of 
living objects : To hide, conceal: pler- 
osque, Cass. : nee se celare tenebris 
Amplius . . . potuit, Virg. % Hence, 
Fr. c4Ur. 

cel-ox, ocis, adj. [cel-lo] (Impelled 
or urged along; hence) Swift, fleet, 
quick, rapid: operam eeloeem mini 
date, Plaut. — As Subst.: celox, ocis, 
/. (sc. navis or ratis) A swift-sailing 
ship; a cutter, a yacht: 1. Prop.: 
Plaut.; Liv.— 2. Fig.: a. Of a female 
confidante : Plaut.— b. Of a bellydis- 
tended by wine : Plaut. 

cels-e, adv. [1. cels-us] 1. Ilighly, 
on high: (Comp.) Celsius, Claud. — 2. 
Nobly : nati, Stat. 

1. cel-sus, a, nm, adj. [cel-lo] !< 
Prop. : Raised high, extending up- 
wards, high, lofty : humo excitatos (sc. 
homines), celsos, et erectos constituit 
(sc. dens), Cic: (Com}).) si celsior (sc. 
ibis), Ov. II. Fig.: A. In a good 
sense: 1. High, lofty, elevated, abovi 
that which is common, great : celsus et 
erectus et ea, quae homini accidere 
possunt, omnia parva ducens, Cic— 
2. Elevated in rank or station, noble^ 
eminent: (Sup.) celsissima sedes dign- 
itatis, Cic. — B. In a bad sense : Haugh- 
ty, proud : Cic ; Hor. 

2. Celsus, i, m. [1. celsus] A. 
Cornelius Celsus; the greatest of all the 
Roman physicians. 

Celtae, arum, m., KeArat. The 
Celts; the great parent-stock of the people 
in the north of Europe; among the 
Tlomans, in a more restricted sense, 
The inhabitants of Southern Gaul. — 
Hence, Celt-icus, a, um, adj. Celtic. 
% Hence, Fr. Celte ; and from adj. Celt- 

Celtlberi, orum, m., KeAri/Sijpe?. 
Celtiberians; a people in Central Spain, 
whose origin arose from a mingling of 
the Celts with the native-born Iberians. 
— Sing.: Celtiber, eri. A Celtiberian. 
— Hence, 1. Celtiber, era, erum, adj. 
Celtiberian.- 2. Celtiber-ia, se, /. 
The land of the Celtiberians, Celtiberia. 
— 3. Celtiber-Ieus, a, um, adj. 

cena, a?, v. ccena. 

Censeum, i, n., l\v)va2ov. Cenceum; 
a promontory of Euboza. — Hence, 
Cense =us, a, um, adj. Of, or belonging 
to, Cenceum. 

Cencbrese (-ree), arum,/., Ke*~ 
xpeai. Cenchrece, or Cenchrce ; one cf 
the three harbours of Corinth, on tlr* 
Saronic Gulf (now Kenkri). 

Cenchreis, Wis,/. Cenchreis; the 
wife of Cinyras, and mother of Myrrha. 

Cenimagni, orum, m. The Ceni- 
magni; a British people. 

Cenomani, orum, m., Kevofiavoi. 
The Cenomani; a Celtic people in Gallia 

1. censeo, ui, um, ere, 2. v. a. 
[etyni. dub.] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To 
count, reckon : expensa, Plaut. B. 
Esp.: (To count or reckon in order to 
determine the value ; to value, estimate, 
assess: hence, Tolit. t.t.: Of the Censor) 
To take an account of the names and 
property of Iloman citizens ; to estimate, 
enumerate: censores populi asvitates, 
suboles, familias, pecuniasque censen- 
to, Cic. — P articular phrases: 1 . 
Capite censi, The lowest, poorest class of 
citizens, whose persons only were taken 
into account: Script, ap. Gell. — 2. Esse 
censui censendo, To be a fit subject far 
the censor's lists: Cic — 3. Legem dicere 
censui censendo, To propose a law for 
renewing a census that had been inter- 
mitted : Liv. II. Fig.: To estimate 
the intrinsic value of athing, to value: 
si censenda nobis atque sestimanda 
res sit, utrum , etc. ,Cic-~P articular 
phrase: Censeri aliqua re, To fe 
valued or be in high estimation for some' 
th ing : Sen. ; Suet. III. M e t o n. : A/ 



To make, a return of property for 
assessment : in qua tribu ista prasdia 
censuisti? Cic— -B.: 1.: a. To be of 
opinion concerning a thing (after 
weighing all the circumstances), to 
judge of; to think, deem, hold, judge; 
to hold or value as; to think o/as pleas- 
ant or profitable : (with Objective 
clause) nullas insidias esse pertime- 
scendas, Cic. (with double Ace.) quid 
censes munera terras ? Hor. — b. As 
an expression of assent or opinion : 
That is my opinion; I think so; yes: 
rasibo, atque ibi manebo. Pa. Censeo, 
Te»,— -2. Polit. 1. 1.: a. Gen.: To assent 
to something in council, to vote for, to 
vote: captivos reddendos in senatu non 
censuit, Cic— b. Esp. : In reference 
to the decisions of the Senate : (a) 
To decree, resolve, ordain : quse Patres 
censuerunt, vos jubete, Liv. — (b) To 
vote to one : aram dementias, Tac. 

2. censeo (=succenseo), 2, v. n. 
To be angry: Var. 

censeor, us sum, eri, 2. v. dep.= 
1. censeo, no. III. A. To make a 
return of property for assessment: 
pertimuit quum te audisset servos 
suos esse censum, Cic: census equestr- 
em summara nummorum, Hor. 

cens-Io, onis, /. [1. cens-eo] I. 
Prop.: An estimating , taxing , assess- 
ing : Plaut. II. M e t o n. : The punish- 
ment, chastisement {of the censor) ; hence, 
in comedy : censio bubula, A scourg- 
ing, Plaut. 

cen-sor, oris, m. [for cens-sor ; fr. 
id.] I. Fro p.: A Roman censor.— The 
Censors (of whom there were two, chosen 
originally every 5 years and afterwards 
every 1 \ year) at first only had the charge 
of Uie Roman people and their property, 
in respect to their division according to 
rank or circmnstances ; but gradually 
came to the exercise of the office of super- 
intendents of morals and conduct, and 
punished the moral or political crimes 
of those of higher rank by consigning 
them to a lower order : Cic. ; Liv. II. 
Me ton.: A rigid judge of morals, a 
censurer, a critic : Cic. ; Hor. <f Hence, 
Fr. cense ur. 

cens5r-Ius, a, urn, adj. [censor] 
I. P r o p. : Of, or pertaining to, a censor, 
censorian : tabiilas, the lists of the 
censor, Cic: lex, a contract for leasing 
buildings, id.: also, for public revenues, 
id.: sometimes, also, the order, decision 
of the censor (concerning the divisions 
of the people, taxes, public buildings, 
etc.), id.: opus, a fault or crime, which 
was followed by punishment from the 
censor, id.: homo, one who had been 
censor, id. II. Fig.: Rigid, severe: 
gravitas, Cic. 

cen-sura, 83,/. [for cens-sura ; fr. 
1. cens-eo] 1. (An assessing; hence) 
The office of censor; censorship: Liv.; 
Cic— 2. (A judging; hence) a. Gen.: 
A judgment, opinion: vivo rum, Veil. 
— b. E sp.: A severe judgment, severity, 
censure: Treb. Gall, f Hence, Fr. 

1. qen-sus (for cens-sus), a, urn, 
P. of i. cens-eo and cens-eor. 

2. cen-sus, us,'m. [for cens-sus ; fr. 


cens-eo] I. Prop.: A registering and 
rating of Roman citizens, property, etc. ; 
a census : censu prohibere, to refuse one 
admittance into the lists of citizens, Cic. 
II. Me ton. : A. The register of the 
census, the censor's lists: Cic; Liv. — 
B. The registered property of Roman 
citizens : Suet. — C. Wealth, riches, 
property, possessions : Cic. ; Hor. 1f 
Hence, Fr. cens ; also cense, " a farm." 
centaureum (-Ion), i, n. = >cev- 
Tavpeiov and nevravpiov. Centaureum 
or Centaurion ; Centaury : Lucr. ; Virg. 
\ Hence, Fr. centauree. 

Centaur-eus, a, um, adj. [Cen- 
taurus] Pertaining to a Centaur ; of the 
Centaurs: rixa, Hor. 

Centaurus, i, m., Kevravpog 
(Bull-goader) : I. Prop. : A Centaur. 
The Centaurs were wild people in the 
mountains of Thessaly, who fought on 
horseback; ace to fable, monsters in 
Thessaly of a double form (the upper 
parts human, the lower those of a horse), 
sons of Ixion and of a cloud in the 
form of Juno: Cic; Virg.; Hor. II. 
Me ton. : The name of a ship (hence 
(sc. navis), fern.): magna, Virg. % 
Hence, Fr. centaure. 

cent-eni, se, a (with the poets and 
in post-class, prose also -us, a, um : 
Gen. Plur. centenum, PI.), num. dis- 
trib. adj. [cent-um] A hundred each, 
a hundred: Cic; Virg. 

cent-esifmus, a, um, num. ordin. 
adj. [cent-um] I. Prop.: The hund- 
redth: lux ab interitu Clodii, Cic. — As 
Subst.: centesima, a3, /. (sc. pars) 
The hundredth part of a thing : Cic; 
Tac. II. Me ton. : A hundredfold: 
frux, PI. % Hence, Fr. centime. 

Cent-I-cep-s, elpitis, adj. [for 
cent-i-capit-s ; fr. cent-um; (i); caput, 
capit-is] Hundred-headed : belua, i. e. 
Cerberus : Hor. 

cent-Ies, adv. [cent-um] A hund- 
red times : Ter. ; Cic 

cent-I-manus, a, um, adj. [cent- 
um; (i); nianus] Having a hundred 
hands: Ov. 
centiplex, v. centuplex. 
cento, onis, m. [Kivrpwvl I. 
Prop. : A rag; a rag -covering, patch- 
work, etc.: Cato ; Cass. — Pro v.: Cent- 
ones sarcire alicui, To patch rags for 
one, i. e. to impose upon by falsehoods : 
Plaut. II. Meton. : The title of a 
poem made up of various verses of 
another poem, a cento. *$ Hence, Fr. 
cent on. 

Centrones, um, m., Kevrpcoves. 
The Centrones ; a people of Gaul. 

centum, indecl. num. adj. [Sanscrit 
catan, Zend. 'sate?n, Gr. eKarov, Celt. 
cant, Goth, and Anglo-Sax. hund; 
whence Germ, hundert, Engl, and 
Danish hundred] I. Fro-p.: A. hund- 
red: centum dies, Cic. II. Meton.: 
For an indefinite, large number: cent- 
um clavibus servata, Hor. % Hence, 
Fr. cent. 

centum-ge-niinus, a, um, adj. 

[for centum-gen-minus ; fr. centum ; 

gen-o] A hundredfold ; Briareus, 


centum-pond-Ium (centup-), 

Ti, n. [centum ; pond-o] A w sight of 8 
hundred pounds ; Plaut. 

centum vlr-alis, e, adj. [centum- 
vir-i] Of, ox pertaining to, the centum' 
viri: judicium, Cic. *H Hence, Fr. 

centum-vlri, orum, m. plur. 
[centum ; vir] The Centumviri, or 
Centumvirs; a college, or bench, of 
judges chosen annually for civil suits, 
especially those relating to inheritances ; 
consisting of 105 (in the time of the 
emperors, of 180) persons: Cic. % 
Hence, Fr. centumvir. 

centun-ciilus, i, m. dim. [for 
centon -cuius ; fr. cento, centon-is] 1« 
P r o p. : Patchwork of small rags : Sen. 
II. Meton.: Plur.: A saddle-cloth 

cent-u-plex (cent-I-), fcis, adj. 
[for cent-u-plic-s ; fr. cent-um ; (u or 
i); plic-o] A hundred-fold: Plaut. 

centupondium, v. centumpond. 

cent-ttrla, as,/, [cent-um] (Prop.: 
That which . pertains to a hundred ; 
Meton.) A division, etc., of any kind : 
1. Milit. t. L: A division of troops; a 
century, company: Liv. — 2. Polit. 1. 1.: 
One of the 1U3 parts, info whicli Servius 
Tullius divided the Roman people ac- 
cording to their property; a century: 
Cic; Liv. % Hence, Fr. centurie. 

centurXa-tim, adv. [centuria, 
(uncontr. Gen.) centuria-i] By com- 
panies or centuries: Cic. 

1. centuria-tus, a, um, P. of 
1. centuri(a)-o. 

2. centiiria-tus, us, m. [1. cent- 
uri(a)-o] I. Prop.: A dividing or 
division into centuries: Liv. IE. Met- 
o n. : The office of centurion : Cic. 

1. centiirl-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [centuri-a] I. To divide into 
centuries: juventutem, Liv.: quod ad 
populum centuriatis comitiis tulit, 
Cic II. Of a law: Part. Perf. : 
Passed by centuries, i. e. in the Comitia 
Ce.nturia.ta: Cic. 

2. centuri-o, onis, m. [id.] (One 
having a century; hence) The com- 
mander of a century ; a centurion: Cass.; 
Liv. ; Cic ^[ Hence, Fr. centurion. 

centurlon-atus, us, m. [cent- 
urio, centurion- is] (A pertaining to a 
centurio ; hence) 1. The office of cent- 
urion : Val. Max. — 2. A review, recens- 
ion of centurions: Tac. 

Centuripae, arum,/. Centuripce; 
a very old town in Sicily, near JEtna 
(now Centorbi). — Hence, Centilrlp- 
Snus, a, um, adj. Of Centuripae. — As 
Subst.: Centuripini, orum, m. (sc. 
cives) The inhabitants of Centuripae. 

Ceos, i, v. Cea. 

cepa, as, v. caspa. 

Cephaloedis, is, /., Ke<f»aAotSts 
(One with a swollen head). Cephaloedis; 
a small fortified town of Sicily (now 
Cefali). — Hence, 1. CephaloBd-It« 
anus, a, um, adj. Of Cephaloedis.— 
As Subst.: Cephaloeditani, orum, 
m. (sc. cives) Tfte inhabitants of Cephal- 
oedis. — 2. Cephaloedlas, adis, adj. 
fern. Of Cephaloedia. 

Cephalus, i, m., Ke'^aAos (The 
| one with a large head). Cephalus; a 



son o/Deioneus or of Pandion; grand- 
son, of JEolus; husband of Procris, 
whom he unintentionally sliot with an 

2. C5phenes,um,7tt. TheCephenes; 
a people of Ethiopia {so called from their 
king, "Cepheus). 

Cepheus (dissyll.), ei (A cc. Ccphca, 
Ov. ),»*., K>)<£eus. Cepheus; a ting of 
Ethiopia, husband of Cassiope, father of 
Andromeda, and father -in-laio of Per- 
seus, finally placed with thesethreeamong 
the stars. — Hence, 1. Ceph-eius, a, 
nm, adj.: a. Prop.: Of Cepheus.-— b. 
Me to 11. : Ethiopian. — 2. Ceph-eus 
(trisyll.), a, una, adj. (Prop.: Of Ce- 
pfieus; Meton.) Ethiopian. — 3. Ceph- 
eis, idis, /. A daughter of Cepheus ; 
esp. Andromeda. % Hence, Fr. Ce- 

Ceplusus (-lsos, -issus), i, m., 
K^i'cros or K^^torcros. The Cephisus, 
Cephisos, or Cephissos: I.: A. Prop.: 
A river of Phocis and Boeotia. B. 
Meton.: Personified: A river-god, 
father of Narcissus. — Hence, 1. Ce= 
phis-ius (-sius), ii, m. One who 
belongs to Cephisus; a son of Cephisus; 
esp. Narcissus. — 2. Cephls-is(-sis), 
idis, adj. f. Of the Cephisus. II. A 
river on the west side of Athens, falling 
into the Saronic Gulf.- Hence, Ce- 
pbls-Ias (-sias), adis, adj. fern. Of 
the Cephisus. 

Cera, £e, /. [akin to tempos'] I. 
Prop.: Wax : Cic. ; Virg. II . M e t- 
on.: A. A writing tablet smeared over 
with wax : Cic— B. A seal of wax : 
Cic. — C. A wax figure or image of an 
ancestor, etc.: Sail. % Hence, Fr. cire, 

Cerambus, i, m., Kepap.j5os. Ce- 
rambus ; a mythic person, said to have 
been changed into a beetle, at the time 
of the Jlooct of Deucalion. 

Ceramlcus, i, m., liepap.eiKos 
(The potter's- ware market). Ceraml- 
cus; the name of two places, one icithin 
and the other witliout Athens; in the 
latter were the monuments and statues 
of heroes thai had fallen in war. 

cer-aria, ce, f. [cer-a] (One per- 
taining to cera; hence) A female mater 
of wax-ligh ts : Plant. 

cer-arram, ii, n. [id.] (A thing 
pertaining to a seal ; hence) A fee for 
affixing a seal: Cic. 

Cerastae, arum, m., Kepacrrai 
(The horned ones). The Cerastce ; a 
horned people in Cyprus, changed by 
Venus into bullocks. 

cerasns,i,/. = «:epao-o<?: I. Prop.: 
The cherry-tree {brought by Lucullus 
from Cei-asus in Pontus,to Italy): Var.; 
Ov. II. Meton.: A cherry: Prop. 
«f Hence, Fr. cerise. 

eeraunlas, a, nm, adj. — Kepavvios. 
Pertaining to thunder or lightning: Ce- 
raitnii Montes, The Ceraunian Mount- 
ains; a mountain-ridge in Epirus, on 
the borders of Grecian Illyria (now 
Monti delta Chimoera). — As Subst. : 1. 
Ceramiii, orum, m. (sc. montes), 
The Ceraunian Mountains : Ca)s.—2. 
Ceraunia, drum, n. (sc. saxa) The 
Ceraunian Mountains. 

Ceraanus,i,«i. = Ke'pavi>os(Thun- 
der or lightning) . Ceraun us — Ceraunii 
montes : Prop. 

Cerberus, i, m., Ke'p/3epo?. Cerbe- 
rus ; the three-headed dog of Pluto, that 
guarded the entrance of the Lower 
World.— Hence, Cerber-ens, a,um, 
adj. Of, or 2>ertaining to, Cerberus. 
% Hence, Fr. Cerbere. 

Cerclna, ec,/., Kepjava. Cercina; 
an island on the coast of Africa, near 
the small Syrt (now Kerkein). — Hence, 
Cerein-ates, nun, m. The inhabit- 
ants of Cercina. 

cercopithecus, i, m. — KepKoni- 
By/cos. The cercopithecus; a species of 
long-tailed ape, to which divine honours 
were paid by the Egyptians: Juv. 

cercops, opis, m. — tcepicwxl/: (Prop.: 
A species of long-tailed ape; Meton. : 
Plur.) A cunning, trickish people on the 
island of Pithecusa, changed by Jupiter 
into monkeys : Ov. 

cerciirus (-yr~ 7 s), i, m. — KepK- 
oupo?. A cercurus : (. P r o p. : A kind 
of light sailing-vessel peculiar to the 
Cyprians: Liv. II. Meton.: A species 
of sea -fish : Ov. 

Cercyo, onis (Ace. Gr. Cercyona, 
Stat.), m., KepKvwv. Cercyo ; a noted 
robber in Attica, conquered and slain 
by Theseus at Eleusis. — Hence, Cerc- 
yon-eus, a, urn, adj. Pertaining to 

cerdo, onis, m.—KepSuv [xepSos] 
(One pertaining to gain), A handi- 
craftsman, labourer, etc.: Juv. 

Cere-alis (Ceri-), e, adj. Lfor 
Cerer-alis ; fr. Ceres, Cerer-is] I. 
Prop.: Per la in ing to Ceres. — As Subst. : 
Cerealia, ium, n. The festival of 
Ceres, celebrated on the 10th of April. 
II. Meton.: Pertaining to the cultiva- 
tion of land, to grain, or to agriculture : 
arma, Virg. % Hence, Fr. cereale; 
also, Cereal es. 

cerebr-osus, a, ran, adj. [cerebr- 
um, cerebr-i] (Having much cerebrum; 
hence) Hare-brained, hot-brained, pas- 
sion ate: Plant.; Hor. 

cer-ebrum, i, n. [akin to Gr. 
tedp-a] (That which is carried in the 
/lead or skull ; hence) I. P r o p. : The 
brain : sparso infecta (sc. arma) cere- 
bro, Virg. II. Fig.: A. Understand- 
ing : putidius multo cerebrum est, 
Hor. — B. Anger, choler: Plaut.; Hor. 

ceremonia, se, v. casrimonia. 

Cer-es, eris,/. [Sans. rootKRi, "to 
cultivate," and "so, The Cultivator;— 
or cri (i. e. The Ripener ; fr. root 
cra, "to ripen"), Vishnu's wife, the 
goddess of plenty, etc.] I. Prop.: 
Ceres ; the daughter of Saturn and Ops ; 
mother of Proserpine ; goddess of agri- 
culture. II. Meton.: Food, bread, 
corn, etc.: Hor. 

cer-eus, a, um, adj. [cer-a] (Of, or 
pertaining to, cera ; hence) I. Prop.: 
Waxen, of wax: nihil cereum, Cic: 
castra, cells of wax, honey-comb, Virg. 
— As Subst.: cereus, i, m. (sc. funis), 
A wax- light, wax-taper : Cic. II. M e t- 
on.: A. Wax-coloured: pr una, Virg. 
— B. Pliant, soft, like wax: brachia 
Telephi, Hor. : ace. to some = no. A.: 

i. e. white. III. Fig.: Easily moved or 

persuaded ; pliable ; cereus in vitiura 
flecti, Hor. 

cer-inus, a, um, adj. — ktjpivos. 
Wax-coloured, yellow like wax: prun«i > 
PI. — As Subst. : cerixmm, i, n. (s<.% 
vestimentum). A wax-coloured gar- 
ment: Plaut. 

cer-no, crevi, cretum, cernere 
(Perf. Part. cretus,Liv.), 3. v. a. [root 
CRi<;, akin to Sanscrit rootKRt, Gr. Kpi- 
vm, to separate] I. Prop.: To separate, 
sift: in cribris omnia cerne cavis, Ov. 
II. Fig.: (To separate or sift by the 
senses ; hence) A. To perceive, discern, 
see whether by the eye or by the mind: 
ut ea cernere oculis videamini, Cic. : 
(loithout Object) cur in amicorum vitiis 
tam ccrnis acutum ? Hor. — Part- 
icular phrases: 1. Cerni aliqua 
re or in aliqua re, To become disting- 
uished or known in something: Cic. — 
2. Cernere aliquem, To look up to, 
have respect to, regard any one: Cic. — 
B. Of intellectual objects: To perceive, 
comprehend, understand : quicquid 
animo cernimus, Cic.— C: 1. Act.: 
To decide something contested or 
doubtful; to decree, determine: quot- 
cunque senatus creverit, populusque 
jusserit, tot sunto, Cic. — 2. Neut. : 
To decide by contending or fighting ; 
to contend, fight : ferro, Virg. : (with 
cognate Ace.) certamen, Plaut. — D. 
To decide for something ; to conclude 
upon, resolve: potiusgermanum amitt- 
ere crevi, Cat. — E. Law 1. 1.: To enter 
upon an inheritance : Cic. 

cer-nu-us, a, um, adj. [cer =«ap-a; 
cf . cervix, cerebrum ; nu-o, " to in- 
cline"] Inclining the head ; bending or 
stooping with one's head to the ground: 
incmnbit cernuus, Virg. 

cer-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. [cer-a] 
To cover or overlay with wax ; to wax : 
cerata tabella, Cic. «([ Hence, Fr. cirer. 

ceroma, atis, n. = Krjpa>p.a : I. 
Prop.: An unguent for icrestlers : 
Juv. II. Meton. : A. A place for 
wrestling: Sen.; PI. B. The ring, the 
combat: Mart. 

cer onaaticus, a, um, adj. — /o;p«- 
fxa.TiK.6s. Smeared over with wax oint- 
ment: collum, Juv. Tf Hence, Fr. 

cerr-Itus, a, nm, adj. [contr. from 
cerebr-Itus, from cerebr-um] (Having 
a crazed brain ; hence) Frantic, mad : 
Plaut.; Hor. 

certa-men, inis, n. [2. cert(a)-o] 
( That which contends ; hence) I . P r o p. : 
A. Gen. : A contest, contention, strug- 
gle, etc.: Cic; Ov.; Suet. B.Esp.:ln 
military matters : Strife ; a battle, en- 
gagement, contest, fight, combat: Sail.; 
Cees.; Liv. — Particular phrase: 
Certamina ponere, To order or arrange 
a fight or contest : Virg. II. Fig.: A 
contest: honoris et gloria?, Cic: eloqu- 
ential inter juvenes, Quint. III. Met- 
on.: War: Just.; Flor. 

certa-tim, adv. [id.] (By a con- 
tending ; hence) Emulously, in an 
emulous manner, earnestly, ea>y.rly, 
vying with another, etc: Cic; Virg.: 



eerta-tio, onis,/. [id.] A contend- 
ing, striving, struggling ; a combat, strife, 
contest, etc.: I. Prop.: corporum, 
Cic. II, Fig.: certatio mulct», a 
public discussion concerning a punish- 
ment to be inflicted : Liv. 

cert-e, adv. [cert-us] 1. Affirming 
Strongly : With certainty, certainly, 
undoubtedly, assuredly, surely, really: 
certe illud eveniet, Cic: (Comp.) amitt- 
ere certius, Ov. — 2. Affirming with 
restriction : Yet surely, yet indeed, at 
least, notwithstanding : certe quidem 
vos estis Romani, Liv. Tf Hence, 
Fr. certes. 

1. cert-O, adv. [id.] With certainty, 
certainly, surely of a truth, in fact, 
really: certo scio, lam fully persuaded, 
I am convinced beyond all doubt, Cic. 
—In affirmative answers : Me. Lib- 
erum ego te jussi abire ? Mes. Certo, 
yes, certainly, Plaut. 

2. cer-to, avi, atum, are, l.v.n. 
and a. intens, [for cem-to ; fr. cern-o] 
(To decide something by contest, etc.; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. Neut.: To fight, 
struggle, contend, combat: armis cum 
hoste certare, Cic: (Impers. Pass.) 
aliquamdin certatum, Sail. — B. Act.: 
To contend, fight, etc., for some object : 
certatam lite Deorum Ambraciam, 
i. e. for the possession of which Apollo, 
Diana, and Hercules contended, Ov. 
II. Fig.: A. Gen.: To contend, 
struggle, strive, emulate, vie with : cum 
aliquo dicacitate, Cic: solus tibi {with, 
i. e. against) certat Amyntas, Virg. 
B. Bsp.: 1. Neut.: To contend at 
law: inter se, Cic — 2. Act.: To con- 
tend at law about a thing : res certa- 
bitur olim, Hor. III. M e ton.: To 
strive, labour, endeavour, struggle 
earnestly, exert one's self to do, etc., 
something: "With Inf.: Phcebum super- 
are canendo, Yirg. 

cer-tus, a, um. I. P. of cer(n)-o. 
II. Pa.: A.: 1. Of things: Determined, 
resolved, fixed, decided, settled, etc.: 
ad eum senem oppugnare certum est 
consilium, Plaut.: (Comp.) ml autem 
abjurare certius est, quam, etc., Cic. — 
Particular phrase: Certum est 
mihi, etc., It is my (etc.) resolve, deter- 
mination, fixed purpose, etc: Plaut. — 
2. Of persons or things personified : 
Determined to do, resolved upon doing : 
certa mori, Virg. : (with Gen. ) relinqu- 
endae vitse, Tac B.: 1. Prop.: a. 
Established, settled, fixed : sunt certi 
denique fines, Quos ultra citraque 
nequit consistere rectum, Hor. — b. 
Certain, sure, unerring, to be depended 
upon, true, faithful, etc.: animus, 
Cic. : Apollo , Hor. — Particular 
phrase : Certum aliquid habere, 
To hold something as certain, to be per- 
suaded of something: Cic; Liv. — As 
Subst.: certum, i, n. Something cer- 
tain, a certainty: Ca?s.; Liv.; Tac — 
Particular phrases: (a)Certum 
scire or habere, To know or hold as a 
certainty: Ter.; Cic; Quint.-— (b) Pro 
certo, As a certainty: Cic; Liv. — (c) 
Certum or certius faccre alicui, To 
give certainty to one concerning any 
thing : Plaut,— c. Of the person who 

is made certain in reference to a thing : 
Certain, sure, positive, etc: (Comp.) 
num quid nunc es certior, Plaut.: 
(with Gen. ) exitii, Tac — P articular 
phrases: (a) Certiorem facere ali- 
quem, To inform or apprise one: 
Plaut.; Cses.; Cic— (b) Certum ali- 
quem facere = certiorem aliquem fac- 
ere, To inform ox apprise one: Plaut.; 
Virg.; Ov.— (c) Certior fieri, To be 
informed or apprised : Cass.; Cic— 2. 
Met on.: Certain, i.e. some one, pecul- 
iar, definite, etc : Cephalcedi mensis 
est certus, quo mense sacerdotem 
maximum creari oporteat, Cic. 

cer-iila, se, f. dim. [cer-a] A 
small piece of wax: miniata, a kind 
of crayon : Cic. 

cerussa, ee,/. Wliite-lead, ceruse; 
used in painting and medicine ; also 
as a cosmetic, and as a poison : Ov. 
^[ Hence, Fr. cdruse. 

ceruss-atus, a,,um, adj. [ceruss-a] 
(Provided with cerussa ; hence) Colour- 
ed or painted with white-lead: buccas, 

cer-va, a?,/, [akin to Kep-as] (The 
horned one; hence) I. Prop. A hind: 
Ov. II. Me ton.: A deer: Hor.; Ov. 
cervlc-al, alis, n. [cervix, cervic- 
is] (A thing pertaining to the cervix ; 
hence) A pillow or bolster : Juv. ; Suet. 
cervic-ula, se, /. dim. [id.] A 
small neck: Cic. 

cerv-inus, a, um, adj. [cerv-us] 
Of, or pertaining to, a deer: pellis, 
Hor. : senectus, i. e. great age (because 
the deer is said to be very long-lived), 

cer-vix, icis (Gen. Plur. cervicnm, 
Cic.) /. [for cer-veh-s ; fr. ndp-a. 
"head" (see cerebrum): veh-o] (The 
head-carrying thing ; hence) I. Prop.: 
The neck, including the back of the 
neck : cui plurima cervix, Virg : ut 
gladius impenderet illius beati cervic- 
ibus, Cic. II. Fig.: For Obstinacy, 
boldness: qui erunt tantis cervicibus 
recupcratores, qui audeant, etc., Cic 
III. M e t o n. : Of things : The neck : 
amphora?, Mart. 

cer-vus, i, m. [akin to Kep-as, 
cornu] (The horned one; hence) I. 
Prop.: A stag, a deer: fugax, Hor. 
II. Me ton. : Plur.: Forked stakes 
used as a protection against the enemy: 
a chevaux-de-frise : Cass.; Liv. ^[ 
Hence, Fr. cerf. 
cespes, itis, v. casspes, 
cessa-tlo, "onis, /. [cess(a)-o] 1. 
A tarrying, delaying: Plaut. — 2. An 
idling, idleness, inactivity : Cic. — 3. A 
cessation : Gell. ^f Hence, Fr. cessation. 
cessa-tor, oris, m. [id.] A loiterer, 
an idler, a dilatory person: Cic; Hor. 
ces-sio, onis, /. [for ced-sio ; fr. 
ced-o] A giving vp, surrendering, ces- 
sion : Cic ^[ Hence, Fr. cession. 

ces-so, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
intens. [for ced-so ; fr. ced-o] (To stand 
back much; hence) I, Prop.: A. 
Gen.: To be remiss in any thing ; to 
delay, loiter; to cease, stop, give over, 
leave of, etc : si tabellarii non cessa- 
rint, Cic : mori, Hor. — Formula of 
admoniti^r rfc.; Quid cessas? Wliy do 

you delay? etc: Ter. B. Esp.: 1, 
Of living beings : To be inactive, idle x 
at leisure, to do nothing : cur tam 
multos deos nihil agere et cessare 
patitur? Cic: (Impers. Pass.) ad 
strepitum citharas cessatum ducere 
curam, Hor.— P a r t i c u 1 a r p h r a s e : 
Cessare alicui rei, To have leisure for 
something, i. e. to be able to attend to it: 
Prop.; Liv.— 2. Of things: To be at 
rest, to rest; to be still, idle, inactive, 
unemployed, or unused, etc. : cur Bere- 
cyntias Cessant flamina tibiae, Hor. — 
3. Of land : To lie uncultivated or 
fallow: alternis idem tonsas cessare 
no vales . . . patiere, Virg. — 4. Not to 
be at hand or present, to be wanting: 
cessat voluntas? Hor,— 5. Law 1. 1. : 
Of persons : Not to appear before a 
tribunal, to suffer judgment to go by 
default: Suet. II. Fig.: In a moral 
sense : To depart from the right way, 
i. e. to mistake, err: ut scriptor si 
peccat . . . Sic mihi qui multum ces- 
sat, Hor. % Hence, Fr. cesser. 

ces-sor, satussum, sari, 1. v. dep. 
[for ced-sor ; fr. ced-o] Of land : To 
lie uncultivated or fallow : cessatis in 
arvis, Ov. 

cestrosphendSne^ es/^Kecrrpo- 
cr^ei^oi^. The testrosphen done; a mili- 
tary engine for hurling stones: Liv. 
cestus, i, v. caestus. 
cet-arium, ii, n. [cet-us] (A thing 
pertaining to cetus; hence) A salt- 
water fish -pond : Hor. 

eet-arms, ii, m. [id.] (One per- 
taining to cetus ; hence) A fishmonger, 
a dealer in sea-fish : Ter. 
cete, v. cetus. 

cetera, adv. [Adverbial Neut, 
Plur. Ace of ceterus] As for the rest^ 
otherwise: cetera laetus, Hor.: cetera 
recte, Cic: cetera parce puer bello, 

cetero-qui (-quin), adv. [ceterus, 
(luuontr. Gen.) cetero-i ; qui] For the 
rest, in other respects, otherwise : Cic. 

ceterum, adv. [Adverbial Neut. 
Ace Sing, of ceterus] I. Prop.: A. 
For the rest, in other respects, other- 
wise: Cic. — B. In passing to a new 
thought : Besides, for the rest: Cic. 
II. M e t o n. : With a restrictive force : 
But, yet, notwithstanding, still, contrari- 
wise, on the other hand: Liv. 

c-eterus, a, um (the Norn. Sing. 
Masc. not in use ; the Sing., in general, 
rare), adj. [prps. from the particle ce 
and a pron., corresponding to the 
Sanscrit pron. itara, " the other ; " Gr. 
eVepo?] 1. Sing.: The other; the rest 
or remainder of any thing, person, 
etc.: si vestem et ceterum ornatum 
muliebrem pretii majorishabeat, Cic- 
violentior cetero mari Oceanus, Tac 
— Particular phrases: a. L>e 
cetero, As for the rest: Cic — b. In 
ceterum, For the rest: Sen. — 2. Plur.: 
The rest of any persons or things ; the 
other or others : ceterarum rerum prud- 
ens,etc., Cic— Particular phrase: 
Eo cetera or cetera, And as to the rest, 
or and so forth : Cic. 
Cetliegus. Cethegus; a Romm 



cetos, i, v. cetus. 

cetra (C8e-),ae,y. [pro's, a Spanish 
word] A cetra; a short Spanish shield 
or buckler: Li v.; Virg. 

cetr-atus, a, um, adj. [cetr-a] 
Provided or armed with a cetra, shield- 
bearing: cohors, Cass. — As Subst. : 
cetrati, orum, m. (sc. milites) Troops 
armed with a cetra ; buckler-bearers ; 

cette, v. 2. cedo. 

cetus, i, m. (ace. toGr.,e§tos,«., 
PI.:— Plur.: cete, Virg.:— Dat. Plur.: 
oetis, PI. = /ctJtos : Any large sea-animal; 
a sea-monster; particularly, a species 
of whale ; a shark, dog-fish, seal, dolphin, 
etc.: Plaut.; Cels. 

C3»u, adv. [contracted and apocop- 
ated f r. ce ; ve] 1 . : a. As, like as, 
just as: tenuis fugit ceu fumus in 
auras, Virg. — 2. As if, as it were, like 
as if, etc. : per aperta volans, ceu liber 
habenis, JEquora, Virg. 

Ceyx, ycis (Ace. Gr. Ceyca, Ov.), 
m., Kr)v$ (Sea-gull). Ceyx; a son of 
Lucifer, king of Trachis, husband of 
Alcyone. He and his wife were changed 
■into kingfishers. 

Chabrlas, se, m., Xapptas. Cha- 
brias; a distinguished Athenian gen- 

Cheeron§a, a3, /., Xaupdoveia. 
Chceronea ; a Boeotian town where Philip 
of Macedon conquered the Greeks (now 

ChalcedSn (-chedon), onis (Ace. 
Gr. Chalcedona, Luc. ; Claud.), /., 
Xa\K7]^u)i/. Chalcedon; a town on the 
Thracian Bosporus, opposite to Byzant- 
ium. — Hence, Chalcedonms, a, 
urn, adj. Chalcedonian. 

Chalcicec5s, i, m. = XaA/aWo? 
(Bronze-house), (with the Greeks, an 
epithet of Athene, from ber temple of 
bronze ; with the Romans) A temple 
of Minerva. 

Chalclope, es,/., XaXKiovq (The 
one with a bronze-face). Chalciope; 
a daughter of JEetes, sister of Medea, 
and wife of Phrixus. 

Chalcis, Wis (Gen. Gr. Chalcidos, 
Luc: — Ace. Gr. Chalcida, id.),/., 
XaA/cc? (prob. Copper-city ; a name 
obtained from the neighbouring cop- 
per-mines). Chalcis; the chief town of 
the island Euboea. — Hence, Chalcid- 
tcus, a, um, adj. : 1. Prop. : Of 
Chalcis, Chalcidian : versus, i. e. of 
Euphorion (who was anative of Chalcis) , 
Virg. — 2. Meton.: Since Cuma3 was 
a colony of Chalcis: Cumceau: arx, 
Ournce, Virg. 

Chaldsei, orum (Gen. Plur. Chald- 
seum, Lucr.), m., XaXSaloi. The 
Chaldceans; a people of Assyria, di- 
stinguished, in early times, for their 
knowledge of astronomy and astrology. 
—Hence, Chald-aeus (-aicus), a, 
i#n, adj. Chaldcean. 

chalyb-eius, a, um, adj. [xaAv^, 
XaAu/8-09] Of steel, steel-: Ov. 

Chalybcs, um, m., XaAu/3e<r. The 
Chalybes ; a people of Pontus, noted for 
their preparation of steel [hence the 
name ; bat ace. to others, steel, xaAv\|/, 
was named front ttfem], 

chalybs, ybis, m. = xd\v\f/. I. 
Prop.: Steel: vulnificus, Virg. II. 
Meton.: Of things made of steel : A. 
A sword : strictus, Sen. — B. A horse's 
bit : Luc. — C. The point of an arrow : 

chane (»nne), es, /. = y6.w\ or 
xdwr\ (The gaper or wide-mouthed 
one). The chane or channe; a species of 
sea-fish: Ov. «fi Hence, Fr. channe. 

Chaon, onis, m. Chaon ; a Trojan, 
the brother of Helenas, and founder of 
the Chaonian nation. — Hence, Chaon- 
es, um (Ace. Gr. Chaonas, Claud.), 
m. The Chaones or Chaonians, i. e. the 
people of Chaon ; a nation in the north- 
west part of Epirus. — Hence, 1 . Cha- 
on=Ius, a, um, adj.'. a. Prop.: 
Chaonian. — As Subst.: Chaon-ia, as, 
f. (sc. terra) Chaonia. — b, Meton.: 
Dodonean.—2. Cha6n-is, idis,/. adj. 
(Prop.: Chaonian; Meton.) Pertaining 
to Dodona, Dodonean. 

Chaos, Abl. Chao (other cases were 
not used in the class, age), n.—xdo? 
(A yawning gulf): 1.: a. Prop.: The 
boundless, empty space, as the king- 
dom of darkness; the Lower World: 
ingens, Ov. — b. Meton.: Personified : 
Chaos (or Infinite Space): Virg. — 2. 
The confused, formless, primitive mass 
out of which the universe was made; 
chaos : Ov. <§ Hence, Fr. chaos. 

char a, as./., Chara; a plant, now 
unknown : prps wild cabbage: Cass. 

Charaxus, i, m. (Furrower or 
plongher) Charaxus: 1. One of the 
Lapithm. — 2. A brother of Sappho : Ov. 
Chares, etis, m., Xdpr,<s (The one 
rejoicing). Chares: 1. A native of 
Lindos in Rhodes, a celebrated statuary. 
— 2. An Athenian general. 

Chariclo, us./. Chariclo, wife of 
the Centaur Chiron. 

charistJa, orum, n. = x a P i - a " Tia 
(The feast of good- will or favour). 
The charislia; a family banquet, at 
which family feuds were settled : Ov. 

Charltes, um (Dat. Plur. Gr. 
Charisin = Xdpiaiv, Prop.), /., Xdp- 
tre?. The Charites or Graces, usually 
three : Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia. 
Charon, ontis, m., Xdpcov (The 
one having x«pa, or joy) : 1. Charon ; 
the ferryman of the Styx (supposed to be 
so called from his bright flashing eyes). 
— 2. A distinguished Theban. 

Charondas, se, m., XdpcouSas (The 
son of Charon). Charondas; a law- 
giver of Catana. 

charta, se,f.=bxdpTns: I. Prop.: 
A leaf of the Egyptian papyrus ; paper: 
dentata, smoothed, Cic. II. Meton.: 
A. That which is written upon paper; 
a writing, letter, poem, etc.: Cic; Hor. 
— B. A thin leaf, plate, lamina, tablet: 
plumbea, Suet. % Hence, Fr. charte, 

ehart-iila, se,f. dim. [chart-a] A 
little paper, a small writing: Cic ^[ 
Hence, Fr. cartel. 

CharybdXs, is (Ace. : Charybdin, 
Hor.; 07.; Cic.:Charybdim,id.— ylW.: 
Charybdi, Hor.; Juv.), /., XdpvpSts. 
Charybdis: I, Prop.: A dangerous 
whirlpool between Italy and Sicily op- 

posite to Scylla. IL Fig.: Of any thing 
dangerous or destructive : quanta lab- 
oras in Charybdi, Hor. 

Chasuarii, drum, m. The Chasu- 
arii; a German people. 

Chatti (Cat-), orum, m. The 
Chatti or Catti ; a German people in the 
present Hesse and Thuringia. 

Chauci (-ehi), orum, m. The 
Chauci or Chauchi; a people of Lower 
Germany; divided into Majores and 
Mi n ores. 

Chelae, arum,/. =v^Aat. Astron. 
t. t. (Prop. The arms of Scorpio ; 
since these extend into Libra, Meton.) 
The constellation Libra : Virg. 

chelydrus, i, m. — xe'AuSpo?. A 
serpent living, for the most part, in 
water; a water-snake : Virg.; Sil. 

chelys, Ace. chelyn, Voc. chely 
(other cases apparently not in use),/. 
=X e ^ u ? (Prop.: A tortoise; Meton.) A 
lyre or harp made of the shell of the 
tortoise : Ov. ; Stat. 

Cherronesus (Cherson-), i,/., 
Xeppovrjo-os or Xep<j6ur)cro<; (a penin- 
sula). Cherronesus or Chersonesus : 1, 
The Thracian Chersonese or peninsula 
west of the Hellespont. — Hence, Cherr» 
on«enses (Cherson»), mm, ?». The 
inhabitants of the Chersonese. — 2. 
Cherronesus Taurica, The Tauric 
Chersonese or Crimea. 

Cherusci, orum, m. TheCherusci; 
a German people on the south side of the 
llartz Mountains; (but far more freq. 
in a wider sense) the combined German 
tribes, which became distinguished by 
their war with the Romans, living on 
both sides of the Weser and Lippe. 

ehMarehus, i (-a, se, Curt.), m. 
=X t ^ ta 'px T )? '• 1- A commander of 1900 
soldiers or marines ; a chiliarch : Curt.; 
Tac. — 2. Among the Persians: The 
highest officer of state next to the king; 
the vizier : Nep. 

CMnuera, as,/., Xi^atpa (a goat). 
The Chimwra: 1. A fabulous monster 
in Lycia, which vomited forth fire (in 
front a lion, in the hinder part a dragon, 
and in the middle a goat), slain by 
Bellerophon- — 2. The name of one of the 
ships of JEneas: Virg. % Hence, Fr. 

Chimaer-I-fgr-a, se, f. adj. 
[Chinuer-a; (i); fer-o] Chimcera-bear- 
ing ; that produced the Chimcera : Lycia, 

CMone, as,f.,Xi6vri (The one with 
Xidiv ; Snow-maiden). Chione: 1. A 
daughter of Dcedalion ; mother of Au- 
tolycus, and of the musician Philam- 
mon ; shot by Diana. — 2 . The mother of 
Eumolpus. — Hence, Chion-ides, as, 
m. A son of Chione, i. e. Eumolpus : 

Chios (Chlus, ii,/., Xi'os. Chios 
or Chius; an island in the ^Egean Sea, 
on the coast of Ionia, famous for its 
wine and marble (now Scio). — Hence, 
Chi-us, a, um, adj. Of Chios, Chian, 
—AsSubst.: 1. Chimn, i, n. ( 
nm) Chian xoine: Hor. — 2. Chia, se, 
f. (sc. ficus) A Chian fig: Mart.— 3« 
Chii, orum, in. (sc. ineolas) The in* 
Jiaoitants of Chios. 



cMragra (che^>),n?.,/.==x et P a 'YP a ' I 
Gout in the hand: Hor.; Mart, ^f 
Hence, Fr. chiragre. 

cMrographum, i, n. = xeipdypa</>- 
ot\ I. Prop.: One's own handwriting, 
autograph: Cic II. Met on.: A. 
That which is written with one's own 
hand, one's own writing or manuscript : 
Cic. — B. Mercantile, t . t. : A bond, 
surety, or obligation under one's own 
hand : Suet. 

Chiron, onis (Act. Gr. Chirona, 
Ov.), m., Xecpwf (The one with a 
large hand). Chiron: I. Prop.: A 
Centaur distinguished by his knowledge 
of plants, medicine, and divination ; &on 
of Saturn and Phillyra: the tutor of 
JEsculapius, Hercules, and Achilles; 
placed among the constellations. II. 
Met on.: As a constellation: Luc. 

chlronomos, i,com. m. -on, ontis 
(also Gr. untis), in., xeipoi/djixos or 
XeipouofjL(av (Hand-manager). One who 
makes proper motions with his hands, 
or gesticulates correctly : Juv. % Hence, 
Fr. chironome. 

chirurgla, «e, /. = x"P 0U PY ia 
(Hand- working). I. Prop.: Chirurg- 
ery, surgery : Cels. II, F i g. : A severe 
or violent remedy : Cic. If Hence, Fr. 

chlrnrgus, i, m. = x«povpyd? 
(Hand - worker). A surgeon: Cels.; 
Mart, ^f Hence, Fr. chirurgien. 

Chius, a, urn, v. Chios. 

chlanr^d-atus, a, um, adj. [chla- 
mys, chlamyd-is] Provided xcith, or 
dressed in, a militaiy cloak : imperator, 

chl&mys, ydis, /. = x^wvs. A 
broad, woollen upper garment (worn 
in Greece), sometimes purple and in- 
wrought with gold (tcorn esp. by di- 
stinguisfied military men) ; a Greek 
military cloak, a state mantle : Auct. 
Her. ; Virg. ; Ov. ; Hor. 

Chllde, es, /., \\18-q (Softness, 
Voluptuousness). Chlide; a Greek wo- 
man' s name. 

Chloe, es,/., X\6y\ (A green shoot). 
Qiloe ; a Greek woman's name. 

Chlorls, Mis, /., x^^pi? (The 
verdant one). Chloris ; the goddess of 

ChSaspes, is, m., Xoacrn-ij? [orig. 
Persian, probably meaning " Good 
Water"], The Choaspes: 1. A river 
in Susiana, celebrated for its pure water, 
with which the Persian kings were sup- 
plied for their drinking (now Karun, 
Kerrah or Kara-su). — 2. A river in 
India (now Kabul; ace. to others, 

Chcerfl-as, i, m. t Xoipt'Aos (Little 
pig). Chcerilus ; a wretched Greek 

choraglnm, ft, n. = x°p>moi/ ; 
Doric, x°P^y i0U ( a thing pertaining 
to a x°p??y6s) I. Prop. : The pre- 

?aring and bringing out of a chorus : 
'laut. II. F i g. : A preparation , etc. : 
gloriee, means of acquiring, -Auct. Her. 
eh&ragus, i, m.=x°Pvyo^ ; Boric, 
vopayds (chorus-leader). Thechoragus: 
I. P ro p. : lie tvho had the care of the 
chorus, and the supplies necessary for 

it: Plant. II. Met on.: He who de- 
frays the expenses of a banquet : Poet, 
ap. Suet. 

choraules, se (Ace. choraulcm, 
PI.: choraulam, Suet.), m. = x°P a ^^V^ 
(chorus-fluteplayer). He who accom- 
panies with a flute the chorus-dance: 

chorda, a?,/. =xopS>J : I. Prop.: 
A string or chord of a musical instru- 
ment, n. Me ton. : A rope, cord: 
Plant, ^f Hence, Fr. corde. 

chorea, oe,/. - xopeta (a thing per- 
taining to a xopos). A danee in a ring; 
a dance : Lucr. ; Hor. ; Virg. 

chSrens (-ins), i, m. — xopeTo? 
(sc. itovs) (chorus- foot). Thechoreus; 
a metrical foot, afterwards called troch- 

asus (viz v,); Cic; Quint, % Hence, 

Fr. clioHe. 

chorocltharista, se, m. =xopo/a0- 
apia-nj? (chorus-lutist) . He who plays 
the cithara or lute for a chorus: Suet. 

chorus, i, m. = xopos (a circle) 
I. Prop.: A dance in a ring, a choral 
dance, a dance: Virg. ; Tib. II, Met- 
on,: A. A dancing and singing troop 
or band; a chorus, choir: esp. of the 
chorus in tragedy : Cic; Ov.; Hor. — 
B. A multitude, band, crowd: juven- 
tutis, Cic III. Fig. : A multitude, 
band: virtutum, Cic. <§ Hence, Fr. 

Chreines, etis, m.(Acc. Gr. Chrem- 
eta, Hor.), XpeV^s (Spitter, Hawker). 
Chr ernes; an avaricious old man in 
some of the comedies of Terence. 

Christlanns, a, um, adj., Xpicr-r- 
lavos. Christian: religio, Eutr. — As 
Subst.: Christianus, i,m. (sc. homo) 
A Christian : Tac. ; PI. ^ Hence, Fr. 

Chromis, is (Ace. Chromin, Ov. : 
Chromirn, Virg.), m., Xpd/xt? (Neigh- 
er). Chromis: 1. A Centaur. — 2. A 
Fawn or Satyr. — 3. A Trojan. 

Chryse, es (-a, aa), /., Xpv<nj 
(The golden thing). Chryse; a town 
of AZolis. 

Chryseis, idis, v. Chryses. 

Chryses, 83, m., Xpu'erT]? (The man 
of Chryse). Chryses; a priest of Apollo, 
from Ch?~yse, in Troas, the father of 
Astynome, on account of whose close 
captivity by Agamemnon, Apollo sent a 
pestilence upon the Greek hosts. — Hence, 
Chrys-eis, Idis,/. The daughter of 
Chryses, i. e. Astynome. 

Chrysippus, i, m., Xpvvnnros 
(Golden-horse). Chrysippus: 1, One 
of the most distinguished of the Stoic 
philosophers. — 2. Afreedman of Cicero. 
—Hence, Chrysipp-eus, a, um, adj. 
Of Chrysippus. 

chrysollthus, i, m. and/. =xpv ad - 
At#os(Gold stone). Chrysolite; the topaz: 
Prop. % Hence, Fr. chrysolithe. 

chrysophrys, yos, /.=xpvo-d$pu? 
(with golden eyebrows). The chrys- 
ophrys ; a kind of fish that has a gold- 
coloured spot over each eye : Ov. 

chrysos, i, m. = xpverd?. Gold : 

Chthonlus, li, m., Xfldmo? (One 
pertaining to the earth). Cfithonius ; 
a man's name. 

Cia, a;, v. Cea. 

clb-ar¥us, a, um, adj. [cib-ns} 1« 
P r o p. : Of, or pertaining to, food : res, 
Plaut. : leges, i. e. sumptuary laws, 
laws restraining luxury, Cato. — As 
Subst.: cibaria, orum, n.: A. Pood, 
nutriment, victuals, provisions, fare ; 
esp. for soldiers : Cass.; Cic — B. Corn 
allowed to provincial magistrates : 
Cic — C. Fodder, food for cattle: 
bubus cibaria annua, etc., Cato. ; Cic. 
II. M e t o n. (in accordance with the 
fare given to servants) : Ordinary, 
common : panis, coarse bread, Cic. 

ciba-tns, us, m. [cib(a)-o] (Prop.: 
A feeding ; Meton.) Food, victuals, 
nutriment: Plaut.; Lucr. 

elb-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. [cib' 
us] To give food (to animals) ; to feed 
or fodder: qui (sc. pulli) cibari nole- 
bant, Liv. 

cihorl/um, 5i, n. = Kifi&piov. A 
ciborium ; a drinking-cup (made from 
leaves of the Egyptian bean) : Hor. <$ 
Hence, ciboire. 

cibns,i,w. [etym.dub.] I. Prop.: 
Food for man and beast ; victuals, fare, 
nutriment, fodder, feed: cibos supped- 
itare, Cic: cibus animalirf, the means 
of nourishment in the air, id. II. 
Meton.: Of trees, etc. : A. The nutri- 
tive juice, the sap; of plants, etc. : Lucr. 
— B. The aliment or support : PI. III. 
Fig.: Food, sustenance: humauitatis, 

Cibyra, te, /., KtjSupa. Cibyra: 

I. A town of Phrygia Major, on the 
borders of Carta, abounding in manu- 
factures, and the seat of a Roman trib- 
unal.— -Hence : a. Cibyr-ata, s&, adj. 
comm. OfCibijra.—h. Clbyr-atlcns, 
a, um, adj. Of, or pertaining to, Ci- 
byra. — 2. A town of Cilicia. 

cicada, ce, /. The cicada or tree- 
cricket : Lucr. ; Virg. If Hence, Fr. 

clcatric-^sns, a, um, adj. [cica- 
trix, cicatric-is] I. Prop.: Full of 
scars, covered with scars : tergum, 
Plaut. II. Fig.: Of a writing: 
Amended or polished here and there : 
scripta, Quint. 

cicatrix, Icis, /. [etym. dub.] I, 
Prop.: A scar, cicatrice: Ter. ; Cic. 

II. Meton.: A. Of plants: A mark 
or scar produced by the biting or 
browsing of cattle: Virg. — B. Of the 
seam of a patched shoe : Juv. III. 
Fig. : A healed wound or sore: rei- 
publicaa, Cic. "}f Hence, Fr. cicatrice. 

ciccus, i, m. = KLKKo<; (Prop.: The 
core of a pomegranate; Fig.) Something 
unimportant or worthless ; a trifle : 

deer, Sris, n. The chick-pea (only 
in Sing.): Hor. 

CIcer-o, onis, m. [cicer] (One 
having a cicer) Cicero ; a Roman 
cognomen: 1. M. Tullius Cicwo, the 
greatest of the Roman orators and 
writers: born on the 3rd of Jan. 106 
B. 0. (648 A. U. C), at Arpinum; mur- 
dered, at tiie age of 63 years, by the sold' 
iers of Anionius, 43 b. a (71 1 a. u. a). 
— Hence, Clceron-Ianus, a, um, 
adj. Ciceronian. — 2. Q. Tullim Cicero^ 



the brother of the former. % Hence, 
Fr. cicerone, Cicdronien. 

Cicero-mastix, igis, m. [vox 
hibrida : Cicero ; juao-rt^] {The Scourge 
of Cicero, a word formed after the 
Greek 'Ofxypofj-dcrTit;). The Cicero- 
mastix ; a lampoon of Largius Licinius 
against Cicero: Gell. 

clchormm, ii, «eum, i, n.~ 
Kixopta (usu. Kix&pi-ov). Chiccory, suc- 
cory, or endive : Hor. % Hence, Fr. 

CIcirrlras, i, m., KiKippos--d\eK- 
Tpvtov. A cock (a nickname): Hor. 

Cicones, am, m., K»coi/e?. The 
Cicones • a Taracian people near the 

ciconla, ae,/. I. Prop.: A slorJc: 
Hor. II. Meton. : A figure in the 
shape of a stork's bill, made with the 
hand, for the purpose of derision : Pers. 
T[ Hence, Fr. cigogne. 

Cicur, ttris, adj. [etym. dub.] Tame, 
domesticated: bestise, Cic. 

1. cictita, 83, /. I. Prop.: The 
plant hemlock: Ov. II. Meton.: 

A. The poison obtained from the cicuta; 
hemlock: Hor. — B. A stalk of the hem- 
lock : Virg. % Hence, Fr. eigne. 

2. Cictita, as, m. [l.cicuta] Cicuta; 
a usurer at Rome : Hor. 

cl-eo, civi, citum, clere (ci-o, cire 
prevailing form in the compounds : — 
Frees, cio, Mart.: cimus, Lucr.), 2. 
v. a. [pi*ps. akin to the Greek klco, to 
go: hence in causative signif. like 
Kivtio} I. Prop. • A. Gen.: To make 
to go ; to move, put in motion, shake: 
natura omnia ciens et agitans, Cic. — 
Particular expression: Law 
t. t.; Ciei'e erctum {To put in motion, 
i. e.), To divide the inheritance: Cic. 

B. Esp.: 1. To move, excite, rouse, 
or call: ille cieri Narcissum postulat, 
Tac: sere ciere viros, Virg. — 2. To 
put in progress or in motion; i.e. to 
excite, stimulate, rouse ; to produce, 
effect, cause, occasion, begin : extremos 
gemitus, Virg. : bellum, Li v. II. F i g. : 
To put in motion ; rouse tip, disturb : 
tonitru coelum omne ciebo, Virg. 
III. Meton.: A. Gen.: To call upon 
any one ; to call by name, mention by 
name : animamque sepulcro Condimus 
et magna supremum voce cicmus, 
Virg. — Particular expression: 
In a civil sense : Ciere patrem, to 
name one's father ; i. e. show one's free 
birth : Liv. B. Esp.: To call upon by 
name for help ; to invoke : nocturnos 
manes, Virg. 

Cilieia, 93, /., KiAiKta. Cilicia; a 
province in the southern part of Asia 
Minor (now Ejalet Jtschil). — Hence, 

1. Cilix ( = Cilic-s), icis, adj., KtAt£. 
Cilician. — AsSubsi. : Cilices, um {Ace. 
Gr. Cilicas, Tib.), m. Tlbe Cilicians. — 

2. Cilis-sa (=Cilic-sa), a), /. adj. 
Cilician.— 3. Cilic-ius, a, um, adj. 
Cilician. — As Subst. : Cilicmm, ii, 
n. {sc. vestimenturn) A Cilician gar- 
ment; originally made of Cilician goats' 
hair, used by soldiers and seamen : Cic. ; 
Liv.— 4. Cllic-iensis, e, adj. Cili- 
cian. f Hence (from Cilicium), Fr. 
cilice "hair -cloth.' 


cilram, Ii, n. [akintoKifAa, koIAos, 
ccelum, and the old Germ, hol—cavus, 
excavated, concave'] An eyelid {together 
with the eyelashes)'. PI. ^f Hence, Fr. cil. 

Cilia (Cy), aa, /., KtAAcu Cilia 
or Cylla ; a town of JEolis, distinguished 
for the ivorship of Apollo. 

Cimbri, orum, m (a Gallic word 
="robbei's"] The Cimbri; a people of 
Northern Germany {in Holstein,Schles- 
wig, and Jutland)) on their irruption 
into Italy, conquered by Marius. — 
Hence, 1. Cimber, bra, brum, adj. 
Cimbrian. — 2. Cimbr-icus, a, um, 
adj. Cimbrian. 

cimex, Icis, m. A bug : I. P r o p.: 
Col.; Mart. II. Fig.: As a term of 
reproach : Hor. 

Cimlxms, i, m. Ciminus; a lake 
of Etruria, near Sutrium (now Lago 
di Ronciglione), with a mountain-forest 
near it. — Hence, Cinim-ius, a, um, 
adj. Cimmian. 

Cimmerii, orum, m., Ki,ujae'ptot. 
The Cimmerii: 1. A Thracian people 
in the present Crimea, on both sides of 
the Dnieper, whose chief town was Cim- 
meriicm. — Hence, Cimmeri«us, a, 
um, adj. (only in Sing.) Cimmerian. — 
2. A people who dwelt in caves between 
Jiaiw and Cumw, and inhabited a valley 
surrounded on all sides with such lofty 
rocks that the sun could not penetrate 
its recesses. — Hence, Cimmeri-us, a, 
um, adj. (Prop.: Of, or belonging to, 
the Cimmerii; Meton.) Of, or belong- 
ing to, the lower world; Tib. 

Cim51us, i, /., Kt>wAo?. Cimolus; 
an island of the Cyclades, distinguished 
for its chalky soil (now Cimoli). 

Cimon, onis, m., KCfxwy. Cimon : 
1. Father of Miltiades. — 2. A distin- 
guished Athenian general, son of Mil- 

cinaed-icus, a, um, adj. [1. cinred- 
us] Pertaining to one who is unchaste 
ox lewd: Plaut. 

1. clnaedus, i, ?rt.=KiVouSo? : I. 
Prop. : A person guilty of unnatural 
passions: Cat.; Juv. II. Meton.: A 
wanton dancer : Plaut. 

2. cmsed-us, a, um, adj. [1. cinaad- 
us] Wanton, unchaste: {Comp.) cinasd- 
ior, Cat. 

1. cincinn-atns, a, um, adj. 
[cincinn-us] {Provided with cincinni ; 
hence) With curled hair, having locks 
or ringlets of hair: consule, Cic. 

2. Cincinnatus, i, m. [1. cincin- 
natus] Cincinnatus; a cognomen of 
the renowned L. Quinctius, taken from 
the plough to the dictatorship. 

cincinnus, i, m. [akin to kCkivvos, 
redupl. form from Sanscrit ke^a, 
"hair"] I. Prop.: Curled hair; a 
lock or curl of hair : Cic. II. Fig.: 
Of too artificial or elaborate oratorical 
ornament: Cic. 

C in cms, ii, m. Cincius; a Roman 

cinct-ieulus, i, m. dim. [2. duct- 
us] A little girdle : Plant. 

cinc»tura, as, /. [for cing-tura ; 
fr. eing-o] (Prop.: A girding; Met- 
on.) A cincture, a girdle Suet, ^[ 
Hence.} Fr. ceinture. 

1. cinc-tus (for cmg-tus), a, urn, 
P. of cing-o. 

2. cinc-tus, us, m. [for cing-tus ; 
fr. cing-o] I. Prop.: A girding: 
cinctus Gabinus, the Gabine girding; 
a manner of girding, in which the toga 
was tucked up ; its corner, being thrown 
over the left shoulder, was brought under 
the right arm, round to the breast 
(this manner was customarily employ • 
ed in religious festivals): Virg. H, 
Meton.: _A girdle, belt: Suet. 

cinct-utus, a, um, adj. [2. cinct- 
us] {Provided with a cinctus ; hence) 
Girded, girt : Luperci, Ov. 

Cmeas, ve, m., Kiuea?. Cineas; 
the friend of Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, 
who advised him to makepeace with the 

cme-factus, a, um, adj. [for 
ciner-f actus ; f r. cinis, ciner-is ; f actus] 
{Made into ashes; hence) Reduced to 
ashes: Lucr. 

ciner-arms, Ii, rn. [cinis, ciner- 
is] {One pertaining to cinis ; hence) A 
servant ivhe heated in hot ashes the iron 
necessary for curling hair; a hair- 
curler: Cat. 

Cingetorix, Igis, m. Cingetorix : 
1. A Gaul, rival of his step-father, 
Jndutiomarus. — 2. A king of the region 
about Cantium (Kent) in Britain. 

cingo, xi, ctum, gere, 3. v. a. 
[etym. dub.] I. Prop.: A. Of per- 
sons: 1. To surround (the body) icith 
a girdle; to gird on (the sword); to 
gird, gird up : cinctasque resolvite 
vestes, Ov.: {Pass, with Gr. Ace.) 
inutile ferrum Cingitur, Virg,— 2.: 
a. Of the head, etc. To surround, 
encircle with a crown ; to crown : 
comam lauro,Hor. — b. Of other parts 
of the body : To surround, encircle . 
cujus lacertos anuli meicingant, Mart. 
— B. Of places: 1. Gen.: To sur- 
round, encircle, inclose: flumen Dubis 
pene totum oppidum cingit, Ca3s. — 2. 
Esp.: Milit. t. t. both of place, a) id 
of persons in such place : To surround 
or invest a place, or army, for defence, 
or (morefreq.) in a hostile manner : 
castra vallo, Liv.: urbem obsidione, 
to besiege, Virg: II. Fig.: A. Pass, 
in reflexive force : To make one's self 
ready for any thing, to prepare: Plaut. 
— B. To surround, inclose, encompass'; 
urbem religione, Cic. — C. To beset; 
Sicilia cincta periculis, Cic. III. 
Meton. To encompass one in a social 
manner; to be in one's retinue or es- 
cort ; to accompany : egredientes in 
publicum, Tac. *ft Hence, Fr. ceindre. 

1. cing-ulum, i, n.; -urns, i, m.; 
-ula, as, /. [cing-o] {The girding 
thing ; hence) 1 . For persons : a. 
Gen. : A girdle encircling the hips, a 
zone: Virg. — b. Esp.: A sioord-belti 
Virg. — 2. For animals: A girth, belli 
Ov. — 3. Of the earth : A girdle, zone; 

2. Cingumm, i, n. Cinguhmi; «r 
small town of Picenum (now Cingulo). 

cmi-flo, onis, m. [f or ciner-fio ;fr. 
cinis, ciner-is; flo] {Ash-blower ; hence) 
A hair-curler: Hor. 

cinis, Srisj m. (in Sing. f. Luci",; 



Cat.) [akin to kovis] I. Prop.: A. 
Gen.: Ashes : Lucr. ; Hor. B. E s p. : 
1. The ashes of a corpse that has been 
burned (both in Sing, and Plur) : 
Cic; Ov.; Hor.— 2. The ruins or ashes 
of a city, etc. : Ov. ; Virg. II. Fig.: 
As an emblem of destruction, annihil- 
ation, etc.: Ashes: omne Verterat in 
f umum et cinerem, i.e. had consumed, 
spent, Hor. % Hence, Fr. cendre. 

Ciuna, as, m. Cinna ; a Roman 
name: 1. L Cornelius Cinna, a con- 
federate of C. Mar his in the Roman 
civil war with Sytla.—Kence, Cinn- 
anas, a, um, adj. 0/ Cinna: 2. C. 
Helvius Cinna, a Roman poet, friend of 

cinnamum (-amomum), i, n. 

=.Kivvan,ov t Ktvvafxui^ov '. I. Prop.: 
Cinnamon: PI. ; Ov. II. Fig. : As a 
term of endearment: Cinnamon: 
Plaut. III. Meton. : A branch of 
the cinnamon-tree: Ov. If Hence, Fr. 

Cinyps, yplris, m., Kivv^. Cinyps ; 
a river flowing through a very fruit- 
ful region of Libya, between the two 
Byrtes (now Cinifo or Wadi Quasam). 
—Hence, Cmyph-ius, a, um, adj.: 

I. Prop.: Pertaining to the Cinyps, 
found about the Cinyps. — 2. Meton.: 
Libyan, African : Juba, Ov. 

CInyras, se (Ace. Gr. Cinyran, 
Ov.), m., Kivvpas. Cinyras ; a king 
of Assyria ; afterwards of Cyprus ; 
father of Myrrha and Adonis,— Hence, 
CInyr-elus, a, um, adj. Cinyrean: 
virgo, i.e. Myrrha, Ov. : juvenis, i. e. 
Adonis, id. 

cio, ire, v. cieo. 

1. cippus, i, m. : 1. A pale, slake, 
post, pillar, etc. ; a sepulchral column, 
etc.: Hor.— 2. Plur.: Milit. t.t.x A pal- 
isade or barricade formed of sharpened 
stakes : Ores. ^ Hence, Fr. cippe . 

3. Cippus (Clpus), i, m. Cippus 
or Cipus ; a Roman name. 

1. circa, adv. and prep, [akin to 
circum] I. Adv. : Around, round 
about, all around: fluvius ab tergo ; 
ante circaque velut ripa praxeps oram 
ejus omnem cingebat, Liv. — Part- 
icular phrases : A. Circa esse, To 
be in the region around, in the neigh- 
bourhood: Liv. — B. Circa undique, 
circa omnia, Round about, all around: 
Liv. — Particular use: As Adj., 
in connection with subst. : Lying 
around: circa civitatium animi, Liv. 

II. Prep, with Ace. : A. P r o p. : Of 
place : 1. Gen.: About, around, on the 
side of: illi robur et ses triplex Circa 
pectus erat, Hor. — 2. Esp. : Into . . . 
around; to . . . round about, etc.: Kom- 
ulus legates circa vicinas gentes misit, 
Liv. B. Meton.: 1. Of place: a.: 
(a) With the prevailing idea of neigh- 
bourhood, vicinity : In (he region of, 
near to, near by: plenum est forum, 
plena templa circa forum, Cic. — (b) 
As a less definite designation of place 
for In : circa virentes campos, Hor. — 
In respect to persons who surround 
one (as attendants, friends, adherents, 
etc.) : Around, about: trecentos juv- 
enes inermes circa se habebat, Liv. — 


Particular phrase: Circa »ii- 
quem, The attendants, companions of a 
person: Suet.— 2. Of time designating 
nearness, proximity to a definite point 
of time: About: circa eandem hor am, 
Liv. — 3. In numerical designations : 
About, nearly, almost: oppida circa 
septuaginta, Liv. C. F i g. : To denote 
an object, about which, as if it were a 
centre, any thing moves, is done, etc. 
Around, about, in, in respect to, etc. : 
circa bonas artes publica socordia, Tac. 

Circe, es (Gen. Circa?, Virg.; Prop.: 

Ace. Circam, Plaut.: Circen, Cic: — 
Abl. Circa, Hor.), /., KCptcq (Hen- 
hawk). Circe; a daughter oftheSun and 
of Perse or Perse is, sister of Attes; a sea- 
nymph, celebrated for her magic arts, 
whose abode, after her flight from Col- 
chis, was said to be near the promontory 
of Circeii, in Latium.—Kence, Circae- 
us, a, um, adj. Pertaining to Circe, 

Circeii (trisyll.), orum, m., Kipic- 
€ioi'. Circeii; a town near the pro- 
montory of the same name in Latium, 
celebrated for its oysters; ace. to the 
fable, named after Circe, who fled hither 
from Colchis (now S. Felice). —Hence, 
Circei-ensis, e, adj. Of Circeii.— As 
Subst. : Circeienses, him, m. (sc. 
cives) The inhabitants of Circeii. 

circln-o, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[circin-us] To make round, to round : 
circinat auras, i. e. flies through in a 
circular course, Ov. % Hence, Fr. 

circinus, i, w.=Ktp«-tvo?. A pair 
of co7iipasses : Cses. f Hence, Fr. cerne. 

circ-iter, adv. and prep, [akin to 
circ-us] I. A dv. : A. P r o p. : Of place: 
Round about, on every side: Script, ap. 
PI. B. Meton.: 1. Of time: About, 
near: dies circiter quindecim, Gees. — 
2 . Of number : About, near, not far 
from : decern circiter millia, Liv. II. 
Prep.: Around, near, in the neighbour- 
hood of: loca hasc circiter, Plaut. 

circ-o, noperf. nor sup., are, 1, v.a. 
[circ-us] To go round: Prop. 

circueo, ire, v. circumeo. 

circiii-tio, onis, /. [circui, root 
of circu(m)e-o] 1. A going the rounds: 
Liv. — 2. A digression, circumlocution, 
indirect manner: Cic. 

1. circui-tus, a, um, P. of circueo, 
circumeo, through root circui. 

2. circui- tus (circumi-), tus, m. 
[circui or circumi, root of circue-o, 
circume-o] I. Prop.: A going round 
in a circle; a circling, revolving; a 
revolution: Cic; Suet. II. Meton.: 
A circuit, compass : Cass. ; Virg. ; Ov. 
III. Fig.: A. Rhet. t.t. : A period: 
Cic; Quint. — B. A digression, circum- 
locution, roundabout way of speech or 
action; a periphrasis : Quint. % Hence, 
Fr. circuit. 

circula-tim, adv. [circui (a) -or] 
In a circle; in groups: Suet. 

circtil-or, atus sum, ari, 1. v. dep. 
[circul-us] To form a circle of persons 
about one's self; to gather in a company 
or circle for conversation : totiscastris 
milites eirculari, etc., Gees, ^ Hence, 
Fr. circuler. 

circ-ulus, i, m. (-lus, Virg.) 
[either akin to circ-us, or from circ-o] 
(The thing going round; hence) I, 
Prop. : A. Gen. : A circular figure, 
a circle: Cic. B. Esp.: In astro- 
nomy : A circular course, orbit, circle: 
Cic. ; PI. II. Meton. : A. A ring, 
hoop, chain: Virg. — B. A circle or 
company for social intercourse : Cic ; 
Tac. f Hence, Fr. cercle. 

circum [prob. Ace. of circus] adv. 
and prep. (In a circle or ring; hence) 
I. Adv.: A. Around, round about, all 
round, et«. : circum est ansas amplexus 
acantho, Virg. — Particular com- 
bination: Circum undique (or as one 
word, circumundique), Everywhere, 
from every direction around, around 
on all sides: Virg,— B. Without the 
noti on of entirely surrounding : Round, 
around: hostilibns circum li tori bus, 
Tac. II. Prep. c. Ace: A. Prop.: 1, 
Around, round about, all round: terra 
circum axem se summa celeritate 
convertit, Cic. — 2. Without the notion 
of entirely surrounding : Round, a- 
round: flumina circum Funclit humus 
flores, on the borders of the rivulets, 
Virg. : pueros circum amicos dimittit, 
to friends around, Cic. B. Meton.: 
With the prevailing idea of neighbour- 
hood, vicinity : In the environs of, in 
the vicinity of, at, near: templa circum 
forum, Cic. — P articularph rases: 
1. Circum aliquem, The attendants or 
companions of a person: Ter.; Cic; 
Virg. — 2. Circum pedes ( = ad pedes), 
Servants in attendants: Cic. — C. Cir- 
cum is sometimes placed after its 
subst.: hunc circum, Cic — D. In 
composition, m remains unchanged 
before consonants ; before vowels it 
was, according to Priscian and Cassi- 
odor us, written, but not pronounced. 
ffif" With verbs compounded with 
circum, this preposition is never re- 
peated, e. g. circumcursare circum 
aliquid and similar expressions are 
not found. 

circumac-tus (for circumag- tus), 
a, um, P. of circumag-o. 

circum-ago, egi, actum, agere, 
3. v. a.: I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To lead 
or drive round ; to turn in a circle, turn 
round, turn about, wheel round: equoa 
frenis, Liv. B. Esp.: With Personal 
pron.: To turn one's self round: cir- 
cumagente se vento, Liv. II. M o t on. : 
To run, drive about, proceed from one 
place to another : nil opus est te 
circumagi, i. e. that you wander about 
with me, Hor. Ill, Fig.: A. : 1. 01 
abstract things: a. Gen.: To turn 
round: hie paululum circumacta fort- 
una est, i. e. changed, Flor.— b. Esp.: 
Of time : With Personal pron., or 
Pass, in reflexive force : To turn its 
self round; i. e. (a) To pass away, be 
spent (mostly in tempp. perff,): Liv.— 
(b) To revolve: Liv.— 2. Of persons. 
a. To turn round, to change: univer- 
sum prope hnmanum genus circumegit 
in se, brought over to his side, PI.— b. 
To turn one's self round, direct one's 
attention, etc.: quo te circumagas, Juv. 
— B. Pass.: To be driven or led about 



to be unsettled or disturbed : rumoribus 
vulgi, Liv. 

circum-aro, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. To plough around: Liv. 

circum-cse-sura, ss, f. [for cir- 
cum-ceed-sura ; fr. circum ; casd-o] (A 
cutting around; hence) The external 
contour or outline: Lucr. 

circum-cldo, cldi, cisum, cldere, 
3. v . a. [for eircum-caado] I. Prop.: 
To cut around, cut, clip, trim : caespitem 
gladiis, Cass.: (without Object) ars 
agricolarum, quaa circumcidafe, etc., 
Cic. II. Fig.: A. G-en.: To make 
less ; to diminish, abridge, circumscribe, 
cut off: impensam funeri, Phaad. B. 
Esp.: Of style: To abridge, remove: 
circumcidat, si quid redundabit, Quint. 
% Hence, Fr. circoncire. 

circum-cirea, adv. All around, 
round about, on every side: Plaut.; 
Script, ap. Cic. 

circmnci-siis (forcirciimcid-sus), 
a, um : 1. P. of circumcid-o. — 2. Pa., 
{Cut off around ; hence) a. Of local- 
ities : Gut off from connection with the 
region around; steep, precipitous, in- 
accessible: collis, Caes. — b. Abridged, 
short, brief: orationes, PI. ^j" Hence, 
Fr. circoncis. 

circum-cludo, si, sum, d5re, 3. 
v. a. [for circum-claudo] To shut in, 
inclose on every side: I. Prop.: Of 
persons or things: comua argento, 
Caes. II. Fig.: Oatilina consiliis meis 
circumclusus, Cic. 

circum-c61o, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. To dwell round about: 
sinum maris, Liv. 

circum-curso, no perf. nor sup., 
are, 1. v. n. and a. To run round 
about; to run about in, at, or near: I. 
Neut.: circumcursare columns . . . 
pueris videantur, Lucr. II. Act. : 
villas, Cic. 

circum-do, dedi, datum, dare, 1. 
v. a. (To put, set, or place around; 
hence) I. Prop.: A. To place one 
thing round another ; to put, set 
around, etc.: ligna et sarmenta cir- 
cumdare, Cic: (Pass, with Or. Ace.) 
infula virgineos circutndata comptus, 
Lucr. — B. To surround a person or 
thing with something ; to encompass, 
inclose, encircle: oppidum quinis castr- 
is, Caas. II. Fig.: A. To put or place 
round: quos (sc. cancellos) mihi ipse 
circumdedi, Cic. — B. To encompass, 
inclose, etc.: pueritiam robore, Tac. 

circum-duco, xi, ctum, cere (Im- 
perat. circumduce, Plaut.: — in tmesis, 
circum in quaastus ducere, Phaad.), 3. 
v. a. : I. Prop.: A. Of personal 
objects: To lead, etc., around: co- 
hortes longiore itinere, Cass. : (without 
Object) praater castra hostium circum- 
duct,' i. e. marches round and past, 
Liv. — B. Of things as objects: To 
draw, etc., around: vexillum tolleres, 
et aratrum circumduceres, Cic. II. 
Fig.: A. To cheat or defraud : quadr- 
aginta Philippis me circumduxerunt, 
Plaut. — B. (To lengthen out; hence) 
To while, or wear away: reliquam diei 
^jartem, Suet. 
eircumdue-ti'o, 5nis, /. [circum- 

duc-o] A cheating, defrauding, deceiv- 
ing: argenti, Plaut. 

circumduc-tus, a, um, P. of 

circum-eo (circii-eo), ivi or ii, 
Itum, ire, v. n. and «.: I, Prop. : A. 
Gen.: To go round: 1. Neut.: per 
hortum circuit, Plaut. — 2. Act. : quum 
circuiret prasdia, Cic. B. Esp. : 1. 
Milit. 1. 1.\ To surround, encircle, in- 
close, encompass: oohortes sinistrum 
cornu circunaierunt, Caas. — 2. To go 
round for the purpose of addressing, 
entreating, etc.: circumire veteranos, 
ivfc acta Caasaris sancirent, Cic. II. 
Fig.; A. To circumvent, deceive, im- 
pose upon, cheat: f acinus indignum, 
sic circumiri, Ter. — B. To express by 
circumlocution : Vespasiani no men cir- 
cumibant, Tac. 

circum-equito, no perf. nor sup., 
are, 1. v. a. To ride round: Liv. 

circum-fero, tuli, latum, ferre, 
3. v. a. irreg. : I. Prop. : A. Gren.: 
To bear or cany round : codicem, Cic. 
B. Esp.: 1. To carry round for sale: 
libellos, Quint,— 2. Pass, in reflexive 
force : To go round, revolve: sol ut cir- 
cumferatur, etc., Cic— 3. Circumferre 
(= circumf erre se), To go round: socios 
pura circumtulit unda, i. e. for purifi- 
cation, Virg. n. F i g. : A. To spread 
around: incendia et caades, Tac — B. 
Of a narrative or discourse : To publish 
abroad, proclaim, divulge, disseminate 
among the people, report : Ov. 

circum-flecto, xi, xum, ctgre, 3. 
v. a. To bend or turn about: longos 
circum flectere cursus, Virg. 

circuinflexns (for circumfiect- 
sus), a, um, P. of circumflect-o. % 
Hence, Fr. circonfiexe. 

circum-flo, no perf . nor sup., axe, 
l.v.n. To blow round about : I. Prop.: 
circumfiantibus Austris, Stat. II. 
Fig.: ab omnibus ventis in vidiae cir- 
cumflari, Cic. 

circum-fltio, xi, no sup., gro, 3. 
v. n. and a.: I. Prop.: To flow round, 
to surround by flowing : A. Act.: utr- 
umque latus circumfiuit aaquoris unda, 
Ov. — B. Neut. : in poculis repletis, 
addito humore minumo, circumfluere, 
quod supersit, Pi. II. Me ton. : To 
flock around, encompass, surround : 
mulos circumfluxisse (sc. lupum), Var. 
Ill, Fig.: A. To have an abundance 
of, to be rich in (only in Cic): istum 
circumfluere atque abundare, Cic : 
circumfluere omnibus rebus, id. — B. 
Of style : To be exuberant: circum - 
fluens oratio, Cic. 

circumflu-us, a, um, «<2/.[circum- 
fiu-o] 1. Flowing around, circumfluent : 
amnis, Ov. — 2.: a. Prop.: Flowed 
around, surrounded: insula, Ov. — b. 
Meton.: Surrounded, encircled : chla- 
mys limbo Maaonio, Stat. — c. Fig.: 
Encompassed: mens luxu, Claud. 

circiim-f5r-an8us, a, um, adj. 
[circum ; f or-um] 1 . Round about the 
forum or market: aes, money borrowed 
from bankers (because the bankers' 
shops were in the forum), Cic. — 2. 
Strolling about from market to market, 
that attends markets: pharmacopola,Cic. 

circum-fimdo, fudi, ffisum, fund- 
ere (in tmesis; circum deafudit, Virg.), 
3. v, a.'. I, P r o p. : (To pour out around; 
hence) A.: 1, Gen.: To pour some- 
thing around: circumfusus aer, Ov. 
—2. Esp.: Pass, in reflexive force: 
To pour itself '_ around : quum fervet 
(sc. lac), ne circumfundatur, PI. — B. 
To surround by pouring, etc. : mortuum 
cera, Nep. II. Meton.: A.: 1. : 
Pass, in reflexive force : a. Of several 
persons : To gather in a crowd all 
round; to flock or meet together in 
crowds ; to crowd or pour round : cir- 
cum fusae (sc. Nymphae) que Dianam 
Corporibws texere suis, Ov. — b. Of 
a single person : To fling one's self 
around another ; to clasp, embrace, 
etc.: et nunc hac juveni nunccircum- 
funditur iliac, Ov.— 2. Once in Tac: 

circumf undo = circumf undor, To gather 
in a crowd all round, etc.: circumEudit 

eques (in collective force), Tac. — B. 
To place around; to inclose, environ, 
encircle, 'surround, hem in, etc. : Caton- 

em vidi multis circumfusum Stoico- 

rum libris, Cic. III. Fig.: A. To 

surround, to gather around, to spread 

around: circumfusis undique volup- 

tatibus, Liv. — B. To surround, encom- 

pass, environ: latent ista omnia cir* 

cumfusa tenebris, Cic. 
circumfu-sus [for circumfud- 

sus], a, um, P. of circumf u(n)d-o. 
circum-gemo, no perf. nor sup., 

ere, 3. v. a. To roar around: circum- 

gemit ursus ovile, Hor. 
circuni-gesto, no perf. nor sup., 

are, 1. v. a. To carry around: epistolam, 

circum-grSdlor, gressus sum, 

grcdi [for circum-gradior] , 3. v. dep. 

To go around, travel about: lacessunt, 

circumgrediuntur, Tac. 
circumgres-sus (forcircumgred- 

sus), a, um, P. of circumgred-ior. 
circum-injiclo, no perf. nor sup., 

ere, 3. v. a. To cast in round about; 

vallum, Liv. 
circmn-jaceo, no perf. nor svp., 

ere, 2. v. n. To lie round about, border 

upon: circumjacere Europaa, Liv. 

1. circiunjec-tus (for circumjac- 
tus), a, um : 1. P. of circumjic-io, 
through true root circum j AC. — 2. Pa. : 
Lying around, surrounding: aadificia 
muris, Liv. 

2. eircumjec-tus, us, m. [for cir- 
cumjac-tus, through id.] A casting 
around, a surrounding, encompassing: 

circum-jlclo, jeci, jectuin, jlcere, 
3. v. a. [for circum-jacioj I. Gen.: 
To cast, throw, ov place around: multi- 
tudinem hominum totis moanibus, 
Cass. II. Esp.: Pass, in reflexive force: 
To cast or wind one's self, etc., around: 
anguis domi vectem circumjectus, Cic. 

circumla-tus, a, um, P. of cir- 
cumfero ; v. fero init. 

circnm-ligo, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. I. To bind (one thing) round or to 
(another) : natam mediae circumligat 
hastse, Virg. II. To bind (one thing) 
with (anotlier) ; to encompass, surround; 
circumligatus angui, Cic. 



circum-Hno, no per/., lrtum, 
Ifnere, 3. v. a.: I. Prop.: A. To 

smear, stick, or spread something all 
over something ; to besmear: circumlita 
tcedis sulfura, Ov. — B. To besmear all 
over with, to anoint : circumliti mortui 
eera, Gic. n. Me ton.: To surround, 
cover, clothe: musco circumlita saxa, 

circum-ltio, no per/. nor&up.,$re, 
8. v. a. To flow around or wash upon: 
pars arcis ch-cumluitur, Li v. 

circuualustra-ns, ntis, P. of 
obsol. circumlustr(a)-o. Lighting all 
around: mundi templum, Lucr. 

circum-lu-vlo, onis, /. [for cir- 
cum-lu-io ; fr. circum ; lu-o] (Prop.: 
The flowing around; Meton.) The se- 
paration of a piece of land into the 
form of an island by the gradual 
encroachment of a river : Oic. 

eircuni-niitto, mlsi, missum, 
mittfire, 3. v. a. To send round : cir- 
cummissis senatoribus, Cass. 

cir cum-munlotmoenlo, Plaut. ) , 
Ivi, itum, Ire, 4. v. a. To wall up 
around; to fortify, secure: circum- 
munitos prohiberi aqua, Cass. 

eircummum-tIo,6nis,/. [circum- 
muni-o] Milit. t.t.: An investing of a 
town; circumvallation : oppidi, Cass. 

circum-pendSo, no perf. nor 

sup., ere, 2. v. n. To hang around: Ov. 

circum-plaudo, no perf. nor sup., 

ere, 3. v. n. To applaud or greet on all 

sides by clapping of hands : Ov. 

circuni-plecto, no perf. nor sup., 
§re, 3. v.a. To clasp around, embrace: 
collum circumplecte, Plaut. 

circum - plector, plexus sum, 
plecti, 3. v. dep.: I. To clasp around, en- 
fold : thesaurum draco, Cic. II. To en- 
compass, surround: collern opere, Cass. 
circum-plico, avi, atutn, are, 1. 
v. a. To wind or twine around : Cic. 

circum -pono, p5sul, posltum, 
pongre, 3. v.a. To set, put, or place 
around: piper catillis, Hor. 

circum-ret-Io, no perf., Itum, 
Ire, 4. v. a. [circum ; ret-e] To place, 
etc., a net round an object ; to inclose 
with a net, ensnare : Fig.: quum te cir- 
cumretitum esse videam, Cic. 

circum-rodo, si, sum, dere, 3. 
v. a. To gnaw or nibble all round: 
I. Prop. : escam, PI. II. Fig.: qui 
Dcnte Theonino quum circumroditur, 
i.e. is slandered, calumniated, etc. , Hor. 
circumssepio, v. circumsepio. 
circum-scindo, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. To rend off around : Liv. 
circum-scribo, psi, ptum, bere, 
3. v. a. : I. P r o p. : To describe a line 
%7'ound; to circumscribe, inclose in a 
iircle : virgulastantem circumscripsit, 
Cic. n. F i g. : A. To define ; to deter- 
mine the limits or fix the boundaries of 
an object : locum habitandi alicui, 
Cic. — B, T* bring (a thing) within nar- 
row bounds ; to draw together, contract, 
circu?nscribe ; to hinder free action ; to 
restrain, confine, limit, etc. : Scnatus, 
credo, prastorem eum circumscrip- 
sisset, Cic— C: 1. To encircle one, as 
it were, by writing, i. e. to deceive, 
cheat, circumvent, entrap, ensnare: 

fallacibus interrogationibus circum- 
scripti, Cic. — 2. Mercantile t.t.: To 
deprive of money; to overreach, de- 
fraud: adolescentulos, Cic. — D. To 
cancel (as by drawing a line round) ; to 
expunge, declare null and void, set 
aside: circumscriptis iis sententiis, 
quas posui, etc., Cic. ^ Hence, Fr. 

circumscript-e, adv. [circum- 
script-us] In periods: Cic. 

circumscrip«tio, onis, /. [for 
circumscrib - tio ; f r. circumscrib - o] 
1. (Prop.: An encircling; Meton.) A 
circle: Cic. — 2.: a. A bo undai~y, limit, 
circle, compass: Cic. — b. Rhet. t.t.: A 
period: Cic. — 3. A deceiving, cheating, 
overreaching, defrauding: Cic; Sen. 
% Hence, Fr. circonscy^iptwn. 

circumscrip-tor, oris, m. [for 
circumscrib -tor ; fr. circumscrib -o] A 
cheat, defrauder : Cic. 

circumscrip - tus (for circum- 
scrib-tus), a, um : 1. P. of circum - 
scrib-o. — 2. Pa.: a. In rhetoric: 
Bounded, periodic: verborum ambitus, 
Cic. — b. Restincted, limited: (Comp.) 
vis circumscriptior, PI. ^[ Hence, Fr. 

circum-sSco, no perf., turn, are, 

I. v.a.: I. Gen.: To cut or pare 
around: radices vitium, Cato. II. 
Esp. : Of the Jews: To circumcise: 

circum-sSd§o (-sldSo), sedi, ses- 
sum, sgdere, 2. v.a.: I. G-en.: To sit 
around a person or thing : fiorentes 
amicorum turba circumsedet, Sen. 

II. Esp.: A. Prop.: To encamp 
around in a hostile manner, to blockade, 
invest, encompass: Mutinam circum- 
sedent, Cic. B. Fig.: To lay siege to, 
storm, beset: circumsessus muliebribus 
blanditiis, Liv. 

circum-sgplo (-ssepio), si, turn, 
Ire, 4. v. a. To hedge, or fence, around; 
to surround, inclose: I. Prop.: sta- 
gnum asdificiis, Suet. H. F i g. : arm- 
atis corpus circumsepsit, Liv. 

circumses-sio, onis, /. [for cir- 
cumsed-sio ; fr. circumsed-eo] An in- 
vesting of a town, a blockade: Cic 

circumses-sus (for circumsed- 
sus), a, um, P. of circumsed-eo. 

circumsideo, ere, v. circumsedeo. 

circum-sido, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. To set or place one's self 
around something in a hostile man- 
ner ; to invest, besiege, etc. : templum, 

circum-sflto, no perf. nor sup., 
Ire, 4. v. n. [for circum-salio] To 
spring, leap, or hop around : I. P r o p. : 
circumsiliens (sc. passer) modo hue, 
modo illuc, Qat. II. Fig.: mor- 
borum omne genus, Juv. 

circum-sisto, steti, no sup., sist- 
ere, 3. v. a. and n. To place one's self 
or take one's stand around ; to sur- 
round, go or stand around: I. Act. : 
plures paucos circumsistebant, Ctes. 
II. Neut.: sex lictores circumsistunt, 

circum-sono, no perf. nor sup., 
are, 1. v.n. and a.: I. Neut.: To sound, 
resound (with something) on every side, 

to be filled with any sound: vocitoiK} 
undique circumsonare, Cic. II. Act.: 
To make something echo or resound, to 
encompass with sound: clamor hostes 
circumsonat, Liv. 

circums5n-us, a, um, adj. [cir- 
cumson-o] Resounding around or on 
every side: turba canum, i.e. barking 
around: Ov. 

circumspecta-trix, icis,/. [cir- 
cumspect (a) -o] She icho looks around 
or gazes about; a female spy : Plaut. 

circumspec-tio, onis,/. [circum- 
spic-io, through true root ciucumspeg] 
Foresight,circumspection, caution: Cic. 
^[ Hence, Fr. circonspection. 

circum-specto, avi, atum, are, 
1. v. n. and a. intens.: I. Neut.: A. 
Prop.: To look about with attention, 
etc, to cast a look round about, to seavch 
around : in pastu circumspectare, Cic. 
B. Fig. : To think upon any thing, 
give one's attention to any thing ; to 
consider, turn over in one's mind: 
dubitans, circumspectans, luesitans, 
Cic. II. Act.: A. Prop.: To look 
about one's self after or at something ; 
to look all around upon something : 
parietes circumspectabantur, Tac. B, 
Fig. : To look, wait, or watch for any 
thing : initium erumpendi, Tac. 

1. circmnspec-tus, a, um : 1. 
P. of circumspic-io, through true root 
cracuMSPEC. — 2. Pa. : a. Pass. : 
Weighed with care, considerate, cir~ 
cumspect: verba, Ov. — b. Act.: Cir- 
cumspect, exercising precaution, cau- 
tious, wary, provident, heedful : ( Comp.) 
aliquis circumspectior, Sen. : (Sup.) 
circumspectissimus princeps, Suet. % 
Hence, Fr. circonspect. 

2. circumspec-tus, us, m. [cir- 
cumspic-io, through id.] 1.: a. 
Prop.: A looking around eagerly, 
cautiously; a spying, searching around: 
PL — b. M e t o n. : A view around : Liv. 
— 2. Consideration: Liv.; Ov. 

Circum-splclo, exi, ectum, fcere 
(Perf. Sync, circumspexti, Ter.), 3. 
v.n. and a. [for circum - specio] I. 
Neut.: A. Prop.: To look about one's 
self, to cast a look around : qui in au- 
spicium adhibetur, nee suspicit ncc 
circumspicit, Cic. B. Fig.: To ex- 
ercise foresight, be cautious, take heed: 
esse circumspiciendum diligentcr, ut, 
etc. , Cic. II. Act. : A. : 1 . P r o p. ;, To 
view on all sides, to survey : lucos, 6v. 
— 2. Fig.: To view something ment- 
ally; to survey, ponder, weigh, consider: 
permulta sunt in causis circum spici- 
enda, ne quid offendas, Cic— B. To 
descry, get sight of, etc. : saxum circum-/ 
spicit ingens, Virg. — C: 1. Prop/. 
To look about for: recessum, Liv. — 2, 
Fig.: To cast about for something with 
desire, to strive after, seek for, etc.: 
externa auxilia, Liv. 

circum-sto, steti, no sup., stare, 
1. v. n. and a.: I. Neut.: To stand 
around: A. Prop.: non ita magno 
.suorum numero circumsteterunt,, 
Oaas.: ad circumstantes silvas, Ov. 
B. Fig.: terrores circumsteterunt, 
Liv. II. Act.: A. Prop.: 1, Oen.: 
To stand around a person or thing; 



senatsiun, Cic.~2. Esp.: To surround 
in a hostile manner; to beset, besiege: 
tribunal preetoris, Cic. B. Fig.: 
To surround, encompass: quum om- 
nia nos undique fata circumstent, Cic. 

eircuin-strepo, no per/., Itum, 
ere, 3. v. a.: I. To make a noise a- 
round, to echo around noisily : clamore 
seditiosorum circumstrepitur (sc. leg- 
atus), Tac. II. To make something 
to sound around noisily ; to say or cry 
out clamorously : quidam atrociora 
circumstrepebant, Tac. 

circum-struo, no perf., ctum, 
ere, 3. v. a. : To build round any- 
thing ; to surround with building, i. e. 
with brickwork or masonry: effosso et 
circumstructo juxta Tiberim lacu, 

circum«surg-ens, entis (P. of 
obsol. circum-surg-o) Rising all a- 
round : circumsurgentia juga, Tac. 

circum-tego, no per/., ctum, 
gere, 3. v. a. To cover round about: 
eoelum, Lucr. 

circum=ten-tus, a, urn, adj. [for 
ciixmm-tend-tus ; f r. circum ; tend-o] 
Stretched or drawn around, begirt: 

circum-tex-tus, a, um, adj. 
[circum ; tex-o] Woven all around : 
velamen acantho, Virg. 

circum-t5no, ui, no sup., are, 1. 
v. a. (To thunder around; Fig.) To 
clamour or make a noise around: nunc 
circumtonuit Bellona, Hor. 

circum-ton-sus, a, um, adj. [for 
circum -tond-sus ; fr. circum ; tond- 
eo] Shorn all around : Suet. 

circumundique, v. circum. 

eircum-vado, si, no sup. t dere, 
S. v. a. (To 90 around; hence) To as- 
sail, beset, or attack on every side, to 
encompass : I. Pro p. : naves, Liv. 
II. Fig.: Of sudden terror : terror 
barbaros circumvasit, Liv. 

circum-vagUS, a, um, adj. Wan- 
dering around, encircling : oceanus, 

circum-vallo, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a.: I. Prop.: To surround on every 
side with a rampart ; to blockade, in- 
vest : castra circum varllaturi, Liv. II. 
Fig.: To beset, beleaguer: tot res re- 
pente circumvallant, Ter. 

circum vec-tlo, onis, /. [for cir- 
cumveh-tio ; fr. circumveh-or] I. 
Prop.: A carrying around: Cic. II. 
M e t o n. : A circuit, revolution : Cic. 

circum-vecto, no per/, nor sup., 
are, 1. v. a.: I. Act.: To carry around : 
circum vectare Penates, Sil. II. Pass. : 
A. Prop.: (To be carried around; 
hence), 1. To ride round: oppida cir- 
cum vectabor, Plaut.— 2. To sail round: 
oram Ligurum, Liv. B. Fig.: To 
go through, describe, etc. : singula, Virg. 

circnmvec-tus (for circumveh- 
tus), a, um,?. of circumveh-or. 

circuin-vehor, ctus sum, hi, 3. 
v. pass. (To be carried around; hence) 
I. Prop.: A. To ride round on 
horseback or in a chariot : mulioncs 
collibus circum vehi jubct, Cass.: (with 
Ace. dependent on prep, in verb) castra, 
liv.— B. To sail, etc., around: navi- 

bus, Cass. II. Fig.: To describe at 
large, etc.: circumvehor omnia verbis, 
Virg. $$W A Part. Pres. Act. in re- 
flexive force, with Ace. on ace. of cir- 
cum, Sailing round, is found in Nep. 

circum-velo, no per/, nor sup,, 
are, 1. v. a. To veil around, envelope: 
circumvelatur amictu, Ov. 

circum » venlo, veni, ventum, 
venire, 4. v. a. I. Prop. : A. G-en.: 
To come around ; to encompass, encircle, 
surround: insulas Rhenus, Tac. B. 
Esp.: With accessory notion of hos- 
tility : To surround, encompass, invest, 
etc.: ne per insidias ab eo circum - 
veniretur, Cass. II. Fig.: A. To 
beset, oppress, distress, afflict : multa 
senem circumveniunt incommoda, 
Hor. — B. To circumvent, deceive, cheat, 
defraud: circumventum esse innoc- 
entem pecunia, Cic. Tf Hence, Fr. 

circumven-tus, a, um, P. of cir- 

circum-versor (-vorsor), no 
per/., ari, 1. 1. dep. To turn one's self, 
etc., round: Lucr. 

circum- ver to (-vorto), prps. 
no per/, nor sup., ere, 3. v. a. I. P r o p. : 
A. To turn one round: mancipium, 
i. e. to declare free, Quint — B. With 
Personal pron., or Pass, in reflexive 
force : To turn one's self, etc., round: 
circum vertens se, Suet.: (with Ace. 
dependent on prep, in verb) circum- 
vertitur (sc. rota) axem, Ov. II. Fig.: 
To lead around or about many matter ; 
to defraud of, etc.: qui me argento 
circumvortant, Plaut. 

circum-vestlo, prps. no perf. 
nor sup., ire, 4. v. a. I. To cover on 
all sides: arborem uvis, PI. II. To 
clothe around; Fig.: so dictis, Poet, 
ap. Cic. 

circum-vinclo, no perf., turn, 
ire, 4. v. a. To bind around: Plaut. 

circum-vlso, no perf. nor sup., 
ere, 3. v. a. To look around: Plaut. 

eircum-volito, avi, atum, are, 
l.v.n. I. Prop.: Of winged crea- 
tures : To fly around: lacus circum - 
volitavit hirundo , Virg. II. M e t o n . : 
Of persons : To hover, rove, or flit 
about or around : circumvolitant 
equites, Lucr. 

cireum-volo, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. To fly around: spemque suam 
motis avidus (sc. milvus) circumvolat 
alis, Ov.: mors atris pennis, Hor. 

circum-volvo, prps. no perf., 
volutum, volvere, 3. v. a. To roll or 
turn round : sol circumvolvitur an- 
num, revolves round, Virg. 

circus, i, m. = «ip/co?, akin to 
xv/cAos. I. A circular line, circle, in 
astronomy : circus lacteus, the Milky 
Way, Cic. II. A circus: A. Prop.: 
1. Circus, or Circus Maximus, The 
Circus, or Circus Maximus; an ova,l 
circus built by Tarquinius Priscus be- 
tween the Palatine and Aventine hills, 
which could contain more than 100,000 
spectators: Liv.; Hor.— Hence, Circ- 
ensis, e, adj. Pertaining to the Circus: 
Cic; Liv. — As Subst.i Cir censes, 

mm, m. (sc. ludi) The games in tte 
Circus Maximus: Suet. — 2. Circua 
Flaminius, The Flaminian Circus : 
Cic. B. Me ton.: A racecourse: 
omnem longo decedere circo Infusum 
populum jubet, Virg. *|[ Hence, Fr. 

ciris, is,/. = Keipt? (The shorn one). 
Ciris ; the bird into which Scylla th« 
daughter of Nisus was changed: Cic. 

cirrus, i, m. (mostly plur.) I 
Prop.: A natural lock, curl, ringlet, 
or tuft of hair : Mart.; Juv. II. 
Me ton.: A fringe on a garment: 
Pha)d. If Hence, Fr. cirrhe. 

Cirta, as, f. Ciria ; an important 
town of Numidia. 

cis, prep. c. Ace. [prps. akin to 
the Sanscrit pronominal stem ki] I. 
Prop.: Of place : On this side : cis 
Taurum, Cic. II. M e to n.: Of time : 
Within : cis dies paucos, Plaut. 

Cis-alp-Inus, a, um, adj. [cis ; 
Alp-es] Lying on this side of the Alps, 
Cisalpine: Gallia, Cic. 

cislum, ii, n. [etym. dub.] A 
cisium ; a light two-wheeled vehicle : Cic. 

Cis-rhen-anus, a, um, adj. [cis ; 
Rhen-us] Situate on this side of the 
Rhine: Germani, Cass. . 

Cisseus, Si, m., Kicrcreus (The one 
with ivy ; the ivy-crowned one). 
Cisseus; a king of Thrace, father of 
Hecuba. — Hence, Ciss-eis, Tdos, /. 
The daughter of Cisseus, i. e. Hecuba. 

cista, a3,/. = /ctcTT/?: 1. A basket of 
wicker-work : Auct. Her.; Juv.; Ov.— 
2. A box or chest for clothes, money, 
etc.: Cic; Hor. % Hence, Fr. ciste. 

cistel-la, as,/, dim. [for cistul-la ; 
fr. cistul-a] 1. A small basket: Auct. 
Her. — 2. A small box or chest : Plaut. 

cistella-trix, Icis, /. [cistella, 
(uncontr. Gen.) cistella-i] She who has 
charge of the money-box (a female 
slave): Plaut. 

cistell-iila, as, /. dan. [cistell-a] 
A little box or chest: Plaut. 

cist-erna, as,/, [cist-a] (A thing 
pertaining to a cista; hence) A reservoir 
for water, a cistern: Tac. % Hence, 
Fr. citerne. 

cistophorus, i, ra.=/acrTo$opos 
(Box-bearer). A cistophorus; an A status 
coin of the value of about four drachms^ 
with the impression of a cista : Cic. 

eist-ula, as,/, dim. [cist-a] 1. A 
little basket : Mart.— 2. A little box ox 
chest: Plaut. 

cita-tim, adv. [2. cit(a)-o] Quickly, 
speedily, hastily : Hirt. 

eltsi-tus, a, um : 1. P. of cit(a)-o. 
— 2. Pa.: a. Gen.: Driven, urged to, 
i. e. hastened, hurried, quick, rapid, 
speedy : citato equo, at full gallop, 
Cass.: (Comp.) citatiore agmine, Liv.: 
(Sup.) citatissimo agmine, id. — "b. 
Esp. : In adverbial force : Quickly, 
rapidly, etc.: ferunt citati signa, Liv. 

Ci-ter, tra, trum (in Pos. prps. only 
once), adj. [for cis-ter; fr. cis] I. 
Prop.: On this side: citer agnus allig- 
atus ad sacra, Cato : (Comp.) Gallia 
citerior, Cic. II. M e t o n. : Of place . 
Lying near, near, close: (Sup,) citima 
purSjCic III. Fig.: Near, close, «to 



ut ad hrec clteriora veniam et notiora 
nobis, Cic. 

citerius, v. citra. 

Cithseron, orris, m., Kifloupwi'. 
Cithceron ; a mountain in the south-west 
of Boeotia. 

cithara, Ee,/.=/ci0dpa : I. Prop.: 
The cithara or cithern: Virg.; Hor. 
II. Me ton.: A. The music of the cith- 
ara, or gen., of a stringed instrument : 
Hor.; Prop,— B. The art of playing on 
the cithara : Hor. % Hence, Fr. guitars. 

citliarista, se, m. — KtflapKmJ? : 
A ptaijeron the citlmra : Cic. % Hence, 
Fr. guitariste. 

citharistrla, a?, /.=Ki0apicrrpia. 
Slie who plays on the cithara: Ter. 

citharizo, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. n. — KiOapC$to. To play on the 
cithara: Nep. 

citharcedicus, a, um, adj.~KiQ- 
apcoSiKos. Of ', or pertaining to, acithar- 
tedus: ars, Suet. 

citharcedus, i, m. = /a0apuS6?. 
One who plays on the cithara (and ac- 
companies the instrume?it with ?iis voice) : 

Citieus, i, v. Citium. 

Citium (Citt-), W, n., KCtlov, 
Kittlov. Citium or Cittium ; a seaport 
town in Cyprus. — Hence, Citieus 5 i, 
m. A Citian. 

1. clt-o, adv. [cit-us] I. Prop.: 
Quickly, speedily, soon: abi cito et sus- 
pende te, Ter.: (Sup.) se in currus 
citissime recipere, Cscs. II. M e t o n. : 
A. With a negative ( =11011 facile) Not 
easily, not readily: Cic— B. (Comp.) 
Without a negative ( =potius) : Sooner, 
rather: citius dicere, Cic. 

2. ei-to, tavi, tatum, tare (Inf. 
Proes. Pass, citarier, Cat.), 1. v. in tens. 
a. [ci-eo] I. Prop.: To put into quick 
motion; to move or drive violently or 
rapidly; to shake, rouse, excite, provoke, 
incite, stimulate, promote, etc. : graduin, 
Claud.: urinam, Cels. B. Esp.: 1. 
To urge, call, or summon: postquam 
citati (sc. senatores) non conveniunt, 
Liv. — 2. Law I. t.: To call the parties; 
to summon : reum, Cic. — 3. To call one 
to witness ; to call upon, appeal to : quos 
ego testes citaturus fui rerum a me 
gestarum, Liv. II. Fig.: A. To cause 
or produce: isque motus (sc. animi) 
aut boni aut mali opinione citctur, 
Cic. — B. To appeal to, quote, cite: Cic. 
quos Licinius citat auctores, Liv. III. 
M e t o 11. : To mention by name ; to name, 
mention, call out, proclaim, announce : 
Danai reliquique Greeci, qui hoc ana- 
pa?.sto citantur, Cic. 

cltr-a,i>rep. and adv. [citer, citr- 
i] I. Prep. c. Ace: A. Prop.: On 
this side: citra Pubiconem, Cic. B. 
Meton. : 1. Before, within, beneath, 
short of, less than ; citra tertiam syllab- 
nm, before the third syllable, Cic: citra 
Trojana tempora, Ov. — 2. Without, out 
of, except, without regard to, setting 
aside: citra fldem, Tac. C. Fig. : 
Beneath, short of, less than, etc.: nee 
virtus citra genus est, Ov. II. Adv.: 
A. Prop.: On this side: nee citra 
mota nee ultra, Ov. B. Meton.: Of 
space : Short of some object : tela 

hostium citra cadebant, Tac. C. 
Fig.: Short of some object: (Comp.) 
modo ultra quam oportet, excurrit; 
modo citerius debito resistit, Sen. 

citr-eus, a, um, adj. [citr-us] Of, 
or pertaining to, the citrus-tree : mensa, 
of citrus-wood, Cic. 

eitr-o, adv. [citer, citr-i] (always 
in the connection and position ultro 
citroque, ultro et citro, ultro ac citro, 
or, without copula, ultro citro) Hither 
and thither, to and fro, on both sides, 
mutually, reciprocally: Cic; Lucr. 

citrus, i, /. [prob. akin to /ce'Spos, 
cedrus] The citrus tree : Lucr. 

cl-tus, a, um : 1. P. of ci-eo. — 2. 
Pa.: a. Gen.: (Put in motion; hence) 
Quick, swift, rapid: quadrigae, Virg. : 
(Comp.) citior cura, Val. Max.: (Sup.) 
citissimum factum, Quint, b. Esp.: 
In an adverbial force : Quickly, etc. : 
solvite vela citi, Virg. 

Civ-Icus, a, um, adj. [civ-is] 1. Of, 
or pertaining to, citizens; civil, civic, 
citizen's: jura, Hor.: corona, the civic 
(crown made of oak leaves, the highest 
mark of distinction , which was bestowed 
on him who had saved the life of a 
fellow-citizen in war): Cic. — 2. Of, or 
pertaining to, the Roman state: stirps, 
Liv. *[ Hence, Fr. civique. 

clv-ilis, e,adj. [id.] 1.: a. Prop.: 
Of, or pertaining to, citizens ; civil, 
civic : conjuratio, Cic— P articular 
expression: Civile jus, Civil law; 
i.e. (a) The political rights of citizens: 
Cic — (b) Civil, private rights: Cic. — 
b. Meton.: Relating to public or 
political life; political, public, state-: 
scientia, political economy, Cic. — 2. 
(Demeaning one's self as a citizen ; 
hence) Courtly, courteous, polite, civil, 
affable, pleasing: (Comp.) quid enim 
civilius illo ? Ov.: (Sup.) in colloquiis 
humillimorum civilissimus, Spart. 

clvil-Itas, atis, /. [civil-is] (The 
state or condition of the civilis ; hence) 
1. The art of government, politics: 
Quint. — 2. Courteousness, courtesy : 
Suet, ^f Hence, Fr. civiliti. 

clvil-Iter, adv. [id.] 1. After the 
manner of a citizen, citizen-like : con- 
tendere, Script, ap. Cic : (Comp.) 
civilius, PL: (Sup.) civilissime vixit, 
Eutr. — 2. Civilly, courteously, kindly : 

ci-vis, is (Abl. Sing, usually cive; 
sometimes, civi), comm. gen. "[prps. 
akin to Sanscrit root kshi, to dwell, to 
reside] (A dweller, resider, etc. ; hence) 
A citizen (male or female) : unus, Cic. : 
Attica,Ter . — P articularexprcss- 
ion : Civis meus, tuus, etc., My, thy, 
etc , fellow-citizen : Cic. 

Civ-jttas, atis (Gen. Plur., nun and 
um), /. [civ-is] I. Prop. : (The con- 
dition or state of a citizen; hence) 
Citizenship, freedom of the city: Cic; 
Liv. II. M e t o n. : A. : 1 . The citizens 
united in a community: Cic; Cees.; 
Liv.— 2. The state or body politic: Cic; 
Cses.;Sall.— B. A city: "Quint.; Suet. 
III. Fig. : A state or commonwealth: 
Cic. «ft Hence, Fr. ciU. 

cla-des, is (Gen. Plur. usually 
cladium; cladurn, Sil.), f. [akin to 

x\d-io, to break] (Prop.: A breaking 
to pieces of any thing ; Meton.) I. 
Gen.: Injury, mischief, disaster, loss, 
detriment, calamity: Cic. ; Liv. II. 
Esp.: A. Of persons who cause do 
struction : Destroyer, scourge: Virg. — 
B. Milit. t. t. : Defeat, discomfiture, 
slaughter in war : Cic. ; Liv. ; Virg. 

cl-am, adv. and prep, [akin to 
xaK-vTTTta, andcel-o] I. Adv.: Sectvtly, 
in private: clam depositum, Cic. 11. 
Prep. c. Abl., or Ace, also, once c. 
Gen.: Without the knowledge of, un- 
known to: clam vobis, Cass.: clam 
prcesidia, Hirt.: clam patris, Plaut. — 
Particular phrases : A. Clam 
me or mihi est, U is unknown to me, 1 
know not: Plaut.; Ter.— B. Clam ali- 
quem habere, To keep secret from one, 
conceal from: Ter. 

clama-tor, oris, m. tclam(a)-o] 
A baivler, noisy declaimer; Cic. 

clamlta-tlo, onis,/. [clamit(a)-o] 
A violent crying, clamour, or noise: 

clam-Ito, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. 
and a. intens. [clam-o] I.Neut.: To cry 
out violently or aloud: vano questu 
clamitans, Phsed. II. Act.: A. : 1. 
Prop.: To vociferate loudly or bawl ovi 
something: Cauneas clamitabat, Cic: 
(with Objective clause) clamitans lib- 
erum se liberaaque civitatis esse, Ca;s. 
— 2. Fig.: To proclaim, i. e. manifest, . 
show, evidence, betray: calliditatem, 
Cic. — B. To call after one loudly and 
frequently: clamitabant me, Plaut. 

cla-mo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. n. and 

a. [akin to «aA-e'w] I. Neut. : A. 
Prop.: To call or cry out; to shoui 
aloud : do pecunia, Cic. B. M et o n.: 
1. Of things: To make a noise, din, 
etc: clamant amnes, Stat. — 2. Of a 
snorer : To make an uproar or disturb- 
ance; to bellow out: magnum clamat, 
Plaut. C. F i g. : Of abstract subjects : 

j To call out, cinf aloud: et non ulla meo 
j clamat in ore fides, calls out in, i. e. 
proclaims itself openly, Prop. II. Act. : 
A. : 1 . P r o p. : To call or cry aloud to 
something or some one, to proclaim, 
declare, invoke, call upon, etc: mori- 
entem nomine, Virg. — 2. Fig.: To 
proclaim or declare: quid restipul- 
atio clamat ? Cic-— B. To proclaim or 
declare one to be; to call out that one is: 
se causam clamat, Virg. 

clam-or (-os, Quint.), 5ris, m. 
[clam-o] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: A loud 
call ; a shout, cry of men, or of animals: 
Plaut.; Cic; Virg. B. Esp.: I. A 
friendly call, acclamation, applause: 
Cic; Hor. — 2. A hostile call, clamour, 
outcry, complaint: Script. r,p. Cic. n, 
Meton. : Noise, sound, din: Virg.; 
Hor. Tf Hence, Fr. clameur. 

clam-osus, a, um, adj. [for clam- 
or-osus ; fr. clamor, clamor-is] (Full 
of clamor; hence) 1. Clamouring or 
bawling continually or loudly; clamor- 
ous: pater, Juv. — 2. : a. Filled with 
noise or clamour ; noisy : circus, Juv. — 

b. Accompanied with noise or clamour : 
acceleratio, Auct. Her. 

Clampetia, ae, /. Clarrvpetia 6 
town of the Bruttii. 



elan-culum, adv. and prep. dim. 
[for clam-culum] Secretly, privately: 
L Adv.: clanculum abii a legione, 
Plant. II. Prep. c. Ace.: clanculum 
Patres, Ter. 

clandestm-o,a<&>. [clandestin-us] 
Secretly, clandestinely : Plaut. 

clan-dest-mus, a, um, adj. [prob. 
obsol. clan-dest-us, for clam-dest-us, 
fr. clam] Secret, hidden, concealed, 
clandestine: colloquia cum hostibus, 
Cic. *f Hence, Fr. clandestin. 

clang-o, no per/, nor sup., ere, 3. 
f. n. [onomatop. ; like Gr. «Aay, 
whence KAayy^-rJ] To clang; to sound, 
resound: horrida clanguntSigna tubas, 

clang-or, oris, m. [clang-o] A 
sound, clang, noise: tubarum, Virg. 

CISnis, is, m. Clan is: 1. A river 
of Etruria, which falls into the Tiber 
(now Ohiana). — 2. A companion of 
Phineus. — 3. A centaur. 

Clanius, ii ; Glanis, is, m. The 
Clanius or Glanis ; a river of Campania, 
frequently overflowing the country 
around, especially the town of Acerrce 
(now il Lag no). 

clar-e, adv. [clar-us] 1. Clearly, 
distinctly, plainly, aloud : tit clare 
gemant, Cic. — 2. Brightly, clearly: 
clare fulgens canaries, Cat. — 3. Di- 
stinctly , intelligibly , clearly: (£wp.)pisces 
clarissime audiunt,Pl. — 4. Illustrious- 
ly, honourably: (Comp.) clarius ex- 
splendescebat, Nep. 

clar-eo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. [id.] {To be clarus; hence) I. 
To be clear or bright; to shine: Cic. 
H. To be obvious, clear, evident or 
manifest: Lucr. III. To be brilliant, 
distinguished, illustrious, famous, re- 
nowned : Enn. 

clar-esco, ui, no sup,, escere, 3. 
v. n. [id.] (To become clarus ; hence)' 
I. To sound clearly, become or be 
audible: clarescunt sonitus armorum, 
Virg. II. To begin to shine, to become 
visible : tecta luminibus, Tac. III. To 
become mentally clear, manifest, evident, 
obvious: alid ex alio clarescct, Lucr. 
IV. To become brilliant, illustrious, 
famous, renowned: ex gente Domitia 
dua3 familise claruerunt, Suet. 

clariga-tlo, onis, /. [clarig(a)-o] 
I. Prop.: A (Roman) proclamation of 
war: PL; Quint. II. Met on. : The 
seizure of a man who is found beyond 
the place prescribed to him: Li v. 

clarlg-Ito, no perf. nor sup., are, 
1. v. a. intens. [clarig-o] To reclaim: 

clarfg-o, no perf, atum, are, 1. 
v. n. [akin to Krjpvtj, Dor. «apv£] 
Polit. 1. 1. : Of the Fetiales : To proclaim 
war against an enemy (with certain 
religious ceremonies) : PI. 

clar-i-son-us, a, um, adj. [clar- 
ss; (i)son-o]Clear-sou7iding : vox, Cat. 
clar-Itas, atis, /. [clar-us] (The 
quality of the clarus ; hence) 1. Clear- 
ness, distinctness: in voce, Cic. — 2. 
Clearness, brightness of objects affect- 
ing the sight : PL — 3. Clearness, 
distinctness, perspicuity : Quint. — 4« 
Celebrity, renown, reputation, splend- \ 

our, high estimation : Cic. ; Tac. % 
Hence, Fr. clartt. 

clar-Itudo, mis, /. [id.] (The 
quality of the clarus; hence) 1. Clear- 
ness, distinctness, etc.: vocis, Cell. — 
2. Clearness, brilliancy: dece (=:luna?.), 
Tac. — 3. Renown, celebrity, fame, re- 
putation, etc.: Sail.; Tac. 

clar-o, avi, no sup., are, 1. v. a. 
[id.] (To make clarus; hence) I. To 
make clear or bright; to illuminate: 
Cic. ; Stat. II. To make mentally 
clear, evident, distinct, or obvious; to 
explain, illustrate, set forth: Lucr. 
III. To render illustrious, renowned, 
etc. : ilium non labor Isthmius Clarabit 
pugilem, Hon 

clar-or, oris, m. [clar-eo] Clear- 
ness, brightness : Plaut. 

Clares, i, /., KAapo?. Claros; a 
town of Ionia, celebrated for a temple 
and an oracle of Apollo' (now Zille). 
—Hence, Clar-ius, a, um, adj. Of, 
or pertaining to, Claros; Clarian. — As 
Subst.: Clarius, ii, m.: 1. (sc. deus) 
The Clarian god ; i. e. Apollo : Virg. — 
2. (sc. poeta) The Clarian poet, i. e. 
Antimachus : Ov. 

cla-rus, a, um, adj. [akin to San- 
scrit root qru, " audire," Greek kKv- 
ea/, Lat. clu-o] I. Prop.: Of sounds, 
etc.: Clear, loud, distinct: vox, Cic: 
latratus, Ov. II. Me ton.: A. Of 
appearance, etc. : Clear, bright, shining, 
light, brilliant: (Sup.) clarissimge gem- 
mae, Cic. — B. Making clear, i. e. bring- 
ing fair weather: aquilo, Virg. III. 
Fig.: A. Mentally : Clear, distinct, 
manifest, plain, evident, intelligible : 
(Comp.) luce sunt clariora nobis tua 
consilia, Cic. — B. Morally : Brilliant, 
celebrated, renowned, illustrious, hon- 
ourable, famous, glorious, etc. (esp. as 
an epithet of distinguished men) : 
animus, Sail.: vir,Cic— C, Notorious: 
luxuria superbiaque clarus, Liv. f 
Hence, Yr.^clair. 

class-iarlus, a, um, adj. [class-is] 
Of, or belonging to, the fleet: centurio, 
i. e. the captain of a ship, Tac. — As 
Subst.: classlarli, orum, m.: 1. (sc. 
milites) Sea- or naval forces: Tac; 
Nep. — 2. (sc. nauta?) Sailors, seamen, 
etc.: Cses. ; Tac. 

class-icula, se, /. dim. [id.] A 
little fleet, flotilla: Cic. 

class-icus, a, um, adj. [id.] 1. 
(Prop. : Pertaining to the first class ; 
Fig.) Superior, of the first rank: scrip- 
tor, a classical writer, Gell. — 2. Per- 
taining to the fleet : milites, Liv. — As 
Subst. : classici, orum, m. (sc. milites) 
Sea- or naval forces : Tac. *[[ Hence, 
Fr. classique. 

class-Icum, i, n. [id.] (A thing 
pertaining to a classis ; hence) 1. A 
field- or battle-signal given with the 
trumpet: classicum cecinit, Liv. — 2. 
A war-trumpet : Virg. ; Tib. 

classis, is (Abl. usu. classe ; classi, 
Virg.),/. [KAa0-<.s= «Averts] (Acalling: 
Concr. : That which is called ; hence) 
1.: a. Prop.: Of the citizens as sum- 
moned for assessment : A class : Liv. ; 
Cic. — b. Fig.: Rank, position, stand- 
ing, class : Cic— c. M e t o n. : A class, 

division : pueros in classes distribu* 
erant, Quint.— 2. Of the people as 
summoned for service : Milit. t. t. : 
Forces, a force : a. Of the (land) army: 
Virg.— b. Of men at sea : The fleet, 
including the troops in it: Cic; Liv.; 
Virg^ f Hence, Fr. classe. 

clathri (-tri), orum, m.~KKfj9pa 
(enclosing things) A trellis, grate, bar 
(esp. to the cages of animals) : Hor. 

clathr-o (clatr-o), no perf, atum, 
are, I. v. a. [clathr-i] To furnish with 
a grate or lattice set with bars : Plaut. 

claud-eo, no perf, clausum, claud- 
ere, 2. v. n., claud-o, no perf, 
clausum, claudere, 3. v. n. [claud-us] 
To limp or halt: Fig.; Cic 

claudlca-tlo, onis,/. [claudic(a)- 
o] A limping: Cic. 

claud-ico (clod-), no perf. nor 
sup. , are, ] . v. n. [claud-us] I. Prop.: 
To limp, halt, be lame: graviter claud- 
icans, Cic. II. Fig.: To halt, waver, 
be incomplete or defective : tota res 
vacillat et claudicat, Cic. III. Met- 
on.: A. To waver, etc: pennarum 
nisus, Lucr. — B. To incline: qua 
mundi claudicat axis, Lucr. ^ Hence, 
Fr. clocher. 

Claudius (C16-), ii, m. Claudius 
or Clodius ; the name of two very cele- 
brated Roman gentes (one patrician, 
the other jplebeian).— Hence, Claud- 
ius (Clo-), a, um, Claud-ianua 
(Clo-), a, um, Claud-ialis, e, adj. 
Of, or belonging to, Claudius or Clodius. 

1. clau-do (clo-, clu-), si, sum, 
dere, 3. v. a. [root clu, akin to kAci'-w] 
I. Prop.: To shut something that is 
open ; to close, shut to, shut up: forem 
cubiculi, Cic : lumina, Virg. II. 
Me ton.: A. Of streams : To dam up, 
stop, etc.: claudite jam rivos, pueri, 
Virg. — B. Of the blood : To staunch^ 
stop, stay, etc: PL — C. To block up, 
close, etc. : omnes claudentur aditus 
(fsc. fori), Cic — D. To close, end, con- 
clude, finish, etc. : coenas, Mart. — 
Particular expression: Claud- 
ere agmen, To close or bring up the 
rear, Cass.— E.: 1. Gen.: To shut up 
or in; to inclose, encompass, surround: 
clausse hieme Alpes, Liv. — 2. Esp.: 
Milit. 1. 1. : To encompass, invest, besiege, 
etc : urbem obsidione, Nep. Ill» Fig.: 
A. To stop, close, keep shut: clausa 
consilia habere, Cic. — B. To bring to 
a close; to end, finish, terminate: cujusf 
octavum trepidavit zetas Claudere 
lustrum, Hor. — P articular ex- 
pression: Claudere animam, To 
end or destroy life: Lucr.; Ov. — C. To 
inclose, limit, confine : numeris sen tent 
ias, Cic. f Hence, Fr. clore, clorre. 

2. claudo, ere, v. claudeo. 
claudus (clu-, Plaut.), a, um, adj. 

[akin to Sanscrit kh&la, " crippled ; " 
Greek x w ^°s] I. Prop.: Limping, 
halting, lame: deus, Cic II. Fig.: 
Wavering, uncertain, defective : pars 
officii tui, Ov. 

claus-trum (clos-), i, n. [for 
claud-trurn, clod-trum ; fr. claud-o, 
clod-o] (The accomplisher of shutting 
up or enclosing ; hence) 1.: a. Prop.: 
A lock, bar, bolt: claustra revellere, 



Cic. — b. Fig.: A bar, barrier, etc. : 
amat (sc. animus) spatiis obstantia 
rumpere claustra, Hor,— 2 . : a. P r o p . : 
A door or gate: Mart.; Ov.— b. Fig.: 
Protection, defence: Cic; Tac— 3. An 
inclosure of any kind : Lucrino addita 
claustra, *. e. moles, piers, or dams, 
Virg.— 4. Milit. t. t. .■ a. A barrier, 
bulwark, defence, etc. (whether artificial 
or natural, for enclosing one's self and 
keeping off the enemy): Cic; Tac — b. 
Entrenchments, works, etc (for enclos- 
ing the enemy) : Tac— 5. A cage or 
den for wild beasts: Hor.; Stat.— 6. 
A stall or stable for horses : Stat. ^ 
Hence, Fr. cloUre. 

claus-tila, se, /. [claudo, (Sup.) 
claus-um] (That which closes; hence) 

I. Gen.: A close, conclusion, end: Cic. 

II. Esp. : Rhet. t. t. : The close of a 
period : Cic. 

elau-stis (clu-) (for eland -sus, 
clud-sus), a, urn, P. of claud-o (clud-o). 
—As SubsL: clausuui (clu-), i, n. 
An inclosed place for confining or 
keeping any thing: Vivg.; Lucr. 

clava, se,/. [akin to Sanscrit gilla, 
"a lance" or "club"] I. Gen.: A 
knotty branch, bough, or stick ; a staff, 
tudgel, club, etc : Cic. II. Esp.: As 
a weapon for exercising : A foil : Cic. 

clav-arlum, ii, n. [clav-us] (A 
thing 'pertaining to a clavus; hence) 
Money given to soldiers for the purchase 
of shoe-nails: Tac 

clav-ator, oris, m. [clav-a] One 
who ca*Ties clubs or foils; a cudgel- 
bearer: Plaut. 

clav-Icttla, aa, /. dim. [clav-is] 
(Prop.: A small key; Meton.) A little 
twig or tendril (by which the vine clings 
around its props): Cic. 

1. clav-I-ger, gera, gerum, adj. 
[clav-a; (i); ger-o] Club-bearing, club- 
carrying * clavigera Vulcani proles, 
i. e. Periphetes, Ov. — As Subst. : clavi- 
ger, eri, m. (sc. deus) The club-bearer, 
i. o. Hercules: Ov. 

2. elav-i-ger, gera, gerum, adj. 
[clav-is ; (i) ; gero] Bearing or keeping 
a key, or keys: deus, i. e. Janus, as 
presiding over doors, Ov. 

cla-vis, is, /. (Ace. reg. clavem ; 
clavim, Plaut.; Tib. — Abl. clavi, Var.: 
clave, Juv.) [akin to KAeia>; «Aeis, Dor. 
«:Aa-ts] (Tfie shutting or closing thing ; 
hence) I. Prop.: A key: Sail.; Hor. 

— Particular expression : Cla- 
vesadimereuxori, To lake away the keys 
from one's wife, i. e. to separate from 
her: Cic. II. Meton.: Of a trundl- 
ing-hoop : A. key, i. e. an instrument in 
the form of a key, by which a hoop was 
set in motion: Prop, <fl" Hence, Fr. 

cla-vus, i, m. [akin to «Aei'-co] (The 
closing or fastening thing; hence) I. 
Prop.: A nail, peg, pi ug : Plaut.; Gees. 

— Particular applications: 
A. Ace. to a Tuscan usage, the ancient 
Romans reckoned the years by nails, 
which the highest magistrate annually, 
on vhe Ides of September, drove into the 
wall of Jupiter's temple: Liv. — B. As 
& symbol of immovable firmness, clavus 
is an attribute of Necessitas. who drives 


it into the wall with a hammer : Hor.— 
Hence, Pro v.: beneficium trabali 
clavo figere, Cic II. Meton.: Of 
objects of a similar form to a clavus : 
A. (The handle of a rudder, or the 
tiller ; hence, as pars pro toto) A rud- 
der, helm: Virg.; Ov. — B. Medic. 1. 1.: 
Of persons and animals : A swelling or 
excrescence ; e. g. a wart, etc.: Cels.; 
PI. — C. : 1. /1 purple stripe on the 
tunic, which, among the senators, 
was broad, among the equites, nar- 
row : Hor.; Suet.— 2. A tunic in gen.: 
Hor. III. Fig. : A.: 1. A beginning 
or commencement: anni, Cic. — 2. A 
nail: Cupidinis, Plaut. — B. The man- 
agement or direction of any thing : 
imperii, Cic % Hence, Fr. clou. 

cle-men-s, mentis, adj. [prob. for 
clin-ment-s ; fr. clin-o ; mens, ment- 
is] (Having the heart bent; hence) I. 
P r o p. : A. In, or of, disposition, etc. : 
Gentle-hearted, mild, quiet, tranquil, 
compassionate, kind, clement: satis 
clemens in disputando, Cic— B. : 1. 
Of persons: Mild in respect to the 
faults, etc., of others ; forbearing, in- 
dulgent, compassionate, merciful: Cle- 
men tes judices et misericordes, Cic— 
2. Of animals: Tame, domesticated i 
(Comp.) clementius genus columba- 
rum, Var. II. Meton.: A. Of the 
atmosphere, wind, etc. : Mild, calm, 
soft, gentle: flamen, Cat. — B. Of the 
motion of the sea, rivers, etc.: Placid, 
calm, etc. : (Sup.) clementissimus 
anmis, Ov. III. Fig.: Of a report, 
etc. : Mild, not exaggerated: rumor, 
Sail. If Hence, Fr. cUment. 

cleinen-ter, adv. [forclement-ter; 
fr. clemens, element-is] (After the 
manner of the clemens ; hence N i. 
Gently, softly, mildly : Plaut. — 2. By 
degrees, gradually, gently: Tac — 3. 
Quietly, placidly, tranquilly, calmly: 
(Sup.) clementissime, Plaut. — 4. With 
forbearance, mildly, with indulgence, 
mercifully: Caas.; Liv. 

clement-la, se,/. [] ( The qual- 
ity, condition, or state of the clemens ; 
hence) l c : a. Indulgent ox forbearing 
conduct ; moderation, mildness, humctn- 
ity, forbearance, benignity, merciful- 
ness, mercy, clemency: Cic; Liv.— b. 
Kindness, sympathy : Nep.— 2. Of the 
atmosphere, etc. : A calm or tranquil 
stale; calmness, mildness: PL; Flor. 
«ff Hence, Fr. clemence. 

Cleon, onis, m., KAe'wi' (The one 
having glory; i. e. The glorious one). 
Cleon; a rhetorician of Ilalicarnassus: 

Cloonae, arum, /., KAtwfat. Cle- 
ono3; a town of Argolis. 

Cleopatra, as,/., KAeoTraVpa (Fa- 
ther's glory). Cle&patra; the celebrated 
queen of Egypt (daughter of Ptolemy 
Auletes) tvho was conquered at Aclium by 

elep-o, si, turn, ere, 3. v. a. [akin 
to KAe'n--Tco] I. Prop.: To steal: eum 
(sc. ignem) clepsisse dolo, Script, ap. 
Cic: (without Object) rape, clepe, tone, 
Plaut. II. Fig.: With Personal 
pron.: To steal one? s self away ; to hide 
or conceal one's self : Sen. 

cleps-ydra, se, f.~K\t\h-vSpa (A 
stealing away of water). A water- 
clock, clepsydra (used by public speaker i 
to measure the length of their discourse): 
Sen.; Cic. — Particular express- 
ions: Clepsydram petere, To require 
a clepsydra, i. e. to wish to speak : dare, 
to grant a clepsydra, i. e. to give per- 
mission to speak : Mart. % Hence, Fr. 

clepta, 83, ?n.=KAe7rr7j?. A thief: 

cll-ens (clu-), entis (Gen. Plur. 
usu. clientium ; clientum, Plaut. ; 
Hor.), comm. gen. [clu-eo] (The hear- 
ing one; hence) I. Prop. : Of Ro- 
mans : /1 dependant ; in relation to his 
protector (patronus), a client: Plaut.; 
Cic II. M e to n. : A. Of foreigners : 
1. An adherent, client, etc.: Cses.; Tac. 
— 2. Plur. : Of nations: Allies or 
vassals (of a more powerful people): 
Caes. — 3. In Numidia : A dependant, 
retainer: Sail. — B. A protege, favour, 
ite: Hor. 

client-a, se,/. [cliens, client-is] I. 
Prop.: A female client: Hor. II. 
Meton.: A female dependant, etc.: 

cllent-ela,£e,/. [id.] (TJie condition 
of a client in reference to his patron ; 
hence) 1. Of the client: a. Of Romans: 
(a) Prop.: Clientship: Cic. — (b) 
Meton.: Plur. : Clients : Sail. ; Cic — 
b. Of foreign nations: (a) Prop.: 
Alliance, vassalage, dependance: Caaa. 
—(b) Meton.: (a) Plur.: Dependants; 
vassals, etc: Tac — (/3) Sing.: Depend- 
ent territory or persons; a dependency: 
Just. — 2. Of the patron : Patronage, 
protection: Ter.; Suet. *f Hence, Fr. 

client-ulus, i, m. dim,, fid.] A 
little or insignificant client • Tac. 

cllna-men, mis, n. [clin(a)-o] 
(That which inclines: hence) The in- 
clination of a thing : Lucr. 

clina-tus, a, um, adj. [id.] In* 
dined, bent,s-unk : Lucr.; Cic 

Clinias, Ee, 7)i., KAetj/ias (The one 
that is /cAeu'6?, or famous). Clinias; 
the father of Alcibiades. — Hence, 
Clml-ades, jb, m. The son of Clinias, 
i. e. Alcibiades. 

clino, = KA(.Vw. To lean, etc.: found 
only in compounds and derivatives ; 
e. g. acclino, declino, clinamen, clin- 
atus, etc. 

Clio, us, f. = K\eio) (She that cele- 
brates; the celebrater). Clio: 1. Tlte 
Muse of History. — 2. A daughter of 
Ocean us. 

clip-eo (clyp-), 770 perf., atum, 
are, 1. v. a. [clip-eus] To arm or 
furnish with a shield: clipeata agmina, 

clip-eum, i, n. [akin to KaX-vrrrio \ 
I Kpv7r-rco] (That which covers or con- 
; ceals ; hence) A shield ( =clipeus) : Liy,; 
I Virg. 

! clip-eus (clyp-, clup-), i, m. 
. [id.] (id.) I. Prop. : A shield of «ir- 
t culatr form, made of brass: Cic; Virg. 
i — P r o v. : Clipeum post vulnera sum- 
i ere, To take a shield after wounds ; i. e, 
\ to do something when it is too late, Qy* 



H. Fig.: Protection., defence: Claud. 
III. Me ton. : Of objects in the form 
of a shield : A. The disk of the sun : 
Ov. — BuA shield-shaped, or oval, mete- 
or: Sen. 

ell-tellse, arum, /. [prob. for 
clin-telhe ; fr. elin-o] (The bent or 
curved thing; hence) A pack-saddle 
put upon beasts of burden, especially 
upon asses ; a sumpter-saddle : Plaut.; 

clitell-arms, a,um, adj. [clitell-ee] 
Of, or pertaining to, a pack-saddle; 
tearing a pack-saddle : Cato ; Plaut. 

CUtorlus, a, urn, adj. Of, or 
belonging to, Clitorium ; a town of 

Clitumnus, i, m. The Clitumnus ; 
a river of Umbria. 

eliv-osus, a, urn, adj. [cliv-us] I. 
Prop: Hilly, full of hills, steep : cliv- 
osi glarea ruris, Virg. II. Fig. : 
Steep, difficult: trames vitas, Sil. 

cli-vus, i, m. [for clin-vus ; fr. 
clin-o] (The sloping thing ; hence) I. 
Prop.: A gently ascending height or 
eminence; a slope, hill, eminence: Cic; 
Caes. ; Virg. II. .Meton.: A ny thing 
sloping; aslope, unevenness: Ov, 

clo-aca, ee, /. [for clu-aca ; fr. 
1. clu-o] (The cleanser; hence) I. 
Prop. : A sewer or drain; esp. the 
artificial canal in Rome, constructed 
by Tarquinius Priscus, by which the filth 
was carried from (he streets into the 
Tiber ; Liv. II. M e t o n. : The stomach 
of a drunken woman : Plaut. ^f Hence, 
Fr. cloaque. 

clod, words in, v. claud. 

Clcelia, £e, /. Clcelia ; a Roman 
maiden, who, when a hostage to Por- 
senna, with several companions, swam 
back to Rome: Liv,; Virg. 

clostrum, i, v. claustrum. 

Ciotho (apparently used only in 
Nam. and Ace), KAwflw (The spinner 
or spinster). Ciotho ; one of the three 
Par cw. 

cludo, cludus, v. clau. 

cluens, entis, v. cliens. 

Cluent-Ius, n, m. [prob. cluens 
( = cliens), cluent-is] (The one pertain- 
ing to a cluens) Cluentius ; a Roman 
name. — Hence, Cluent»ianus, a, 
urn, adj. Belonging to Cluentius. 

clu-eo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 2. 
v. n. and elu-eor, no perf., eri, 2. v. 
pass, [akin to Sanscrit root gnu and 
cri, to hear; Gr. /cAy'-w] To hear one's 
self called in some way ; to be named, 
called, spoken of, reputed, esteemed or 
famed in some way : at meus victor 
vir belli clueat, Plaut. : stratioticus 
homo qui cluear, id. 

elun-is, is, m. and/, [prps. akin to 
«Aoy-ew, to move violently; and so, the 
thing moved violently ; cf. Gr. k\6v-i<;, 
the os sact*um] The buttock, haunch, etc- : 
Hor.; Juv. 

1. cliio=purgo, PL; Serv. [akin to 
Sanscrit root klid, " to grow wet ; " 
Gr. kXv-^iv, " to wash off " or 

2. cltio=clueo, v. clueo. 
clupeus, i, v. clipeus. 
Clur-Inus, a, ran, adj. [clur-a ; an 


a P e 3 Of, or pertaining to, an ape: 

Clusium, ri,w. Clusium; an Etrur- 
ian town (previously called Cai.iars or 
Gamers). — Hence, Clus-inus, a, um, 
&dj. Of, or pertaining to, Clusium. — 
As Subst. : Clusini, orum, m. (sc. 
civos) The inhabitants of Clusium. 

Clus-Ius, li, m. [cludo ( = claudo); 
(Sup.) clus-um] (The one closing or 
shutting) Clusius; a surname of Janus, 
whose temple was closed in times of peace. 

clusus, a, um, v. clausus. 

Clymene, es, /., KAuju.eV>j (Ace. 
Gr. Clymenen, Ov.) (The renowned 
or famed one) Clymene: 1. The wife 
of the Ethiopian king Mero2?s, and 
mother of Phaethon. — Hence, Cly- 
men-eius , a, um , adj. Of, or perta til- 
ing to, Clymene : proles (i. e. Phaethon). 
— 2. One of the daughters of Ocean us. — 
3. A female servant and confidante of 

Clymenus, i, m., K\vixevos (id.) 
Clymenus; a surname of Pluto. 

clypeo, are, etc., v. clip. 

clyster, oris, m. — Kkvo-rrjp (That 
which washes out or away). A clyster- 
pipe or syringe : Suet, ^f Hence, Fr. 

Clytsemnestra, se,/., K\vTaiixvrj- 
arpa. Clytemnestra ; the daughter of 
Tyndarus and Leda, and sister of Helen, 
Castor, and Pollux; wife of Agamemnon 
and mother of Orestes, lphigenia, and 

Clytie, es,/., KAvt^ (The splendid 
or beauteous one). Clytie; daughter of 
Oceanus, changed into the plant helio- 

Cnidius, a, um, etc., Gnidus. 

Cnosiacus, a, um, etc., v. Gnos. 

CO, the form assumed by com ( = 
cum) in composition before vowels, 
with few exceptions ; also before 
g and h ; v. 1. cum. 

co-accedo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 
3. v. n. To be added at the same time, 
or besides: Plaut. 

coacerva-tio, onis,/. [coacerv(a)- 
o] A heaping together: Fig.: llhet. 
t.t.: Cic. 

co-accrvo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
To heap together, heap up, collect in a 
mass: I. Prop.: magnam vim em- 
blcmatum, Cic. II. Fig.: luctus, Ov. 

co-acesco, acui, no sup., iicoBcere, 
3. v. n. To become completely acid or 
sour : non omne vinum vetustate 
coacescit, Cic. 

eoae-tio, 5nis, /. [for coag-tio ; 
fr. coag-o (theuncontr. form of cog-o)] 
A collecting ox gathering together : Suet. 
\ Hence, Fr. coaction. 

Coac°to, no perf. nor sup., are, 1. 
v. a. intens. [for coag-to ; fr. coag-o 
(the uncontr. form of cog-o)] To con- 
strain , force : Lucr. 

coac-tor, oris, m. I for coag-tor; 
fr. coag-o (theuncontr. form of cog-o)] 
1. Of money : A collector (from auc- 
tions, etc.): Hor. — 2. One who brings 
up or closes the rear : Tac. — 3. One 
who compels ; a constrainer : Sen. 

1. c5ac-tus (for coag-tus), a,um: 
1. P. of cogo (uncontr. form coag-o). 

—2. Pa.: Of woollen cloth: Of close 
texture, close: vestis, PL — As Subst.: 
coacta, as, /. (sc. vestis), or coac- 
tum, i, n. (sc. vestimentum) Felted 
or fulled cloth : Cass. 

2. coac-tus, us, m. [for coag-tus ; 
fr. coag-o (uncontr. form of cog-o)] 
A forcing or compelling; compulsion, 
constraint, etc. (prps. only in Abl. 
Sing.): Cic; Cass. 

co-addo, no perf. nor sup., ere, 3. 
v. a. To add together with : Plaut. 

co-aedif ico, no perf., atum. are, 
1. v. a. To build on or up to: Cic. 

co-aequo, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a.: 
I. Prop.: To make one thing equal or 
even with another; to even, level: 
monies, Sail. II. Fig.; To make 
equal in dignity, power, etc.; to place 
on the same footing, equalise : ad lib- 
idines tuas omnia cosequasti, Cic. 

coagmenta-tlo, onis, /. [coag- 
rnent(a)-o] A joining together ; aeon- 
joining, combination, union : Cic. 

coagment-o, avi, atum, are, 1. 
v. a. [coagment-um] To join, stick t 
glue, cement, etc., together ; to connect: 
I. Prop.: opus, Cic. II, Fig.: pac- 
em, Cic. 

coag-mentum, i, n. [coag-o, un- 
contr. form of cog-o] (That which joins 
together ; hence) A joint : lapidum, 

coag-ulttm, i, n. [id.] 1. (That 
which curdles ; hence) Rennet or run- 
net: Var.; Ov. — 2. (That which is 
curdled ; hence) Curdled milk ; curds : 

co-alesco, alui, alitum, alescere 
(Part. Perf. only in Tac. and sub- 
sequent writers ; — contracted form 
colescere, Lucr.; Perf. coluerunt, id.), 
3. v. n. inch. I.: A. Prop.: To 
grow together; to become united ox joined 
to something by growth: ficus coalescit 
oliva3, Col. B. Meton.: To unite; 
to become firmly joined together: saxa 
vides sola colescere calce, Lucr. C. 
Fig.: To unite, coalesce, etc.: vixdum 
coalescens regnum, Liv. II. : A. 
Prop.: To grow up strongly ox vigor- 
ously ; to grow and thrive, etc. : in eo 
loco grandis ilex coaluerat inter saxa, 
Sail. B. Fig.: To grow up, become 
consolidated, take root, become establish- 
ed : vetustate imperii coalita audacia, 
Tac. <f Hence Fr. coaliser. 

coal-itus, a, um, P. of coal-esco. 

co-angusto, no perf., atum, are, 
1. v. a. I. Prop.: To contract by 
bringing together; to confine, compress, 
contract, narrow, inclose, hem in: co« 
angustati pracipitabantur, Hirt. IL 
Fig.: To circumscribe, limit: hsec lex 
coangustari potest, Cic. 

coarctatio, onis, etc., v. coart. 

co-argiio, argfii, no sup., argiigre, 
3. v. a. I. To prove inconiestably ; to 
demonstrate, show, make known, estab- 
lish, etc.: desidiam, Cic. II.: A. 
Prop.: To convict, to prove o\\q guilty, 
etc. : reliquum est ut . . . hunc eadem 
coarguant, Cic: (with Gen. of crime) 
te avaritias, id. B. Fig.: To prove 
a thing wrong ; to dispute, refute, etc» 
quod coarguunt fici, PL 



cSarta-tto (coarcta-), 5nis, /. 
[coart(a)*o] A drawing or crowding 
together: militum, Hirt. 

co-arto (-arcto), avi, atum, are, 
1. v. a. I. Prop.: To press togetlier, 
compress, bring into a small compass, 
narrow, contract, confine: in oppidis 
coartatus, Cic. II. Pig.: A. Of 
time : To abridge, shorten : consulatiis 
aliovum, Tac.— B. Of diction: To 
abridge, compress : haec, Cic. 

coaxo, no per/, nor sup., are, 1. 
v. n. [onomatop.] Of frog3 : To croak : 
Suet. % Hence, Fr. coasser. 

Cocalus, i, m. Cocalus ; a mythic 
king of Sicily, who gave protection to 
Dwdalus when he fled from the persecu- 
tion of Minos. 
coccina, orum, v. coccinus. 
coccln-attis, a, urn, adj. [coccin- 
»] {Provided with coccina ; hence) 
Clothed in scarlet garments: Suet. 

cooc-3Lnus, a, urn, adj. [cocc-um] 
Of a scarlet colour: coccina lsena, Juv. 
— As Subst. : coccina, orum, n. {sc. 
vestimenta) Scarlet garments : Mart. 
coccum, i, n. — KOKKos (a berry). 
I. Prop.: The bei-ry of the scarlet oak 
(ace. to modern botany, a kind of in- 
sect, cochineal kermes), used as a 
scarlet dye: PI. II. Me ton.: A. 
Scarlet colour or dye: Hor. — B. Scai*- 
let cloth, or (prps.) scarlet cord: Suet. 
Coche, es,/., Kwx 1 ?* Ooche; a town 
on the Tigris. 

cochlea fcocl-),se,/. [KoxAta?,6] 
I. Prop.: A snail: Plaut.; Bor. II. 
Met on.: A snail-shell: Mart. 

Codes, itis, m. [codes, " a one- 
eyed person"] The cognomen of Q. 
Horatius, who, in the war with Por- 
se?ma, alone defended the bridge across 
the Tiber. 

Cocosates (Cocoss-), rum, m. 
The Cocosates or Cocossates ; a people 
of Gallia Aquitania. 

COC-tllis, e, adj. [for coqu-tilis; 
fr. coqu-o] Burned: muri, built of 
burned bricks : Ov. 

coc-tus (for coqu-tus), a, urn, P. 
of coqu-o. 
cocus, i, v. coquus. 
Coeytus (-os), i, m. Kwkuto? 
(Paver of lamentation, from kukv'w, 
to howl, weep). Cocylus ; a mythic 
river of the Lower World. 
coda, se, v. cauda. 
codex, icis, etc., v. caud. 
codic-illi, drum, m. dim. [codex 
(=caudex), codic-is] 1. A small trunk 
of a tree: Cato.— 2.: a. Gen.: A 
writing, letter, esp. a short writing, note: 
Cic. — b. Esp.: (a) Under the empire : 
A writing of the emperor, a cabinet 
order, ordinance : Suet.— (b) An addi- 
tion or appendix to a will ; a codicil : 
PI. ^f Hence, Fr. codicille. 

Codrus, i, m., KoSpos. Codrus: 
1. An Athenian king, who voluntarily 
devoted himself to death, in order to 
obtain for his people victory over the 
Spartans. — 2. A wretched poet, hostile 
to Virgil. 
coacitas, atis, v. case. 
Coele Syria (also, as one word, 
Sselesy via) , se, f. [Kot'Aw Svpia, Hol- 

low Syria] Ccelesyria, between Libanus 
coelebs, ibis, etc., v. csel. 
ccel-e-s (cael-), Itis, adj. [forcoel- 
i-(t)-s; fr. ccsl-um; (I), root; of eo] 
{Going %% heaven ; hence) Heavenly, 
celestial: regna, Ov. — As Subst.: 1. 
Plur.: Coalites, ran, m. {sc. incolos) 
The inliabitants of heaven, the gods: 
Hor.— 2. Sing.: Cceles, ttis {sc. in- 
cola), m. An inhabitant of heaven: Ov. 

ecel-estis or coel-e-sti-s (cael-), 
e{Abl. Sing, regularly, ccelesti: coeleste, 
Ov. — Gen. Plur.: mostly ccelestium : 
ccelestum, Virg.), adj. [coel-um ; or 
for ccel-e-sta-(t)s ; fr. coel-um ; (e); 
st(a)-o with t epenthetic] {Of, or per- 
taining to, heaven — standing in heaven; 
hence) I. Prop.: Of heaven, hea- 
venly, celestial : aqua, i. e. rain : Hor. : 
supera atqueccolestia, Cic. — As Subst.: 
A. Plur.: coram, gen. The inhabitants 
of heaven, the gods: Lucr.; Cic. — B. 
Sing.: comm. gen. An inhabitant of 
heaven ; a deity : Tib. II. Fig.: A. 
Divine: {Comp.) nihil est ccelesti ccel- 
estius, Sen. — B. Magnificent, preemi- 
nent, splendid, etc.: Of persons and 
things : legiones, Cic: {Sup.) ccel- 
estissimum os {sc. Ciceronis), Veil. 
T[ Hence, Fr. cileste. 

ccel-I-col-a (cael-), ae {Gen. Plur. 
ccelicolum, Virg.: ccelicolarum, Juv), 
comm. gen. [ccel-um; (i); col-o] One 
dwelling in heaven : a deity, god. 

coel-I-fer (cael-), fera, ferum, adj. 
[ccel-um ; (i); fer-'o] Supporting the 
heavens : Atlas, Virg. 

coel-I-potens (cael-),p5tentis, m. 
[ccel-um ; (i); potens] Powerful in 
heaven : dii, Plaut. 

Ccellus, li, m. Ccelius ; a Roman 

ccelum (cael-), i, n. {Plur. only 
in poets or Bccl. Lat.: Ace. ccelos, 
Luer.) [akin to G-reek «otAo*, Germ, 
hohl, and Engl, hollow] I. Prop.: 
Heaven, the heavens: Cic; Ov.; Liv. — 
Particular phrases: A. De coelo 
tangi, etc. To be struck from heaven, 
i. e. with lightning : Liv.; Virg.: — so, 
also, e coelo ictus : Cic — B. In augury: 
1. De ccelo servare, lb observe the signs 
of heaven : Cic. — 2. Of celestial signs : 
De coelo fieri, To come to pass: Cic— 
Prov. : Of a vain fear : Quid si 
nunc ccelum ruat? What if heaven 
should now fall? Ter. II. Me ton.: 
A. Heaven; i. e. a quarter or region of 
heaven, climate, zone, region: Liv.; 
Hor. — B. The air, sky, aimosphere, 
temperature, weather : Cic ; Virg. ; Tac. 
— G. Day: vesperascente ccelo, as the 
day was drawing towards evening, 
Nep. III. Fig.: The summit of pro- 
speiHty, happiness, lionour, etc.: Cic. 
% Hence, Fr. ciel. 

coelus, i, v. ccelum. 

co-emo, emi, emptum, emSre, 3. 
v. a. To purchase together, to buy up: 
quae coemebant, Cic. : conductis co- 
emens opsonia nummis, Hor. 

cSem-ptlo, onis,/. [coem-o] Law 
t. L: {A buying up; hence) 1. A. pre- 
tended purchase of an estate which was 
subjected to a mock sale for the purpose 

of divesting it of the burden of ctrtmtt 
sacrifices attached to it: Cic. — 2. A 
marriage, consisting in a mutual mock 
sale of the parties, by which the wife 
was free from the tutela legitima and 
the family sacra : Cic. 

eoeniption-alis (comp-), e, adj. 
[coemptio, coemption-is] I, Prop.: 
Pertaining to a mock sale: senex, one 
who was made use of in a mock sale* 
Script, ap. Cic. II, Me ton.: Poor., 
Worthless : senex, Plaut. 

coem-ptus, a, um, P. of coem-o. 

cce-na (cae-, ce-), se, /. [con- 
sidered generally to be akin to Greek 
6oC-vr),a meal, and Sanscrit root ghas, 
to eat up, and so, the thing eaten up ; — 
but the oldest form of the word coesna, 
seems to point to co-ed-na, fr. co ; 
ed-o ; and so, the thing eaten with an- 
other] I. Prop.: The principal meal 
of the Romans ; dinner ; afterwards, 
supper ; or rather, at first, an early 
dinner, and afterwards, a late dinner: 
ad ccenam invitare aliquem, Cic. : 
ccenam condicere alicui, to engage one's 
self to any one as a guest, promise to be 
one's guest, Suet. : inter ccenam, during 
dinner, at table, Cic II. M e t o n. : A. 
A dish, course, at dinner,: Mart. — B. 
TJie company at table: ccena sedet, Juv. 
•ft Hence, Fr. cbne. 

coana-culum (eaena-, cena-), 
i, n. [ccen(a)-o] {That which serves for 
dining or supping, etc.; a dining-room t 
usu. in an upper siory ; hence) I. 
Prop.: An upper story, an upper room, 
a garret, attic: Cic; Hor. II. Met- 
on. : The vpper regions of the sky: 
Plaut. f Hence, Fr. ce'nacle. 

ccena-ticus (caena-, cena-), a, 
um, adj. [ccena] Pertaining to a dinner: 

eoena-tlo( caena.-, cena-), onis,/. 
[ccen(a)-o] (Prop.: A dining; Meton.) 
A dining-room: Juv. 

ccen-atus (caen-, cen-), a, um, 
adj. [coen-a] {Provided or furnished 
with a ccena ; hence) 1 . Having dined : 
cur te ccenatum noluerit occidere, Cic. 
— 2. Spent in feasting : ccenatse noctea, 

coen-Ito (caen-, cen-), no per/, 
nor sup., are, 1. v. n. freq. [ccen-o] 
To dine often or much ; to be accustomed 
to dine, to dine: foris ccenitare, Cic. 

coen-o (caen-, cen-), avi, atum, 
are, 1, v. n. and a. [ccen-a] I. Neut.: 
To dine, sup, take a meal : eo die casu, 
apudPompeiumccenavijCic. II. Act.: 

A. Prop.: To make a meal of some- 
thing, to eai, dine upon: nos, inquam, 
coenamus aves, conchylia, pisces, Hor. 

B. Fig.: To dine off of , have one's fill 
of: coenabis hodie magnum malum, 

ccen-5sus, a, um, adj. [ccen-um] 
{Full of ccenum ; hence) Dirty, font, 
miry: gurges {i.e. Styx), Juv. : {Comp.) 
coenosior liquor, Sol. 

ccen-iila (caen-, cen«),£e,/. dim» 
[ccen-a] A small dinner: Cic. 

cam-um (cae-), i, n. [prps. akin to 
cun-ire] I. Prop.: Dirt, filth, mud, 
mire (always with the access, idea of 
loathsomeness) : Plalut. ; Cic. ; Virg 



II. Fig.: A. tort, etc., fifth, etc.: ex 
cceno plebeio consulatum extrahere, 
Liv. — B. As a term of reproach : 
Dirty fellow , vile fellow: Cic. 

c5-3o (con-), Ivi or li, Ttum, Tre, 
v.n. and a.: I. Neut.: A. Prop.: 1. 
Gen..* To go or come together ; to meet, 
assemble, collect together: ad solitum 
ectere locum, Ov.— 2. Esp. : a. To 
tome or meet together ; to be joined : 
coeant in fcedera dextrae, Virg.— b. 
To go or come together in a hostile 
manner; to encounter: inter se coiisse 
Tiros, et cernere ferro, Virg. — c. To 
form a whole by coming together ; to be 
united into a whole; k> unite, combine: 
reliqui milites coeunt inter se, Caes. : 
gelidusque coit formidine sanguis, i. e. 
curdles, Virg. B. Fig.: 1. To meet 
together, combine, come together, form 
a whole by uniting, unite into a whole, 
unite : ut placidis coeant immitia, Hor. 
— 2. To unite together for some object, 
in feeling, will, conclusions, etc. ; to 
join together, assimilate, agree: duo- 
decim adolescentuli coierunt, conspired 
together, Nep.: hac gener atque socer 
coeant mercede suorum, Virg. II. 
Act. : As the result of meeting : To 
form, make, enter into an alliance, etc. 
(prps. only with societas): societatem 
sceleris, Cic. 

coep-lo, i, turn, ere and isse (mostly 
in tempp. perff.), 3. v. a. and n. [oontr. 
fromeo-apio ( = apo)] (To lay hold of; 
hence) Of an action: I.: A. Act.: To 
begin, commence: neque pugnas, neque 
ego litesccepio, Plaut.: ver esse coep- 
erat, Cic. — Particular usage: 
To begin to speak : Ilioneus placido sic 
pectore coepit, Virg.— B. Pass, (only 
in tempp. perff.): To have been begun, 
to have begun, etc.: ante petitam esse 
pecuniam, quam esset ccepta deberi, 
Cic. : jussis Carmina ccepta tuis, Virg. 
H. Neut.: To begin, commence, origin- 
ate, arise: equestris pugna coepit, Liv. 

CODp-tO, tavi, tatnm, tare, 1. v. a. 
andn. intens. :;<xep-io] I, Act.: To begin 
eagerly; to begin, undertake, attempt: 
defectionem, Tac: appetere, Cic. n. 
Neut. : To begin, commence, make a 
beginning : coeptontem conjurationem 
disjecit, Tac 

ccep-tum, i, n. [id.] (That which 
is begun; hence) A work begun, an 
undertaking : Virg. ; Liv. 

1. ccep-tus, a, um, P. of coep-io. 

2. ccep-tus, us, m. [coep-io] A be- 
ginning, undertaking: Cic. 

co-Spul-onus, i, to. [co ; epul-ae] 
(One having a banquet with another ; 
hence) A fellow-banqueter ox companion 
at a feast: Plaut. 

cQ-erc8o, tfl, Ttum, ere, 2. v. a. [for 
co-arceo] I. Prop.: A. Gen.: To 
enclose wholly ; to hold together : to sur- 
round by inclosing; to swround, encom- 
pass : omnia cingens et coercens ooeli 
com plexus, Cic. : nodo coerces vipcrino 
Bistonidum crines, Hor. B. Esp.: 
1. To restrain, confine, hold in confine- 
*ient : vitem coercet ars agricolarum, 
Cic— 2. Of troops: To hold together, 
I. e. keep in battle order, etc. Messapus 
primas acies, postrema coercent Tyrrh- 

id» juvones, Virg. n. Fig.: A. | 
To keep within limits, confine, restrain, , 
limit: 1. Of speech, or speaker:; 
orationem, Cic. : nimis redundantes ! 
nos, id.— 2. Of words bound by mea- j 
sure : coercere verba numeris. Ov. — , 
B. : 1. Of abstract things: To hold\ 
some fault, some passion, etc. in check; j 
to curb, restrain, tame, correct, punish, \ 
etc. : unius improbi supplicio mult- ! 
orum improbitatem coercere, Cic— 
2. Of other things, also of persons, 
etc.'. To keep within limits, confine, re- 
strain, check, curb, stop, keep in: quos 
tu ni fuste coerces, Hor. 

cSerc-Xtlo (coerc-tio, coer- 
tio, coerc-io), onis, /. [coerc-eo] 

I. Prop.: A restraining, checking, 
coercing, coercion, restraint: Tac; Veil. 

II. Me ton.: A. Punishment, chastise- 
ment: Liv. ; Sen. — B. The right of 
coercing or punishing : Suet. «J Hence, 
Fr. coercition. 

c6erc-Itor, oris, m. [id.] One who 
keeps in order or restrains : Eutr. 

c5erc-Xtus, a, um, P. of coerc-eo. 

cceruleus, a, um, v. caer. 

coetas, us, v. coitus. 

Ccevug, i, m. , Kotos. Cams ; a Titan, 
father of Latona. 

cogltat-e, adv. [cogitat-us] Con- 
siderately, deliberately, with mature re- 
flection : Plaut. ; Cic. 

COgXta-tXo, onis,/. [cogit(a)-o] I. 
Prop.: A thinking, considering, delib- 
erating ; thought, reflection, meditation : 
Cic II. Me ton.: A. A thought; an 
opinion, judgment; a resolution, design, 
plan, project, scheme: Cic; Tac— B. 
Thought as intellectual power ; the 
ability of thinking, power or faculty of 
thought, the reasoning power: Cic. *jf 
Hence, Fr. cogitation. 

cogXta-tus, a, um, P. of cogit(a)-o. 
— As Subst.: cogitatum, i, n. .A 
thought, idea, reflection, etc : Ter. ; 
Cic; Nep. 

co-gXto, avi, atum, are, 1. v. a. 
[contr. fr. co-agito] I. Gen.: To 
weigh thoroughly in the mind: to con- 
sider in all parts ; to ponder well, weigh, 
reflect upon, think: neque desino ea, 
quae minime voio, cogitare, Cic : 
(without Object) ad haec igitur cogita, 
id. EC. Esp.: A. To think in some 
way with respect to one ; to be disposed 
towards one : si humaniter et sapienter 
et amabiliter in me cogitare vis, etc., 
Script, ap. Cic— B. Of a work to be 
undertaken or a conclusion to be 
made: To have in mind; to intend, 
meditate upon, think upon, design, plan, 
purpose, etc.: quid bellicosus Cantaber 
. . . cogitet, Hor.: Antium me ex 
Formiano recipere cogito, Cic 

cognat-io, onis, /. [cognat-us] 
(The condition of ^-cognatus; hence) 
I. Prop.: Blood-relationship, kindred, 
connection by birth: Of persons or ani- 
mals: Cic II. Fig.: Relationship, 
connection, agreement, resemblance, etc. : 
cognatio studiorum et artium, Cic. 
JH. M e t o n. : Of persons or animals : 
Kindred, relatives: Cic ap. Quint.; PI. 
^T Hence, Fr. cognation. j 

co-gna-tus, a, um, adj. [co ; < 

gna-scor] (Born with one,- hoiioc) L 
Prop.: Connected by birth, related by 
blood: is mihi cognatus fuit, Ter.— As 
Subst.: A. cognatus, i (Gen. Plur., 
cognatum, Plaut.), m. A blood-re* 
lotion, kinsman (either on the father's 
or on the mother's side): Cic; Hor. — 
B. cognata, se, f. A kinswoman: 
Ter. n. Fig.: Kindred, related, cor- 
responding to, like, similar: nihil est 
tarn cognatum mentibus nostris quam 
numeri ac voces, Cic. HI. M e to n. : 
A. Belonging, or appertaining to, a 
kinsman or kindred : rogi, Prop. : 
urbes, Virg. — B. Allied to; connected 
with : faba Pythagorce cognata, Hor. 
% Hence, Fr. cognat